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Chemistry 202 Sample Exam Questions

The questions provided here are taken from a number of different CHM 202 exams. As such they are representative of the types of problems you can expect to see on our next exam. However, the number of questions or length of time it will take you to complete these questions does not represent the length of the exam you will be given.

The equation page is similar to the one you will receive with your exam.

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1. Which graph best describes the following reaction if it is first order in Cl?

2Cl ⎯⎯→ Cl 2

A B d [Cl ] d [Cl ] − − dt dt [Cl] [Cl] C
A
B
d [Cl ]
d [Cl ]
dt
dt
[Cl]
[Cl]
C
D
d [Cl ]
d [Cl ]
dt
dt
[Cl]
[Cl]

a) Graph A

b) Graph B

c) Graph C

d) Graph D

2. Compound A decomposes via a first order mechanism with a half life of 48 hours. How long will it take for 35% of A to disappear?

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3) Is it possible to prepare a buffer of pH 9.00 having good buffer capacity using NH 3 (ammonia, K b =1.75 10 -5 ) and its conjugate acid?

a) Yes

b) No

Explain your answer:

4) Addition of sodium acetate to an acetic acid solution at equilibrium will cause:

a) no change in H 3 O + concentration.

b) H 3 O + concentration to decrease.

c.) H 3 O + concentration to increase.

d) concentrations of all species to increase.

e) a decrease in hydroxide concentrations.

5) The solubility of a gas in a solvent with which it does not react is:

a) proportional to the partial pressure of the gas.

b) inversely proportional to the partial pressure of the gas.

c) independent of the partial pressure of the gas.

d) proportional to the partial pressure of the solvent.

e) inversely proportional to the partial pressure of the solvent.

6) Equal volumes of 0.1 M HCl and 0.1 M HC 2 H 3 O 2 are titrated with 0.1 M NaOH. Which of the following would be equal for both titrations?

a. the initial pH

b. the pH at halfway to the equivalence point

c. the pH at the equivalence point

d. the volume of NaOH added to reach equivalence point

e. none of the above

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6. Phosgene, COCl 2 , is both a precursor reactant for certain commercially important organic compounds, and a deadly species that was used in WWI as a chemical warfare agent. It can be synthesized photochemically via the gas phase reaction of carbon monoxide with chlorine:

via the gas phase reaction of carbon monoxide with chlorine: In the laboratory this reaction is

In the laboratory this reaction is found to obey the following rate law:

[

d COCl

2

]

dt

[

= k Cl

2 ]

{

1 +

k ' [CO]I hν + 1

}

Where I is the intensity of the light used while k and k’ are observed rate constants. a. (5 points) Does the addition of chlorine gas increase or decrease the rate of phosgene

formation? (Think about this carefully.) Explain in the space provided.

b. (5 points) It has been suggested that the mechanism responsible for the observed rate law is:

that the mechanism responsible for the observed rate law is: Identify the initiation, chain, and termination

Identify the initiation, chain, and termination steps in this mechanism.

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c. (5 points) If one wished to extend the chain length, how might this be accomplished?

Name: Page 5 of 9 c. (5 points) If one wished to extend the chain length,

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e. (5 point) Which step is the fastest step based on the diagram (step for E1, E2, or E3)?

f. (5 points) According to the diagram which step is the rate determining step (step for E1, E2, or E3)?

7. Formic Acid (HCOOH, mol. wt. = 46.02 g/mol) is the simplest carboxylic acid, and is found

in the venom of bee and ant stings. A solution is prepared by initially dissolving 4.631 g (0.1006

mols) formic acid in enough water to form 500.00 mL of solution. The pK a for formic acid is 3.75, and the hydrolysis reaction of formic acid is shown below.

HCOOH + H 2 O

reaction of formic acid is shown below. HCOOH + H 2 O H 3 O +

H 3 O + + HCOO

a) What is the pH and also what are the equilibrium concentrations of [HCOOH] and [HCOO ], of this solution? Show all work.

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Question 8. Alessio needs your help. He found a recipe to prepare a buffer system that would be perfect for his latest experiment. Buffer is composed of the weak base Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, (tris), and the salt of the conjugate acid, Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane hydrochloride (trisHCl). The hydrolysis reaction of the conjugate acid (trisH + ) in water is shown below. (Molar mass tris = 121.14 g/mol, Molar mass trisHCl = 157.60 g/mol)

+ NH 3 C HOH 2 C HOH 2 C CH 2 OH
+
NH 3
C
HOH 2 C
HOH 2 C
CH 2 OH

trisH +

+ H 2 O

H 3 O +

+

NH 2 C HOH 2 C HOH 2 C CH 2 OH
NH 2
C
HOH 2 C
HOH 2 C
CH 2 OH

tris

K a = 8.41 × 10 9

a) (8 points) Alessio first dissolves 6.215 grams of tris in 450. mL water. Calculate the pH after the solution has attained equilibrium.

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b) (8 points) Now Alessio starts adding 6.00 M HCl to adjust the pH to 8.41. Calculate

how many milliliters Alessio needs to add to reach the final pH.

c) (4 points) After checking the procedure, Alessio realized that the recipe is for a total

volume of 500.0 mL solution, so he dilutes his solution from part b to 500.0 mL in a volumetric flask. What is the pH of the 500.0 mL buffer solution?

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Useful physical constants and equations

1 Joule = 1 kg m 2 /sec 2

1 Newton = 1kg m/sec 2

1 calorie = 4.18 J

specific heat of H 2 O = 1 cal/ g °C

c = 2.9979 X 10 8 m s -1

K w = 1.00 x 10 14

pK W = pK a + pK b

1coulomb = (1 ampere) * (1 second)

∆ G = – nFE = −b ± b 2 − 4 ac x
∆ G = – nFE
= −b
±
b 2 − 4 ac
x

2a

G = –RTlnK

pK W = pK a + pK b

ln[ A] = kt + ln[ A] 0 , t 1/2 = ln2

k

= 0.693

k

k

= A exp ⎜ ⎛ − Ea

RT

k b (Boltzman's constant) = 1.38 x 10 -23 J/K

R = 8.314 J/K mol = .08206 L atm/K mol

N A = 6.02 x 10 23 molecules/mole

g = 9.8 m/s 2

1 atm = 101.325 kilopascals

= 760 torr (mm Hg)

= 14.70 lbs per square inch

F = 96,485 C/mol

q = nF

 

w = – qE

E

= E °

RT lnQ

nF

pH = p K a + log

pX = -log (X)

[ A ] [HA]

= p K a + log

PV=nRT

[A] = kt +[A] 0 , t 1/2 = [A] 0 2 k

[A] = kt +

1

k[A] 0

1

1

[A] 0 , t 1/2 =

[base]

[acid]