Sie sind auf Seite 1von 10

Class 12BiologyTest Environmental Issues www.AhaGuru.

com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12 2019-2020
Date: 18-12-2019

Name:
Write your answer in the boxes provided.
Test Time: 120 minutes
Mobile No:

1. Black foot disease is caused due to ___________.

(A) Cadmium (B) Arsenic


(C) fluoride (D) Lead

2. The highest DDT concentration in aquatic food chain shall occur


in ___________.

(A) crab (B) eel


(C) phytoplankton (D) seagull

3. A lake which is rich in organic waste may result in__________.

(A) Increased population of fish due to lots of nutrients.


(B) Mortality of fish due to lack of oxygen
(C) Increased population of aquatic organisms due to
minerals
(D) Drying of the lake due to algal bloom

4. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) may not be a good index for


pollution for water bodies receiving effluents from ______________.

(A) Petroleum industry (B) Sugar industry


(C) Domestic sewage (D) Dairy industry

5. Which the following are most suitable indicator of SO 2 pollution


in the environment?

(A) Fungi
(B) Lichens
(C) Conifers
(D) Algae
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

6. Increase in concentration of the toxicant at successive trophic


levels is known as ____.

(A) Biogeochemical cycling (B) Biomagnification


(C) Biodeterioration (D) Biotransformation

7. Acid rain is caused by increase in the atmospheric


concentration of __________.

(A) O3 and dust (B) SO2 and NO2


(C) SO3 and CO (D) CO2 and CO

8. Eutrophication of water bodies leading to killing of fishes is


mainly due to non-availability of _______.

(A) oxygen (B) food


(C) light (D) essential minerals

9. The Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act came into force
in ______________.

(A) 1975 (B) 1981


(C) 1985 (D) 1990

10. Global warming can be controlled by____________.

(A) Reducing deforestation, cutting down use of fossil fuel


(B) Reducing reforestation, increasing the use of fossil fuel
(C) Increasing deforestation, slowing down the growth of
human population
(D) Increasing deforestation, reducing efficiency of energy
usage
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

11. Kyoto Protocol was endorsed at

(A) CoP-3 (B) CoP-5


(C) CoP-6 (D) CoP-4

12. CFC is responsible for....

(A) Acid rain (B) Ozone layer depletion


(C) Global warming (D) Thermal inversion

13. Appropriate measures to reduce overall greenhouse gas


emissions are commitments of __________

(A) Kyoto Protocol (B) Montreal Protocol


(C) Environment Act (D) Earth Summit

14. Spraying of DDT produces pollution of __________________

(A) Air (B) Air and water


(C) Air and soil (D) Air, water and soil

15. dB is standard abbreviation used for the quantitative


expression of:

(A) A particular pollutant


(B) The dominant Bacillus in a culture
(C) A certain pesticide
(D) The destiny of bacteria in a medium

16. Greenhouse effect is related to _____________.

(A) Increased growth of green algae


(B) Global warming
(C) Cultivation of vegetables in house
(D) Development of terrace gardens
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

17. Sulphur dioxide affects

(A) Cell wall (B) Plasmodesmata


(C) All membrane systems (D) Nucleus

18. The common indicator of water pollution is ____________.

(A) Entamoeba histolytica (B) Vibrio cholera


(C) Escherichia coli (D) Spirogyra

19. Most hazardous metal pollutant of the automobile exhaust is


__________.

(A) Mercury (B) Cadmium


(C) Lead (D) Copper

20. World ozone day is ___________.

(A) September 16 (B) December 1


(C) October 7 (D) June 28

21. Montreal Protocol aims at ____________.

(A) Reduction of CO2 emission


(B) Reduction of ODS
(C) Reduction of NO2 emission
(D) Reduction of Biomagnification

22. Ocean Acidification is the release of ___________ in the


environment.

(A) Sulphur dioxide (B) Phosphorus


(C) Carbon dioxide (D) Calcium carbonate
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

23. Particulate matter of which size causes greatest harm to human


health?

(A) 2.5 micrometer or less in diameter


(B) More than 2.5 micrometer
(C) More than 3.5 micrometer
(D) Less than3.5 micrometer

24. To safeguard our water resource the amendment was passed in


the year.

(A) 1974 (B) 1981


(C) 1986 (D) 1987

25. By which method large numbers of particles of pollutants are


separated?

(A) Cyclone collector


(B) Porous filter
(C) Electro static precipitator
(D) by using solvent

26. Which gas is responsible for increase in atmosphere temperature?

(A) NO2 (B) CO2


(C) SO2 (D) CO

27. Which is the native place of Bishnoi community?

(A) Bikaner (B) Jodhpur


(C) Jamshedpur (D) Jaipur

28. Thinning of egg shell and their premature breaking is due to

(A) Eutrophication (B) Global warming


(C) Greenhouse effect (D) Bio-magnification
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

29. In which sphere of atmosphere the ozone layer is seen?

(A) Troposphere (B) Stratosphere


(C) Homosphere (D) Thermosphere

30. Chernobyl nuclear tragedy occurred in _________.

(A) April 1986 (B) June 1981


(C) December 2015 (D) September 1984

31. Black lung diseases are common in _______________.

(A) Silica workers


(B) Nuclear power plant workers
(C) Coal workers
(D) Working in petrochemical industries

32. High BOD indicates ___________.

(A) Low pollution in water (B) High pollution in water


(C) less sewage (D) less microorganisms

33. More amount of CO2 is evolved from __________.

(A) Plants (B) Animals


(C) Ocean (D) Forests

34. Fluoride pollution affects __________

(A) Lungs (B) Heart


(C) Teeth (D) Kidney

35. Pollutant that is responsible of acid rain formation is _________.

(A) Nitrous oxide (B) Carbon monoxide


(C) Nitrates and nitrites (D) Methane
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

36. Enzymatic filters are used to remove ___________.

(A) Nitrous oxide (B) Sulphur compounds


(C) Lead and mercury (D) Hydrocarbons

37. Green muffler is related to ___________.

(A) Soil pollution (B) Water pollution


(C) Noise pollution (D) Land pollution

38. Peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) is _________________.

(A) Primary pollutant (B) Secondary pollutant


(C) Tertiary pollutant (D) Quaternary pollutant

39. The catalytic converter converts carbon monoxide and nitric


oxide _________.

(A) Carbon dioxide and nitrogen


(B) Carbon and nitrous oxide
(C) Oxygen, carbon and nitrogen
(D) Carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide

40. Air Quality Index (AQI) that indicates unhealthy for sensitive
group is ___________.

(A) 151 – 200 (B) 101 – 150


(C) 201 – 300 (D) 51- 100

41. Warm water released from thermal power plants contains


_____________.

(A) Less CO2 (B) Less O2


(C) More Hard water (D) Less Hydrogen
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

42. Which one among is not the way to control water pollution?

(A) Growing of water Hyacinth


(B) Ion exchange
(C) Reverse osmosis
(D) Desalination

43. The primary effect of noise pollution is __________.

(A) Headache (B) Stress


(C) Migraine (D) Breaking of ear drum

44. Sound waves of decibels causes damage to ear drum or


permanently impair hearing?

(A) 150 db or more (B) 120 db or more


(C) More than 80 db (D) 110db

45. What should be the forest cover recommended by National Forest


policy (1988)?

(A) 33% for the plains , 67% for the hills


(B) 40% for the plains , 60% for the hills
(C) 24% for the plains, 76% for the hills
(D) 23% for the plains,77% for the hills

46. Deforestation may reduce the chances of ____________.

(A) Rainfall (B) Frequent cyclones


(C) Erosion of surface soil (D) Frequent landslide

47. When huge amount of sewage is dumped in a river the BOD will
_______.

(A) Increases (B) Decreases


(C) Unaltered (D) Drastic decrease
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

48. Joint forest management concept was introduced in the year


_________.

(A) 1972 (B) 1981


(C) 1980 (D) 1998

49. World summit of sustainable development (2002) was held at


_______.

(A) Brazil (B) Argentina


(C) Sweden (D) South Africa

50. The “blue boy syndrome” results from __________.

(A) Methaemoglobin (B) Excess of fluoride


(C) Excess of chloride (D) None of the above

51. Ozone in stratosphere extends ___________.

(A) 15 – 20 km (B) 20 – 25 km
(C) 25 – 30 km (D) 30 - 35 km

52. Rain is called acid rain when the hydrogen ion concentration is
less than _____.

(A) 7 (B) 7.2


(C) 6 (D) 5.6

53. Skeletal fluorosis is caused due to ___________.

(A) Cadmium (B) Arsenic


(C) fluoride (D) Lead

54. The most abundant Green-house gas in Earth’s atmosphere is


__________

(A) CO2 (B) Methane


(C) NO (D) Water vapour
Class 12BiologyTest www.AhaGuru.com
Paul vinotha rajan
TS19.B12.12

55. Which one of the following is a useful biological indicator of


sulphur dioxide pollution?

(A) Algae (B) Eichhornia


(C) Pseudomonas (D) Lichens

56. The other name of Earth Summit is _________.

(A) Geneva summit (B) Agra summit


(C) Rio summit (D) Parris summit

57. The world first green-house gas monitoring satellite is __________.

(A) PSLV (B) Ibuki


(C) Jason – 1 (D) NPOESS

58. The convention of Biological diversity is also denoted by ________.

(A) COP 10 (B) COP 13


(C) COP 17 (D) COP 7

59. In which of the following date the world water day is observed ?

(A) June 28th (B) August 30th


(C) April 1st (D) March 22nd

60. “Nagoya protocol” is related with ___________.

(A) Global warming (B) Ozone depletion


(C) Biodiversity (D) Oil spills