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Fifth Semester (Mechanical Engineering)

Heat transfer
Multiple Choice Question (Practical)

1) In gases, the transfer of heat takes place by


a. volumetric density b. transporting energy with free electrons
c. unstable elastic collision d. random molecular collision
2)How does the heat transfer take place in metals?
a. volumetric density b. transporting energy with free electrons
c. unstable elastic collision d. random molecular collision
3) Internal energy of a substance is associated with
a. microscopic modes of energy b. macroscopic modes of energy
c. both a. and b. d. none of the above
4) In which phase of a substance does conduction mode of heat transfer take place?
a. solid b. liquid c. gaseous d. all of the above
5) What is the condition for conduction mode of heat transfer between two bodies?
a. the two bodies must be in physical contact b. there must be temperature gradient between the bodies
c. both a. and b. d. none of the above
6) What is the purpose of using fins in a particular heat transfer system?
a. to decrease rate of heat transfer b. to increase rate of heat transfer
c. to maintain rate of heat transfer at a constant rate d. cannot say
7) Temperature at the end tip of the fin having uniform cross-sectional area is
a) maximum b) minimum c) similar to the heat generation temperature d) unpredictable
8)In the process of heat transfer through extended surfaces or fins, the entire surface area is at
a. the same constant temperature b. different temperatures
c. maximum base temperature d. minimum temperature
9) What is the effect of thermal conductivity k on fin effectiveness?
a. fin is effective for smaller value of thermal conductivity k
b. fin is effective for larger value of thermal conductivity k
c. thermal conductivity k does not affect the fin effectiveness
d. cannot say
10) For effective working of fins, the thickness of the fines should be
a. large b. small c. thickness of fin does not affect the fin effectiveness d. unpredictable
11) What is the ratio of the buoyancy force to the viscous force acting on a fluid called?
a. Prandtl number (Pr) b. Reynolds number (Re) c. Nusselt number (Nu) d. Grashof number (Gr)
12) In natural convection, the Nusselt number (Nu) depends on
a. Pr and Re b. Gr and Re c. Gr and Pr d. none of the above
13) If there are no externally induced flow velocities, then the Nusselt number (Nu) does not depend upon
a. Prandtl number (Pr) b. Reynolds number (Re) c. Grashof number (Gr) d. none of the above
14) The Grashof number in natural convection plays same role as
a. Prandtl number (Pr) in forced convection b. Reynolds number (Re) in forced convection
c. Nusselt number (Nu) in forced convection d. none of the above
15) Which among the following has lowest thermal conductivity among the others?
a. silver b. water c. mercury d. copper
16) What is the relation between convection heat transfer coefficients of natural convection and forced convection?
a. convection heat transfer coefficient of natural convection is lower than the convection heat transfer coefficient of
forced convection
b. convection heat transfer coefficient of natural convection is more than the convection heat transfer coefficient of
forced convection
c. convection heat transfer coefficients in both natural and forced convection are the same for same system
d. unpredictable
17) The intensity of mixing of fluid in natural convection is
a. more than the intensity of mixing of fluid in forced convection
b. less than the intensity of mixing of fluid in forced convection
c. equal to the intensity of mixing of fluid in forced convection
d. unpredictable
18) Generally, natural convection occurs due to
a. change in velocity of a fluid b. change in density of a fluid
c. change in molecular structure of a fluid d. none of the above
19) What is hydro-dynamically developed region in fluid flowing inside a pipe?
a region where velocity profile of the fluid is partially developed
b. a region where velocity profile of the fluid is fully developed
c. a region where velocity profile of the fluid changes according to the distance
d. none of the above
20) Which of the following condition is correct for natural convection?
a. (Gr / Re2) = 1 b. (Gr / Re2) << 1 c. (Gr / Re2) >> 1 d. none of the above
21) Which of the following is/are example/s of heat exchanger?
a. Feed water heater in which a stream of steam is directly mixed with cold water and the mixture leaves at uniform
temperature
b. Feed water heater in which a stream of steam and cold water are not mixed and separated by partition through
which heat flows
c. both a. and b. d. none of the above
22) Which of the following is NOT a type of heat exchanger?
a. Recuperator b. Regenerator
c. Mixer d. none of the above
23) The two fluids are not mixed and kept separated as they both flow through heat exchanger in
a. Transfer type heat exchanger or recuperator b. Storage type heat exchanger or regenerator
c. Direct contact type heat exchanger or mixer d. none of the above
24) Which of the following is/are example/s of direct contact type heat exchanger?
a. jet condenser b. desuperheater c. cooling tower d. all of the above
25) What is the purpose of using baffles in shell-and-tube heat exchangers?
a. to maintain uniform spacing between tubes b. to enhance heat transfer
c. both a. and b. d. none of the above
26) Heat energy received by the earth from the sun is due to
a. Convection b. Radiation c. Reflection of light d. Transmission of light
27) Emissivity of perfectly black body is
a. 1 b. 2 c. 5 d. 0
28) Absorptive power of perfectly black body is
a. Zero b. Infinity c. One d. Constant
29) The best ideal black body is
a. Lamp of charcoal heated to high temperature b. Metal coated with a black dye
c. Glass surface coated with coalter d. Hollow enclosure blackened inside and having a small hole
30) A metal piece heated to T1 °K. The temperature of the surrounding is T2°K. the heat in the surrounding due to
radiation is proportional to
a. (T14 – T24) b. (T1 – T2)4 c. (T14 + T24) d.(T13 – T23)

31 The convective heat transfer coefficient in laminar flow over a flat plate
(a) increases if a lighter fluid is used
(b) increases if a higher viscosity fluid is used
(c) increases if higher velocities are used
(d) increases with distance.
32 As viscosity of fluid increases the boundary layer thickness
(a) will increase (b) will decrease
(c) will not change
(d) will increase at medium values and then will decrease.
33 Heat transfer rate
(a) will be higher in turbulent flow (b) will be lower in turbulent flow
(c) will depend only on the fluid (d) will depend only on viscosity.
34 Nusselt number is
(a) ratio of viscous to inertia forces
(b) dimensionless heat transfer coefficient
(c) ratio of conduction to convection resistance
(d) signifies the velocity gradient at the surface.

35 Reynolds number is
(a) ratio of conduction to convection resistance
(b) ratio of buoyant to inertia forces
(c) ratio of viscous to inertia forces
(d) ratio of heat conducted to the heat capacity.

36 Prandtl number is
(a) ratio of buoyant force to inertia force
(b) ratio of conduction to convection resistance
(c) signifies the temperature gradient at the surface
(d) ratio of Molecular momentum diffusivity to thermal diffusivity.
37 In flow over a flat plate the convection coefficient
(a) Always increases along the flow
(b) Decreases, increases and decreases
(c) Increases upto critical Reynolds number and then decreases
(d) Decreases upto critical Reynolds number and then increases.
38 (a) Buoyant forces and inertia forces only influence free convection heat transfer.
(b) Viscous and buoyant forces only influence free convection heat transfer.
(c) Viscous and inertia forces only influence free convection heat transfer.
(d) Viscous, inertia and buoyant forces influence the heat transfer in free convection.
39 When some flow velocity is superimposed on free convection, the predominance of either is determined
by
(a) Gr > > Re2 means forced convection
(b) Gr ≈ Re2 means none of the two
(c) Gr < < Re2 means free convection
(d) Gr = Re means purely free convection.

40 In free convection, the slope of the curve Nu vs Gr Pr


(a) Increases with increasing Gr Pr
(b) Decreases with increasing Gr Pr
(c) Increases and then decreases with increasing Gr Pr
(d) Decreases and then increases with increasing Gr Pr.
41. A grey body is one whose absorptivity
(a) varies with temperature
(b) varies with the wave length of incident ray
(c) varies with both
(d) does not vary with temperature and wave length of the incident ray
(e) there is no such criterion.
42. Planck's law holds good for
(a) black bodies
(b) polished bodies
(c) all coloured bodies
(d) all of the above
(e) none of the above.
43. A perfect black body is one which
(a) is black in colour
(b) reflects all heat
(c) transmits all heat radiations
(d) abslprbs heat radiations of all wave lengths falling on it
(e) fully opaque.
44. In regenerator type heat exchanger, heat transfer takes place by
(a) direct mixing of hot and cold fluids
(b) a complete separation between hot and cold fluids
(c) flow of hot and cold fluids alternately over a surface
(d) generation of heat again and again
(e) indirect transfer.
45. Absorptivity of a body will be equal to its emissivity
(a) at all temperatures
(b) at one particular temperature
(c) when system is under thermal equi-librium
(d) at critical temperature
(e) for a polished body.
46. The emissive power of a body depends upon its
(a) temperature
(b) wave length
(c) physical nature
(d) all of the above
(e) none of the above.
47. The amount of radiation mainly depends on
(a) nature of body
(b) temperature of body
(c) type of surface of body
(d) all of the above
(e) none of the above.
48. The ratio of the energy absorbed by the body to total energy falling on it is called
(a) absorptive power
(b) emissive power
(c) absorptivity
(d) emissivity
(e) none of the above.
49. Thermal diffusivity of a substance is
(a) directly proportional to thermal con¬ductivity
(b) inversely proportional to density of substance
(c) inversely proportional to specific heat
(d) all of the above
(e) none of the above.
50. The thermal diffusivities for solids are generally
(a) less than those for gases
(b) jess than those for liquids
(c) more than those for liquids and gases
(d) more or less same as for liquids and gases
51. Stefan Boltzmann law is applicable for heat transfer by
(a) conduction
(b) convection
(c) radiation
(d) conduction and radiation combined
(e) convection and radiation combined.
52. In free con-vection heat transfer, Nusselt number is function of
(a) Grashoff no. and Reynold no.
(b) Grashoff no. and Prandtl no.
(c) Prandtl no. and Reynold no.
(d) Grashoff no., Prandtl no. and Reynold no.
(e) none of the above.
53. Which of the following property of air does not increase with rise in temperature
(a) thermal conductivity
(b) thermal diffusivity
(c) density
(d) dynamic viscosity
(e) kuiematic viscosity.
54. The energy distribution of an ideal reflector at higher temperatures is largely in the range of
(a) shorter wavelength
(b) longer wavelength
(c) remains same at all wavelengths
(d) wavelength has nothing to do with it
(e) none of the above.