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Review: Seqvitvr Natvra Avivm

Reviewed Work(s): Ornithologia Latina by Filippo Capponi

Review by: W. Geoffrey Arnott
Source: The Classical Review, New Series, Vol. 31, No. 2 (1981), pp. 269-272
Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Classical Association
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Accessed: 18-04-2018 07:58 UTC

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Lexikon-Fragment des Papyrus-Codex PSI

Lemmata auf Ov-).
3330 (3./4. Jh.). Sortes Astrampsychi (Bro
2832. Die 34 Zeilen umfassende Kolumne enthalt die Dekaden 50, 10-54, 3.
3331 (3. Jh.). Aisop-Roman (Haslam): Reste von 21 Zeilen (und ein kleines
Bruchstuck). Episode vom sexuellen Umgang Aisops mit der Frau seines Herren
Xanthos, ?75/76 Perry. Diese Episode ist sonst nur in einem Codex aus dem 15. Jh.
(und in einer lateinischen Ubersetzung des 14. Jh.) erhalten. Der neue Text
unterscheidet sich in Wortlaut und Einzelheiten betrachtlich von dem bisher
3360. An dieser Stelle sei der bedeutsame Papyrus besprochen, der am Ende des
Bandes unter den wieder-edierten Stiicken steht. Es ist der Anfang einer Liste von
Hypereides-Reden (2./3. Jh., ediert von E. G. Turner). Zunachst ist der Umfang des
Werkes mit 16 Banden (Troot) bzw. 30000 Zeilen (UaiXOL) angegeben, dann folgt
'incipit' derjeweiligen Rede mit Titelangabe. Erhalten sind die Titel [7rpos TlJAaTratis
V7Trp TrcV OpLWV - [7rpE?]fEVTLKOS ELS 'HAlV V7rp KaAAXXrTTOV - [KaT'a A]711a8{l}ov
7rapav6topv (Erstausgabe: Collectanea Papyrologica I (Bonn, 1976), 53 ff.).
Aus der groBen Zahl dokumentarischer Papyri (3332-59), von denen etwa die Halfte
R. Coles ediert hat, werden im folgenden nur zwei besprochen (von ihnen sind auch
Photos beigefugt).
3332 (53 n. Chr.). Vermogens-Erklarung (Browne): Vollstandig erhaltener Papyrus.
Eine Frau namens Tamaron richtet eine Erklarung fiber Besitz an Hausern und
Weinland an Thrakidas, den Gymnasiarchen und Bybliophylax der Bibliothek im
Arsinoites. Diese und die an denselben Thrakidas gerichteten Erklarungen P. Mich.
IX 539 und 540 sind die altesten bisher publizierten Vermogens-Erklarungen.
3356 (76 n. Chr.). Privatbrief (Browne). Das Stuck ist bemerkenswert wegen seiner
vollstandigen Erhaltung, seines literarischen Stils und auch wegen der ungewohnlichen
Art der Beschriftung. Ein etwa 9 cm breiter und 20.5 cm langer Streifen ist aus der
Langsrichtung einer Rolle (iiber eine Kollesis hinweg) geschnitten und beim
Beschreiben aufrecht gestellt.
Die Edition beschlieBen weitere, schon andererseits edierte dokumentarische
Papyri, 3361-7, von denen hier der erste, die constitutio des Antoninus Pius (Editor
J. D. Thomas), hervorgehoben sei.
Es folgen die iiblichen Indices (hergestellt von Helen Cockle). Am Anfang des
Bandes (S. XV-XX) steht eine lange Liste von Erganzungen und Verbesserungen zu
fruheren Papyrus-Editionen der verdienten Egypt Exploration Society.



FILIPPO CAPPONI: Ornithologia Latina. (Pubblicazioni dell'Istit

di Filologia Classica e Medievale dell'Universita di Genova, 58.)
526. Genoa, 1979. Paper.
Between 1959 and 1977 Filippo Capponi published a series of articles in Latom
Latin bird names and related subjects, and these studies have now culminate
authoritative Ornithologia Latina, the first dictionary of ancient bird nomencla
be compiled by a competent Latinist with first-hand experience of modern

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ornithology. In a brief preface Capponi review

particularly D'Arcy Thompson (A Glossary of
J. Andre (Les noms d'oiseaux en latin, 1967). T
an analyser of information, and his ornitholog
been refuted or outdated by modern research on
shines brilliantly as philologist and Latinist, l
like Andre, lists and discusses the Latin bird
far fuller and generally more systematic in t
heading. He begins on each occasion by discu
then he records and discusses the relevant
material in a consistent order wherever pos
breeding, cry, etc.), and paying due attention
an imaginative emendator) and to the reliabi
necessary, he discusses the identification.
The high quality of this dictionary is foun
Latinity, partly on the sobriety and good sens
on an ornithological expertise which is not l
includes personal acquaintance with many sp
his identifications confirm the suggestions of h
one of the parties in a dispute, but he does pr
interpreting acredula (= oAoAvycov) as Nigh
Theocritus and Other Hellenistic Poets (1979),
Scythica auis as Imperial or Steppe Eagle. Fr
areas blighted by wild suggestions. Thus (s
OaAaaaca may well be nothing more than the
the Italian shoreline as the Carrion Crow is on
(s.v. merula) is likely to have belonged t
Lindermayer, Die Vigel Griechenlands (Passa
Ar. Av. (1906), p. xxx); and Lesbia's pet p
domesticated House Sparrow. Scientific expe
blems (e.g.: s.v. coruus, the facts behind the
the facts behind id. 10.69 and 197), and Capp
helps with others (e.g.: s.vv. capys,ficedula). A
have opted for superficially attractive or ove
data, Capponi usually prefers sceptical rest
undervalued art, the ars nesciendi (e.g.: s.v
It would, however, be tedious simply to list t
which, by their combination of traditional
ornithological experience, present the best
ancient bird or group of birds. The discussion
for instance, are exemplary, while the analysis
predators subsumed under the class aquila/&
All the more pity, therefore, that certain fa
the usefulness of the dictionary, especially to
index and introduction. Before they can u
effectiveness, non-specialists need to be instru
sources, to estimate the quality of the elder Pl
or supplement material in the Aristotelian
understand the limits of ancient classifica

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remarks scattered throughout the body of his b

was to have provided the desired introduction, but
Secondly, although Capponi shows himself to be
right, he generally buttresses his own observatio
twentieth-century ornithology, Count E. Arr
(Milan, 1929), which was an admirable work in
not been superseded for the Italian avifauna, ev
degli uccelli italiani, 1945), but since the last w
on various sections of the Mediterranean avifau
unaware: for instance, A. Kanellis (ed.), Catal
(Thessaloniki, 1969), for Greece; the Bird Repo
Turkey (1968 onwards), for that country; D.
Cyprus (1958); and R. D. Etch6copar and F. Hu
(Paris, 1964; English translation by P. A. D. H
ness is in fact bibliographical; he fails to refer
both classical and ornithological. The third fail
ignorance of modern non-Italian taxonomical res
non-Italians in particular. Capponi recognizes th
will expect to check his identifications not from
from the scientific binomials which he accord
Unfortunately, at least 28 of the binomials give
modern taxonomists, and so those scholars who
lists will find in them no reference to the rejec
the Orphean Warbler (pp. 232 f.) is now-Sylvi
Spur-winged Plover (pp. 468, 492) is Vanellus s
Such faults dim but do not extinguish the dict
faults resemble warts on a fair face, minor di
although Capponi is generally judicious and r
occasionally suffers a rush of blood to his head,
as the African Crowned Crane, although this bi
Furthermore, a number of the identifications d
(which is rufous, not yellow-green), and the nou
Thrush (here D'A. Thompson's suggestion of
periodical irruptions into Western Europe, seem
are occasional inconsistencies (compare the discu
and 369 f.), a few jarring errors (Capponi genera
the author of the avian sections of HA), and too
deserves a warm welcome for what it achieves
the standard work of reference in its field.
Finally, some comments on details. Alcyon: for
see JHS 99 (1979), 193. Aquila: on the rrTyapyos
cf. CQ n.s. 29 (1979), 7 f. Attagen, catta: on the
from Europe, see Kanellis, pp. 55 f., with biblio
places, pace Capponi; cf. H. Kumerloeve, Vogel
BR (1970-73), 92; Salim Ali and S. D. Ripley, H
Pakistan II (Oxford, 1969), p. 23. Cheneros: th
British. Coccyx: the correspondence in colour
the parasitized species has, pace Capponi, been
Cuckoo Problems, 1942). Coturnix: Alexand
differentiation in Quails (in Ath. 9. 392c) has be

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Swifts do frequent towns, as any summer visit

verify. Dryocolaptes and picus: the larger ladd
HA 61434-b17 and elsewhere is more likely i
Woodpecker or the Syrian Woodpecker, and the K
see CQ n.s. 27 (1977), 335 f., 337. Ganta: I shou
goose of Pliny, HN 10. 53 as the East Europe
rubirostris), which is very pale grey on the bell
been persuaded by Capponi to change the view
ff. Gromphaena: Pliny's observation (HN 30.
reported in Sardinia but now unknown there'
furtive bird superficially similar to a Crane, and
and West Sardinia. Hirundo: on Virgil, Georgics
with the Birds (1889), p. 250, and G&R 14 (1967
days and nights' song period, see JHS 99 (1979
of the bird's cry) suits only the Black Kite's no
(HN 10. 76) that the Little Owl is not found in
today a 'regelmassiger Brutvogel; auf Kreta nur
bird's song at death, see now G&R 24 (1977), 149
Rock Partridge but also the Chukar; see now C
needs correction to 'Mysia'. Praepes: the Shor
Europe (S. Cramp and K. E. L. Simmons, The B
96 f.). Psittacus and siptace: on the identificatio
Apuleius, see also CQ n.s. 14 (1964), 261 n. 1. Pyr
colouring of the Palm or Laughing Dove (Strep
far too many yellow songbirds from India for a
the Orange-bellied Chloropsis has the most attr
f.). Strophilus, trochilus: the Egyptian Plover is st
identification of the 'crocodile bird'; cf. Etch
among crocodiles as we have witnessed... and ev
to be pure legend that the bird is of service to

University of Leeds W. GEOFFREY ARNOTT


Since writing the above review, I have learnt that several of

in it (the lack of an introduction and index, some modern b
were due to the long period of serious illness which the aut
stages of his work and during publication. Readers of his im
will wish, I am sure, to join me in wishing Professor Cappo
equal success in his projected work on the tenth book of P

1 To find these outdated binomials and so identify the species, use

to consult H. F. Witherby (and others), The Handbook of British B

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