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INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA

I3002_Rev4.doc 1
****

INSTALLATION
2
SERVICE MANUAL I3004_Rev2.doc

Code: I3000_Rev15.doc

ACCEPTANCE
I3006.doc - Rev. 2
3

REPLACEMENT
I3008_Rev7.doc
4

ADJUSTMENTS
I3010_Rev5.doc
5

FAULT FINDING
I3012_Rev1.doc
6

PRACTIX 33 plus SERVICE INFORMATION


I3014_Rev4.doc
7
Type: 9890 010 81801
Valid from s/n°: P5-253

PARTS LIST
I3016_Rev9.doc
8

SCHEMATIC DRAWINGS
I3018_Rev4.doc
9

WIRING DIAGRAMS
I3020_Rev1.doc
10

Manual order n° 4512 984 06962


PRACTIX 33 plus (02.2)

11
PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File:I3002_Rev3.doc]


PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

PLANNING DATA

TEXT: DRAWINGS:

1.1. Product Information.................. 1 Mechanical Dimensions......................... 6

1.2. Compatibility............................. 2 Earthing diagram.................................... 7

1.3. Mechanical Data....................... 2 Main Line Connection Diagram.............. 8

1.4. Environmental Data.................. 2 Table - monobl. connection diagram...... 9

1.5. Electrical Data........................... 3 Hand-switch connection diagram........... 10

1.6. Tools......................................... 4

1.7. Traceable Items........................ 4

1.8. Preparation............................... 5

1.9. Planned maintenance............... 5

1.1. PRODUCT INFORMATION

PRACTIX 33 plus is a microprocessor controlled portable x-ray device.


The programming has been designed and realized by the manufacturer and can not be modified
by the user.
The identification of the program release on the unit is shown on the display once the unit is
switched on. PRACTIX 33 plus R.XX.YY
In case of software modification only and therefore interchangeable, only the number YY will be
updated.
On the contrary, in case of modification of both of the software and hardware that, consequently
becomes no longer interchangeable with the previous releases, the number XX will be updated
and the number YY will be reset.

The High Voltage circuit is integrated in the monobloc with stationary anode tube, which is
controlled by a H.F system with 8 Khz. max. working frequency.

The system can be connected to a normal 115/230 Vac 16A power supply line.

The system is designed in full compliance with the international standards, as indicated in the
USER’S manual.

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PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

1.1.1 Applications

Radiography

1.1.2 Options

The unit in its basic configuration is predisposed to be supplied by 115 - 230 V 50 - 60 Hz


Voltages.
Proceed with the selection of the voltage, as described in the chapter INSTALLATION, paragraph
2.2.1. in function of the supply network of the destination country.

Besides the current one, an additional cassette holder may be required, which can contain 4
cassettes (max. 35 X 43 mm.).

The Purchase code is: TX code 52469 - 12NC 4512 535 39231 – 9890 010 80311

1.2. COMPATIBILITY

The system is supplied in the standard configuration and can not be developed on the field.
No external accessory may be interfaced with PRACTIX 33 PLUS

1.3. MECHANICAL DATA

To check out the mechanical data and the measures of the different operational conditions please
refer to the drawing on page 6.

1.3.1 Transportation Data

Weight (Kg) Dimensions (cm.)


Net Gross Length Width Height

150 200 1510 855 1540

1.4. ENVIROMENTAL DATA

The system fully complies with the PMS UXW 13600 standard.

1.4.1 Climatic Conditions

For the climatic conditions related to the use, the transportation and the warehousing, the following
data are effective:

· Environmental Temperature 10°C...40°C / -25°C...70°C


· Relative Humidity 20%...80% / 5%...95%
· Atmospheric Pressure 700 hPa...1000hPa

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PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

1.5. ELECTRICAL DATA

1.5.1 Power data and main conditions

Power data:

Nominal power 3 ... 4 KW


Mains voltage 1 X 115 / 230 V ± 10 %
Mains frequency 50 ... 60 Hz

Max mains current


· at 115 / 230 V 0,7 A in stand-by
· at 115 V 34 A in X-ray
· at 230 V 25 A in X-ray

Fuse protection 16 A

Mains resistance
· at 115 V £ 350 mW
· at 230 V £ 550 mW

Unit supply 115V / 230 V

Max output power


· at 115 V 1.5 kW
· at 230 V 3.3 kW

1.5.2 Operating data

Tube current
· at 115 V 13 ... 37mA
· at 230 V 30 ... 75 mA

Tube voltage 40 ...110 kV in 1 kV steps

mAs product
· at 115 V 0.2 ... 200
· at 230 V 0.2 ... 250

Exposure time
· at 115 V 5 ms ... 7.5 s
· at 230 V 2.6 ms ... 5 s

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PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

1.5.3 X-ray tube assembly

Heat sorage capacity 500 kJ 665kHu


Total filter value ³ 2.7 mm Al equivalent at 100 kV
Precaution against exceeding the
limit temperature Thermal safety switch 57°C ± 3°C

****
1.5.4 X-ray tube

Type Fixed anode tube


Anode material and anode angle Tungsten / 16°
Rated voltage 110 kV
Nominal focal spot value 1.5 mm
Nominal power input of anode 3.3 kW at 100 kV
Heat storage capacity 28 kJ / 40kHu
Radiation field with 1 meter SID 43 x 43 cm
****

1.5.5 Tube housing

Continuos heat dissipation 80 W


Max. housing temperature 50°C

1.5.6 Light beam diaphragm

Rotation -90°/-180°/-270°/+45°
Filter value 0.27 mm Al equivalent at 100 kV
Leakage radiation data Timer switch
for light-beam lamp 1 mSv/h at a distance of 1 m from the focal spot
Timer-switch for light-beam lamp 30 s
Light-beam lamp 12 V / 100W Halogen ³ 100 lux

1.6. TOOLS

In addition to the tools supplied to the service staff, some special tools are required, in order to
perform some particular adjustments.
Refer to the chapter SERVICE INFORMATION of this manual.

1.7. TRACEABLE ITEMS

The system is composed by three main groups:


· Mobile Medical X-ray System;
· Tank unit;
· Light beam diaphragm;

These three groups can be detected and traced using the serial numbers sticked on the unit when
shipped.

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PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

1.8. PREPARATION

No particular connection of the unit has to be made on field.


The unit is shipped ready for use.
Refer to the chapter INSTALLATION of this manual

1.8.1 Cables

Here below are listed all the different types of cables which are utilized in the equipment.

Description Type TX code 12 NC

- Power Supply Connection 3x2.5 mmq 04783 4512 535 37191


- Table - Monobloc connection Multi-poles shiel. compound 05266B 4512 535 39223
- Monobloc - Collimator connection 3x1 mmq 05376 4512 535 48071
- Hand - switch connection 4x0.22 mmq coiled 04777 4512 535 37131
- Boards Interface connection flat cable 34 poles 04773 4512 535 37101
- Display keyboard connection flat cable 14 poles 04782 4512 535 37181

1.9 PLANNED MAINTENANCE

For a correct functioning, the unit has to be submitted to a planned maintenance.


Such a procedure will ensure a continuous safety in time for both operators and patients.
For this PLANNED MAINTENANCE, see PMS responsible.

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File:I3002_Rev3.doc] Page 5/10


PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

Unit’s mechanical dimensions. (Pict.1)

Pict.1

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PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

Wiring diagram. (Pict.2)

Pict.2

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PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

Main Line connection diagram. (Pict.3)

Pict.3

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PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

Table - monobloc connection diagram. (Pict.4)

Pict.4

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File:I3002_Rev3.doc] Page 9/10


PRACTIX 33 plus - INTRODUCTION AND TECHNICAL DATA - 1

Hand - switch connection diagram. (Pict.5)

Pict.5

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PRACTIX 33 plus INSTALLATION - 2

INSTALLATION - 2

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File: I3004_Rev2.doc]


PRACTIX 33 plus INSTALLATION - 2

INDEX

2.1 UNIT’S DISASSEMBLY............................................................................................................ 2

2.2 SETTING TO WORK ............................................................................................................... 3


2.2.1 POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGES SELECTION...................................................................... 3
2.2.2 KEYBOARD FUNCTIONALITY TEST ................................................................................ 5
2.2.3 SELECTION OF LANGUAGE............................................................................................. 5
2.2.4 DATA MANUAL SET .......................................................................................................... 6
2.2.5 X-RAY TUBE FORMING .................................................................................................... 7

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File: I3004_Rev2.doc] Pag 1/7


PRACTIX 33 plus INSTALLATION - 2

2.1 UNIT’S DISASSEMBLY

2.1.1 Crate dimensions: Length = 1510mm Net Weight = 150Kg


Width = 855mm Gross Weight = 200Kg
Height = 1540mm

2.1.2 Proceed to disassembly PRACTIX 33 plus as indicated here below and in Pict. 1

· Cut the 2 tapes of the external packing ( pos.1)


· Take out the 6 nails from the base (pos.2)
· Take off the cardboard cover (pos.3)
· Uncage the chute and lower it (pos.4)
· Cut the tape that holds the arm (pos.5)
· Remove the polystyrene where the collimator is laid (pos.6)
· Take out the 3 metallic fixing flasks of the unit from the basement (pos.7)
· Release the hand-brake (pos. 8)
· Carefully get off the unit from the basement using the chute (see pos. 4)

Pict.1

2.1.3 The packing includes:

N° Description OEM code PMS code


1 PRACTIX 33 plus **** 9890 010 81801
1 Operators Manual
1 Service instruction
1 Certificate of compliance for x-ray tube head
1 Extension card 1E 64/64 01524 4512 535 39001
1 Touch kit paints 62428 4512 535 39211
Grigio SF8758
Rosa SF 8582
Mush room SF6998

Set spare parts composed by: 62429 4512 535 39241

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File: I3004_Rev2.doc] Pag 2/7


PRACTIX 33 plus INSTALLATION - 2

N° Description OEM code PMS code


3 Fuse 5x20mm T 315mA 11287 4512 535 37291
5 Fuse 5x20mm T 500mA 11288 4512 535 37301
5 Fuse 5x20mm T 1A 11289 4512 535 37311
3 Fuse 5x20mm T 2,5A 11291 4512 535 37321
5 Fuse 5x20mm T 4A 11292 4512 535 37331
3 Fuse 5x20mm T 10A 11150 4512 535 37271
2 Fuse 5x20mm T 20A 11295 4512 535 37341
10 Card plastic plate Mod TEHCBS-6N 11557 4512 590 22721
1 Halogen Lamp 12V 100W 11449 4512 535 38731
Mod.Philips 7023 FCR A1/215

2.2 SETTING TO WORK

2.2.1 POWER SUPPLY VOLTAGES SELECTION

PRACTIX 33 plus can be supplied with main voltage of both 230V or 115V.
Before plugging, check out that:

· The plug MUST ABSOLUTELY BE EQUIPPED WITH THE GROUND CONNECTION

· Since the unit is delivered already predisposed for 230V power supply, check that there are not
different voltage values.
With 115Vac voltages, after removing the front cover, as shown in the chapter
REPLACEMENT of this manual, proceed as indicated here below .
See also drawing at page 4 (Pict.2).

2.2.1.1 115 Vac Voltage

Auto-transformer TR1: Connect the VTC1 wire to the CT1- 6 clamp

Service Transformer TR2: Connect the VTC2 wire to the TR2- 4 clamp

Dip switch B3-SW1-1:Switch over OFF position

2.2.1.2 230 Vac Voltage

Auto-transformer TR1: Connect the VTC1 wire to the CT1- 7 clamp

Service Transformer TR2: Connect the VTC2 wire to the TR2- 5 clamp

Dip switch B3-SW1-1:Switch over ON position

2.2.1.3 Mains Voltage < or > than 10% compared to the nominal voltage.

When the voltage supplied by the local equipment is constantly lower or higher than 10 %
compared to the nominal one, it is possible to compensate for this difference acting on the
Transformers’ plugs located on the unit.

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File: I3004_Rev2.doc] Pag 3/7


PRACTIX 33 plus INSTALLATION - 2

Nominal Voltage - 10%: Auto-transformer TR1, CT1- 5 (+10V)


Services Transformer TR2, TR2- 3 (+10V)

Nominal Voltage + 10%: Auto-transformer TR1, CT1- 3 (-10V)


Services Transformer TR2, TR2- 1 (-10V)

Once completed the phase of predisposition of power supply voltage, plug in, the green led
must switch on.

Pict.2

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File: I3004_Rev2.doc] Pag 4/7


PRACTIX 33 plus INSTALLATION - 2

2.2.2 KEYBOARD FUNCTIONALITY TEST

2.2.2.1 Press button to switch on the unit.

The display shall appear as follows.

PRACTIX 33 plus R.XX.YY


kV mAs

At the same time all the keyboard’s leds are activated and the acoustic signal is on
for nearly 2 sec.

The complete test lasts nearly 4 sec..

2.2.3 SELECTION OF LANGUAGE

The messages can be displayed in two different languages, ENGLISH or FRENCH.


To select the language desired, proceed as follows:

ENGLISH: 1) switch off the unit

2) press together the two switches

3) switch on again the unit with switch keeping pressed the two switches of point 2

XXX XXX READY


kV mAs

FRENCH: 1) switch off the unit

2) press together the two switches

3) switch on again the unit with switch keeping pressed the two switches of point 2

XXX XXX PRET


kV mAs

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File: I3004_Rev2.doc] Pag 5/7


PRACTIX 33 plus INSTALLATION - 2

2.2.4 DATA MANUAL SET

2.2.4.1 Using the push buttons check that the same are included between 40 and 110
During the setting phase, if the signal READY is not displayed check out if by releasing
the buttons the signal is not immediately displayed.

2.2.4.2 Using the push buttons check that they are included between:

· 0.2 and 250 with 230V power supply


· 0.2 and 200 with 115V power supply

The typical sign displayed is shown here below.

XXX XXX READY


kV mAs

In this condition even the green led is on.


Here below it is shown the keyboard topographic. (Pict.3).

Pict.3

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File: I3004_Rev2.doc] Pag 6/7


PRACTIX 33 plus INSTALLATION - 2

2.2.5 X-RAY TUBE FORMING

After a long period of stillness (3 months or more) it is necessary to perform the “X-RAY TUBE
FORMING ". Proceed as follows monitoring with an oscilloscope the forming phases. Connect the
probes on the Inverter Board B101 in the points:

CHANNEL A = kV - TEST POINT TP21 (+)


- TEST POINT TP28 (-)

CHANNEL B = mA - TEST POINT TP25 (+)


- TEST POINT TP28 (-)

WARNING: If, during the procedure anomalies are detected, it is necessary to interrupt it for at
least half an hour and start all over again.

A - SET 60 kV and 10 mAS

Power supply line 115V: Time RX = between 31s and 0.46s


Power supply line 230V: Time RX = between 0.17s and 0.23s

Perform 4 EXPOSURES with at least 1 MINUTE pause between them.

B - SET 70 kV and 10 mAS

Power supply line 115V: Time RX = between 0.43s and 0.58s


Power supply line 230V: Time RX = between 0.20s and 0.27s

Perform 4 EXPOSURES with at least 1 MINUTE pause between them.

C - SET 80 kV and 10 mAS

Power supply line 115V: Time RX = between 0.48s and 0.65s


Power supply line 230V: Time RX= between 0.21s and 0.28s

Perform 4 EXPOSURES with at least 1 MINUTE pause between them.

D - SET 90 kV and 10 mAS

Power supply line 115V: Time RX = between 0.51s and 0.69s


Power supply line 230V: Time RX = between 0.23s and 0.31s

Perform 4 EXPOSURES with at least 1 MINUTE pause between them.

E - SET 100 kV and 10 mAS

Power supply line 115V: Time RX = between 0.56s and 0.76s


Power supply line 230V: Time RX = between 0.25s and 0.34s

Perform 4 EXPOSURES with at least 1 MINUTE pause between them.

F - SET 110 kV and 10 mAS

Power supply line 115V: Time RX = between 0.65s and 0.88s


Power supply line 230V: Time RX = between 0.28s and 0.38s
Perform 4 EXPOSURES with at least 1 MINUTE pause between them.

SERVICE MANUAL (00.0) [File: I3004_Rev2.doc] Pag 7/7


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

ACCEPTANCE - 3

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File:I3006_Rev2.doc]


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

3 - ACCEPTANCE

3.1 PREFACE Pag. 2

3.2 TEST EQUIPMENT 2

3.3 SETUP 3

3.4 TEST 5

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 1/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

****
3.1 PREFACE

PRACTIX 33 plus is manufactured in compliance with the international rules applicable.

All the results of the tests are stated in the document "TEST REPORT".

The installation must be done accordingly with the informations contained in the chapter
"INSTALLATION".

In addition to what above described, also the operations stated in this chapter must be performed.

3.2 TEST EQUIPMENT

In order to test the unit in the acceptance phase the following tools are required:
· kVp time meter (es. MINI-X)
· Oscilloscope (storage) WITHOUT GROUND CONNECTION
· True r.m.s multimeter (es. FLUKE 87)
· mAs meter (es. PMS 2618 Philips)

See also chapter "SERVICE INFORMATION" paragraph 7.1 “List of the Main instruments”

In case mechanical adjustments were necessary, see also chapter "SERVICE INFORMATION"
paragraph 7.2 "Special tools".

NOTE: Do not start electrical tests if the unit has not been switched on continuously for at least
20 minutes.

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 2/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

3.3 SETUP

3.3.1 Place the instrument kV time meter at a distance of 50 cm from the tube focus.
3.3.2 Predispose the instrument for the measure (See also Pict.1).

Pict.1

3.3.3 Properly collimate the Rx rays on the instrument using the light field of the collimator.
3.3.4 If, during the Rx tets, indicated in 3.4.3 of RADIOLOGICAL PARAMETERS TESTS,the
data should not be the ones stated in the reference table, it is necessary to connect also
the other tests instruments, in order to monitor the Main data kV, mA mAs and the filament.
The test points for the instruments connection are shown here below along with the
topographic. (Pict. 2).

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 3/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

· Scope channel A = kV B101-TP21 (+)


B101-TP29 (-)

· Scope channel B = mA B101-TP25 (+)


B101-TP29 (-)

· mAs meter = mAs B101-CP4-1


B101-CP4-3

· True r.m.s multimeter = I.FIL B0-CP4-1


B0-CP4-2

Pict.2

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 4/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

3.4 TEST

3.4.1 Cables, housing and connectors visual tests


3.4.2 Line Voltage Tests
3.4.3 Radiological Parameters Tests
3.4.4 Light - collimator rays correspondance Tests
3.4.5 Mechanical Balancing Tests

3.4.1 Cables, housing and connectors visual tests.

3.4.1.1 Check that all the cables, fairleads and connectors are in a good condition and that they
are not damaged or broken.

3.4.2 Line Voltage Tests.

3.4.2.1 Switch on the unit.


3.4.2.2 Make the line voltage measurement and state the value in the table here below.
The voltage may vary between +/-10% compared with the nominal value.

Nominal Value 115V 50-60 hz Measured Value .........V


Main Resistance < / = 0,35m

Nominal Value 230V 50-60 hz Measured Value .........V


Main Resistance < / = 0,55 ohm

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 5/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

3.4.3 Radiological Parameters Tests.

3.4.3.1 Perform exposures according to what stated in the following table and check:
· The value of the kV read with the kV time meter e write it down in the relative table’s space.
· The exposure time indicated in the unit’s display and write it down in the relative table’s space.
· If the exposure times are included in the fixed tolerances, it means that the mA associated tp
the set kV value are correct and the value of mAs has been correclty integrated.
If it is not so, connect the instruments as indicated in the previous pictures and proceed as
indicated in the chapter "ADJUSTMENT" paragraph 5.3 "Filament set adjustment”.

MAIN SUPPLY 115V

Parameter Reference range Measured


value

50 47.5 ¸ 52.5 ............ kV


16 14.4 ¸ 117.6 ............ mAs
0.42 ¸ 0.57 ............ s

70 66.5 ¸ 73.5 ............ kV


10 9 ¸ 11 ............ mAs
0.43 ¸ 0.58 ............ s

90 85.5 ¸ 94.5 ............ kV


10 9 ¸ 11 ............ mAs
0.51 ¸ 0.69 ............ s

110 104.5 ¸ 115.5 ............ kV


8 7.2 ¸ 8.8 ............ mAs
0.51 ¸ 0.70 ............ s

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PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

MAIN SUPPLY 230V

Parameter Reference range Measured


value

50 47.5 ... 52.5 ............ kV


32 28.8 ... 35.2 ............ mAs
0.43 ... 0.58 ............ s

70 66.5 ... 73.5 ............ kV


25 22.5 ... 27.5 ............ mAs
0.50 ... 0.67 ............ s

90 85.5 ... 94.5 ............ kV


20 18 ... 22 ............ mAs
0.46 ... 0.63 ............ s

110 104.5 ... 115.5 ............ kV


16 14.4 ... 17.6 ............ mAs
0.45 ... 0.60 ............ s

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 7/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

3.4.4 Light-collimator rays correspondance Tests.

3.4.4.1 The collimator light may be activated from the front panel of the collimator itself.
The switching time is nearly 30 secs.
The switching off is automatic.

3.4.4.2 Place the system precisely using a 10 cm focal distance.


3.4.4.3 Collimate the luminous ray on the cassette.

(See picture 3)

Pict.3

3.4.4.4 Perform an exposure and check that the RX ray is correct, however within the tolerance
required by the law.
See chapter "ADJUSTEMENT" paragraph 5.9.2 "Light - Rays Adjustment".

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 8/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

3.4.5 Mechanical Balancing Tests.

3.4.5.1 Remove the unit from the parking position using the relative disconnection hook as shown
in picture.

Pict. 4

3.4.5.2 Check the correct balancing of the pantograph completed in all its operational conditions
as shown in the picture 5.

Pict. 5

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 9/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

3.4.5.3 Check the proper rotation and balancing of the monobloc group of -20° +105* with respect
to the longitudinal axis.
See pict. 6.

Pict. 6

3.4.5.4 Check the correct rotation of the monobloc group of +/-180° with respect to the horizontal
axis disconnecting the relative fixing brake.
Check the correct goniometer’s indication.
See Pict. 7.

Pict. 7

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 10/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - ACCEPTANCE - 3

3.4.5.5 Check that the handbrake is properly working.


See Pict. 8.

IN PARKING POSITION IN MOTION

Pict. 8

Check the correct rotation of the collimator -90°/-180°/-270° and +45° with respect to the
horizontal axis, as shown in picture 9.

Pict. 9

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3006_Rev2.doc] Pag. 11/11


PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

REPLACEMENT - 4

SERVICE MANUAL (00.1) [File: I3008_Rev7.doc]


PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

INDEX

4.1 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR COLLIMATOR REPLACEMENT......................................................................2

4.2 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR COLLIMATOR LAMP REPLACEMENT ..........................................................3

4.3 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR MONOBLOC REPLACEMENT ........................................................................4

4.4 ARM BALANCING ADJUSTMENT .....................................................................................................................6

4.5 ARM BALANCING CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT .....................................................................................................7

4.6 FORK-MONOBLOC CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT ...................................................................................................8

4.7 PARKING BRAKES ADJUSTMENT ...................................................................................................................9

4.8 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR PARKING BRAKES REPLACEMENT ...........................................................10

4.9 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR CONTROL TABLE REMOVAL ......................................................................12


4.9.1 UPPER COVER ...............................................................................................................................................12
4.9.2 MICROCOMPUTER ..........................................................................................................................................13
4.9.3 KEYBOARD ....................................................................................................................................................14
4.10 BALANCING CHAIN CONTROL.....................................................................................................................15

4.11 ON FIELD OPERATIONS INVERTER FUSE REPLACEMENT......................................................................16

4.12 UNIT PRODUCTION STATUS RELATED TO THE MONOBLOC-EPROM-INVERTER GROUP


MANAGEMENT .......................................................................................................................................................17

4.13 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR THE MONOBLOC OR EPROM REPLACEMENT .......................................18

4.14 UNIT PRODUCTION STATUS RELATED TO THE COLLIMATOR GROUP MANAGEMENT .....................20

4.15 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR THE COLLIMATOR GROUP REPLACEMENT ...........................................21

4.16 UNIT PRODUCTION STATUS RELATED TO THE B2 BOARD “mA control”.............................................23

4.17 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR THE B2 BOARD “mA control” REPLACEMENT. ......................................24

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.1 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR COLLIMATOR REPLACEMENT


(See pict.1)

Note: Please refer to the Chapter 4.14 to know the unit production status relating to the collimator
group replacement.

To dismantle the collimator:

a) Loosen the core hitch (A).


b) Dismantle the rear cover taking out the 2 screws (B).
c) Disconnect the mains cable.
d) Loosen the 4 collimator fixing screws (C).

This way the collimator is completely free and can be taken out.

To assemble the collimator proceed inversely:

a) Fix the collimator with the 4 screws (C).


b) Connect the mains cable.
c) Fix the rear cover with the 2 screws (B).
d) Clench the core hitch (A).
e) Perform a corresponding verification of light/x-ray beam, referring to the Chapt. 5.9.2
“LIGHT-X-RAY adjustment”.

Pict.1

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.2 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR COLLIMATOR LAMP REPLACEMENT


(See pict.2)

a) Loosen the core hitch (A) and dismantle the rear cover taking away the 2 screws (B).
b) Take away the lamp protecting cover unscrewing the 2 screws (D).
c) Take away the faulty lamp by pulling it following the arrow's direction.

Warning: - The lamp might be very hot.

- DO NOT TOUCH THE NEW LAMP WITH BARE FINGERS.

d) Insert the new lamp, pushing it till the end.


e) Assemble the lamp protecting cover, screwing the 2 screws (D).
f) Assemble the rear cover clenching the core hitch (A).

Pict.2

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.3 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR MONOBLOC REPLACEMENT


(See pict.3)

Note: Please refer to the Chapter 4.12 to know the unit production status relating to the monobloc
replacement.

a) Take out the collimator, disconnecting the mains cable first (see paragraph 4.1).

b) Take out the 4 rotating adapter (B) fixing screws (A)


This way both adapter and handle (C) will be taken out.

c) Dismantle the upper monobloc cover unscrewing the 2 screws (D).

d) Disconnect the mains cables from the monobloc.


The connection is performed through 2 clamps in jerks and there is no need to use any kind of tool,
except for grounding wire.

WARNING: Before dismantling the monobloc, it's necessary to move the arm to its blocking position,
and for more security, bind it to the front leg with a strong rope:
without the monobloc there will be, in the arm end, a force leading to the ceiling of nearly 300 N.

e) Take out the 4 plastic plugs (E), using a little screwdriver.

f) Take out the 4 monobloc fixing nuts (F).

Now the monobloc is completely free and can be taken out from the lower cover.

To assemble the new monobloc:

The arm must remain completely blocked down and binded safety to the front leg.

a) Place the monobloc in the lower cover and fix it by means of 4 nuts (F), with a washer and grower
(G).

b) Close with the 4 plugs (E).

Now it's possible to unlock the arm and lift it in order to work easily.

c) Connect the mains cables.

d) Install the upper cover and fix it with the 2 screws (D).

e) Mount the brake (C) and the adapter (B) then fix them with the 4 screws (A).

f) Perform the centering of the rotating adapter, referring to the Chapt. 5.9.1 “Alignment between X-
RAY beam and rotating adapter”.

g) Mount the collimator and connect the mains cable (see paragraph 4.1).

h) Perform a correspondence verification of light/x-ray beam, referring to the Chapt. 5.9.2 “LIGHT-X-
RAY adjustment”.

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

Pict.3

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4.4 ARM BALANCING ADJUSTMENT


(See pict.4)

The arm balancing spring is accessible from the central column bottom.
Its adjustment must be performed with a fixed spanner M19 (commercial tool).
The perfect weight balance must be obtained with the arm in horizontal position.

The procedure is the following:

a) Loosen completely the clutch (B) (see following paragraph 4.5).

b) Lift up the arm completely, the adjustment nut M19 (C) is accessible from the central column
bottom.

c) Using the fixed spanner M19, rotate the nut (C) as follows:
- Once clockwise to increase the adjustment balancing.
- Once anticlockwise to decrease it.

d) Adjust the clutch (B) (see following paragraph 4.5).

Pict. 4

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.5 ARM BALANCING CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT


(See pict.5)

The clutch is necessary to keep in position the arm supporting the tube, even though the weight
balance is not perfect on all the strokes.

Usually, the weight balance is performed with the arm in horizontal position, with the clutch completely
excluded. Afterwards the clutch is closed until the arm supporting the tube remains in position also on
in the stroke extremes, (completely up and down) and the movement is smooth and regular.

a) To loosen the clutch:


- Take out the plastic plug (A) that covers the clutch, using a little screwdriver.
- To loosen the clutch rotate anticlockwise the ring nut (B) with a pliers round spike (Commercial
tool).
- To grip the clutch rotate clockwise the ring nut (B).
- Once the adjustment is completed, place the plastic plug (A).

Pict. 5

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.6 FORK-MONOBLOC CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT


(See pict.6)

The clutch on the monobloc inclination movement must be adjusted, in order to obtain a smooth
movement and to keep the monobloc in the set position.

If the monobloc doesn't remain in the set position, the clutch must be slightly closed:

a) Take out the plastic plug (A) utilizing a little screwdriver.

b) Rotate anticlockwise the ring nut with a pliers round spike (commercial tool), in order to loosen the
clutch or clockwise to grip it.

c) Once the adjustment is done, place the plastic plug (A).

Pict.6

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.7 PARKING BRAKES ADJUSTMENT


(See pict.7)

If the braking system does not perfectly work, proceed as follows:

a) Put the brake pedal (A) in oblique position (free) and remove it un-gripping the screw (B).

b) Loosen the 4 screws (D) and remove the lower cover (C).

c) Adjust the rope tension through the nut (L) on the register (E) as follows:
- Clockwise to reduce the rope tension.
- Anti-clockwise to increase it.

d) Place the brake pedal (A) grip the screw (B) and check the proper braking functioning.

e) Once the adjustment is completed, un-grip the screw (B) and remove the brake pedal (A).

f) Place the lower cover (C) and grip the 4 screws (D).

g) Place the brake pedal (A) and grip the screw (B).

Pict. 7

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.8 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR PARKING BRAKES REPLACEMENT


(See pict.8)

If for normal wear the brakes linings are worn out or the control cables are broken, it is necessary to
proceed with the replacement, operating as follows:

a) Place the unit on stocks in order to lift the wheels from the ground.

b) Remove the brake pedal and the lower casing following points a) b) of the foregoing paragraph 4.7.

c) Unscrew the clamp screw (I) to free the rope (H).

d) Unscrew the nut (L) of register (E).

e) Remove the wheel (F) un-gripping the screw (G).

f) Remove the 2 Seeger (O), unthread the 2 linings (M) with the compression spring (P), the cable
fairlead curve (Q) and the cable (H).

g) Lean the whole group on a work shelf and unscrew the grain (N), remove the cable fairlead curve
(Q) and the cable (H).

h) Replace the cable (H) and the 2 linings (M).

To re-install the whole group, proceed as follows:

a) On the work shelf, assemble the 2 linings (M) with the compression spring (P), install the cable
fairlead curve (Q) with the housing, then block it with the nut (N) and finally thread the cable (H).

b) Install the whole group, threading the housing with the cable (H) inside the base, until the brake
control group is reached.

c) Install the 2 linings (M) in their respective pivots and block them with 2 Seegers (O).

d) Install the register (E) in its location and screw the nut (L).

e) Install the wheel (F) and grip the screw (G).

f) Thread the clamp (I) in the cable (H).

g) With pliers keep the cable-tensed (H), move the clamp (I) to its location and grip the screw.

h) Install the brake pedal following point g) of the foregoing paragraph 4.7.

i) Perform some tests concerning the proper functioning of the brake. For eventual adjustments follow
point c) of the foregoing paragraph 4.7.

l) When the brake system is efficient, follow points e) f) g) of the foregoing paragraph 4.7 to re-install
the lower casing.

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

Pict.8

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4.9 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR CONTROL TABLE REMOVAL


(See pict.9-10-11)

4.9.1 Upper cover


(See pict.10)

To take it away, proceed as follows:

a) Remove the cassette holder (A).

b) Unscrew the 2 screws (B) and the 4 screws (C).

c) Remove the cover (D).

Pict. 9

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.9.2 Microcomputer
(See pict.10)

To dismantle the microcomputer board, it is necessary disengage the flat-cable connectors that link it
to the bus board and to the keyboard, then and remove the 2 screws (E) fixing the Plexiglas support.

Pict. 10

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.9.3 Keyboard
(See pict.11)

To dismantle it it's enough to take out the 6 nuts (F) accessible from the inside of the unit.

Pict.11

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.10 BALANCING CHAIN CONTROL


(See pict.12)

The chain of the balancing spring has been dimensioned in order to avoid any possible break up. As to
the importance of its function of mobile arm support, it is better to check its wearing periodically.

For this purpose, proceed as follows:

a) Remove one of the covers (A) of the stand-mobile arm articulation, unscrewing the 2 screws (B)
which are accessible directly.

b) Perform a sight control of the chain (C) condition, which is in static conditions during some up and
down movements of the mobile arm.

c) Once the test finished, install again the cover (A) and grip the 2 screws (B).

Pict.12

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.11 ON FIELD OPERATIONS INVERTER FUSE REPLACEMENT


(See pict.13)

To replace the F1 fuse inside the inverter, it's necessary to proceed as follows:

a) Remove B1 and B2 boards from their slides, for an easier access to the inverter.

b) Unscrew the 2 screws (A) and remove the cover (B) on which the spare fuse is installed. This way
the access to fuse F1 (C) inside the inverter is obtained.

c) Unscrew the 2 fixing nuts of the fuse and unthread them along with their washers. Perform the
operation carefully in order to avoid the nuts or washers fall inside the inverter.

d) Remove the fuse and replace it with a new one.

e) Place the plug (B) and screwing the 2 screws (A).

Pict. 13

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4
****
4.12 UNIT PRODUCTION STATUS RELATED TO THE MONOBLOC-EPROM-INVERTER
GROUP MANAGEMENT

S/N° Monobloc EPROM 27C256 Inverter Group THF850

type: 110/80 M10-HF G. Comet 1,5mm Software: R.03.00 Inverter Group THF850
P4-613¸
OEM code 11675 OEM code 02518 OEM code 62418
832
PMS code 4512 535 39191 PMS code 4512 535 39741 PMS code 4512 535 39331
B101 Board Inverter Control
OEM code 01677
type: 110/80 M10-HF2 G. Comet 1,5mm Software: R.04.00 PMS code 4512 535 39781
OEM code 11820 OEM code 02520
PMS code 4512 535 48031 PMS code 4512 535 48021 Inverter Group THF850
P4-833¸ OEM code 62418A
1020 PMS code 4512 535 39332
B101 Board Inverter Board
OEM code 01677A
PMS code 4512 535 39782

type: MHF833 Comet 1,5mm Software: R.05.00 Inverter Group THF850 ¹


OEM code 11873 OEM code 02536 OEM code 62426
P4-1021¸ PMS code 4512 535 48111 PMS code 4512 535 48101 PMS code 4512 535 48141
1185 B101 Board Inverter Control ¹
OEM code 01694
PMS code 4512 535 48151

type: MHF833 Toshiba 1,5mm Software: R.05.00 Inverter Group THF850 ¹


OEM code 11873A OEM code 02536 OEM code 62426
P5-001¸ PMS code 4512 535 48112 PMS code 4512 535 48101 PMS code 4512 535 48141
current B101 Board Inverter Control ¹
OEM code 01694
PMS code 4512 535 48151

¹ Note: Because of managing reasons, from the unit S/N° P4-1021, codes of the complete Inverter and B101 Board “Inverter control” have
changed. The any difference between the two groups is the B101-R101 Resistance. The new version does not foresee it.

To adapt the units preceding the S/N° P4-1021 unit, it’s necessary to use the following MHF833 Monobloc Kit:
P4-613÷
1185 OEM code 00106A
PMS code 4512 535 48122

****

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4
****
4.13 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR THE MONOBLOC OR EPROM REPLACEMENT

S/N° Monobloc Replacement EPROM Replacement THF850 Inverter or B101


27C256 Board Replacement

If available, mount the same type of The Eprom R.03.00 has to be used Replace the faulty Inverter by the new
monobloc 110/80 M10-HF G. Comet OEM code 02518 one:
1,5mm. PMS code 4512 535 39741. Inverter Group THF850
OEM code 11675 OEM code 62418A
PMS code 4512 535 39191. N.B. PMS code 4512 535 39332
In this case no problem change has to On units with the old monobloc
be performed. type the Eprom R.04.00 can’t be In case only the B101 Board “Inverter
The Eprom, version on the unit has to used. Control” is damaged, replace it by the
be R.03.00. OEM code 11675 new one:
PMS code 4512 535 39191. OEM code 01677A
If not available, use the HF2 monobloc PMS code 4512 535 39782
kit. No other operation is required. For
P4-613 OEM code 00100 the replacement procedures, refer to For the replacement procedures, refer
¸832 PMS code 4512 535 48041 the Chapt. 4.9 Control Table to the Chapt. 4.9 Control Table
Composed by:
· New Monobloc HF2
· New Eprom R.04.00 to replace the
old one.
· Monobloc label to replace the old
one.

For the replacement procedures, refer


to Chapt. 4.3 Monobloc replacement
and 4.9 Control Table. For eventual
adjustments refer to Chapt.
ADJUSTMENTS – 5.

If available, mount the same type of The Eprom R.04.00 has to be used Replace the faulty Inverter by the new
monobloc 110/80 M10-HF2 G. Comet one:
1,5mm. OEM code 02520 Inverter Group THF850
OEM code 11820 PMS code 4512 535 48021 OEM code 62418A
PMS code 4512 535 48031 PMS code 4512 535 39332
In this case no Eprom change has to be N.B.
performed. The Eprom version on the On units with the HF2 monobloc In case only the B101 Board “Inverter
P4-833 unit has to be R.04.00. Control” is damaged, replace it by the
type the Eprom R.05.00 can’t be
¸1020 new one:
used.
For the replacement procedures, refer OEM code 11820 OEM code 01677A
to Chapt. 4.3 Monobloc replacement PMS code 4512 535 48031 PMS code 4512 535 39782
and 4.9 Control Table. For eventual
adjustments refer to Chapt. No other operation is required. For For the replacement procedures, refer
ADJUSTMENTS – 5. the replacement procedures, refer to to the Chapt. 4.9 Control Table
the Chapt. 4.9 Control Table

If available, mount the same type of The Eprom R.05.00 has to be used Replace the faulty Inverter by the
monobloc MHF833, Comet Insertion. OEM code 02536 new one:
OEM code 11873 PMS code 4512 535 48101 Inverter Group THF850
PMS code 4512 535 48111 OEM code 62426
Upon the ignition phase make sure that No other operation is required. For the PMS code 4512 535 48141
the Eprom version on the unit is R.05.00 replacement procedures, refer to the
P4-1021 Chapt. 4.9 Control Table In case only the B101 Board “Inverter
¸1185 For the replacement procedures, refer Control” is damaged, replace it by the
to Chapt. 4.3 Monobloc replacement new one:
and 4.9 Control Table. For eventual OEM code 01694
adjustments refer to Chapt. PMS code 4512 535 48151
ADJUSTMENTS – 5.
For the replacement procedures,
refer to the Chapt. 4.9 Control Table

(continue)

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

Only the monobloc has to be replaced, The Eprom R.05.00 has to be used Replace the faulty Inverter by the
because it’s the new version MHF833, OEM code 02536 new one:
Toshiba Insertion, already: PMS code 4512 535 48101 Inverter Group THF850
OEM code 11873A OEM code 62426
PMS code 4512 535 48112 No other operation is required. For the PMS code 4512 535 48141
Upon the ignition phase make sure that replacement procedures, refer to the
P5-001
the Eprom version on the unit is R.05.00 Chapt. 4.9 Control Table In case only the B101 Board “Inverter
¸current
Control” is damaged, replace it by the
For the replacement procedures, refer new one:
to Chapt. 4.3 Monobloc replacement OEM code 01694
and 4.9 Control Table. For eventual PMS code 4512 535 48151
adjustments refer to Chapt.
ADJUSTMENTS – 5. For the replacement procedures,
refer to the Chapt. 4.9 Control Table

On these units, shouldn’t the replacement by the same monobloc type be possible, use the new Monobloc MHF833
Kit, which substitutes the monobloc HF2 Kit.
OEM code 00106A
PMS code 4512 535 48122

P4-613÷ Composed by:


1185 · New Monobloc MHF833
· New Eprom R.05.00 to replace the old one
· Monobloc label to replace the old one
· Instructions for interventions to be performed on the B101 Board, indicated here below, for the new monobloc
use.

****

Inverter THF850 interchangeability for the new monobloc MHF833 use.

It is possible to interchange:

Old Inverter OEM code 62418A - PMS code 4512 535 39332
Old B101 Board OEM code 01677A - PMS code 4512 535 39782

by the new Inverter OEM code 62426 - PMS code 4512 535 48141
and new B101 Board OEM code 01694 - PMS code 4512 535 48151

By removing the R101 Resistance, see Pict. 14 and 15.

Remove
See Pict.15
R101

B101 Board
THF850 Inverter

Pict. 14 Pict. 15

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.14 UNIT PRODUCTION STATUS RELATED TO THE COLLIMATOR GROUP


MANAGEMENT

Cable for Collimator


S/N° Collimator Rotating Adapter
Lamp

R101 ±90° 85 cm long


P4-613¸903 OEM code 11452 OEM code 52599 OEM code 04784
PMS code 4512 535 37471 PMS code 4512 535 39701 PMS code 4512 535 37201

P102 +45° / -315° 140 cm long


P4-904¸ OEM code 11822 OEM code 53188 OEM code 05376
current PMS code 4512 535 48001 PMS code 4512 535 48011 PMS code 4512 535 48071

In order to adapt the previous units to the S/N° P4-904 unit, it’s necessary to use the
following Collimator Kit:
previous to
P4-904
OEM code 00104
PMS code 4512 535 48081

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.15 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR THE COLLIMATOR GROUP REPLACEMENT

S/N° Collimator Rotating Adapter Cable for Collimator


replacement replacement lamp replacement

type R101

- Disconnect and remove the Lamp - Disconnect and remove the - Disconnect and remove the
cable (A) from the Collimator 85 cm Lamp cable (A) from the faulty 85cm, long cable (A)
long. Collimator 85 cm long. (See picture 14)
(See picture 14) (See picture 14) OEM code 04784
- Remove the Collimator (B). - Remove the Collimator (B). PMS code 4512 535 37201
P1-613¸ - Remove the rotating Adapter (C) - Remove the rotating Adapter (C)
903
- Assemble the components of the - Assemble the components of the - Assemble and install again
P102 Collimator Kit P102 Collimator Kit the new 85 cm, long cable and
OEM code 00104 OEM code 00104 fix it as shown in Pict.15
PMS code 4512 535 48081 PMS code 4512 535 48081 OEM code 04784
Fix the cable as shown in Pict.15 Fix the cable as shown in Pict.15 PMS code 4512 535 37201

For replacements see Chapter 4.1 For replacements see Chapter 4.1 For replacements see Chapter
For verifications and eventual For verifications and eventual 4.1
adjustments see Chapter 5.9.1. adjustments see Chapter 5.9.1.

type P102

- Disconnect and remove the Lamp - Disconnect the Lamp cable (A) Disconnect e remove the
cable (A) from the Collimator (See from the Collimator (See picture faulty 140 cm long cable
picture 14). 14). (A).(See picture 14)
- Remove the faulty collimator (B) - Remove the Collimator (B) OEM code 05376
OEM code 11822 - Remove the faulty Rotating PMS code 4512 535 48071
PMS code 4512 535 48001 Adapter(C).
OEM code 53188
PMS code 4512 535 48011
P1-904¸
current -Install the new Collimator - Install the new Rotating Adapter Install and connect again the
OEM code 11822 OEM code 53188 new 140 cm long cable and fix
PMS code 4512 535 48001 PMS code 4512 535 48011 it as shown in Pict.15
- Connect again the lamp to the - Assemble again the Collimator. OEM code 05376
Collimator - Connect again the lamp cable to PMS code 4512 535 48071
Fix the cable as shown in Pict.15 the Collimator and fix it as shown
in Pict.15
No other operation is requested. No other operation is requested. No other operation is
requested.
For replacements see Chapter 4.1 For replacements see Chapter 4.1 For replacements see
For verifications and eventual For verifications and eventual Chapter 4.1
adjustments see Chapter 5.9.1. adjustments see Chapter 5.9.1.

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

Pict. 14

Pict. 15

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.16 UNIT PRODUCTION STATUS RELATED TO THE B2 BOARD “mA control”

S/N° B2 Board “mA check”

OEM code 01571 OEM code 01571A OEM code 01571B


P4-613¸ PMS code 4512 535 374021 PMS code 4512 535 37022 PMS code 4512 535 37023
1020

P4-1021¸ OEM code 01571C


current PMS code 4512 535 37024

In order to adapt the previous units to the S/N° P4-1021 unit, it’s necessary to use the following B2
“mA Control” Board Kit:
previous to
P4-1021 OEM code 00109
PMS code 4512 535 48161

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PRACTIX 33 plus - REPLACEMENT 4

4.17 ON FIELD OPERATIONS FOR THE B2 BOARD “mA control” REPLACEMENT.

S/N° B2 board “mA control”

To replace the board, it is necessary to utilize the B2 “mA control” board Kit
OEM code 00109
PMS code 4512 535 48161

NB: The new board has been developed to ensure the anodic mA correction in real time. On these
units, it will not be possible to utilize this function if the unit avails the following monoblocs:
Type: 110/80 M10-HF G. Comet 1,5mm
P4-613¸ Type: 110/80 M10-HF2 G. Comet 1,5mm
1020 To deactivate this function, set the JP5 jumper, present on the board, in C-B position.
Please refer to the information contained in the Kit, Chapt. 3.1 for the cover disassembling and to
Chapt. 3.2 for the B2 old board replacement by the new one

In case the unit avails of the new monobloc


Type: MHF833 Toshiba 1,5mm
The new compensation function of anodic mA can be activated by means of a connection between
clamp B0-CP5-9 of B0 “Interface Bus” board and B2-X1 connector of B2 “mA Control “ board, see
Pict.16. Check also that the JP5 jumper on the board has to be set in A-C position
For verification and eventual adjustment, refer to Chapt. ADJUSTMENTS-5.

For the cover disassembling refer to Chapt. 4.9.1. Replace the old B2 board by the new one.
OEM code 01571C
P4-1021¸ PMS code 4512 535 37024
current No other operation is required, as the unit already mounts the monobloc
Type: MHF833 Toshiba 1,5mm
For verification and eventual adjustment, refer to Chapt. ADJUSTMENTS-5.

B2-X1

B0-CP5-9

NB: connection to be performed only for units S/N° P4-613¸1020 with MHF833 monobloc
to activate the anodic mA correction in real time.

Pict. 16

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PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

ADJUSTMENTS - 5

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc]


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

INDEX

5.1 Filament current adjustment in stand - by ............................................................................ 2


5.2 Set kV adjustment................................................................................................................... 3
5.3 Filament set adjustment ......................................................................................................... 4
5.4 Real mA reading circuit adjustment ...................................................................................... 6
5.5 Real mA Adjustment ............................................................................................................... 7
5.6 RX max. time security adjustment......................................................................................... 9
5.7 Inverter circuits adjustment ................................................................................................. 11
5.8 Feedback kV - mA from monobloc ...................................................................................... 13
5.9 Collimator .............................................................................................................................. 14

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 1/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

****
5.1 Filament current adjustment in stand - by
Electrical drawing N°05273 of the service manual

Connect an amperometer AC with TRUE RMS reading between B0-CP4-1 and B0-CP4-2.
Switch on the unit, set B2-P7 until a current in the main circuit of the filament equal to 345 mA ±
10mA is obtained.
See also reference drawing shown at Pict. 1

Pict.1

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 2/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

****
5.2 Set kV adjustment
Electrical drawing N°05272 of the service manual

In order to SET the Voltage of kV setting, it is necessary to adjust:

· the voltage supplied by the electronic potentiometer B2-IC2,


· voltage-frequency converter B2-IC5.

The adjustment because easier following the test procedure supplied by the computer, therefore
proceeding as described here below. (See also Tab.1)

5.2.1 With the unit off, switch to “OFF” position the dip-switch B3-SW1-2 .
5.2.2 Connect a digital multimeter DC mode in B2-Tp7(+)[Set kV V=kV/20] and B2-AC32(-).
5.2.3 Switch on the unit that enters the test procedure:
5.2.4 Set the kV+ button on the keyboard, the kV+ SELECTION output is controlled in a
fixed way and set the max. SET kV value.
5.2.5 Adjust the potentiometer B2-P3 to get B2-Tp7 a voltage = 5,70 V.
5.2.6 Push the switch kV-, the kV- SELECTION is controlled in a fixed way and set the min.
SET kV value.
5.2.7 Adjust the potentiometer B2-P4 to get in B2-Tp7 a voltage = 1,80 V.
5.2.8 Repeat the operation of the previous 2 points till the voltage values are correct.
5.2.9 Push switch kV+ to set the max. SET kV value. Adjust B2-P1 till the Alphanumerical
display of the console indicates 113 kV (±2 kV) and a frequency of nearly 4560 Hz
(±20 Hz).
5.2.10 Push kV- switch to set the minimum SET kV, value and check that the display
indicates 38 kV (±2 kV) and a frequency of nearly 1540 Hz (±20 Hz).
5.2.11 Quit the test procedure taking back, with the unit off, to ON the dip-switch B3-SW1-2.
5.2.12 At last check that, for each kV value, the display indicates "READY" and that in B2-
Tp7 the voltage measured is ± 0.1 V as shown in Tab. 2 (Typical set kV separated
according to supply voltage)

Tab.1 - Typical adjustment data

Set Set kV Set kV Set kV Freq. Frequency kV


B3-SW1-2 adjustment B2-TP7 Adjustment Display Display
(Hz) (kV)

OFF B2-P3 5.70 B2-P1 4560 (±20 Hz) 113 (±2 kV)

OFF B2-P4 1.80 1540 (±20 Hz) 38 (±2 kV)

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 3/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

Tab.2 - Typical Set kV

Supply 115V and 230V

kV Set Keyboard Set kV B2-TP7


(kV) (V)
Toll. ±0.05V

40 2.00
50 2.50
60 3.00
70 3.50
80 4.00
90 4.50
100 5.00
110 5.50

****
5.3 Filament set adjustment
Electrical drawing N°05273 of the service manual

The adjustment of the filament current in the X- ray tube is made to match each set kV value with
the corresponding output mA value so that a constant supplied power is achieved.
During such regulation which determines the 2 system limits, the kV set must be done at two
extremes (40 and 100 kV).
The filament adjustment is differentiated between 115V and 230 V mains.

5.3.1 mA set with 115V mains


5.3.2 Filament set with 115V mains

5.3.3 mA set with 230V mains


5.3.4 Filament set with 230V mains

5.3.1 mA set with 115V mains


5.3.1.1 Press kV+ button and set 100kV.
5.3.1.2 Connect a digital multimeter between B2-TP11 (+) and B2-ac32 (-)
5.3.1.3 Adjust the potentiometer P11 until the 1.48V voltage is obtained.

5.3.2 Filament set with 115V mains


5.3.2.1 B2-P6; moves the whole curve towards to 0V
B2-P9; Adjust the slope of the curve (system gain)
5.3.2.2 Connect an amperometer AC TRUE RMS reading between B0-CP4-1 and B0-
CP4-2 (see also Pict. 1)
5.3.2.3 Connect a digital multimeter between B2-TP8 (+) [Filament Set] and B2-ac32 (-).

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 4/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

5.3.2.4 Adjust the potentiometer B2-P9 till the difference between the voltages measured
in B2-TP8 at 40 kV [SET FIL1] and at 100 kV [SET FIL2] is 0,66V (33mA).
5.3.2.5 Set 40 kV, adjust B2-P6 till a voltage of –9.5V (±0,1 V) is reached.
5.3.2.6 Set 100 kV and check that the measured voltage is –8.84V (±0,1 V)

See also table 3: typical calibration data at 115V

Tab. 3 - typical calibration data at 115 V

kV Set Set kV SET I. Fil I.Filament mA


Keyboard B2-TP7 B2-TP7 B0-CP4-1-2
(kV) (V) (V) (mA) (mA)

40 2.00 - 9,5 475 37.5


50 2.50 - 9,4 470 32
60 3.00 - 9,2 460 25
70 3.50 -9 450 20
80 4.00 - 8,94 447 18
90 4.50 - 8,88 444 16.5
100 5.00 -8,84 442 15
110 5.50 - 8,74 437 13

5.3.3 mA set with 230V mains


5.3.3.1 Press kV+ button and set 100kV.
5.3.3.2 Connect a digital multimeter between B2-TP11 (+) and B2-ac32 (-)
5.3.3.3 Adjust the potentiometer P10 until the 3.08V voltage is obtained.

5.3.4 Filament set with 230V mains


5.3.4.1 B2-P5; moves the whole curve towards 0V
B2-P8; Adjusts the slope of the curve (system gain)
5.3.4.2 Connect an amperometer AC with TRUE RMS reading between B0-CP4-1 and B0-
CP4-2.
5.3.4.3 Connect a digital multimeter between B2-TP8 (+) [Set Filament] and B2-ac32 (-).
5.3.4.4 Adjust the potentiometer B2-P8 till the difference between the measured voltages in
B2-TP8 at 40 kV [SET FIL1] and at 100 kV [SET FIL2] is 0.7V (35mA).
5.3.4.5 Set 40 kV, adjust B2-P5 till a -10V (±0,1 V) voltage is obtained
5.3.4.6 Set 100 kV and check that the measured voltage is –9.3V (±0,1 V).

See also table 4: typical calibration data at 230V

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 5/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

Tab. 4 - typical data calibration at 230 V

kV Set Set kV SET I. Fil I.Filament mA


Keyboard B2-TP7 B2-TP8 B0-CP4-1-2
(kV) (v) (V) (mA) (mA)

40 2.00 - 10 500 76
50 2.50 - 9,9 495 64
60 3.00 - 9,7 485 50
70 3.50 - 9,5 475 42
80 4.00 - 9,4 470 40
90 4.50 - 9,4 470 36
100 5.00 - 9,3 465 33
110 5.50 - 9,2 460 29

A final adjustment with a slight correction of the typical set value of SET FILAMENT must be done
with X-RAY exposures, checking the anodic kV and mA obtained.
The procedure is described in paragraph 5.5 mA ADJUSTMENT.

5.4 Real mA reading circuit adjustment


Electrical drawing N°05272 of the service manual

The microcomputer reads the mA for the measurement of the set mAs, through the F1 frequency
given by the voltage/frequency converter B2-IC6.

The B2-IC6 voltage / frequency converter must be regulated in order to have, in the B2-Tp14
output a frequency signal equal to the mA x 100.

Example: on B2-TP15 50 mA real are measured


on B2-TP14 F1= mA x 100 F1= 50 x 100 = 5000 Hz are measured

Warning: The measure of this frequency can be performed utilizing the test procedure
supplied by the computer, proceeding as described here below. (See also Tab.5)

5.4.1 With the unit off, switch to OFF position the dip-switch B3-SW1-2 .
5.4.2 Position the B2-JP3 jumper in B-C, the converter input V/F is
B2-IC6 at a +5V voltage.
5.4.3 Switch on the unit which enters the test procedure.
5.4.4 Adjust B2-P2 till a 5000 Hz frequency (±50 Hz) on the alphanumerical display.
5.4.5 Once the adjustment is done, switch off the unit, position the B2-JP3 jumper in
A-C and the B3-SW1-2 dip-switch in ON.

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 6/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

Tab.5 - Calibration phases

Set Set Adjustment Frequency


B3.SW1-2 B2-JP3 Potentiometer Display

OFF B-C B2-P2 5000

****
5.5 Real mA Adjustment
Electrical drawing N°05273 of the service manual

By the adjustment made at paragraph 5.3 Filament set adjustment, the filament is switched on at
typical values already.
In order to understand if the mA associated to the kV are the correct ones, the mAs shown on the
mAs - meter must be read and divide for the exposure time indicated on the display of the unit at
the end of radiography.

real mA = measured mAs : RX time

The tables 6 and 7 show the mA which have to be associated to kV and the typical exposure times
with mAs preset values.

Tab.6 - 115V MAINS

kV Set mAs Set mA Time RX


Keyboard Displayed
(kV) (mAs) (mA) (s)

40 20 37.5 0.45 ¸ 0.61


50 16 32 0.42 ¸ 0.57
60 13 25 0.44 ¸ 0.59
70 10 20 0.42 ¸ 0.57
80 10 18 0.46 ¸ 0.63
90 10 16.5 0.51 ¸ 0.69
100 8 15 0.45 ¸ 0.60
110 8 13 0.51 ¸ 0.70

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 7/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

Tab.7 - 230V MAINS

kV Set mAs Set mA Time RX


Keyboard Displayed
(kV) (mAs) (mA) (s)

40 32 76 0.35 ¸ 0.48
50 32 64 0.42 ¸ 0.57
60 32 52 0.54 ¸ 0.74
70 25 42 0.50 ¸ 0.68
80 20 40 0.42 ¸ 0.57
90 20 36 0.46 ¸ 0.63
100 20 33 0.51 ¸ 0.69
110 16 29 0.46 ¸ 0.63

If the time indicated in the table is higher, it means that the mA values values are too low; if the
time is lower, it means that the mA values are too high.
According to the results obtained, modify properly the ignition current in radiography preparation,
adjusting the SET FIL value, as shown in:

5.3.1 mA set with 115V mains


5.3.2 Filament set with 115V mains
5.3.3 mA set with 230V mains
5.3.4 Filament set with 230V mains

Warning:
The variation of the necessary filament current is typically extremely low (some mA). Usually it’s
enough to calibrate the potentiometer that increases or lowers, of the same value, the filament
ignition at the extremes of the work range and therefore on all the kV values.
B2-P5 with 230V supply
B2-P6 with 115V supply

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 8/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

5.6 RX max. time security adjustment.


Electrical drawing N°05271 of the service manual

The RX max. time security intervenes only in case of a wrong functioning of the integration circuit
of the mAs, or in case the mA are so low that the integration of the set mAs is not allowed.
The intervention steps are distinguished between 115V or 230V.

5.6.1 RX max. time security with 230V supply

5.6.1.1 Connect the oscilloscope probes as follows:


· Channel A between B1-TP14 (+) [Max RX Time] and B1 AC32 (-)
· Channel B between B1-AC20 (+) [+24Vdc] and B1 AC32 (-)
· Utilize a 1:10 reading probe
· Set on both the A and B channel 0,5 V for division
· Set the time / division of the oscilloscope on a second.

5.6.1.2 Switch on the unit, set the B1-JP2 jumper in B-C position (test condition) and check:
· the watch dog security intervention through the B1-K3 relay which is disexcited.
· the signaling B1-LD7 red led must turn on.
· The display must show SUPPLY FAULT
· The 24 Vdc Voltage, must be on B1-AC20 for a max. time of 5,2 seconds ± 0,1 sec.
· Adjust B1-P1 until the required value is obtained. See Pict. 2

N.B. The above described operations must be repeated each time the potentiometer is
adjusted, the above/mentioned procedure must be repeated.

50.00
V CH1
2.0 S
5.0 V
CH2
2.0 S
5.0 V

CH2 B1-AC20

25.00
V

CH1 B1-TP14

0.000
V 0.000 S 10.00 S 20.00 S
11.2.1997 16:26 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV

Pict.2

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 9/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

5.6.2 RX max. time security with 115V mains


Electrical drawing N°05271 of the service manual.

The adjustment of the B2-P1 potentiometer must not be repeated


Only the security intervention has to be checked as described here below:

5.6.2.1 Set the B3-SW1-1 dip switch in OFF position.


5.6.2.2 Switch on the unit.
5.6.2.3 Repeat the operations described in 5.6.1.1
5.6.2.4 Repeat the operations described in 5.6.1.2
5.6.2.5 The 24 Vdc Voltage must be on B1-AC20 for a max. time of 7.7 seconds ± 0,1 sec.
See Pict. 3
5.6.2.6 Set the B3-SW1-1 dip switch in ON position.

50.00
V CH1
2.0 S
5.0 V
CH2
2.0 S
5.0 V

CH2 B1-AC20
25.00
V

CH1 B1-TP14

0.000
V 0.000 S 10.00 S 20.00 S
11.2.1997 15:56 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV

Pict.3

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 10/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

5.7 Inverter circuits adjustment

5.7.1 Tube MAX kV security adjustment


Electrical drawing N°05276 of the service manual

5.7.1.1 Connect the digital multimeter between B101-TP19 (+) [kV Max Safety] and
B101-TP29 (-) [0V2].
5.7.1.2 In stand-by condition a voltage of 6Vdc has to be measured, if not adjust B101-P3.
5.7.1.3 Set 110 kV, perform an exposure and verify that the value measured between the
Security and the kV set, is approximately 500mV (see picture 4).

10.00
V CH1
50 mS
1.0 V
CH2
50 mS
1.0 V
B101-TP19
CH2

500 mV
5.000
V

B101-TP21
CH1

0.000
V 0.000 S 0.450 S 0.950 S
3.6.1998 15:18 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV

Pict.4

5.7.2 Real mA offset adjustment


Electrical drawing N°05276 of the service manual

5.7.2.1 Connect the digital multimeter between B101-TP22 (+) [mA] B101-TP29 (-) [0V2];
5.7.2.2 Position the B101-JP2 jumper on B-C;
5.7.2.3 Adjust B101-P2 until 0V is shown on the instrument;
5.7.2.4 Re-install the B101-JP2 jumper on A-C;
5.7.2.5 Check that the multimeter indicates 0v and, if necessary, slightly revise B101-P2,

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 11/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

5.7.3 "DEAD TIME" Adjustment


Electrical drawing N°05277 of the service manual

It is mandatory that the ignition of SCR1 and SCR2 occur only when the currents of the High
Voltage monobloc are null.
This must be made in order to check that, at the ignition of one SCR, the other is off.
Actually, if a SCR is on when the other one is still activated, a short-circuit occurs on the C1 and
C2 which causes the breaking of the Inverter Fuse - F1.
In order to avoid the simultaneous ignition of the SCR, an interval has been programmed between
one activation and the other called, the “DEAD TIME”.

The "dead time" must have a duration of 40 µS and it is adjusted by potentiometer B101-P1.
The adjustment is made as follows:

5.7.3.1 Connect the oscilloscope with memory, set as here below described:
· Channel A between B101-TP6 (+) [Dead Time] and B101-TP29 (-) [0V2]
It measures the load time of the C10 capacity which determines the duration of "dead time".
· Vertical width 5 Vdc/cm
· Basic time 20 µS/cm
· Trigger selection: mode DC single shot
slope Negative
5.7.3.2 Set 80 kV - 5 mAs and perform radiography
5.7.3.3 Control x-ray exposure and check the capacitor loading C10 in Picture 5, measuring,
between the curve shift from -15V to 0V, a 40µsec time (Dead Time).

50.00
V

CH2
20 S
5.0 V

25.00
V

Dead time 40 µsec

0.000
V 0.000mS 0.180mS 0.380mS
3.6.1998 15:50 CH2 0.000 nS 0.000 nV

Pict.5

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 12/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

5.8 Feedback kV - mA from monobloc


Electrical drawing N°05269 of the service manual

The inverter supplies the kV to the tube according to the SET kV signal and in function of the
electrical feedback signals, which come from the monobloc.
Such signals are adjusted by the potentiometers B103-P1-P2-P3-P4.

The adjustment of these signals is performed in the factory by means of proper tools and
special care.
Therefore it is advisable not to modify this adjustment.

Important: These potentiometers must be regarded as a fixed resistive divider and must
not be adjusted in case of monobloc replacement.

(See Pict. 6-7-8 with typical wave shapes referring to the kV front ascent)

Pict.6 Pict.7 Pict.8

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 13/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

5.9 Collimator

5.9.1 Alignment between X-RAY beam and rotating adapter.


The adjustment has to be performed only in case of monobloc, rotating adapter or
handle replacement.

In order to obtain a correct balancing of x-ray beam source, anode and variable position of
the rotating adapter, disconnect the mains and perform the following operations:

Lower the arm and position the monobloc with the collimator turned upwards ( see Pict. 9).

Pict.9 Pict.10

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 14/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

Note:
The rotating adapter centering the collimator is
not necessary for the installation.
CAT PHANTOM
Checking:

· Disassemble the collimator from the rotating


adapter, following all the procedures
mentioned in the Chapter REPLACEMENT
4.1
· Place the Cat phantom on the rotating adapter
(see Picture 11)
PMS Code 4522 980 31521

Pict. 11

· Unlock the arm and rotate the CAT phantom


downwards.
· Switch the unit on.
· Following all the radioprotective precautions,
set 60 kV 10 mAs and perform a radiography.
· Expose the film and measure distances P and
Q on the film (see Pict.12).

Note:
When the distances P and Q are lower than 1
mm the collimator is centred on the tube and
no re-adjustment is needed.

Pict. 12

Centring:

· If by the measurements on the film, the rotating adapter is not centered, loosen the four bolts (B) which
fix the rotating adapter to the tube a quarter turn (see Pict.10).
· Move the rotating adapter with respect in A and B direction (see Pict.12) and repeat exposures on the
film, until tolerance is less than 1mm

Once the centring has been performed:

· Switch the unit off.


· Fasten the four bolts which fix the rotating adapter to the tube and remove the Cat phantom from the
tube.
· Mount the collimator on the rotating adapter referring to Chapter REPLACEMENT 4.1, and make sure
of its alignment to the handle (see Pict. 10).
· Switch the unit on and repeat section as described in the following Chapter, for the verification of a
correspondence between light and X-ray beam.

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 15/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

5.9.2 LIGHT - RAYS Adjustment

Purpose of the collimator adjustment is aimed to obtain the correspondence between the
screened light zone, at a focal distance of 1 meter, and the actual correspondence of the x-
rat field measured in the same conditions.

Proceed as follows:

5.9.2.1 Unhook the pantograph and position a radiographic cassette under the
collimator, at a 100 cm. distance. Turn on the lamp with the “P” push-button and
collimate the light beam on the cassette with “M” knobs. (see Pict. 13).

Pict.13

5.9.2.2 Perform a radiography with the collimator at 0°, develop the film and check if it has
been correctly irradiated by the X-RAY beam, or at least within the tolerances foreseen
by the regulations. (see Pict. 14).
5.9.2.3 In order to compensate further faults, between the light field and the x-ray field, change
the collimator position by means of the 4 “A” screws shown in picture 10.
5.9.2.4 With the collimator in position -90° and -270°, check if the faults between the light field
and the x-ray field are lower then the allowed limits.

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 16/17


PRACTIX 33 plus - ADJUSTMENTS - 5

Conditions for the compliance test: - Focal distance 1 Mt.


- Light field size 24 x 30 cm

Pict.14

(SERVICE MANUAL 99.0) [File I3010_Rev4.doc] Page 17/17


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

FAULT FINDING - 6

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc]


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6 - FAULT FINDING

6.1 MAINS CIRCUIT 2

6.2 IGNITION CIRCUIT 4

6.3 SUPPLY VOLTAGES 5

6.4 M.C.P.U.: BOARD 6

6.5 M.C.P.U.: WATCH-DOG 7

6.6 M.C.P.U.: INPUTS 8

6.7 M.C.P.U.: OUTPUTS 9

6.8 M.C.P.U.: COUNTERS 9

6.9 FILAMENT IGNITION CIRCUIT 13

6.10 INVERTER CONTROL (INVERTER COMMAND) 16

6.11 INVERTER 18

6.12 KV MEASURE 21

6.13 X-RAY TUBE ASSEMBLY 25

6.14 ADAPTATION OF THE MONOBLOC TO THE GENERATOR 25

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 1/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.1 MAINS CIRCUIT

6.1.1 General
6.1.2 Fault detection
6.1.3 Voltage change error

6.1.1 General

The power supply line is connected to the main autotransformer TR1, where the following voltages
must be measured:

115 Vac ±10% between CT1-4 and CT1-6

230 Vac ±10% between CT1-4 and CT1-7

255 Vac ±10% between CT1-4 and CT1-8

6.1.2 Fault detection

Fault conditions:

a) No voltage on the autotransformer TR1


In this case:

· Check that the magneto-termic SWL1 is closed.


· Check that the fuse F1 serial to the common cable of TR1

WARNING: The fuse F1 breaks if the unit is connected to the wrong Mains.

b) The voltages measured on TR1 are not correct.

In this case:

· Do not switch on the unit.


· Check the Mains voltage value.
· Check that VTC1 and VTC2 voltage change has been properly positioned.
See paragraph 6.1.3 Voltage change error.

6.1.3 Voltage change error

Faults or malfunctioning may happen if the voltage change has not been properly connected.
Usually malfunctioning happen if accidentally a 115V mains voltage is applied to a unit set for
230V, while the other way around the fuses will break.

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 2/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

Here below the possible cases are listed:

A) The unit set for 115V or 230 V is constantly connected to a mains voltage > of 10%
(overloaded) or < of 10% (underloaded) compared to the nominal one;
In these cases, see chapter Installation paragraph 2.2.1 power supply voltages
selection.

B) 230 V Mains voltage :

b1) If the autotransformer TR1 is connected to the 115 V plug:


- The autotransformer supply fuse F1 (20A T) breaks
- The led MAINS LED in the switch ON of the display is off.

b2) If the autotransformer TR2 is connected to the 115 V plug:


- The autotransformer supply fuse TR2-F2 and F4 breaks
- No auxiliary voltage is present and the microcomputer is not working.

b3) If the Dip-switch B3-SW1-1 is switched in OFF position (power for 1.5 kW):
- The unit works properly but the mAs range is limited to max. 200 mAs
and the power applied to the X-RAY tube is 1.5 kW.
- See chapter Acceptance, paragraph 3.4.3 radiological parameters tests.

C) 115 V Mains Voltage :

c1) If the autotransformer TR1 is connected to the 230 V plug:


- It is possible to switch the unit on although the ignition circuit is underloaded.
- The Inverter is underloaded (about 130 V).
- During exposure, the radiological data are not correct.
- See chapter Acceptance, paragraph 3.4.3 radiological parameters tests.
-
c2) If the autotransformer TR2 is connected to 230 V plug:
- The auxiliary power supplies are too low and the microcomputer does not work.

c3) If the Dip-switch B3-SW1-1 is switched in ON position (power for 3 kW):


- The microcomputer set a charge to the x-ray tube of about 3 kW but generally,
the capacity of a mains net at 115 V is not sufficient and the kV’s wave form
presents an excessive ripple.
- See chapter Acceptance, paragraph 3.4.3 radiological parameters tests.

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 3/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.2 IGNITION CIRCUIT

6.2.1 General
6.2.2 Fault finding

6.2.1 General

The ignition circuit is on the printed circuit B0.

a) Before Ignition:

- Led B4-Ld3 inserted in ON switch must be lit.


- Led B0-Ld5 must be lit.

b) Pushing ON switch:

- Led B0-Ld6 must be lit.


- The ignition teleruptor K1 must be closed.

6.2.2 Fault finding

Malfunction situation:

a) The unit is not switched on by pushing ON.


In this case:

- Check the proper connection of the AMP cable between B0-CM1 and B4-CM1.
- Check the ignition of led B4-Ld3 (MAINS LED).
- Check the fuses B0-F1 and F2.
- Check the presence of voltages +24V1 and +15V1.
Check that:
- Between B0-Tp8 (+) and B0-Tp7 (-) there must be a voltage of +24V ±10%.
- Between B0-Tp6 (+) and B0-Tp7 (-) there must be a voltage of +15V ±10%.

N.B. The reference 0V1 measured on B0-Tp7 is connected in common to the earth
equipotential knot by means of connector B0-CP9.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.3 SUPPLY VOLTAGES

6.3.1 General
6.3.2 Fault finding

6.3.1 General

The supply voltages +15V2, -15V2, +24V are realized on the printed circuit B0.
When the watch-dog relay B1-K3 is closed, the voltage +24V supplies the microcomputer input
and output circuits.

6.3.2 Fault finding

Malfunctioning situations:

a) Lack of voltage +24V, signaled by the microcomputer with the “SUPPLY FAULT" alarm.

b) Lack of voltage +15V2, signaled by the microcomputer by "SUPPLY FAULT" alarm.


With the lack of supply +15V2 there is the disconnection of the watch-dog B1-K3 relay.

c) Lack of voltage -15V2, signaled by the microcomputer by "INVERTER FAULT" alarm


since in this condition the Inverter is blocked.

In these cases check the ignition of the led, the voltage value on test point and the related fuses,
as indicated in table 1:

Tab - 1

Voltage Indication Test point Fuse

+15V2. B0-Ld4 B0-Tp5 (+) e B0-Tp4 (-) TR2-F10


-15V2. B0-Ld3 B0-Tp3 (+) e B0-Tp4 (-) TR2-F8
+24V B0-Ld2 B0-Tp1 (+) e B0-Tp2 (-) TR2-F16

N.B. The reference 0V2 measured on B0-Tp4 and the 0V24 measured on B0-Tp2 are
connected to the earth equipotential knot by means of connector B0-CP9

- The lack of supply +15V2 o -15V2 may also be caused by a defective electronic part,
which, generating an overload, causes the protection of the regulated power supply
- In case of x-ray tube flash-over the Inverter control circuits might break.
To check out the functioning of regulated power supply without the Inverter control
circuits, disconnect the B101-CP1 terminal board.
- The replacement of any defective element on the unit do not require any adjustment on
the ignition circuit.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.4 M.C.P.U.: BOARD

6.4.1 General
6.4.2 Fault finding

6.4.1 General

The microcomputer is divided in three parts:


- M.C.P.U. board, which bears the microprocessor with EPROM and the RAM.
- B3 board, with INPUT/OUTPUT devices and buzzer.
- B4 panel board (keyboard).

When switched on the microcomputer performs a visual check:


- For 4 seconds visualizes “PRACTIX 33 plus R0X.00”
- For 2 seconds lights up the led of ready and of x-ray emission and controls the buzzer.

After the visual-check the display must indicate a kV and mAs value. The values indicated can be
varied with kV and mAs switches.

6.4.2 Fault finding

Malfunction situations:

a) No indication on the alphanumeric display and the panel leds do not light up.

In this case:

- Check the proper connection of the flat-cable between: B0-CF1 and B3-CF1
B0-CM1 and B4-CM1
- Check the fuse TR2-F12.
- Check the +5V1 computer supply between B3-Tp2 (+) and B3-Tp1 (0V).
- The M.C.P.U. board might be defective.

b) No indication on the alphanumeric display.

In this case:

- Check the proper connection of the flat-cables between: B0-CF1 and B3-CF2
B4-CF1- display
- Check the contrast adjustment with the potentiometer B4-P1.
- The display might be defective.

Warning: The potentiometer B4-P1 must be also adjusted when there is replacement
of the display or of the panel board B4.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

c) The panel leds are off

In this case:

- Check the buffer IC1 on the board B3.


- Check the leds on the panel.

Warning: - In order to check the microcomputer board and the panel board it is necessary to
dismantle the control panel (see chapter REPLACEMENTS)
- The switches and the leds of the panel are incorporated in the panel itself. In
case of malfunction the replacement of the panel is necessary.

6.5 M.C.P.U.: WATCH-DOG

6.5.1 General
6.5.2 Fault finding

6.5.1 General

Each 250 ms the microcomputer changes the watch-dog output condition B3-OUT5 and
consequently the led B3-Ld13 flashes at the frequency of 2 Hz.
The watch-dog circuit is achieved on board B1 and, by means of B1-K3 relays, enables the supply
(+24V) of the microcomputer inputs and of the x-ray control circuits.
If this power supply is not present, the microcomputer visualizes "SUPPLY FAULT" alarm.

6.5.2 Fault detection

The watch-dog relay B1-K3 is disexcited, the microcomputer works properly, so the
display visualizes "SUPPLY FAULT" alarm.

In this case:

- Check the presence of the supply +24V on board B0;


as indicated in paragraph 6.3.2 - Tab1
- Check that the led B1-Ld3 flashes, like the led B3-Ld13 on the microcomputer board.
- The excitement of the watch-dog relay B1-K3 is signaled by the led B1-Ld4 which is on.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.6 M.C.P.U.: INPUTS

6.6.1 General
6.6.2 Fault finding

6.6.1 General

The microcomputer inputs are made on board B3.


They are supplied by a +24V voltage.
The switching on of the input is signaled by the relative led (from B3-Ld1... to B3-Ld8 )

The inputs INPUT1 = THERMIC SAFETY


INPUT2 = FILAMENT OK
INPUT4 = kV FAULT
INPUT5 = 24V SUPPLY

must always be supplied. Their lack generates the alarm condition with the notice on the
alphanumerical display and continuous sound of the buzzer.

The inputs INPUT6 = RAD


INPUT7 = PREP
INPUT8 = kV>85%

must always be supplied during exposure.

6.6.2 Fault detection

Malfunction situations:

a) The led B3-Ld1...Ld8 does not light up.

In this case:

- Check the proper connection of the flat-cable between B0-CF1 and B3-CF1.
- Check the presence of the supply voltage on the relative input grid of the resistive mains
B3-RN4:
- If the voltage is not present the defect has to be searched on the input activation circuits.
(See the signal description afterwards)
- If the voltage is present, the problem is limited to the initial part of the circuit (led, opto-
coupler).

b) The led is properly on, but the microcomputer does not read the input presence.

In this case it is necessary to check the relative opto-coupler or the interface buffer
B3-IC4.

Warning: The circuits connected directly to M.C.P.U. (galvanically isolated from the others)
are supplied by the voltage +5V1 measured on B3-Tp2 (+) B3-Tp1 (-).
The reference 0VM of the power supply of the micro IS NOT CONNECTED
in common to the earth equipotential knot.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.7 M.C.P.U.: OUTPUTS

6.7.1 General
6.7.2 Fault finding

6.7.1 General

The microcomputer outputs are achieved on the board B3.


The output is then activated by bringing to 0V the collector of the relative optocoupler.
The activation of the output is signaled by the relative led, from B3-Ld9 ... B3-Ld16.

For the output in stand-by, go to the following table TAB.2 “leds condition in stand-by” at page 12.

6.7.2 Fault detection

Malfunctioning situations:

a) If the led (B3-Ld9...Ld16) is turned OFF:


Check the presence of the control voltage (+5V1) on the pin relative to the buffer
B3-IC5 -12...19

- If the voltage is not present, the fault must be searched in the circuits connected to the
M.C.P.U. (B3- IC5, M.C.P.U., data bus implemented on board B3).
- If the voltage is present, the defect is limited to the control circuit of the opto-coupler B3
OC5...OC8 (led, opto-coupler).

b) If the led is properly on:


Check the opto-coupler.

Warning: The circuits directly connected to the M.C.P.U. (galvanically isolated from the
others) are supplied by the voltage +5V1 measured on B3-Tp2 (+) and B3-Tp1 (-).
The reference 0VM of the power supply of micro IS NOT CONNECTED
in common to the earth equipotential knot.

6.8 M.C.P.U.: COUNTERS

6.8.1 General
6.8.2 Fault finding

6.8.1 General

The microcomputer reads:


- the frequency f1 proportional to the anodic mA , through the counter CTC1;
- the frequency f2 proportional to the kV set voltage, through the counter CTC2.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

The frequency f1 is equal to (mA x 100) Hz.


Example: with 50 anodic mA it will be f1 = 5000 Hz.

The frequency f2 is equal to (kV x 40) Hz.


Example : with fixed 100 kV it will be f2 = 4000 Hz.

The counters are implemented on the M.C.P.U., while the control circuits of the counters
themselves are on the board B3.
It’s possible to check out indirectly the proper functioning of the counters, by checking the set
voltage of the kV (CTC2) and the value of mA (CTC1) during exposure as follows:

a) Counter CTC2: - After each set of the kV the notice "READY" must return.
- In B2-Tp7 a continuous voltage must be measured.
The values are in “Adjustment, paragraph 5.2 set kV
adjustment tab.2.

b) Counter CTC1: - Perform an exposure, checking with an oscilloscope, the


anodic mA in B2-Tp15.
The format is 1V = 10 mA.
- Check out that the exposure time indicated on the display is equal
to:

mAs fixed
t(sec) = --------------------
mA measured

6.8.2 Fault finding

Usually an error of precision in the setting up of the kV value or in the mA reading, does not
depend on the counters of the microcomputer, but on the analogic circuits adjustment or on the
related voltage/frequency converters.
The fault of the counters usually occurs with the total lack of counting.

Malfunctioning situations:

a) Counter CTC2 (kV) :

- If the frequency value f2 read by the microcomputer is equal to zero (or anyway
lower than nearly 1400 Hz):
- The alarm "MIN kV" is visualized.
- Measure the frequency value of the signal f2 in B3-Tp6 (+) and B3-Tp4 (-).

Warning: If the frequency measured is not correct, it’s necessary to check the voltage-
frequency converter B2-IC11, see paragraph 6.10.2.C page 17.

- If the frequency f2 measured in B3-Tp6 is correct:


- Check out the frequency value in B3-Tp8 (+) and B3-Tp1(-)
If the value is correct the M.C.P.U. is probably defective; otherwise check out the
opto-coupler B3-OC13 and the gate NOR B3-IC7.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

b) Counter CTC1 (mA) :

- If during exposure the frequency value read by the microcomputer is equal to zero
(or anyway lower than approximately 700 Hz):
- The alarm "MIN mA" is visualized and the exposure is blocked after 0,4 s.
- Measure the frequency value of f1 signal in B3-Tp5 (+) and B3-Tp4 (-)
If the frequency measured is not correct, it is necessary to check the voltage/frequency
converter B2-IC12
See chapter Adjustments, paragraph 5.4, real mA reading circuit adjustment
- If the frequency measured in B3-Tp5 is correct:
- Check the frequency value in B3-Tp7 (+) and B3-Tp1 (-)
If the value is correct the M.C.P.U. is probably defective; otherwise check the opto-
coupler B3-OC13 and the gate NOR B3-IC7.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

Tab.2 Leds conditions in stand-by

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.9 FILAMENT IGNITION CIRCUIT

6.9.1 General
6.9.2 Fault detection in stand-by
6.9.3 Fault detection in radiography preparation

****
6.9.1 General

The filament ignition circuit is made on board B2. It keeps constant the filament voltage, fixed
independently from the load and mains conditions. In tables 3 and 4 at pages 13 and 14 are
indicated the typical values of the filament ignition current according to the mA associated to the
set kV and to the mains voltage utilized. These typical values may change according to the
different X-RAY tubes. Slight deviations of the filament current and so of the anodic mA (within
±10% of the anodic mA foreseen) do not involve exposure variations, since the microcomputer
calculate automatically the radiography time to obtain the exact value of set mAs.

Warning: - The current in the filament transformer (I FIL) is measured by an amperometer


AC with TRUE RMS reading, connected to the B0-CP4-1-2 clamps.
- In B2-Tp10 there is a DC voltage of reading relative to the filament current
with format: Feed I Fil 10mV @ 50mA
- Example:: for I FIL = 500 mA there is V = 100 mV.

If in stand-by the filament is properly turned on, it means that the current adjustment circuits are
working.
In radiography preparation the filament is turned on at a higher value according to the mA required
by the exposure.
The current value required during radiography preparation is set by SET FIL voltage.

The SET FIL voltage is on B2-Tp8 with format: SET I FIL (-1V @ 50mA)
Example: For a I FIL of 500 mA there is: SET I FIL = - 500 (1/50) = - 10V

Power Supply 230 V Tab - 3 Filament Ignition typical values

set SET kV SET FIL I FIL Feed-back theoretical


kV in B2-Tp7 in B2-Tp8 B0-CP4-1-2 B2-Tp10 mA
(kV) (v) (V) (mA) (mV) (mA)

40 2.00 -10 500 100 76

50 2.50 -9.9 495 99 64

60 3.00 -9.7 485 97 52

70 3.50 -9.5 475 95 42

80 4.00 -9.4 470 94 40

90 4.50 -9.4 487 97.5 36

100 5.00 -9.3 465 93 33

110 5.50 -9.2 460 92 29

Power Supply 115 V Tab - 4 Filament Ignition typical values

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

set SET kV SET FIL I FIL Feed-back theoretical


kV in B2-Tp7 in B2-Tp8 B0-CP4-1/2 B2-Tp10 mA
(kV) (v) (V) (mA) (mV) (mA)

40 2.00 -9.5 475 95 37.5

50 2.50 -9.4 470 94 32

60 3.00 -9.2 460 92 25

70 3.50 -9 450 90 20

80 4.00 -8.94 447 89.5 18

90 4.50 -8.88 444 88.8 16.5

100 5.00 -8.84 442 88.4 15

110 5.50 -8.74 437 87.4 13

These values will probably have to be slightly changed (±2 mA) in order to obtain the exact value
of anodic mA during exposure, due to differences in the A.T. circuits.

****
6.9.2 Fault finding in stand-by

The microcomputer visualizes the "FILAMENT" alarm if the I FIL current is < 220 mA.
Malfunction situations:

a) Measured Current equal to zero

In this case:

- Check the presence of the mains voltage 110 VAC supplied by the transformer TR2-19-
20
- Check the fuse TR2-F20 1A-T
- Check the presence of the 10 VAC voltage supplied by the transformer TR2-17-18
- Check the fuse TR2-F18 315mA-T
- Check that the control voltage of the regulator at phase control is:
B2-Tp9(+) and B2-Tp2(-) equal to nearly 6,9Vdc (±0.1Vdc) in stand-by
B2-Tp9(+) and B2-Tp2(-)in radiography preparation at 40 kV
with 115V main equal to -9,5V (±0.1Vdc)
with 230V main equal to –10V (±0.1Vdc)
B2-Tp9(+) and B2-Tp2(-) in radiography preparation at 110 kV.
with 115V main equal to –8,74V (±0.1Vdc)
with 230V main equal to –9,2V (±0.1Vdc
- By means of an oscilloscope check the PWM signal on Tp17, during the radiography
preparation phase. (see the wave form on the topographic, B2 board, Chap. Electrical
Drawings).

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

b) Non correct stand-by current.

In this case check the current as described in Adjustments, paragraph 5.1 Filament current
adjustment in stand-by.

c) I FIL current is correct, but "FILAMENT" alarm is visualized.

In this case check the control circuits of the B3-INPUT2 input.

Warning: - When the stand-by current is correct:


- Led B2-Ld3 must be turned on.
- Led B3-Ld2 must be turned on.
- If the filament in the x-ray tube is interrupted, the regulator supplies to the
filament the max. voltage in an unstable way. (nearly 100 V).
- The voltage applied to the filament transformer is measurable in B0-CP4 3-4.

****
6.9.3 Fault detection in radiography preparation

If in stand-by the filament ignition is correct, while, during exposure the anodic mA are far
from the theoretic value, it’s necessary to check the SET FIL and SET mA voltage.

In this case:

- Check that through the whole kV range that the set values correspond to the ones indicated in
tables 3 and 4 at page 13 and 14-
- Adjust the mA set value and if is necessary the filament set as described in “Adjustments,
paragraph 5.3 filament set adjustment”
- In B2-Tp8 there is a voltage which is not variable according to the kV.

See Pict. 1.

Pict. 1

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.10 INVERTER CONTROL (INVERTER COMMAND)

6.10.1 General
6.10.2 Fault detection in “SET kV”
6.10.3 Fault detection in “PRE-RX” O “RX”

6.10.1 General

The Inverter control signals are made on the boards B1 (logical signals) and B2 (analogic signals).
When there is a fault which prevents the x-ray emission it is necessary first to check these control
signals. If they are correct it will be mandatory to check the inverter’s circuits.
The inverter is activated with 3 signals:

a) SET kV
It’s the analogic signal for the setting of the desired kV. Its format is 1 V = 20 kV.
A continuous voltage must be obtained between B2-Tp7 (+) and B2-Tp2 (-), whose value
may be traced in “Adjustments paragraph 5.2 adjustment set kV tab.2.”
The same voltage, with opposite sign, is also available in B101-Tp23 of the inverter.
When the microcomputer has set a new SET kV value, the display indicates "READY".

b) PRE-RX
It’s the logical signal that enables the inverter power circuits.
The signal is supplied by the output B3-OUT1.
It’s activated pushing the RAD control of the x-ray push-button and is deactivated at the
end of exposure.
It’s active at a high level B1-Tp10 = + 15V and also the leds B1-Ld5 e B101-Ld5 are on.

c) RX
It’s the exposure control, the signal which controls the inverter power circuits for the
exposure.
The signal is supplied by the output B3-OUT2.
It’s active after nearly 0,3 s after PRE-RX is deactivated at the end of exposure.
It’s active at a high level B1-Tp11 = + 15V and also the leds B1-Ld6 e B101-Ld8 are on.

6.10.2 Fault finding in "SET kV"

Malfunctioning conditions:

a) Setting a kV value the indication "READY" is not obtained and the SET kV voltage
between B2-Tp7 (+) and B2-Tp2 (-) does not change.

In this case:

- Check the kV+ SELECTION (B3-OUT6) and kV- SELECTION (B3-OUT7) outputs.
These outputs are activated by pulses in order to precisely position the electronic
potentiometer B2-IC2.
- Check the presence of the clock signal (about 10Hz) on the pin 1 of the electronic
potentiometer B2-IC2.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

b) The microcomputer visualizes READY but the SET kV value is not correct.

In this case the problem lays in the adjustment of the voltage-frequency converter B2-
IC11.
In order to make a check, perform the adjustment procedure, as indicated in “ Adjustment,
paragraph 5.2, set kV adjustment, tab. 2”

c) The microcomputer visualizes "MIN kV" alarm.

The alarm is present when the f2 frequency, proportional to the SET kV voltage, is lower
than 400 Hz, correspondent to a 35 kV set.
In this case:

- Check on board B2:


- the presence of +5V2 voltage measured between B2-Tp2(+) and B2-Tp2(-)
- the presence of SET kV voltage in B2 Tp7(+) and B2-Tp2(-)
- the presence in B2-Tp12 of frequency signal f2 equal to kV · 40
Example: with SET kV = 40 kV f2 = 1600 Hz.
- If the signals are correct, check the microcomputer counter COUNTER 2, see also
paragraph 6.8.2-a counter CTC2 kV

d) The microcomputer visualizes "MAX kV" alarm.

The alarm is present when the f2 frequency, proportional to the SET kV voltage, is higher
than 4600 Hz, correspondent to a 115 kV set.
In this case:

- Check the kV- SELECTION (B3-OUT7) output which should control the SET kV voltage
decrease.
- Check the electronic potentiometer B2-IC2 and the v/f converter B2-IC11.

6.10.3 Fault finding in "PRE-RX" or "RX" signals

Malfunctioning conditions:

a) Pushing the radiography switch (HAND-SWITCH RAD) there is no X-RAY emission


and no alarm is visualized by the microcomputer,

In this case:

- Check the RAD connection of the HAND-SWITCH.


- Check B3 - INPUT 6.

b) Pushing the radiography switch (HAND-SWITCH RAD) there is no X-RAY emission


and the microcomputer visualizes "LACKING OF X-RAY" alarm.

In this case:

- The problem may be caused by the absence of one of the signals PRE-RX or RX.
- Check the microcomputer outputs B3-OUT1 (PRE-RX), B3-OUT2 (RX), and the opto-
coupler B1-OC1.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

- Check the correct control of the B1-K1 relay (whose connection is in series according to
the signals PRE-RX and RX that go to the Inverter.
- If the control signals are correct, but the alarm persists, it is necessary to check the
internal circuits of the Inverter, as described 6.11, Inverter.

6.11 INVERTER

6.11.1 General
6.11.2 Fault Finding

6.11.1 General

The INVERTER group is composed by:


- power circuits, which first straightens and filters the mains voltage and afterwards supplies, at
high frequency, the primary circuit of monobloc high voltage transformer.
- Control board B101.

In stand-by the Inverter is supplied by the B5-R1-R2-R3-R4 resistors. The voltage to the power
supply clamps of the Inverter INVERTER-CT1-1-2 is approximately 230V.
In radiography preparation the resistors are short-circuited by the K2 contactor and the power
supply voltage is brought to 255 V ±10%.
The power circuits are activated from the control signals PRE-RX and RX for exposure.
During exposure, the Inverter keeps the set kV fixed through SET kV at the x-ray tube heads.
During exposure, the Inverter supplies the following signals:

a) kV FAULT Signal.

In normal functioning conditions, the signal is ON and the led B1-Ld9 is on.
The signal is controlled by the computer through the input B3-INPUT4; the led B3-Ld4 is
on as well,
If, during exposure, the kV applied to the tube are higher than the fixed maximum of 120
kV, the signal is deactivated and the microcomputer displays “INVERTER FAULT" alarm.

b) Logical Signal "kV > 85%".

The signal is activated when the kV applied to the RX tube are higher than 85% of the set
value; the signal is controlled by the microcomputer through the input B3-INPUT8.
In normal conditions the led B1-Ld8 is on; on the contrary, the led B3-Ld8, in on during x-
ray emission.
If the signal is not activated within 10 ms from the x-rays control, (x-ray signal),the
exposure is inhibited and the “LACKING OF X-RAY" alarm appears.
If the signal deactivates during x-ray emission, the exposure is interrupted and the "kV
FAULT" alarm is visualized.

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PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

c) Radiography mA.

During exposure the Inverter supplies a voltage proportional to the mA with format
1 V = 10 mA.
This voltage is measurable either in B101-Tp25 or in B2-Tp15 and it is read by the
microcomputer with COUNTER 1 to calculate the set mAs.
The mA value is set according to the fixed kV . See also tables 3 and 4 at page 13-14.

6.11.2 Fault finding

Malfunction conditions:

a) The power supplies +15V2 or -15V2 are not present on the Inverter board B101.

The leds B101-Ld1 and Ld2 signal the presence of power supply voltages +15V2 and
-15V2.
The disappearance of one of the power supplies might be caused by a defective part on
the control board.
The flash-over from the x-ray tube might cause the breaking of an operational intensifier
reading feed-back of kV or mA.

- Check the components B101-IC11, IC23.


- To check if the disappearance of one of the power supplies is caused by the Inverter
control circuits, disconnect the board B101 by means of the terminal board B101- CP1.
- Measure the power supplies between B101-CP1-1 and CP1-2 and B101-CP1-2 and
CP1-3

b) "LACKING OF X-RAY" alarm

It happens when there is no x-ray emission.


If the problem is not caused by a fault of the kV > 85% signal:

- Check the Inverter power supply voltage in stand-by and during preparation;
- Check the F2 and F3 (20A-T) fuses of the Inverter power supply.
- Check the power fuse F1 inside the Inverter (63A-ET).

In order to check out and to replace this fuse, follow the instructions in Replacements.

Warning: - The breaking of the fuse F1 inside the Inverter may be generated by several
causes. Generally the breaking is caused by a flash-over of the x-ray tube: the
replacement of the fuse restores the functionality of the unit.
- If the defect recurs as soon as the replacement is done, it will be mandatory to
determine if the fault lays in the Inverter group or in the monobloc.

c) "kV FAULT" Alarm.

It’s displayed if during exposure (properly started) the kV > 85% signal is missing, that is, if
the kV applied to the tube decrease under the 85% of the set value.
This is due to several causes:

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 19/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

- Check out the mains voltage of the Inverter during radiography preparation(255 V ±10%).
If the measured value is substantially lower, check that during radiography preparation ,
that the contactor K2 properly short-circuits B5-R1-R2-R3-R4 resistors.
- The mains power could be insufficient
During exposure, the Inverter supply voltage on CT1-1-2 must not be lower than:
- approx. 180 V with power 3,3 kW
- approx. 160 V with power 1,5 kW
- The filament ignition is not correct and the mA are too high.

NOTE: If the mains at 230 V cannot supply a 3,3 kW power, it is possible to commute the
unit on the 1,5 kW power (as for the 115v mains), positioning the dip-switch B3-SW1-1 in
OFF.

d) "BLOCK kV INVERTER" alarm


"INVERTER FAULT" alarm

The kV FAULT signal is controlled by the microcomputer with input B3-INPUT4.


In stand-by the led B101-Ld10 must be switched off, therefore the leds B1-Ld9 and
B3-Ld4 are turned on.

In stand-by the lack of input is signaled by the microcomputer with "INVERTER FAULT"
alarm.

If during exposure one of the two feed-back signals kV+ or kV- is higher than 6V (60kV+
60kV = 120 kV) :
- the red led B101-Ld10 light up
- the input of the microcomputer B3-INPUT4 deactivates.
- the microcomputer visualizes "BLOCK kV INVERTER" alarm.

The intervention value of the alarm is controlled by B101-P3.


It is adjustable in order to obtain, in B101-Tp19, a 6,2V voltage in stand-by
In this case:

- Check that the voltage in B10-Tp19 is 6,2V and during x-ray emission is not < of 5.8V.
- Check that the value of SET kV voltage measured in B101-Tp23 is correct.
- Check the correspondence between the kV measured with a non-invasive tool (MINI-X)
and the kV value supplied by the Inverter in B101-Tp21, see also paragraph 6.12.2
kV measure.

Warning: - The alarm is disconnected by switching off and on the unit.


- If the alarm persists at the ignition of the unit, or before an exposure,
check that:
- the signal in B1-Tp15, kV Inverter fault
- the signal in B1-Tp13, kV fault towards the microcomputer board
- the microcomputer input B3- INPUT4.

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 20/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

e) "MAX TIME" alarm.

This alarm is displayed when the microcomputer has not counted the set mAs within the
max. exposure time.

In this case:

- Measure the mAs with a mAs meter connected between B101-CP4-1-3 and check that
they are the same set on the Alphanumerical display.
If the error is higher than the 10% it is necessary to verify the f1 frequency adjustment
(see chapter 5, Adjustments paragraph 5.4 mA reading circuit adjustment)
- Check that the mA associated to the set kV are not lower that the10% of the typical
value.
On the contrary, check the filament ignition circuit, see chapter 5 Adjustments paragraph
5.3 filament set adjustment.

Warning: The problem might be caused an insufficient power supply network with the
consequent decrease of mA value.
The mains resistance must not be higher than 0,55 W with mains 230V
and 0,35 W with mains 115 V.

f) "MIN mA" alarm

The microcomputer visualizes this alarm if after 0,4 s from exposure start the mA have
not exceeded approx. 7 mA.

In this case:

- Measure with an oscilloscope the mA value in B101-Tp25, the format is 1 V = 10 mA.


If the value is correct, it is necessary the f1 frequency adjustment.
See chapter 5 Adjustments paragraph 5.4 mA reading circuit adjustment
On the contrary, check that the supply mains is sufficiently powerful.
- Check also the filament current adjustment.
See chapter 5 Adjustments paragraph 5.3 filament set adjustment.

6.12 kV MEASURE

6.12.1 General
6.12.2 Fault detection

6.12.1 General

Setting

In B101-Tp23 there is the SET kV continuous voltage of kV setting.


This voltage must not change during exposure.
On the contrary, it is necessary to check the SET kV signal, See 6.10.1. General.

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 21/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

kV Feed-back

The electrical feed-back signals coming from the monobloc, are used by the Inverter in order to
maintain, at the x-ray tube heads, the voltage set with SET kV.
These signals are adjusted in the factory, with B103 P1,P2,P3,P4 potentiometers, using a non-
invasive kV measuring system.
These potentiometers must be considered as a fixed resistance divider and must not be adjusted
in case of monobloc replacement.
In B101-Tp20 there is the feed-back signal of the kV+ positive branch.
During exposure the following voltage must be measured:
V = - (kV+ : 10)
Example: To perform an exposure at 80 kV the branch support must be 40 kV and the
voltage in B101-Tp20 must be = - 4 V.

In B101-Tp17 there is the feed-back signal of the kV- negative branch.


During exposure the following voltage must be measured:
V = -( kV- : 10)
Example: To perform an exposure at 80 kV the branch support must be 40 kV and the
voltage in B101-Tp17 must be = + 4 V.

In B10-Tp21 there is the feed-back kV signal, addition of the positive and negative branches.
During exposure the following voltage must be measured:
V = kV : 20
Example: To perform an exposure at 80 kV the voltage in B101-Tp21 must be = + 4 V.

6.12.2 Fault finding

The electrical measure of the kV applied to the x-ray tube must be fixed with an oscilloscope which
detects the feed-back voltage in B101-Tp21.
The value obtained must correspond to the one measured with a non-invasive tool (type MINI-X).

Pict. 2 shows typical wave forms detected at different kV value.


The measure points are: B101-Tp21 (+) and B101-Tp28 (-) to measure kV
B101-Tp25 (+) and B101-Tp28 (-) to measure mA

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 22/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

Pict. 2 Typical kV wave forms

20.00 20.00
V CH1 V CH1
0.2 S 0.2 S
2.0 V 2.0 V
CH2 CH2
0.2 S 0.2 S
1.0 V 1.0 V

10.00 10.00
V V

0.000 0.000
V 0.000 S 0.800 S 1.800 S V 0.000 S 0.800 S 1.800 S
11.2.1997 10:23 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV 11.2.1997 14:50 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV

230V (50kV - 32mAs) 115V (50kV - 20mAs)

20.00 20.00
V CH1 V CH1
0.2 S 0.2 S
2.0 V 2.0 V
CH2 CH2
0.2 S 0.2 S
1.0 V 1.0 V

10.00 10.00
V V

0.000 0.000
V 0.000 S 0.800 S 1.800 S V 0.000 S 0.800 S 1.800 S
11.2.1997 10:27 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV 11.2.1997 15:4 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV

230V (80kV - 20mAs) 115V (80kV - 10mAs)

20.00 20.00
V CH1 V CH1
0.2 S 0.2 S
2.0 V 2.0 V
CH2 CH2
0.2 S 0.2 S
1.0 V 1.0 V

10.00 10.00
V V

0.000 0.000
V 0.000 S 0.800 S 1.800 S V 0.000 S 0.800 S 1.800 S
11.2.1997 10:30 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV 11.2.1997 15:33 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV

230V (100kV - 20mAs) 115V (100kV - 10mAs)

Pict.2

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 23/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

a) In case of difference between the set kV and the values obtained:

- The accepted tolerance is ±5%.


- If the difference is higher but not causing a fault, it is necessary to adjust the SET kV
signal, see chapter 5 Adjustments paragraph 5.2
- Check with an oscilloscope double-trace oscilloscope the feed-back signals kV+ (B101-
Tp20) e kV- (B102-Tp17).
The signals must be equal and must have the same rise rate. See Pict. 3

Warning: If the kV+ and kV- feed-back signals are not equal, it’s probably a monobloc
fault.

10.00
V CH1
50 mS
1.0 V
CH2
50 mS
1.0 V

5.000
V

0.000
V 0.000 S 0.450 S 0.950 S
11.2.1997 15:48 CH1 0.000 nS 0.000 nV

Pict. 3

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 24/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.13 X-RAY TUBE ASSEMBLY

6.13.1 General
6.13.2 Fault finding

6.13.1 General

Intervention in the hermetically closed x-ray tube assembly tank without subsequent vacuum filling
process are not admissible.
Defective monoblocs must be replaced.
The fault cause must be eliminated before the replacement, so that consequent damages are
avoided.

6.13.2 Fault finding

a) Oil leakage in the monobloc:


- Localize the fault position, pay attention to gas bubbles.

b) Discharges in the monobloc:


- If there are gas bubbles at the x-ray output window, replace the monobloc.

c) The alarm "BLOCK kV INVERTER" is repeated:


- Check the kV+ feed-back signals in B101-Tp20 and the kV- feed-back in B101-Tp17, if
they are different the X-ray tube assembly might be faulty.

d) The alarm condition "MIN mA" is repeated:


- Check the I FIL filament ignition current value.
- Check that through the x-ray output window the filament is on.
- If the filament is turned off and the alarm "FILAMENT" is not visualized, it means that the
heating circuit works properly, but the x-ray tube filament is interrupted and the monobloc
must be replaced.

6.14 ADAPTATION OF THE MONOBLOC TO THE GENERATOR

6.14.1 General
6.14.2 Filament current adaptation
6.14.3 kV test

6.14.1 General

When the monobloc is replaced, it has to be adapted to the generator, meaning that it would be
advisable to:

- Check filament current


- Check the kV applied to the x-ray tube
The ricalibration or the check of the tube current and of the high voltage is required even when an
element, directly influencing the mA e kV parameters, is changed.

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 25/26


PRACTIX 33 plus – FAULT FINDING - 6

6.14.2 Filament current adaptation

Measure points

- The filament ignition current has to be monitored


- Real mA during exposure

Filament current adjustment

- See chapter 5, Adjustment, paragraph 5.1 Filament current adjustment in stand-by

Real ma adjustment in the tube

- See chapter 5, Adjustment; paragraph 5.5, real mA adjustment

X-ray Tube Forming

- See chapter 2, Installation; paragraph 2.2.5, x-ray tube forming

6.14.3 kV test

When the monobloc is replaced, usually it is not necessary to adjust the kV applied to the x-ray
tube.

The Inverter supplies the kV to the tube according to the SET kV signal and in function of the feed-
back electrical signals coming from the monobloc.
These signals are adjusted in the factory, with the B103-P1,P2,P3,P4 potentiometers.

Important: These potentiometers must be considered as a fixed resistive divider and


have not to be adjusted in case of monobloc replacement.

In order to check the kV value:

- To check values higher than 50 kV a non-invasive tool (MINI-X) is utilized.


- To check the real kV signal supplied by the Inverter, connect an oscilloscope to B101-Tp21
See paragraph 6.12.2.

Warning: If the data are not correct, it is necessary to re-adjust the SET kV voltage.
See chapter 5 Adjustment; paragraph 5.2, set kV adjustment.

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3012_Rev1.doc] Pag. 26/26


PRACTIX 33 plus - SERVICE INFORMATION - 7

SERVICE INFORMATION - 7

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3014_Rev4.doc]


PRACTIX 33 plus - SERVICE INFORMATION - 7

****
7 - SERVICE INFORMATION

7.1 LIST OF THE MAIN INSTRUMENTS Page 2

7.2 SPECIAL TOOLS 3

7.3 SERVICE INFORMATION CHECKLIST 5

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3014_Rev4.doc] Pag. 1/5


PRACTIX 33 plus - SERVICE INFORMATION - 7

7.1 LIST OF THE MAIN INSTRUMENTS

Here below are listed the main instruments necessary to the Service in case of repairing of Practix
33 Plus.

- DIGITAL SCOPE, 2 CHANNELS WITH MEMORY


mod. PHILIPS PM3365 A or equivalent.
This unit must NOT have the earth connection GND.

- mAs METER mod. PHILIPS PM2618 or equivalent

- mA METER TRU RMS mod. FLUKE 87 or equivalent

- TRUE RMS MULTIMETER load 1000 vdc mod. FLUKE 87 or equivalent

- kVp TIME METER mod. MINI-X PLUS or equivalent

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3014_Rev4.doc] Pag. 2/5


PRACTIX 33 plus - SERVICE INFORMATION - 7

7.2 SPECIAL TOOLS

Here below are listed the main tools particularly useful to the Service in case of repairing of Practix
33 Plus.

- KEY TUBE 30 cm LONG WITH NUT M19


Code 52369 - 4512 590 22991

30cm

- KEY to adjust pantograph friction


Code 52662 - 4512 590 23961

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3014_Rev4.doc] Pag. 3/5


PRACTIX 33 plus - SERVICE INFORMATION - 7

7.3 SERVICE INFORMATION CHECKLIST

Here enclosed there are two tables useful for the Service in order to take note of all the
information of the technical interventions during the life time of the unit.

Equipment: Type N°: ..............................


Artikel: ............................................................................................

Serial N°:
Installation Date: Fabrik.-Nr.: ..........................
Montage-Datum: ............................................................................

Implemented / Durchgeführt
N-Sheet N° Remark/Bemerkungen
Service-
Information Nr.
Date / Datum Signature/Unterschrift

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3014_Rev4.doc] Pag. 4/5


PRACTIX 33 plus - SERVICE INFORMATION - 7

Implemented / Durchgeführt
N-Sheet N° Remark/Bemerkungen
Service-
Information Nr.
Date / Datum Signature/Unterschrift

SERVICE MANUAL (01.0) [File: I3014_Rev4.doc] Pag. 5/5


PRACTIX 33 plus - SCHEMATIC DRAWINGS - 9

SCHEMATIC DRAWINGS - 9

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3018_Rev4.doc]


PRACTIX 33 plus - SCHEMATIC DRAWINGS - 9

DRAWING INDEX

Functional drawings
Mod. (✠ ) Code Description Version

05327 Block diagram


05269 Power circuit / generator
05270 On-off / DC supply
05271 Watch-dog / exposure control / max exposure time
05272 Inverter interface
05273 Filament control
05274 Inputs - outputs
05275 Keyboard
05276 Inverter control 1
05277 Inverter control 2
05278 Inverter control 3

Topographic Boards
Mod. (✠ ) Code Label Description

01696 B0 Bus interface


01572 B1 kV control
01571 B2 mA control
01574 B3 Inputs - outputs
01698 B4 Keyboard
01570 B5 On-off
**** 01694 B101 Inverter control
**** 01681 B103 Feedback kV-mA
01623 FT3 Hand-switch filter

(✠ ) Code here-in mentioned do not recall the reference peak after “interchangeable” modification, but they are modifed only in case of new codes,
in function of “non-interchangeable” modification. The complete code is mentioned on the electrical or topographic drawing of the same
component.

SERVICE MANUAL (99.0) [File: I3018_Rev4.doc] Page 1/1