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Common Cations (Grouped by Charge)

Other name
Name Formula
+1 ions:
Ammonium NH4+
Copper(I) Cu+ Cuprous
Hydrogen H+ Proton
Hydronium H3O+
Lithium Li+
Nitronium NO2+
Potassium K+
Silver Ag+
Sodium Na+
+2 ions:
Barium Ba+2
Calcium Ca+2
Chromium(II) Cr+2 Chromous
Copper(II) Cu+2 Cupric
Iron(II) Fe+2 Ferrous
Lead(II) Pb+2
Magnesium Mg+2
Manganese(II) Mn+2 Manganous
Mercury(I) Hg2+2 Mercurous
Mercury(II) Hg+2 Mercuric
Strontium Sr+2
Tin(II) Sn+2 Stannous
Zinc Zn+2
+3 ions:
Chromium(III) Cr+3 Chromic
Aluminum Al+3
Iron(III) Fe+3 Ferric
Manganese(III) Mn+3 Manganic

+4 ions:
Tin(IV) Sn+4 Stannic

Common Anions (Grouped by Charge)

-1 ions:
Hydride H- Nitrate NO3-
Fluoride F- Nitrite NO2-
Chloride Cl- Perchlorate ClO4-
Bromide Br- Chlorate ClO3-
Iodide I- Chlorite ClO2-
Cyanide CN- Hypochlorite OCl-
Cyanate OCN- Iodate IO3-
Thiocyanate SCN- Bromate BrO3-
Hydroxide OH- Hypobromite OBr-
Amide NH2- Permanganate MnO4-
Acetate CH3COO- Dihydrogen phosphate H2PO4-
Formate HCOO- Hydrogen sulfate HSO4-
Hydrogen carbonate
HCO3-
or Bicarbonate
-2 ions:
Oxide O2- Hydrogen phosphate HPO42-
Sulfide S2- Chromate CrO42-
Sulfate SO42- Dichromate Cr2O72-
Thiosulfate S2O32- Carbonate CO32-
Sulfite SO32- Oxalate C2O42-
Peroxide O22-
-3 ions:
Nitride N3- Arsenate AsO43-
Phosphate PO43- Arsenite AsO33-

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