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I Part: Match the following types of texts with heir corresponding schema.

Write the
number in the parenthesis.




( 5 ) News ( 2 ) Ad ( 4 ) Poem ( 1 ) Recipe ( 3) Letter

II Part.

The chaining elephant

1) When I was a kid I loved the circus, and what I liked most were the animals
in circuses. I too like others, then I found out, I was struck by the elephant.
During the function, the huge beast was deployment of its weight, size and
enormous strength ... but after his performance and even a while before
returning to the stage, the elephant was bound only by a chain that
imprisoned one of its legs to a small stake in the ground.
2) However, the stake was only a tiny piece of wood buried just a few inches

into the ground. And although the chain was thick and powerful it seemed
obvious that the animal can start a tree by the roots with their own strength,
could easily start and run the stake.
3) The mystery is clear:
What keeps then?
Why not run away?
When I was five or six years, I still trusted in the wisdom of the greats. I
then asked a teacher, to a father or an uncle by the mystery of the elephant.
Some of them explained that the elephant does not escape because he was
I then the obvious question:
"If you're performing why did you chained?
Do not remember getting any coherent response.
4) Eventually I forgot about the mystery of the elephant and the stake ...
and only remembered when I was with others who had asked the same
Some years ago I discovered that lucky for me someone was wise enough
to find the answer:
Circus elephant escapes not because it has been tied to a stake like since I
was very, very small.
I closed my eyes and imagined the little newborn subject to the stake.
I am sure that at that time the elephant pushed, pulled and sweated trying to
get loose. And despite all his efforts failed. The stake was certainly very
strong for him. I could swear he fell asleep exhausted and the next day tried
again, and at the other and it was ... Until one day, a terrible day for its
history, the animal accepted his impotence and resigned to their fate.
5) This elephant huge and powerful, we see in the circus, does not escape
because he believes "poor" cannot.
He has a record and reminder of his helplessness, powerlessness that he
felt shortly after birth.

And the worst thing that ever has become a serious challenge that record.
Never ... ever ... I tried to test his strength again...

A) Scan the text “The chaining elephant”. Extract the following.

3 Nouns: 1-kid 2- circus 3-elephant

3 Adjectives: 1- huge 2- enormous 3- small

3 Adverbs: 1- easily 2- certainly 3- shortly

3 verbs: 1- was 2-like 3-found

B) Scan the text “The chaining elephant”. Extract the following.

4 Suffix: 1- imprisoned 2- powerful 3- teacher 4- performing

4 Prefix: 1- impotence

2 Inflection:

C) Based on the text “The chaining elephant”. Write noun, verb, adjective,
abverb for the following words.

Word Noun Verb Adjective Adverb

Huge (¶ 1) 1
Easily (¶2) 2
Wisdom (¶3) 3
Forgot (¶4) 4
Newborn (¶4) 4
Escape (¶5) 5
Powerlessness 5

III Part.

Building a protective environment

1) Millions of children worldwide are subjected to violence, exploitation and abuse

including the worst forms of child labor in communities, schools and institutions;
during armed conflict; and to harmful practices such as female genital
mutilation/cutting and child marriage. Millions more, not yet victims, also remain
without adequate protection.

2) Protecting children from violence, exploitation and abuse is an integral

component of protecting their rights to survival, growth and development.
UNICEF’s commitment to protecting children is underlined in our Medium Term
Strategic Plan and Child Protection Strategy. We draw on our Core Corporate
Commitments, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Millennium
Declaration, and numerous international human rights agreements as the basis for
our response.

3) UNICEF advocates and supports the creation of a protective environment for

children in partnership with governments, national and international partners
including the private sector, and civil society. National child protection systems,
protective social practices and children’s own empowerment coupled with good
oversight and monitoring are among the elements of a protective environment and
enable countries, communities and families to prevent and respond to violence,
exploitation and abuse.

A) Read, carefully, the words "Building a Protective Environment. Decide which is

the topic sentence.

Paragraph 1:

Millions of children worldwide are subjected to violence, exploitation and abuse

Paragraph 2:

Protecting children from violence, exploitation and abuse is an integral component

of protecting their rights to survival, growth and development.

Paragraph 3:

National child protection systems, protective social practices and children’s own
empowerment coupled with good oversight and monitoring are among the
elements of a protective environment and enable countries, communities and
families to prevent and respond to violence, exploitation and abuse.

IV Part:

Deterioration of The Ozone Layer

1) May 1991, Australian Broadcasting Network: ".... the deterioration of the ozone
layer is likely to become so acute that it will be next to impossible to go outside
without wearing a virtual spacesuit to be sufficiently protected from UV
radiation". Throughout the 1950’s and 1960’s, Dr. George King was used by
extraterrestrial intelligences to alert humanity of the damage we were causing to
the Earth’s atmosphere, and its dire consequences.

2) The ozone layer extends from 8 to 25 miles above the Earth’s surface, and
prevents harmful ultraviolet rays from reaching it. Without this layer, UV rays would
probably destroy most lifeforms on the physical level. The ionosphere begins
above this, and extends hundreds of miles above Earth. Any disturbance to its
delicate balance must affect the ozone layer below.

3) On March 23rd, 1956 while Dr. King was in a state of superconscious projection
he was told that: "The basic action of your ionospheric belts has been intensified
by radioactive release within these units, which act as natural filters to break down
cosmic rays and solar rays in such a way as to reflect too much of their energy
away from Earth...."

4) In The Challenge of the H-Bomb (1957), Mars Sector Six tells how radioactivity
ossifies the ionosphere, which can then crack, resulting in more direct cosmic ray
bombardment, which would affect all life.

5) Radiation is ionising and so intensifies the ionosphere, reflecting away vital

energies. Over-ionisation causes weak spots that allow the opposite — too much
solar and cosmic ray bombardment. Such imbalances affect the ozone layer below
the ionosphere.

6) In 1986, Dr. Herbert Friedman, a government scientist, revealed that just one
atmospheric thermonuclear explosion in 1962 caused such a tremendous
intensification of the ionosphere that, "the return to normal conditions took close to
ten years". There have been at least 483 atomic explosions conducted in the
Earth’s atmosphere!

7) The Master Aetherius stated on March 16th, 1963: "The delicately balanced
filterisation units around the Planet have been grossly mutated causing Her natural
protective barriers within these screens to be very much weakened". The Master
seems to be referring to the ozone layer (protective barriers) within the ionosphere
(filterisation units or screens).

8) These Transmissions were given years before our scientists had a clue about
damage to the ozone layer! They also warned that launching satellites fractures the
ionosphere, allowing a dangerous influx of cosmic rays. Numerous scientific
studies have confirmed this satellite interaction with the ionosphere.

9) Science has recently discovered "holes" caused in the ozone layer by the Space
Shuttle and huge Titan rockets. A 1991 article in the Journal of Geophysical
Research stated that "a local ozone hole of several tens of kilometres .... could
occur for several hours after launch".

10) Recent scientific studies show that underground nuclear tests immediately
affect the electron density of the ionosphere. Even chemical bombs on the surface
affect the ionosphere, as do earthquakes.

A) Based on the text “Deterioration of The Ozone Layer.” Decide which

relationship organizes the paragraphs.

Time- Clasificacio Definicio Cause- Problem-

order n n Effect Solution


h (¶1)

h (¶2)

h (¶3)

h (¶4)

h (¶5)

h (¶6)

h (¶7)
h (¶8)

h (¶9)
h (¶10)

V PART: The nature of TEXT (the image)

Use your imagination to interpret the following TEXS. For each image:

*Write 3 words (abstract concepts) related to each picture.

*Write your own title (different from the original title).

*What is the central idea or massage of the image?

Your title: Lonely church at the end of the forest.

Words: 1- Shadows. 2- Leaves. 3- Autumn

Central idea: A peaceful place surrounded by trees where people gather to praise
the Lord.

Your title: Reaching the Final Goal

Words: 1- Triumph 2- Happiness 3- Victory

Central idea: A person cheering because he just won.

Your title: The Eternal Mysteries of the Universe

Words: 1-Cience 2-Space 3- Investigation

Central idea: Constant interest of the mankind in the Outer space

Your title: The weight of the law

Words: 1-justice 2- judgment 3- lawyer

Central idea: How someone can influence the decisions of others.


Write down a word or phrase that triggers the following sensorial images. As you
read the poem below, find images that appeal to your senses. Be aware that an
image can appeal to more than one sense at a time.

Alanis Morissette- Ironic Lyrics

An old man turned ninety-eight

He won the lottery and died the next day
It’s a black fly in your Chardonnay
It’s a death row pardon two minutes too late
Isnt’s it ironic… don’t you think
It’s like rain on your wedding day

It’s a free ride when you’ve already paid
It’s the good advice that you just didn’t take
Who would’ve thought it figures

Mr. play it safe was afraid to fly

He packed his suitcase and kissed his kids goo-bye
He waited his whole damn life to take that flight
And as the plane crashed down he thought
‘well isn’t this nice…’
And isn’t it ironic… don’t you think
Repeat chorus

Well life has a funny way of sneaking up on you

When you think everything’s okay and everything’s going right
And life has a funny way of helping you out
You think everything’s gone wrong and everything blows up in your face

It’s a traffic jam when you’re already late

It’s a no-smoking sing on your cigarette break
It’s like ten thousand spoons when all you need is a knife
It’s meeting the man of my dreams
And then meeting his beautiful wife
And isn’t it ironic… don’t you think
A little too ironic… and yeah I really do think…
Repeat chorus
Life has a funny way of sneaking up on you

Life has a funny, funny way of helping you
Helping you out

Image Explain

Olfactory: It’s a no-smoking sing on This phrase immediately brings the

your cigarette break nasty odor of the cigarettes to my mind.

Gustative: It’s like ten thousand spoons This one bring to me the feeling of
when all you need is a knife hunger when I have some food, but not
the adecuate KITCHEN UTENSILS yo
do so.

Auditory: Well life has a funny way of This can refer to be unable to hear
sneaking up on you someone approaching, because we are
used to trust our hearing, but
sometimes it can deceive us.

Tactile: It’s like rain on your wedding You can sense the rain in your skin as it
day falls.

VII PART: typographical sings

Read the rules on punctuation and write the corresponding symbol in the

1. Marks the end of a sentence

2. Separates information into readable units

3. Separates two complete but closely linked sentences

4. Links two or more words so that they work as one idea

5. Used to include extra or nonessential information in sentences

( 4) Hyphen

( 5) Parenthesis

( 1) Period

(3 ) Semicolon

(2 ) Comma


Identify facts, opinions and fact-opinion blending in each paragraph. Write F, O or

F/O within the parenthesis.

Ka- Ching Lyrics

Songwriters: Lange, Robert John; Twain, Shania
We live in a greedy little world ( )
That teaches every little boy and girl ( )
To earn as much as they can possibly ( )
Then turn around and spend it foolishly ( )

We’ve created us a credit card mess ( )

We spend the money that we don’t possess ( )
Our religion is to go and blow it all ( )
So it´s shoppin’ every Sunday at the mall ( )

All we ever want is more ( )

A lot more than we had before ( )
So take me to the nearest store ( )

Can you hear it ring? ( )

It makes you wanna sing ( )
It’s such a beautiful thing ( )

Ka-ching ( )

Lots of diamond rings ( )

The happiness it brings ( )
You’ll live like a king ( )
With lots of money and things ( )

When you’re broke go and get a loan ( )

Take out another mortgage o your home ( )
Consolidate so you can afford ( )
To go and spend some more when you get ( )
Bored ( )