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# EVAPORATOR

Pressure = 13 bar
mass flow rate = 2.22 kg/s
Tsat @ 13 bar = 191.6 deg C

Q = m x ∆h
Q= 4488 kW
Also,
Tg, out = 321 deg C

Q = UA(LMTD)

For LMTD,
Tg, in Tg,out Tw,in Tw,out Tg,in - Tw, out Tg,out - Tw, in

LN

0.219301

## GAS SIDE CALCULATIONS

Outer dia m 0.0508
Inner Dia m 0.043
c 0.229
m 0.632
Gmax 9
μ 2.99E-05
Pr 7.13E-01
Kgas 4.30E-02

Re^m 441.1263
Pr^1/3 0.893367

ho (W/m2K) 86.32

## WATER SIDE CALCULATION

Inside fouling factor Ri 0.0002
Outside fousing factor Ro 0.001
K metal W/m.K 48
Circulation ratio 4

vf (m3/kg) 1.14E-03
(rho)f 714.2

vg (m3/kg) 0.15
(rho)g 6.666667

## v (avg) m3/kg 0.030915

(rho)avg kg/m3 572.6933
velocity 5
μ 1.15E-04
Pr 0.994
K 0.543

## Reynold Number Re 1071619.38

Now,

Nuselt Nu 1530.08246

hi 19321.739

do/di 1.181395349
(1/ hi)(do/di) 4.380852E-05
Rfi (do/di) 0.000236279
do/2k.ln(do/di) 8.821009E-05
1/ho 0.0115848
Rfo 0.001

1/U 0.0129531

U W/m2K 77.2016094

A=Q/U*LMTD

Area A m2 356.109212

FRONTAL AREA
Aff = mg/Aff
Aff= (ST-do)Nw.L
Putting we get
mg/G = (ST-do)Nw.L
So,
Nw.L = mg/(ST-do).G

mg kg/s 49.86
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
G kg/m2s 9

Nw.L 55.84677

Area A = pi.do.L.Nw.Nh

Nh = A/pi.do.Nw.L

## 9 963.2879 107.0319889 10 10.7032

10 963.2879 96.32879 11 8.757163
10 963.2879 96.32879 12 8.027399
15 963.2879 64.21919333 20 3.21096
69.4306 963.2879 13.87411172 30 0.46247
50 963.2879 19.265758 50 0.385315
20 963.2879 48.164395 25 1.926576
25 963.2879 38.531516 20 1.926576
20 963.2879 48.164395 20 2.40822
25 963.2879 38.531516 25 1.541261
30 963.2879 32.10959667 30 1.07032
35 963.2879 27.52251143 35 0.786357
50 963.2879 19.265758 40 0.481644

## Gass mass Vel (G) Velocity V

123.5144 3.853650159
74.10866 2.312190095
148.2173 4.62438019
185.2716 5.780475238
185.2716 5.780475238
148.2173 4.62438019
123.5144 3.853650159
105.8695 3.303128707
92.63582 2.890237619
SPECIFICATIONS:
Nw 20 LMTD deg C 75.153
Nh 20 A m2 614.4231
V m/s 5.78 m/s U W/m2.K 255.12
L m 9.62
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
di m 0.04445
EVAPORATOR
Pressure = 13 bar
mass flow rate = 2.22 kg/s
Tsat @ 13 bar = 191.6 deg C

Q = m x ∆h
Q= 4488 kW
Also,
Tg, out = 321 deg C

Q = UA(LMTD)

For LMTD,
Tg, in Tg,out Tw,in Tw,out Tg,in - Tw, out Tg,out - Tw, in

LN

0.219301

## GAS SIDE CALCULATIONS

Outer dia m 0.0508
Inner Dia m 0.0488
c 0.229
m 0.632
Gmax 9
μ 2.99E-05
Pr 7.13E-01
Kgas 4.30E-02

Re^m 441.1263
Pr^1/3 0.893367

## Nusselt Nu 101.978 FLUE GAS FLOW

ho (W/m2K) 86.32
WATER SIDE CALCULATION
Inside fouling factor Ri 0.0002
Outside fousing factor Ro 0.001
K metal W/m.K 63.9
Circulation ratio 4

vf (m3/kg) 1.14E-03
(rho)f 714.2

vg (m3/kg) 0.15
(rho)g 6.666667

## v (avg) m3/kg 0.030915

(rho)avg kg/m3 572.6933
velocity 5
μ 1.15E-04
Pr 0.994
K 0.543

## Reynold Number Re 1216163.39

Now,

Nuselt Nu 1693.07396

hi 18838.9172

do/di 1.040983607
(1/ hi)(do/di) 5.525708E-05
Rfi (do/di) 0.000208197
do/2k.ln(do/di) 1.596584E-05
1/ho 0.0115848
Rfo 0.001

1/U 0.01286422

U W/m2K 77.7349901

A=Q/U*LMTD
Area A m2 353.665759

FRONTAL AREA
Aff = mg/Aff

Aff= (ST-do)Nw.L
Putting we get
mg/G = (ST-do)Nw.L
So,
Nw.L = mg/(ST-do).G

mg kg/s 83.5
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
G kg/m2s 9

Nw.L 93.52599

Area A = pi.do.L.Nw.Nh

Nh = A/pi.do.Nw.L

## 9 2216.96 246.3288889 10 24.63289

10 2216.96 221.696 11 20.15418
10 2216.96 221.696 12 18.47467
15 2216.96 147.7973333 20 7.389867
20 2216.96 110.848 30 3.694933
50 2216.96 44.3392 50 0.886784
20 2216.96 110.848 25 4.43392
25 2216.96 88.6784 20 4.43392
20 2216.96 110.848 20 5.5424
25 2216.96 88.6784 25 3.547136
30 2216.96 73.89866667 30 2.463289
35 2216.96 63.34171429 35 1.809763
50 2216.96 44.3392 40 1.10848

## Gass mass Vel (G) Velocity V

370.5433 11.56095048
336.8575 10.50995498
308.7861 9.634125397
185.2716 5.780475238
123.5144 3.853650159
74.10866 2.312190095
148.2173 4.62438019
185.2716 5.780475238
185.2716 5.780475238
148.2173 4.62438019
123.5144 3.853650159
105.8695 3.303128707
92.63582 2.890237619

SPECIFICATIONS:
Nw 20 LMTD deg C 75.153
Nh 20 A m2 614.4231
V m/s 5.78 m/s U W/m2.K 255.12
L m 9.62
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
di m 0.04445
EVAPORATOR
Pressure = 13 bar
mass flow rate = 2.22 kg/s
Tsat @ 13 bar = 191.6 deg C

Q = m x ∆h
Q= 4488 kW
Also,
Tg, out = 321 deg C

Q = UA(LMTD)

For LMTD,
Tg, in Tg,out Tw,in Tw,out Tg,in - Tw, out Tg,out - Tw, in

LN

0.219301

## GAS SIDE CALCULATIONS

Outer dia m 0.04445
Inner Dia m 0.04245
c 0.229
m 0.632
Gmax 9
μ 2.99E-05
Pr 7.13E-01
Kgas 4.30E-02

ho (W/m2K) 114.8

## WATER SIDE CALCULATION

Inside fouling factor Ri 0.0002
Outside fousing factor Ro 0.001
K metal W/m.K 63.9
Circulation ratio 4
vf (m3/kg) 1.14E-03
(rho)f 714.2

vg (m3/kg) 0.15
(rho)g 6.666667

## v (avg) m3/kg 0.030915

(rho)avg kg/m3 572.6933
velocity 5
μ 1.15E-04
Pr 0.994
K 0.543

hi 20000

do/di 1.047114252
(1/ hi)(do/di) 5.235571E-05
Rfi (do/di) 0.000209423
do/2k.ln(do/di) 1.601245E-05
1/ho 0.008710801
Rfo 0.001

1/U 0.00998859

U W/m2K 100.114206

A=Q/U*LMTD

Area A m2 274.608423

FRONTAL AREA
Aff = mg/Aff

Aff= (ST-do)Nw.L
Putting we get
mg/G = (ST-do)Nw.L
So,
Nw.L = mg/(ST-do).G
mg kg/s 49.86
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
G kg/m2s 9

Nw.L 55.84677

Area A = pi.do.L.Nw.Nh

Nh = A/pi.do.Nw.L

## 9 963.2879 107.0319889 10 10.7032

10 963.2879 96.32879 11 8.757163
10 963.2879 96.32879 12 8.027399
15 963.2879 64.21919333 20 3.21096
69.4306 963.2879 13.87411172 30 0.46247
50 963.2879 19.265758 50 0.385315
20 963.2879 48.164395 25 1.926576
25 963.2879 38.531516 20 1.926576
20 963.2879 48.164395 20 2.40822
25 963.2879 38.531516 25 1.541261
30 963.2879 32.10959667 30 1.07032
35 963.2879 27.52251143 35 0.786357
50 963.2879 19.265758 40 0.481644

## Gass mass Vel (G) Velocity V

123.5144 3.853650159
74.10866 2.312190095
148.2173 4.62438019
185.2716 5.780475238
185.2716 5.780475238
148.2173 4.62438019
123.5144 3.853650159
105.8695 3.303128707
92.63582 2.890237619
SPECIFICATIONS:
Nw 20 LMTD deg C 75.153
Nh 20 A m2 614.4231
V m/s 5.78 m/s U W/m2.K 255.12
L m 9.62
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
di m 0.04445
EVAPORATOR
Pressure = 13 bar
mass flow rate = 2.22 kg/s
Tsat @ 13 bar = 191.6 deg C

Q = m x ∆h
Q= 4488 kW
Also,
Tg, out = 321 deg C

Q = UA(LMTD)

For LMTD,
Tg, in Tg,out Tw,in Tw,out Tg,in - Tw, out Tg,out - Tw, in

LN

0.24849

## GAS SIDE CALCULATIONS

Outer dia m 0.0508
Inner Dia m 0.043
c 0.229
m 0.632
Gmax 9
μ 2.99E-05
Pr 7.13E-01
Kgas 4.30E-02

Re^m 441.1263
Pr^1/3 0.893367

## Nusselt Nu 101.978 FLUE GAS FLOW

ho (W/m2K) 86.32
WATER SIDE CALCULATION
Inside fouling factor Ri 0.0002
Outside fousing factor Ro 0.001
K metal W/m.K 42
Circulation ratio 4

vf (m3/kg) 1.14E-03
(rho)f 714.2

vg (m3/kg) 0.15
(rho)g 6.666667

## v (avg) m3/kg 0.030915

(rho)avg kg/m3 572.6933
velocity 5
μ 1.15E-04
Pr 0.994
K 0.543

## Reynold Number Re 1071619.38

Now,

Nuselt Nu 1530.08246

hi 19321.739

do/di 1.181395349
(1/ hi)(do/di) 6.114332E-05
Rfi (do/di) 0.000236279
do/2k.ln(do/di) 0.000100812
1/ho 0.0115848
Rfo 0.001

1/U 0.01298303

U W/m2K 77.0235981

A=Q/U*LMTD
Area A m2 361.973865

FRONTAL AREA
Aff = mg/Aff

Aff= (ST-do)Nw.L
Putting we get
mg/G = (ST-do)Nw.L
So,
Nw.L = mg/(ST-do).G

mg kg/s 49.86
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
G kg/m2s 9

Nw.L 55.84677

Area A = pi.do.L.Nw.Nh

Nh = A/pi.do.Nw.L

## 9 963.2879 107.0319889 10 10.7032

10 963.2879 96.32879 11 8.757163
10 963.2879 96.32879 12 8.027399
15 963.2879 64.21919333 20 3.21096
69.4306 963.2879 13.87411172 30 0.46247
50 963.2879 19.265758 50 0.385315
20 963.2879 48.164395 25 1.926576
25 963.2879 38.531516 20 1.926576
20 963.2879 48.164395 20 2.40822
25 963.2879 38.531516 25 1.541261
30 963.2879 32.10959667 30 1.07032
35 963.2879 27.52251143 35 0.786357
50 963.2879 19.265758 40 0.481644

## Gass mass Vel (G) Velocity V

123.5144 3.853650159
74.10866 2.312190095
148.2173 4.62438019
185.2716 5.780475238
185.2716 5.780475238
148.2173 4.62438019
123.5144 3.853650159
105.8695 3.303128707
92.63582 2.890237619

SPECIFICATIONS:
Nw 20 LMTD deg C 75.153
Nh 20 A m2 614.4231
V m/s 5.78 m/s U W/m2.K 255.12
L m 9.62
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
di m 0.04445
EVAPORATOR
Pressure = 13 bar
mass flow rate = 2.22 kg/s
Tsat @ 13 bar = 191.6 deg C

Q = m x ∆h
Q= 4488 kW
Also,
Tg, out = 321 deg C

Q = UA(LMTD)

For LMTD,
Tg, in Tg,out Tw,in Tw,out Tg,in - Tw, out Tg,out - Tw, in

LN

0.24849

## GAS SIDE CALCULATIONS

Outer dia m 0.0508
Inner Dia m 0.0488
c 0.229
m 0.632
Gmax 9
μ 2.99E-05
Pr 7.13E-01
Kgas 4.30E-02

Re^m 441.1263
Pr^1/3 0.893367

## Nusselt Nu 101.978 FLUE GAS FLOW

ho (W/m2K) 86.32
WATER SIDE CALCULATION
Inside fouling factor Ri 0.0002
Outside fousing factor Ro 0.001
K metal W/m.K 63.9
Circulation ratio 4

vf (m3/kg) 1.14E-03
(rho)f 714.2

vg (m3/kg) 0.15
(rho)g 6.666667

## v (avg) m3/kg 0.030915

(rho)avg kg/m3 572.6933
velocity 5
μ 1.15E-04
Pr 0.994
K 0.543

## Reynold Number Re 1216163.39

Now,

Nuselt Nu 1693.07396

hi 18838.9172

do/di 1.040983607
(1/ hi)(do/di) 5.525708E-05
Rfi (do/di) 0.000208197
do/2k.ln(do/di) 1.596584E-05
1/ho 0.0115848
Rfo 0.001

1/U 0.01286422

U W/m2K 77.7349901

A=Q/U*LMTD
Area A m2 358.66126

FRONTAL AREA
Aff = mg/Aff

Aff= (ST-do)Nw.L
Putting we get
mg/G = (ST-do)Nw.L
So,
Nw.L = mg/(ST-do).G

mg kg/s 83.5
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
G kg/m2s 9

Nw.L 93.52599

Area A = pi.do.L.Nw.Nh

Nh = A/pi.do.Nw.L

## 9 2216.96 246.3288889 10 24.63289

10 2216.96 221.696 11 20.15418
10 2216.96 221.696 12 18.47467
15 2216.96 147.7973333 20 7.389867
20 2216.96 110.848 30 3.694933
50 2216.96 44.3392 50 0.886784
20 2216.96 110.848 25 4.43392
25 2216.96 88.6784 20 4.43392
20 2216.96 110.848 20 5.5424
25 2216.96 88.6784 25 3.547136
30 2216.96 73.89866667 30 2.463289
35 2216.96 63.34171429 35 1.809763
50 2216.96 44.3392 40 1.10848

## Gass mass Vel (G) Velocity V

370.5433 11.56095048
336.8575 10.50995498
308.7861 9.634125397
185.2716 5.780475238
123.5144 3.853650159
74.10866 2.312190095
148.2173 4.62438019
185.2716 5.780475238
185.2716 5.780475238
148.2173 4.62438019
123.5144 3.853650159
105.8695 3.303128707
92.63582 2.890237619

SPECIFICATIONS:
Nw 20 LMTD deg C 75.153
Nh 20 A m2 614.4231
V m/s 5.78 m/s U W/m2.K 255.12
L m 9.62
ST m 0.15
do m 0.0508
di m 0.04445