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KA40102 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING

BK16110267 NURUL HUDA BINTI MUHAMAD FAUZI

TRAFFIC FLOW 1

1. Evaluate journey and running speeds for the following situation and interpret the
result:

Average Total Travel Time including Delay due to Traffic = 32 minutes


Average Delays at each Junction:-

J1 = 5 min
J2 = 5 min
J3 = 3 min
J4 = 4 min
J5 = 6 min

Solution

Average Journey Speed = 8km 


 1h  60min  15 km h
32min

Average Running Speed


= 8km 
 1h  60min  53.3 km h
32min - (5min  5min  3min  4min  6min)

Interpretation
Since Journey Speed less than Running speed, this proven that the drivers
experience heavy traffic flow and inefficient traffic control system at
junctions.

2. Computation of Time Mean Speed (TMS) AND Space Mean Speed (SMS)

Vehicle No. Distance, d (ft) Travel Time, t (s) Speed (ft/s)


1 1,000 18 55.6
2 1,000 20 50.0
3 1,000 22 45.5
4 1,000 19 52.6
5 1,000 20 50.0
6 1,000 20 50.0
Total 6,000 119 303.7
Average 1,000 19.8 50.6

TMS = 50.6 ft/s


SMS = 1,000 / 19.8 = 50.4 ft/s

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KA40102 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
BK16110267 NURUL HUDA BINTI MUHAMAD FAUZI

TRAFFIC FLOW 2
1. Assuming that speed and density has a linear relationship. It was noted that on a
length of highway the free speed was 80km/h and the jam density was 70veh/km.

a) What is the maximum flow which could expected on this highway


b) At what speed it would occur

Solution

uf  k j
a) Max flow, q max 
4

80 km h  70 veh km
q max   1400 veh h
4

uf
b) When q max 
2

80 km h
q max   40 km h
2

2. Given

q1 = 1380veh/h ; u1 = 19.2km/h
q2 = 1100veh/h ; u2 = 22.8km/h

a) Determine the density for each flow


b) What is the qmax

Solution

Assuming the speed and density has linear relationship

a) Flow, q = Speed x Density

q  usk
q
k
us

1380 veh h
k1   71.9 veh km
19.2 km h
1100 veh h
k2   48.2 veh km
22.8 km h

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KA40102 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
BK16110267 NURUL HUDA BINTI MUHAMAD FAUZI

uf
b) us  uf  k [1]
kj

Substitute the value of u1, u2, k1, k2, q1 and q2 into equation [1]

uf
19.2  u f  71.9 [2]
kj
uf
22.8  u f  48.2 [3]
kj

Solve equation [2] and [3],

uf = 30.13km/h
kj = 198.22km/h

uf  k j 30.13  198.22
q max    1493 veh h
4 4

3. A study on traffic flow has been conducted at Lebuhraya Semporna-Tawau.


Based on the data collection, the free speed at this highway was 105km/h,
meanwhile the jam speed was 3/4 compared to the free speed. Please calculate
the maximum flow and speed at the maximum flow.

Given

q1 = 1120veh/h ; u1 = 18.3km/h
q2 = 1500veh/h ; u2 = 30.0km/h

a) Determine the density for each flow


b) What is the qmax

Solution

Assuming the speed and density has linear relationship

a) Flow, q = Speed x Density

q  usk
q
k
us

1120 veh h
k1   61.2 veh km
18.3 km h

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KA40102 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
BK16110267 NURUL HUDA BINTI MUHAMAD FAUZI

1500 veh h
k2   50.0 veh km
30.0 km h

uf
b) us  uf  k [1]
kj

Substitute the value of u1, u2, k1, k2, q1 and q2 into equation [1]

uf
18.3  u f  61.2 [2]
kj
uf
30.0  u f  50.0 [3]
kj

Solve equation [2] and [3],

uf = 82.83km/h
kj = 78.72km/h

uf  k j 82.83  78.72
q max    1618.29 veh h
4 4

FREEWAY AND HIGHWAY LEVEL OF SERVICE (LOS)

Determine the typical LOS for Jalan Tun Fuad Stephen near Asia City. The details of
the road are given as follows:

Geometry Other
11ft. lane width PHF = 0.95
3 lanes for one direction Volume = 4000 veh/h
Interchange per mile = 1.5 2% trucks
Left lateral clearance = 5ft. 3% buses
Right lateral clearance = 4ft. Driver population = 1.0 (commuters)
Type of terrain = Level

Step 1 : Compute FFS

BFFS = base free-flow speed, 70 mph (urban), 75 mph (rural)

FFS  BFFS  f LW  f LC  f N  f 10

fLW = 1.9 mi/h

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KA40102 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
BK16110267 NURUL HUDA BINTI MUHAMAD FAUZI

fLC = 0.9 mi/h

fN = 3.0 mi/h

fID = 5.0 mi/h

FFS  70  1.9  0.8  3.0  5.0  59.3 mi h

Step 2 : Compute Flow Rate

V
vp 
PHF  N  f HV  f P
1
f HV 
1  PT (E T  1)  PR (E R  1)

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KA40102 TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
BK16110267 NURUL HUDA BINTI MUHAMAD FAUZI

1
f HV   0.98
 2  3
1  (1.5  1)  0
 100 

4000
vp   1432.15 pc ln hr
0.95  3  0.98  1.0

Step 3 : Compute Density using Flow Rate and Speed

S = FFS = 59.3 mi/h

vp
Density, D 
S
1432.15
D  24.15 pc mi ln
59.3

Step 4 : Determine LOS