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ANTEPARTUM B- Backache

D- Dyspnea
I. PSYCHOLOGICAL TASKS OF PREGNANCY H- headache
First trimester accepting the pregnancy
Second trimester accepting the fetus
INTRAPARTUM
Third trimester preparing for the baby

I. PERINEAL & ABDOMINAL EXERCISES


II. PRESUMPTIVE SIGNS
(MACFLUQ) 1. Tailor sitting
2. Squatting
M- Morning sickness 3. Pelvic floor Contractions
A- Amenorrhea (Kegel exercise)
C- Changes in breast 4. Abdominal muscle contractions
F- Fatigue 5. Pelvic rocking
L- Lassitude
U- Urinary frequency II. METHODS OF NON- PHARMACOLOGICAL
Q- Quickening (18th-20th weeks) PAIN MANAGEMENT

III. PROBABLE SIGNS 1. The Bradley (Partner coached) method


(CHUPBOGS) 2. The Psychosexual method
3. . The Dick-read method
C- Chadwicks 4. The Lamaze method
H- hegar a. Conscious Relaxation
U- uterine enlargement b. Cleansing breath
P- positive pregnancy test c. Consciously controlled breathing
B- ballottment d. Focusing or imagery
O- outlining of fetal body e. effleurage
G- goodells
S- souffle, contraction, Braxton hicks III. Alternative method of birth

IV. POSITIVE SIGNS 1. Leboyer Method


(F:HMS) 2. Hydrotherapy and water birth

Fetal heartbeat IV. Theories of labor


Fetal movement
(POUP2)
Fetal skeleton

V. DISCOMFORTS OF EARLY PREGNANCY P- Prostaglandin Theory


(BCF2H2) O- Oxytocin theory
U- Uterine stretch theory
B- Breast tenderness P- Placental Degeneration Theory
C- Constipation P- Progesterone Deprivation Theory
F- Fatigue
F- Frequent urination V. COMPONENTS OF LABOR
H- Hemorrhoids (5 P’S)
H- Hypotension
P- Passenger (The Fetus)
VI. DISCOMFORTS OF MIDDLE & LATE P- Passageway (the pelvis)
PREGNANCY
P- Power (uterine contraction and bearing
(ABDH)
down efforts)
A- Ankle edema P- Placental position and functions
P- Psychological response 1st degree: injury to vaginal mucosa
2nd degree: injury to perineal body
VI. LABOR 3rd degree: injury to anal sphincter
4th degree: injury to rectal mucosa

XII. SIGNS PLACENTAL SEPARATION

Sudden gush of blood


VII. FACTORS AFFECTING LABOR Lengthening of cord
(CLAPPS) Calkin’s sign

C- contraction XIII. METHODS OF PLACENTAL SEPARATION


L- lie
A- attitude Duncun
P- presentation Schultz
P- position
S- station
POSTPARTUM
VIII. FETAL STATION
I. PHASES OF THE PUERPERIUM
(TiThL)

Taking- in
Taking- hold
Letting- go

II. POST PARTUM ASSESSMENT


(BUBLESHE)

B- breast
IX. STAGES OF LABOR
U- uterus
B- bladder
1st Stage: Stage of Dilatation
B- bowel
2nd Stage: Stage of Expulsion
L- lochia
3rd Stage: Placental Stage
E- episiotomy
4th Stage: Recovery Stage
S- skin
H- homan’s sign
X. PROGRESS OF LABOR
E- emotional response
(D FIRE ERE)
III. LOCHIA
D- Descent
F- Flexion
IR- Internal Rotation
E- Extension
CHILD
ER- External Rotation I. 4 HEAT LOSS MECHANISM
E- Expulsion (REC2)

R- Radiation
XI. PERINEAL LACERATION E- Evaporation
C- Convection
C- Conduction VII. PLAYS APPROPRIATE FOR AGE

Age Group Play


II. TRANSITION PERIOD
Infants Solitary
First period of reactivity Toddlers Parallel
Resting period Preschool Associative
Second period of reactivity School age Cooperative
Adolescents Competitive
III. APGAR SCORING

IV. BREAST FEEDING

A. ADVANTAGES: WOMEN

1. Oxytocin: Uterine involution


2. Family planning method
3. Decrease cost and preparation time
4. Bonding

B. ADVANTAGES: INFANT

1. IgA
2. Lactoferin
3. Lysozyme
4. Leukocytes
5. Macrophages
6. Bifidus Factor
7. High in lactose
8. Linoleic acid

V. STOOL

VI. BASIC DIVISION OF CHILDHOOD

Stage Age period


Neonate first 28 days of
life
Infant 1 month- 1
year
Toddler 1-3 years
Preschooler 3-5 years
School- age 6-12 years
child
Adolescent 13-17 years
Late 18-21 years
adolescent