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6/8/2019 VRF or VRV ?

Learn About The Differences And VRF System Design

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VRV or VRF ?
e. info@coolauto
(mailto:info@coo
International +4
What’s the di erence between VRV and (tel:+44-20-3286

VRF?
COOL NEWSL
Many people who ask this question, mistakenly interpret it as 2
di erent HVAC technologies. Actually, those are two di erent First Name
terms for the same type of HVAC technology. Based on Inverter
technology compressors, the rst VRV HVAC systems were Last Name
 invented by Daikin during the early 1980’s. As a technology leader 
in the HVAC industry, Daikin had registered the VRV term (which Email
stands for Variable Refrigerant Volume1) as an o cial trademark.
All other companies use VRF (Variable Refrigerant Flow2) for their Sub
similar HVAC systems. Eventually, VRF is the more common term
for these types of systems, and this is the term that will be used
for the rest of the article. HQ Israel
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6/8/2019 VRF or VRV ? Learn About The Differences And VRF System Design

It can easily be related to as the “Rolls Royce” of Air Conditioning


Systems. It’s a very sophisticated technological air conditioning
system, based on several principles:

1. Refrigerant only – where refrigerant is the only coolant


material in the system (in contrary to the chilled water
systems, where refrigerant is used for cooling/heating the
water that is circulated throughout the whole system).
2. Inverter compressors that allow lowering power
consumption with partial cooling/heating loads.
3. Several air handlers (indoor units) on the same refrigerant
loop / circuit.
4. Ability of modular expansion (especially applicable for large
projects, that can grow in stages).

Typical VRF system structure


 A typical system consists of an outdoor unit (comprising one or 
multiple compressors), several indoor units (often and mistakenly
called “fan coils”), refrigerant piping, running from the outdoor to
all indoors, using Refnet Joints (copper distributors in pipes) and
communication wiring.

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6/8/2019 VRF or VRV ? Learn About The Differences And VRF System Design

Communication wiring consists of a 2 wired cable, chained from


the outdoor to all indoors, creating an internal closed loop
network, that is an essential part of any VRF installation.
 
As for the Control, each indoor is controlled by its own wired
control panel, while there are some possibilities for wireless
remotes (IR) and centralized controllers, enabling controlling all
indoors from one location.

How does VRF HVAC work? Was this article useful?

The operation logic of the VRF is fully built-in inside the system
Yes
and is proprietary for each  VRF manufacturer. The system gets
inputs from the user (e.g. desired comfort temperature)
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not)
the surroundings (outside ambient temperature), and according
to that data it implements its logic in order toNotget
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6/8/2019 VRF or VRV ? Learn About The Differences And VRF System Design

The ability to adjust itself to the outdoor conditions is one of the


main factors that makes these systems so e cient, compared to
the traditional water cooled systems, based on chillers and fan
coils.

Now, let’s dive in, and see how it works in details. Let’s take
as an example a typical VRF installation, with one outdoor
unit and multiple indoors.

At the beginning, the system is in standstill condition (everything


is turned o ).

Once a user turns one of the indoors “ON” by its local remote, the
outdoor “gets noted” regarding it, and starts working. At this
point, it will examine the outdoor conditions (temperature), the
operating indoor requirements (operation mode, set point
temperature), and will operate the compressor at the exact level,
required to comply with the indoor requirements.

When another indoor unit is turned on, the outdoor recalculates


the requirements from all the indoors, and will increase the
 compressor’s output, according to the required level of demand. 

This process is constantly occurring with any change, performed


in the HVAC system.  As described, this system is fully automatic,
and regulates its power consumption based on the demand
arriving from the indoor units and outside prevailing conditions.
User can have in uence on the desired indoor comfort
conditions, modifying: Operation mode (on/o ), Operation state
(Cool/Heat/Fan/Dry/Auto), setpoint temperature, Was fan this
speedarticle useful?

(high/medium/low/auto). Controlling those parameters is the only


Yes
thing required for proper operation, and the only thing that is
required for proper integration with the VRF system.
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6/8/2019 VRF or VRV ? Learn About The Differences And VRF System Design

Cooling only systems (less popular) – those systems can only


cool. Heating is not available. Fan and Dry modes are available for
each indoor unit independently.

Heat Pump systems (most popular) – all the indoor units can
either heat, or cool (not at the same time). Fan and Dry modes
are available for each indoor unit independently.

Heat Recovery systems (less popular) – those systems are the


most sophisticated ones, where cooling and heating may be
available by each indoor unit, independently, at the same time.

Have any questions ?


Want to learn more about how to integrate HVAC
systems? drop us a line at info@coolautomation.com
(mailto:info@coolautomation.com)

 

Footnotes

1. http://www.daikin.com/products/ac/lineup/vrv/
(http://www.daikin.com/products/ac/lineup/vrv/)
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable_refrigerant_ ow
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable_refrigerant_ ow)
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