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LE GENRE DES NOMS EN FRANÇAIS

THE common nouns are either masculine or feminine in French.


Some common nouns that are masculine
Garçon -Boy
Homme -man
Livre – Book
Dictionnaire- Dictionary
Lit -Bed
Stylo -Pen
Crayon – Pencil
Mouchoir -Handkerchief
Sac -Bag
Légume -Vegetable
Cahier -Notebook
Calendrier -Calender
Mur -wall
Sac - bag

Some common nouns that are feminine


Fille – daughter, girl
Femme – Woman, wife
Fenêtre – window
Porte – door
Cravate -tie
Robe – Dress
Jupe -skirt
Montre -watch
Clé- Key
Horloge -clock
Table -table
Chaise – chair
Gomme -eraser
Règle -ruler
Nouns ending in ment are always masculine
Monument -monument
Bâtiment – building
Sentiment -sentiment
Appartement -appartment
Nouns ending in tion, ssion are always feminine
Émotion -emotion
Question -question
Action- action
Nation -nation
Passion -passion
Émission de radio – Radio programme
Profession -profession
How to make singular nouns plural in French
In most cases singular nouns are made plural by adding an s at the end of the
word
Examples
Garçon – garçons
Homme -hommes
Stylo- Stylos
Livre -Livres
Femme -femmes
Fille – filles
Table- tables
Chaise -Chaises
Monument -monuments
Profession -professions

Singular Nouns ending in eau take x in plural


Eau (f) – water plural -eaux (waters)
Manteau (m) – overcoat – plural manteaux (overcoats)
Cadeau (m) – gift – plural cadeaux. (gifts)
Gâteau (m) – cake – plural gâteaux (cakes)
Château (m) -castle – plural châteaux. (castles)

Singular nouns ending in s remain the same in plural


Fils (m) – son plural – fils (sons)
Bus (m) – bus plural – bus (buses)
Os (m) -bone plural – os (bones)
Souris (f) -mouse plural souris (mice)
Singular nouns ending in x remain the same in plural
Voix (f) – voice plural -voix (voices)
Prix (m) – price plural – prix (prices)
Noix (f) -walnut plural – noix (walnuts)
Singular nouns ending in z remain the same in plural
Nez (m) -nose plural nez (noses)
Singular nouns ending in eu take x in plural
Jeu (m) -game plural -jeux (games)
Feu (m) – fire plural -feux (fires)
Cheveu (m) – hair plural – cheveux (hair)
Singular nouns ending in al take aux in plural
Cheval (m) -horse plural chevaux (horses)
Journal (m) – newspaper plural journaux (newspapers)
Animal (m) – animal plural animaux (animals)
Hôpital (m) – hospital plural hôpitaux (hospitals)
But there are exceptions
Bal (m) – ball dance plural bals (ball dances)
Festival (m) -festival plural festivals (festivals)
Chacal (m) -jackal plural chacals (jackals)
Carnaval (m) – carnival plural carnavals (carnivals)
Singular nouns ending in ou take x in plural
Genou (m) -knee plural genoux (knees)
Chou (m) – cabbage plural choux (cabbages)
Bijou (m) -jewel plural bijoux (jewels)
Hibou (m) -owl plural hiboux (owls)
But there are exceptions
Cou (m) – neck plural cous (neck)
Trou (m) – hole plural trous (holes)
Clou (m)- nail plural clous (nails)
Fou (m) – mad man plural fous (mad men/ people)
Some nouns exist only in plural form
Vacances (fpl)- vacation
Toilettes (fpl) – toilet
Gens (mpl) – people
Funérailles (fpl) – funeral
Ténèbres (fpl) – darkness, obscurity.
Singular nouns ending in ail take aux in plural
Travail (m) – work plural travaux (works)
Vitrail (m) stained glass plural vitraux (stained glasses)
Some nouns take a different form in plural
Œil (m) -eye plural yeux (eyes)