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Water proofing

(Materials and Products)


Subject – BMS III
Presentation by – Ar. Sahil Singh Kapoor, MBS SPA
Date – 4 November 2019
Waterproofing types and Applications
1. Membrane Systems –

 They can be either liquid-applied water proofing systems or


perforated waterproofing membrane sheets. Liquid applied membrane
may be either hot-applied or cold-applied bituminous membrane
waterproofing. Liquid-applied are extensively used. There is wide
variety of bituminous, polymer and modified bitumen, polymer and
synthetic polymer water proofing sheets in the market.
Waterproofing types and Applications
2. Clay or Bentonite Systems –

 Sodium bentonite is an expanding clay material which when wetted


expands to about 10 to 15 times its volume, filling the gaps and
welding itself together into impervious mat. It is available in dry
sheets sandwiched between cardboard, adhered to plastic sheet. It
can also be mixed with water and sprayed in place. Bentonite sheets
are generally nailed in place or fastened using bitumen.

 Masonary surface to receive bentonite product should be covered with


atleast 12mm thick plaster.
Waterproofing types and Applications
3. Cementing Material Systems –

 They are applied in two, three or four courses. The top course is a hard
finish plaster. It can be installed on either the interior or exterior side of
a concrete or masonry substrate.

Cementitious Capillary Crystalline Waterproofing: It is a mineral based


hydraulically setting powder waterproofing system consisting of cement,
quartz sand, and multiple activating chemicals. The product when applied to
concrete as cementitious slurry reacts with by-products of cement
hydrations to produce insoluble crystals that penetrate deep within the
capillary tracts and pore structures by osmosis pressure, blocking voids and
producing water-proofing effect. This water proofing membrane is effective
in preventing water seepage through active cracks in concrete and masonry.
Bituminous Waterproofing Systems
 Bituminous Surface Treatment – Both coal-tar and asphalt bitumen are
used in membrane waterproofing. This waterproofing treatment is
normally provided on old leaking roofs. Primer coat is applied with
brush over dry clean surface and dry for 24 hours. Another coat is
applied next day and final on third day. It is finally covered with
20mm thick coarse sand or fine gravel.
Bituminous Felts and Building Paper
 These felts use Hessian as the barrier medium for bitumen are the most
common product for waterproofing on the new roofs.

 Bitumen felts are classified as Type 1,2 and 3 depending on type of base
used in their manufacture and the applications for which felts are suited.

 The bitumen felt should be laid over finished roof surface of slope not
flatter than 1 in 120.

 However, factory finished Hessian based roof tar suffer from lack of
dimensional stability and inadequate viscosity. Hessian being organic in
nature is subject to decay within a short time, resulting decrease in
tensile strength and life of tar felt.
Procedure for Application for Bitumen based system
 Surface Preparation- Surface should be smooth, plain, dry, free from
depressions or cracks and should have proper slope.

 Application of Primer coat – applied over the dried surface and cured.

 Strengthening of Weak Spots- The joints in the substrate, corners and


intersections should be reinforced with reinforcement sheets.

 Application of Foundation Coat – Foundation course of mastic asphalt or


bitumen should be applied.

 Installation of Waterproofing sheet – Asphalt waterproofing sheet can be


installed with reinforced bonded polyester fabric.

 Reinforcing the Waterproofing Sheet Junctions – Strengthened with


asphalt to take care of any possible deficiency.
Application of Hot-applied Bituminous Membrane
 Applied on Horizontal surfaces. It may be either coal-tar or asphalt
based. The felts may be either glass fibre or organic saturated felt.
Fabrics are usually bitumen saturated cotton. The treated glass fibre
is used sometimes for additional strength.
Application of Cold-applied Bituminous Membrane

 Built up of glass fibre fabric plies with asphalt mastic or asphalt


emulsion coats. These coats must be allowed to cure completely
before coming into contact with water to prevent re-emulsification.
Traditional Brick Bat Coba For Terrace
 Fix in a slope of 1:150, starting from the lowest point of rainwater
down take and by keeping a minimum thickness of 65mm below the
rainwater outlet.

 Fix brick bats in cement mortar layer of 1:6 proportion in a slope of


1:150 with the water proofing compound
Traditional Brick Bat Coba For Terrace …
 Fill the cement mortar 1:4 with the brick bat joints.

 Fix small pieces of brick bats along with 20mm metal for coving of
rounding at the bottom of the parapet wall. Special care should be
taken for achieving the round shape near the rain water pipe.

 Block the rain water outlet with gunny bags, to avoid cement slurry
from entering it. Cure the brick bat coba coat for at least seven
days.
Details of glazed china mosaic water-proofing
Damp proof course in plinth
 Foundation masonry is always in contact with the sub soil,which sometimes
may contain water. The subsoil water tries to enter the building through
the walls/floor. Due to capillary action, the subsoil water sometimes rises
into the walls of the building against gravity and indicates dampness.

 Generally , foundation masonry is done with uncoursed random (UCR) stone


masonry and at the plinth level,DPC is provided to prevent capillary water
of the sub soil water. The rich cement concrete, generally of M20 grade
with water proofing compound added to it can be used as DPC in buildings.

 Tar isalso applied below DPC to prevent the entry through capillary action.

 Above the DPC, regular masonry for super structure is done.


Thank You!