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# AKSHAYA COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

## Department of Mechatronics Engineering

COURSE SESSION PLAN

## Faculty Name: Date: Session Plan Ref. No.:

Course: ME8593-Design of Machine Elements Unit:1st Unit- STEADYSTRESSESAND VARIABLESTRESSESIN MACHINEMEMBERS
Topic: Lesson Plan Sl.No: Duration: 55 Minutes

S.No. Content to be delivered Method of presentation Mode of Previous year University Probable questions
delivery Questions as per Bloom’s
Taxonomy
1 1.1 Stress starin curve, Factor of safety  Real time happenings which the students ppt 1. Define factor of safety.
and Introduction to the design probably know. (May/June-2014)
process,
 Relate factor of safety with stress strain
curve.
 Explain with flow chart
1.2 factors influencing machine design  Explaining the meaning of factors with
Tell about different factors some suitable examples. PPT
2 2.1 Selection of materials based on  Explaining the mechanical properties with PPT 1.Describe the material properties of 1. What are the
mechanical properties real time happenings and laboratory hardness, factors that govern
Tell about important of properties equipments Stiffness and resilience. selection of materials
2.2 Preferred numbers,fits and  Explain about bike spanner kids and how PPT , video (NOV/DEC2016) while designing
tolerances the nuts and bolts are standardised. 2. What are preferred numbers? machine components?
rounded of values
application of tolerances. numbers? ®

3 3.1 Direct,Bending and torsional stress  Explaining about a shaft and the combined C & T
equations stresses acting on it.
explain about shaft application  Example- propeller shaft, pvc pipes
4 4.1 Impact and shock loading  Explaining the real time application. C&T
Explaining the difference between  Example –Hammering Process, bomb blast
5 55.1 Calculation of principle stresses for  Explain the important of planes and C&T 1. A shaft, as shown in Fig. Is 1. Calculate the
various load combinations, combined stresses. subjected to a bending load of 3 kN, maximum stress
Explanation with real time  Difference between normal stress and pure torque of 1000 N-m and an acting on the shaft.
application shear stress. axial pulling force of 15 kN.Calculate
the stresses at A and B. (MAY/JUNE-
2016)

 How to apply load away from axis point.
6 6.1 Curved beams,  Important of centroidal axis and C&T 1. A link of ‘S’ shape made of a round 1. Write the
neutroidal axis with simple example. steel bar is shown in fig. Material for difference
the link is plain carbon steel with a between
yield stress of 380Mpa in tension. centroidal and
The factor of safety is 4.5. Calculate neutroidal
the dimensions of the link. axis.
(Apr/May-2017)

7 7.1 crane hook  Explain about real time examples like C&T
construction of bridge.
 Weight lifting capacity of crane hook.
8 8.1 C’frame  Explain the application of punching press. C&T 1. The C-Frame of a 100KN Capacity 1. Determine the
press is shown in fig. the material of dimensions of
the frame is grey cast iron FG200 the frame.
and the factor of safety is 3. 2. Find the load
Determine the dimensions of the carrying
frame. (NOV/DEC-2018) capacity of C-
Frame?
9 9.1 Theories of failure  Explain the machine components, which C&T 1.A wall bracket with a rectangular 1. What are
are subjected to several types of loads cross-section is shown in fig. the depth various
simultaneously. of the cross section is twice of the width. theories of
The force p acting on the bracket at 600
 Example –A power screw is subjected to failure.
to the vertical is 5KN. The material of
torsional moments as well as axial force, 2. Why normal
the bracket is gray cast-iron FG200 and
overhang crank is subjected to combined FOS is 3.5. Determine the dimensions of
stress theory
bending and torsional moments. the cross-section of the bracket. Assume is not suitable
maximum normal stress theory of for ductile
failure.(Apr/MAY-2018 material?

 3.

## 2. A bolt is subjected to a ductile load of

25KN and shear load of 15KN.
Considering following theories of failure.
Determine a suitable size of the bolt if
the material of the bolt is C15 having
200N/mm2 yield strength. Assume FOS
as 2.
i. Maximum Normal stress theory.
ii. Maximum Shear stress theory
iii. Von misses theory (Nov/Dec-2017)

## 3. A hollow circular column of external

diameter 250 mm and internal
diameter 200 mm, carries a projecting
bracket on which a load of 20 kN rests,
as shown in Fig. 5.22. The centre of the
load from the centre of the column is
500 mm. Find the stresses at the sides
of the column.

 4.

10 10.1 Design based on strength and  Explain about plastic and elastic PPT 1. Define Stress Concentration. 1. What is meant by
stiffness, stress concentration deformation (MAY/JUNE-2016) stress concentration?
 Stress concentration can explain with real
time application
11 11.1 Design for variable loading.  Recalling the difference between static C&T 1. A machine component is subjected to
and dynamic loads with simple examples. a flexural stress which fluctuates
 Explain the important of fluctuating stress, between + 300 MN/m2 and – 150
MN/m2. Determine the value of
fatigue stress.
minimum ultimate strength according to
1. Gerber relation;
2. Modified Goodman relation;
3. Soderberg relation.
Take yield strength = 0.55 Ultimate
strength; Endurance strength =0.5
Ultimate strength; and factor of safety =
2. (NOV/DEC-2017)
drawn carbon steel of circular cross-
section as shown in Fig. 6.18, is
subjected to a load which varies from –
F to 3 F. Determine the maximum load
that this member can withstand for an
indefinite life using a factor of safety as
2. The theoretical stress concentration
factor is 1.42 and the notch sensitivity is
0.9. Assume the following values :
Ultimate stress = 550 MPa
Yield stress = 470 MPa
Endurance limit = 275 MPa
Size factor = 0.85
Surface finish factor= 0.89 (APR/MAY-
2016)
11 11.3 Design for variable loading.  3. A circular bar of 500 mm length is
supported freely at its two ends. It is
acted upon by a central concentrated
cyclic load having a minimum value of
20 kN and a maximum value of 50 kN.
Determine the diameter of bar by taking
a factor of safety of 1.5, size effect of
0.85, surface finish factor of 0.9. The
material properties of bar are given by :
ultimate strength of 650 MPa, yield
Strength of 500 MPa and endurance
strength of 350 MPa. (NOV/DEC-2016).