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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Introduction

Introduction

The Key Stage 3 Mathematics series covers the new National Curriculum for Mathematics
(SCAA: The National Curriculum Orders, DFE, January 1995, 0 11 270894 3). Detailed curriculum
references are provided. Each pack is designed to be flexible and can be used in a variety of
ways:

• A complete course for Level 6 – The worksheets can be used to provide complete coverage
of: Number and Algebra; Shape, Space and Measures; and Handling Data. The problem-
solving tasks provide experience for the pupils in Using and Applying Mathematics.

• Individual lessons – The teacher can explain the tasks and provide the worked examples,
either on the board, as overhead transparencies or as photocopied sheets for the students.
Students should then attempt the exercises.

• Teacher’s lesson notes – The notes and examples are useful for new teachers and can form
the basis of lesson plans.

• Absent students – The notes, examples and exercises can be used by students during long-
term absence or to help students catch up after absence.

• Teacher’s absence – If a teacher is absent, a double-sided worksheet (notes and examples on


one side, exercises on the other) can be provided for students. This will allow the students to
continue with learning the curriculum.

• Examination revision – The notes and examples can be issued to students shortly before the
examination for revision purposes.

The pack includes:


• Notes and worked examples
• Exercises
• Coursework tasks for AT1 – Using and Applying Mathematics
• Examination papers containing National Curriculum-type questions
• Using and Applying Mathematics problem-solving tasks
• Pupil’s record form
• Answers.

Using the notes and examples


Pupils should fold the worksheet so that the answers cannot be seen. They can then read the
notes, try the questions, and then check their answers.

Exam papers
Each paper is set on three or four sides of A4 paper. This will allow the exam paper to be placed
on one sheet of A3, in order to remove the onerous task of writing and stapling exam papers. If
both papers are set, the contents of Number and Algebra, Shape, Space and Measures, and
Handling Data will have been covered at Level 6.

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Introduction

Each question is related to a specific part of the National Curriculum as indicated on the chart
on pages 58 and 59.

It is also possible to use each exam paper as homework sheets in preparation for the end of Key
Stage 3 examinations.

Pupil’s record form


This form, provided on page 60, allows the success of pupils to be recorded using the results on
the exercises and exam questions. Either a tick/cross system or a mark system may be used.

End of term activities


‘The Quadrilateral Game’ on page 30 will help pupils to become familiar with the names of
quadrilaterals. Experience will show them that the probability of numbers thrown with two dice
are not equal.

Using and Applying Mathematics


Three problem-solving activities are provided on pages 54 to 57. ‘Diamonds’ is a very interesting
project for producing patterns for wall displays.

Stafford Burndred
October 1995

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Test 1

Test 1

1 Caroline wants to find the value of x in the equation x2 + x = 17.4.

First she tries 5

52 + 5 = 30. The answer is too high.

Then she tries 2

22 + 2 = 6. The answer is too low.

Continue using trial and improvement methods to find the value of x correct to one
decimal place.

2 These four containers each hold a litre when full.


Orange squash is poured in to the levels shown.

80% full 7/10 2/3


full full

Andrea’s Brenda’s Karen’s Deborah’s


container container container container
has 0.65 litres

a Which container has the most orange squash?

b Explain how you worked this out.

c Which container has the least orange squash?

d Explain how you worked this out.

3 Two shops are selling identical television sets. In


Black’s TV Store, all items are for sale at 75% of their Television
set
normal price. In White’s Discount Warehouse normally
everything is for sale at 4/5 of its normal price. £400

a What is the cost of the television in each shop?

b Which shop should you buy from and how much will you save?

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Test 1

4 Karen has attempted the following five questions. Two of her answers are wrong.
Which answers are wrong and what are the correct answers?
Can you explain Karen’s mistakes.

Question 1 Write 5/8 as a decimal

Karen’s answer 5 ÷ 8 = 0.625

Question 2 Write 5/16 as a percentage

Karen’s answer 16 ÷ 5 x100 = 320%

Question 3 Write 20.8% as a decimal

Karen’s answer 0.208

Question 4 Write 0.3 as a percentage

Karen’s answer 30%

Question 5 Write 0.7% as a decimal

Karen’s answer 70%

5 These are the recipes for toad in the hole, one of the recipes is wrong.
The other two are correct, identify the wrong recipe and correct it.

Recipe for 6 people Recipe for 8 people Recipe for 10 people


Plain flour 300 g 420 g 500 g
Salt 24 g 35 g 40 g
Eggs 3 4 5
Milk 420 ml 550 ml 700 ml
Sausage meat 360 g 500 g 600 g

6 This is a scale diagram of a classroom. 6 cm


The length of the classroom is 6 m.

a Express the scale as a ratio in its 2 cm


simplest terms.

b What is the width of the classroom?

7 John’s pattern 3, 7, 11, 15, 19, 23

Mandy’s pattern 5, 8, 11, 15, 17, 20, 23

a What is the rule to produce John’s pattern?

b What is the fifteenth term of John’s pattern?

c Mandy has made an error in her pattern. Find the error and correct it.
How did you find the error?

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Test 1

8 James and Zoe have exactly the same number of sweets.

James has
two bags
plus thirteen
loose sweets

Zoe has
five bags
plus one
loose sweet

Each bag contains the same number of sweets.

a Form an equation.

b Solve it to find the number of sweets in each bag.

9 A man buys B bananas at Y pence. The total cost is 48 pence.

a Form an equation to show this.

b Use your equation to find the value of B when Y = 6p.

c Use your equation to find the value of Y when B = 12.

10 Complete the table and then draw the graph of f(x) = x2 -6.

x -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
y

11 This is the net to make a die.

1 5
3 6
3 2
x

a Opposite faces of die add up to 7, complete the numbers on the net.

b Look at the edge marked x indicate, using the letter Y, the other edge this will
touch when the die is folded.

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Test 2

Test 2

1 a Name this quadrilateral. b Fill in the missing angles.

70° 30°

2 This is a regular hexagon. Find the size of each angle shown.


Explain how you found each angle. You must not use a protractor.

3 Find the size of angles a, b and c. You must not use a protractor.

130° 40°

a b

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Test 2

4 This is a diagram of a garden with an ornamental pond.


The remainder of the garden is a lawn.

20 m

Pond 6m
3m
10 m
3m
6m

2m

6m

a What is the perimeter of the pond?

b What is the area of the pond?

c What is the perimeter of the garden?

d What is the area of the lawn?

5 30

28

26

24

22

20

18
T''
16

14

12

10

8 T
6

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30

a Enlarge T by a scale factor of 4, centre of enlargement is the point (16, 4)

b T’’ is produced from T by an enlargement.

i What is the centre of enlargement?


ii What is the scale factor of the enlargement?

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Test 2

6 These are the heights (in centimetres) of twenty people in a room:


153 132 140 162 135 171 169 145 173 152
163 169 177 137 147 143 150 152 165 155

Complete and show this information in:

a A frequency table b A frequency diagram

Height (cm) Tally Frequency


5
130 - under 140
140 - under 150 4

130 140 150

7 Sixty people were asked to name their favourite television programme. Complete
the table and pie chart to show the information. Label each sector of the pie chart.

Programme Frequency Angle at the centre of the pie chart


Coronation Street 19
Eastenders 17
Brookside 10
Emmerdale 14

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Test 2

8 a What does this scatter graph tell you


about the relationship between the
xx

Temperature
number of people on a beach and the xxx
temperature? x
x
xx
b What sort of correlation is shown? x
xx
x
Number of people on a beach

9 a Paul decides to buy one ice-cream and one sandwich.


List all of the possible combinations of ice-cream and sandwich Paul can buy.

Ice-cream flavours Sandwiches


Raspberry Ham
Vanilla Chicken
Salad

b This bag contains some red, yellow and blue counters.

The probability of picking a red counter is 20%, the probability of picking a


yellow counter is 50%.

i What is the probability of picking a blue counter?

ii Explain how you worked this out.

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 National Curriculum references

National Curriculum references

Exam paper

Question
Number and Algebra Level 6 Topic title

Pupils order and approximate decimals when solving Trial and improvement 1 1
numerical problems and equations such as x2 = 20,
using trial-and-improvement methods.

Pupils are aware of which number to consider as 100 Calculating fractions and percentages 1 1 2
per cent, or a whole, in problems involving Calculating fractions and percentages 2 1 3
comparisons, and use this to evaluate one number as
a fraction or percentage of another.

They understand and use the equivalences between Equivalences between decimals and
fractions, decimals and percentages, and calculate percentages 1 4
using ratios in appropriate situations. Equivalences between decimals, fractions
and percentages 1 4
Ratio 1 1 5
Ratio 2 1 6

When exploring number patterns, pupils find and Explore number patterns 1 7
describe in words the rule for the next term or nth
term of a sequence where the rule is linear.

They formulate and solve linear equations with whole Solving linear equations 1 8
number coefficients. Formulating linear equations 1 9

They represent mappings expressed algebraically, Graphical representation 1 10


interpreting general features and using graphical
representation in four quadrants where appropriate.

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 National Curriculum references

Exam paper

Question
Shape Space and Measures Level 6 Topic title

Pupils recognise and use common 2-D representations 2-D representation of 3-D shapes 1 11
of 3-D objects.

They know and use the properties of quadrilaterals in Properties of quadrilaterals 2 1


classifying different types of quadrilateral.

They solve problems using angle and symmetry Regular polygons 2 2


properties of polygons and properties of intersecting Intersecting and parallel lines 2 3
and parallel lines, and explain these properties.

They devise instructions for a computer to generate Not included. Suggestion:


and transform shapes and paths. Use a computer package eg DART – –

They understand and use appropriate formulae for Circumferences and area of a circle, areas
finding circumferences and areas of circles, areas of and volumes 2 4
plane rectilinear figures and volumes of cuboids when
solving problems.

They enlarge shapes by a positive whole-number scale Enlargement 2 5


factor.

Handling Data Level 6


Pupils collect and record continuous data, choosing Collect and record continuous data in
appropriate equal class intervals over a sensible range frequency tables and frequency diagrams 2 6
to create frequency tables. They construct and
interpret frequency diagrams.

They construct pie charts. Constructing pie charts 2 7

Pupils draw conclusions from scatter diagrams, and Scatter diagrams 2 8


have a basic understanding of correlation.

When dealing with a combination of two experiments, Probability 2 9


pupils identify all the outcomes, using diagrammatic,
tabular or other forms of communication. In solving
problems, they use their knowledge that the total
probability of all the mutually exclusive outcomes of
an experiment is 1.

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KS3 Mathematics B: Level 6 Pupil’s record form

Pupil’s record form


Name: _____________________________ Form:___________________
Teacher: ____________________________ Test marks: ______________

Exercises Exam Exam questions


completed paper answered

Number and Algebra


Trial and improvement 1 1
Calculating fractions and percentages 1 1 2
Calculating fractions and percentages 2 1 3
Equivalences between decimals and
percentages 1 4
Equivalences between decimals,
fractions and percentages 1 4
Ratio 1 1 5
Ratio 2 1 6
Explore number patterns 1 7
Solving linear equations 1 8
Formulating linear equations 1 9
Graphical representation 1 10

Shape, Space and Measures


2-D representation of 3-D shapes 1 11
Properties of quadrilaterals 2 1
Regular polygons 2 2
Intersecting and parallel lines 2 3
Circumference and area of a circle,
areas and volumes 2 4
Enlargement 2 5

Handling Data
Collect and record continuous data
in frequent tables and frequency
diagrams 2 6
Constructing pie charts 2 7
Scatter diagrams 2 8
Probability 2 9

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6

Answers
Trial and improvement (page 4)
1 2.24 2 4.47 3 4.12
4 6.71 5 3.27 6 2.5
7 3.6
8 a 4 b 6 c 2
d 7 e 10 f 15
g 18 h 7 i 20
j 10

Calculating fractions and percentages (page 6)


1 15% 2 12.5% 3 40%
4 56%
5 a 63/4 b 111/4 c 41/2
d 101/8 e £6 f £135
g £157.50 h £180 i £236.25
6 a £4 b £8 c £3
d £5 e £4.20 f £5.20
g 8.40 h 10.60 i 14.20
7 a 50% b 25% c 45%
d 60% e 90% f 85%
g 34% h 36% i 41%
j 65%
8 7%

Calculating fractions and percentages (page 8)


1 a £24 b £320 c £304
d £4 e £2.40 f £12.80
g £3.60 h £2.88 i £5.76
j £4.28 k £6.12 l £16.04
2 a i £840 ii £1595 iii £1110
iv £3437.50
b i £40 000 ii £80 000 iii £32 000
iv £110 000 v £29 000 vi £98 000
3 a £460 b £483 c AA Electrics, £23 less

Equivalences between decimals and percentages (page 10)


1 a 0.38 b 0.23 c 0.06
d 0.26 e 0.8 f 0.05
g 0.45 h 0.03 i 0.6
j 0.07 k 0.0232 l 0.25
m 0.485 n 0.4 o 0.005

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Answers

p 0.5 q 0.036 r 0.75


s 0.2732 t 0.368
2 a 27% b 72% c 47%
d 54% e 63% f 60%
g 3% h 90% i 27.2%
j 45.3% k 10% l 1%
m 2% n 24% o 40%
p 372% q 201% r 410%
s 0.72% t 10.4%
3 a 50% b 25% c 75%
d 33.3% e 0.667 f 0.125
g 0.1 h 0.01

Equivalences between decimals, fractions and percentages (page 12)


1 a 39/50 b 93/100 c 47/100

d 3/5 e 4/5 f 1/20

g 7/100 h 49/50 i 63/100

2 a 0.25 b 0.6 c 0.875


d 0.625 e 0.3 f 0.7
g 0.58 h 0.87 i 0.2875
3 a 0.5625, 56.25% b 17/50, 34% c 51/200, 0.255
d 28/125, 22.4% e 0.875, 87.5% f 1/25, 4%
4 a 75% b 50% c 37.5%
d 80% e 10% f 20%
g 93.75% h 62.5% i 85%
5 a 1/4 b 47/100 c 7/25

d 37/100 e 39/100 f 427/1000

g 3/5 h 3/10 i 2/25

Ratio 1 (page 14)


1 a 60 g, 240 ml, 1 egg b 180 g, 720 ml, 3 eggs c 300 g, 1200 ml, 5 eggs
2 a 220 g, 25 g, 1 onion, 300 g, 175 g b 660 g, 75 g, 3 onions, 900 g, 525 g
c 1100 g, 125 g, 5 onions, 1500 g, 875 g
3 a 1:4 b 1:2 c 5:3
d 5:2 e 6:4:3 f 3:5:7
4 a 8 b 12 c 3
d 4.5 e 7.6
5 a 5 cm b 8.2 cm c 13.5 cm

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Answers

Ratio 2 (page 16)


1 a 2:3 b 5:6 c 3:2
d 5:1
2 a 1:50 b 1:1000 c 1:2000
d 1:200 e 1:1600 f 1:750
3 £1125, £1500, £1875
4 £3500, £4200
5 a 440 b 80, 160, 200
6 a 50 cm b 30 m c 2.5 cm
d 0.5 cm e 12 m

Explore number patterns (page 18)


1 a 2N b 30 c 254
2 a 6N b 90 c 762
3 a 3N b 45 c 381
4 a 4N-2 b 58 c 506
5 a 5N-2 b 73 c 633
6 a 2N+3 b 33 c 257
7 a 3N+1 b 46 c 382
8 a 4N-7 b 53 c 501
9 a 3N-8 b 37 c 373
10 a 5N+22 b 97 c 657
11 a 5N+1 b 76 c 636
12 a 8N-5 b 115 c 1011
13 5, 8, 11, 14, 17 14 11, 15, 19, 23, 27 15 3, 5, 7, 9, 11
16 5, 11, 17, 23, 29 17 -1, 2, 5, 8, 11 18 -8, -6, -4, -2, 0

Solving linear equations (page 20)


1 3 2 13 3 2
4 -5 5 -11 6 -14
7 4 8 7 9 6
10 2 11 0.5 12 0.2
13 -1 14 -6 15 -3
16 4 17 5 18 -4
19 -6 20 -0.5 21 4
22 5 23 2 24 4
25 2 26 4 27 6
28 -3 29 -3 30 5
31 15 32 32 33 14
34 12 35 2 36 8
37 16 38 9 39 8
40 4

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Answers

Formulating linear equations (page 22)


1 7 2 36 3 9
4 9 5 26 6 250
7 16 8 36 9 8
10 £40

Graphical representation (page 24)


2 a 5, 0, -3, -4, -3, 0, 5 b -7, -2, 1, 2, 1, -2, -7 c -1.5, -4, -5.5, -6, -5.5, -4, -1.5
3 a 9, 7, 5, 3, 1, -1, -3 b 22, 7, -2, -5, -2, 7, 22 c 7.5, 5, 3.5, 3, 3.5, 5, 7.5
d 6, 3, 2, 3, 6, 11, 18

2-D representation of 3-D shapes (page 26)


1 cylinder 2 c and d

Properties of quadrilaterals (page 29)


1 a rectangle b rhombus c trapezium
d parallelogram e square
2 a rhombus b parallelogram c kite
d rectangle e trapezium f square
3 a 118° b a = 50°, b = 130°, c = 130°
c d = e = 140°

Regular polygons, intersecting and parallel lines (page 33)


1 a 72°, 108° b 60°, 120° c 40°, 140°
d 36°, 144° e 30°, 150°
2 a 8 b 15 c 20
3 a 36 b 30 c 18
4 a x = 60°, y = 120° b b = e = g = 50°, a = c = d = f = 130°
c x = z = 45°, y = 135° d a = 110°
e a = 80°, b = 40°, c = 60° f x = 50°

Circumference and area of a circle, areas and volumes (page 35)


1 a 31.4 cm, 78.5 cm2 b 75.4 m, 452 m2 c 44.0 m, 154 m2
d 20.1 cm, 32.2 cm2 e 37.7.cm, 113 cm2 f 62.8 m, 314 m2
g 28.3 cm, 63.6 cm2 h 15.1 m, 18.1 m2
2 264 m2
3 a 235 m b 2372 m2
4 a 54 m b 138 m2
5 228 m2

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Answers

Enlargement (page 38)


1 top left hand coordinate is (13, 12)
2 top left hand coordinate is (5, 13)
3 top left hand coordinate is (8, 30)
4 (5, 10) SF2
5 (6, 17) SF3

Collect and record continuous data (page 40)


1
130 – under 140 4
140 – under 150 5
150 – under 160 7
160 – under 170 4

Constructing pie charts (page 42)


1 112°, 32°, 100°, 116°
2 36°, 72°, 96°, 84°, 72°
3 210°, 90°, 40°, 20°
4 150°, 80°, 60°, 70°

Scatter diagrams (page 44)


1 a positive correlation
2 a no correlation
3 a negative correlation
4 b positive correlation

Probability (page 46)


3 UU, UD, DU, DD
4 CB, CP, LB, LP, OB, OP
5 b 36 c i 5/36 ii 6/36 = 1/6

6 a 3/11 b 8/11

7 0.98

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Answers

Test 1 (page 47)


1 table (2 marks)
3.7 (2 marks)
2 a Andrea (2 marks)
b explanation (1 mark)
c Deborah (2 marks)
d explanation (1 mark)
3 a Black’s £300 (2 marks)
White’s £320 (2 marks)
b Black’s £20 (2 marks)
4 Question 2 5 ÷ 16 x 100 = 31.25% (2 marks)
correct explanation (1 mark)
Question 5 0.7% = 0.007 (2 marks)
decimal point moved the wrong way (1 mark)
5 8 people wrong. Should be 400 g, 32 g, 4, 560 ml, 480 g (3 marks)
6 a 1:100 (1 mark)
b 2m (1 mark)
7 a 4N-1 (2 marks)
b 59 (2 marks)
c 5, 8, 11, 14, 17, 20, 23 (2 marks)
add 3 each time (1 mark)
8 a 2B+13 = 5B+1 (2 marks)
b 4 (2 marks)
9 a BY = 48 (2 marks)
b B=8 (1 mark)
c Y=4 (1 mark)
10 3, -2, -5, -6, -5, -2, 3 (2 marks)
correct graph (2 marks)
y
11
5 4

a (2 marks)
6 b (2 marks)
Total 50 marks

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Answers

Test 2 (page 50)


1 a trapezium (1 mark)
b x = y = 130° (2 marks)
2 a 120° + explanation (2 marks)
b 30° + explanation (2 marks)
c 90° + explanation (2 marks)
3 a 50° (1 mark)
b 40° (1 mark)
c 90° (1 mark)
4 a 30.8 m (2 marks)
b 64.3 m2 (3 marks)
c 60 m (2 marks)
d 98.7 m2 (3 marks)
5 a top left corner (4, 24) (3 marks)
b i (10, 4) (2 marks)
ii SF3 (2 marks)
6 a frequency 3, 4, 5, 5, 3 (3 marks)
b correct diagram (3 marks)
7 114°, 102°, 60°, 84° (4 marks)
pie chart (3 marks)
8 a higher the temperature, the more people on the beach (2 marks)
b positive (1 mark)
9 a RH, RC, RS, VH, VC, VS (2 marks)
b i 30% (2 marks)
ii must add up to 100% (1 mark)
Total 50 marks

Blocks (page 54)


A Triangle numbers, Formula H(H+1)
2
Height of 10 = 55
Height of 20 = 210
Height of 100 = 5050
B Formula H(H+1)
Height of 16 = 272
Height of 30 = 930
Height of 200 = 40200
C Square numbers Formula H2
Height of 10 = 100
Height of 15 = 225
Height of 100 = 10000

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6 Answers

Diamonds (page 55)


Stage Square Stage Square Stage Squares Stage Squares
2 4 3 4 5 4 9 4
4 12 6 12 10 12
7 12 11 12
8 36 12 36
13 12
14 36
15 36
16 108
Diamond squares at stages: 2, 4, 8, 16 32, etc.

Note: Stage 5 = Stage 9


Stage 6 = Stage 10
Stage 7 = Stage 11
Stage 8 = Stage 12
Stage 5 x 3 = Stage 13
Stage 6 x 3 = Stage 14
Stage 7 x 3 = Stage 15
Stage 8 x 3 = Stage 16

The Symmetry Puzzle (page 57)

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KS3 Mathematics C: Level 6

Contents

Introduction ............................................................................................ 1

Number and Algebra


Trial and improvement ................................................................................. 3
Calculating fractions and percentages ........................................................ 5
Equivalences between decimals and percentages ...................................... 9
Equivalences between decimals, fractions and percentages ...................... 11
Ratio 1 ........................................................................................................ 13
Ratio 2 ........................................................................................................ 15
Explore number patterns ............................................................................. 17
Solving linear equations............................................................................... 19
Formulating linear equations ....................................................................... 21
Graphical representation.............................................................................. 23

Shape, Space and Measures


2-D representations of 3-D shapes .............................................................. 25
Properties of quadrilaterals .......................................................................... 27
Regular polygons ......................................................................................... 31
Intersecting and parallel lines ...................................................................... 32
Circumference and area of a circle, area and volumes................................ 34
Enlargement................................................................................................. 36

Handling Data
Collect and record continuous data in frequency tables and
frequency diagrams ................................................................................ 39
Constructing pie charts ................................................................................ 41
Scatter diagrams .......................................................................................... 43
Probability .................................................................................................... 45

Tests .................................................................................................................. 47

Activity and investigation


Blocks ........................................................................................................... 54
Diamonds ..................................................................................................... 55
The Symmetry Puzzle ................................................................................... 57

National Curriculum references ............................................................ 58

Pupil’s record form ................................................................................ 60

Answers ........................................................................................................... 61

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