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Allium

Tangerang Hotel
Table Manners

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Table Manner
1. Basic Definition : Etiquette used while eating
2. Appropriate use of utensil
3. Different culture observe different rules for table
manners

‘Table manner is not just eating, which might


include about how we talk, act, socialize and also
the use of utensils elegantly’.
Secara harfiah artinya : table adalah meja, dan manners adalah tata cara / etika
Perjamuan.

Table manners adalah suatu tata cara atau etika makan dan minum yang
baik dan benar di meja makan dalam menghadapi suatu perjamuan yang
mencakup :

 Penampilan
 Sikap / bahasa tubuh
 Tutur kata
 Sopan santun
 Penggunaan alat makan
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For the first time Table Manner introduced by and French Royal Family by King Louis
XIV to respect and entertain the guest of Royal Family or dignitary.

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Louis XIV
(people who introduced table manner by
inviting nobles)
”orang yang memperkenalkan cara makan dengan
mengundang para bangsawan)‟”

Louis XIV was born September 5th , 1638 - died


September 1st , 1715 at the age of 76 years) was king of
France and Navarre was crowned on May 14, 1643 at the
age of five.

He has only begun to take full power since the death of his
chief minister Jules Cardinal Mazarin in 1661. Louis XVI
was also dubbed the King of the Sun or Louis the Great.

He ruled France for 72 years of the longest period of rule


of monarchy in France and Europe.

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Pay Attention to:


Invitation
4W’s (What, Where, When, Whom) & RSVP/Repondez
s’il vous plait : the French phrase Répondez s'il vous plaît,
meaning "Please respond" to require confirmation of an invitation.

Be Punctual (Avoid Jam Karet)


Early & Inform for lateness in advance

Re-act in Positive way


Grooming, Greeting, Be Polite, Be Flexible, Body
Language, Smile.

Pay Attention to Guests


Shake-hand, Exchange Business Card, Eye Contact,
Language, Care and Show Respect.
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Table Manner around the world

In the Middle East and India, people eat


their food with their hands, in China and
Japan, people use chopstick

Afganistan : Kiss bread that is dropped on the floor,


when bread is dropped on the floor, it’s lifted and kissed.

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Pay Attention On:


Breakfast 06:00 – 10:00
Brunch 10:00 – 12:00
Lunch 12:00 – 15:00
Hors De Vours (High tea) 15:00 – 18:00
Dinner 18:00 – 23:00
Supper 23:00 – 04:00

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Style www.samalihotels.com

A la Carte
Table D'hote/Set Menu

Buffet Style Rijsttafel


( Rice Accompanient With 7 – 40 Kinds Food In
Small Portion) 8
The Way Of Seats www.samalihotels.com

Posture Of Your Body.

1. The Body Position Of The Body Should In The Upright Position


(Posisi Tubuh Harus Dalam Posisi Tegak ).
2. The Hand Position Could Be Put On Your Lap (Posisi Tangan
Bisa Diletakkan Di Pangkuan Anda).
3. The Position Of The Foot Is Normal(posisi Kaki Normal )
4. Don’t Put Your Elbows On The Table (Jangan Taruh Siku Anda
Di Atas Meja ).
5. In A Romantic Dinner, The Man Should Push The Woman’s Chair
In For Her (Dalam Makan Malam Romantis, Pria Harus
Mendorong Kursi Untuk Wanita ).
6. Sometimes The Waiter Will Do This For You Or The Lady
(Terkadang Pelayan Akan Melakukan Hal Tersebut Diatas
Untuk Anda Atau Wanita).

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Manners On The Table


Dos Donts
 Say Magic Word  Wear Hat
“Please & Thank  Long Suite
You”  Smoke
 Smile  Toothpick
 Polite  Make-up
 Elegant Behaviour

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Manners On The Table

How To Sit: Cutleries:


 Ladies First  Don’t Play With
 Aware Of Distance From Them
Table  Hold Them Right

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Manners On The Table

Hand Position : Napkin:


 Relax  Place It On The Right
 Don’t Hide Your Place
Finger  Just For Mouth
 Place On The Chair – If
Go Back
 Place On The Table -
Leave 12
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Manners On The Table

Avoid:
Cell-phone:
 Burping ( Bersendawa)  SilenT - Formal
 Coughing ( Batuk )  Don’t Use It
 Sneezing ( Bersin )  On~excuse
 Yawning ( Menguap )  Don’t Put It On The Table

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Manners On The Table

During Eating:
 Wait For Signs (Tunggu Tanda) Glass-ware:
 Chew It (Kunyah)  Use It Properly
 How To Hold
 Don’t Leave (Jangan Ditinggal)  Place It Right
 Don’t Transfer (Jangan Ditransfer)  Use It To Toast

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Manners On The Table

Conversation:
 Must Conclude & Farewell:
 Be Careful  Lady Leaves First
 Control Your Emotion  Wait For Signal
 Leave Naturally
 Say Good Bye
 Keep In Touch
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1. Don't talk about gross things (jangan bicarakan hal


hal kotor)
2. Don't ask for seconds before others have had firsts
(jangan meminta yang pertama sebelum yang
lain)
3. Don't take more than your fair share (jangan
mengambil lebih dari bagian yang adil/sama)
4. Don't talk with your mouth full (jangan bicara Saat
mulut penuh)
5. Don't play at the table (jangan bermain di meja)
6. Don't hum or sing at the table (jangan Bersenandung
atau menyanyi di meja).
7. Don't eat with or lick your fingers (jangan makan
denga menjilat piring atau jari Anda).
8. Don't push your plate away when you're finished
(jangan mendorong piring saat Anda selesai).
9. Avoid placing elbow on the dining table (hindari
menaruh lengan Anda di meja makan).

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Table Manner Steps

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Do & Don’t
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Using Your Napkin


While Dining

1. Pick up the napkin and place it on your lap (Ambil


serbetnya dan letakkan di pangkuan Anda).
2. Just Fold it in half (lipat saja menjadi dua).
3. Don’t refold it (jangan melipatnya lagi).
4. The napkin stays on your lap the whole time
(Serbet tetap berada di pangkuan Anda secara
keseluruhan waktu)
5. If you need to leave the table during then meal,
place your napkin on your chair and quietly excuse
yourself from the table. (jika Anda perlu
meninggalkan meja selama makan, letakkan
serbet Anda di kursi dan diam-diam permisi
dari meja) 18
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CUTTLERY POSITION MEANING

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Break position

Having the knife


rest on the top of
the plate indicates
to your waiter that
you're not finished
yet (pictured)

Taking a break from the Finished eating


food in front of you, but
don't want to simply hold When most of the
your cutlery in your hands, food has been eaten,
placing them in an upside or you're too full to
down V position continue, put the
knife and fork in the
centre of the plate in
a parallel (pictured)

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I Am Ready The Next Meal I Didn’t Enjoy The Meal


Place Your Knife’s
Blade Through The
Fork’s Tines In A V.

X Marks The Spot With


This Approach Which
Will See You Place The The Meal Was Excellent
Knife In A Cross Place Your Knife And
Formation Underneath Fork Horizontally
Your Fork ( As Shown) Across The Plate With
The Blade And Tines
Pointing Right To Do
This (Pictured)

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CONTINENTAL VS AMERICAN STYLE


( Europe style & American Style )

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Gaya makan kontinental terdiri dari dua


The Continental Dining Style
langkah. Gaya makan ini mudah dipelajari
Continental style dining consists of dan paling mudah digunakan. Orang kidal
two steps sering lebih suka gaya ini, karena tangan
This dining style is simple to learn dominan mereka digunakan sepanjang
and easiest to use. Left-handers makan.
often prefer this style, as their
dominant hand is in use throughout
the meal.

Step 1
With the fork in your left hand and
knife in your right hand, cut your
food.

Step 2
With your fork in your left hand,
bring the food directly to your
mouth, tines down, and enjoy the
bite. The knife can be used to push
food onto the back of the fork.
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The American Dining Style STEP 3

American style dining is also referred to as


"zig-zag" dining. since the fork is
constantly changing from the left hand to
the right.
Santapan gaya Amerika juga disebut
sebagai santapan "zig-zag". karena
garpu terus berubah dari tangan kiri ke
kanan.
STEP 4
STEP 1 STEP 2

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USAGE OF SPOON, FORK & KNIFE


1. In most restaurants you will only find one knife and one fork on the
table. (Di sebagian besar restoran Anda hanya akan
menemukan satu pisau dan satu garpu di atas meja)

2. If there are more than one, you should use the


one on the “outside” first. (Jika ada lebih dari satu, Anda harus
menggunakan peralatan tersebut satu per satu dari "luar" )

3. When you hold the knife or fork, you should relax your fingers. (Saat
Anda memegang pisau atau garpu, Anda harus santai jari
jarimu)

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Proper to Hold Knife & Fork

Other Way to Hold Knife & Fork

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Glasses www.samalihotels.com

Hold here

Red Wine
Glass

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Glasses www.samalihotels.com

Pilsner
Martini glass Margarita glass Beer mug glass
used for cocktail used for cocktail

High-ball glass Old-fashioned Glass


to serve spirit with mixer e.g vodka to serve spirit with ice
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To serve soft drink
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Bread www.samalihotels.com

Eating Bread
Cuttleries: BnB Knife and BnB
Plate
• Take some butter and
put it on the plate.
Your B&B Plate is on your left
• Break a piece of bread
Usaly it called
off with your hand.
„Welcome Bread‟.
• Put some butter on the
small piece.
• Don’t spread the butter
over the whole piece of
bread.

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Don’t do this

x 3

2
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Appetizer

Cutleries: Salad fork and Salad knife

The taste of appetizer can be


salty, spicy, or sour
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Roll Vegetables With Peanut Sauce

Salad
1. Use the salad fork.
2. If the salad is considered the main course,
use the entrée fork

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Various Salad Dressing

Mayonnaise ,Oil, vinegar,


Oil & Vinegar Italian Dressing
egg yolk
Water, oil, vinegar / lemon juice/ black
pepper, onions, garlic, oregano

Thousand Island Tartar Sauce


Mayonnaise, olive oil, egg, paprika, Mayonnaise, anchovy
mustard

Mustard

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Other Appetizer

Otak-otak from Indonesia Escargot from France

Samosa from India Crostini from France


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Soup www.samalihotels.com

Cutleries:
soup spoon, soup
cup, saucer

Example: Consomme ( Clear Example: Cream Soup


Soup) Made of vegetables, Might contain of asparagus, chicken,
chopped meat mushroom, corn
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Put Soup spoon inside the cup when you

Pause Eating
Put Soup spoon outside the
cup when you

Finished

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Main Course
1. Do Not talk with food in your mouth (jangan berbicara dengan makanan
di mulut Anda
2. Always taste for your before seasoning it. (selalu cicipi untuk Anda
sebelum membumbui).
3. Cut only enough food for the next mouthful (Potong hanya cukup makanan
untuk suapan berikutnya).

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Main Course

Cutleries:
dinner fork, dinner knife, dinner plate

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Various Steak for Main Course

Filet mignon Sirloin steak


from fillet Rib-eye steak Wagyu
tenderloin
Satay
“Sate harus dilepas
dari tusukannya Satay must be removed from
dengan garpu atau the stick with fork or spoon
sendok Jangan
pernah makan sate Never eat satay directly from
langsung dari the stick
tusukkannya”.

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Dessert
1. When the main course is finished, bring the dessert
utensils to the sides of the plate: the fork to the
left and the spoon to the right.
(Saat hidangan utama selesai, bawa peralatan
makanan penutup ke sisi piring: garpu ke kiri
BANANA PUFF PASTRY WITH dan sendok ke kanan)
CHOCOLATE SAUCE
2. Eat with the spoon. The fork can serve as a pusher. If it
is cake, pie or fruit, you may use only the fork. For ice
cream or pudding, use only the spoon.
(Makan dengan sendok, Garpu bisa berfungsi
sebagai pendorong. Jika memang kue, pai atau
buah, Anda hanya dapat menggunakan garpu.
Untuk es krim atau puding, gunakan hanya
sendok).

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Dessert www.samalihotels.com

Use the last cutleries you have : dessert spoon

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Coffee or Tea

 Use to spoon to mix

 Pick the cup, Not the


saucer

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