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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1

User Manual

Issue 01

Date 2019-04-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2019. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions

and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and
the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be
within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements,
information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or
representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website: http://www.huawei.com

Email: support@huawei.com

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual About This Document

About This Document

Overview
This document describes the BoostLi series lithium-ion energy storage module
ESM-48100B1 (ESM for short) in terms of its overview, application scenarios, external ports,
working principles, installation, and commissioning.
Figures provided in this document are for reference only.

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:
 Maintenance engineers
 Sales engineers
 Technical support engineers

Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows:

Symbol Description

Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will


result in death or serious injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could


result in death or serious injury

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may


result in minor or moderate injury.

Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could


result in equipment damage, data loss, performance deterioration, or
unanticipated results.
NOTICE is used to address practices not related to personal injury.

Calls attention to important information, best practices and tips.


NOTE is used to address information not related to personal injury,
equipment damage, and environment deterioration.

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual About This Document

Change History
Changes between document issues are cumulative. The latest document issue contains all the
changes made in earlier issues.

Issue 01 (2019-04-30)
This issue is the first official release.

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual Contents

Contents

About This Document ............................................................................................................ ii


1 Product Description............................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Product Overview .................................................................................................................................................................1
1.2 Application Scenario............................................................................................................................................................. 2
1.3 Appearance and Ports ........................................................................................................................................................... 3
1.3.1 Appearance ......................................................................................................................................................................... 3
1.3.2 Panel and Ports................................................................................................................................................................... 4
1.3.3 Activation and Startup ....................................................................................................................................................... 8

2 Application Description ....................................................................................................... 9


2.1 Parallel Connection Mode .................................................................................................................................................... 9
2.2 Online Expansion .................................................................................................................................................................. 9
2.3 Application in Class B Environments with Direct Ventilation ........................................................................................ 10
2.4 Low-Temperature Application ........................................................................................................................................... 10
2.5 Storage with Low SOC (≤ 5%) ....................................................................................................................................... 10

3 Transportation and Storage ................................................................................................ 12


3.1 Transportation Requirements ............................................................................................................................................. 12
3.2 Storage and Recharging ...................................................................................................................................................... 12
3.2.1 Storage Requirements...................................................................................................................................................... 12
3.2.2 Conditions for Judging Overdue Storage ....................................................................................................................... 13
3.2.3 Processing Before Recharge ........................................................................................................................................... 13
3.2.4 Recharge Solution ............................................................................................................................................................ 13
3.2.5 Qualification Standards for Recharge............................................................................................................................. 15

4 Installation and Commissioning........................................................................................ 16


4.1 Installation ........................................................................................................................................................................... 17
4.2 Cable Connections (Huawei Power System) .................................................................................................................... 20
4.3 Cable Connections (Third-Party Power System) .............................................................................................................. 23
4.4 Power-On Commissioning ................................................................................................................................................. 25
4.4.1 Power-On (Huawei Power System) ................................................................................................................................ 25
4.4.2 Power-On (Third-Party Power System) ......................................................................................................................... 25
4.4.3 Power System Parameter Settings (Huawei Power System) ........................................................................................ 26
4.4.4 Power System Parameter Settings (Third-Party Power System) .................................................................................. 28

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4.5 Acceptance Criteria ............................................................................................................................................................. 29

5 Maintenance Guide ............................................................................................................. 30


5.1 Maintenance Method .......................................................................................................................................................... 30
5.2 Replacement Guide ............................................................................................................................................................. 32
5.3 Troubleshooting .................................................................................................................................................................. 34

6 Deactivating of the Antitheft Function of the ESM ......................................................... 36


A Safety Precautions .............................................................................................................. 38
A.1 Safety Precautions.............................................................................................................................................................. 38
A.2 Misoperations ..................................................................................................................................................................... 38
A.3 Gas Composition ................................................................................................................................................................ 39

B Warranty Rules.................................................................................................................... 40
C Technical Specifications .................................................................................................... 42
D Acronyms and Abbreviations ........................................................................................... 43

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual 1 Product Description

1 Product Description

1.1 Product Overview


The ESM is an energy storage unit composed of lithium batteries. It features better charge and
discharge performance, longer service life, and less self-discharge loss than ordinary batteries.
The ESM consists of electrochemical cells, an energy storage management unit (ESMU),
power and signal terminals, and mechanical parts. It can be used as an independent 48 V unit,
supports the mixed use of old and new batteries as well as lithium and lead-acid batteries, and
can collaborate with third-party power systems.

Table 1-1 Nominal ESM voltage and capacity

Model Nominal Voltage Rated Capacity

ESM-48100B1 48 V 100 Ah

Features
 Parallel connection for power expansion: The maximum power (P) of N ESMs
connected in parallel can reach 24 kW. For details, see 2.1 Parallel Connection Mode.
 Application in class B environments with direct ventilation: The ESM can be used in
indoor environments where the ambient temperature and humidity are not controlled or
outdoor environments (with simple shielding measures such as awnings) where the
humidity can reach 100%.
 Support for third-party power systems: The ESM implements lithium battery
self-management so that it can be used with third-party power systems.
 Mixed use: The ESM can be connected in parallel with lead-acid batteries.
 Maintenance-free: The maintenance-free feature in the use of the ESM reduces the costs
of battery O&M and the frequency of site visits.
 Long service life: The ESM service life is two to three times the life of common
lead-acid batteries. The battery state of health (SOH) and state of charge (SOC) can be
monitored online in real time. These features improve the reliability of site power
backup.
 EMC:
− CE: EN 55032/CISPR32, Class A

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual 1 Product Description

− RE: EN 55032/CISPR32, Class B

This is a class A product. In residential areas, this product may cause radio interference;
therefore, the user may be required to take appropriate measures.

Function
 Status monitoring: monitors the electrochemical cell voltage and temperature as well as
the ESM voltage and current.
 Alarm management: generates alarms when overvoltage, undervoltage, overcurrent,
overtemperature, or undertemperature occurs.
 Protection against exceptions: protects against overvoltage, undervoltage, overcurrent,
short circuits, overtemperature, undertemperature, electrochemical cell faults, and
hardware faults.
 Information reporting: provides a northbound CAN/RS485 port through which alarms
and status data are reported.
 Parallel connection: Multiple ESMs can be connected in parallel. CAN communication
supports parallel connection of up to 32 ESMs, and RS485 communication supports
parallel connection of up to 16 ESMs.
 Balance: supports real-time electrochemical cell balancing.
 E-label: identifies the ESM using an electronic label.
 Antitheft: provides the software-based antitheft function when being used with specified
Huawei power systems.
 Forcible disconnection: Users can disconnect the external power supply to the PWR port
and hold down the MANUAL ON/OFF button for 5s to power off the ESM forcibly.
 Maintenance mode: used for ESM replacement. Users can hold down the MANUAL
ON/OFF button for 15s to enter the maintenance mode so that the ESM can be replaced
safely and reliably.
 Activation: The ESM can be activated through the PWR port, power port, and the
MANUAL ON/OFF button.

1.2 Application Scenario


The ESM provides backup power for a power system. It can be used alone or used with
lead-acid batteries to back up power.
Inside an ESM, an energy storage management unit (ESMU) monitors the status of
temperature, current, and voltage, provides protection against overvoltage, undervoltage,
overcurrent, short circuit, overtemperature, and undertemperature, and reports the ESM
running status and alarm information through a communications port that supports both the
CAN and RS485 protocol.

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Figure 1-1 Typical ESM application scenario

1.3 Appearance and Ports


1.3.1 Appearance
Figure 1-2 ESM exterior

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1.3.2 Panel and Ports


Figure 1-3 ESM panel and ports

Table 1-2 Port pin definitions


No. Silk Screen Item Description

1 GND Protective ground M6 screw

2 DO1 ESM dry contact Alarm output dry contact;


DO2 output configurable (if the dry contact is
closed, an alarm is reported by
default). For details, see Table 1-4.

3 COM_ IN Communications port 1. Used for information reporting


and communication cascading.
4 COM_ OUT Communications port 2. Use RJ45 terminals and provide
the 1000 A surge protection
capability. For details, see Table
1-3.
5 RUN Run indicator For the diagram, see Figure 1-5.
ALM Alarm indicator For details about functions, see Table
1-5.
CHG Charge indicator

DCHG Discharge indicator


SOC SOC indicator

6 MANUAL Button for manual A contact button used for manual


ON/OFF power-on/off power-on/off and maintenance. For
details, see 1.3.3 Activation and
Startup.

7 PWR ESMU port for The ESM can be activated if the PWR
connecting to an port is supplied with a voltage of
external power source 43.2–58 V. For details, see 1.3.3
Activation and Startup.

8 + ESM positive terminal Positive and negative ports of the


ESM. Secured by M6 screws.
- ESM negative terminal Appropriate OT terminals should be

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No. Silk Screen Item Description


used. The required torque is 4 N·m
and the recommended cable size is 25
mm2. If the ESM is used at a
temperature below 45°C, the cable
size can be smaller but should be at
least 16 mm2.

Figure 1-4 RJ45 pins

Table 1-3 Pin definitions of communications ports

RJ45 Pin Signal Description Remark

1 RS485 T+ RS485 transmission + Four-wire RS485


communications,
2 RS485 T- RS485 transmission – complying with the
Modbus protocol
3 NC Reserved

4 RS485 R+ RS485 reception +

5 RS485 R- RS485 reception –

6 NC Reserved

7 CANH Positive terminal for Used to report


CAN communications alarms to a
monitoring unit and
8 CANL Negative terminal for exchange data
CAN communications between ESMs
connected in
parallel.

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DO1 and DO2 Ports

Table 1-4 DO1 and DO2 port definitions

Silk Definition Description Alarm Status


Screen

DO1 Fault, major If the ESM raises one of the following Configurable (If
alarm alarms, the dry contact supplies an alarm the dry contact is
signal: closed, an alarm
Cell voltage sampling fault, cell is reported by
temperature sampling fault, charge default.)
converter output short circuit, relay coil
short-circuit, charge low temperature
protection, discharge low temperature
protection, charge high temperature
protection, discharge high temperature
protection, power module internal
overtemperature protection, discharge
converter output short circuit, input
reverse connection, BMU anti-theft lock,
overload lockout due to component
failure, serial number conflict, serial
number conflict, input/output discharge
overvoltage lockout, and discharge
overcurrent lockout
DO2 Overload If the ESM raises one of the following
warning, alarms, the dry contact supplies an alarm
overdischarge signal:
protection Discharge undervoltage alarm, discharge
undervoltage protection, and discharge
overcurrent warning

LED Indicator

Figure 1-5 LED indicator

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Table 1-5 LED indicator description

Silk Screen Item Color Description

RUN Run indicator Green Steady on: Communication is


normal (including board
startup, self-check, software
loading, and board power-on
when not loaded; excluding
sleep when the power port or
PWR port is energized).
Off: The ESM is in sleep
mode.
Blinking at long intervals: The
LUI is querying data.
Blinking at short intervals:
Communication is interrupted.

ALM Fault indicator Red Steady on: There is a fault or


major alarm.
Off: There is no fault or major
alarm.
Blinking slowly: Anti-theft
lock.

CHG Charge indicator Green Steady on: The ESM is being


charged.
Off: The ESM is open-circuited
or discharging.

DCHG Discharge indicator Green Steady on: The ESM is


discharging.
Off: The ESM is open-circuited
or being charged.

SOC SOC indicators Green 1. 0–24% capacity


25% indicator: blinking
Other SOC indicators: off
2. 25%–49% capacity
25% indicator: steady on
50% indicator: blinking
Other SOC indicators: off
3. 50%–74% capacity
25% indicator: steady on
50% indicator: steady on
75% indicator: blinking
Other SOC indicators: off
4. 75%–99% capacity
25% indicator: steady on

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Silk Screen Item Color Description


50% indicator: steady on
75% indicator: steady on
100% indicator: blinking
5. 100% capacity
The four SOC indicators are
steady on.

Notes:
 Major alarm: The ESM needs to be maintained immediately.
 Minor alarm: The ESM does not require maintenance, but sends a reminder to remote
maintenance personnel.
 Blinking at long intervals: on for 1s and then off for 1s
 Blinking at short intervals: on for 0.125s and then off for 0.125s
 All indicators blinking: The ESM has entered the maintenance mode.
 ESM in sleep mode: The fault indicator is off except for reverse-connection protection.

1.3.3 Activation and Startup


An ESM can be activated in three modes. After being activated, the ESM switches from the
sleep mode to disconnected mode.
 Activation through the PWR terminal: supply 43.2–58 V DC power to the PWR terminal
on the ESM panel for at least 5s.
 Activation through the MANUAL ON/OFF button: hold down the MANUAL ON/OFF
button on the ESM panel for at least 5s and less than 15s.
 Activation through the power port: supply a DC voltage of 43.2–58 V to the power
terminal on the front panel for at least 5s.

1. The MANUAL ON/OFF button is a contact button. The interval for pressing the button should be
greater than 0.5s; otherwise, the operation is ineffective.
2. If you have forcibly powered off the battery that is in charging, discharging, or disconnected mode
by pressing the MANUAL ON/OFF button, the ESM can be only reactivated by pressing and
holding this button.

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual 2 Application Description

2 Application Description

2.1 Parallel Connection Mode

ESMs can be connected in parallel to increase the backup time or backup power.
The backup power of a single ESM is 4.8 kW. The maximum power (P) of N groups of ESMs
connected in parallel = min. (4.8 kW x N x Maximum power, 24 kW), 2 ≤ N ≤ 32.

Number of parallel ESMs 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ... 16

Maximum power 9.6 14.4 19.2 24 24 24 24 24 ....... 24

2.2 Online Expansion


The system capacity or power can be expanded online without disconnecting the battery
supply so that the site will not break down in case of a mains power failure during expansion.

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2.3 Application in Class B Environments with Direct


Ventilation
The ESM can be used in class A or B environments with direct ventilation but cannot be
separately used in class C or D environments. If there is a need to use it in a class C or D
environment, deploy an air conditioner-controlled cabinet with the protection rating of at least
IP55.
Environments subject to atmospheric corrosion can be classified into four categories:
 Class A environment (controlled environment): refer to indoor environments where the
ambient temperature and humidity are controlled (including rooms where people live)
and the relative humidity of air is controlled below 65%.
 Class B environment (uncontrolled environment): refer to indoor environments where
the ambient temperature and humidity are not controlled or outdoor environments (with
simple shielding measures) where the humidity can reach 100%.
 Class C environment (harsh environment): refer to outdoor land environments (with
simple shielding measures) near seas or pollution sources. If a site is near a sea, it is
0.5–3.7 km away from the sea. If a site is near a pollution source, it is at most 3.7 km
away from salt lakes, 3 km away from heavy pollution sources such as smelteries, coal
mines, and thermal power plants, 2 km away from medium pollution sources such as
chemical, rubber, and galvanization industries, or 1 km away from light pollution sources
such as packing houses, tanneries, and boiler rooms.
 Class D environment (sea environment): refer to outdoor land environments (with simple
shielding measures) at most 500 m away from the seashore or environments on the sea.

2.4 Low-Temperature Application


 Low-temperature charging: The ESM does not support battery charging at a temperature
below 0°C. When the battery temperature is below 0°C, the ESM will shut down the
charging loop to disable charging.
When the ESM is used in an environment below 0°C, a heater needs to be added in the
cabinet, and batteries can be charged after the battery temperature rises to 3°C or above.
 Low-temperature discharging: The ESM does not support battery discharging at a
temperature below –20°C. When the battery temperature is below –20°C, the ESM will
shut down the discharging loop to disable discharging.
When the ESM is used in an environment below –20°C, a heater needs to be added in the
cabinet, and batteries can be discharged after the battery temperature rises to –17°C or
above.

2.5 Storage with Low SOC (≤ 5%)


The ESM has ESMU static power consumption and self-discharge loss after power-off. In
actual application scenarios, avoid storing an ESM with low SOC (≤ 5%). If unavoidable,
limit the storage duration to 30 days at 25°C or 15 days at 45°C. Promptly recharge the ESM
after the storage. Otherwise, the ESM may be damaged due to overdischarge, which requires
replacing the ESM.
The following situations may cause storage of ESMs in discharge state:

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1. After the site power supply is disconnected due to a mains outage, the power supply is
not recovered for a long time because the faults (such as cable faults) cannot be rectified
in a timely manner.
2. After installation and commissioning are complete, the mains power is switched off
directly without powering off the ESM. The ESM can enter the low power mode only
after being completely discharged, and the interval for onsite acceptance check is long.
3. Other reasons result in that the ESM cannot enter the low power mode normally.

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual 3 Transportation and Storage

3 Transportation and Storage

3.1 Transportation Requirements


The product passes the certifications of the UN38.3 (UN38.3: Section 38.3 of the sixth
Revised Edition of the Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Manual of
Tests and Criteria) and SN/T 0370.2-2009 (Part 2: Performance Test of the Rules for the
Inspection of Packaging for Exporting Dangerous Goods). This product belongs to class 9
dangerous goods.
The product can be delivered to the site directly and transported by land and water. The
packing case must be secured for transportation, compliant with related national standards,
and printed with marks such as anti-collision and moisture prevention. The packing case must
be protected against rains, snows, and mechanical impact during transportation.

3.2 Storage and Recharging


3.2.1 Storage Requirements
1. Place ESMs according to the signs on the packing case during storage. Do not put ESMs
upside down or sidelong.
2. Stack ESM packing cases by complying with the stacking requirements on the external
package.
3. The storage environment requirements are as follows:
− Ambient temperature: 0–40°C; recommended storage temperature: 20–30°C
− Relative humidity: ≤ 95%
− In a dry clean place with proper ventilation
− In a place that is away from corrosive and organic substances (including gas)
− In a place free from direct sunlight
− At least 2 meters away from heat sources (such as a heater)
4. The warehouse keeper should collect ESM storage information every month and
periodically report the ESM inventory information to the planning department. The
ESMs that have been stored overdue should be recharged in a timely manner.
5. Regional offices or organizations should not store ESMs or communication equipment
configured with ESMs. Prior approval should be obtained for any requirement on ESM
storage.

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6. ESMs should be delivered based on the "first in, first out" rule.
7. Install ESMs in a dry, clean, and ventilated environment that is free from sources of
strong infrared radiation, organic solvents, and corrosive gases. Do not expose the ESMs
to sunlight or water and keep them far away from sources of ignition.

3.2.2 Conditions for Judging Overdue Storage


It is recommended that the ESM not be stored for a long period. It should be used soon after
being deployed onsite.

Table 3-1 Storage requirements

Required Storage Actual Storage Recharge Interval Remarks


Temperature Temperature

0–40°C 0°C ≤ T ≤ 30°C 12 months Not reaching the


time for recharge:
30°C < T ≤ 40°C 8 months Use the ESM as
soon as possible.
Reaching the time
for recharge:
Recharge the ESM.
The total storage
duration should not
exceed the warranty
period.

1. If ESMs have been stored overdue, promptly report the event to the department leader.
2. Dispose of bulging ESMs directly irrespective of how long they have been stored.
3. The storage duration (t) starts from the latest charge time on the ESM package. The latest charge
time is updated after every charge.
4. If an ESM is qualified after charge, mark the latest charge time and the next recharge time on the
ESM packing case. The next recharge time is 8 months (stored above 30°C) or 12 months (stored
below 30°C) later than the latest charge time. The total storage duration should not exceed the
warranty period.

3.2.3 Processing Before Recharge


 Check the ESM appearance.
 Dispose of bulging ESMs directly.
 Dispose of damaged or misshapen ESMs directly.
 Dispose of leaking ESMs directly.
 Polish ESM terminals using sandpaper if they are corroded.

3.2.4 Recharge Solution


Recharge ESMs that pass tests using either of the following solutions based on site
requirements.
Recharge ESMs using a power system:

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1. Identify qualified ESMs that can be recharged.


2. Install the ESMs and connect cables to the ESMs by referring to the quick installation
guide of the related power system.
3. Use the power system to recharge the ESMs.

Table 3-2 Recharge parameter settings

Recharge Setting Value


Parameter

Charge 53.5 V
voltage

Charge Use the default charge current limit coefficient. The maximum charge
current current is 100 A.
Termination The charge duration is greater than 10 minutes and the charge current is
condition less than 0.02 C (2 A), or the ESM is protected.

4. After removing cables, hold down the red MANUAL ON/OFF button on the front panel
for at least 5s and less than 15s, wait until all indicators on the front panel turn off, and
place the ESM in the original packing case. Modify the latest charge time and the next
recharge time marked on the original packing case.
Recharge the ESMs of a purchased or borrowed DC regulated power supply that supports 48
V charge by performing the following operation:
1. Connect the positive and negative poles of an ESM to the output positive and negative
terminals on a DC regulated power supply respectively.

Figure 3-1 Connecting cables between an ESM and DC regulated power supply equipment

2. Set charge parameters for the DC regulated power supply equipment. For details, see
Table 3-2.
3. After removing cables, hold down the red MANUAL ON/OFF button on the front panel
for at least 5s and less than 15s, wait until all indicators on the front panel turn off, and
place the ESM in the original packing case. Modify the latest charge time and the next
recharge time marked on the original packing case.

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 Batteries can be activated through power cables.


 Do not perform operations with power on when connecting the recharge cables.

3.2.5 Qualification Standards for Recharge


Table 3-3 Qualification standards for recharge
Required Recharge End Voltage Required Voltage After Open-Circuit
for 8 Hours

≥ 51 V ≥ 48 V

1. For the ESM that meets the standard after recharge, remove cables from it, hold down the red
MANUAL ON/OFF button on the front panel for at least 5s and less than 15s, wait until all
indicators on the front panel turn off, and then place it in the original packing case. Mark the latest
charge time and the next recharge time (the next recharge time is 12 months later than the current
charge time by default) on the packing case. Packed ESMs should be used as soon as possible.
2. If the ESM is not qualified after recharge, recharge it again. If the ESM is still not qualified, dispose
of it.

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User Manual 4 Installation and Commissioning

4 Installation and Commissioning

Prerequisites
The recommended ESMs come from one batch of one manufacturer and are of the same
model.
The installation and commissioning comply with the regulations and warnings issued by ESM
manufacturers.
Before installing ESMs, ensure that battery circuit breakers in the power system are OFF or
that battery fuses are removed.

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 Smoking and sparks are prohibited near ESMs.


 Use installation tools with insulated handles. Otherwise, the ESMs may be burned and
injury may be caused.
 Before operating ESMs, wear goggles, rubber gloves, and protective clothes. Remove any
conductive objects, such as watches, bracelets, bangles, and rings.
 Do not use metal to simultaneously touch two or more terminals of the ESM. Do not use
metal to touch both an ESM terminal and a grounded object such as a battery cabinet.
Otherwise, a short circuit will occur, which may produce sparks.
 The battery system site must be equipped with qualified fire control facilities, such as fire
fighting sands and dry powder extinguishers.
 Do not place installation tools on the ESM during installation. After the installation, do not
place foreign matters on or around the ESM.
 Segregate the installation place, arrange dedicated guardians, and place warning signs of
"danger" and "high voltage" above the ESM and separators.
 Wear anti-high-voltage clothing (including gloves and shoes) according to the high voltage
and safety requirements, and wear ESD gloves and wrist straps.
 Use dedicated insulation tools. Metal tools such as torque wrenches must be insulated
before they are used.

4.1 Installation
Prerequisite
Required tools and materials are available.

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 Use insulated tools. The following figure is for reference only.


 When installing power terminals, check whether they are tightened, and whether rust,
corrosion, or other foreign objects exist. If yes, clean the terminals and tighten the bolts. If
the battery bolts are loosely connected, the voltage drop may be too high, or the battery
may be burnt when the current is large.

Figure 4-1 Installation tools

Procedure
Step 1 Install an ESM according to the quick installation guide and check whether floating nuts are
installed on both sides of the rack. If not installed, install the floating nuts delivered with the
cabinet on both sides of the rack.
Step 2 Push the ESM into the cabinet and fasten the ESM.

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Figure 4-2 Installing an ESM

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 The weight of an ESM-48100B1 is about 44 kg. Check the load-bearing capability of the
rack tray before installation.
 ESM-48100B1 is 396 mm deep. Check the rack depth before installation.
 The ESM can be installed in a 19-inch rack with guide rails and a tray. Check whether the
load-bearing capability meets requirements.
 If multiple ESMs are installed, clearances should be reserved. The average space for each
ESM should be at least 3 U. It is not supported to stack ESMs or make an ESM land on its
back panel.
 Install ESMs from bottom to top. You are advised to install ESMs on three layers.

Figure 4-3 Correct installation diagram

----End

4.2 Cable Connections (Huawei Power System)


Prerequisite
The ESM has been correctly installed.
The protective gloves, socket wrench, and cabinet door key are available.

Procedure
Step 1 Wear the protective gloves.
Step 2 Install the ESM ground cable.

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Figure 4-4 Installing the ESM ground cable

(1) Ground bar

Step 3 Install the ESM communications cables.


Step 4 After the ESM communications cables are installed, connect a build-out resistor to the
COM_OUT port of the last ESM.

Figure 4-5 Installing the ESM communications cables

Step 5 Install the PWR activation cables of the ESM.


Step 6 Locate the ESM activation cable and cable terminals in the fitting bag.
Step 7 Install the activation cable at the terminals.
Step 8 Install one end of the activation cable at a PWR port of the ESM.

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Step 9 Install the other end of the activation cable at a load route (BLVD route recommended, the
recommended circuit breaker capacity of the activation cable ranges from 6 A to 32 A) and
the corresponding RTN+ busbar in the power system.

Activation cables of two, four, six, and eight groups of ESMs can be cascaded to one BLVD circuit
breaker.

Figure 4-6 Installing the PWR activation cables for the ESM

Step 10 Install negative and positive power cables of the ESM.


1. Remove the protective cover from ESM power wiring terminals.
2. Connect the negative power cable to the ESM.
3. Connect the positive power cable to the ESM.
4. Install the other end of the ESM power cables at a battery route and a corresponding
RTN+ busbar in the power system.
5. Reinstall the protective cover of the ESM power wiring terminals.

Figure 4-7 Installing negative and positive power cables for the ESM

Step 11 Remove the protective gloves and pack up all tools.


----End

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4.3 Cable Connections (Third-Party Power System)


Prerequisite
The ESM has been correctly installed.
The protective gloves, socket wrench, and cabinet door key are available.

Procedure
Step 1 Wear the protective gloves.
Step 2 Install the ESM ground cable.

Figure 4-8 Installing the ESM ground cable

(1) Ground bar

Step 3 Install the ESM communications cables.


Step 4 After the ESM communications cables are installed, connect a build-out resistor to the
COM_OUT port of the last ESM.

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Figure 4-9 Installing the ESM communications cables

Step 5 Install negative and positive power cables of the ESM.


1. Remove the protective cover from ESM power wiring terminals.
2. Connect the negative power cable to the ESM.
3. Connect the positive power cable to the ESM.
4. Install the other end of the ESM power cables at a battery route and a corresponding
RTN+ busbar in the power system.
5. Reinstall the protective cover of the ESM power wiring terminals.

Figure 4-10 Installing negative and positive power cables of the ESM

Step 6 Remove the protective gloves and pack up all tools.


----End

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4.4 Power-On Commissioning


4.4.1 Power-On (Huawei Power System)

 Performing the power-on procedure provided in this section may result in power failure or
alarms. Inform the alarm center before and after the procedure.
 The power-on procedure involves various technologies and should be performed by
trained personnel according to the power-on instructions.
 During operations, stand on dry insulating material and do not wear any conductors such
as jewelry or watches. Use insulated tools during power-on.
 Do not establish contact between electrical points that have different electric currents.
 When you are performing operations and do not want others to operate, attach the label
"Currently being serviced. Do not switch on." to the power distribution equipment.
 During the power-on procedure, shut down the system immediately if any fault is detected.
Rectify the fault and proceed with the procedure.

Step 1 Switch on the battery circuit breakers and the circuit breaker connected to activation cables in
the power system.

If the Huawei power monitoring module is connected to the ESM for the first time, the
monitoring module will restart automatically as battery management parameters need to be
switched to the ESM.

Step 2 When multiple ESMs connected in parallel are powered on, observe the RUN indicator on
each ESM panel. Communication is normal if the indicator is steady on and is not established
if it blinks at short intervals. Check the communications cables between ESMs and rectify the
fault.
Step 3 When the ESMs are communicating with the monitoring module, check whether the
communication is normal. If the RUN indicator on an ESM is steady on, the ESM
communicates properly with the monitoring module. If the indicator is blinking at short
intervals, the communication is interrupted. In this case, check that the communications cable
is properly connected.
Step 4 Observe the ESMs for 15 minutes. Ensure that they are working properly (the ALM indicator
is off and the RUN indicator is steady on).
----End

4.4.2 Power-On (Third-Party Power System)


Procedure
Step 1 Switch on the ESM circuit breakers.

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Step 2 Check whether the ESMs are activated. If the RUN indicator on an ESM is on, the ESM is
activated. If it is off, the ESM is not activated. If so, check that the cables are properly
connected.
Step 3 Observe the ESMs for 15 minutes. The ESMs are running properly if the ALM indicators are
off.
----End

4.4.3 Power System Parameter Settings (Huawei Power System)


Set parameters as follows for the ESM used in a power system.
Huawei power system automatically identifies ESMs and sets battery parameters. There is no
need to set the parameters onsite. To check the ESM running status or change the charge
current limit coefficient, log in to the Web user interface (UI) or LCD of Huawei power
system and perform the following operations.

The monitor model of Huawei power supply system should be SMU02B or SMU02C.

Table 4-1 Setting battery parameters on the LCD

Main Level-2 Level-3 Level-4 Setting Scope


Menu Menu Menu Menu Value

Setting Battery Basic Charge Set based on 0.05


parameters parameters current limit the site C10–1.0
coefficient requirements C10

To check the ESM running status or change the charge current limit coefficient on the Web UI,
perform the following operations:
Enter https://local IP address of the SMU (for example, https://192.168.0.10) in the address
box of Internet Explorer, and press Enter. The login page is displayed.

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Figure 4-11 Login page

On the login page, choose Monitoring > DC Power > Lithium Battery Group > Running
Parameter > Charge Parameters to modify the charge current limit coefficient and set the
value range to 0.05 C10 to 1.0 C10.

Figure 4-12 Setting the charge current limit coefficient

On the login page, choose Monitoring > DC Power > Lithium Battery Group > Running
Information to view the ESM running status.

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Figure 4-13 Viewing the ESM status

4.4.4 Power System Parameter Settings (Third-Party Power


System)
Table 4-2 Configuration

No. Parameter Standard Value

1 Capacity N (ESM quantity) x 100 Ah

2 Charge current limit coefficient 0.15C10

3 Equalized charge voltage 53.5 V

4 Float charge voltage 51 V


5 Low voltage alarm 47 V

6 Load low voltage disconnection 46 V


(LLVD) threshold

7 Battery low voltage disconnection 44 V


(BLVD) threshold

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4.5 Acceptance Criteria


Install and accept the ESM to ensure that the ESM can work properly.

No. Check Item Acceptance Criteria

1 Indicator The indicator status is normal (the RUN indicator is steady on and
status no indicator is red).

2 Working You are advised to simulate mains disconnection or connection.


status The working status of the ESM is normal after the mains
disconnection or connection.

3 Current The ESM current is normal. According to system settings, the


current deviation is within ±2 A.

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual 5 Maintenance Guide

5 Maintenance Guide

Skilled personnel are required to perform maintenance operations. Skilled personnel should
also be protected against unintentional contact or exposure to energy sources capable of
causing injury.
Skilled personnel refer to personnel who:
 Have training or experience in the equipment technology, particularly in knowing the
various energies and energy magnitudes used in the equipment.
 Are expected to use their training and experience to recognize energy sources capable of
causing pain or injury and to take action for protection from injury from those energies.

The ESM software can be upgraded only when the AC power is normal.

5.1 Maintenance Method


Table 5-1 Maintenance method

Maintenance Maintenance Method


Object

ESM Check the ESM indicators for its running status. Table 4 describes the indicators.

Monitoring 1. View the ESM running status on the LCD of Huawei power monitoring module
(LCD) (SMU02B or SMU02C): LCD menu path: Main Menu > Running Information >
Lithium Battery > Lithium Battery Group
2. Check the active alarms for ESM fault alarms. LCD menu path: Main Menu > Active
Alarm. If there is any fault alarm, handle it by referring to 5.1 Maintenance Method.
Monitoring 1. Check the ESM running status on the WebUI of the Huawei power monitoring module
(WebUI) (SMU02B or SMU02C). WebUI menu path: Monitoring > DC Power > Lithium
Battery Group > Running Information

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Maintenance Maintenance Method


Object

2. Check the active alarms for ESM fault alarms. WebUI menu path: Home > Active
Alarm. If there is any fault alarm, handle it by referring to Troubleshooting.

Network 1. Check the ESM running status on the Huawei power system network management
management system NetEco (NetEco V600R008C20 or later). NetEco menu path: Monitor > Site
system Name > Lithium Battery Group > Data

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Maintenance Maintenance Method


Object

2. Check the active alarms for ESM fault alarms. NetEco menu path: Monitor > Site
Name > Lithium Battery Group > Alarm. If there is any fault alarm, handle it by
referring to Troubleshooting.

5.2 Replacement Guide


Prerequisites
 The protective gloves, Phillips screwdriver, socket wrench, and key to the cabinet door
are available.
 You have confirmed the model of the ESM to be replaced and prepared a new ESM.

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 You are authorized to enter the site with the key.

Context
ESM replacement may cause a system power failure. To prevent power failures, ensure that
other power sources, such as the mains, diesel generator, or a third-party DC power source,
provide continuous power supply.

Replacement Requirements
Conditions for the ESM to enter and exit the maintenance mode:
1. Hold down the Manual ON/OFF button for at least 15s in any state to enter the
maintenance mode.
2. Hold down the Manual ON/OFF button for at least 15s to exit the maintenance mode.
Before replacing an ESM in an actual maintenance scenario, hold down the Manual ON/OFF
button for the ESM to power off. After the ESM is replaced, hold down the Manual ON/OFF
button for at least 15s on the new ESM to exit the maintenance mode.

Removing the Old ESM


Step 1 Wear the protective gloves.
Step 2 Switch the BAT– battery circuit breaker on the power system to OFF or remove the battery
fuse.
Step 3 Use the Manual ON/OFF button on the ESM to turn off the battery output.
Step 4 Disconnect the cables from the old ESM. Insulate each cable and label it immediately after
disconnecting it.
Step 5 Loosen the screws on the panel and remove the ESM.
----End

Installing the New ESM


Step 1 Install the new ESM and tighten the screws.
Step 2 Hold down the Manual ON/OFF button for 15s for the ESM to enter the maintenance mode.
In this mode, all indicators blink, the ESM board is activated, but the ESM will not be
charged or discharged.
Step 3 Connect the cables to the new ESM based on the cable labels.
Step 4 Switch the BAT– battery circuit breaker in the power system to ON or reinstall the battery
fuse using a fuse extracting unit.
Step 5 Hold down the Manual ON/OFF button for 15s for the ESM to exit the maintenance mode.
The ESM is automatically activated and connects to the power system.
Step 6 Remove the protective gloves and pack up all tools.
----End

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Follow-up Operations
 Put the removed component into the ESD box or bag and then place the ESD box or bag
into the carton box with foams or the bag of the new component.
 Fill in the fault card with the information about the removed component.
 Contact your local Huawei office to handle the faulty component.

5.3 Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Fault Type Fault Possible Causes Troubleshooting
Generation
Condition

BMS fault 1. The 1. The welding point for Replace the ESM.
electrochemic electrochemical cell voltage
al cell voltage sampling is loose or
sampling disconnected.
circuit is 2. The voltage sampling
faulty. terminal is disconnected.
2. The 3. The fuse in the voltage
electrochemic sampling circuit is blown.
al cell 4. The electrochemical cell
temperature temperature sensor has
sampling failed.
circuit is
faulty.
Cell fault The voltage of 1. Due to large self-discharge, Replace the ESM.
the the electrochemical cell
electrochemical overdischarges to below 2.0
cell is low or V after long-term storage.
unbalanced. 2. The electrochemical cell is
damaged by external factors,
and short circuits, pinpricks,
or crushing occurs.
Overvoltage 1. The busbar 1. The busbar input voltage If the ESM cannot
protection voltage is exceeds the normal value. be recovered due
greater than 2. Cells are not consistent. The to protection
59.5 V in capacity of some against
charging state. electrochemical cells abnormality,
2. The maximum deteriorates too fast or the contact local
electrochemic internal resistance of some Huawei engineers
al cell voltage electrochemical cells is too to rectify the fault.
is greater than high.
3.9 V.
3. The ESM
voltage is
greater than
55 V.
Undervoltage 1. The ESM 1. The mains power failure has

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Fault Type Fault Possible Causes Troubleshooting


Generation
Condition
protection voltage is less lasted for a long time.
than 44 V. 2. Cells are not consistent. The
2. The minimum capacity of some
electrochemic electrochemical cells
al cell voltage deteriorates too fast or the
is less than 2.5 internal resistance of some
V. electrochemical cells is too
high.
Charge high The maximum 1. The ESM ambient
temperature electrochemical temperature is too high.
protection cell temperature 2. There are abnormal heat
is greater than sources around the ESM.
60°C.

Discharge The maximum


high electrochemical
temperature cell temperature
protection is greater than
65°C.

Charge low The minimum 1. The ESM ambient


temperature electrochemical temperature is too low.
protection cell temperature 2. The heater fails to work.
is less than 0°C.

Discharge The minimum


low electrochemical
temperature cell temperature
protection is less than
–20°C.

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual 6 Deactivating of the Antitheft Function of the ESM

6 Deactivating of the Antitheft Function of


the ESM

Scenario
Before NetEco replacement or a cross-R-version upgrade of the monitoring module,
deactivate the antitheft function of the ESM.

Procedure
Step 1 Log in to the NetEco WebUI and choose System > License Management.

Figure 6-1 NetEco WebUI

Step 2 Select the ESM and click Deactivate.

After the antitheft function of the ESM is deactivated, the ESM status is displayed as Inactive.

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Figure 6-2 Deactivating the antitheft function of the ESM

----End

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual A Safety Precautions

A Safety Precautions

A.1 Safety Precautions


 Avoid skin contact with electrolyte overflow. Before installing or maintaining batteries,
wear goggles, rubber gloves, and protective clothing.
 Keep the ESM loop disconnected during installation and maintenance.
 Secure ESM cables to the torque specified in the ESM documentation. Loose
connections will result in excessive voltage drops or cause ESMs to burn out when the
current increases.
 Protect your skin and eyes from ESM electrolyte leakage. If your body comes in contact
with electrolyte leakage, wash with clean water immediately and visit a doctor if the
situation is serious.
 Avoid ingestion of ESM components.
 Protect the ESMs from mechanical vibration, collision, punctures, and strong impact.
Otherwise, the ESM may catch fire.
 Do not throw ESMs in fire because this may cause the ESMs to ignite.
 Do not immerse ESMs in water or expose them to rain.
 There is a risk of explosion if an ESM is replaced with an incorrect model.
 Short circuits inside an ESM or on the ESM loop must be prevented to avoid fire and
personal injury.
 An ESM communication failure alarm caused by reasons such as loose communications
cable connection should be handled within 72 hours (default value, configurable in the
range of 1 minute to 720 hours). Otherwise, the ESM will be internally locked, which
may affect the ESM power backup.
 Dispose of waste ESMs in strict accordance with local laws and regulations.

A.2 Misoperations
The following lists some misoperations that should be avoided.

Misoperations Protection Description

Reverse connection If terminals connected with reverse polarity, the


ESM will not start and will stay in sleep mode. If
you hold down the MANUAL ON/OFF button to
activate the ESM, it will report a protection alarm

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User Manual A Safety Precautions

Misoperations Protection Description


and the ALM indicator will be lit.

External short circuit The fuse may be blown.


Series connection The ESMs cannot be connected in series. If the
series connection is used forcibly, the ESMs may
be damaged and even smoke, fire, and explosion
may occur.

A.3 Gas Composition


The ESM is an enclosed battery system and will not release any gases under normal
operations.
If the ESM is severely misused, for example, being burned or thunderstruck, the ESM may be
damaged, resulting in electrolyte leakage. Because the electrolyte is of organic carbonate
nature, it may produce CO2, CO, and N2 after being burned.

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual B Warranty Rules

B Warranty Rules

 Huawei will not be liable for any damage to Huawei ESMs caused by force majeure.
− Natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and landslides
− Fires
− Wars
− Lightning strikes
 Huawei will not be liable for any damage to Huawei ESMs caused by the following
events:
− Damage such as breakage and leakage is caused to the ESMs due to misoperations
or incorrect connections during the ESM transportation and installation performed
by the customer.
− The customer does not recharge the ESMs in time and the ESMs are stored more
than six months longer than the storage term, which causes capacity loss or
irreversible damage to the ESMs.
− After the ESMs are installed and connected to the system, the customer does not
power on the ESMs in time, which causes the ESMs to be overdischarged and
further causes damage to the ESMs.
− Damage is caused to ESMs because they are not accepted in time due to customer
reasons.
− Damage is caused to ESMs because the operating environment or external power
parameters do not meet operating environment requirements. For example, the
ambient temperature is poor, power outage frequently occurs in the power grid, the
ESMs are frequently overdischarged due to the customer's improper maintenance,
the capacity of a customer site is expanded, and the ESMs are not fully charged for
a long period.
− The customer changes the ESM use scenarios without notifying Huawei.
− Damage to ESMs is caused by the customer or a third party, for example, the
customer relocates or reinstalls ESMs without notifying Huawei.
− The customer does not correctly set ESM operating management parameters
including but not limited to ESM capacity, number of ESMs, equalized charging
voltage, float charging voltage, charge current limit, and disconnection voltage.
− The customer does not service ESMs based on the appropriate operation guide. For
example, the customer does not periodically check whether ESM terminal screws
are tightened.
− The customer connects extra loads to ESMs.

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− The customer mixes Huawei ESMs with other ESMs, which causes the acceleration
of capacity deterioration. For example, the customer uses Huawei ESMs together
with the ESMs of other brands or rated capacities, or with old ESMs.
− ESMs are stolen.
− The ESM warranty expires.

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual C Technical Specifications

C Technical Specifications

Table C-1 Technical specifications

Item Specifications

Dimensions (W x D x  442 mm x 396 mm x 130 mm (excluding mounting ears)


H)  482 mm x 396 mm x 130 mm (including mounting ears)

Weight 44 kg

Installation mode Installed in a 19-inch rack

Maintenance mode Maintained from the front

Humidity 5%–95%
Altitude 0–4000 m (When the altitude ranges from 2000 m to 4000 m, the
highest operating temperature decreases by 1°C for each
additional 200 m.)

Ripple and noise ≤ 200 mV

IP rating IP40
Other requirements Indoor scenario:
 There is no conductive dust, corrosive gas, or explosion
hazard.
 Dust, corrosive substances, pests, molds, and other indicators
should be controlled in accordance with class 3.1
requirements in ETSI EN 300 019-1-3 (V2.3.2 or a later
version).
Outdoor scenario:
 There is no conductive dust, corrosive gas, or explosion
hazard.
 Dust, corrosive substances, pests, molds, and other indicators
should be controlled in accordance with class 4.1
requirements in ETSI EN 300 019-1-4 (V2.2.1).

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BoostLi Energy Storage Module ESM-48100B1
User Manual D Acronyms and Abbreviations

D Acronyms and Abbreviations

E
ESM energy storage module
ESMU energy storage management unit

S
SOC state of charge

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