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Boiling Critical

Refrigerant Formula temperature temperature Properties Applications

(oC) (oC)

Ammonia - An efficient refrigerant used

successfully in industrial applications through
Highly toxic. Careful consideration must be given
Ammonia NH3 -33 133 to any design or application.
Large industrial plants
Penetrating odor, soluble in water. harmless in
concentration up to 1/30%, non flammable,

R11 is a single chlorofluorocarbon or CFC

High chlorine content and Ozone Depletion
Potential - ODP1) = 1
Commercial plants with
R-11 CCl3F 8.9 198 High Global Warming Potential - GWP2) = 4000
centrifugal compressors.
The use and manufacture of R11 and similar
CFC refrigerants is now banned within the
European Union even for servicing.
Non flammable, non corrosive non toxic, stable

R-12 Small plants with

Little odor, colorless gas or liquid, non flammable, reciprocating compressors.
Dichlorodi- CCl2F2 -29.8 111.97 non corrosive of ordinary metals, stable Automotive, Medium
fluoromethane Temperature Refrigeration

R22 is a single hydrochlorofluorocarbon or HCFC

compound. Packaged air-conditioning
R-22 Low chlorine content and ozone depletion units where size of
potential, ODP = 0.05 equipment and economy are
Chlorodi- CHClF2 -40.8 96 Modest global warming potential GWP = 1700. important. Air Conditioning,
R22 can still be used in small heat pump
fluoromethane systems, but new systems can not be
Low and Medium
Temperature Refrigeration
manufactured for use in the EU after 2003. From
2010 only recycled or saved stocks of R22 can
be used. It will no longer be manufactured.
Little odor, colorless as gas or liquid, non toxic,
non irritating, non flammable, non corrosive,

R-134a R134a is a single hydrofluorocarbon or HFC

1,1,1,2- compound. Automotive replacement for

CH2FCF3 -26.1 25 No chlorine content, no ozone depletion R-12, Stationary A/C,
potential, ODP = 0 Medium Temp Refrigeration
fluoroethane Modest global warming potential GWP = 1300

R290 is pure propane, a hydrocarbon and

R-290 efficient naturally occurring refrigerant with similar
properties to R22
No ozone depletion potential, ODP =
Propane C3H8 or CH3CH2CH3 -42.1 96.7 0 Extremely low global warming potential GWP =
Environmentally safe but highly flammable. Used
only after careful consideration to safety.

R407C is a ternary blend of hydrofluorocarbon or

HFC compounds.
23% of R32, 25% of R125 and 52% of R134a.
R-407C -43.8 86.05 No chlorine content, no ozone depletion potential,
ODP = 0
Global warming potential GWP = 1610

R410A is a binary blend of hydrofluorocarbon or

HFC compounds
50% of R32 and 50% of R125
R-410A -51.6 70.17 No chlorine content, no ozone depletion potential.
ODP = 0
Global warming potential GWP = 1725

R417A is the zero ODP replacement for R22

R-417A -41.2 89.89 Suitable for new equipment and as a drop-in
replacement for existing systems.
Offers aprox. 20% more
CCl2F2 (73,8%)
R-500 CH3 CH F2 (26.2%) -33 102.15 Similar to R12 refrigeration capacity than
R12 for same compressor.

F2 (48,8%)
R-502 CCl -45.6 90.1 Non flammable, non toxic, non corrosive, stable Capacity comparable to R22.

CF3 (51.2%)