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wikipedia article on reusing wikipedia content:

{{hatnote|This page is for people who would like to use Wikipedia content in their
own work. To obtain permission to use other people's work in Wikipedia, see
[[Wikipedia:Requesting copyright permission]]. To copy content from one page on the
English Wikipedia to another, see [[Wikipedia:Copying within Wikipedia]].}}
{{Legal policy|WP:REUSE}}
{{Wikipedia copyright}}
{{Legal policy list}}
There are many reusers of Wikipedia's content, and more are welcome. If you want to
use Wikipedia's text materials in your own books/articles/web sites or other
publications, you can generally do so, but you must comply with one of the licenses
that Wikipedia's text is licensed under. Many of the media files on Wikipedia are
also reusable. Each media file has its own licensing statement which must be
verified, and reuse of any media file must comply with its licensing.

Neither the Wikimedia Foundation nor the authors of material on Wikimedia sites
provide legal advice. Wikipedia is primarily subject to U.S. law; re-users outside
the U.S. should be aware that they are subject to the laws of their country. It is
the responsibility of the reuser to determine how a license applies to the intended
reuse. Additionally, while this document addresses copyright, other restrictions
may apply. These may include [[personality rights]], [[moral rights (copyright
law)|moral rights]], [[privacy rights]], or any of the many other legal causes
which are independent of copyright and vary greatly by jurisdiction. If you have
any questions about your intended reuse, you may wish to consult with an attorney
licensed to practice in your area.

==Text content==
{{see|Wikipedia:Terms of use}}
Wikipedia's text content, in a nutshell, can be used under the terms of the
[[WP:CCBYSA|Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike license]] (CC-BY-SA); unless
otherwise indicated, it can also be used under the terms of the [[WP:GFDL|GNU Free
Documentation License]]. The global terms of use dictate the ways content from
Wikimedia sites can be properly attributed when used under the CC-BY-SA license.
The GFDL imposes different requirements, which are dictated in the [[Wikipedia:Text
of the GNU Free Documentation License|text of the license]]. The English text of
these licenses is the only legally binding document; what follows is our
interpretation of how material may be reused under them.
===Re-use of text under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike===
;Attribution: {{anchor|Attribution}} To re-distribute a text page in any form,
provide credit to the authors either by including a) a [[hyperlink]] (where
possible) or [[URL]] to the page or pages you are re-using, b) a hyperlink (where
possible) or URL to an alternative, stable online copy which is freely accessible,
which conforms with the license, and which provides credit to the authors in a
manner equivalent to the credit given on this website, or c) a list of all authors.
(Any list of authors may be filtered to exclude very small or irrelevant
contributions.) This applies to text developed by the Wikipedia community. Text
from external sources may attach additional attribution requirements to the work,
which should be indicated on an article's face or on its talk page. For example, a
page may have a banner or other notation indicating that some or all of its content
was originally published somewhere else. Where such notations are visible in the
page itself, they should generally be preserved by re-users.
;Copyleft/Share Alike: If you make modifications or additions to the page you re-
use, you must license them under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike
License 3.0 or later.
;Indicate changes: If you make modifications or additions, you must indicate in a
reasonable fashion that the original work has been modified. If you are re-using
the page in a wiki, for example, indicating this in the page history is sufficient.
;Licensing notice: {{anchor|Licensing notice}} Each copy or modified version that
you distribute must include a licensing notice stating that the work is released
under CC-BY-SA and either a) a hyperlink or URL to the text of the license or b) a
copy of the license. For this purpose, a suitable URL is:

'''For further information''', please refer to the

[ legal code of the CC-BY-SA

===Re-use of text under the GNU Free Documentation License===

For compatibility reasons, any page which does not incorporate text that is
exclusively available under CC-BY-SA or a CC-BY-SA-compatible license is also
available under the terms of the [ GNU Free
Documentation License]. In order to determine whether a page is available under the
GFDL, review the page footer, page history, and discussion page for attribution of
single-licensed content that is not GFDL-compatible. All text published before June
15th, 2009 on Wikipedia was released under the GFDL, and you may also use the page
history to retrieve content published before that date to ensure GFDL

If you are simply duplicating the Wikipedia article, you must follow
[[Wikipedia:Text of the GNU Free Documentation License#2. VERBATIM COPYING|section
two]] of the GFDL on ''verbatim copying'', as discussed at [[Wikipedia:Verbatim
copying under the GFDL]].

If you create a derivative version by changing or adding content, this entails the
* your materials in turn have to be licensed under GFDL,
* you must acknowledge the authorship of the article (section 4B), and
* you must provide access to the "transparent copy" of the material (section 4J).
(The "transparent copy" of a Wikipedia article is any of a number of formats
available from us, including the wikitext, the HTML web pages, the
[[Special:Export|XML dump]], etc.)

You may be able to partially fulfill the latter two obligations by providing a
conspicuous direct link back to the Wikipedia article hosted on this website. You
also need to provide access to a transparent copy of the new text. However, please
note that the Wikimedia Foundation makes no guarantee to retain authorship
information and a transparent copy of articles. Therefore, you are encouraged to
provide this authorship information and a transparent copy with your derived works.

=== Example notice ===

An example notice, for an article that uses the Wikipedia article [[Metasyntactic
variable]] under CC-BY-SA, might read as follows:

<syntaxhighlight lang="html5" enclose="div">

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article <a
"</a>, which is released under the <a
href="">Creative Commons
Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0</a>.

("Metasyntactic variable" and the Wikipedia URL must of course be substituted

accordingly, and you should replace the link to point to a ''local copy'' of the
CC-BY-SA-3.0 text on your server.)

Alternatively you can distribute your copy of "Metasyntactic variable" along with a
copy of the CC-BY-SA-3.0 (as explained in the text) and list at least five (or all
if fewer than five) principal authors on the title page (or top of the document).
The external [ Page History Stats] tool can
help you identify the principal authors.

If you are reusing content on a wiki running the [[mw:|MediaWiki]] software, you
can also create licensing notices with a template. This has the advantage of making
notices easy to reuse on different pages. For example, you might use a template
like [[Template:En-WP attribution notice]], with the code <code
class="nowrap"><nowiki>{{En-WP attribution notice|Metasyntactic
variable}}</nowiki></code>, to produce a notice similar to this:

{{En-WP attribution notice|Metasyntactic variable}}

== Images and other media ==

{{see also|c:Commons:Reusing content outside Wikimedia}}
While in principle Wikipedia's text is subject to the Creative Commons Attribution-
ShareAlike License and, generally, the GNU Free Documentation License and can be
used free of charge for any purpose so long as licensing terms are met, other media
(including images) are sometimes identified as being subject to other licenses.
Each media file has its own information page which includes source and licensing
information. Clicking on the media file will lead to this information page. Many
media files are free to use as long as you follow the terms of the licenses applied
to them. From the information page, to download an individual free image, first
right-click "Full resolution" or the linked name of the image. Next, choose to
save the image (exact option depends on browser). A brief overview of some of the
licenses that may be applied to media on Wikipedia is visible at [[Wikipedia:Image
copyright tags]]. Additional information may be found at
[[:Commons:Commons:Licensing|Commons:Licensing]]. However, neither the Wikimedia
Foundation nor the authors of material on Wikimedia sites provide legal advice. It
is the responsibility of the reuser to determine how a license applies to the
intended reuse.

Media file information pages sometimes include contact information for copyright
holders. If the licensing conditions of a media file are unsuitable for the reuse
intended, it may be possible to contact the copyright holder of the media file for
alternate conditions. This will need to be negotiated with the copyright holder

== Fair use materials and special requirements ==

All original Wikipedia text is distributed under the GFDL and CC-BY-SA licenses.
Occasionally, Wikipedia articles may include images, sounds, or text quotes used
under the "[[fair use]]" doctrine of United States law. It is preferred that these
be obtained under the most free ([[libre]]) license (such as the freely licensed or
public domain) practical. In cases where no such images/sounds are currently
available, then fair use images are acceptable (until such time as free images
become available).

In such a case, the material should be identified as from an external source (on
the image description page, or history page, as appropriate). As "fair use" is
specific to the use that you contemplate it is best if your describe the fair use
rationale for such specific use either in hidden text in the article or on the
[[Wikipedia:Image_description_page#Fair_use_rationale|image description page]].
Remember what is fair use for Wikipedia may not be considered a fair use for your
intended use of the content in another context.

For example, if we include an image under fair use, you must ensure that your use
of the article also qualifies for fair use (this might not be the case, for
example, if you were using a Wikipedia article for a commercial use that would
otherwise be allowed by our licenses and the doctrine of fair use, would not be
allowed under that commercial use). Re-users of Wikipedia images outside of the
United States should also be aware that it may well be that fair use as it is known
in the U.S. just ''may not exist'' at all in their jurisdiction. Most other
countries have only well-defined exceptions for using copyrighted works without
having been granted an explicit license. In the [[Commonwealth of Nations|
Commonwealth]] nations, there is [[fair dealing]]. Countries that follow the
[[Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works|Berne
Convention]] have similar exceptions for narrowly defined cases. Short quotations
from copyrighted works are allowed, provided the source is properly attributed.
What other exceptions may exist depends entirely of the laws of the country you're

Wikipedia does use some text under licenses that are compatible with the GFDL but
may require additional terms that we do not require for original Wikipedia text
(such as including Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts, or Back-Cover Texts).
When using these materials, you have to include those invariant sections verbatim.

We try hard to identify the sources and licenses of all media such as text, images
or sounds used in our encyclopedia articles. Still, we cannot guarantee that all
media are used or marked correctly: for example, if an image description page
states that an image was in the [[Wikipedia:public domain|public domain]], you
should still check yourself whether that claim appears correct and decide for
yourself whether your use of the image would be fine under the laws applicable to
you. Wikipedia is primarily subject to U.S. law; re-users outside the U.S. should
be aware that they are subject to the laws of their country, which almost certainly
are different. Images published under the [[GFDL]] or one of the [[Creative Commons
Licenses]] are unlikely to pose problems, as these are specific licenses with
precise terms worldwide. [[Public domain]] images may need to be re-evaluated by a
re-user because it depends on each country's copyright laws what is in the public
domain there. There is no guarantee that something in the public domain in the
U.S. was also in the public domain in your country.

==See also==
*[[Wikipedia:Terms of use]] – Wikimedia Foundation-wide policy for the reuse of
content from Wikipedia and the foundation's other projects.
*[[Wikipedia:Citing Wikipedia]] – for information on how to cite Wikipedia's
[[Help:Page history|page history]] accurately.
*[[Wikipedia:Mirrors and forks]] – list of sites reusing Wikipedia content,
discussion of their licensing compliance
*[[Wikipedia:Buying Wikipedia articles in print or another form]]
*[[Wikipedia:Linking to Wikipedia]]
*[[Meta:Licensing update/Outreach#Importing and exporting text from Wikimedia
projects|Meta:Importing and exporting table]] – table showing when it is OK to
import from/export to various different licensing schemes

[[Category:Wikipedia legal policies]]