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FACULTY OF CHEMICAL & NATURAL RESOUCES ENGINEERING

FINAL EXAMINATION

COURSE : ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY

COURSE CODE : DKK1352

LECTURER : MOHD FAIZAL ALl

SITI KHOLIJAH ABDUL MUDALIP

DATE : 4 JANUARY 2017

DURATION : 2 HOURS

SESSION/SEMESTER : SESSION 2016/2017 SEMESTER I

PROGRAMME CODE : DKK

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATE:

1. This question paper consists of FOUR (4) questions. Answer ALL questions.
2. All answers to a new question should start on a new page.
3. All the calculations and assumptions must be clearly stated.
4. Candidates are not allowed to bring any material other than those allowed by
the invigilator into the examination room.

EXAMINATION REQUIRMENTS: -

DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

This examination paper consists of SIX (6) printed pages including front page.

CONFIDENTIAL DKK/161711DKK1352

QUESTION 1

Figure 1 shows the circuit network consists of four resistors and two voltage sources.

R1 R3
220 7.5

Vs1
12V 10

Vs2
20V

Figure 1: Circuit network 1.

a) Using the mesh analysis or loop current method, determine the current flow in R 2 . State
and label the direction of current flow and voltages in the circuit.
(11 Marks)

b) Use the superposition theorem to find the current flow through R2.
(14 Marks)

CONFIDENTIAL DKK/161 71/DKK1352

QUESTION 2

Figure 2 shows a circuit networks that consists of four inductors, three resistors and one AC
voltage source. Based on figure 2,

12 mH

Vs20 /250V
(f= 1 kHz)
6 mH

Figure 2: Circuit network 2.

a) Calculate total impedance Z'r (in polar form).


(14 Marks)

b) Determine total current IT (in polar form).


(3 Marks)

c) Calculate the power factor (PF) and apparent power (Pa).


(4 Marks)

d) Draw a phasor diagram that showing the Z, IT and source voltage. Then, describe the
relationship between the source voltage and IT.

(4 Marks)

CONFIDENTIAL DKK/16171/DKK1352

QUESTION 3

Figure 3 shows the circuit network analysis of Delta-Y system with balanced load.

'L2

I Io=5OL1000A 'L3

Iøa = 50L201 0 At ) I0b = 50L1400 : ./6Q'i'

Za=8+j6C
ILI

Figure 3: Three phase system with A-Y configuration.

a) Determine the following:


i) Line current (IL) for each line (in polar form).
(6 Marks)

ii) Load current (Iz) for each load (in polar form).
(3 Marks)

iii) Load voltage (VL) for each load (in polar form).
(8 Marks)

iv) The magnitude of the phase voltage (V9).


(2 Marks)

b) State TWO (2) advantages of three phase and TWO (2) disadvantages of single phase.
(4 Marks)

c) Give TWO (2) examples of the device that needs three phase supply.
(2 Mark)

CONFIDENTIAL DKK/16171/DKK1352

QUESTION 4

a) Three 500 V generators from a wye-connected source that is connected to a balanced


wye-connected load of Z= 0.848 +jO.529 kQ per phase as show in Figure 4. Determine:

((>N)
'c1
V0, = 500Z 1200 V

500 L-120°YVoa.=500ZOOV
L1i+

Figure 4:Y-Y system.

i) Each load current;


(8 Marks)

ii) Each load voltage;


(3 Marks)

b) A basic transformer is an electrical device constructed of two coils of wire (windings)


magnetically coupled to each other so that there is a mutual inductance for the transfer of
power from one winding to the other.

i) What is the meaning of mutual inductance?


(2 Marks)
DKK/16171JDKK1352
CONFIDENTIAL

ii) When two coils having inductances of 8 pH and 3.5 pH respectively were wound
uniformly onto a non-magnetic core, it was found that their mutual inductance was
2.5 iH. Calculate the coupling coefficient that exists between these two coils.

(3 Marks)

iii) Calculate the voltage across the secondary winding if the efficiency of the
transformer is 86% for the transformer in Figure 5.
(3 Marks)

Vpri = 250 RL = 60 C)

Figure 5: Schematic diagram of a transformer.

iv) State THREE (3) differences between step up and step down transformer.
(6 Marks)

EN]) OF QUESTION PAPER