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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

•*„ KBR

JGG In Salah Gas Kellogg Brown & Root


A H»H!bMrton

IN SALAH GAS PROJECT

ENGINEERING PROCUREMENT & CONSTRUCTION PHASE

PIPING DESIGN SPECIFICATION

B Revised for NJ ut
Design

A IOSEP01 Issued for Design N.Reuter A. Fowler J.Hobbs

Rev. Date Reason for Issue Prepared By Checked By Project Approval QA Approval

Document JGC/KBR Field/Pipe Issuing Discipline System Sequential No. French Rev.
Chain Project No line Site Company Doc Type No Translation
Reference Element
Area Code

Custodian 6683 UUOO -B- LDSG -000- 0001 B

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Revision History

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

Contents

FRONT PAGE AND DOCUMENT REVISION RECORD

CONTENTS

ABBREVIATIONS

HOLDS

1.0 SCOPE

2.0 GENERAL

3.0 STAIRS & LADDERS

4.0 WALKWAYS & PLATFORMS

5.0 MANWAYS

6.0 PIPE CLEARANCES

7.0 VALVES & FLANGES

8.0 LINE ISOLATION

9.0 INSTRUMENTS

10.0 COMPRESSORS

11.0 PUMPS

12.0 PRESSURE VESSEL PIPING

13.0 NOZZLE PROJECTIONS

14.0 UNDERGROUND PIPING

15.0 REFERENCES

TABLES

TABLE I Access to walkways, platforms, ladders and maintenance

TABLE II Access provided to equipment

TABLE III Loss prevention / safety clearances

TABLE IV Elevations
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TABLES (CONT)

TABLE V Minimum straight length requirements for flow meters

FIGURES

FIGURE 1 Platform location limitations for stacks

FIGURE 2 Platform location limitations for relief and vent outlet piping

ATTACHMENTS

ATTACHMENT I Minimum centre to centre distances between pipes in


manifolds and between hand wheels of valves

ATTACHMENT II Minimum centre to centre distances between pipes in pipe


tracks, trenches and pipe bridges

ATTACHMENT III Ergonomic specification for valve layout

APPENDICES

APPENDIX 1 Typical fabrication details ladders in structures

APPENDIX 2 Standard circular platform and ladder details for vessels

APPENDIX 3 Typical fabrication details stairs and handrailing

APPENDIX 4 Pipe height and shoe selection table


(Refer to Pipe Support Specification)
A
APPENDIX 5 Deleted i

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

Abbreviations

BOP Bottom of Pipe

HPPE High Performance Polyethylene

MPPE Medium Performance Polyethylene

IFC Issued For Construction

MWKL M.W. Kellogg Ltd

P&ID Piping and Instrument Diagram

RV Relief Valve

TOS Top of Steel

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Holds

1. Deleted I

2. Deleted

3. Hassi R'Mel site elevation. 1

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1.0 SCOPE

The following specification has been produced from BP Recommended Practices


RP 44-7 (Riant Layout) and RP 42-1 (Piping Systems), together with RP 4-3 (Civil
engineering) and MWKL standard procedures. This specification is a summary of
the Project Piping Design requirements and is intended to provide guidelines for
detailed design. Designers must refer to the applicable Recommended Practices
or standard for comprehensive coverage of a subject if necessary. Where client
Recommended Practices or specifications do not apply MWKL standards shall be
used.
For basis of design used to prepare Plot Plans refer to Layout Philosophy.

2.0 GENERAL

The minimum size of piping running along piperacks or tracks shall be 2".

Branch connections on butt weld fittings shall be avoided wherever possible.

Requirements for safety clearances shall be in accordance with Figures 1 & 2 and
table III.

The minimum headroom over main roads and crane accessways shall be
5500mm.

Concrete elevations for paving and point of support shall be in accordance with
table IV.

3.0 STAIRS & LADDERS (RP 4-3)


(SEE TABLE I)

Stairways should be arranged with the angle of slope between 34 degrees and 38
degrees to the horizontal. Only in exceptional circumstances should slopes up to
45 degrees be provided.

The maximum rise in a single flight of stairs shall be 4600mm without an


intermediate landing and not more than 8000mm without a change in direction.
The minimum length of landing shall be 1200. (see Appendix 3 for stair and
handrailing details).

Ladders shall preferably be arranged for side exit. The maximum rise of ladders
should be preferable 6000mm, but shall not exceed 9000mm (see Appendix 1 &
2).

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4.0 WALKWAYS & PLATFORMS (RP 4-3 & RP 44-7)


(SEE TABLE I)

The minimum width for footpaths in tankage areas shall be 600mm.

Platforms for servicing the heads of shell/tube exchangers mounted in a structure


shall provide a working space of 1200mm wide.

Access, as stated in Table II, shall be provided at any item of equipment which
requires regular attention for operation or servicing while the plant or equipment is
in commission and which is located more than 2 m above grade level or another
platform.

On Piping Studies the platform elevations given are Top of Steel, this does not
include grating which is 25mm thick and must be taken into consideration for
headroom clearances.

Platforms for access to level instruments on vessels must be sized to ensure


adequate space for operation and maintenance. This is particularly important in
600# and 900# service when the valves are larger. For circular platform details see
Appendix 2.

The internal radius of circular platforms shall be determined from the following
formulae: -
IRP = IRV + PCP + VWT + 75

IRP = Inside Radius of Platform IRV = Inside Radius of Vessel


PCP = Platform Clip Projection VWT = Vessel Wall Thickness
VIT = Vessel Insulation Thickness

Vessel Operating VIT PCP


Temp °C mm mm
>21 <75 125
>21 76 to 150 200

Table 4.1 above shows values for PCP and VIT for hot vessels.

For layout purposes the bracket spacing for circular platforms will be as follows: -

VESSEL BRACKET ANGLE BETWEEN LADDER


INSIDE DIA SPACING AND ADJACENT BRACKET
less than 915 60° 30°
915 to 2260 45° 22.5°
2285 to 5005 30° 15°
5030 to 7595 22.5° 11.25°
7620 to 10060 18° 9°

All brackets shall straddle the primary axes (N-S and E-W centrelines) except for
the 60 degree spacing.
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5.0 MANWAYS

See Table I for requirements.

6.0 PIPE CLEARANCES

The minimum centre-to-centre distance between pipes in manifolds and between


valve handwheels shall be in accordance with Attachment I.

The minimum centre-to-centre distance between pipes shall be in accordance with


Attachment II. Special attention must be paid when lines are insulated.

Flanges in parallel pipelines shall be staggered with a minimum of 150mm


longitudinal clearance between flanges or insulation boxes.

The distance between pipes shall allow for the turning of a spectacle blind, if
present.

7.0 VALVES & FLANGES


(SEE TABLE II)

Valves and flanges shall not be located above roads.

Operational valves in overhead pipe racks shall be provided with platform access.
This includes battery limit isolation valves. Branch isolation valves, only used
during plant shutdown, do not require permanent access.

Valves shall be easily accessible for operation and maintenance and shall be
operable from a permanent floor level. The operating device shall as specified in
Attachment III

Extended spindle or chain-operated valves should be avoided. Chain operators


shall only be used with client approval. Where they are used they should not cause
obstructions.

Control valves shall be located at grade or on first level platforms, except when
specifically required for process or operational reasons.

Valves with an extended bonnet, in liquid service from -20° C to -50°C, shall be
installed with the stem vertical or with a maximum inclination of 60° from the
vertical.

Drain valves in liquid service operating below -20°C shall be installed with the stem
in the vertical position. These drain connections should be braced to the process
line.

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Low temperature service valves having no flow and a trapped gas bubble to
protect the valve seat from the low temperature (such as vents and pressure
gauges) may be installed with the stem in the horizontal position.

Inlet lines to relief valves and depressurising valves shall be self-draining to the
process equipment. Block valves in RV lines shall be installed with handwheel
stem in the horizontal.

8.0 LINE ISOLATION

All spading positions or other means of positive isolation, e.g. removable spool
pieces, which require access during routine operation, shall be provided with
permanent access.

Spectacle Blinds, Spacers and Blanks greater than 25 kg should be sited in


horizontal runs of pipe to ensure vertical lift.

9.0 INSTRUMENTS

For access requirements to instrumentation see Table II

Thermowell connections shall be installed as shown in Piping Standard Details


section 2.1.

Level instruments shall be installed as shown in Piping Standard Details section


2.5.

Control valves up to and including 8" shall have a minimum rating of 300# in
process services and match the pipe class (i.e. minimum 150#) in utility services.
For sizes greater than 8", the flange pressure rating shall be the same as the pipe
class. See table 9.1 for list of utility systems.

System No. Service


041 Hot water
052
053
Plant water
Fresh water A
054 Glycol storage drains
058 Amine storage drains
062 Diesel
063 Instrument & Plant air
064 Nitrogen
067 Irrigation water
071 Fire water
072 Foam
101 Sanitation, sewage and sewage treatment

Table 9.1
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Orifice flanges may be placed in either horizontal or vertical runs of pipe, but in the
case of vertical runs the direction of flow permissible is down for wet gases and up
for liquids containing vapour. The minimum rating for orifice flanges is 300#, but
the rating of the orifice taps shall be as per the line class. Orifice plates in ring type
joint specs require orifice carriers.

The minimum straight lengths for orifice meter runs expressed in nominal pipe
diameter D, shall be in accordance with the unbracketed figures for a beta ratio of
0.7 (see table V). Where these figures are not reasonably practicable the actual
beta ratio and/or the bracketed values may be applied, but all such cases must
have the written acceptance of the Instrument Engineer.

10.0 COMPRESSORS

Interstage and discharge piping shall be sufficiently flexible to allow expansion due
to the heat of compression.

The suction line between a knockout drum and the compressor shall be as short
as practicable, without pockets, and fall towards the knockout drum, unless noted
otherwise on P & ID's.

11.0 PUMPS

Pump suction piping shall be as short and as direct as possible, avoiding high
points where pockets of vapour can accumulate. If the suction nozzle is smaller
than connecting piping, an eccentric reducer installed top flat shall be used. If the
discharge nozzle differs in size to the discharge line, a concentric reducer shall be
used.

A minimum length of straight pipe from the last elbow to the suction nozzle (which
shall not include any strainer or stop-flow valve) shall be as follows:

Vertical, close coupled pumps - 11/2 pipe diameters when the elbow is in the
same plane as the pump shaft.
- 4 pipe diameters when the elbow is in a plane at
right angles to the pump shaft.

Single suction pumps, - 3 pipe diameters,


end-suction type

Single suction pump, a) if the suction nozzle is on the top of the pump
top-top connections casing

- 11/2 pipe diameters when the elbow is in the


same plane as the pump shaft.
- 4 pipe diameters when the elbow is in a plane at
right angles to the pump shaft.

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b) if the suction nozzle is a long radius elbow


connected to the pump end cover

- 11/2 pipe diameters when the elbow is in the


same plane as the pump shaft and suction
nozzle.
- 4 pipe diameters when the elbow is in a plane at
right angles to the suction nozzle.

Double suction pumps - 3 pipe diameters when elbows are installed at


right angles to the pump shaft.
- 5 to 10 pipe diameters may be required when
elbows are installed in any other plane. The
avoidance of unequal flow at the impeller eye
requires investigation with this arrangement;
therefore the Machinery Engineers approval
should be sought.

In order to avoid a fire hazard, lubricating oil, control oil and seal oil lines shall not
be routed in the vicinity of hot process and hot utility lines.

12.0 PRESSURE VESSEL PIPING

Piping to columns should drop or rise immediately after the nozzle and close to the
column. For ease of support a number of lines can be routed together, parallel in
one plane.

Piping to and from separators shall interfere as little as possible with the working of
the separator. The following constraints should be observed:

• The uses of valves or reducers within ten pipe diameters of the inlet nozzle are
not permitted, unless noted otherwise on the P&IDs.

• If bends cannot be avoided within ten pipe diameters of the inlet nozzle, the
bend must be in the vertical plane through the axis of the inlet nozzle.

13.0 NOZZLE PROJECTIONS

Vessel Shell and Skirts: -


The minimum nozzle projection for nozzles in vessel shells and from vertical
vessel skirts shall be determined using the Nozzle Standout program, located in A

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Top Head: -
Nozzle projections in the top head of vertical vessels will be determined by the
Planning group and clearances checked by Vessel Mechanical prior to (IFC)
drawings. Preliminary Issued drawings shall have top head nozzle projections
determined as follows: -

If the top head does not have a platform the nozzle projection shall be obtained
by using: -
NP = ID/4 + TH + VIT + NOZZLE STANDOUT for 2:1 elliptical head
NP = IRH + TH + VIT + NOZZLE STANDOUT for hemispherical head

NOZZLE
STANDOUT* f NOZZLE STANDOUT
0_
(TABLE B) T. I (TABLE A)
A
TAN. LINE

NP = Nozzle projection IRH = Inside radius of hemispherical head


TH = Thickness of head VIT = Vessel insulation thickness
NOTE: Tables A and B are found in the Nozzle Standout program.

If the top head does have a platform the nozzle projection must be manually
calculated using: -
H = ID/4 + TH + VIT + BD + 50mm for 2:1 elliptical head
H = IRH + TH + VIT + BD + 50mm for hemispherical head
Plus the nozzle projection dimension above the top head platform as shown in
table 13.1

•_ PLATFORM ELEVATION
_
INSULATION ON
"COLD" CLIPS ONLY
n PIT

,,-1
PJLj .
VIT

IRH

TANJJNJ

:
H = Tan. LinetoTOS IRH Inside radius of hemispherical head
TH = Thickness of Head VIT Vessel insulation thickness
BD = Beam Depth (assume 180mm)
Fig 13.1
Top Head Platform Elevation for
Vertical Vessel with Hemispherical Head
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Flange Rating Projection above steel *


Class 150 180
Class 300 180
Class 600 230
Class 900 305

* Dimension is from top of platform steel (bottom of grating) to the face of


flange.
Table 13.1
Platform Nozzle Projections

End Heads: -
Nozzle projections in end heads of horizontal vessels shall be determined in the
same manner as for top heads.

Bottom Heads: -
Nozzle projections in the bottom head of vertical vessels, with leg or lug supports,
shall be determined the same as for vessel shells but substituting the shell THK
with the head THK.

Nozzle elevations in the bottom Head of vertical vessels with skirts shall be
determined by the Planning group and clearances checked by Vessel Mechanical
prior to IFC drawings. Preliminary Issued drawings shall have bottom head nozzle
projections determined to the centreline of flange from the bottom Tan Line as
follows:

BTM TL ELEV - (Inside Depth of Head + Head THK + Insulation THK + 1.5
nominal nozzle size + 75mm)

The distance from the base plate to the (BOP) bottom of pipe should be no less
than 915mm if the skirt height allows.

14.0 UNDERGROUND PIPING

General
The minimum depth of cover for buried piping shall be: -

HPPE/MPPE
• In areas inaccessible to heavy traffic minimum cover to be 0.6m
• In areas accessible to heavy traffic and at road crossings minimum cover to
be 1.0m

Carbon Steel
• In areas inaccessible to heavy traffic minimum cover to be 0.3m
• In areas accessible to heavy traffic and at road crossings minimum cover to
be 0.6m

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Where the minimum depth of cover at road crossings can not be achieved a pipe
sleeve shall be used.

Whenever it is necessary or desirable to locate an underground header


immediately adjacent to a concrete footing, the foundation loads on the soil shall
be assumed to spread at an angle of 45 degrees down and away from the lower
edge of the foundation. All pipes must be located outside and above the angle of
repose.

D
a GRADE
t A \VV>VC\\
A » , A

45° ANGLE OF REPOSE

Isolation joints shall be used at all aboveground underground interfaces.

Carbon steel piping shall be coated and wrapped to 150mm above local grade

Flanged underground aboveground interfaces shall terminate 300mm above local


grade.

ISOLATION JOINT 11

300
GRADE 150 v

E • •o* COATED & WRAPPED

The following underground piping systems are required: -

• Sanitary Sewer
• Water (Potable and Fire)
• Glycol and Amine Drain

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Sanitary Sewer

The sewer network shall comprise of a localised gravity feed system consisting of
direct buried High Performance Polyethylene (HPPE) pipes and impermeable
reinforced concrete manholes. This network shall feed into a sump from where it
will be pumped, via a direct buried HPPE pipe, to a wastewater treatment plant.

Sewer piping should have a minimum fall of: -

• 1:80 for a 4" line size.


• 1:120 for a 6" line size.

The maximum distance between manholes shall be 45m

Interface points between piping and building services are located 1m outside
buildings.

Manholes shall be placed in sewer mains at changes of direction and at all major
junctions.

Water

Potable water and Firewater (Krechba only) systems will comprise of direct buried
HPPE or MPPE pipe. The firewater ring main will be laid out in conjunction with the
P & ID's and Fire Fighting Equipment / Life Saving Appliance Layouts.

Fire hydrants shall be located alongside accessways and roadways. Any portion of
plant shall be accessible from adjacent hydrants by a 30m length of 70mm
diameter hose. Hydrants shall be positioned so as to permit equipment to be
reached from at least two opposite directions.

Monitors shall be located to provide adequate coverage on target areas based on


their spray patterns.

Glvcol and Amine Drain

The glycol and amine drain will each comprise a closed gravity system direct
buried carbon steel pipe running to a collection sump.

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15.0 REFERENCES

1. BP Recommended Practice 'Plant Layout', Document No. RP 44-7 dated


February 1996.

2. BP Recommended Practice 'Piping Systems', Document No. RP 42-1 dated


December 1996.

3. BP Recommended Practice 'Civil Engineering', Document No. RP 4-3 dated


December 1995.

4. BP Recommended Practice 'Drainage Systems', Document No. RP 4-1


dated November 1994.

5. Fire Protection Philosophy, Document No. 6683-UUOO-B-XXXP-OOO-0012


RevD.

6. Civil Engineering Reference Manual 4.1.34 dated 09 October 1992.

7. Layout Philosophy, Document No. 6683-UBOO-B-LDTP-000-0001 Rev A

8. Piping Support Specification, Document No. 6683-UUOO-B-LSSG-000-0002


RevB.

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TABLE I
ACCESS WALKWAYS, PLATFORMS, LADDERS AND MAINTENANCE
(MINIMUM DIMENSIONS, EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE NOTED)

ITEM DESCRIPTIONS DIMENSIONS


1a Headroom height over platforms, walkways, passageways and 2100mm
working areas
1b Headroom height over stairs 2300 mm
2 Headroom height for projections over platforms, walkways, 2000 mm
passageways, and working areas
Access 3 Width of stairways (back to back of stringers) 800mm
Walkways 4 Width of landings (in direction of stairways) 1200mm
5 Width of walkways (at grade or elevated) (Note 10) 1000 mm
6 Maximum vertical rise of stairways (one flight) 4600 mm
7 Maximum horizontal distance from any point on platform to an 22500 mm
emergency escape
8 Maximum length of dead-end platforms in escape routes (Note 6000 mm
1)
9 Maximum variance in platform elevations without intermediate 300 mm
Platforms step
(Notes 2 & 3) 10 Minimum clearance width of platforms 750 mm
11 a Minimum clear platform width opposite manways 900 mm
Preferred centreline elevation of manhole above platform 900 mm
(Note 11)
12 Maximum vertical rise of operational ladders (single run) (Note 9)
Ladders 13 Maximum allowable slope of ladders from vertical 15°
(Notes 4,5,6 & 7) 14 Toe clearance from centreline of rung to obstruction 200mm
15 Clear climbing space for 90° pitch ladders (Note 8) 750 mm
16 Clear climbing space for 75° pitch ladders (Note 8) 900 mm

NOTES TO TABLE 1:

1. Dead-end platforms greater than 6000 mm long are prohibited where such
dead ends are in escape routes or where it may be reasonably anticipated that,
because of confusion arising from an emergency or panic situation, an
individual might select an escape path which would lead to such a dead end.

2. Toe plates shall be provided on the edges of all platform areas and around
platform openings, except at the platform entrance and exit location.

3. Standard handrailing shall be provided on open sides of all platform areas and
stairways.

4. Ladders shall generally be arranged for side exit; however, step-through


ladders with a maximum run of 2100mm are permitted.

5. Ladders that extend more than 2500 mm shall be provided with safety cages.
Safety cages shall start at a height of 2300 mm above grade or platform.

6. Self-closing gates and top rail hoops shall be provided across ladder openings
at all landings except for ladders located at or less than 2300 mm above grade.

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7. The clear climbing space required for ladders that deviate in pitch between 75C
and 90°, shall vary inversely with the pitch between the limits shown for items
15 and 16 of Table 1 (see note 8).

8. Clear climbing space is defined as the climbing area clearance for caged
ladders and shall be provided throughout the length of the ladder.

9. Preferably 6000 mm but shall not exceed 9000 mm.

10. The minimum width for walkways and platforms within plot limits shall be
1000mm. Where pedestrian traffic from two or more routes converge specific
attention should be given to increasing the minimum width to 1200mm.

11. Minimum and maximum elevations are 600mm and 1500mm.

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TABLE II
ACCESS PROVIDED TO EQUIPMENT

ACCESS ITEM OF EQUIPMENT


PROVIDED
Permanent 1 Check valves - all sizes (at vessels)
Ladder 2 Gate and globe valves - NPS 3 and smaller (at vessels)
3 Gauge glasses and trycocks
4 Handholes
5 Pressure instruments on vessels
6 Temperature instruments on vessels (see item 29)
7 Level controls between 2150 mm and 3600 mm above grade
8 Furnace observation doors between 2150 mm and 3600 mm above grade
Platform 9 Control valves - all sizes
(Items located 10 Heat exchanger units
over 11 Manholes
12 Process blinds
13 Relief valves (vertical vessels) NPS 4 inlet and larger
14 Cleaner out points
15 Furnace soot blowers
16 Furnace burners when inaccessible form grade
17 Furnace observation doors *
18 Furnace sample ports *
Platforms 19 Gate and Globe valves - NPS 4 and larger (at vessels)
(Items located 20 Motor operated valves
at edge of 21 Relief valves (vertical vessels) inlet size NPS 3 smaller
platform) 22 Relief valves (horizontal vessels) all sizes
23 Level controllers *
24 Sampling devices on vessels *
25 Groups of valves at battery limits in elevated pipe racks
No permanent 26 Nozzles on vessels
Access 27 Block valves in yard banks
28 Metal temperature measuring points on vessels A
29 Temperature and pressure points on piping /B\
30 Orifices in lower yard banks
31 Check valves not at vessels
32 Silencers
33 Exhaust heads
Temporary 34 Furnace header boxes containing removable plugs
Platform
Supports

NOTES TO TABLE II:


1. All plant instruments, their measuring elements, such as orifice plates and
thermocouples, and their process connections as well as sampling points for
taking laboratory samples should be safe and accessible. To attain this, they
shall be located not more than 0.5m horizontally away from and not more than
1.7m vertically above grade, ladder, platform or walkway.

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TABLE III
LOSS PREVENTION/SAFETY CLEARANCES
(MINIMUM DIMENSIONS, EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE NOTED)

ITEM DESCRIPTIONS DIMENSIONS


1 Distance of platform below the top of any stack continuously 3600 mm
operating vent in any other than steam or air service (Notes 1 & 2) See FIG. 1
2 Distance of platform or flat roof below the outlet piping from 3600 mm
generalised relief and safety vents operating in other than steam see Fig. 2
or air service ( Notes 1,3,4 & 5)
3 Height of air intake stacks for buildings (Note 6) The greater of: 9000 mm
a. Distance above grade
b. Distance above the vertical extent of the hazardous area 1500mm
4 Horizontal distance of sewer box and sump vents from furnace 15000mm
walls
5 Distance of top of sewer box and sump vents above grade or 3000 mm
adjacent operating level (Note 7)
6 Horizontal distance of sewer box and sump vents from platforms 4600 mm
7 Distance separating fired process heaters (furnaces and open 7600 mm
flame equipment) (Note 8):
a. Where there is potential for a pool fire (liquid combustible in
Safety tubes and/or liquid fuel) and no measures are taken to prevent
Clearances the pool fire from contacting the adjacent furnace.
b. Where there is no potential for a pool fire; or where firewall As required for
and/or drainage prevents pool fire from contacting an adjacent maintenance etc.
furnace.
8 Distance from fired process heaters (furnace and open flame 7600 mm
equipment) to equipment containing flammable fluid:
a. where fluid is above its auto ignition temperature
b. where fluid is below its auto ignition temperature and its 7600 mm
vapour pressure is less than (103.4 Pa)
a. where fluid is below its auto ignition temperature and its 15000 mm
vapour pressure is greater than (103.4 Pa)
9 Distance from fired process heaters (furnaces and open flame 7600 mm
equipment) to equipment containing flammable gases:
a. where the density ratio (p ambient air/ p gas at 1ATM) is
greater than 1.5
b. where the density ratio is less than or equal to 1.5 15000 mm

10 Distance from fired process heaters (furnaces and open flame 15000 mm
equipment) to switch gear room, control rooms, compressor
houses, and critical remote valves

NOTES TO TABLE III:

1. Only restricted access platforms are permitted within the allowed plume
dispersion area shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2. Restricted access platforms
are defined as those which prevent personnel from entering the allowed plume
dispersion area while the plant is operating but may be used for maintenance
or servicing during turn arounds.

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

2. Within a horizontal 21500 mm radius from the outside edge of the stack.
Platforms allowing unrestricted access located outside of this radius shall be at
least 3600mm below a line extending upward 45° from the horizontal (projected
top of the stack) at the end of the 21500 mm radius.

3. Within a horizontal 20 x Do radius (1500 mm min., 10700 mm max) from the


outside edge of pressurised relief or vent outlet piping. Platforms or flat roofs
allowing unrestricted access located outside of this radius shall be at least
3600 min below a line extending upwards 45° from the horizontal (projected top
of the vent) at the end of the determined horizontal radius.

4. Figure 2 is applicable for generalised vents only. Where there is concern for
safety, toxicity, or fire radiant flux, specialised calculations shall be performed
to determine the horizontal radius distance from the vent.

5. The discharge of steam, air or similar non-flammable vapours from relief


valves, safety valves, and continuously operating vents, shall be located to
prevent hazard to personnel.

6. Control houses and switch rooms shall generally be considered to be in a safe


area if located 15 000 mm or more from the nearest source of flammable
hazard. When not located in a safe area, they shall be of pressurised design
with the air intake stack located in a safe area or height.

7. Sumps or sewer boxes under or adjacent to yard racks shall have vents run to
a safe place above the yard and be in compliance with Item 6 of Table III.

8. Distances from furnace to equipment shall be measured from the outside of the
nearest of the furnace walls to the nearest part of the equipment considered.

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

TABLE IV (NOTE 4)
ELEVATIONS (including grout)

UNPAVED PAVED
ITEM (NOTES 1&2) BUILDINGS
AREAS AREAS
ENCLOSED OPEN SIDED
Grade, Floors &
Paving
High Point 1 100000 100000 As required As required
Low Point 2 As As required As required As required

Column Piers (note 5) Bottom of baseplate 3 100150 100150 100150 100150


Centrifugal Pump
Bottom of baseplate 4 100150 100150 100300 100300
(note 5)
Stair and ladder pads
Top 5 100025 100025
(note 5)
Bottom 6
Tanks (note 5) Bottom 7 100300 100300 100300 100300
Vertical vessels and
Bottom of base rings
special Equipment 8 100150 100150 100300 100300
Or support legs
(note 5)
Tops of spread footings, mats pile caps, and
9 99700 99700
Tie Beams (except at yard column)
Tops of yard column footings and their tie
beams
10 99700 99700
Furnace Floors
(bottom of floor plate)
Wall or roof fired 11 101070 101070
Floor Fired -
Operated access 12 102440 102440
Required under floor
Floor Fired -
Operated access not 13 101220 101220
Required under floor
Blowers, reciprocating pumps (note 3)
Compressors - Horizontal & Vertical
14 As required As required As required As required
Flush with
Pipe trenches and pits Top of cover 15 100075 paving Flush with floor Flush with floor
Flush with Flush with floor Flush with floor
Sewer boxes Top of cover 16 100075 paving

NOTES TO TABLE IV:

1. All elevations shall be referred to the JK elevation 100000mm which shall


correspond to a site elevation above mean sea level of:

Reg: +629.7m
Teg: +631.5m
Krechba: +464.2m A
HassiR'Mel +777.1m HOLD /B\

2. All concrete support levels shown for equipment and structural items, except
stairs and ladders, shall include an allowance for at least 25mm of grout.

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

3. Small size pumps such a proportioning, injection, and other small gear pumps
may have bottom of baseplates located at elevation 100450mm. If
advantageous, small pumps may be grouped and mounted on a common
block.

4a. Individual foundations shall be lowered to clear passing lines when


unavoidable.

4b. Leads from drain hubs shall be cast in the foundations when required.

4c. Except for columns and piers, footings and pile caps, which do not project
more than 300mm beyond the perimeter of the item supported, shall extend to
the point of support.

5 Elevations for these items can be adjusted to above local paving elevations.

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Q.
PIPING DESIGN SPEC

NOTES TO TABLE V:
1. S = d/D, in which d = diameter of orifice or throat
D = actual diameter of pipe or duct
2. All upstream and downstream straight lengths are expressed in nominal pipe
Diameter D and are measured from the flange facing of the measuring element,
Except when pipe tapings are used.
3. Also for a Tee, if flow is from one branch only.
4. If less than 10 D apart.
5. With gradual change in diameter, preferably not exceeding 30°.
6. Also applicable to reducers and expanders not complying with Note 5.
7. For rectangular Venturi tubes D = W.H and d + w.h.
In which W and H are width and height of duct,
And w and h are width and height of throat, respectively.
8. Values shown apply to Pitot tubes and Pitot-Venturi tubes located at the pipe
centre lines; when located at the point of calculated mean axial velocity the
straight lengths shall be twice the values shown.

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

45 RESTRICTED ACCESS
PLATFORMS ONLY
'////, ALLOWED PLUME <,
3600
mm.^DISPERSION AREA^ (SEE NOTE 1. TABLE III)

36flB

X 3600 Ml
TOP Of STACK
PLATFORMS (NATURAL/ATMOSPHERIC DISBURSE)

21 see ••
UNRESTRICTED ACCESS
ALLOWED IN THIS AREA i

GRADE

FIGURE 1

PLATFORM LOCATION LIMITATIONS FOR STACKS

45 o RESTRICTED ACCESS

ALLOWED PLUME ||f OEE NOTE i. TABLE m>


3600 M
AREA^
FLAT ROOF
3600 M

3600 M
TOP OF OUTLET PIPING
PLATFORMS
(PRESSURIZED DISCHARGE)

(28 X 00)1 I MINIHUH: 1900 M


UNRESTRICTED ACCESS MAXIMUM; 10 7M M
ALLOWED IN THIS AREA
DO • MOM. DIAMETER OF OUTLET

GRADE

FIGURE 2

PLATFORM LOCATION LIMITATIONS


FOR RELIEF AND VENT OUTLET PIPING
(PRESSURIZED SYSTEMS)

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

ATTACHMENT I

MINIMUM CENTRE-TO-CENTRE DISTANCES BETWEEN PIPES IN


MANIFOLDS AND BETWEEN HAND WHEELS OF VALVES

600 mm - 24 (100) D0
1070 IA 00
500 mm - 20" (100) (100)
1070 1070
450 mm-18" (95) (95) (100)
980 980 900
400 mm-16" (90) (90) (90) (100)
930 930 850 810
350 mm-14" (45) (45) (80) (80) (95) B
870 870 820 775 775
300 mm-12" (25) (25) (60) (60) (75) (95)
830 830 780 735 735 735
250 mm-10" (25) (25) (40) (40) (55) (75) (90)
790 790 715 675 675 675 650
200 mm - 8" (25) (25) (35) (40) (55) (55) (65) (85)
735 735 660 620 620 600 570 535
150 mm-6" (25) (25) (45) (50) (50) (50) (65) (65) (85)
700 700 635 595 580 560 535 480 465
100 mm-4" (15) (15) (25) (30) (30) (30) (40) (45) (50) (50)
660 660 585 545 530 510 480 430 400 370
80 mm - 3" (25) (30) (30) (30) (40) (45) (50) (50)
505 495 475 435 390 360 335 300
50 mm - 2" (25) (30) (30) (30) (40) (45) (50) (50)
465 450 410 355 330 305 275 250
40 mm-1.5" (25) (30) (30) (30) (40) (45) (50) (50)
445 410 355 320 300 270 250 250
Nominal 600 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 80 50 40
Pipe size 24" 20" 18" 16" 14" 12" 10" 8" 6" 4" 3" 2" 1.5"
D0 970 970 800 710 680 640 560 450 380 320 250 200 200

NOTES
1. Dimension B is based on ANSI flange class 300.
2. Hand wheel dia. D is an average dimension for ANSI class 300 gate valves.
3. Where possible valves shall be staggered and dimension B decreased.
4. Hand wheel diameters D shall be checked to ensure minimum clearances A.
5. Effects of insulation, expansion and contraction have not been taken into
account.

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

ATTACHMENT II

MINIMUM CENTRE-TO-CENTRE DISTANCES BETWEEN PIPES IN PIPE TRACKS, TRENCHES


AND PIPE BRIDGES

0
d, d2 D

^uJI D, - 0 2
0 30
A + 75 B -30 C d

"See note 1 See note 2


NOTES:
1. Flange diameter D based on largest pipe size.
2. Flanges to be staggered wherever possible.
If staggered, use dimension B. *n o
3. Dimensions A, B, C, x and y to be rounded off to the -^ * 100 x - — *30
± ~
nearest 5 or Omm.
4. Effects of insulation, expansion and contraction have not
been taken into account.

Nominal Outside Outside dia. D, Dl & D2 of flange, mm


Pipe size Dia. Pipe
Dl & c!2 mm
ANSI flange class B16.5
DN (inch) 150 300 600 900 1500 2500
50 (2) 60.3 152 165 216 235
80 (3) 88.9 191 210 241 267 305
100 (4) 114.3 229 254 273 292 311 356
150 (6) 168.3 279 318 356 381 394 483
200 (8) 219.1 343 381 419 470 483 550
250 (10) 273.0 406 445 510 545 585 675
300 (12) 323.9 483 520 560 610 675 760
350 (14) 355.6 535 585 605 640 750
400 (16) 406.4 595 650 685 705 825
450 (18) 457.2 635 710 745 785 915
500 (20) 508.0 700 775 815 855 985
600 (24) 609.6 815 915 940 1040 1170
MSS Flange Class SP-44
750 (30) 762.0 985 1092 1130 1232
900 (36) 914.4 1170 1270 1315 1461

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PIPING DESIGN SPEC

ATTACHMENT III

ERGONOMIC SPECIFICATION FOR VALVE LAY-OUT

300 200

Sagittal handwheel
Optimum
Maximum attainable moment: Acceptable
\ \ -r 1050 160 N x handwheel diameter
5
5
0 The centre of the handwheel should fall within the hatched area

300
750

777777T777//

300 200
Frontal handwheel
I I 1 1 1 1 1 1 H - H Optimum
Maximum attainable moment: Y////)( Acceptable
-r 1050 175 N x handwheel diameter
5
5 The centre of the handwheel should fall within the hatched area
0
300

K-,
77/7//777///>

Horizontal handwheel I l l l l l l l l l l Optimum


300 200
Maximum attainable moment: V////1 Acceptable
300
250 N x handwheel diameter
100
The centre of the handwheel should fall within the hatched area.
Rotation of the valve about the x-x axis is only permitted if the
handwheel falls within the hatched area.
— —T-HMlP W001100
200 600

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,f j. v
f
'*^j

KBR

JGG In Salah Gas Keliogg Brown & Root


*ttlMtulfenCemwn

IN SALAH GAS PROJECT

ENGINEERING PROCUREMENT & CONSTRUCTION PHASE

TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS

LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

APPENDIX 1

Appendix to Piping Design Specification - UUOO-B-LDSG-000-0001 Rev. B

A IFQ D. Moon J. Berry

Rev. Date Reason for Prepared By Checked By Project Approval QA Approval


Issue

Document JGC/KBR Field/Pipe Issuing Discipline System Sequential No. French Rev.
Chain Project No line Site Company Doc Type No Translation
Reference Element
Area Code

J. Berry 6683

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

CONTENTS

FRONT PAGE AND DOCUMENT REVISION RECORD


CONTENTS

1.0 GENERAL 4
1.1 Scope 4

2.0 DESIGN 4
2.1 General 4

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

1.0 GENERAL

1.1 Scope

This Technical Standard shows the fabrication and shop assembly details of
safety ladders provided in structures for regular operational access/egress.
These details are intended to be issued to fabricators supplying these ladders
and to the field for use in installation.

2.0 DESIGN

2.1 General

2.1.1 The design drawings and data sheets specify the location, orientation, and
arrangement of ladders for regular operational use, special fabrication details,
and any changes to the requirements of this standard.

2.1.2 Single ladder runs for operational access shall not exceed 30 feet (9000 mm)
from grade to platform or from platform to platform.

2.1.3 All ladders, except those located at grade with runs less than 10 feet (3000 mm)
are caged.

2.1.4 For all ladders, access/egress points above grade shall be provided with a
vertical swing, self-closing safety gate that is attached to the handrail post.

2.1.5 Ladders complete with cages are to be fabricated and shop assembled by
welding.

2.1.6 Field connections for ladders are limited to mechanical engagement and field
bolting.

2.1.7 The sizes of components are as follows:

COMPONENT SIZE
Ladder Side Rail 2 1/2 in. x 3/8 in. (65 x 10 mm) Bar
Ladder Rung 3/4 in. (20 mm) Dia. Smooth Bar
Top and Bottom
3 in. x 1/4 in. (75 x 6 mm) Bar
Hoop
1 in. x 1 in. x 1/8 in. (25 x 25 x 3 mm)
Cage Vertical
Angle
Intermediate Hoops 2 in. x 1/4 in. (50 x 6 mm) Bar
Cage Vertical
1 in. x 1/8 in. (35 x 3 mm) Bar
Extensions

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

2.2 Details

STEP THROUGH
LADDER

LADDER
SUPPORT
NOTE 3 FULL HOOP

^PARTIAL
D / HOOP
o NOTE 6
GUIDE

UJ ONTINUOUS
I/I O
LU (/•> CAGE
O
O VERTICALS?
BOTTOM RUNG Q_
UJ
NOTE 2 LO o
LO
LLj

O
PLATFORM
LEVEL

o o LOCATE TO CLEAR
PLATFORM - NOTE 10
o Ci_
o •<
CJ
o CAGE ARRANGEMENT FOR
< ACCESS TO SPLIT
o
C LEVEL PLATFORMS
O UJ
Q_

•<

Q- O
Ld
CJ

MID GUIDE
NOTE
cc I
UJ
d LU NOTE 10
-<; o

<-3

-<
+

LU

cr>

Q-
FLARE
i/i
NOTE 7 DEL / 1
AT PLATF
Q
BOTTOM RUNG
NOTE 2 DEL / 2
AT GRADE

GRADE OR PLATFORM J

Refer to Notes and Details on following pages.

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

NOTES:

1. LADDER SHALL BE TOP HUNG AND BOTTOM GUIDED.


2. BOTTOM RUNGS SHALL BE POSITIONED WITHIN 12 IN. (300 mm) FROM PLATFORM
LEVEL OR 8 IN. (200 mm) FROM HIGH POINT OF GRADE.
3. LADDER ACCESS RUNGS FOR INTERMEDIATE PLATFORMS SHALL BE POSITIONED AT
SERVICED PLATFORM ELEVATION.
4. LADDER RUNS EXCEEDING 20 FT. (6000 mm) BETWEEN SUPPORTS/GUIDES SHALL
HAVE AN ADDITIONAL GUIDE MIDWAY BETWEEN THE TWO.
5. SIDE-STEP LADDERS SHALL EXTEND 4 RUNGS ABOVE PLATFORM SERVED.
6. CAGE VERTICAL MEMBERS START AND STOP AT PARTIAL OR FULL HOOP BANDS
ONLY. NO VERTICAL PROJECTIONS SHALL EXTEND BEYOND TERMINATING HOOPS OF
CAGES.
7. BOTTOM CAGES OF ALL LADDER RUNS SHALL BE FLARED.
8. HEADROOM AT BOTTOM OF CAGES AND ACCESS THROUGH CAGES AT PLATFORMS
SHALL BE 7 FT. 6 IN. (2300 mm).
9. CAGE HOOP SPACING SHALL BE 4 FT. (1200 mm) EXCEPT AS REQUIRED FOR
POSITIONING TO RECEIVE CAGE VERTICAL TERMINATIONS.
10. ALL CAGE HOOPS JUST BELOW ACCESS OPENINGS SHALL CLEAR ALL PLATFORM
STEEL 3 IN. (75 mm) MINIMUM TO 6 IN. (150 mm) MAXIMUM.

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

4 LADDER RUNGS

fc
(5 mm)
O
ID
r»n

TYP
(3 mm)

I'-4' MOO mm) RADIUS \'-2' ( 3 5 0 m m ) RADIUS


INSIDE OF HOOP ]NSIDE OF HOOP
NOTE:
DETAILS APPLY TO ALL 7 CAGE VERTICALS SPACED
CAGE SECTIONS UNLESS APPROXIMATELY 40° APART
OTHERWISE NOTED. ON OUTSIDE OF HOOP

FLARED CAGE REGULAR CAGE

SECTION SECTION /B

I'-3" '-3'
( 375 mm) (375 mm

EDGE OF
PLATFORM
EDGE OF
PLATFORM

SAFETY GATE

SAFETY GA
NOTEi
SWING AS SHOWN PARTIAL PARTIAL HOOP
UNLESS OTHERWISE HOOP
NOTED ON DESIGN TOP HOOP CONNECTION
DRAWINGS. V* " ( 18 mm) DIA HOLE FOR
%' (Ml6) DIA BOLT

PARTIAL CAGE HOOP ARRANGEMENT AT AN


INTERMEDIATE SIDE STEP PARTIAL CAGE HOOP ARRANGEMENT AT
LADDER PLATFORM TOP OF SIDE-STEP LADDER PLATFORM
SECTION C SECTION D

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

o
1
( 190mm) MIN.
9" (225 mm) MAX.

EDGE OF
PLATFORM
g
fO

o
I I

I
o

RUNG CLEARANCES FOR


C2
UNAVOIDABLE OBSTRUCTIONS

.AFETY GATE I'-3' I'-3"


in ( 375 mm) ! ( 375 mm)
r— — oo i EDGE OF
%' (18 mm) DIA HOLE FOR
%" (MI6) DIA BOLT ( TYP) i "i OBSTRUCTION
I-B I

LADDER
CAGE HOOP ARRANGEMENT AT TOP
m
OF STEP-THROUGH LADDER OJ I

SECTION E . L I !

FOR UNCAGED LADDERS

MINIMUM LADDER CLEARANCES

-"4' ( 18 mm) DIA HOLES IN


i— BOLT HOLES IN LADDER LUG SUPPORTING MEMBER AND
AND SUPPORTING MEMBERS "/t " WIDE X 2' LONG
(NUTS SHALL BE HAND TIGHTENED
AND BOLT THREADS BURRED IN FIELD.) "/K ' ( 18 mm) DIA HOLES IN LADDER (18 mn WIDE X 50mm LONG)
LUG AND SUPPORTING MEMBER FOR VERTICAL SLOTTED HOLES IN
-4'WIDE ( 100 mm) X /2' (12 mm) %' (MI6) DIA BOLTS LADDER LUG FOR %' (Ml 6)
LADDER GUIDE DIA BOLTS
LADDER RUNG
LADDER RUNG

•I mm)
tlr
i
ORIENTAT ON
U3 IT) LINE
_.L
i LINE

u-l
kn

'I I CM
1
( 6 mm)
1

,. LADDER RUNG
EDGE OF —L/U -
PLATFORM—»•
LADDER LUG LADDER SUPPORT LADDER GUIDE
FOR SUPPORTS AND GUIDES SHOWN BELOW FROM PLATFORM

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

"A " (18 mm) DIA HOLES IN SIDE RAILS


(NUTS SHALL BE HAND TIGHTENED
AND THREADS BURRED IN FIELD.)

L 4X3X '/4.X2 !/z" LG.


( L 100 X 75 X 6 X
65 mm LONG)
ILLV) TYP

UD

TOP OF PLATFORM

(45 mm) V45 mm)


I'-IO'A'
" ( 2 1 ram DIA HOLES - FABRICATOR SHALL
(565 mm)
PROVIDE %' DIA X 4' LONG ( 16 mm X 100 mm
IN STRUCTURES LONG) BOLTS. FIELD SHALL TACK WELD OR
FOOT OF LADDER GUIDE BOLT ANGLES TO STEEL PLATFORM (SEE NOTE I)

DETAIL

NOTE li FOR LADDERS LANDING ON CONCRETE DECKS FIELD SHALL PROVIDE


%"« X 4" ( 16 mm B X 100 mm) EXPANSION ANCHORS WITH WASHER

"/i" ( 1 8 m m ) DIA HOLES IN SIDE RAILS


(NUTS SHALL BE HAND TIGHTENED
AND THREADS BURRED IN FIELD. )

BENT PLATE 2"/2" X '/," X I'-I' LONG


(65 mm X 6 mm X 330 mm LONG) WITH
' X 7" LONG ( 18 ram XI75 ram LONG)
SLOTTED HOLE IN PLATE

1
ro
U3
rO

k ' TOP OF GRADE


mm)
(TYP) <VJ

(45mm) (45 mm)


%" ( 2 1 r a m D I A HOLES
(565 mm)
FDR 5/B" DIA X 4" LONG
AT GRADE ( 16 mm X 100 mm LONG)

FOOT OF LADDER GUIDE EXPANSION ANCHORS


( B Y FIELD)

DETAIL

I'-6" jfc" ( 5 mm)


c?
450 mm)
LADDER RUNG

8 ~ <_>
52 < 20 mm) DIA
b
DIA HOLE
(5mm)
-RUNG SPACING SHALL BE UNIFORM
FOR ANY CONTINUOUS LADDER RUN.

RUNG AND SIDE RAIL SPACING LADDER RUNG CONNECTION

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TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS LADDERS IN STRUCTURES

FURNISH (3) CAGE VERTICAL EXTENSIONS TO TOP FURNISH (3) CAGE VERTICAL
OF HANDRAIL WHEN DIMENSION FROM If. LADDER EXTENSIONS TO TOP OF HANDRAIL
RUNG TO BACK OF HANDRAIL IS LESS THAN 2' -6' ( 750 mm) WHEN DIMENSION FROM [ LADDER
4'-0' ( 1200 mm). (SEE DETAIL 3) SHOP WELD RUNG TO BACK OF HANDRAILS LESS
MINIMUM
TO BOTTOM HOOP AND LEAVE STRAIGHT LENGTH THAN Z'-O" (600mm). (SEE
t RUNGS DETAIL 3) SHOP WELD TO BOTTOM
(FOR SHIPPING) FOR FIELD BENDING
HOOP AND LEAVE STRAIGHT LENGTH
(FOR SHIPPING) FOR FIELD BENDING
RAILING
(TOP RAIL)

F <=> 'i LlJ


en
o
•a.
- l._ .4..-

IT)

ro

FIELD WELD ADDITIONAL VERTICAL


EXTENSIONS FOR CORNER CONDITION
I ^
y
RAILING
(TOP RAIL) (300 mm) ( 300 mm)

LADDER CAGE
ELEVATED PLATFORM
1/2 • X '/g" X 7' -0"
LONG (40 mm X 3 mm X
2100 nrm LONG)
VERTICALS EXTENSIONS

RUNGS

J._LA_DD_E_R_
t jf
VERTICAL
EXTENSIONS
l'/2" X '/g' j< 6' -6' LONG 6
3-1 X I/B ( 25 mm X 3 mm)
(40 mm X 3 mm X 2000 mm LONG! BARS EQUALLY SPACED
VERTICALS EXTENSIONS
FOR CORNER CONDITION %" (Ml6) DIA FIELD
BOLT TO RAILING
TOP OF RAILING
DETAIL 3 9
o

TOP OF
( 3 mm) PLATFORM,
i I

SECTION F

J:\2DCAD\Civil\cad_docs\std Page 10 of 10 Rev A


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JGG In Salah Gas Kellogg Brown & Root

IN SALAH GAS PROJECT

ENGINEERING PROCUREMENT & CONSTRUCTION PHASE

TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS

STAIRS AND HANDRAILING

APPENDIX 3

A IFQ D. Moon J. Berry

Rev. Date Reason for Issue Prepared By Checked By Project Approval QA Approval

Document JGC/KBR Field/Pipe Issuing Discipline System Sequential No. French Rev.
Chain Project No line Site Company Doc Type No Translation
Reference Element
Area Code

Custodian 6683

J:\2DCAD\Civil\cad_docs\std Page 1 of 7 Rev A


docs\Stairs&Handrailing_old.doc
MW Kellogg Limited Jan 01
TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS STAIRS AND HANDRAILING

CONTENTS

FRONT PAGE AND DOCUMENT REVISION RECORD


CONTENTS

1.0 SCOPE 3

J:\2DCAD\Civil\cad_docs\std Page 2 of 7 Rev A


docs\Stairs&Handrailing_old.doc
MW Kellogg Limited Jan 01
TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS STAIRS AND HANDRAILING

1.0 SCOPE

1.1 This standard covers typical fabrication details for stairs and handrailing.
These details are intended to be issued to fabricators supplying these items,
and to the field for use in installation.

1.2 Design drawings will give the orientation and location of the stairs, any
changes to fixed dimensions, and other details when required.

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J:\2DCAD\Civil\cad_docs\std Page 3 of 7 Rev A


docs\Stairs&Hand railing_old.doc
MW Kellogg Limited Jan 01
TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS STAIRS AND HANDRAILING

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J:\2DCAD\Civil\cad_docs\std Page 4 of 7 Rev A


docs\Stairs&Handrailing_old.doc
MW Kellogg Limited Jan 01
TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS STAIRS AND HANDRAILING

-TYP EXCEPT FOR POST


ADJACENT TO LADDER SIZES

TOP RAIL L2 '/2x 2 '/2x (60 x 60 x 6)


MID RAILS L2 / 2 x 2 !/2x (60 x 60 x B)
CD TOE PLATE PL& x 4 (PL 5 X 100)
SHOP POST L2 / 2 x 2 |/2x i 60 x 60 x 6)
CONN/ ft
(5 ram)
UNLESS OTHERWISE SHOWN, HOLES IN POST
SHALL BE '/s "« ( 18 mm) FOR 5/8'» <MI6)
Vs » ( 18 mm) X I 40 mm) LD
STRUCTURAL BOLTS. HOLES IN STRUCTURAL
SLOTTED HOLE IN TOE PLATE PARTS MAY BE '/* ' 9 ( 18 mm) OR % ' B ( 20 ram).

o NOTE
POSTS, TOP RAIL. MID RAIL AND TOE PLATE
TOE PL SHALL BE SHOP FABRICATED IN SECTIONS. THE
R POS
SIZE OF EACH SECTION SHALL BE THE MAXIMUM
*-~f. SIZE PRACTICAL FOR FABRICATION, SHIPPING,
AND ERECTION. ALL FIELD CONNECTIONS SHALL
BE BOLTED. TOP RAIL SHALL BE FIELD BOLTED
\ TOP OF FLOORING
OR CONCRETE DECK
TOGETHER TO ENSURE CONTINUITY AND
ALIGNMENT.

HANDRAILING DETAILS
EDGE OF OVERHEAD i—8'DEEP (200 mm) (MIN) CHANNEL
OBSTRUCTION SEE DWG FDR SIZE
DIMENSIONS
A y (75 mm) Y- 8 UNLESS OTHERWISE SHOWN ON DRAWINGS.
TOP OF FLOORING R- NOT LESS THAN 8' (200 iron), NOR
EFFECTIVE OR CONCRETE DECK MORE THAN 9' ( 225 mm)
o
TREAD NOSING1 TREAD T- NOT LESS THAN1 10' (250mm), NOR
,T,
2ft MIN. MORE THAN I I ( 275 mm)
(TO mm)
<£>
12 V
IN ANY FLIGHT OF STAIRS, R SHALL BE
r- LiJ mm) MAINTAINED CONSTANT EXCEPT THAT THE
o OCC
WIN- FIRST ASCENDING RISER MAY VARY NOT
CD
C3 '/V " »" Y MORE THAN %" (6 mm).
UJ ( 12 mm) 10
STAIR AND NOSING TREADS- 1' (25 mm) DEEP
TREAD
(MAX) RECTANGULAR TYPE WELDED STEEL GRATING
M l 111111 300 mm) WITH Hb 1 (5 mm! THICK BEARING BARS
LiJ TOE PL AND CHECKERED PLATE, NON-SKID NOSING.
°= THREADS SHALL BE SHOP ASSEMBLED TO
STRINGERS WITH %' DIA (MIO! STRUCTURAL
TOP OF FLOORING J BOLTS.
OR CONCRETE DECK
STAIR DETAILS
REMOVABLE SECTION
( 2 mm) (SHOP ASSEMBLED) 2 mm)
L 2 '/2x2 '/2x 'A ( L 60 x 60 x 6)

*T
O

CD

i ,^
c\j

( 3 5 mm)

" 8 ( I B mm) HOLES


FDR 5 / 8 '8 ( M I S ) BOLTS

REMOVABLE HANDRAIL DETAILS

J:\2DCAD\Civil\cad_docs\std Page 5 of 7 Rev A


docs\Stairs&Handrailing_old.doc
MW Kellogg Limited Jan 01
TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS STAIRS AND HANDRAILING

-rir -rtr

ft
( 5 mm)
TYP'
( 5 imn)
TYP <=> TOP OF
- STEEL
( 5 mm)
TYP
;
UJ \

Jk_
ft
( 5 mm)
( 5 mm)
BEAMS N1 (350 mm) AND UNDER BEAMS DEEPER THAN N1 (350mm)

HANDRAIL POST CONNECTIONS


HON-F]REPROOFED MEMBERS

- TOP OF'
- STEEL I ft
5 mm)
TYP TOP OF'
STEEL (5 mm)
TYP

-4-
«.•«• UJ

* .:*
JkN~^
ftL/ ^Li£
( 5 mm! ft
5 mm)
• *'

BEAMS IT ( 350 mm) AND UNDER BEAMS DEEPER THAN 14' (350 rrni)
HANDRAIL POST CONNECTIONS
FIREPRODFED MEMBERS

>i^
CNJ
\r
TOP OF
TOE PLATE
ro ITi
O
TOP OF
FLOORING
TOP OF
4 ' * STEEL
•ft
fc*.. THICKNESS L2 2 X 2
OF FLOORING (L60 X 60 X 6)
' (20 mm)
DIA HOLES FOR SECTION C
% (Ml6) DIA BOLT

Q_ PL '/41 X 3' SQ
(6mm X 75 mm)
ro

o
(40 mm)'
HANDRAIL ON TOP OF
v
L
SUMP & BASIN WALL £ 2- % ' ! 20 mm) DIA HOLES FOR
%' (Ml6) DIA BOLTS

HANDRAIL POST
CONNECTION TO CONCRETE DECK

J:\2DCAD\Civil\cad_docs\std Page 6 of 7 Rev A


docs\Stairs&Handrailing_old.doc
MW Kellogg Limited Jan 01
TYPICAL FABRICATION DETAILS STAIRS AND HANDRAILING

y 3'
(75 mm) (75 mm)

L
TYPE OF CONNECTION
TO SUIT BEAM
AT FOOT OF STAIRS AT TOP OF STAIRS

( 18 mm) DIA HOLES FOR


1
(MI6) DIA BOLTS
3'/T I"
m
CNJ
Vr (80 mm) (25 mm)

••i

L 2 /2X 2/2X '/4


(L 60 X 60 X 6)
HANDRAIL POST CONNECTION TO STAIRS MOMENT CONNECTION
STAIR CONNECTION DETAILS
CONNECTION TO STEEL

j' -10' ( 850 nun)


MIN
2" 2'-ff
3' (50 mm) (750 ram) (50 mm) kO

(75 mm) MIN


U3 CD

•^-4 I C\J i/"> in


•*/*•» —I csi

(SI
2- % ' (20 mm)
2 - %'
1
(20 mm) DIA HOLES FOR DIA HOLES FOR
(Ml6) DIA BOLTS yB" IMI6) DIA BOLTS
SEE NOTE I BELOW
2 mm)
AT TOP OF STAIRS
UJ
LO

cc
TOP OF FLOORING,
CONCRETE DECK OR PAD

NOTE 11
FABRICATOR SHALL PROVIDE %' (Ml6) DIA X 4' ( 100 mm)
LONG BOLTS AND WASHERS FOR FOOT AT STAIRS AT GRADE

AT FOOT OF STAIRS

STAIR CONNECTION DETAILS


CONNECTIONS TO CONCRETE

J:\2DCAD\Civil\cad_docs\std Page 7 of 7 Rev A


docs\Stairs&Handrailing_old.doc
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