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E.

SOURCES OF INFECTION

Based off of the data gathered, the following data will show the demographics and the possible sources
of infection associated to poor hygienic practices, insufficient knowledge, and lack of defecation facility.

AGE SEX

45-70 years old 30-44 years old 15-29 years old Female Male

NO. OF CHILDREN IN Series 2


THE HOUSEHOLD

0-4 Children 5-10 Children 11-15 Children 500-3500 3600-7000 7100-10500

Place of Residence

25

20

15 Near a body of
water
Far from a body
10
of water

0
The results of the interview show that out of the 30 households, 20 of which are situated near a
body of water, specifically the Matin-aw River. When asked if they use the river as source of drinking or
usable water, ten answered yes and ten answered that they actually buy drinking water from the town
market every week.

Hand Washing Practices


16
14
12
With Soap and
10 Water
8 With Water
Only
6
Not Routinely
4
Done
2
0
Hand Washing Practices

The result shows that 15 of the interviewed households were observing proper hand washing
practices with soap and water, while 10 houses were only washing their hands with only water after
defecation or before eating and 5 households were not routinely washing their hands or only washing
their hands when they remember.
To add, one member of the household claim of not performing proper hygiene after defecation,
and uses only a piece of paper instead of water and soap.

Sanitary Method of Disposing Fecal Wastes

Is a private latrine available to you?


25

20

15
Yes
10 No

0
Private Latrine
25

20
To the septic
tank
15

Use Burrowed
10
Holes for
Defecation
5

Majority of the interviewed households do not have access to proper defecation facilities and
proper disposal of these fecal wastes. The households usually have holes burrowed 6ft into the ground
and that would serve as a sort of “basin” where they would defecate.

12

10

Near the
8
Household
Water Source
6
Far from the
4 Water Source

0
It is also worth to take note that 10 households have their elimination facilities situated near the
household water source, within the 500-meter radius from the river.

Do you treat drinking water if acquired from unregulated source? (bleaching, filtering, decantation)??

30
25
20
15 Treats Water
10 No treatments
5
0
From unregulated water
source
Do you walk barefoot and tend to scratch lower extremities?

30

25

20
Yes
15
No
10

Socio- demographics

The respondents of this study mostly belong to the age group of 45-70 years old. Majority are female
with 5-10 children in the household. Majority of the respondent's income indicates that they have low
economic status. One of the main reasons why the residents have no access to any proper defecation
facility, clean and safe water to drink or use for every day activities, a conducive environment, and
insufficient knowledge about the importance of proper hygiene practices could be precipitated by the
economic status of the people in the community. These factors can further facilitate the spread of
infection and can contribute to parasitic infestations in the body.

F. THERAPY AND MEASURES TAKEN FOR DISEASE CONTROL

Every July and January of each year, the local health unit of Maasin, Ioilo are conducting deworming
activities in the school and the barangay health center. Children are given consent forms to be signed by
the parents to enable them to participate in the program. Oftentimes, the parents bring their children
voluntarily to the health center if there are suspected signs of parasitic infection.

The barangay health workers also conduct orientation programs twice a year to educate the residents
on the dangers that improper hygiene practices might bring, and how to prevent such. The folks were
also instructed to observe any signs of parasitic infection on children and were also adviced to
participate in health and deworming programs.