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A Module United Nation position paper written about Climate Change for the delegation of

Sierra Leone, Africa. This paper addresses issues that climate change has exacerbated in
African nations in detail.

Ever since the Cold War, climate change has been a continuous threat to global security. It not
only threatens nation’s domestic affairs, creates global tension and exacerbates health problems;
it also put the world’s future in jeopardy. Scientists have determined that a number of human
activities are contributing to global warming by adding excessive amounts of greenhouse gases
to the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide accumulate in the atmosphere
and trap heat that normally would exit into outer space. UN has issued protocols, to the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, such as the Kyoto Protocol to encourage
global environment health. Still, greenhouse gas emission rise an astonishing 38% from 1992, a
pace which the earth would not be able to contain for long. Developing countries have accused
developed nations for being hypocrites for regulating emissions when they already contributed a
fair share of green house. However, the time is different now. Developing nations should learn
from the Developed nation’s past mistakes because the future is not just the developed nation’s,
it’s everyone’s.

Climate change had great effects upon Sierra Leone as a country. In the last couple of years,
Sierra Leone’s dry season had changed from six month per year down to three month per year.
This drastic change had provided many critical issues for the government of Sierra Leone. The
prolonged humid season had made Sierra Leone a perfect nest spot for many pests including
mosquitoes of which made malaria a nation wide epidemic. During the dry seasons, increasing
amount of sand storm from inner Africa, due to large amount of dry sand, had increased the
levels of asthma related health problems. The Government of Sierra Leone simply do not have
enough funding to provide the need health care for the people.

Furthermore, climate change is currently threatening the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
set by United Nations to reduce extreme poverty, reduce child mortality rates, fight disease
epidemics such as AIDS, and develop a global partnership for development by 2015. These
developments are crucial to the survival of Sierra Leone. So the delegation of Sierra Leone would
like to propose an immediate regulation on greenhouse gas emission per nation. Also, African
nations such as Sierra Leone need immediate capital for protection against harsh climate and
rising natural disasters.