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# RAVI MATHS TUITION CENTER ,GKM COLONY, CHENNAI- 82.

PH: 8056206308
10th 2ND MID TERM IMPORTANT SUMS Date : 31-Oct-19
10th Standard
Maths Reg.No. :
LIKE , SUBSCRIBE AND SHARE MY YOUTUBE CHANNEL
SR MATHS TEST PAPERS
Time : 02:30:00 Hrs
Total Marks : 100

RS
1) If the difference between the roots of the equation x2 - 13x + k = 0 is 17. find k
Answer : x2 - 13x + k = 0 here, a = 1, b = -13, c = k
Let α, β be the roots of the equation. Then

PE
−b −(−13)
α+β= a = 1
= 13 ...... (1) also α - β = 17 ......(2)
(1) + (2) we get, 2α = 30 gives α = 15

PA
Therefore, 15 + β = 13 (from (1)) gives β = -2
c k
But, αβ = a = 1
gives 15 x (-2) = k we get, k = -30
2) If α, β are the roots of the equation 3x2 + 7x - 2 = 0, find the values of
α β
+
β α
ST
Answer : 3x2 + 7x - 2 = 0 here, a = 3, b = 7, c = -2
since, α, β are the roots of the equation
−b −7 c −2
TE

α+β= a = 3
, αβ = a = 3
2
( ) −2( −2 )
−7
α β α2 +β 2 (α+β)2 −2αβ 3 3 −61
β
+ α = αβ
= αβ
= −2
= 6
3

S

## Answer : ⎛ a11 a12 a13 ⎞

The general 3×3 matrix is given by A = ⎜ a21 a23 ⎟ aij = i2j2
TH

⎝a a33 ⎠
a22
31 a32
a11 = 12 x 12 = 1 x 1 = 1; a12 = 12 x 22 = 1 x 4 = 4; a13 = 12 x 32 = 1 x 9 = 9
a21 = 22 x 12 = 2 x 1 = 2; a22 = 22 x 22 = 4 x 4 = 16; a23 = 22 x 32 = 4 x 9 = 36
A

⎛1 4 9 ⎞
M

## Hence the required matrix is A = ⎜ 4 16 36 ⎟

⎝9 36 81 ⎠
SR

a − b 2a + c 1 5
Find the value of a, b, c, d from the equation ( )=( )
4)
2a − b 3c + d 0 2
Answer : The given matrices are equal. Thus all corresponding elements are equal.
Therefore, a - b = 1 …(1)
2a + c = 5 …(2)
2a - b = 0 …(3)
3c + d = 2 …(4)
(3) gives 2a - b = 0
2a = b …(5)
Put 2a = b in equation (1), a - 2a = 1 gives a = −1
Put a = −1 in equation (5), 2(-1) = b gives b = −2 channel for more papers
Put a = −1 in equation (2), 2(-1) + c = 5 gives c = 7
SR MATHS TEST PAPERS
Put c = 7 in equation (4), 3(7) + d = 2 gives d = −19
Therefore, a = −1, b = −2, c = 7, d = −19
2 1 2 0
If A = [ ],B=[ ] find AB and BA. Check if AB = BA
5)
1 3 1 3
Answer : We observe that A is a 2 x 2 matrix and B is a 2 x 2 matrix, hence AB is defined and it will be of the order 2 x 2.
2 1 2 0 4+1 0+3 5 3
AB = [ ]×[ ]=[ ]=[ ]
1 3 1 3 2+3 0+9 5 9
2 0 2 1 4+0 2+0 4 2
BA = [ ]×[ ]=[ ]=[ ]
1 3 1 3 2+3 1+9 5 10
Therefore, AB ≠ BA.
2 1 4
Solve [ ][ ] = [ ]
6) x

RS
1 2 y 5
1 2 4
[ ] [ ] =[ ]
1
2 2×2 y 2×1 5
2x + y 4
By matrix multiplication [ ]=[ ]

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x + 2y 5
Rewriting 2x + y = 4 ....(1)

PA
x + 2y = 5 ....(2)

ST
Substituting y = 2 in (1), 2x + 2 = 4 gives x = 1
Therefore, x = 1, y = 2.

⎡1 −1 ⎤
TE

7)
⎢2 1 ⎥ and C = [
1 2
If A = [ 1 −1 2 ] , B = ] show that (AB)C = A(BC)
⎣1 3 ⎦
2 −1
S

⎡ 1 −1 ⎤
AB = [ 1 −1 2 ]1×3 ⎢ 2 1 ⎥
TH

= [ 1 − 2 + 2 −1 − 1 + 6 ] = [ 1 4 ]
⎣1 3 ⎦
3×2
1 2
(AB)C = [ 1 4 ]1×2 × [ ] = [ 1 + 8 2 − 4 ] = [ 9 −2 ] ......(1)
2 −1 2×2
A

RHS A(BC)
⎡1 −1 ⎤ ⎡ 1 − 2 2 + 1 ⎤ ⎡ −1 3 ⎤
M

BC = ⎢ 2 1 ⎥ = ⎢2 + 2 4 − 1⎥ = ⎢ 4 3 ⎥
12
×[ ]
⎣1 3 ⎦3×2
−1 2×2 ⎣
2
1 + 6 2 − 3 ⎦ ⎣ 7 −1 ⎦
⎡ −1 3 ⎤
SR

A(BC) = [ 1 −1 2 ]1×3 ⎢ 4 3 ⎥
⎣ 7 −1 ⎦
3×2
A(BC) = [ −1 − 4 + 14 3 − 3 − 2 ] = [ 9 −2 ] ....(2)
From (1) and (2), (AB)C = A(BC).
8) ⎡ 2 −1 ⎤
] and B = ⎢ −1 4 ⎥ show that (AB)T = BTAT
1 2 1
If A = [
2 −1 1 ⎣ 0 2 ⎦
⎡ 2 −1 ⎤
× ⎢ −1 4 ⎥
1 2 1
AB = [ ]
−1 1 2×3 ⎣
2 ⎦3×2
2
0
2 − 2 + 0 −1 + 8 + 2 0 9
=[ ]=[ ]
4 + 1 + 0 −2 − 4 + 2 5 −4
(AB)T = ...............(1)
0 5
RHS (BTAT) =[ ]
0 9 T 9−4
[ ] ⎡1 2 ⎤
] , AT = ⎢ 2 −1 ⎥
2 5 −1
−4 0
BT = [
−1 4 2 ⎣1 1 ⎦
⎡1 2 ⎤
× ⎢ 2 −1 ⎥
2 −1 0
B A =[
T T ]
−1 4 2 2×3 ⎣
1 1 ⎦3×2
2−2+0 4+1+0
=[ ]
−1 + 8 + 2 −2 − 4 + 2
0 5
B T AT = [ ]

RS
........(2)}
9 −4
From (1) and (2), (AB)T = BTAT.
Hence proved.

PE
9) A player sitting on the top of a tower of height 20 m observes the angle of depression of a ball lying on the ground as 60° .
Find the distance between the foot of the tower and the ball.(√3 =1.732)

PA
Answer : Let BC be the height of the tower and A be the position of the ball lying on the ground. Then, BC = 20 m and ∠
XCA=60°= ∠ CAB
Let AB = x metres.
In right triangle ABC,
tan60°= BC
ST
AB
20
√3 = x
20×√3 20×1.732
x= =
TE

3
=11.54m
√3×√3
Hence, the distance between the foot of the tower and the ball is 11.54 m.
S
TH
A
M
SR

10) A cylindrical drum has a height of 20 cm and base radius of 14 cm. Find its curved surface area and the total surface area.
Answer : Given that, height of the cylinder h = 20 cm ; radius r =14 cm
Now, C.S.A. of the cylinder = 2pπ h sq. units
22
C.S.A. of the cylinder=2 × 7
× 14 × 20 = 2 × 22 × 2 × 20
T.S.A. of the cylinder = 2πr(h + r) sq.units
22 22
=2× 7
× 14 × (20 + 14) = 2 × 7
× 14 × 34
=2992 cm 2

## Therefore, C.S.A. = 1760 cm2 and T.S.A. = 2992 cm2

11) The curved surface area of a right circular cylinder of height 14 cm is 88 cm2 . Find the diameter of the cylinder.
Answer : Given that, C.S.A. of the cylinder =88 sq. cm
2π rh=88
(given h=14cm)
22
22r=
× 88×7
7
×=
142= 88
22×14
Therefore, diameter = 2 cm
12) A garden roller whose length is 3 m long and whose diameter is 2.8 m is rolled to level a garden. How much area will it
cover in 8 revolutions?
Answer : Given that, diameter d = 2.8 m and height = 3 m
Area covered in one revolution = curved surface area of the cylinder
= 2π rh sq. units
22
2× 7
× 1.4 × 3 = 26.4

RS
Area covered in 1 revolution = 26.4 m2
Area covered in 8 revolutions =8×26.4 = 211.2
Therefore, area covered is 211.2 m2

PE
13) If the total surface area of a cone of radius 7cm is 704 cm2, then find its slant height.
Now, total surface area of the cone =π r(l+r)sq.units

PA
T.S.A=704 cm2
704= 22
7
× 7(l + 7)
32=l+7 implies l=25 cm ST
Therefore, slant height of the cone is 25 cm.
14) Find the diameter of a sphere whose surface area is 154 m2.
Answer : Let r be the radius of the sphere. Given that, surface area of sphere = 154 m2
TE

4π r2 = 154
22 1 7
4× 7
× r2 = 154 gives r2 = 154 × 4
× 22
49
hence, r2 = 4
We get r= 72
S

Therefore, diameter is 7 m
15) If the base area of a hemispherical solid is 1386 sq. metres, then find its total surface area?
TH

Given that, base area = π r2 = 1386 sq. m
T.S.A. = 3 π r2 sq.m
A

=3×1386 = 4158
M

## Therefore, T.S.A. of the hemispherical solid is 4158 m2.

16) The internal and external radii of a hollow hemispherical shell are 3 m and 5 m respectively. Find the T.S.A. and C.S.A. of
the shell.
SR

Answer : Let the internal and external radii of the hemispherical shell be r and R
respectively.
Given that, R = 5 m, r =3 m
C.S.A. of the shell =2π (R2+r2) sq. units
22
=2× 7
× (25 + 9) = 213.71

## T.S.A. of the shell =π (3R2+r2) sq. units

22
= (75 +C.S.A.
Therefore,
7
9) ==264
213.71 m2 and T.S.A. = 264 m2.
17) A sphere, a cylinder and a cone (Fig.7.20) are of the same radius, where as cone and cylinder are of same height. Find the
ratio of their curved surface areas.

Answer : Required Ratio = C.S.A. of the sphere: C.S.A. of the cylinder : C.S.A. of the cone
−−−−−− −−
− −−
4πr2 : 2πrh : πrl, (l = √r2 + h2 = √2r2 = √2r units)

RS
= 4 : 2 : √2 = 2√2 : √2 : 1 .
18) The slant height of a frustum of a cone is 5 cm and the radii of its ends are 4 cm and 1 cm. Find its curved surface area.

PE
Answer : Let l, R and r be the slant height, top radius and bottom radius of the frustum.
Given that, l=5 cm, R =4 cm, r =1 cm
Now, C.S.A. of the frustum π (R+r)l sq.units

PA
22
7
× (4 + 1) × 5
550
= 7
Therefore, C.S.A. = 78.57 cm2
19) Find the value of a, b, c, d, x, y from the following matrix equation.
ST
d 8 3 2 2a 0 1
[ ]+[ ]=[ ]+[ ]
a
3b a −2 −4 b 4c −5 0
TE
Answer : First, we add the two matrices on both left, right hand sides to get
d+3 8+a 2 2a + 1
[ ]=[ ]
3b − 2 a − 4 b−5 4c
Equating the corresponding elements of the two matrices, we have
S

d + 3 = 2 gives d = –1
8 + a = 2a + 1 gives a = 7
TH

−3
3b - 2 = b - 5 gives b = 2
3
Substituting a = 7 in a - 4 = 4c gives c = 4
−3 3
Therefore, a = 7, b = ,c= , d = -1.
A

2 4
20) Draw a circle of radius 3 cm. Take a point P on this circle and draw a tangent at P.
M

SR

Given, radius r = 3 cm
Construction
Step 1: Draw a circle with centre at O of radius 3 cm.
Step 2: Take a point P on the circle. Join OP.
Step 3: Draw perpendicular line TT' to OP which passes through P.
Step 4: TT is the required tangent
21) Draw a circle of radius 4 cm. At a point L on it draw a tangent to the circle using the alternate segment.

RS
PE
PA
ST
Construction
Step 1 : With O as the centre, draw a circle of radius 4 cm.
TE

Step 2 : Take a point L on the circle. Through L draw any chord LM.
Step 3 : Take a point M distinct from L and N on the circle, so that L, M and N are in anti clockwise direction. Join LN and NM.
Step 4 : Through L draw a tangent TT' such that ∠ TLM=∠ MNL
S

## Step 5 : TT'is the required tangent.

TH

22) Draw a circle of diameter 6 cm from a point P, which is 8 cm away from its centre. Draw the two tangents PA and PB to the
circle and measure their lengths.
Given, diameter (d) = 6 cm, we find radius (r) = = 3cm
A

2
M
SR

Construction
Step 1: With centre at O, draw a circle of radius 3 cm.
Step 2: Draw a line OP of length 8 cm.
Step 3: Draw a perpendicular bisector of OP, which cuts OP at M.
Step 4: With M as centre and MO as radius, draw a circle which cuts previous circle at A and B.
Step5: Join AP and BP. AP and BP are the required tangents. Thus length of the tangents are PA = PB = 7.4 cm.
Verification : In the right angle triangle OAP,PA2=OP2-OA2 = 64 -9 = 55
−−−−
PA = √55 =7.4 cm (approximately) .
23) From the top of a 12 m high building, the angle of elevation of the top of a cable tower is 60° and the angle of depression of
its foot is 30°. Determine the height of the tower.
Answer : As shown in Fig, OA is the building, O is the point of observation on the top of the building OA. Then, OA = 12 m.
PP' is the cable tower with P as the top and P ' as the bottom.
Then the angle of elevation of P, ∠MOP=60°
And the angle of depression of P', ∠MOP'=30°

RS
Suppose, height of the cable tower PP ' = h metres.
Through O, draw OM ⊥ PP'
MP = PP'−MP'=h−OA=h−12

PE
In right triangle OMP, MP
OM
= tan 60o
h−12
gives OM
= √3
h−12
so, OM, = ...(1)

PA
√3
MP ′
In right triangle OMP', OM
= tan 30o
12 1
given =
OM √3
so, OM = 12√3 ...(2)
From (1) and (2) we have, h−12
= 12√3
ST
√3
given h−12 = 12√3 x √3 we get, h = 48
Hence, the required height of the cable tower is 48 m.
TE
S
TH
A
M
SR

24) A pole 5 m high is fixed on the top of a tower. The angle of elevation of the top of the pole observed from a point ‘A’ on the
ground is 60° and the angle of depression to the point ‘A’ from the top of the tower is 45°. Find the height of the tower. (√3
=1.732)
Answer : Let BC be the height of the tower and CD be the height of the pole
Let ‘A’ be the point of observation.
Let BC = x and AB = y.
From the diagram,
ㄥBAD = 60° and ㄥXCA = 45° = ㄥBAC
BC
In right triangle ABC, tan 45o = AB
x
gives 1 = y so, x = y ...(1)
BC BC+CD
In right triangle ABD, tan60° = AB
= AB
gives √3 = so, √3 y = x + 5
x+5
we get √3 x =yx + 5 [From (1)]
5 5 √3+1 5(1.732+1)
so,
√3−1
= √3−1
× √3+1
= 2
= 6.83
Hence, height of the tower is 6.83 m.

RS
PE
PA
25) The shadow of a tower, when the angle of elevation of the sum is 45o is found to be 10 metres, longer than when it is 60o.
find the height of the tower
26) Find the volume of a cylinder whose height is 2 m and whose base area is 250 m2.
ST
Answer : Let r and h be the radius and height of the cylinder respectively.
Given that, height h = 2 m, base area = 250 m2
TE

## Now, volume of a cylinder = π r h 2 cu. units

=base area×h
=250×2 = 500 m3
Therefore, volume of the cylinder = 500 m3
S

27) The volume of a solid right circular cone is 11088 cm3. If its height is 24 cm then find the radius of the cone.
TH

Answer : Let r and h be the radius and height of the cone respectively.
Given that, volume of the cone = 11088 cm3
1
3
πr2 h = 11088
A

1
3
× 22
7
× r2 × 24 = 11088
2
r = 441
M

## Therefore, radius of the cone r = 21 cm.

28) The ratio of the volumes of two cones is 2:3. Find the ratio of their radii if the height of second cone is double the height of
SR

the first.
Answer : Let r1 and h1 be the radius and height of the cone-I and let r2 and h2 be the radius and height of the cone-II.
V olume of the cone I 2
Given h2 =2h1 = 2 and V olume of the cone II
= 3
1
πr21 h1 2
3
1
= 3
3
πr22 h2
r21 h1 2
× 2h2
= 3
r22
r21 4 r1 2
= 3
gives =
r22 r2 √3
Therefore, ratio of their radii = 2: √3
29) A metallic sphere of radius 16 cm is melted and recast into small spheres each of radius 2 cm. How many small spheres can
be obtained?
Answer : Let the number of small spheres obtained be n.
Let r be the radius of each small sphere and R be the radius of metallic sphere.
Here, R = 16 cm, r = 2 cm
Now, n´(Volume of a small sphere) = Volume of big metallic sphere
n ( 43 πr2 ) = 43 πR3
n ( 43 π × 23 ) = 43 π × 163
8n = 4096 gives n=512
Therefore, there will be 512 small spheres.
30) If the difference between a number and its reciprocal is 24
5
, find the number.
Answer : Let a number be x.
1
Its reciprocal is
x
1 24
x− = 5x

RS
x2 −1 24
x = 5
5x2-5-24x=0⇒5x2-24x-5=0
5x2-25x+x-5=0

PE
5x(x -5)+1(x-5)=0
(5x+1)(x-5)=0
x= 15 , 5

PA
−1
∴ The number is 5
or 5.
31) A bus covers a distance of 90 km at a uniform speed. Had the speed been 15 km/hour more it would have taken 30 minutes
less for the journey. Find the original speed of the bus.
Answer : Let x km/hr be the constant speed of the bus.
ST
The time taken to cover 90 km = 90
x hrs.
90
= hrs
TE
x+15
1
It is given that the time to cover 90 km is reduced by 2
hrs
90 90 1
⇒ x − x+15
= 5
S
TH

## X2+ 15x = 2700

X2+ 15x - 2700=0
−15±√225+10800
= 2
15±√11025
A

= 2
= −15±105
2
⇒ −15+105
2
= −15−105
2
M

90 −120
⇒ 2
, 2
=45,-60
as the roots are real and equal
SR

## The speed of the bus cannot be -ve value.

∴ The original speed of the bus is 45 km/hr.
32) There is a square field whose side is 10 m. A square flower bed is prepared in its centre leaving a gravel path all round the
flower bed. The total cost of laying the flower bed and gravelling the path at Rs3 and Rs.4 per square metre respectively is
Rs.364. Find the width of the gravel path.

## Area of the flower bed = a2

Area of the gravel path = 100 - a2
Area of total garden = 100
given cost of flower bed + gravelling = Rs.364
3a2 + 4 (100 - a2) = Rs.364
3a2 + 400 - 4a2 = 364
∴ a2 = 400-364
= 36 ⇒ a= 6
10−6 4
∴ width of gravel path = 2
= 2
= 2cm
33) The hypotenuse of a right angled triangle is 25 cm and its perimeter 56 cm. Find the length of the smallest side.
AC=25cm
AB+BC=56-25=31

RS
AB2+BC2=AC2
(AB_BC)2-2AB.BC=AC2
312-2AB· BC=252

PE
-2AB.BC=625-961
-2AB.BC=-336
AB.BC=168

PA
x2-31x+168=0
∵ α + β = 31
αβ = 168
ST
−(−31)±√(−31)2 −4×1×168
x= 2×1
31±√961−672
=
TE

2
31±√289
= 2
= 31±17
2
⇒ 31+17
2
or 31−17
2
48 14
= 2
, 2
⇒ 24, 7
S

## ∴ The length of the smallest side is 7cm.

TH

34) If the roots of (a - b)x2 + (b - c)x + (c - a) = 0 are real and equal, then prove that b, a, c are in arithmetic progression.
Answer : (a+b)x2+ (b-c)x + (c-a) = 0
A B C
A

∆=B2-4AC=0
⇒ (b-c)2-4(a-b)(c-a)
M

⇒ b2-2bc+c2-(ac-bc-a2+ab)
⇒ b2-2bc+c2-ac+bc+a2-ab
⇒ a3+b2+c2-ab-bc-ca=0
SR

⇒ a2+ b2+c2=ab+be+ca
∴ It is proved.
35) If the roots of the equation (c2 - ab)x2 - 2(a2 - bc)x + b2 - 4ac = 0 are real and equal prove that either a = 0 (or) a3 + b3 + c3 =
3abc.
Answer : (c2 - ab)x2 - 2(a2 - bc)x + (b2- ac) = 0
∆=B2-4AC=0
(since the roots are real and equal)
⇒ 4(a2-be)2-4(d-ab)(b2-ac)=0

⇒ 4a4+4ab3+4ac3-4a2bc-8a2bc=0
⇒ 4a[a3+b3+c3-3abc]=0
⇒a=0 or a3+b2+c3-3abc=0
⇒ a3+b3+c3=3abc
Hence proved.
36) The roots of the equation x2 + 6x - 4 = 0 are α, β. Find the quadratic equation whose roots are
α2 and β2
Answer : If the roots are given, the quadratic equation is X2 - (sum of the roots) x + product the roots =0. For the given equation.
x2 - 6x -4 = 0
∝+β=-6
∝β=-4
∝2+β2=(∝+β)2-2∝β

RS
=(-6)2-2(-4)=36+8=44
∝2β2=(∝β)2=(-4)2=16
∴ The requird equation=x2-44x+16=0

PE
37) If one root of the equation 2y2 - ay + 64 = 0 is twice the other then find the values of a.
Answer : Let one of the root ∝=2β
∝+β=2β+β=3β

PA
Given
2y2-ay+64=0
y2= a2 y+32=0 ST
⇒ y 2 − ( a2 ) y + 32 = 0
Sum of the roots ∝+β= a6
i.e 3β= a2 ⇒β= a6
TE

∝β=∝x a6
⇒ 2β × β = 2 ( a6 ) ( a6 )
a2=576
S

a=24,-24
38) If one root of the equation 3x2 + kx + 81 = 0 (having real roots) is the square of the other then find k.
TH

Let the roots be ∝ and ∝2
∝+∝2= −k ....(1)
A

3
∝+∝2= 81
3
M

⇒ k3=27
⇒ k3=3 ....(3)
3+32= −k
3
SR

⇒ (3+9)3=-k
⇒ k=-36.
7 0 3 0
Find X and Y if X + Y = [ ] and X - Y = [ ]
39)
3 5 0 4
7 0
X+Y=[ ]
...(1)
3 5
3 0
X-Y=[ ] ...(2)
0 4
______________
10 0
(1) + (2) ⇒ 2x = [ ]
3 9

=[ ]
5 0
3 9
2 2
7 0
(1) − (2) ⇒ X + Y = [ ]
3 5

0 4 4 0
2Y = [ ] ⇒ Y = 12 [ ]
1 3 3 1

∴Y =[3 1]
2 0
2 2

X=[ ],Y = [ ]
5 0 2 0
3 9 3 1
2 2 2 2

RS
4 −2 4
Find x and y if x [ ] + y[ ]=[ ]
40)
−3 3 6
Answer : 4x-2y = 4 ...(1)

PE
-3x+3y=6 ...(2)

PA
y = 6 ST
Sub.y=6 in (1) ⇒ 4x-2(6)=4
4x = 16
x =4
TE

x=4, y=6
2x 2 8 5x x2 + 8 24
Find the non-zero values of x satisfying the matrix equation x [ ] + 2[ ] = 2[ ]
41)
3 x 4 4x 10 6x
2x2 2x 8 5x 2x2 + 16 24
[ ] + 2[ ]=[ ]
S

3x x2 4 4x 10 6x
TH

12x=48 ⇒ x=4
x2 −2x −5
Solve for x, y : [ ] + 2[ ]=[ ]
42)
2 −y 8
y
A

y2-2y=8
M

y2-2y-8=0
(y-4)(Y+2)=0
y=4,-2
SR

x2-4x-5=0
(x-5)(x+1)=0
x=5,-1
x=-15, y=4,-2
1 2 4 0 2 0
Let A = [ ],B=[ ],C=[ ] Show that
43)
1 3 1 5 1 2
A(BC) = (AB)C
0 4 2 0 (8 + 0) (0 + 0) 8 0
|BC| = [ ][ ]=[ ]=[ ]
5 1 1 2 (2 + 5) (0 + 10) 7 10
1 2 8 0 (8 + 14) (0 + 20) 22 20
A(BC) = [ ][ ]=[ ]=[ ] . . . (1)
1 3 7 10 (8 + 21) (0 + 30) 29 30
R.H.S =(AB)C
2 1 4 0 (4 + 2) (0 + 10) 6 10
AB = ( )( )=[ ]=[ ]
3 1 1 5 (4 + 3) (0 + 15) 7 15
6 10 2 0 (12 + 10) (0 + 20) 22 20
(AB)C = [ ][ ]=[ ]=[ ] . . . (2)
7 15 1 2 (14 + 15) (0 + 30) 29 30
(1)=(2)⇒L.H.S=R.H.S
∴ A(BC)=(AB)C, verified
1 0
If A = [ ] and I = [ ] show that A2 - (a + d)A = (bc - ad)I2
44) a b
c d 0 1
a2 + bc ad + bd
A2 = ( )( )=( )
a b a b

RS
c d c d ac + cd bc + d 2
a2 + ad ab + bd
(a + d)A = (a + d) ( )=[ ]
a b
c d ac + cd ad + d 2
A2 − (a + d)A

PE
a2 + bc ad + bd a2 + ad ab + bd
=[ 2
]−[ ]
ac + cd bc + d ac + cd ad + d 2

PA
=[ ]
1 0
= (bc − ad) [ ] = (bc − ad)I2 = R. H. S.
0 1 ST
Hence it is proved.
3 1
If A = [ ] show that A2 - 5A + 7I2 = 0
45)
−1 2
TE

3 1 3 1 (9 − 1) (3 + 2)
A2 = [ ][ ]=[ ]
−1 2 −1 2 (−3 − 2) (−1 + 4)
8 5
=[ ]
S

−5 3
3 1 15 5
5A = 5 [ ]=[ ]
TH

−1 2 −5 10
7 0
7I2 = [ ]
0 7
8 5 15 5 7 0
A

## A2 − 5A + 7I2 = [ ]−[ ]+[ ]

−5 3 −5 10 0 7
0 0
M

=[ ]=0
0 0
Hence verified
SR

1 2 4 0 2 0
Let A = [ ],B=[ ],C=[ ] Show that (A − B)C = AC − BC
46)
1 3 1 5 1 2
L.H.S.=(A-B)C
2 1 4 0 −3 2
A−B=[ ]−[ ]=[ ]
3 1 1 5 0 −2
(A − B)C = [
−3 2
][
2 0
] Like and subscribe my youtube
0 −2 1 2
=[
(−6 + 2) (0 + 4)
] channel for more papers
(0 − 2) (0 − 4)
=[
−4 4
−2 −4
] . . . (1) SR MATHS TEST PAPERS
R.H.S=AC-BC
1 2 2 0 (2 + 2) (0 + 4)
AC 4= [4 ][ ]=[ ]
=[ 1] 3 1 2 (2 + 3) (0 + 6)
5 0
4 0 2 0
BC = [ ][ ]
1 5 1 2
(8 + 0) (0 + 0)
=[ ]
(2 + 5) (0 + 10)
8 0
=[ ]
7 10
4 4 8 0 −4 4
AC − BC = [ ]−[ ]=[ ]
5 6 7 10 −2 −4

RS
(1)=(2)⇒ LHS=RHS. Hence verified.
47) A circle is inscribed in △ ABC having sides 8 cm, 10 cm and 12 cm as shown in figure,Find AD, BE and CF.

PE
PA
Answer : We know that the tangents drawn from are external point to a circle are equal.
Therefore AD AF = x say ST
BD = BE = ysay
and CE = CF = z say
Now,AB = 12 cm, BC = 8 cm, and CA= 10 cm.
TE

## x+y= 12,y+z = 8andz+x= 10

(x+y)+(y+z)+(z+x)= 12+8+ 10
2(x +y +z) = 30
S

x+y+z = 15
Now,x + y =12 and x + y+z= 15
TH

x + y12andx + y + z = 15
y+z = 8 and x + y + z = 15
x + 8 = 15 ⇒ x = 7
A

## and z+u=10 nd x+y+z=15

10 + y = 15 ⇒ y = 5
M

48) Draw a circle of radius 4.5 cm. Take a point on the circle. Draw the tangent at that point using the alternate segment
SR

theorem.
Steps (1) With O as the centre, draw a circle of radius 4.S cm.
(2) Take a point R on the circle. Through R draw any chord PR.
(3) Take a point Q distinct from P and R on the circle, so that P, Q, Rare in anti-clockwise direction. Join PQ and QR.
(4) Through R drawn a tangent TTisuch that ∠T RP = ∠PQR
(5) TTi is the required tangent.

49) Draw the two tangents from a point which is 10 cm away from the centre of a circle of radius 5 cm. Also, measure the
lengths of the tangents.
Answer : The distance between the point from the centre is 10 cm.

RS
PE
PA
Construction:
Steps: ST
(1) With O as centre, draw a circle of radius 5cm.
(2) Draw a line OP = 10 cm.
(3) Draw a perpendicular bisector of OP which cuts OP at M.
TE

(4) With M as centre and MO as radius, draw a circle which cuts previous circle at A and B.
(5) Join AP and BP. AP and BP are the required tangents. Thus length of the tangents are PA and PB = 8.7 cm
Verification:
In the right triangle ∠POA
S

−−−−−−−−−−
PA = √OP 2 − OA2
TH

−−−−−−−
PA = √102 − 52
−−−−−−−
= √100 − 25
−−
= √75
A

≅ 8.7 cm (approximately)
50) Draw the two tangents from a point which is 5 cm away from the centre of a circle of diameter 6 cm. Also, measure the
M

## lengths of the tangents

Answer : Diameter = 6 cm
SR

## 6 The distance between the centre and the point is 5cm

2

Construction:
Steps:(1) With centre 0, draw a circle of radius 3cm.
(2) Draw a line OP = 5 cm
(3) Draw a bisector of OP, which cuts OP and M
(4) With M as centre and MO as raidus draw a circle which cuts previos circle at A and B
(5) .Join AP and BP. AP and BP are therequired tangents. Thus length of the tangents are PA = PB = 4 cm.
Verification:
In the right triangle ΔOPA
−−−−−−−−−−
PA = √OP 2 − OA2
−−−−− −
= √52 − 32
−−−−− −−
= √25 − 9 = √16
= 4cm
51) The top of a 15 m high tower makes an angle of elevation of 60° with the bottom of an electronic pole and angle of

RS
elevation of 30° with the top of the pole. What is the height of the electric pole?

PE
PA
ST
Let BD be tower of height = 15 m
AE be pole of height = 'p'
TE
15
In Δ EBD, tan 60o = x = √3
∴ x = 5√3
In Δ ABC,
BC 15−p 1
tan 30o = = =
S

Ac 5√3 √3
∴ 15 - p = 5
TH

p = 10 m
52) From the top of a tree of height 13 m the angle of elevation and depression of the top and bottom of another tree are 45° and
30° respectively. Find the height of the second tree.
A

(√3 =1.732)
M

SR

## In the figure, AB is the 2nd tree.

x
tan 45° = y =1
x=y
1 13
tan 30° =
√3
= y
y = 130 √3 = x
∴ The height of second tree is 130 + x
= 35.12 metres
53) A bird is sitting on the top of a 80 m high tree. From a point on the ground, the angle of elevation of the bird is45°. The bird
flies away horizontally in such away that it remained at a constant height from the ground. After 2 seconds, the angle of
elevation of the bird from the same point is 30°. Determine the speed at which the bird flies.(√3 =1.732)
Answer : Let s be the speed of the bird. In 2 seconds, the bird goes from C to D, it covers a distance 'd'.

RS
PE
PA
∴ d = s x t = 2s.
BC
In ΔABC, tan 45° = AB
=1
∴ BC = AB,
ST
∴ AB = 80 m
BE 80−x 1
In ΔABE, tan 30°= AB
= 80
= √3
TE

⇒ 80√3 - √3 x = 80
-√3 x = 80 - 80√3
√3 x = 80(√3 - 1)
80(√3−1)
∴x=
S

√3
CE x
In ΔCDE, tan 30°= =
TH

CD d

⇒ d = 80(√3 - 1)
A

=80(0.732)
= 58.56 m
M

distance
∴ speed = time
58.56m
= 2seconds
SR

= 29.28 m/s
54) The radius and height of a cylinder are in the ratio 5:7 and its curved surface area is 5500 sq.cm. Find its radius and height.
h=7x
CSA of a cylinder = 2πrh
= 2x 22
7
× 5x × 7x = 5500 Like and subscribe my youtube
x2 = 550
= 25
channel for more papers
22
∴ x=5 SR MATHS TEST PAPERS
height = 7x5=35cm.
55)
A solid iron cylinder has total surface area of 1848 sq.m. Its curved surface area is five – sixth of its total surface area. Find
the radius and height of the iron cylinder.
2πr(h+r)=1848m2
2πrh+2πr2=1848m2
5
6
x1848+2πr2=1848
1540+2πr2=1848
2πr2=1848-1540
=308
1 7
r2 = 308 × 2
× 22

RS
r2=49
r=7m
2πrh= 56 × 1848

PE
h=35m

PA
56) Th e radius of a sphere increases by 25%. Find the percentage increase in its surface area.
Answer : Surface area of sphere A = 4πr2 ST
New radius = r' = 1.25r,
[∵ r+0.25r] (25%=0.25)
New surface area = A' = 4π(r')2
TE

= 4π (1.25 r)2
4πr2[1.5625]
New SA−old SA
% increase in S.A = Old surface Area
× 100

S

A −A
= A
× 100
( 1.5625A−A
)
TH

= A
× 100
A

=56.25%
57) A solid consisting of a right circular cone of height 12 cm and radius 6 cm standing on a hemisphere of radius 6 cm is
M

placed upright in a right circular cylinder full of water such that it touches the bottom. Find the volume of the water
displaced out of the cylinder, if the radius of the cylinder is 6 cm and height is 18 cm.
SR

Answer : Volume of water displaced out = Volume of the solid immersed in.
Volume of the solid = Volume of the cone + Volume of the hemisphere
∴ Volume of the cone = 13 πr2 h
1
= 3
× 22
7
× 6 × 6 × 12
3168
= 7
= 452.57cm3 . . . (1)
2
Volume of the hemisphere = πr3

RS
3
2
= 3
× 22
7
×6×6×6
3168
= 7
= 452.57cm3

PE
∴ The volume of water displaced out
=Volume of the solid
=(1)+(2)

PA
=905.14 cm3
58) Water is flowing at the rate of 15 km per hour through a pipe of diameter 14 cm into a rectangular tank which is 50 m long
and 44 m wide. Find the time in which the level of water in the tanks will rise by 21 cm.
ST
r=7cm = 0.7m
l=15 km=15000 m
TE

In tank
l = 50m
b =44m
h =0.21m
S

## Volume of water in tank = lbh

TH

=50x44x0.21
=462m3
Height of cylinderical pipe = volume
2
πr
A

462
=
(0.07)2 ( 22
7
)
M

462
= 0.0154
=30000 m
30000
T ime =
SR

15000
2 hours
59) The internal and external diameter of a hollow hemispherical shell are 6 cm and 10 cm respectively. If it is melted and recast
into a solid cylinder of diameter 14 cm, then find the height of the cylinder.
Answer : D = 10 cm, R = 5 cm
d = 6 cm, r = 3 cm

## Volume of the cylinder made = Volume of hemisphere melted

πr2 = 23 π(R3 − r3 ) cubic units
h = 23 (125 − 27) × 1
7
× 1
7
2 1 1
= 3
× 98 × 7
× 7
∴ Height of the cylinder made = 1.33 cm
60) The volume of a cone is 1005 5 cu. cm. The area of its base is 201 1 sq. cm. Find the slant height of the cone.
7 7
Answer : Volume of a cone =1005 57 cu.cm
7040
πr2 h = 7

RS
7040
h= 1408
= 5cm
∴ The height of the cone =5cm

PE
Hint:
7040
πr2 = 7

PA
=64; r=8cm
−−−−−−
Slant height l= √h2 + r2
−−−−−−
ST
= √52 + 82
−−−−−−
= √25 + 64
−−
= √89 ≅9.4cm
TE
S
TH
A
M

SR

## channel for more papers

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