Air Traffic Control Common Phraseology

"Cleared to taxi" When told by ground control or tower that you are cleared to taxi, the controller has given you instruction to taxi along taxiway centerlines according to taxiway markings. It is important to repeat all controller instructions and runway crossing instructions, as you may be told to "hold short" of a specific runway and wait for further instructions. "Position and hold" The tower expects you to taxi onto runway centerline and maintain a stopped position while the aircraft in front of you gains separation or clears the runway. It is important that, prior to crossing the hold-short lines, you verify your instructions, verify runway of use, and scan extended final for traffic. "Cleared for takeoff" The tower controller is the only authority to clear you for takeoff at a controlled airfield. Repeat back your takeoff clearance and call sign, as well as scan final for traffic. The tower may request other specific instructions, so listen closely to your takeoff clearance. "Enter closed traffic" The tower has acknowledged the pilot's intention to perform successive operations involving takeoffs and landings or low approaches where the aircraft does not exit the traffic pattern. "Cleared for the option" When you are cleared for the option you have been given permission to either do a touch-and-go, make a low approach, missed approach, stop and go, or full-stop landing. If requesting this clearance, the pilot should do so upon establishing downwind on a VFR traffic pattern. "Cleared touch-and-go" When authorized by the tower, the touch-and-go procedure allows the pilot to land on the runway, reconfigure the airplane and perform a takeoff to re-enter the traffic pattern. If requesting this approach the pilot should do so upon establishing downwind on a VFR traffic pattern. "Cleared low approach" A low approach clearance allows the pilot to perform a simulated emergency landing or normal landing down to the runway environment (100' AGL) and then perform a go-around to re-enter or depart the pattern. If requesting this approach you should do so upon establishing downwind on a VFR traffic pattern. "Cleared stop-and-go" A stop-and-go clearance allows the pilot to land on the runway, come to a full stop, and then takeoff on the remaining length of runway. The pilot must be aware of runway lengths and takeoff distance requirements. This procedure can be beneficial in keeping costs lower when performing night currency. If requesting this clearance the pilot should do so upon establishing downwind on a VFR traffic pattern. "Cleared to land" When given clearance to land the tower has authorized you to land on the runway in use. The phrase "cleared to land" gives you immediate use of that runway, unless the tower advises that you are in sequence for landing ("number two to land, number three, etc..."). After advising approach or tower that you are inbound for landing at your destination you do not have to make any further request for clearance to land. "Land-and-hold-short" The land-and-hold-short procedure requires the pilot to perform an accurate landing on the runway so that the pilot can stop the aircraft before reaching an intersecting runway, intersecting taxiway, or construction area. If you are unable to comply with landand-hold-short operations, you may request clearance for a different runway. "Make Short Approach" Used by ATC to have a pilot to alter their traffic pattern so as to make a short final approach. If unable to execute a short approach, simply tell the ATC so. "Parking with me" Under normal conditions you would exit the runway at the first available taxiway, stop the aircraft after clearing the runway, and call ground control for instructions if you have not already received them. If the controller says "parking with me", he or she has given you clearance to taxi to your destination.

landing. This helps the controller to confirm an aircraft identity and position. "Go around" Pilots receiving this transmission should abandon their approach to landing. "Frequency change approved" You've reached the edge of the controller's airspace and may change your radio to your next frequency. AIM . Additional instructions from ATC may then follow.Above Ground Level. and direction. . In all likelyhood you're going to have a long final. AI . "Proceed direct" You may turn to the direct heading of your destination (often followed by this heading). You should report altitude. VFR aircraft executing a go around should overfly the runway while climbing to pattern altitude.The movable areas of a wingform that control or affect the roll of an aircraft by working opposite one another-up-aileron on the right wing and down-aileron on the left wing..Airman's Information Manual . Keep course and scan for other traffic.Referring to the rear of the aircraft. Shows the roll and pitch of the aircraft. "Extend Downwind" While this may seem obvious. Aileron . ADF . AFCS . ADI . ATC issues individual squawk codes to all aircraft within radar service in order to differentiate traffic." Usually followed by the direction and distance of the traffic.A primary FAA publication whose purpose is to instruct airmen about operating in the US airspace system. the controller wants you to continue straight on your downwind until he or she tells you to turn base (often followed by "I'll call your base"). For example: "8081G is five miles southwest of the airport at one thousand two hundred feet" "Expedite" ATC would like you to hurry up whatever it is that you're doing.. Displays the aircraft's altitude above sea level. then enter the traffic pattern by way of the crosswind leg. or taxiing to your destination. climbing. you should immediately scan for it with "Looking for traffic" and report back to the controller whether you have the aircraft in sight or not. Usually used by ATC once you've been vectored clear of other traffic in the area.Automatic flight control system that provides inputs to the fight controls to assist the pilot in maneuvering and handling the aircraft. Air Terms and Aviation Glossary AGL . distance. "Watch for Traffic. "Squawk" Followed by a squawk code or function button on the transponder. "Ident" ATC request for a pilot to use his aircraft transponder identification feature (usually an IDENT button). Unless otherwise instructed. descending."Caution: wake turbulence" This call from ATC advises the pilot of the potential for encountering wake turbulence from departing or arriving aircraft. and differentiated from MSL.Attitude direction indicator.Altitude indicator. "Report position" The controller wants to pinpoint your position relative to the airport.Automatic Direction Finding via automated radio. taking off. as a measurement of altitude above a specific land mass. AFT .

Height of an aircraft.Automated Terminal Information Service usually containing vital information on wind direction. cowlings. ATC . Different from ground speed.Air Data Computer . strobe lights. ALT .The barometric pressure reading used to adjust a pressure altimeter for variations in existing atmospheric pressure.Aircraft Identification. As opposed to ETD (Estimated Time of Departure) used in filing a flight plan.A primary sensor-based navigation data source. APP . Equipment that determines bearing to a radio station.Aeronautical Information Service.The speed of an aircraft relative to its surrounding air mass. nacelles. Autopilot . ATA . Airspeed . AGR .Aircraft Operator. and active runway assignment for that particular airport.A method of an automatic flight control system which controls primary flight controls to meet specific mission requirements.Automatic Direction Finding .Actual Time of Departure. booms.The recommended speed contained in aircraft manuals used by pilots when making an approach to landing. . AO . roll.The primary aircraft angles in the state vector. ARCID . fairings. Angle of Attack .Air Traffic Control .Approach (Control). Annual . Airframe .An onboard instrument which senses air pressure in order to gauge altitude. See: calibrated airspeed. and expeditious flow of air traffic.Actual Time of Arrival. Usually a teardrop shape. Attitude . Altitude .Approach light system. usually with respect to the terrain below.Short term for Altitude. or a combination of the two that extends outward from the runway end. velocity. orderly.A service operated by the appropriate authority to promote the safe.Mandatory inspection of airframe and power plant that occurs every 12 months. ATD .The angle between the chord line of the wing of an aircraft and the relative wind. Altimeter . Airspeed Indicator . true airspeed.An onboard instrument which registers velocity through the air.Straight-line distance from the aircraft to a point on the ground. Attitude Indicator . and airfoil surfaces of an aircraft.The fuselage. ALS . Airfoil . ATIS .A basic guidance mode.Air-Ground Ranging .ADC . and yaw. usually in knots. pressure readings. pitch. AOPA . AIS . A lighting system installed on the approach end of an airport runway and consists of a series of lightbars. Altimeter Setting . ADF . Approach Speed .The shape of the wing when looking at its profile. indicated airspeed.A vacuum powered instrument which displays pitch and roll movement about the lateral and longitudinal axes. providing lateral guidance to a radio station. As opposed to ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) used in filing a flight plan.Aircraft Owner and Pilot's Association.

Autorotation . Directional Gyro . AVGAS .Ceiling and Visibility Unlimited. maintenance. the static balance point.A panel instrument providing a gyroscopic reading of an aircraft's compass heading.A rudder-controlled yawing motion to compensate for a crosswind in maintaining a desired flight path.Descending flight with engine and propeller stopped. B. FAR .Fixed-Base Operator. FSS.The weight of an engine exclusive of any fuel.Clear Air Turbulance. as well as its groundspeed and time to/from the station.Calibrated Airspeed . Bernoulli Effect . The CTAF may be a UNICOM.The convex or concave curvature of an airfoil." or "obscured".The error of a Magnetic Compass due to inherent magnetic influences in the structure and equipment of an aircraft. and advancing that position based upon known speed. and coolant.The heights above the earth's surface of the lowest layer of clouds or obscuring phenomena that is reported as "broken.Airflow over the upper surface of an airfoil causes suction (lift) because the airstream has been speeded up in relation to positive pressure of the airflow on the lower surface." "overcast. Multicom. elapsed time. CAT . CAS is equal to true airspeed in standard atmosphere at sea level. CAS . CAVU . Chord . flight training.Aviation Gasoline (piston aircraft fuel).Estimated time of departure. Dead Reckoning . D.The measurable distance between the leading and trailing edges of a wingform. corrected for position and instrument error. . FBO . oil. and other services at an airport. Deadstick . Deviation (Magnetic) . CG . or tower frequency and is identified in appropriate aeronautical publications. and course. C.The process of estimating one's current position based upon a previously determined position. Controlled Airspace . a radio navigation device that determines an aircraft's distance from a given ground station.Distance Measuring Equipment. Ceiling .A stall in the takeoff configuration with power. DME . and E airspace. CTAF . Crabbing .Estimated time of arrival. the fixed part being the Stabilzer. Elevator . A commercial operator supplying fuel.The indicated airspeed of an aircraft. Camber . Drag .An airspace of defined dimensions within which air traffic control service is provided to IFR flights and to VFR flights in accordance with the airspace classification. ETD .The resisting force exerted on an aircraft in its line of flight opposite in direction to its motion.A frequency designed for the purpose of carrying out airport advisory practices while operating to or from an airport without an operating control tower.A rotorcraft flight condition in which the lifting rotor is driven entirely by action of the air when the rotorcraft is in motion.The longitudinal and lateral point in an aircraft where it is stable. Controlled airspace is a generic term that covers Class A. Dry Weight .Center of Gravity .Federal Air Regulations. ideal flying weather.Common Traffic Advisory Frequency . Departure Stall . or fix. ETA . as in a landing approach.The movable part of a horizontal airfoil which controls the pitch of an aircraft.

Ground Speed . and passengers. about 1. (2) A tightly-focused radio beam transmitted from the approach end of a runway indicating the minimum approach angle that will clear all obstacles. engine are attached. Flare . enroute communications and VFR search and rescue services. usually hinged airfoil set in the trailing edge of an aircraft wing. then gliding to earth. GA .Tower control. Compare calibrated airspeed and true airspeed. IFR . digital and computer-based. rapidly replacing dead reckoning methods. cargo.Flight Service Station .Flap .9mph. temperature.The actual speed that an aircraft travels over the ground�its "shadow speed". altitude.Increased lift generated by the interaction between a lift system and the ground when an aircraft is within a wingspan distance above the ground.080').Meteorological conditions expressed in terms of visibility. It affects a low-winged aircraft more than a mid.An aircraft's main body structure housing the flight crew.Instrument Landing System. IAS .Instrument Meterological Conditions . eg: 125kts = 143.General Aviation . atmospheric density. by radioed instructions from air traffic control. GPS . aka Takeoff Weight. Glide Scope .Instrument Flight Rules. Flight Envelope . satellite-based navigation. instrumentation. A radar-based system allowing ILS-equipped aircraft to find a runway and land when clouds may be as low as 200' (or lower for special circumstances). one component of an instrument landing system (ILS). designed to increase lift or drag by changing the camber of the wing or used to slow an aircraft during landing by increasing lift. tail and. Glass Cockpit .Specified information relating to the intended flight of an aircraft. governing flight under instrument meteorological conditions. Gross Weight .like a boat hull floats on water . Lift .A direct instrument reading obtained from an air speed indicator uncorrected for altitude.Air traffic facilities which provide pilot briefing. FSS . in most single-engined airplanes.Indicated Air Speed . Fuselage .15 statute miles (6. Flight Plan .but are "pulled up" (lifted) by low air pressures trying to equalize. Glider . IMC . and cargo and to which the wings. airfoils do not "float" on air. including fuel. and assist lost aircraft.An aircraft's performance limits.One nautical mile. passengers.The total weight of an aircraft when fully loaded. it combines the aircraft's airspeed and the wind's speed relative to the aircraft's direction of flight.Global Positioning System. .A movable. and ceiling less than minimal specified for visual meteorological conditions (VMC).An unpowered aircraft capable of maintaining altitude only briefly after release from tow.The force exerted on the top of a moving airfoil as a low-pressure area [vacuum] that causes a wingform to rise.That portion of civil aviation which encompasses all facets of aviation except air carriers holding a certificate of public convenience and necessity from the Civil Aeronautics Board and large aircraft commercial operators. of aircraft ground movements at an airport.A control wheel maneuver performed moments before landing in which the nose of an aircraft is pitched up to minimize the touchdown rate of speed. as is often assumed . Ground Effect . filed orally or in writing with an FSS or an ATC facility.Said of an aircraft's control cabin which has all-electronic. Knot . or instrument error.(1) The angle between horizontal and the glide path of an aircraft.or high-winged aircraft because its wings are closer to the ground. Ground Control . specifically the curves of speed plotted against other variables to indicate the limits of speed. distance from clouds. ILS . and acceleration that a particular aircraft cannot safely exceed.

METAR .The lift coefficient of a wing divided by the drag coefficient. generally referring to powered blimps and dirigibles. perforated.Non Directional Beacon . in non-radio or emergency conditions by red and green light signals) by air traffic controllers.deviation. The average height off the surface of the sea for all stages of tide. Liquid Compass . Service Ceiling . At tower-controlled fields the pattern is supervised by radio (or. this specifies the vertical action. Rotorcraft . Magnetic Compass . Sideslip . this specifies the action around a central point. calibratable compass floating in a liquid as a panel instrument.Utilizes timing differences between multiple low-frequency transmissions to provide accurate latitude/longitude position information to within 50'. Flying an entire pattern is called a 'Circuit'. Magnetic North .Lighter-than-air craft. the fixed part being the fin.A low.The magnetic North pole. LORAN . MSL . Includes helicopters and gyroplanes. foglike cloud layer. . coaxial tube that measures the static pressure. at an established height and direction. NDB .Magneto . working in conjuction with a closed. but often also includes free balloons.The proportion between lift and weight commonly seen as g (sometimes capitalized) . and differentiated from AGL. Pitch . aka L/D ratio. Scud .A non-electronic. aka wet compass. MF. Pitot-Static Tube.Mean Sea Level. capable of calibration to compensate for magnetic influences within the aircraft. the up-and-down movement.Long Range Navigation System .Compass course + or .More accurately but less popularly used. especially a downward slip toward the inside of a banked turn. MAG . Load Factor . Magnetic Course .The path of aircraft traffic around an airfield. Roll .Pilot in Command .Of the three axes in flight. Pattern .An accessory that produces and distributes a high-voltage electric current for ignition of a fuel charge in an internal combustion engine.The height above sea level at which an aircraft with normal rated load is unable to climb faster than 100' per minute under Standard Air conditions. as the primary measure of the efficiency of an aircraft. used as a reference for elevations.a unit of force equal to the force of gravity times one.Precision Approach Radar.A movement of an aircraft in which a relative flow of air moves along the lateral axis. a ground-radar-based instrument approach providing both horizontal and vertical guidance. or UHF radio beacon transmitting non-directional signals whereby the pilot of an aircraft equipped with direction finding equipment can determine his bearing to or from the radio beacon and "home" on or track to or from the station. Rudder .A heavier-than-air aircraft that depends principally for its support in flight on the lift generated by one or more rotors. resulting in a sideways movement from a projected flight path.Lift-Drag Ratio .The movable part of a vertical airfoil which controls the YAW of an aircraft. located near 71° North latitude and 96° West longitude.An LF. LTA . PIC .The pilot responsible for the operation and safety of an aircraft during flight time. Pitot Tube . PAR .Acronym in FAA pilot briefings and weather reports simply means an "aviation routine weather report". a small tube most often mounted on the outward leading edge of an airplane wing (out of the propeller stream) that measures the impact pressure of the air it meets in flight. that attracts a magnetic compass which is not influenced by local magnetic attraction.Of the three axes in flight.The most common liquid-type compass.

airspace not designated as Class A. Transponder . the movable part being the elevator. Stall . passengers.True Air Speed. the needle as the gyro's pointer and a ball encased in a liquid-filled.A small. and ballast.Used in defining air speeds.Too shallow a bank in a turn.A four-digit number dialed into his transponder by a pilot to identify his aircraft to air traffic controllers. Stabilizer . D or E. adjustable mechanically or by hand. and pressure. Slip . Opposite of drag. C. UNICOM . true air speed is usually calculated by adjusting an Indicated Air speed according to temperature.An airborne transmitter that responds to ground-based interrogation signals to provide air traffic controllers with more accurate and reliable position information than would be possible with "passive" radar. generally excluding emergency or portable equipment and ordnance. Turn & Bank Indicator . density.A twisting.A common radio frequency (usually 121.Sink. resulting in a loss of velocity and an abrupt drop.True Air Speed . Trim Tab .Landing practice in which an aircraft does not make a full stop after a landing.0 mHz) used at uncontrolled (nontower) airports for local pilot communication.Primary air-driven gyro instrument. Uncontrolled Airspace . Sinking Speed . listed below: VA = Maneuvering Speed (max structural speed for full control deflection) VD = Max Dive Speed (for certification only) VFE = Max Flaps Extended Speed VLE = Max Landing Gear Extended Speed VLO = Max Landing Gear Operation Speed VNE = Never Exceed Speed VNO = Max Structural Cruising Speed VS0 = Stalling Speed Landing Configuration VS1 = Stalling Speed in a specified Configuration VX = Best Angle of Climb Speed VXSE = Best Angle of Climb Speed. Touch-and-Go . curved tube.The fixed part of a horizontal airfoil that controls the pitch of an aircraft.Universal Communication . Skid . but proceeds immediately to another take-off. TAS . especially in a glide in still air under given conditions of equilibrium. Useful Load . B. Squawk Code .The speed at which an aircraft loses altitude.The flow of air driven backward by a propeller or downward by a rotor. gyroscopic force acting in opposition to an axis of rotation. auxiliary control surface in the trailing edge of a wingform. (2) A maneuver initiated by the steep raising of an aircraft's nose. Because an air speed indicator indicates true air speed only under standard sea-level conditions.The weight of crew. one engine out . aka Torsion. Also referred to as "needle & ball" indicator. one engine out VY = Best Rate of Climb Speed VYSE = Best Rate of Climb Speed.Velocity . causing it to drop. causing an aircraft to slide outward from its ideal turning path.The driving force of a propeller in the line of its shaft or the forward force produced in reaction to the gases expelled rearward from a jet or rocket engine. such as with a turning propeller. causing an aircraft to slide inward from its ideal turning path. may also provide air traffic control with an aircraft's altitude. Slipstream .(1) Sudden loss of lift when the angle of attack increases to a point where the flow of air breaks away from a wing or airfoil. V . to counteract ("trim") aerodynamic forces on the main control surfaces. a combined turn indicator and lateral inclinometer to show forces on an aircraft in banking turns.Class G Airspace. baggage.Too steep a bank in a turn. fuel. Torque . Thrust .

VFR . VSI . on radials oriented from magnetic nort. Also used by pilots and controllers to indicate a specific type of flight plan. Yoke . as in skewing. distance from clouds. usually set laterally on a fuselage in the slipstream to create suction for gyroscopic panel instruments.VASI . Also called the Rate Of Climb Indicator. VMC . The VOR periodically identifies itself by Morse Code and may have an additional voice identification feature.Expressed in terms of visibility. VOR . The term is also used in the US to indicate weather conditions that are equal to or greater than minimum VFR requirements. Voice features can be used by ATC or FSS for transmitting information to pilots. Yaw .The control wheel of an aircraft. Venturi Tube . and ceiling equal to or better than specified minima.VHF OmniRange .A ground-based navigation aid transmitting very high-frequency (VHF) navigation signals 360° in azimuth. this specifies the side-to-side movement of an aircraft on its vertical axis.Of the three axes in flight.Visual Flight Rules that govern the procedures for conducting flight under visual conditions. A panel instrument that gauges rate of climb or descent in feet-per-minute (fpm). hourglass-shaped metal tube.A small.Visual Meteorological Conditions . akin to a automobile steering wheel .Visual Approach Slope Indicator .Vertical Speed Indicator.A system of lights on the side of an airport runway that provides visual descent guidance information during the approach to a runway. Now outdated by more sophisticated means.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful