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CAUSES OF TARDINESS AMONG STEM STUDENTS

IN PANGASINAN STATE UNIVERSITY - BAYAMBANG CAMPUS

A Qualitative Research
Presented to
the Faculty of the Senior High School
Pangasinan State University-Bayambang Campus
Bayambang, Pangasinan

In Partial Fulfillment
of the Requirements for the Course
Practical research 1
11-STEM

Michael Brian M. Galvan


Celina Fe B. Frias
Virgen AJ F. Zareno
Monique B. Herrera
Riza Jean H. Manzano
Erica C. Cayabyab
Mario Jr. C. Macaranas
Roma Marie L. Signey

May 2019

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The researchers wish to express their heartfelt gratitude and appreciation to the

following who have inspired, guided, strengthened, and supported them in this endeavor.

Nelda J. Garcia, Ph.D., our Practical Research 1 adviser, for her tremendous

contribution into giving consultation and assistance in completing this study;

Mr. Alberto D. Agbuya, Instructor 1, for providing the researchers with

measureless encouragement and more over for his timely support and guidance until the

completion of this study;

Ms. Princess Arjhel F. Alberto, our validator, who took keen interest on the study

and guided the researchers all along as well as providing all the necessary information for

developing a good system;

Finally, to the Almighty God, the ultimate source of life, love, knowledge, wisdom,

strength and perseverance, for the realization/fulfillment of this endeavor.

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DEDICATION

The researchers would like to give their sincerest gratitude to their families,

friends and loved ones who guided them all throughout their journey in making this study

and also for reminding them that, “We can do all things through Christ who gives us

strength.”

Michael Brian M. Galvan


Celina Fe B. Frias
Monique B. Herrera
Virgen AJ F. Zareno
Riza Jean H. Manzano
Mario Jr. C. Macaranas
Erica C. Cayabyab
Roma Marie L. Signey

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Title Page ………………………………………………………………………………….i

Acknowledgement……………………………………………………..………………....ii

Dedication ……………………………………….…………….…….……………….….iii

Table of Contents …………………………………………..…………………………...iv

List of Tables ………………………...…………………………………………………vii

List of Figure…………………………………….……………………………………..viii

Abstract………………………...……………………………………………………...…ix

Chapter

I. THE PROBLEM

1.1. Rationale ……………………………………………………..………………1

1.2. Theoretical Framework …………………...………..…………….…..………3

1.3. Conceptual Framework ……………………………..………...………...……4

1.4. Statement of the Problem ……………………………………………...……..7

1.5. Scope and Delimitations …………………………………………..………....7

1.6. Significance of the Study ……………………………………………..……...8

1.7. Definition of Terms ………………………………………………..……..….8

II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

2.1. Related Literature ……………………………………………………..…….10

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2.2. Related Studies …………………………………………………………..…13

2.3. Synthesis ……………………………………………………………...…….15

III. METHODOLOGY

3.1. Research Design …………………………………………………………….17

3.2. Sources of Data ……………………………………………………………..17

Locale of the Study ………………………………………...……………17

Population Sampling …………………………………………………….18

3.3. Instrument of Data Collection …………………………………………........18

3.4.Statistical Source of Data ……………………………………………………19

IV. PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

4.1. Profile Variable ……………………………………………………………..20

4.2.Causes of Tardiness………………………………………………………….22

4.3.Focus Group Discussion…………………………………………………..…25

V. SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1. Summary ……………………………………………………………………27

5.2. Findings …………………………………………………………………….28

5.3. Conclusions …………………………………………………………………29

5.4. Recommendations …………………………………………………………..30

BIBLIOGRAPHY………………………………………………………………………31

APPENDICES

A. Letter of Permission to Conduct the study………………………….……32

B. Letter to the Student – Respondents……………………..………………33

C. Letter to the Validator of the Interview Guide…………………………..34

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D. Letter to the Validator of the Interview Guide………………………..…35

CURRICULUM VITAE……………………………………………………………….36

DOCUMENTATION………………………………………………………………….44

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LIST OF TABLES
Table Title Page
1 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents in terms of their Age 20

2 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents in terms of their Sex 20

3 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents in terms 21


of their Address (Distance away from PSU in kilometer)

4 Frequency Distribution of the Respondents in terms 21


of their Grade Point Average

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LIST OF FIGURE
Figure Title Page
1 Research Paradigm 6

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ABSTRACT

Title : CAUSES OF TARDINESS AMONG STEM STUDENTS IN

PANGASINAN STATE UNIVERSITY-BAYAMBANG CAMPUS

(PSU-BC)

Researchers : Michael Brian Galvan, Celina Fe Frias, Monique Herrera, Virgen

AJ Zareno, Riza Jean Manzano, Mario Jr. Macaranas, Erica

Cayabyab and Roma Marie Signey.

Strand : Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

Institution : Pangasinan State University Integrated Schools

: Senior High School

: Bayambang, Pangasinan

Adviser : Nelda J. Garcia, Ph.D.

Summary

This study was premised on the Causes of Tardiness among Science, Technology

Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Students of Pangasinan State University -

Bayambang Campus (PSU-BC). Specifically, it sought to answer the following questions:

1.) What is the personal profile of the respondents in terms of the following: 1.1) Sex, 1.2)

Age, 1.3) Address, and 1.4) Grade Point Average (GPA) in the first semester of S.Y. 2018-

2019?; 2.) What are the causes of tardiness regarding the following: 2.1) Student’s

Personality Trait, 2.2) Student’s Environment, and 2.3) Student’s usage on the Internet? ;

and 3.) What are the possible interventions to prevent the causes of tardiness?

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The salient findings were: (1) From the overall population based on age, the highest

frequency of respondents are at the age of 18 with a total of frequency of 5 and with a

percentage of fifty percent 50℅, and lowest frequency of respondents are at the age of 16

with a total frequency of 1 and with a percentage of 10%. From the overall population

(N=10), based on the sex there are 7 female respondents with a percentage of 70℅ as

compared to only 3 male respondents with 30℅. From the overall population (N=10), based

on the distance away from PSU in kilometer the highest frequency which is 4 respondents

have the distance of 18 kilometers and the lowest frequency which is 1 respondent has the

distance of 15 kilometers. And from the overall population, based from the GPA in the

school year (2018-2019) the highest frequency which is 7 respondents have the GPA that

ranges from 86-90 while the lowest frequency which is three (3) respondents have the GPA

that ranges from 91-95. (2)The researchers have interviewed several respondents about the

causes of tardiness regarding the student’s personality trait, student’s environment and

student’s usage on the internet. Student’s Personality trait: the results came out that 6 out

of 10 respondents procrastinate their schoolworks, 5 out of 10 respondents are addicted to

games, 1 out of 10 respondents is exhausted in doing a lot of work. Student’s environment

: the results came out that three 3 out of 10 respondents said friends, 1 out of 10 respondents

said family, 3 out of 10 respondents said traffic, 3 out of 10 respondents said weathering,

1 out of 10 respondents said lack of vehicles to ride when going to school. Student’s

Usage on the Internet: 10 out of 10 respondents stated that that they use Internet by any

means of electronic device approximately four 4 hours to nineteen 19 hours for playing

games, watching videos online and browsing social media accounts mainly facebook. (3)

The researchers have interviewed several respondents about the possible interventions to

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prevent the causes of tardiness and the result came out that 10 out of 10 respondents stated

that that the possible interventions to prevent the causes of tardiness is to have time

management, self discipiline and most importantly setting the priorities first.

The conclusions: (1) Personality Traits such as laziness, procrastination, and

addiction to games could highly affect the students in becoming tardy in class and this

could result to serious problems in the academic performance of the student; (2) Students’

environment is the sum total of the students’ personality therefore whatever surrounds the

student will always be reflected with the kind of person he/she has; and (3) Long exposure

of the student in the Internet may affect the time of studying and doing school work of the

student.

These are recommended:(1) Active supervision of students in common areas during

all transitions period; (2) Clear definition and explicit teaching of expectations for behavior

during transition periods; (3) Immediate and consistent consequences for tardiness; and (4)

Data-based decision making with respect to intervention planning and monitoring of

outcomes.

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