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# Summary of Annotations

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## The basic symbols used in a number system are called

numerals

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## The decimal number system has ten numerals

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In a

number, the leftmost bit is called the most significant bit and the

## weight assigned by the position

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## The basic distinguishing feature of a numbering system is its

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## The base indicates the number of distinct

symbols or numerals used to represent quantities in that

number system

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## could be implemented with better convenience than a base-10

system.

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## (hexadecimal) is typically used in representing large numbers.

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## A binary digit is given the name bit.

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## There are three basic characteristics of any number system;

 POSITION VALUE.

 DIGIT VALUE.
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## characters or marks within that system

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## base and X is some exponent.

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Any number,

## except zero, when raised to the zero power is equal to one

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each position

## is ten times greater than the preceding position

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## and the value of the base minus one.

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a number
raised to a negative exponent is equivalent to one over

## 10-2 = 1/102 or 1/100

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## higher magnitude can be expressed using a system of

positional weighting

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## determines its weight

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## The base-8 number system is called octal

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## The base-16 number system is called hexadecimal and it

comprises 16 symbols

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## recorded in the reverse order, would read the binary equivalent.

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## DECIMAL TO BINARY CONVERSION

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## DECIMAL TO OCTAL CONVERSION

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## BINARY TO DECIMAL CONVERSION

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BINARY TO OCTAL CONVERSION
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## OCTAL TO BINARY CONVERSION

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## OCTAL TO DECIMAL CONVERSION

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## OCTAL TO HEXA DECIMAL CONVERSION

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