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# MATH 251: Calculus 3, SET8 • For our second order, the straight line is to the left of

the curve.
SOLUTIONS [Belmonte, 2018] Z 9 Z √y
xy dx dy
0 y/3
Z 9 √
15 Multiple Integrals =
1 2 x= y
x y dy
0 2 x=y/3
Z 9
1 2 1 3
15.2 Double Integrals =
2
y − y dy
18
0
Over General Regions =
1 3 1 4 9
y − y


6 72 0
R 1 R ev √
1. [1008/6] Evaluate the integral 0 0 1 + ev dw dv. 729 729
= −
Z 1 Z ev √ 6  8 
1 + ev dw dv 4 3
0 0 = 729 −
Z 1 √ w=ev 24 24
= w 1 + ev dv 729 243

0 w=0 = = ≈ 30.38
Z 1 24 8
= (1 + ev )1/2 ev − 0 dv
0
= (1 + ev )3/2

3 0
2 3/2 4√
= (1 + e) − 2 ≈ 2.89
3 3

RR
2. [1008/14] Evaluate the integral D xy dA where D is enclosed
by the curves y = x2 and y = 3x. Show that you get the same
answer using either order of integration.
SET8, 1008/14: boundary curves
9

RR
3. [1008/20] Evaluate√ D xy dA where D is enclosed by the
y

3
quarter-circle y = 1 − x2 ,x ≥ 0, and the coordinate axes.
SET8, 1008/20

0
0 1 2 3
x
y

• For our first order, the straight line is above the curve. 0

Z 3 Z 3x 0 1
x
xy dy dx
0 x2 √
Z 3
1 y=3x Z 1Z 1−x2
= xy2 2 dx xy dy dx

0 2 y=x 0 0
Z 3 √
9 3 1 5 Z 1
1 2 y= 1−x2
= x − x dx = xy dx
2 2 0 2
0  y=0
9 4 1 6 3 Z 1
1
= x − x x 1 − x2 − 0 dx

8 12 0
=
0 2
729 729 1 1
Z
= − −0 = x − x3 dx
8  12  2 0
3 2 
1 1 2 1 4 1

= 729 − = x − x
24 24 2 2 4 0
729 243 1 1
= = ≈ 30.38 = − 0 = = 0.125
24 8 8 8

1
4. [1008/28] Find the volume of the solid bounded by the planes 6. [1009/42] Find the volume between the paraboloids
z = x, y = x, x + y = 2, and z = 0. Plot of 2D shadow region z = 2x2 + y2 and z = 8 − x2 − 2y2 and inside the cylinder
of integration is below, followed by volume computaion. x2 + y2 = 1.
SET8, 1008/28
2

1.5

1
y

0.5

0
0 0.5 1
x

Z 1 Z 2−x
V = x − 0 dy dx
0 x √
Z 1 y=2−x Z 1Z 1−x2
8 − x2 − 2y2 − 2x2 + y2 dy dx
 
= xy

dx V = √
0 y=x −1 − 1−x2
Z 1 √
Z Z 1 1−x2
= x (2 − x) − x2 dx = √ 8 − 3x2 − 3y2 dy dx
0 −1 − 1−x2
Z 1
Z 2π Z 1
= 2 x − x2 dx
8 − 3r2 r dr dθ

0 = Into the pond you go.

 0 0
1 2 1 3 1 1 Z 2π Z 1
= 2 x − x = ≈ 0.33 cm3
2 3 0 3 = 8r − 3r3 dr dθ 15.3: Polar coord intg!
0 0
Z 2π  
3 r=1
= 4r2 − r4 dθ
0 4 r=0
Z 2π
13 13
= dθ = π ≈ 20.42 cm3
0 4 2

## 5. [1009/36] Find the volume of the solid that is enclosed by the

parabolic cylinder y = x2 and the planes z = 3y and z = 2 + y.
Do this by subtracting two volumes.
SET8, 1009/36: 2D plot of integration region

R R π/4

y

## SET8, 1009/50: 2D plot of integration region

0

-1 0
x

1
Z 1Z 1 y= /4
V = 2 + y − 3y dy dx
−1 x2
Z 1  y=1 x=0
y

= 2y − y2 2 dx y = arctan(x) or x = tan(y)
−1 y=x
Z 1
1 − 2x2 − x4 dx

= 0
−1
Z 1
= 2 x4 − 2x2 + 1 dx via symmetry
0
  0 1
1 5 2 3 1 x
= 2 x − x +x
5 3 0  
  When we change the order of integration, for fixed y ∈ 0, π4
6 2 2 we see that x ranges between x = 0 and x = tan y.
= 2 − = (18 − 10)
5 3 15
Z π/4 Z tan y
16
= ≈ 1.07 cm3 f (x, y) dx dy
15 0 0

2
x4
R8R2
8. [1009/56] Evaluate the integral √
3 y e dx dy by reversing 10. [1010/70] Graph the solid bounded by the plane x + y + z = 1
0
the order of integration. and the paraboloid z = 4 − x2 − y2 and find its exact volume.
SET8, 1009/56: 2D plot of integration region

x = y 1/3 or y = x 3
4
y

x=2

0
y=0
0 2
x
After your swim in the pond, it’s time for a dip in the ocean:
time for offset polar coordinates! When the two surfaces
Z 2 Z x3
4
intersect, we have 1 − x − y = 4 − x2 − y2 . Complete the
ex dy dx 2 2
squares to obtain x − 12 + y − 12 = 72 , a circle with
0 0
center at 12 , 12 of radius 7/2. Here we go. . .
 p
Z 2 3
4 y=x
= ex y dx
y=0
0
Z 2 • Let x = 12 + r cos θ and y = 21 + r sin θ . Then the plane
= x4
e x3 − 0 dx is z1 = −r (cos θ + sin θ ) and the paraboloid is
0 z2 = 27 − r2 − r (cos θ + sin θ ). From the graph, the
1 x4 2 1  16 
paraboloid is above the plane. So z2 − z1 = 27 − r2
= e = e − 1 ≈ 2.22 × 106
4 0 4
Z 2π Z √7/2  
7 2
V = − r r dr dθ
0 0 2
  Z 2π  2 √
1 1 7 7/2
= − − r2 dθ
2 2 0 2 0
1 2π 49
Z
= − 0 − dθ
4 0 4
49
= π ≈ 19.24 cm3
8

## 9. [1009/62] Find the average value of f (x, y) = x sin y over the

region D enclosed by the curves y = 0, y = x2 , and x = 1.
Z 1 Z x2
I = x sin y dy dx
0 0
Z 1 y=x2
= (−x cos y) dx

0 y=0
Z 1
x − x cos x2 dx

=
0 
1 2 1 2
 1
= x − sin x
2 2

0
1
= (1 − sin 1)
2
Z 1 Z x2 Z 1
1 1 1
A = 1 dy dx = x2 dx = x3 =
0 0 0 3 0 3
I 3
fave = = (1 − sin 1) ≈ 0.24
A 2