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1 DESIGN OF PENSTOCK ANCHOR BLOCK

2 Full Reservoir Level = 757.72 m

= 91.75 1
3 C/L of turbine m

4 Max. Static head = 665.97 m

5 Max. water hammer head (15%of total head at turbine) = 99.896 m

6 Chainage at surge shaft = 645.218 m

7 Total length of penstock = 2044.782 m

8 Water hammer head per m of penstock = 0.049


9 Maximum surge level 772.000 m

10 Unit weight of steel = 78.5 KN/m 3

11 Unit weight of water = 9.81 KN/m 3

12 Unit weight of concrete = 25 KN/m 3

13 Discharge = 20.5 m 3/s

14 Accln. Due to gravity = 9.81 m/s2

15 Inside diameter of penstock = 1.97 m

16 Thickness of pipe = 0.012 m

17 Cross sectional area of pipe at anchor = 3.048 m2

18 C/L of penstock at anchor block considered = 699.000 m

19 Chainage of anchor block considered = 805.000 m

20 Ground level at anchor block location 700.000 m

21 Foundation level = 679.000 m

22 Safe Bearing Pressure on rock = 1000.000 KN/m 2

23 Allowable tensile stress ( 1% of fck ) = 200.000 KN/m 2

24 Deflection angle (In plan) = 0.000 deg

25 Length to anchor block from Surge shaft = 159.782 m

26 Design head at anchor block = 73.000 m

27 Coeficient of friction of rocker supports = 0.15


28 Velocity = 6.726 m/s
29 Packing length of expansion joint = 0.4 m
30 Coeff. of friction between packing & liner = 0.5
31 Friction of expansion joint per m of circumference = 214.839 KN/m
32 ( 1.5 x  x ww x Han x e)

33 U/S
34 Slope angle u/s of anchor block = 0 deg
35 Chainage of u/s anchor block 730
36 Length to expansion joint = 73 m
37 Dead weight of pipe from anchor uphill to expansion joint = 428.168 KN
38 Weight of water in pipe = 2182.737 KN
39 Spacing of rocker supports = 15 m
40 Internal dia of pipe u/s of reducer = m
41 Cross sectional area of pipe above upper reducer = 3.048 m2
42 Internal dia of pipe at location of expansion joint = 1.97 m
43 Thickness of pipe at location of expansion joint = 0.012 m
2

44 Cross sectional area of pipe shell at uphill = 0.075 m2


45 expansion joint
46 Weight of pipe & contained water from anchor to = 536.487 KN
47 adjacent uphill pier
48 D/S
49 Slope angle d/s of anchor block = 0 deg
50 Length to expansion joint = 2 m
51 Dead weight of pipe from anchor downhill to expansion joint = 11.731 KN
52 Weight of water in pipe = 59.801 KN
53 Spacing of rocker supports = 15 m
54 Internal dia of pipe d/s of reducer = m
55 Cross sectional area of pipe below lower reducer = 3.048 m2
56 Internal dia of pipe at location of expansion joint = 1.97 m
57 Thickness of pipe at location of expansion joint = 0.012 m
58 Cross sectional area of pipe shell at downhill = 0.075 m2
59 expansion joint
60 Weight of pipe & contained water from anchor to = 71.532 KN
61 adjacent uphill pier
62
63 CALCULATION OF FORCES ON ANCHOR BLOCK
64 Hydrostatic force acting along axis of pipe on each side of bend
65 ww x A x Han = 2182.737 KN
66 Dynamic force acting against outside of bend
67 = 137.879 KN
68 Force due to dead weight of pipe from anchor uphill to expansion joint tending to slide
69 downhill over rocker supports
70 = 0.000 KN
71 Force due to dead weight of pipe from anchor downhill to expansion joint tending to slide
72 downhill over rocker supports
73 = 0.000 KN
3

74 Sliding friction of pipe on rocker supports due to expansion or contraction uphill from anchor
75 = 351.399 KN
76 Sliding friction of pipe on rocker supports due to expansion or contraction downhill from anchor
77 = 0.000 KN
78 Sliding friction of uphill expansion joint
79 = 1345.784 KN
80 Sliding friction of downhill expansion joint
81 = 1345.784 KN
82 Hydrostatic pressure on exposed end of the pipe in uphill expansion joint
83 = 53.507 KN
84 Hydrostatic pressure on exposed end of the pipe in downhill expansion joint
85 = 53.507 KN
86 Longitudinal force due to reducer above anchor
87 = 0.000 KN
88 Longitudinal force due to reducer below anchor
89 = 0.000 KN
90
91 Expanding Condition
92 Uphill of anchor
93 = 4071.306 KN
94 Horizontal component = 4071.306 KN
95 Vertical component = 0.000 KN
96 Thrust component = 0.000 KN
97 Downhill of anchor block
98 = 3719.907 KN
99 Horizontal component = -3719.907 KN
100 Vertical component = 0.000 KN
101 Thrust component = 0.000 KN
102 Net horizontal force = 351.399 KN
103 Net vertical force = 0.000 KN
104 Net thrust = 0.000 KN
105
106 Contracting Condition
107 Uphill of anchor
108 = 676.940 KN
109 Horizontal component = 676.940 KN
110 Vertical component = 0.000 KN
111 Thrust component = 0.000 KN
Downhill of anchor block 4
112
113 = 1028.339 KN
114 Horizontal component = -1028.339 KN
115 Vertical component = 0.000 KN
116 Thrust component = 0.000 KN
117 Net horizontal force = -351.399 KN
118 Net vertical force = 0.000 KN
119 Net thrust = 0.000 KN
120
121 Weight of penstock and contained water on the anchor block
122 = -339.775 KN
123
124 Earthquake forces
125 Zone III
126 Zone factor 0.160
127 Importance factor 1.500
128 Response reduction factor 1.500
129 Fundamental natural period of vibration
130 #DIV/0!
131 #DIV/0!
132 Subgrade type (Rock =I,medium=II,soft=III) I
133 Spectral acceleration coefficient for (I) = #DIV/0!
134 #DIV/0!
135 Spectral acceleration coefficient for (II) = FALSE
136 FALSE
137 Spectral acceleration coefficient (III) = FALSE
138 FALSE
139 Horizontal acceleration coefficient Ah=ZI(Sa/g)/2R
140 #DIV/0!
141 #DIV/0!
142 #DIV/0!
143 #DIV/0!
144
145 Wind forces
146 Design wind speed at any height 'Z' in m/s = 39 m/s
147 =

148 Probability factor = 1.06


149 =

150 Terrain, height & structure size factor = 0.91


151 Topography factor = 1.18
152 Design wind velocity in m/s at height 'Z'
5

153 = 44.391 m/s


154 Design Wind Pressure
155 = 1182.331 N/m2
156 Force Coefficient = 0.7
157 =
2
158 Exposed Surface area of penstock (m )
159 =

160 Length of penstock = = 75.000 m


161 Diameter of Penstock= = 1.970 m
162 Thickness of shell = = 0.012 m
163 = 149.55 m2
164 Wind force on penstock applied (y/n) = n
165 Cf x Ae X (Clause 6.3 of IS 875-Part-3) = 0 N
166 = 0 KN
167 Consider anchor block height above 1m below invert of penstock level
168 Consider z direction
169 = 0.000 m
170 Width of block = 0.0000 m
171 = -700.0000 m
172 = #DIV/0!
173 = #DIV/0!
174 (Refer IS875 part3,table (wind dir =0deg) = 0.9000
175 0.0000 KN
176 Wind force on anchor block(including penstock) = 0.00 KN
177
178 Consider x direction
179 (Refer IS875 part3,table (wind dir =90deg) = 0.9000
180 Wind force on anchor block(including penstock) 0.0000 KN
181 Elevation of resultant wind force = 350.0000 m
182