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9861 ZONSTIOA SAAAVYALIT NVANOY ANY NATAO NI SAGAS TVOLLRID SANVa THE CELEBRATORY PURPOSE OF HERODOTUS: THE STORY OF ARION IN HISTORIES 1.23.24 Rosaria Vignolo Munson ‘The first sentence of the Histories, which identifies and justifies the work as a whole, reveals the author's double aim of celebration and explanation: “Hpodérov ‘Adexopimaatas laropins dndbebis fe, bs pre rh yeripeon & dvdpdzw» 78 xpduy ebirmra ylonras, pire Apya peydda v6 al Qupazré, 12 jd "EM, 12 BE BapBs- pois dodeystrra, aurea yéimras, rd re Edda nai BC fv alriqy enadduneay BANGAooE. This i the exposition of the research of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, (1) lest the events of men become faded with time, and the sreat and wonderful deeds performed by both Greeks and ‘Barbarians be deprived of glory, (2) Ithe exposition of] among other things how they came 10 war with one another.’ Both explanation and celebration account for Herodotus’ inclusiveness, On. cone hand, anything great and wonderful should be saved from oblivion, and is therefore appropriate subject for the exposition.” On the other hand, the research of the causes of an event leads the historian beyond the simple narrative of the event itself into its remote antecedents and any civcumstance ‘which may have possibly affected it, Thus the specific focus of the inquiry — the war between Greeks and Barbarians — is daubly broadened even before it is announced. If the two purposes implied in the Proem are achieved through a necessarily inclusive account, they seem however to dictate opposite criteria, of inclusiveness, thereby pulling Herodotus’ narrative in different directions and creating a tension that lasts throughout the work. The explanation of causes requires suitable factual connections from one historial stage to the text, all leading ultimately to the main event; but the history of the East= ‘West conflict, as extensive as it promises to be on the basis of this criterion alone, is in Herodowus' introduction inserted in a yet broader and more generalized context. The logical antecedents of ia... alla ‘other things’) are ‘the events of men’ and ‘the achievements great and wonderful’ of Greeks ‘and non-Greeks, mentioned before the promised account of how they came to fight one another and rather autonomously from it.” Many of the human ‘endeavours most deserving of kleos (‘glory’) will belong to the history of the war itself. 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