Sie sind auf Seite 1von 2

Honors Chemistry Extra Stoichiometry Problems

1. Silver nitrate reacts with barium chloride to form silver chloride and barium nitrate.

a. Write and balance the chemical equation.

2 AgNO 3 + BaCl 2 ! 2 AgCl + Ba(NO 3 ) 2

b. If 39.02 grams of barium chloride are reacted in an excess of silver nitrate, how many representative particles (and what type) of silver chloride are produced?

39. 02 !

1

1 !

208. 233 !

2 6. 02 10 !" . .

1 !

1

= 2. 256 10 !" . .

c. If 410.8 grams of barium nitrate are produced how many grams of silver nitrate were reacted?

410. 8 ( ! ) !

1

1 ( ! ) !

261. 335 ( ! ) !

2 ! 169. 872 !

1 ( ! ) !

1 !

= 534. 1 !

2. Nitrogen gas is reacted with hydrogen gas to form nitrogen trihydride.

a. Write and balance the chemical equation.

N 2(g) + 3 H 2(g) ! 2 NH 3(g)

b. How many liters of nitrogen trihydride are produced at STP if 80.28 grams of hydrogen gas are reacted in an excess of nitrogen?

80. 28 !

1

1 ! 2 !

3 !

22. 4 !

2. 016 !

1 !

= 594. 7 !

c. How many grams of hydrogen are needed to fully react 621.9 grams of nitrogen gas?

621. 9 !

1 ! 3 ! 2. 016 !

1

!

1 !

1

28. 014 !

= 134. 3 !

d. How many liters of nitrogen gas are needed to completely react 90.38 L of hydrogen gas at STP?

90. 28 ! 1 !

1

22. 4 !

90. 28 !

1

1

!

3 !

22. 4 !

1

!

OR

!

3 !

1

= 30. 09 !

=

30. 09 !

3. For the following problem, use the following chemical equation:

C 8 H 18(l) + O 2(g) ! CO 2(g) + H 2 O (g)

a. Balance the chemical equation.

2 C 8 H 18(l) + 25 O 2(g) ! 16 CO 2(g) + 18 H 2 O (g)

b. How many moles of oxygen are needed to fully react 837.4 grams of C 8 H 18 ?

837. 4 ! !"

1

1

! !"

114. 232 ! !"

25 !

2

! !"

= 91. 63 !

c. How many liters of carbon dioxide gas are formed at STP when 3.829 x 10 25 representative particles of C 8 H 18 are reacted in an excess of oxygen gas?

3 . 829 10 !" ! !"

1

1

! !"

6 . 02 10 !" ! !"

16 !

22 . 4 !

2

! !"

1 !

= 1 . 140 10 ! !

d. How many grams of water are produced when 382.9 liters of oxygen gas at STP are fully reacted?

382. 9 ! 1 ! 18 ! 18. 015 !

1

22. 4 !

25 !

1 !

= 221. 7 !