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Physics 2 - LABORATORY

100
IPHY2 – N21
SCORE
Experiment # 7

Kirchoff’s Laws

Group No. 4 Criteria

Leader: Torio, Crisler Antonio Punctuality: 5x____

Recorder: Garcia, Wences Nicko Completeness: 5x____

Materials: Calalang, Jericho Accuracy: 4x____

Disicipline: Castillo, Kenneth Format: 3x____

Cleaner: Ang, Robert Denielle Neatness: 3x____

Andoloy, Pau

Date Performed: 27/10/2017 Date Submitted: 3/11/2017

Dr. E.G. Tripoli

Lab Professor
I. Objectives

1.) To verify the Kirchoff’s voltage law

2.) To verify the Kirchoff’s current lawII. Set Up

- Here we have our layout plug-in board connected with several jumpers and the three
resistors.
III. Data and Results

Circuit 1: Series Circuit


TABLE 1: KIRCHHOFF’S VOLTAGE LAW
CALCULATED VALUES MEASURED VALUES
VOLTAGE 1 4V 4V
VOLTAGE 2 4V 4V
VOLTAGE 3 2V 2V
TOTAL VOLTAGE 10V 10V

TABLE 2: KIRCHHOFF’S CURRENT LAW


CALCULATED VALUES MEASURED VALUES
CURRENT 1 0.04A 0.04A
CURRENT 2 0.04A 0.04A
CURRENT 3 0.043A 0.04A
TOTAL CURRENT 0.04A 0.04A

TABLE 3: KVL AND KVC


CALCULATED VALUES MEASURED VALUES
VOLTAGE 1 5V 5V
VOLTAGE 2 5V 5V
VOLTAGE 3 0V 0V
TOTAL VOLTAGE 10V 10V
CURRENT 1 -0.06 -0.06
CURRENT 2 0.06 0.06
CURRENT 3 0 0
TOTAL CURRENT 0 0
Circuit 2: Parallel Circuit
TABLE 1: KIRCHHOFF’S VOLTAGE LAW
CALCULATED VALUES MEASURED VALUES
VOLTAGE 1 10V 10V
VOLTAGE 2 10V 10V
VOLTAGE 3 10V 10V
TOTAL VOLTAGE 10V 10V

TABLE 2: KIRCHHOFF’S CURRENT LAW


CALCULATED VALUES MEASURED VALUES
CURRENT 1 0.1A 0.08A
CURRENT 2 0.1A 0.08A
CURRENT 3 0.21A 0.16A
TOTAL CURRENT 0.41A 0.32A

TABLE 3: KVL AND KVC


CALCULATED VALUES MEASURED VALUES
VOLTAGE 1 10V 10V
VOLTAGE 2 10V 10V
VOLTAGE 3 10V 10V
TOTAL VOLTAGE 10V 10V
CURRENT 1 0.1A 0.08A
CURRENT 2 0.1A 0.08A
CURRENT 3 0.1A 0.16A
TOTAL CURRENT 0.41A 0.32A
V. Observation

-In the experiment, we used the provided equipment to construct a circuit


diagram that will show the ohm’s law in the first two circuit combination. We constructed
a series-connection circuit and a parallel-connection circuit. As we were doing the
experiment, We observed that the data that we have acquired as follows the principles
of the Ohm’s law. When we made the series-connection circuit, the circuit current total
is the same as the current in each of the resistors and the voltage total is the sum of the
voltages in each resistors. While in a parallel-connected circuit, the voltage total is the
same as the voltages in each resistors and the circuit current is the sum of the circuit in
each resistor. We also observed that the resistance total is relatively lower in a parallel-
connected circuit compared to the total resistance in a series-connected circuit. After
the two circuit combination, we constructed a circuit combination that will follows the
Kirchoff’s law. The circuit consisted of two power source from end to end. We get the
measured voltages and current by simply measuring it like one would normally do like in
a series or in a parallel connection.

VI. Conclusion

- From the experiment it is found that in the series circuit the current remains the
same and the voltage divides according to the load connected. In a series circuit, the
Kirchhoff’s voltage law is applied and the sum of all the voltages equals zero. For the
parallel circuit, the voltage remains the same however, the current divides into the
branches. In parallel circuit, Kirchhoff’s current law is applied.