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Class 12 Physics Worksheet

WS16.1.19.P12.16.1

Electric Field and Potential of Charged Shells, Disks and Plates

Electric Field and Potential of Charged Shells, Disks and Plates

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Balaji Sampath

Name:

2019-20

Class:

1.

[JEE 2008]

A thin spherical shell of radius

R

has charge

Q spread uniformly over its

surface.

produced by the shell in the range the shell?

Which of the following graphs most closely represents the electric field

0r ,

where

(

E r

)

r is the distance from the center of

(A)

, where ( E r ) r is the distance from the center of (A) (B)

(B)

where ( E r ) r is the distance from the center of (A) (B) (C)

(C)

( E r ) r is the distance from the center of (A) (B) (C) (D)

(D)

E r ) r is the distance from the center of (A) (B) (C) (D) 2.

2. Find the magnitude of the electric field at a distance r (R )from the center of a solid

sphere of radius

R and uniform charge density

.

3. A sphere of radius

R has uniform volume charge density

. Draw a graph of the field

magnitude as a function of

r

as

r

varies from 0 to

.

4. A solid sphere with its center at the origin and radius

 

R

has a uniform charge

density

.

Then a spherical portion with center at position vector a and radius

sphere, creating a hollow cavity. Find the Electric Field at a point inside the cavity in

terms of its position vector

at a point inside the cavity in terms of its position vector b is cut out

b is cut out from the

r .
r
.

5. A hollow spherical shell of radius

R has a charge

Q uniformly distributed over its

surface. Find the potential at a distance

r from its center when

r R r R

,

and

r = R

.

6. [JEE 2012] Consider a thin spherical shell of radius

carrying uniform positive surface charge density.

variation of the magnitude of the electric field

distance

R with its center at the origin,

(

E r

)

Which graph best represents the

a

and the electric potential

(

V r

)

at

r from the center?

( E r ) Which graph best represents the a and the electric potential ( V
( E r ) Which graph best represents the a and the electric potential ( V

E(r)

V(r) --------

( E r ) Which graph best represents the a and the electric potential ( V

Class 12 Physics Worksheet

www.AhaGuru.com

WS16.1.19.P12.16.1

Balaji Sampath

7. [IIT 1994, NEET 2009] Three concentric spherical shells have radii

and

a , b ( abc  )

c

and have surface charge densities

potentials of the three shells, then, for

(A)

,

c

and

= a + b

respectively. If

, we have:

VC VC = = VB VB =  V V A A

VC = V A VB

(B) VC VB V A

(C)

(D)

VA , VB

and

VC

denote the

8. Find the potential

V at a distance r from the center of a solid sphere of uniform volume

charge density and radius

(i)

(ii)

  R R

r

r

R

, where

(iii) Draw the graph of

V

vs

r

.

9. A disc of radius R is uniformly charged with a surface charge density

. Three quarters of the disc is then removed, leaving one quarter

remaining. What is the z-axis component of the electric field at a point

A at a distance

Z along the vertical axis of the disc?

A Z R
A
Z
R

10. [JEE 2015]

A thin disc of radius

b

= 2

a

has a concentric hole of radius

a in it, as shown.

It carries a uniform surface charge

on it. If the

electric field on its axis at a height

h ( h  a )

from its center is given as

Ch

, then find the value of

C

.

(A)

a

0

(B)

2

a

0

(C)

4

a

0

(D)

8

a

0

b a
b
a

11. [JEE 2014] Let point charge

(

E1 r

)

,

E 2 ( r ) and

E3 r

(

)

be the respective electric fields at a distance

r

from a

Q , an infinitely long wire with constant linear charge density

, and an

infinite plane with uniform surface charge density

distance

r0

, then:

. If

E1

( )=

r0

E 2

( )=

r0

E3

(

r0

)

at a given

(A)

2

Q = 4 r0

(B)

r =

0

2 

(C)

E1

(

r0 / 2)=

2 E2

(

r0 / 2)

(D)

E2

(

r0 / 2)=

4 E3

(

r0 / 2)

12. A square sheet of side

2

a

carries a uniform surface charge

.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

Find the magnitude of the electric field at a height z above the center of the square

in terms of

Find the magnitude of the electric field in the limiting case, when

Find the magnitude of the electric field when

w

, where

w =

a

z

.

,,0

and

a →

.

z

 a

.

13. Find the potential at the center of a disc of radius

.

R,

with uniform surface charge density

Class 12 Physics Worksheet

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WS16.1.19.P12.16.1

Balaji Sampath

14. Find the potential at the center of a spherical shell with one hemisphere containing a total

. Also find the

charge of

magnitude of the electric field at the center.

2 Q

3

and the other hemisphere containing a total charge of

Q

3

15. A point charge is at the origin and produces an electric potential of

V0

at (0, 0, R).

(i)

If the same charge is now spread uniformly onto a disc of radius

R

in the x-y

plane with its center at the origin, it produces on electric potential of

sV0

at (0,

0, R). Find the value of

s

.

(ii)

If the same charge was instead distributed uniformly on a quarter disc of

radius

R (with its center at the origin and in the first quadrant of the x-y

plane), and the potential at (0, 0, R) is

tV0

the find the value of

t

.

(iii)

If the same charge was instead distributed uniformly on a circular ring of

radius

R

(with its center at the origin in the x-y plane), and the potential at (0,

0, R) is

uV0

then find the value of

u

.

16. [IIT 1999] A non-conducting disc of radius

a

and uniform positive surface charge density

is placed on the ground with its axis vertical. A particle of mass

m

and positive charge

q

is dropped, along the axis of the disc, from a height

H

with zero initial velocity. (For

the particle,

=

4

g 0
g
0

q

)

m

(i)

Find the value of

H

if the particle just reaches the center of the disc.

(ii)

Sketch the potential energy of the particle as a function of its height above the center of the disc.

(iii)

Find its equilibrium position (height about the center of the disk).