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CHAPTER 3: PERSONALITY BILLY JOEL B. RAMOS BILLY JOEL B. RAMOS PROFESSOR, SOCIAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT
CHAPTER 3: PERSONALITY BILLY JOEL B. RAMOS
CHAPTER 3:
PERSONALITY
BILLY JOEL B. RAMOS

BILLY JOEL B. RAMOS

3: PERSONALITY BILLY JOEL B. RAMOS BILLY JOEL B. RAMOS PROFESSOR, SOCIAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT COLLEGE OF

PROFESSOR, SOCIAL SCIENCES DEPARTMENT COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES MINDANAO TECHNOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND

PERSONALITY

Personality is commonly associated with the individual’s physical appearance which synonymous to external beauty or attractiveness sometimes accompanied by expressiveness and characteristic traits of speech. The term personality refers to the whole individual. The overall pattern, or the integration of his structures, modes of behavior, interests, attitudes, intellectual abilities, aptitude, and many other distinguishable personality traits.

PERSONALITY

in the “inner the called “depth
in
the
“inner
the
called
“depth

Friendliness, sociability, calmness in emergencies, general vigor are some personality traits that are rather evident. Personality traits are measured most readily by rating scales, questionnaires, and pencil-and-paper test of personality.

are also consisting of
are
also
consisting
of

Psychologist personality” Factors.”

interested

PERSONALITY

An understanding personality may help us in many ways in our daily lives. The business student particularly, needs to understand personality because of the part it plays in motivation, in human relations and in leadership.

needs to understand personality because of the part it plays in motivation, in human relations and
needs to understand personality because of the part it plays in motivation, in human relations and

PERSONALITY

Failure in business, industry, and any occupation may often be attributed to personality problem rather than to lack of aptitude. In such cases, personality differences may account for success on one hand and failure on the other hand.

•   In such cases, personality differences may account for success on one hand and failure
•   In such cases, personality differences may account for success on one hand and failure

PERSONALITY

There are two factors that give rise to personality. Heredity and Environment, the causes which lie within and those which take effect from without results in personality. Both come out in various form and their combination results in personality. What one is, depends only upon what one has inherited but also upon influence of environment in part; the house, the school, the church, the club, the neighborhood, the state and nation of which one belongs.

PERSONALITY

Personality in some degree depends upon the nervous system, the inherited complexity and plasticity to which determines sensation, perception, memory, imagination, and associative thoughts. The intricate mechanism of interconnecting neurons is continually modified by experience or training, yet it retains its basic nature.

ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY

Padilla 1969 has classified the personality traits into the following aspect.

1.Physical 2.Mental 3.Emotional 4.Social 5.Moral 6.Spiritual

ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY

The Physical Aspect

The entire physiological system is determined by heredity and environment. Posture, body build and size, complexion and facial expression, as well the appropriateness and condition of clothes, comprise the physical appearance of a person. Physical aspect has a lot to do with personality.

of clothes, comprise the physical appearance of a person. •   Physical aspect has a lot

THE PHYSICAL ASPECT Four kinds of personality based on physique illustrated by krestchmer;

1.The athletic type –

the person is tall and well-built

2.The asthenic type –

the person is tall and tin, highly idealistic, unsociable and deeper thinker; he is the introvert type;

3.

The pyknic type –

the person is short or fat, Happy-go-lucky, adaptable, alertness between moods and elation and depression but will be predominantly extroverted.

4.The dysplastic type

this is non-classified type.

ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY THE MENTAL ASPECT

The Mental Aspect

How the person talks, the range of ideas he expresses, and the things he talk about, as well as his values and mental alertness give evidence of his intellectual capacity.

and the things he talk about, as well as his values and mental alertness give evidence

ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY THE EMOTIONAL ASPECT

The Emotional Aspect

The person’s emotional makeup is shown by his likes and dislikes, whether he is aggressive or docile, how he responds when things becomes difficult, how quickly he is given to anger, whether he can take a job or not, what kind of sense of humor he possesses, and the like.

quickly he is given to anger, whether he can take a job or not, what kind
quickly he is given to anger, whether he can take a job or not, what kind

ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY

The Social Aspect – This has to do with social contact. It is how well a person conducts himself with other people and how well he observes the rules of etiquette hat govern society. Sociable, approachable and friendly men and women know how to get along with both friends and foes. Socially, there are extroverts, introverts, and ambiverts.

ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY SOCIAL ASPECT
ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY
SOCIAL ASPECT

Extroverts

George Crane (1960), Summarized the characteristics of extrovert as follows:

Men of Action Happy-go-lucky Seek others for their happiness Act immediately on what they consider Right; Not easily embarrassed Rarely blush Laugh readily, imbued with sportsmanship Fluent in speech Can accept and give orders.

•   Laugh readily, imbued with sportsmanship •   Fluent in speech •   Can accept
•   Laugh readily, imbued with sportsmanship •   Fluent in speech •   Can accept
ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY SOCIAL ASPECT
ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY
SOCIAL ASPECT

Introverts

Men of thoughts Who likes to work alone Day dreamer Inclined to worry Blush easily Laugh little Write better than talk Hard and slow in giving Prone to argue and feel easily hurt Deliberate on what to wear and eat Rebel when given orders Suspicious.

feel easily hurt •   Deliberate on what to wear and eat •   Rebel when

ASPECTS OF PERSONALITY THE SPIRITUAL AND THE MORAL

The Spiritual Aspect

This is the conscious of higher values in life. Religion express spiritual value. It includes the person’s faith, beliefs, philosophy and the like.

The Moral Aspect

This has to do with person’s awareness of the difference between what is wrong or right, his positive or negative adherence to the do’s and don’ts of the society.

HOW FAR CAN PERSONALITY BE ACQUIRED?

Environment may bring out some of the best and some of the worst personality, depending upon the relation between the inherited traits and the social stimuli. The social Environment may have either a constructive or destructive effect on the personality. Personality is being acquired or modified everyday. Every experience affects personality.

PERSONALITY FACTORS RELATED TO JOB PRODUCTION AND TURNOVER

Barton and Catell (1971) found that personality factors and specific work attitudes determine whether a person will be promoted, not promoted, or leave the job.

THE FILIPINO VALUES AND PERSONALITY

It is generally accepted that highly generalized value and attitude system form deeper level of personality content. Values affect business and the management of organizations. One might ask the following questions:

Why do Filipino behave and continue to behave the way you do? What forces contributed to the development of the unique personality of the Filipinos?

THE FILIPINO VALUES AND PERSONALITY

defined

important, and desirable in life.It can be illustrated in the way it is seen at work in one’s behavior. For instance, a working student who is a clerk in an office by day and a college student by night, is motivated by any number of values, among them the need for a college education or social mobility, or the possibility of self-improvement through education, or the desirability of a certain status or role.

The

term

value

is

as

anything

good,

THE FILIPINO VALUES AND PERSONALITY

All of these are values in the sense that they are standard used in the making decision, in the case, to work his way through college as a clerk in an office.

The

education for him is a belief or conviction. The rating that he gives to his probable future status w/o a college degree, his present status as an office clerk, and the status he believes he will enjoy when he has to earned his degree.

possibility

of

improving

one’s

lot

through

AIMS AND GOAL

Philippine

explained in terms of aims and goals. Father Lynch (1964) describes the aim to be at work in the observed behavior in the lowland Filipino. He states that Filipino aims at social acceptance, economic security, and social mobility.

cultural

values

and

attitudes

may

be

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE

One of the most frequently observed pattern of Filipino Behavior which highly desirable to him, is the ability to accept one’s fellow for what one is, thinks one’s self to be, or would like to be, and be give the treatment due to one’s station. Father Lynch considers this as the most important among Filipino behaviors. Two other Intermediate values

Smoothness of interpersonal relations (SIR) Sensitivity of personal affront (Self-esteem) or often called “amor propio

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE •   What SIR implies?
SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE
•   What SIR implies?

Avoid outward sign of conflict, Sour looks, Harsh words, physical violence. SIR means to the Filipinos, being agreeable, even under difficult circumstances, and keeping quiet or trying to “Please” the ability to get along well with others is explicitly and highly valued in Philippines society.

“Please” •   the ability to get along well with others is explicitly and highly valued

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE “PAKIKISAMA”

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE “PAKIKISAMA” •   The management or organization or business under the Philippine have, in

The management or organization or business under the Philippine have, in the majority of cases two types of employees:

a.Marunong na, marunong pang makisama

a.

Those who knows their jobs and can also get along with others

b.Marunong makisama

a.

Those who do not know their jobs but can get along with others.

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE “PAKIKISAMA”

The meaning of pakikisamais expanded by the attitude of Utang na Loob”, a Tagalog term w/c means a debt of gratitude. Every Filipino is expected to possess “utang na loob,” one of the principles of reciprocity which is part of the Filipino Culture.

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE UTANG NGA LOOB

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE UTANG NGA LOOB

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE UTANG NGA LOOB

1. A person who is helped is expected to show his gratitude otherwise, he will be branded as “walang hiya” especially if the depth of gratitude is extremely great.

2. A Filipino may patronize a store, not because the products are good, or because it has a good reputation for offering discounts, but because he has “utang na loob” to the owner.

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE UTANG NGA LOOB

3.

not most

competent among the applicants just because he has the personal ties, the family connections and family solidarity.

One may

get

a

job

even if

he

is

4. One may not have the courage to protest an assignment because of the prevailing emphasis on “Utang na loob” obligation.

SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE “PAKIKISAMA”

Other side of pakikisama is “Concession” --- tendency to behave as part of a group so that he becomes obligated to the group.

Example: A boy on the eve of his final exams goes with his “barkada” to a late night party, on spite of the cramming he has to do.

The idea of “pakikisama” here is “giving in”

“AMOR PROPIO” SELF ESTEEM

Or sensitivity of personal affront, although indirectly taught is valued consciously but implicitly.

An emotional high tension wire that girds the Filipino’s self, protecting him from disparagement or questioning he most zealously guards as his own best claim to others; respects and Esteem.

The Filipino has to hide his feelings of inadequacy from critical eyes of other people.

“AMOR PROPIO” SELF ESTEEM

The Filipino has to hide his feelings of inadequacy from critical eyes of other people.

Pakitang

Tao

He

does

display

superficial

behavior Pagpaparangya possessions.

impresses

others

with

his

Where

there

is

emotional

involvement,

there

is

“amor propio” and to prick “amor propio” is to ask trouble. Batacan (1966) refers to “amor propio” as the cause of the inability of Filipinos to tolerate negative evaluations from others.

PERSONALITY FOR BUSINESS

Personality, the most distinctive feature of any individual, is one of the major qualifications in applying for a job. Although personality shows it self even when there are no people around to impress. We shall discuss personality in terms of external impression, which are recognized easily. Appearances are often deceiving.

ETIQUETTE IN BUSINESS

BY CARNEY AND CONFIRM BY POST (1967)

To be considered correct dressed, you will need to buy your clothes from the standpoint of suitability.

(1967) •   To be considered correct dressed, you will need to buy your clothes from

ETIQUETTE IN BUSINESS

BY CARNEY AND CONFIRM BY POST (1967)

Facial Appearance For some is a minor part of personality. Lairds (1961) believe that it becomes a major item when the appearance is either unusually attractive or unusually homely. In using cosmetics, Carney stresses that too much rough will make a girl look older and cheap. Plainness can be a steeping stone to personal magnetism. Personal appearance is valuable for its own sake, particularly for who who meet in the public specifically those in business.

ETIQUETTE IN BUSINESS

BY CARNEY AND CONFIRM BY POST (1967)

An Effective Personality One’s personality is considered effective when a person’s behavior manifests successful adjustment to a given area of his environment. The key to a good personality is the ability to adjust equally well to various types of like situations, to make those responses which result in the greatest satisfaction of both oneself and one’s associates. Personality has a great deal to do with holding a job. In the business field, a salesmen has to deal with people and influence them favorable toward the product that he is selling.

MATURE PERSONALITY

Peale (1986) points out that a mature personality is that which takes into account the elements of physicality, morality, and spirituality in balanced combinations. He further explains that to have it takes time. It implies patience and endurance. One has to work to gain it. Mature personality development requires the proper blending of the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual aspects of life.

MATURE PERSONALITY

Mature personality has no definition. One may put it as “An individual’s personality habits, attitudes and traits as well as of adjustment that determines the maintenance of his self-respect in relation to his environment”* A mature person realized what his strength and weakness are.

EARMARKS OF A MATURE PERSONALITY

In

business,

mature

scientist

the

personality

generally

a

agree

is

requisite.

the

a

that

Behavioral

following

mature personality:

are

identifying

marks

marks

of

1.A mature person accepts responsibilities; he does not shrink from duties. 2.He accepts an unpleasant task, considering it as a normal or ordinary experience which shapes his life. 3.He does not nurse grudges. Instead, he tires to understand others and does not insist on being understand by them.

EARMARKS OF A MATURE PERSONALITY

4.He is amiable and enjoys the company of many difference persons. He tries to remember every person not by his imperfections but by the desirable qualities he finds in him. Thus his friendship if long lasting. 5.He does not expect his fellowmen to be perfect since he knows that everyone is subject to human frailties. 6.A mature individuals has lots of patience and perseverance towards work since he is aware of the fact that it requires time before he can profit from them

EARMARKS OF A MATURE PERSONALITY

7.He can accept, even enlist, help, considering this not a sign of weakness but of maturity. 8.He has tolerance.* 9.He profits from constructive criticism. 10.He knows that he cannot always dependent upon his parents for support. A mature individual then tends to increase his responsibility specially at time he has his own family 11.He works with a long-range plan. 12.Experts are one in their view that a mature person has courage to do right when other around him doing wrong.

PERSONALITY CAN BE IMPROVED

Improving one’s effect upon others is the goal of anybody. Since no two individuals are exactly alike, no two people can be improved by exactly the same plan. If you really wish to improve your personality, you need to develop your know-how in such areas as; manner of speaking, understanding of other people, their attitudes and belief. Improving your personality in a sincere and lasting way will be much work but will be fun too, because centers your attention upon people, yourself and others.

SUGGESTIONS FOR PERSONALITY IMPROVEMENT

Some of Dr. Roy Beuher’s suggestions to improve personality follow; 1.Be conscious of the other person, Talk about the subject that interest him, and he will regard you as a person with an interesting personality. 2.Assume that people like you. If you show that you want people to talk to you, they will respond warmly. 3.Admit you defect 4.Admire your friends

SUGGESTIONS FOR PERSONALITY IMPROVEMENT

5. Association with people who are successful and

happy. Seek the company of others who can give you new points of view and thoughts, new hopes and new life.

6. Attend social gathering

7. Change your environment occasionally. Take a

vacation and rest in a new place. Change your home and house atmosphere whenever you can.

REASONS FOR DEVELOPING PERSONALITY

The development of our personality is our great responsibility. Some reasons why there is a need for developing personality are

1.For social acceptance 2.For self-satisfactions, 3.For self-confidence, and 4.To keep our selves on the job