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APPENDIX

3
Physical Property Tables
TABLE
BM B.2 B.3 B.4 B.5 B.6 B.7 B.8 B.9 B.10 B.11
Selected Physical Property Data
Heat Capacities
Vapor Pressure of Water
Antoine Eguation Constants
Properties of Saturated Steam: Temperature Table Properties of Saturated Steam: Pressure
Table Properties of Superheated Steam
Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: SI Units Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: U.S.
Customary Units Atomic Heat Capacities for Kopp's Rule
Integral Heats of Solution and Mixing at 25"C
PAGES
628-634 635-637 638-639 640-641 642-643 644-649 650-651 652
652
653
653
627 628 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLEBM1 Selected Physical Property Data
SG Ara (Ta) AR (Ta) Ary (Ah, 3y Compound Formula Mol. Wi. (204) Intl EC) kJ/mol Toy
kJimol TK P.latmy kJimol kJ/mol Acetaldehyde — CEK CHO 4405 0.783” -123.7 — 20.2 23.1
461.0 — —166.2(8) —11924(8) Acetic acid CH:COOH 60.05 1.049 16.6 12.09 118.2 24.39
594.8 SIA —486.18(d) —87I16911) —438.154g) — —919.73(g) Acetone CHO 5808 0.701
—15.0 5.69 560 30.2 508.0 410 — 45.211) —TiSa.T) —216Ng) — —18214t8) Acetylene
CH, 26.04 — — — 81.5 17.6 309.5 61.6 42267513) 1299.61g) Ammonia NH3 17.03 —
1178 5.653 —33.43 23.351 405.5 111.3 —67.2011) —46.1Mg) —382.58(g) Ammonium
NEKOH 35.03 — — — — — — — —366.45tay) — hvdroxide Ammonium MIL NO: 8005
17255 169.6 54 Decomposes at 210PC 365.14(c) — nitrate —399.36fag) Ammonium (NE
hSOh 132.14 1.769 513 — Decomposes at 513”C 1179.3(c) sulfate after melting —1173.
Lag) Aniline C.H:N 9312 1.022 -6.3 — 184.2 — 699 52.4 — — Benzaldehyde SH: CHO
106.12 1.046 —26.0 — 179.0 3840 — — —88.831I) —3520.011) 40.04(2) sa Benzene
CeHs 11 0.879 5.53 9.837 80.10 30.765 562.6 48.6 5486611) —3267.611) 482.931g)
3301.5tg) Benzoic acid CHO, 12212 1.266” 1222 — 2408 — — —- — —3226.7t8)
Benzylalcohol CHO 108.13 1.045 154 — 205.2 — -— — — 374181) Bromine Br 159.83
3.119 —74 10.8 58.6 31.0 584 102 Ol) — 1,2-Butadiene C,H« 54.09 — —136.5 10.1 — 446
— — — 1,3-Butadiene CH, 54,09 — —109.1 — —4.6 — 425 42.7 — — n-Butane CH 5812
— 138.3 4.061 6 22.305 42517 37.47 147.011) 2853.W1) —124.Ttg) —2878.5(g)
Isobutane CH 58.12 — —159.6 4.540 —11.73 21.292 40s.1 36.0 —158.411) —2849.011)
134.5lg) 2868813) 1-Butene CH 56.10 — —1853 3.8480 —6.25 21.916 419.6 39.7 #1179)
—2718.6(g) Calcium Cat, 64.10 2,27” 23200 — — — — — —62.7640) — carbide Calcium
CaCO, 100.09 2.93 Decomposes at 825”C —12016.9fc) -— carhonate Cakcium Cal 110.99
2152!” 782 25.37 #1600 — — — — 7949640) —
chloride Appendix B Physical Property Tables 629
Calcium Cal OH 7410 2.24 (—H0 at 5807) —986.59(€) — hydroxide
Calcium oxide — CaO 56.08 3,32 2570 50 2850 — — — —635.64c) —
Cakium Cas( POj j3 310.19 3.14 1670 — — — — — —413s8te) — phosphate
Calcium CaSiO, 1617 2915 1530 48.62 — — — — —1584ic) — silicate
Calcium CaS Oh 135.15 2.96 — — — — — — 1432.7(e) — sulfatc 1450 4(ag)
Calcium CaSO,2H,0 17218 2.32 (—15 H-0 at 128"C) — — — —20211c) — sulfate
(gypsum)
Carbon 1 12.010 2.26 3601) 46.0 4200 — — — Me) 393.51(c) (graphite)
Carbon Co, 44.01 — 366 8.33 (Sublimes at —78"C) 304.2 72.9 —42.0) — dioxide at 5.2 atm
-303,5(2)
Carbon CS, 76.14 126122727 1121 4.39 46.25 268 552.0 78.0 #87.) 1075.21) disulfide
4#115.312) 1102.61g)
Carbon co 28.01 — —205.1 0.837 —1915 6.042 133.0 34.5 —110.524g) —282.INg)
monoxide
Carbon CCla 15384 1.595 229 2.51 76.7 30.0 556.4 450 139.5) 352.21) tetrachloride
106.7(2) -385.0g)
Chlorine CL To. — —101.00 6406 —34.06 204 417.0 76 O(s) —
Chlorobenzene C,H:CI 11286 107 sis — 132,10 36.5 632.4 446 — —
Chloroethane CGHsCl See ethyl chloride
“Melting point at | atm.
“Heat of fusion at T,, and 1 atm.
“ Boiling point at L atm,
“Heat of vaporization at 7, and 1 atm.
“Critical temperature,
"Critical pressure.
£ Heat of formation at 25”C and | atm.
"Jleat of combustion at 25”C and 1 atm. Standard states of products are COxwg), IKOKI,
SOsg), HCifag). and Nslg). To caleulate AF? with IbO(g) as a product, add
44.01m, to the tabulated value, where mn, — moles HO formed/mole fuel bumned. 'To
convert AT to kcal/mol, divide given value by 4.184, to convert to Btu'/lb-mole, multiply by
430.28. (coninued) 630 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLEBM (Continued)
SG An T an AA (nyi (MAP (AA ya Compound Formula Mol. Wt. (20”/4”) Ta kJ/mol Tr (Cy
kJ/mol Ta(KY — Pelatmy' kJ/mol kJ/mol Chloroform CHCh 119.39 1.489 —63.7 — 61.0
536.0 54.0 —1318G) —334) Copper Cu 63.54 892 1083 13.01 2595 304.6 — Ole) —
Cupric CuSO, 159.61 3.606! Decomposes » 6002C —769.9(c) — sulfate —843.1(ag)
Cyclohexane CeHi» 8416 0.779 67 2.671 80.7 30.1 553.7 40.4 —156.211) —3919.911) —
123.1(0) —3953.0(g) Cyelopentance — CsHip 7013 0.745 —93.4 0.609 49.3 27.30 511.8
44.55 —105.911) —3290.91) -7729) — —3819.5(9) n-Decane CoH»» 14228 0.730 —299
— 173.8 — 619.0 20.8 —249 71) —6778.311) — —6829.7(9) Diethylether — (C2Hs)»0
T4A2 0.708 —116.3 7.30 34.6 26.05 467 35.6 —2728) —212670) Ethane CH 30.07 — —
183.3 2.859 —88.6 14.72 305.4 48.2 —84.67(9) — —1559.N(g) Ethyl acetate C,HsO, 88.10
0.901 —83.8 — 77.0 — 5231 37.8 —463.211) —22464M1) 426.82) — Ethyl alcohol —
C)HsOH 4607 0.789 —114.6 5.021 78.5 38.58 516.3 63.0 —277.63(1) —1366.91)
(Ethanol) —23531(g) —1409.25(g) Ethyl benzene CgHio 106.16 0.867 —94.67 9.163
136.2 35.98 619.7 37.0 —1246(1) —4564.911) t297N(2) — —4607.1(9) Ethyl bromide
C,HsBr 108.98 1.460 —119.1 — 38.2 — 504 61.5 —544(2) — Kthylchloride CosCI 6452
090315 138.3 4452 131 2AI 4604 52.0 105.0(e) — 3-Ethyl CH3 11422 0.717 — — 118.5
34.27 567.0 264 —250.5(1) —5407A1) hexane —210.9(g) —5509.8(g) Tithylene Cot l4
28.05 — 169.2 3.350 103.7 13.54 2831 50.5 452282) 1410.99(2) Ethylene CHO» 62.07
1113!” —13 11.23 197.2 56.9 — — —451.54) —1179.54) glycol —387.1(g) — Ferric oxide
Fe» O3 15970 512 Decomposes at 1560”C 822.2(c) Ferrous oxide — FeO 7185 57 — — —
— — — —266.5(c) — Ferrous FeS 87.92 4.84 1193 — — — — — —95.1(c) — sulfide
Formaldehyde H,CO 30.03 0.815” —92 — —19.3 2448 — — —115.90(g) —563.4613)
Formic acid CHO» 46.03 1.220 8.30 12.68 100.5 46.3 — — —425.5(9) —253.8) 379.248)
— Glycerol CHO: 92.09 1.260” 18.20 18.30 290.0 — — — —665.9(1) —1661.111)
Helium He 4.00 — —269.7 0.02 —268.9 0.084 5.26 2.26 0g) — n-Heptane n-Hexane
Hydrogen Hydrogen bromide Hydrogen chloride Hydrogen cyanide Hydrogen Muoride
Hydrogen sulfide Jodine Iron Lead Lead oxide Magnesium Magnesium chloride Magnesium
hydroxide Magnesium oxide Mercury Methane Methyl acetate Methyl alcohol (Methanol)
Methyl amine Methyl chloride
CG Hic Ce H4
H» HBr
HCI TICN
HF
HS
1
Fe
Pb PbO Mg MgCl,
Mg(OH ) MgO
Hg
CIlh CHO, CH:3OH CII-N
CH3CI
100.20
86.17
2.016 80.92
36.47
27.03
20.0
0.684
0.659
4.93 Tg 118372172 9.5 174 2.325 24 3.65 13.546 0.933 0.792
0.699
—90.59
—09532
259.19 —86
—114:2
—14
—83
—85.5
1133 1535 327.4 886 650 714
2900 38.87 —182.5 —98.9 97.9 —92
—1N
14.03 98.43 13.03 68.74 0.12 252.76 — —67 1.99 —85.0 — 26 — 20 2.38 —60.3 — 184.2
15.1 2800 5.10 1750 M7 1472 92 1120 43.1 1418
Decomposes at 350”C
114 3600 — 356.9 0.94 —161.5 — S7 3.167 647 — —6.9
31.69 28.85
0.904
16.1
18.67
354.0 179.9 213
131.8 136.8
8.179
35.27
540.2 507.9
33.3
324.6
190.70 506.7
513.20 429.9
416.1
88.9
45.8 46.30
78.50
65.80
—224A11) 187818) —198.811) 167.218)
Otg) —36.23(p)
—92.31(8) #130.54(g)
—268.6(8) —316.9(ag, 200) —19.96(g)
Ote) Ote) Otc) —219.2(e) Ole) —641.8(e)
—601.8(e)
Ote) —74.85(8) —409.411)
—238.611) 201.2(g) —28.0(8)
—81.928)
Appendix B Physical Property Tables 631
—4816.91) —4853.5(g) —4163.1(1) —4194.8(g) 285.84(9)
—562.5N(9)
—890.3619) —1595(I)
—726.611)
764.0(9) —10715()
(continued) 632 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLEBA (Continued)
SG AT)" ARA yi (AA) (AA yu Compound Formula Mo Wt.— (2004) Tan C)" k1/mol Ti Cjr
kl/mol TK P.laimy kmol kJimol Methylethyl — C4H3O 7210 0.805 —87A sm 782 320 — Sm
sa —243611) ketone Naphthalene CioHs 128.16 1145 80.0 — 217.8 — — — — —515Xg8)
Nickel Ni 58.69 5.90 1452 — 2900 — — — Ofc) — Nitric acid HNO: 63.02 1.502 —41.6
10.47 86 30.30 — — —173.2311) — —206.57tag) Nitrobenzene C,HsOJN 123.11 1.203 5.5
— 210.7 — — — — —3092.81L) Nitrogen N, 28.02 — —210.0 0.720 —195.8 5.577 126.20
33.5 02) — Nitrogen NO: 46.01 — —9.3 7.335 213 14.73 4310 100.0 433.88) — dioxide
Nitric oxide NO 30.01 — - 163.6 2.301 -151.8 13.78 179.20 65.0 490.37(8) — Nitrogen
N5Os 108.02 1638 30 — 47 3 — 2 — — pentoxide Nitrogen N5O4 92.0 1.448 —9.5 — 211
— 431.0 99.0 #9319) — tetraoxide Nitrous NO 44.02 1226” 911 —— -88.8 — 309.5 71.70
#81.S(g) — oxide n-Nonane Cell 128.25 0.718 53.8 — 150.6 — 595 231) 229.011)
6124511) — 617L0X2) n-Octane CsHis 114.22 0.703 —514 — 125.5 — 568.8 24.5 —
249.01) — 5470.) —208.4(g) —5512.4(2) Oxalic acid C-H:O4 90.04 1.90 Decomposes at
186”C — — —826.8(c) —251.9(3) Oxygen O, 32.00 —— -218.75 0.444 —182.97 6.82
154.4 49.7 Org) — "n-Pentane C:Hi3 72.15 0.633" —129,6 8.393 36.07 25.77 469.80 33.3
—173.011) —3509, 51) -146.4(2) —3536.1(0) Isopentane C:Hi3 72.5 0.623? —160.1 — 2
— 461.00 32.9 —179.311) —3507.5(1) —— —152.0(g) —3529.2(p) 1-Pentene CsHo
7013 0.641 -165.2 4.94 29.97 474 39.9 -20.Ng) —3375.8(8) Phenol CeHsOH 94.11 171”
425 11.43 181.4 — 692.1 00.5 —158111) —3063.5(8) -90.8(5) 2 Phosphoric IkPOs 98.00
1,834?" 42.3 10.54 (—1IhO at 213”C) — — —1281.1(c) — acid " 1278.6f(ag. — LH5O)
Phosphorus Pa 123.90 2.20 Sy0Bam 8117 Ignites in air, 725"C — — —17.6te) — (red) Ofe)
Appendix B Physical Property Tables 633
Phosphorus P, 12390 182 442 2.51 280 4971 — — — (white)
Phosphorus Ps Os 14195 2.387 Sublimes at 250"C — — —1506.2(c) — pentoxide
Propane C3 H3 44.09 -. —187.69 3.52 —42.07 1877 3699 420 —119.8(1) 2204011)
—103.8(g) -2220.X2)
Propylene C3Hs 42.08 — -185.2 3.00 “47.70 1842 3651 454 20.41(2) -2058.4(2)
m-Propyl C:H:OH 60.09 0.804 —127 — 97.04 — 536.7 49.95 —300.7041) —2010.4(1)
akohol -255.Ag) -2063.645)
Isopropyl GH:OH 60.09 0.785 —89,7 — 82.24 — 508.8 53.0 —310.M1) —1986.611)
alcohol
m-Propyl CsHi 12019 0.862 99.30 8.54 159.2 3824 638.7 31.3 38.401) 5218.211) benzene
“7.821g) —5264.48(2)
Silicon SO, 60.09 2.25 1710 14.2 2230 — — —- -851.0(c) — dioxide
Sodium NaHCO: 84.01 2.20 Decomposes at 270”C — — -945.6(c) — bicarbonate
Sodium NaHSO, 12007 2.742 — — — — — — —1126.3(c) — bisulfate
Sodium NasCO, 10599 2.533 Decomposes at 854”C — — —1130.9(c) — carbonate
Sodium NaCl 5845 2163 808 28.5 1465 170.7 — — —411.0(c) — chloride
Sodium NaCN 49.01 — 562 16.7 1497 155 — — -89.70c) — cyanide
Sodium NaOH 40.00 2.130 319 8.34 1390 — — — —126.6(c) — hydroxide —469 Alag ) —
Sodium NaNO, 85.00 2.257 310 15.9 Decompases at 380”C 0 456.710) — nitrate
Sodium NaNO: 6900 2.168” 271 — Decompases at 320”C —- 359.4(c) — nitrite
Sodium NasSO4 14208 26988 890 243 — — — — —1384.5(c) — sulfate
Sodium Na:S 18.05 1.856 95D 67 -— — — —— 373.216) — sulfide
Sodium Na»SO, 126.05 263317 Decomposes — — —1020.3(c) — sulfite
(continued) 634 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLEBA (Continued)
SG Aa (Ta) ART)" (MAP)? AAS" Compound Formula Mol.Wt. (2014) Tn Cy kJimol Tote CY
kl/mol TekKy Pelatmy kJ/mol kJ/mol Sodium NaS50O3 15811 1.667 —— — —- — -— —
—1117.1(e) — thiosulfate Sulfur Ss 256.53 2.07 113 10.04 444.6 83.7 — — Ole) —
(rhombie) Sulfur Sa 256.53 1.96 119 14.17 444.6 83.7 — — 40.30(e) -. (monoclinic) Sulfur
SO, 64.07 — —75.48 7.402 —10.02 24.91 430.7 178 —296.90(8) — dioxide Sulfur SO,
80.07 — 16.84 25.48 43.3 41.80 491.4 33.8 —395.18(g) — trioxide Sulfuric H-SO4 08.08
1.834!" 10.35 9.87 Decomposes at 340C — — —811.3211) — acid —907.51 (ag) —
Toluene C:H3 9213 0.866 —94.99 6.619 110.62 33.47 593.9 40.3 4120011) —3909. 011)
450.0018) — —3947.M(g) Water H.O ISol6 1.00” 0.00 6.0095 100.00 40.656 647.4 2183 —
2858411) — —241.83(g) — m-Xylene CsHio 106.16 0.864 —47.817 11.569 139.10 36.40
619 34.6 —25421) —4531 91) 417.24(8) —4594.5(g9) o-Xylene C3Hin 106.16 0.880 —
25.18 13.598 1444? 36.82 631.5 35.7 —24.44 (1) —45529W) 418.901g) —45963(6) p-
Xylene CsHi9 10616 0.861 13.26 17.11 138.35 36.07 618 33.9 —244311) —4532.01/1)
17.958) — —4595.2(9) Zinc Zn 6538 7.140 419.5 6.674 907 114.77 — — Ofe) —
TABLE 8.2 Heat Capacities
Appendix B Physical Property Tables 635
Example: (Cp)sceoneto 5 0.07196 4 (20.10 X 10)T — (12.78 X 10-77? 4 (34.76 X10-2)7?
where T isinC.
Form 1: Cy(k (mol CJ) or (kJ/(molK)| — at 67 & cT? 4 dT" Form 2 C, Ik mol G9) or (kl
mokK)| — at bT be
Note: The formulas for gases are strictly applicable at pressures low enough for the ideal-
gas eguation of state to apply.
Range Mal. Temp. (Units Compound Formula Wt. State Form Unit ax1O bx10 ex dx 101? of
T) Acetone CH:COCH, 58.08 1 1 'C 1230 18.6 —30-—60 g 1 2 7196 2010 -12.78 34.76 0-
1200 Acetylene CH 26.04 g l IC 42.43 6.053 —35.033 18.20 0-1200 Air 29.0 g 1 8 28.94
04147 23191 —1.965 01500 g 1 K 28.99 01965 04799 1.965 273-180) Ammonia NH3
17.08 2 1 € 35.15 2.954 04421 —6.686 0-12) Ammontum sulfate (NH4p80O4 132.15 c l |
215.9 2538 Benzene CeHs 78.11 l l “ 126.5 23.4 6-67 2 1 “C 74.06 32.95 —25.20 TT.ST 0-
1200 Isobutane CiHro 58.12 g 1 10 8946 3013 —18.91 49.87 01200 n-Butane CyHio 58.12
» 1 ji Gi 9230 27.88 —1547 34.98 0-1200 Isobutene CiHs 56.10 g 1 “C 8288 25.64 517.27
50.50 0-1200 Calcium carbide Cal) 6410 6 2 K 68.62 119 — 8.66 X 1010 sm 298720
Caleium carbonatc CaCO: 100.09 c 2 K 82.34 4.975 -12.87 Xx 108 -- 273-1083 Calcium
hydroxide Ca( OH 7410 c 1 K 89,5 276-373 Calcium oxide CaO 56.08 c 2 K 41.84 2.08 —
4.52 X 1010 273-173 Carbon € 12.01 c 2 K 1l.IS 1.095 —4.:891 Xx 101 2713-1373 Carbon
dioxide Co dd Ol g 1 6 36.11 4233 —2.887 7.464 01500 Carbon monoxide Co 28.01 g 1 Ne
28.95 04110 0.3548 —2220 01500 Carbon tetrachloride — CC 153.84 l 1 K 92.39 12.98
273-243 Chlorine Ch 70.91 g 1 IC 33.60 1.367 —1.607 6.473 0-1200 Copper Cu 63.54 c 1 K
22.76 0.6117 2173-1357
(continued) 636 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLEB.2 (Continued)
Range Mol. Temp. (Units Compound Formula Wt. State Form Unit axX1P bx10 cx 10 d x101
of T) Cumene CoFli? 120.19 g 1 "C 1392 53.76 —39.79 120.5 0-1200 (Isopropyl benzene)
Cyclohexane CeHip 84.16 g 1 3C 94140 49.62 —31.90 80.63 0-—1200 Cvelopentane Cs Hn
70.13 g 1 £ 73.39 39.28 —25.54 68.66 0-1200 Ethane C-Hg 30.07 g 1 2 49.37 13.92 —5.816
7.280 0-1200 Ethyl alcohol CHsOH 46.07 l 1 C 103.1 O (Ethanol) l 1 'C 158.8 100 g 1 AS
61.34 15.72 —8.749 19.83 0—1200 Ethylene Ca H4 28.05 g 1 "CG 4075 1147 —6.891
17.66 0-—1200 Ferric oxide FesOz 159.70 c 2 K 1034 6.711 —17.72 X 101 — 273-1097
Formaldehyde CHO 30.03 g 1 "C 34.28 4.268 0.0000 8.694 0-—1200 Helium He 4.00 g 1 “C
20.8 0-—1200 n-Hexane CH 86.17 l 1 CG 216.3 20-100 2 1 1G 13744 4085 —23.92 57.66
0—1200 Hydrogen H» 2016 g 1 NG 28.84 0.00765 0.3288 08698 0-1500 Hydrogen
bromide HBr 80.92 g 1 "C 2910 —0.0227 0.9887 —4.858 0-1200 Hydrogen chloride HCI
3647 g 1 'C 29.13 —0.1341 0.9715 —4,335 01200 Hydrogen cyanide HCN 27.03 g 1 G1
35.3 2.908 1.092 0-—1200 Hydrogen sulfide H-S 34.08 g 1 CG 33.51 1.547 0.3012 —3212
0-1500 Magnesium chloride — MgCl, 95.23 c 1 K 24 1.58 273-991 Magnesium oxide M3O
40.32 c 2 K 45.44 0.5008 —8.732 X 10" 2713-2073 Methane CH4 16.04 g 1 Te 34.31 5.469
0.3661 —11.00 0-1200 g 1 K 19.87 5.021 1.268 11.00 213-500 Methyl alcohol CH:OH 32.04
1 1 "Cc 15.86 16.83 0-65 (Methanol) g 1 C 42.93 8.301 —1.87 —8.03 0700 Methyl
cyelohexane — C7 H4 98.18 g 1 "0 121.3 56.53 37.72 100.8 0-1200 Methyl eyclopentane
CeHix 84.16 g 1 'C 98.83 45.857 —30.44 83.81 0—1200 Nitric acid NHO,: 63.02 l 1 AG
110.0 25 Nitric oxide NO 30.01 g 1 TC 29.50 0.8188 —0.2925 0.3652 0-3500 Appendix B
Physical Property Tables 637
Nitrogen N5 28.02 g 1 "GG 29.00 0.2199 0.5723 —2.871 0—1500 Nitrogen dioxide NO,
46.01 g 1 28 36.07 3.97 —2.88 7.87 0-—1200 Nitrogen tetraoxide — N5O4 92.02 g 1 "C
TOT 12.5 2113 0-37) Nitrous oxide N,0 44.02 2 1 "E 37.66 4.151 —2.694 10.57 0—1200
Oxygen Os 32.00 g 1 “2 29.10 1.158 —0.6076 1.311 0—1500 n-Pentane CH 72.15 1 1 2
1554 43.68 0-36
g 1 "C 1148 34.09 —18.99 42.26 0—1200 Propane C:Hs 44.09 g 1 Te 68.032 22.59 21311
31.71 0—1200 Propylene CH 42.08 g 1 2. 59.580 17.71 —10.17 24.60 0-—1200 Sodium
carbonate NasCO3 105.99 € 1 K 121 288-371 Sodium carbonate NaCO: 286.15 e 1 K 535.6
298
decahydrate “TOH-O Sulfur s 32.07 £ 1 K 15.2 2.68 273-368 (Rhombie) c 1 K 18.3 1.84 368-
392 (Monoclinic)
Sulfuric acid H-8, 98.08 1 1 2G 139.1 15.59 10—45 Sulfur dioxide S0, 64.07 g 1 ". 38.91
3.904 —3.104 8.606 0—1500 Sulfur trioxide S0: 80.07 8 1 ?C 48.50 9.188 —8.540 32.40
0—1000 Toluene C:Hs 92.13 1 1 "CC 1488 324 0—110
g 1 ec 94.18 38.00 —21.86 80.33 0-—1209 Water H-O 18.016 1 1 - 754 0—100
g 1 2 33.46 0.6880 0.7604 —3.593 0—1500
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6£9 sajgei AMadold JEIISAUd gXipuaddy 640 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLE B.4 Antoine Eguation Constants”
logop” SA- 7G PinmmHg, Tin? Example: The vapor pressure of acetaldehyde at 25”C is
determined as follows:
1600.017 254 291809
— Peynyo(25"C) — 1P 3 — 902 mm Hg
logig Pesnyo(25”C) — 800552 - 2.9551
Compound Formula — Range ("C) A B € Acetaldehyde CHO —0.2 to 344 800552 1600.017
291.809 Acetic acid CH, Os 29.8 to 126.5 1.38782 1533313 222.309 Acetic acid" CHO, 0 to
36 7.18807 1416.7 225 Acetic anhydride CHO, 62.8 to 139.4 714948 1444718 199.817
Acetone CHO 12.9 to 55.3 711714 1210595 229.664 Acrylic acid C:H,O, 20.0 to 70.0
5.65204 648.629 154.683 Ammonia" NH3 —83 to 60 7.55466 1002711 247.885 Aniline
C,H:N 102.6 to 185.2 732010 1731.515 206.049 Benzene CH 14.5 to 80.9 689272 1203.531
219.888 n-Butane n-C3 Ho —78.0 to —0.3 6.82485 943.453 239711 i-Butane I-C4 Ho —
85.1to —11.6 678866 899.617 241.942 1-Butanol CHO 892101257 7.36366 1305.198
173.427 2-Butanol CHO 724101071 720131 1157.000 168.279 1-Butene C4 Hg — 715 to
—37 6.53101 810.261 228.066 Butyric acid CHsO5 20.0 to 150.0 871019 2433.014
255.189 Carbon disulfide CS, 3.6 to 79.9 6.94279 1169110 241.593 Carbon tetrachloride
CC 14.1 to 76.0 6.87926 1212021 226400 Chlorobenzene CsHsCI 62.0 to 131.7 6.37808
1431.053 217.550 Chlorobenzene”" CeHsCI 0to 42 710690 1500.0 224.0 Chlorobenzene"
CH:CI 42102W) 6.94504 1413.12 216.0 Chloroform CHCk —10.4 to 60.3 6.95465 1170.966
226.232 Chloroform”" CHCI: —30 to 150 690328 116303 2274 Cyelohexane CeHp 19.9 to
81.6 684941 1206001 223.148 Cyelohexanol CsHpO 93.7 to 160.7 6.25530 912.866
109.126 n-Decane n-CaH 945 to175.1 60.95707 1503.568 194.738 1-Decene Co Ho 86.8 to
171.6 695433 1497.527 197.056 1.1-Dichloroethane CH Ch —38.8 to 17.6 697702
1174022 229.060 1,2-Dichloroethane CH Ch —30.8 to094 702530 1271.254 222.927
Dichloromethane CH3Ch —40.0 to 40 14016 1325.938 252.616 Diethyl ether C,H 0 —60.8
to 19.9 692032 1064066 228.799 Diethyl ketone CsHa0 56.5 01113 7.02529 1310.281
214.192 Diethylene glycol CaiH9O5 130.0 to 243.0 7.63666 1939359 162.714 Dimethyl
ether CHO —18.2t0 —249 697603 889.264 241.957 Dimethylamine C-H-N —71.8 to 6.9
7.08212 960.242 221.667 N.N-Dimethylformamide — C3H:NO 30.0 t0 90.0 6.92796
1400.869 196434 1.4-Dioxane C4HsO, 20.0 to 105.0 743155 1554679 240.337 Ethanol
CHO 19.6 to 93.4 8.11220 1592.564 226.184 Ethanolamine CH:NO 65.4 to170.9 745680
1577670 173.368 Ethyl acetate C,HsO, 15.6 to 75.8 7110179 1244951 217.581 Ethyl
acetate” CHO, —20 to 150 71.09808 1238710 217.0 Ethyl chloride C:HsCl —55.9 to 12.5
6.98647 1030.007 238.612 Ethylbenzene CgHjo 56.5 to 137.1 695650 1423.543 213.091
"Based on T. Boublik, V. Fried, and E. Hala, The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances,
Elsevier. Amsterdam, 1973. If marked with an asterisk (“), constants are from Lange's
Handbook of Chemistry, 9th Edition, Handbook Publishers, Inc., Sandusky, OH, 1956.
(continued) TABLE B.4 (Continued)
Appendix B Physical Property Tables 641
Compound
Ethylene glycol Ethylene oxide 1,2-Ethylenediamine Formaldehyde Formic acid Glycerol
n-Heptane i-Heptane 1-Heptene n-Hexane
i-Hexane
1-Hexene
Hydrogen Cyanide Methanol Methanol#
Methyl acetate Methyl bromide Methyl chloride Methyl ethyl ketone Methyl isobutyl ketone
Methyl methacrylate Methylamine Methyleyelohexane Naphthalene Nitrobenzene
Nitromethane n-Nonane
1-Nonene
n-Octane
i-Octane
1-Octene
n-Pentane i-Pentane 1-Pentanol 1-Pentene
Phenol
1-Propanol 2-Propanol Propionic acid Propylene oxide Pyridine
Styrene
Toluene
11 -Trichloroethane 1,1,2-Trichloroethane Trichloroethylene Vinyl acetate Water"
Water"
m-Xylene
o-Xylene
p-Xylene
Formula
CHO, CHO C-HsN, HCHO CH-O, CHO: n C7 H, 6 i-C7Hig C7H4
n Ce H 14 i-CeHi4 CH HCN CH:OH CH:OH CHO, CH3Br CH:CI C,HsO CeHp0 CsHsO5 CH-N
C7H4 CoHs CeHsNO, CH:NO» n -C9 It Tg CoHis
n “Cg H, 8 i-Cg His Cs His
n -CsI 1, 2 i-CsHip CHO CsH9 CHO GEKO CHO C:H,O, CHO CsH-N CH3 C7Hg CH: Cl CE Ch
C,HC C,H4O5 H-O HO m-Cs Ho Oo Cg H, Oo p-CsHio
Range (“C)
50.0 to 200.0 0.3 to 31.8 26.5 to117.4
—109.4 to —22.3
37.4 to 100.7 183.3 to 260.4 25.9 to 99.3 18.5 to 90.9 21.6 to M5 13.0 to 69.5 12.8to@6l.l
15.9 to 64.3 —164 to46.2 14.9 to 83.7 —20 to 140 1.8 to 55.8
— 70.0 to 3.6 — 75.0 to 5.0 42.8 to 88.4 21.7 to116.2 39.2to089.2 —83.1 to —6.2 25.6to
101.8 80.3 to 179.5 134.1 to 210.6 55.7 to 136.4 70.3 to 151.8 66.6 to 147.9 52.9 to 126.6
417 to118.5 44.9to 122.2 13.3 to 36.8 16.3 to 28.6 14.7 to 156.0 12.8 to 30.7 107.2 to 181.8
60.2 to 104.6 52.3 to 89.3 72.4 to 128.3 — 24.210 34,8 67.3t0 152.9 29.9 to 144.8
35.3to111.5 —54 to 16.9 50.0 to 113.7 17.8 to 86.5 21.8 to 72.0
0 to 60
60 to 150 59.2 to 140.0 63.5 to 1454 58.310 139.3
A
8.09083 8.69016 116871 1.19578 7.58178 6.16501 6.90253 6.87689 6.91381 6.88555
6.86839 6.36880 752823 8.08097 7.87863 1.06524 7.09084 7.09349 1.06356 6.67272
840919 7.33690 6.82827 7.03358 7.11562 7.28166 6.93764 695771 6.91874 6.88814
6.93637 6.84471 6.73457 1.18246 6.84268 7.13301 774416 7.14021 1.71423 701443
7.04115 7.06623 6.95805 8.64344 65.95185 6.51827 7.21010 8.10765 7.96681 1.00646
7.00154 6.98820
B
2088.936 2005.779 1336.235 970.595 1699.173 1036.056 1267.828 1238.122 1265.120
1175.817 1151.401 1154.646 1329.49 1582.271 1473.11 1157.630 1046.066 948.582
1261.339 1168.408 2050.467 1011.532 1273.673 1756.328 1746.586 1446.937 1430.459
1437.862 1351.756 1319.529 1355.779 1060.793 992.019 1287.625 1043.206 1516.790
1437.686 1359.517 1733.418 1086.369 1373.799 1507.434 1346.773 2136.621 1314.410
1018.603 1296.130 1750.286 1668.210 1460.183 1476.393 1451.792
Cc
203.454 334.765 194.366 244.124 260.714 28.097 216.823 219.783 220.051 224.867
2284177 226.046 260.418 239.726 230.0 219.726 244.914 249.336 221.969 191.944
214.369 233.286 221.723 204.842 201.783 227.600 201.808 205.814 209.100 211,625
213.022 231.541 229.564 161.330 233.344 174.954 198.463 197.527 217.724 228.594
214.979 214.985 219.693 302.769 209.197 192.731 226.655 235.000 228.000 214.827
213.872 215.111
642 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLE B.5 Properties of Saturated Steam: Temperature Table"
V(m?/ke) U(kJ/ks) HtkJ/kg)
TUC) Pl(bar) Water Stcam Water Stcam Water Evaporation Steam UO1 000611 0001000
206.2 zero 23756 HO 25016 2501.6 2 0.00705 0.001000 179.9 84 23783 84 2496.8 2505.2
4 000813 0001000 157.3 16.8 23811 16.8 24921 2508.9 6 0.00935 0001000 137.8 252
23838 252 24874 2512.6 8 001072 0.001000 1210 33.6 23866 33.6 2482.6 2516.2
10 0.01227 0.001000 106.4 420 23893 42.0 24779 2519.9 12 001401 0001000 -— 93.8
504 23921 530.4 2473.2 2523.6 14 0.01597 0001001 82.9 588 23048 58.8 2468.5 2527.2
16 0.01817 0.001001 73.4 611 2397.6 67. 2463.8 2530.9 1s 002062 0001001 65.1 155
24003 75.5 24590 2534.5 20 0.0234 0001002 57.8 83.9 24030 83.9 24543 2538.2 22
0.0264 0001002 51.5 02 24058 922 2449.6 2541.8 24 00298 0001003 45.9 100.6 2408.5
100.6 2444.9 2545.5 25 0.0317 0001003 434 104.8 24099 104.8 2442.5 2547.3 26 0.0336
0001003 410 108.9 24112 108.9 2440.2 2549.1 28 0.0378 0001004 36.7 117.3 24140
117.3 24354 2552.7 30 0.0424 0001004 32.9 1257 24167 125.7 2430.7 25564 32 0.0475
0001005 29.6 1340 24194 134.0 2425.9 25600 34 00532 0001006 26.6 1424 24221 1424
2421.2 2563.6 36 00594 0001006 24.0 150.7 24248 150.7 24164 2567.2 38 00662
0001007 21.6 1591 24275 159.1 2411.7 2570.8 40 0.0738 0001008 1955 1674 24302
167.5 2406.9 25744 42 00820 0001009 17.69 1758 24329 175.8 2402.1 25719 A4 00910
0.001009 1604 184.2 24356 184.2 2397.3 2581.5 46 01009 0001010 14.56 1925 24383
192.5 2392.5 2585.1 45 Ol116 0001011 1323 2009 24409 200.9 2387.7 2588.6 50 0.1234
0001012 12.05 A92 24436 209.3 2382.9 2592.2 52 01361 0001013 10.98 217.7 2446
217.7 2377 2595
54 01500 0001014 1002 2260 2449 226.0 2373 2519
56 01651 0.001015 9158 2344 2451 234.4 2368 2602
58 0.815 0.001016 8.380 242.8 2454 242.8 2363 2606
60 01992 0.001017 7.678 2511 2456 251.1 2358 2609
62 02184 0001018 1043 259.5 2459 259.5 2353 2613
64 02391 0001019 6.468 267.9 2461 267.9 2348 2616
66 02615 0001020 5047 2762 2464 276.2 2343 2619
65 02856 0001022 5415 284.6 2467 284.6 2338 2623
“From R. W. Haywood, Thermodynamic Tables in SI (Metric) Units, Cambridge University
Press, London, 1968. V — specific volume, O — specificinternal energy, and A — specific
enthalpy. Note: kJikg X 04303 — Btwlb,,.
(continned) Appendix B Physical Property Tables 643
TABLEB.5 (Continued)
V(m?/ke) U(kJ/kg) A(kl/ke)
TCC) Plbar) Water Steam Water Steam Water Evaporation Steam
70 03117 0001023 5.045 293.0 2469 203.0 2333 2626 72 03396 0001024 4655 3014
2472 3014 2329 2630 14 03696 0001025 4.299 309.8 2474 309.8 2323 2633 716. 04019
0001026 3.975 3182 2476 318.2 2318 2636 18 04365 0001028 3.679 3264 2479 3264
2313 2639 80 04736 0.001029 3.408 334.8 2482 334.9 2308 2043 82 0.5133 0001030
3.161 343.2 2484 343.3 2303 2646 84 05558 0.001032 2.934 351.6 2487 351.7 2298 2650
86 06011 0.001033 2727 360.0 2489 360.1 2293 2653 88 0.6495 0.001034 2.536 3684
2491 368.5 2258 2656 90 07011 0.001036 2.361 3769 2493 377.0 2252 2659 92 07560
0.001037 2.200 385.3 2496 3854 22117 2662 54 08145 0001039 2.052 393.7 2499 303.8
2212 2666 96 08767 0001040 1.915 4021 2501 4022 2267 2669 98 09429 0.001042
1.789 410.6 2504 410.7 2262 2673 100 10131 0001044 1.673 4190 2507 4191 2257 2676
102 100876 0001045 1.566 4271 2509 427.5 2251 2679
644 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLE B.6 Properties of Saturated Steam: Pressure Table"
V(m/ks) OtkJ/ka) A(kJiks) P(bar) TC) Water Steam Water Steam Waler Evaporation Sicam
0.00611 0.01 0.001000 206.2 zero 2375.6 40.0 2501.6 2501.6 0.008 38 0.001000 159.7
15.8 2380.7 15.8 2492.6 2508.5 0.010 1.0 0.001000 129.2 293 2385.2 29.3 2485.0 25144
0.012 9.7 0.001000 108.7 40.6 2388.9 40.6 2478. 2519.3 0.014 12.0 0.001000 93.9 50.3
2392.0 50.3 2473.2 2523.5 0.016 14.0 0001001 82.8 58.9 22948 58.9 24684 25273 0.018
15.9 0.001001 74.0 66.5 23974 66.5 24641 25306 0.020 17:58 0001001 67.0 73.5 2399.6
73.5 2460.2 2533.6 0.022 19.0 O.001002 61.2 798 2401.7 198 2456.6 25364 0.024 20.4
0.001002 56.4 85.7 2403.6 837 2453.3 2539.0 0.026 217 0.001002 52.3 911 24054 91.1
2450.2 2541.3 0.028 23.0 0.001002 48.7 96.2 2407.1 96.2 2447.3 2543.6 0.080 24.1
0001003 45 101.0 2408.6 101.0 2444.6 2545.6 0.035 26.7 0.001003 29.5 118 2412.2 118
2438.5 25504 0.040 29.) 0001004 34.8 1214 2415.3 1214 2433.1 25545 0.045 310
0.001005 31.1 130.0 24181 130.0 2428.2 25582 0.050 32.9 0.001005 28.2 137.8 2420,6
137.8 24238 25616 0.060 30.2 0.001006 23.74 215 24251 151.5 2416.0 2567.5 0.070 39.0
0.001007 20.53 163.4 24289 163.4 24092 2572.6 0.080 41.5 0.001008 18.10 173.9 24323
1739 2403.2 25774 0.090 438 0.001009 16.20 183.3 2435,3 183.3 2397.9 25811 0.10
4538 0.001010 14.67 191.8 24380 191.8 23929 25843 0.11 47.7 0001011 13.42 199.7
24405 199.7 23884 25881 0.12 494 0001012 12.36 206.9 24428 206.9 23843 25912 0.13
514 0.001013 11.47 213.7 24450 213.7 23804 25940 0.14 52.6 0.001013 10.69 220.0
2447.0 220.0 2376. 2596. Appendix B Physical Property Tables 645
0.15 54.0 0.001014 10.02 226.0 24489 2260 2373.2 2599.2 0.16 55.3 0.001015 0.43 231.6
2450.6 231,6 2370.0 2601.6 0.17 56.6 0.001015 8.91 236.9 2452.3 236.9 2366.9 2603.8
0.18 57.8 0.001016 8.45 242.0 24539 2420 23639 26059 0.19 59.0 0.001017 8.03 2468
24534 2468 2361.1 2607.9 0.20 60.1 0.001017 7.65 251.5 24569 2515 23584 2609.9 0.22
62.2 0.001013 7.00 260.1 2459.6 260.1 2353.3 2613.5 0.24 64.1 0.001019 6.45 268.2
24621 268.2 2348.6 2616.8 0.26 65.9 0.001020 5.98 275.6 24644 275. 2344.2 2619.9 0.28
67.5 0.001021 5.58 282.7 2466.5 282.7 2340.0 2622.7 0.30 69.1 0.001022 5.23 289.3
24686 289.3 23361 26254 0.35 72.7 0.001025 453 304,3 2473.1 304.3 2327.2 2631.5 0.40
33 0.001027 3.99 317.6 24771 317.7 23192 2636.9 045 78.7 0001028 3.58 329.6 24807
329.6 281200 2641.7 0.50 81.3 0.001030 3.24 340.5 2484.0 340.6 23054 2646.0 0.55 83.7
0.001032 2.96 350.6 2486.9 350.6 22993 2649.9 0.60 86.0 0.001033 2.73 3599 24897
359.9 220.6 2653.6 0.65 88.0 0.0010835 2.53 368.5 2492.2 368.6 22883 26569 0.70 90.0
0.001036 2.36 376.7 2494.5 376.8 22833 2660.1 0.75 91.8 0.001037 2.22 3844 2496.7
384,5 2218.6 2663.U 0.80 93.5 0.001039 2.087 391.6 2498.8 391.7 22741 2665.8 0.85 95.2
0.001040 1.972 398.5 2500.5 398.6 2269. 26684 0.90 96.7 0001041 1.869 405.1 2502.6
405.2 2265.6 2670.9 0.95 98.2 0001042 1.777 4114 254 411.5 2207 2673.2 1.00 99.6
0.001043 1.694 417.4 2506.1 417.5 22579 26754 101325 100.0 0.001044 1.673 419.0
2506.5 4191 2256.9 2676.0 (Latm)
“From R. W. Haywood, Thermodynamic Tables in SI (Metric) Units, Cambridge University
Press, London, 1968, V— specific volume, 7 -— specific internal energy, and ff — specific
enthalpy. Note: kJ/kg X 0.4303 — Btu/lb,,. (continued) 646 APPENDIXB Physical Property
Tables
TABLE B.6 (Continued)
Vim?/ks) UlkJikg) HikJike) P(bar) TC) Water Steam Water Steam Water Evaporation Steam
11 102.3 0.001046 1.549 428.7 2509.2 428.8 22508 2679.6 12 104.8 0001045 1.428 439.2
25121 4394 22441 26834 1.3 107.1 0.001049 1,325 449.1 25147 449.2 22378 2687.0 14
109.3 0.001051 1.236 4583 25172 4584 22319 2690.3 1.9 1114 0.001053 1.159 467.0
2919.5 467.1 2226.2 26934 16 113.3 0.001055 1.091 4752 25217 4154 2200 2696.2 1.7
115.2 0.001056 1.031 483.0 25237 483.2 22157 2650.0 1.8 116.9 0.001058 0.977 490.5
2523.6 490.7 22108 27015 1.9 118.6 0.001059 0.929 497.6 2527.5 497.8 2206.1 2704.0
2.0 120.2 0.001061 0.885 504.5 25292 504.7 2201.6 2706.3 2.2 123.3 0.001064 0.810
517.4 25324 517.6 21930 2710.6 24 126.1 0.001066 0.746 529.4 25354 529.6 21849
2714.5 2.6 128.7 0001060 0,693 540.6 2538.1 540,9 217173 2718.2 2.8 131.2 0.001071
0.646 551.1 25406 5514 21701 21215 3.0 133.5 0.001074 0.606 561.1 25430 561.4
2163.2 2724.7 32 135.8 0.001076 0.570 570.6 25452 570.9 21567 22.6 34 137.9 0.001078
0.538 579.6 2547.2 5797 21504 2730.3 3.6 139,9 0.001080 0.510 588.1 25492 588.5
21444 27329 38 141.8 0.001082 0.485 5964 25510 596.8 2138.6 2735.3 40 143.6
0.001084 0.462 604.2 29381 604.7 21330 2737.6 42 145.4 0001086 0.442 611.8 25544
612.3 2127.5 2739.8 44 147.1 0.001088 0423 6191 25559 619.6 21223 27419 446 148.7
0.001089 0.405 626.2 25574 626.7 21172 27439 48 150.3 0.001091 0.389 633.0 25588
633.5 21122 2745.7 5.0 151.8 0001093 0.375 635.6 2560.2 640.1 21074 27475 55 1355
0.001097 0.342 655.2 2563.3 655.8 2095.9 2751.7 6.0 158.8 0.001101 0.315 669.8 2566.2
670.4 2085.0 2755.5 6.5 162.0 0.001105 0.292 6834 2568.7 684.1 20747 27589 70 165.0
0001108 0.273 696.3 2571A 697.1 20649 27620 Appendix B Physical Property Tables 647
1.5 167.8 0.001112 0.2554 708.5 25733 709.3 2055.5 2764.8 8.0 170.4 0.001115 0.2403
720.0 2575.5 720.9 2046.5. 2767.5 85 172.9 0001118 02268 731 2577 732.0 20879 27699
9.0 1754 0001121 0.2148 741.6 25788 742.6 2029.5 211721 95 177.7 0.001124 0.2040
751.8 25804 152.8 20214 27742 10.0 1790 0.001127 0.1943 761.5 25819 162.6 2013.6
2116.2 10.5 182.0 0.001130 0.1855 770.8 2583.3 1720 2005.9 27180 11.0 184.1 0.001133
0.1774 179,9 2584,5 781.1 1998.5 27797 1.5 186.0 0.001136 0.1700 788.6 25858 789.9
19913 27813 12.0 188.0 0.001139 0.1632 7971 2586.9 1984 19843 2182. 12.5 189.8
0.001141 0.1569 805.3 2588.0 806.7 19774 27841 13.0 191.6 0001144 0.1511 813.2
25890 814.7 19707 27834 14 195.0 0.001149 0.1407 828.5 2590.8 830.1 1957.7 27878 15
198.3 0.001154 0.1317 842.9 25924 844.7 1945.2 2189.9 16 2014 0.001159 0.1237 856.7
25938 858.6 1933.2 27917 17 204.3 0001163 01166 869.9 2595. 8718 1921.5 27934 18
207.1 0.001168 0.1103 882.5 2596.3 884.6 1910.3 27948 19 209.8 0.001172 0.1047 894.6
25973 896.8 1899.3 2796.1 20 2124 0.001177 0.0995 906.2 2598.2 908.6 1888.6 21972
21 214.9 0.001181 0.0949 917.5 2598.9 920.0 1878.2 27982 22 217.2 0001183 0.0907
928.3 2599.6 931.0 1868. 27991 23 219.6 0.001189 0.0868 938.9 2600.2 941.6 1858.2
27998 24 221.8 0001193 0.0832 949.1 2600.7 951.9 1848.5 28004 25 223.9 0001197
0.0799 950.0 2601.2 962.0 1839.0 2800.9 26 226.0 0001201 0.0769 998.6 2601.5 9717
1829.6 28014 27 228.1 0.001205 0.0740 978.0 26018 981.2 1820.5 28017 28 230.0
0.001209 0.0714 987.1 2602.1 990.5 1811.5 2802.0 29 232.0 0.001213 0.0689 996.0
2602.3 999.5 1802.6 2802.2 30 233.8 0.001216 0.0666 10047 26024 10084 1793.9 2802.3
32 237.4 0.001224 0.0624 1021.5 2602.5 1025.4 1776.9 2802.3 34 240.9 0001231 0.0587
1037.6 2602.5 10418 1760.3 2802.1 36 244.2 0001238 0.0554 1053.1 2602.2 1057.6
1744.2 2801.7 38 247.3 0.001245 0.0524 1068.0 2601.9 1072.7 17284 2801.1
(continued) 648 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLE B.6 (Continued)
W(mP/kg) U(kl/kg) AtkJikg)
P(bar) TC) Water Steam Water Steam Water Evaporation Steam 40 250.3 0.001252 0.0497
1082.4 2601.3 1087.4 1712.9 2800.3 42 2532 0.001 259 00473 1096.3 26140.7 101.6
1697.8 27094 ka 256.0 0.001266 0.0451 109.8 25999 11154 16829 21983 46 2588
0.001272 0.0430 1122.9 2599.1 1128.8 1668.3 2797 48 2614 0.001279 0.0412 1135.6
25981 1141.8 1653.9 2195. 50 263.9 0.001286 0.0394 1148.0 25970 1154.5 1639.7 27942
52 2664 0.001292 0.0378 1160.1 25959 1166.8 1625.7 2192.6 54 268.8 0.001299 0.0363
1171.9 2594.6 11789 16119 27908 56 211 0.001306 00349 1183.5 2593.3 1190.8 15982
27890 58 2133 0.001312 0.0337 1194.7 2591.9 1202.3 1584.7 2187.0 60 215.6 0.001319
0.0324 1205.8 25904 1213.7 15713 27850 62 271 0.001325 0.0313 1216.6 258838 12248
15580 217829 64 2198 0.001332 0.0302 1227.2 2587.2 12357 1544.9 2780.6 66 281.8
0.001338 0.0292 1237.6 2583.5 1246.5 1531.9 2718.3 68 2838 0.001345 0.0283 1247.9
25837 1257.0 15189 271759 70 285.8 0.001351 0.0274 1258.0 25818 12674 1506.0
21135 12 2817 0.001358 0.0265 1267. 25719 1277.6 1493.3 217709 74 289.6 0.001364
0.0257 1277.6 25780 1287.7 1480.5 2768.3 76 2914 0.001371 0.0249 1287.2 2575.9
1297.6 1467.9 2765.5 8 2932 0.001378 0.0242 1296.7 25738 1307.4 1455.3 21628 80
295.0 0.001354 0.0235 1306.0 25117 13171 144238 21599 82 296.7 0.001391 0.0229
1315.2 2569.5 1326.6 1430.3 27570 S4 2084 0.001398 0.0222 1324.3 2567.2 1336. I
1417.9 21540 S6 300.1 O.001404 0.0216 1333.3 25649 13454 1405.5 2750.9 88 301.7
0.001411 0.0210 1342.2 2562.6 1354.6 1393.2 214138 90 303.3 0.001418 0.02050 1351.0
2560.1 1363.7 1380.9 2144.6 92 304.9 0.001425 001996 1359.7 25577 1372.8 1368.6
27414 94 3064 0.001432 001945 1368.2 2555.2 1381.7 1356.3 21380 Appendix B
Physical Property Tables 649
96 308.0 0.001439 0.01897 1376.7 2552.6 1390.6 13441 27347 98 309.5 0.001446
0.01849 1385.2 2550.0 1399.3 1331:9 27312 100 3110 0001453 0.001.804 1393.5 25473
1408.0 13197 21217 105 314.6 0.001470 0.01698 14141 25404 1429.5 1289.2 2118 110
318.0 0.001489 0.01601 1434.2 2533.2 1450.6 1258.7 2709,3 115 3214 0001507 0.01511
14540 2525. 1471.3 1228.2 2699.5 120 324.6 0.001527 0.01428 14734 2517.8 1401.8
11974 2689.2 125 327.8 0.001547 0.01351 1492.7 25094 1512.0 11664 26784 130 330.8
0.001567 0.01280 1511.6 2500.6 1532.0 1135.0 2667.0 135 333.8 0.001588 0.01213
1530.4 2491. 15519 11031 2633.0 140 336.6 0.001611 0.01150 15491 24814 1571.6
1070.7 26424 145 339.4 0.001634 0.01090 1567.5 2411.0 1591.3 1037.7 2629.1 150 3421
0.001658 0.01034 15861 24359.9 1611.0 1004.0 2615.0 155 344.8 0.001683 0.00981
1604.6 24482 1630.7 969.6 2600.3 160 3473 0.001710 0.00931 1623.2 2436.0 1650.5
934.3 25849 165 349.8 0.001739 0.00883 1641.8 24231 1670.5 398.3 2568. 170 3523
0001770 0.00837 16616 24093 1691.7 859.9 2551.6 175 354.6 0.001803 0.00793 1681.8
2394.6 1713.3 820.0 2533.3 180 357.0 0.001840 0.00750 1701.7 23789 1734.8 7791
2513.9 185 359.2 0.001881 0.00708 17217 23621 1756.5 736.6 2493.1 190 3614
0.001926 0.00668 17421 23438 17787 692.0 2470.6 195 363.6 0001977 0.00628 1763.2
23236 1801.8 644.2 2446.0 200 363.7 0.00204 0.00588 1785.7 23008 1826.5 591.9 24184
205 367.8 0.00211 0.00546 1810.7 22144 1853.9 532.5 23864 210 369.8 0.00220 U.00502
18400 22421 1886.3 401.3 2347.6 215 3718 0.00234 0.00451 1878.6 2198.1 1928.9 366.2
22952 220 3337 0.00267 0.00373 1952 2114 2011 185 2196 221.2 374.15 0.00317
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99 sajgei Aadolg (ROISAYUg gxipuaddy 652 APPENDIXB Physical Property Tables
TABLE B.8 Specific Enthalpies of Selected Gases: SI Units
A(kJ/mol) Reference state: Gas, Prer 5 L atm, Trer 5 25'C T Air Os N5 H, co Co, HO 0 -0.72
—0.73 —0.73 02 G3 —0.92— —0.84 25 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100 2.19 2.24
2.19 216 2.19 2.90 2.54 200 515 5.31 5.13 5.06 5.16 7.08 6.01 300 8.17 8.47 8.12 7.96 8.17
11.58 9.57 400 11.24 11.72 11.15 10.89 11:25 16.35 13.23 500 14.37 15.03 14.24 13.83
14.38 21.34 17.01 600 17.55 18.41 17.39 16.81 17.97 26.53 20.91 700 20,80 21,86 20.59
19.81 20.82 31,88 24.92 800 24.10 25.35 23.86 22.85 24.13 37.36 29.05 900 27.46 28.89
27.19 25.93 27.49 42.94 33.32 1000 30.86 32.47 30.56 29.04 30.91 48.60 37.69 1100 34.31
36.07 33.99 32.19 34.37 54.33 42.18 1200 37.81 39.70 37.46 35.39 37.87 60.14 46.78 1300
41.34 43.38 40.97 38.62 41.40 65.98 51.47 1400 44.89 47,07 44.51 41.90 44.95 71.89
56.25 1500 48.45 50.77 48.06 45.22 48.51 71.84 61.09 TABLE B.9 Specific Enthalpies of
Selected Gases: U.S. Customary Units H( Btu/lb-mole) Reference state: Gas, Pes — L atm,
Ter — TPF T Air Oo, N, H, Co co, HO 32 —812 —315 —312 —310 “312 —394 —361 Ta 0 0
0 0 O 0 0 100 160 162 160 159 160 206 185 200 858 875 857 848 859 1132 996 300 1563
1602 1558 1539 1564 2108 1818 400 2275 2342 2265 2231 2276 3129 2652 500 2993
3094 2976 2925 2994 4192 3499 600 3719 3858 3694 3621 3720 5293 4359 700 4451
4633 4418 4319 4454 6429 5233 800 5192 548 5150 5021 5195 7599 6122 900 5940
6212 5889 5725 5945 8790 7025 1000 6695 7015 6635 6433 6702 10015 7944 1100
7459 7826 7399 7145 7467 11263 8880 1200 8230 8645 8151 7861 8239 12533 9831
1300 9010 9471 8922 8581 9021 13820 10799 1400 9797 10304 9699 9306 9809 15122
11783 1500 10590 11142 10485 10035 10606 16436 12783 1600 11392 11988 11278
10769 11409 17773 13798 1700 12200 12836 12080 11509 12220 19119 14831 1800
13016 13691 12888 12254 13036 20469 15877 190 13837 14551 13702 13003 13858
21840 16941 200 14663 15415 14524 13759 14688 23211 18019
TABLE B.IO Atomic Heat Capacities for Kopp's Rule”
Cpa(J/(g-atom:”C)|
Element Solids Liguids Cc 73 12 H 9.6 18 B 11 20 Si 16 24 O 17 25 F 21 29 P 23 31 S 26 31
All Others 26 33
“3D. M. Himmelblau, Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, 3rd
Edition, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs,
Appendix B Physical Property Tables 653
NJ, 1974, p. 270. TABLEB.11 Integral Heats of Solution and Mixing at 25”C“ (MH )ncra
(AB,)xaorts) (A#m)Ja,s0, r(mol H-O/mol solute) — kJ/mol HCI — kJ/mol NaOH kJ/mol H-
SO, 0.5 — — 15.73 1 26.22 — 28.07 3 — — 36.90 2, —48.82 — — 41.92 3 —56.85 —28.87
— 48.99 4 —61.20 —34.43 — 54.06 5 64.05 37.74 58.03 10 69.49 —4251 —67.03 20 —
71.78 —42.84 — 25 — — — 72.30 30 — 729 —42.72 — 40 — 73.00 —42.59 -— 50 —
73.26 —42.51 — 73.34 100 — 73.85 —42.34 —73.97 200 — 74.20 —42.26 — 500 —
74.52 “42.38 — 716.73 1000 74.68 42.47 78.57 2000 — 74.82 —4255 -—— 5000 — 7493
—42,68 —84.43 10000 — 74.99 —4272 —87.07 50 000 — 75.08 —42.80 — 100 000 —
7510 — 93.64 500000 — — —-95.31 aa — 7514 —42.89 —96.19
“Adapted from J. C. Whitwell and R. K. Toner, Conservation of Mass and Energy, pp. 344-
346. Copyright O 1969 by MeGraw-HIlI, Inc. Used with permission of MeGraw-Hill.