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INDONESIA

1. Tradisyunal na Kasuotan
Batik
that is traditionally made using a manual wax-resist dyeing technique to form
intricate patterns.
a large piece of intricately decorated cloth used by javanese women as kemben or
torso wrap.
a cloth were wrapped around the hips with multiple folds in front called wiron, while
the upper torso wear kebaya fitted dress.
traditionally for men, the edge of batik cloth also can be sewn together to make a
tubular cloth as sarong, or wrapped around hips as kain in fashion similar to women's.

Kebaya
national costume of women from Indonesia, although it is more accurately endemic
to the javanese, sundanese and balinese peoples.
sometimes made from sheer material such as silk, thin cotton or semi-
transparent nylon or polyester, adorned with brocade or floral pattern embroidery.
usually worn with a sarong or batik kain panjang, or other traditional woven
garment such as ikat, songket with a colorful motif.
usually worn during official national events by indonesian first lady, wives of
indonesian diplomats, and indonesian ladies.
worn by indonesian ladies attending traditional ceremonies and weddings.
in kartini day on 21 april indonesian women usually wear kebaya to celebrate and
honor the indonesian women emancipation heroine.
during balinese traditional ceremonies, balinese women wore colorful balinese
style kebaya with songket bali.

Peci
also known as songkok or kopiah, is a cap traditionally worn by male muslims in
the indonesian archipelago. Quite similar to the turkish-egyptian fez.
in Indonesia, the black velvet peci has become the national headdress with secular
nationalist connotations made popular by sukarno.
a number of indonesian nationalist movement activists in the early 20th century,
such as sukarno, muhammad hatta and agus salim, wore a peci to convey their
nationalistic sentiments and to demonstrate their indonesian identity.
Indonesian male presidents always wear a peci as part of their official presidential
attire.

2. Musika

The music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical
creativity, as well as subsequent foreign musical influences that shaped contemporary
music scenes of Indonesia.
Nearly thousands of Indonesian islands having its own cultural and artistic history
and character.

Folk music
reflects the diversity of Indonesian culture and Indonesian ethnicity, mostly
use local languages and a mix of western and regional style music and instruments.
is quite diverse, and today embraces pop, rock, house, hip hop and other genres,
as well as distinct Indonesian forms.

Tembang Cianjuran Sunda


also called "seni mamaos cianjuran", or just cianjuran, is a form of sung poetry
which arose in the colonial-era of cianjur.
It was first known as an aristocratic art; The lyrics are typically sung in free verse,
but a more modern version, panambih, is metrical. It is usually the drums.

Jaipongan
a very complex rhythmic dance music from the sundanese people of western java.
rhythm is liable to change seemingly randomly, making dancing difficult for most
listeners. Its instruments are entirely sundanese, completely without imported
instruments. It was invented by artists like gugum gumbira after sukarno prohibited rock
and roll and other western genres in the 1960s.
Gambus
literally means oud, referring to a type of lute or 12-string pear-shaped guitar, is
the middle-eastern-derived islamic vocal and instrumental music.
These traditions began to be incorporated throughout many areas of indonesia by
the 16th century.

Qasidah modern
an ancient Arabic word for religious poetry accompanied by chanting and
percussion.
used to denote a type of orchestra and the music it plays, believed to be introduced
by Muslim settlers from Yemen.
Qasidah modern were derived from Islamic pop, adding local dialects and lyrics
that address Indonesian contemporary issues.

3. Sayaw
Dance in Indonesia reflects the country's diversity of ethnicities and cultures.
There are more than 700 ethnic groups in Indonesia: Austronesian roots
and Melanesian tribal forms are visible, and influences ranging from neighboring Asian
and even western styles through colonization.

4. Panitikan
Indonesian literatures, the poetry and prose writings in Javanese,
Malay, Sundanese, and other languages of the peoples of Indonesia.
They include works orally transmitted and then preserved in written form by the
Indonesian peoples, oral literature, and the modern literatures that began to emerge in
the early 20th century as a result of western influence.

Majapahit Literature at Nagara Kertagama


In the 13th–15th centuries, the east javanese culture reached its zenith.
The best-known work today, mpu prapañca’s desawarnaña, often referred to
as nāgarakertāgama, composed in 1365, which provides us with an unusually detailed
view of daily life in the kingdom’s central provinces.
Nagara Kertagama
By the famous Javanese author Prapancha (1335-1380) was written during this
golden period of Majapahit, when many literary works were produced.
Parts of the book described the diplomatic and economic ties between Majapahit
and numerous southeast Asian countries including Myanmar, Thailand, Tonkin, Annam,
Kampuchea and even India and China.

Saman, Ayu Utami and Sex


The most talked about book in Indonesia in the 1990s was Saman, a novella by
an unknown 27-year-old woman named Ayu Utami.
The book was a success because it dealt with subjects that until that time had been
taboo: political, repression, prejudice towards the Chinese, and premarital sex.

Ang mga Bantog na Manunulat sa Indonesia

1. Pramoedya Ananta Toer


gave back to the world with excellent poise and brilliance.
his works have been translated into 37 languages, including the semi-
autobiographical
-Stories from Blora (1952)
-Buru Quartet.

2. Nh. Dini
daughter of a Javanese batik maker.
her most popular works include
-On a Boat (1972)
-My Name is Hiroko (1977)
-Heart of Peace (1998).
3. Ayu Utami
her unconventional thoughts and ways of living have given her a bold and unique
voice that she expresses with remarkable wit.
Her debut novel, Saman, has been reprinted 34 times and is still one of Indonesia's
most acclaimed literary works.

4. Goenawan Mohammad
This senior author and poet from indonesia has been gracing the literary scene for
decades.
Some of his anthologies, such as parikesit (1969) and interlude (1971), have been
translated into several languages while his series of columns, sidelines (catatan pinggir),
is still widely read and referenced by the younger generation.

5. Mochtar Lubis
Renowned novelist/journalist bears the hallmark of a brilliant author and thinker
during post-independence Indonesia.
His Twilight in Jakarta novel gained acclaims and popularity out of the country
before even being published in Indonesia.
Subversive notes (1980) conveys Lubis’ thoughts and musings during his prison
years, and his other journalistic and literary works have been subjects of important studies
by international scholars.
6. Sapardi Djoko Damono
This senior writer and poet has had a long and successful career publishing
dozens of books and anthologies since 1969 right up to the present.
His last novel, Pingkan Melipat Jarak, was published in 2017, when he was 77
years old, attesting to Sapardi’s productivity and relevance throughout his extensive
career.