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Most practical / cost effective risk mitigation strategy is inspection for each

item. Inspection provides a major part of the overall risk management strategy, but
not always.
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---------------------------------------------------------- The accuracy of results
from a qualitative analysis depends on the background / expertise of the analyst.
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---------------------------------------------------------- Analysis / POF should
address all deterioration mechanisms to which the equipment is susceptible and
should be credible / repeatable / documented.
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---------------------------------------------------------- Qualitative analysis
using broad ranges requires higher level of judgment / skill / understanding
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---------------------------------------------------------- ISO-risk line help with
inspection planning to improves understanding of the relative risks of Equipment

ISO-risk line help with inspection planning to improves understanding of the


relative risks of Equipment
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---------------------------------------------------------- In multi-unit facility,
the first step in RBI application is screening process units to rank relative risks
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---------------------------------------------------------- In RBI, purpose of
operational boundaries = identify key process parameters that impact deterioration
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---------------------------------------------------------- In RBI, consequence
analysis is intended to provide

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---------------------------------------------------------- In RBI, residual factors
for loss of containment include: Human Error Unknown mechanisms of deterioration
Secondary effects from nearby units
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---------------------------------------------------------- Inspection help risk
management by reducing uncertainty
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---------------------------------------------------------- Inspection optimization

Inspection optimization is a point at which additional inspection show a


diminishing reduction of risk.
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---------------------------------------------------------- There is risk management
through inspection when risk is dominated by probability (POF).
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---------------------------------------------------------- Key elements of an RBI
program include: a) Management system for maintaining documentation, personnel
qualifications, data requirements, analysis updates. b) documented method for POF
determination; c) documented method for COF determination; d) documented
methodology for managing risk through inspection, process control, other
mitigations
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---------------------------------------------------------- Metallurgical /
environmental deterioration involve mechanical / physical property deterioration
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--------------------------------------------The inspection plan resulting from a
detailed description of RBI assessment for each piece of equipment will specify
timing of inspections.
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--------------------------------------------The qualification for risk analyCost
constraints may make it impractical to reduce some risks to an acceptable level
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---------------------------------------------------------- Data to be used should
be identified at the beginning of an RBI assessmentsis for RBI include detailed
training on the RBI methodology used
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---------------------------------------------------------- RBI contributes to
reduction of overall
life-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------------------------------------------------------------- Equipment integrity
should remain the primary focus of RBI assessment
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---------------------------------------------------------- Inspection is effective
if the technique adequately detects damage mechanism & severity
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------------------- Equipment integrity should remain the primary focus of RBI
assessment
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---------------------------------------------------------- Inspection is effective
if the technique adequately detects damage mechanism & severity
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------------------- Equipment integrity should remain the primary focus of RBI
assessment
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---------------------------------------------------------- Inspection is effective
if the technique adequately detects damage mechanism & severity
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--------------------------------------------With regard to environmental
consequences, the RBI program typically focuses on acute risks
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---------------------------------------------------------- At initial assumptions
in RBI, conservative COF / POF estimates result in unnecessarily inflated risks
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---------------------------------------------------------- Team Leader-cycle costs
by Cost Benefit Assessments
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---------------------------------------------------------- RBI contributes to
reduction of overall life-cycle costs by enhancing the prediction of failure
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---------------------------------------------------------- RBI is focused on the
systematic determination of relative risk
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The RBI methodology is intended to complement over safety initiatives


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---------------------------------------------------------- The RBI expected to
determine linkage of risks with appropriate inspection or other risk mitigations
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---------------------------------------------------------- An RBI program reduce
the overall risk for the equipment / facility being assessed
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--------------------------------------------An RBI inspection plan should specify
the type / scope / timing of inspection
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---------------------------------------------------------- The removal of deadlegs
is an example of mitigation the POF
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---------------------------------------------------------- RBI = containmeUse of
high-quality data and knowledgeable personnel increase accuracy of an RBI analysis
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---------------------------------------------------------- Damage mechanisms is one
of the primary considerations in determining failure probability
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---------------------------------------------------------- Proper isolation valve
locations is the most important to the success of risk management by emergency
isolation
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----------------------------------------------------------nt of equipment
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---------------------------------------------------------- Risk management through
inspections have little or no effect in instantaneous failures.
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---------------------------------------------------------- The suitabilityThe
suitability / current condition of equipment in the current operating envelope will
determine POF
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---------------------------------------------------------- Time frame over which
RBI analysis is applicable should be defined / captured in final documentation
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---------------------------------------------------------- Value of a qualitative
approach = completion of risk assessment in the absence of detailed data.
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---------------------------------------------------------- After risk acceptability
criteria established, it is found not every failure will lead to an undesirable
incident / consequence
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---------------------------------------------------------- Mechanical damage is a
major deterioration mechanism in the hydrocarbon / chemical industry
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--------------------------------------------Use of high-quality data and
knowledgeable personnel increase accuracy of an RBI analysis
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---------------------------------------------------------- Damage mechanisms is one
of the primary considerations in determining failure probability
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---------------------------------------------------------- Proper isolation valve
locations