Sie sind auf Seite 1von 133

Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

LEGENDS
OF

Islam

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

  

   
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu

His Life & Times


A comprehenssive series of lectures that will cover the different aspects of the life of
Umar Ibn Khattab:
Before Islam
During the life of Messenger of Allaah
During the life of Abu Bakr
&
Finally His Khilafah

Lecture series by Imam Anwar Al-Awlaki


[May Allaah preserve him]

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

PART 1

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Umar Ibn Khattab radhiallahu anhu


His life and times
By Imam Anwar Al-Awlaki

‫اذ 
 ا
ن ا   ا ا
ن ا‬
‫"!  ا  ا و اه و و‬#‫و وا‬#‫م   ا‬% ‫ة وا‬%'‫ا ا‬
! (
‫  ً
آ*ًا ا‬,

ُ ,
‫ ا وآ‬/ ‫ ور‬1 ‫م و‬% ‫ا‬

"‫   ن‬56‫ وا‬#‫ ا‬, , # ‫ا‬7‫! ا‬8‫


ا‬9!
!" 
(, ‫ل‬3!
Allaah Azzawajal says, “O you who believe donot let death approach you except in
state of Taqwa”. We ask Allaah Azzawajal to give us all Taqwa [ameen]. In Sunan al-
Baghawi Abdullah Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu says

‫م‬% ‫ءك ا


ب  ]ات ا وا‬#‫ او‬/75:  ‫ا‬7A, # ‫ء‬B‫;ن ا‬: ‫   = 
ت‬5 : 75  ‫ آ
ن‬
6 D'! ‫
ره ا‬5"‫
=م ا‬E1,
93‫
 ً
و‬93 ‫ و ا
= وا‬/#‫ ا‬F‫ا‬8‫ا ه‬C:‫ا وا ا‬6
‫[ آ‬
‫ا‬6
‫ آ‬96;: 97!‫ و د‬9=%"‫  ا‬5(5‫ا 
ا‬3 ,‫
ره و‬H‫ ا‬: ‫(اه‬,‫ وا‬9C: 9 :
: 7!‫ د‬D
=‫وا‬
[Please rectify errors in Arabic Text Jazakallahu Khairun]35 ‫ ا'اط ا‬

Abdullah Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu said, ‫   = 


ت‬5 : 75  ‫  آ
ن‬whoever is
going to follow a path should follow the path of one who died /75:  ‫ا‬7A, # B‫;ن ا‬:
becuase the living could fail in their trials,  ‫ءك ا
ب‬#‫ او‬those are the companions
of Muhammad Salallahu Alaihey Wasalam.Abdullah Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu is
telling the Tabee’n who are the second greatest generation, he is telling them “don’t
follow the life living among you, even though they might be Awliyah of Allaaz
Azzawajal, some of them might be virtuous among them, some of them would be
Mujahideen, Ulama, Ubad ”. Abdullah Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu is telling them
“don’t follow the life of living among you but follow the dead, the campanion of
Rasoolullah Sallalahu Alaihe Waslam why? Because there is no guaranttee that this
person who is living wouldn’t fail in some of his trials.. But with Sahaaba radhiAllahu
anhum they have been giving the stamp of approval. See anyone who is living you
never know what the out come would be? Because Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wasalam says there are some people who would be on the track of people of Jannah
[Paradise] in their Ibadah, in their actions. They are doing what people of Jannah do but
before they die they commit the actions of people of Hell Fire and then they end up
going to Hell fire. While they failed in Fitnah [Trials] everyone is going be face with
the trials and no body knows what the out come of that will be? And that is why
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam used to say
”[Please correct if there is any error in text]! ‫
 ا‬7= DH ‫'
ر‬#‫ب وا‬3‫ ا‬K3
!“
“O the one who changes the hearts make our hearts steadfast on Islam. “the heart
the word Qalb in Arabic means “something that changes”, overturns, that goes up and
down. So Abdullah Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu is saying follow the campanions of
Rasoolullah. He was saying this in time of Tabee’n which was the seecond best
generation. What should we say today? No one has the guaranttee no one that they are
going to go to Jannah. Nobody. But the ones who with Rasoollulah sallalahu alaihe
wasalam the ones who were in Ghazwa al-Badr, the ones who gave him Baiy’ah under

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

the [tree], ar-Ridwan, the ones who fought with him, the one who had patience with
him, the ones whom rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wasalam had died LM‫ را‬97‫ها‬,

Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was pleased with them, these are the ones we
should follow. And then he gives us some other reasons why should we follow them.

/#‫اا‬8‫ ه‬NC:‫ا وا ا‬6


‫ آ‬They were the best of this Ummah:
[B6= B6‫و‬3‫ ] "ا‬Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says “the best of generations is
my generation” these are the best. [/#‫ ا‬F‫ا‬8‫ ه‬NC:‫ا وا ا‬6
‫]آ‬.

=
‫ و او‬and they had the most pious hearts:
There hearts had the most Taqwa. No one can compete with Sahaaba in their Taqwa.
They have achieved the highest limits.

ً 
93 ‫ وا‬and they had the deepest knowledge.
Now notice here the choice of words. Abdullah Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu didn’t
say [

‫ ]واآ*ه‬he didn’t say that they had the most knowledge, he said they had the
deepest knowledge. Because they are the people who came after the Sahaaba. Who
known things which Sahaaba may not have known. For example al-Bukhari, he knew
more ahadiths then many of the Sahaaba . Why because he knew? Because what umar
had, he knew the ahadith of abu bakr, he knew ahadith uthman had, he was an
encyclopedae of hadith. When it comes to the opinion of Fiqh, some of the great imams
of this ummah not only combines Fiqh of one Sahabi but combine the Fiqh of many. So
Abdullah Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu didn’t say that they had most of the
knowledge, he said they had the deepest knowledge. So even though, some of the
scholars of hadith scholars of Fiqh could know things that some of the Sahaaba didn’t
know however, none of the people who came after Sahaaba had depth of knowledge
that Sahaaba had. Because even though a Sahaabi may only know two hundred or three
hundred ahadith but he was there when that ahadith was spoken by Rasooullah sallalahu
alaihe wasalam. He knew the circumstances, he knew why rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wasalam said it, he was there, he lived that ahadith, an opportunity that none of us have.
So they had something, they had an edge over everyone of us. They were there when
the ayaat of Qur’an were coming down. They lived it, they experienced it fisrt hand.
Therefore, evrybody who comes after the Sahaaba is scratching the surface of
knowledge but the Sahaaba had the depth of it. There understanding was deep and when
you have deep understanding, it makes throughout your life and your actions better than
somebody who might have more knowledge than you do, and thats why we should
follow the actions of the Sahaaba radhiAllahu anhum because they had the deepest
knowledge.

ًE1,
93‫ و‬and they were the least supeficial:
The Sahaaba radhiAllah anhum would not act out Islam. They would not put out fake
image. They were not superficial. They did not pretend to be sophisticated. You know
now you have books that are written and the brother comes and says Masha Allaah that
was an excellent book and you know i read it from the begining till the end and i didn’t
understand it. [such a sophisticated book!] that wasn’t the way of Sahaaba radhiAllahu
anhum. The way of Sahaaba was simplecity their speeches were short, their words were
concise and clear. They wouldn’t want to prove that they were knowledgeable by
choosing sophisticated long words and put it in a rhyming long speech. There words
were very simple. Because Sahaaba radhiAllahu anhum came from very simple
background. The Arabs of Arabia were not adulterated like the other nations of the
world. They were not affected by the luxurious life styles of Persians and Romans.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

They were not affected by the philosophy of the Greek. They were not affected by the
theology of the Latin the Sahaaba radhiAllahu anhum most of them were illeterate.
They were very simple and straight forward, honest, decent people. Even the poetry in
time of Jahiliyah was very simple it wasn’t philosophical. It was descriptive, they would
describe nature, they would describe woman, that was their poetry. They were simple in
their dress they were simple in their food that they would eat and thats why the Fitrah
of the Sahaaba was very clean. So when they accepted Islam for them to practice Islam
was easy because Qur’an came on an empty plate. However, with the other nations,
Qur’an had to cleanse their hearts Qur’an has to heal the scarce that were left behind by
their old life. Because the Fitrah was deformed, and thats why the Bid’ah [innovation]
the early innovation didn’t start in Mecca and Madina they started among the other
nations. In Iraq and ash-Sham the nations that were effected by the philosophy of the
Greek, the religious teachings of the other nations, you know the Arabs in their religion
they didn’t have any methology in their religion. For example like the Hindus or the
Greeks. They didn’t have that imagination. They just worship this idle that stone that
cloth they would hold on some virtues, truth, chivalry, loyalty being loyal to their
kinship, that was there religion. So it wasn’t really religion it was more of a set of
morals and its just bow down to and idle and you slaughter the animal. Even their
religion was simple. So when they became Muslim they carried forward that straight
forwardness, honesty and decency. So when they became Muslims they straight went to
action they didn’t involved thesmselves in philosophical, theological discourses.
Sahaaba radhiAllahu anhum weren’t into that. They only came later on in times of the
Khilafah of Umar, Uthman and Ali. When these other nations were accepting Islam and
they were talking about the issue of Qadr and they turned it into a theology. But Umar
Ibn Khattab was on top of them with his stick.

7! ‫ ا‬D
=‫ وا‬6 D'! ‫
ره
ا‬5"‫ =م ا‬these are the people whom Allaah chose to be
campanions of His Prophet and to establish His Religion.
There is a reason why Allaah chose them. While Allaah Azza wajal chose them
particularly they were hand picked to be Sahaaaba of the greatest Nabi.[‫ اري‬B6 N1 ]
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says every Nabi has campanions. Allaah chose
these Sahaaba to be campanions of Muhammad Salallahu Alaihey Wasalam for a
reason. Because they were the most fit for that responsibility. Once Rasolullah sallalahu
alaihe wasalam pass away there was no need to sent any other Nabi till the Day of
Judgment. Why because Sahaaba radhiAllahu anhum can carry it on their own. So why
were are talking about Sahaaba? Because of these reasons, and also because Abdullah
Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu said
[9C: 9 ‫
ف‬:] recognize their virtues:
We need to recognize the Sahaaba for who they are? We need to put them at high
esteem, raise their level, respect them. So we are coming together now, for entire month
to talk about one of the Sahaaba Umar Ibn al-Khattab radhiAllaahu anhu as an attempt
on our behalf, [%C: /:‫ ]
ا‬to recognize them for who they are, to hold them in high
esteem. And then he says,”
[‫
ره‬H‫ ا‬: ‫(اه‬,‫ ” ] وا‬and follow their footsteps
[Follow their footsteps!], do what they did if you want to succeed.
[35 ‫ا  اط ا‬6
‫ آ‬96
: 97!‫ و د‬9=%"‫  ا‬5(5‫ا 
ا‬3 ,‫ ] و‬and follow what you can
hold on to whatever you can of their character and religion because they were on the
straight path.
They were the ones who were guided. They were the one given stamp of approval by
Allaah Azza wajal. So, thats why we talk about Sahaaba ingeneral. And then out of

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Sahaaba we need to give special emphasis to the four Khulafah, why because
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wasalam had said, “ ‫ ! م‬9 ‫ ! ا‬Q‫
ء اا‬ER‫ ا‬D7 B57  1

ر‬7

9 ‫ ”( ى ادا‬Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says follow my Sunnah and
the Sunnah of the Khulafah [the rightly guided] righteous Khulafah after me and who
are they? Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali and out of the four you specially need to
talk about Abu Bakr and Umar because Rasoolullah Sallalahu Alaihe Wasalam says in
another Hadith, [97 
(, ‫ ا‬BM‫ و   ر‬1 ‫ وا 
 ! ( ى ا‬5‫ ]ا‬follow the two men after
me Abu Bakr and Umar and thats in at-Tarmidi. Allaah Azza wajal says about the
Sahaaba
‫ ا‬T‫ا رآ(ا و‬, 97 ‫
ر ر
ه‬E1‫ ة و ا‬Q‫ ه ا‬L !8‫ ا رل ا وا‬
[Correct: the errors if any Jazakallahu Khairun]
“Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and the ones around him are stern and
harsh with the disbelievers and they are merciful compassionate and soft with the
believers you see them making Sujood and making Roko’ah.” We already talked about
Abu Abu Bakr as-Siddique radhiAllahu anhu in previous course, now we are talking
about Umar Ibn Khattab.

Dear brothers and sisters! Umar Ibn Khattab is a special person. We said unique thing
about Abu Bakr was his Emaan with Umar Ibn Khattab its his personality. He had a
unique personaliy. History does not produce men like Umar Ibn Khattab. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam said [and this Hadith is in al-Bukhari & al-Muslim],
  ‫ ه‬6
: ‫ ا‬5‫ اي آ ا‬: ‫  ث‬#‫  ا‬1=
: ‫ آ
ن‬3
[Correct: the errors if any Jazakallahu Khairun]
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says there were people who were “Muhadasoon”
[‫ن‬H ] [I will mention what Muhadasoon means] there were Muhadasoon in the
nations before me and if theres going to be a Muhadas [‫ ] ث‬in my Ummah it would be
Umar Ibn Khattab. Now whats the meaning of Muhadas? Ibn Hajar as-Qalaani [ ‫ا‬
6%3 (‫ا‬T] in his commentary on al-Bukhari, he gives few different opinions:

1) is [‫ ن‬7] Munhamoon, men who are inspired by Allaah.


2) [ #‫ء ا‬% N3‫  ا‬VQ ‫ و رو‬3‫ وه ا‬W‫ 
دق ا‬N‫ ]ا‬the man whose intuition
is right because of something that is put in his heart. The third opinion:
3) [ '=Y 6
 ‫اب و‬H T! ] the one who speaks the truth, truth flows
naturally on his tongue without him intending. [Without him trying it just comes
out naturally on his tongue] and the fourth opinion is:
4) [ ‫ى‬9‫ ا‬Y ‫ءآ‬% ‫  ا‬1,] he is the man whom the Angels speak to without him
being the prophet and that’s Umar Ibn Khattab.

The truth naturally flows on his tongue, his intuition is always right as if the Angels are
speaking to him. Infact we will talk later on about some situations where he would say
something and then the Qur’an will come down to approve what he said as if he is
speaking with the light of Allaah Azza wajal. And that’s why Umar Ibn Khattab is
special and that’s why we should follow the way of Umar Ibn Khattab. Because he is
the man who recognizes the truth and spoke and acted upon it. Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam says, [= ‫   و‬6
  Z‫ ا‬N( ‫“ ]ان ا‬Allaah Azza wajal showed
the truth on the tonque of Umar Ibn Khattab and in his heart”. And this Hadith is in
at-Tirmidhi and there is another Hadith in at-Tirmidhi which is Hasan Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam says,”[   ‫
ن‬1 ٌB6 ‫ ] آ
ن ( ى‬if there is going to be a
Prophet after me he would be Umar Ibn Khattab.”

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Umar Ibn Khattab had so many attributes of the Anbiya in him built into his system that
if there is going to be a Nabi in this Ummah Allaah would choose Umar Ibn Khattab.
And he would be most similar to whom among the Anbiyaa of Allaah? Musa ‘alaihe
salaam. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam infact in one Hadith said,”that you are
similar to Noah and Musa]”. These were the Anbiyaa of strength. You know Umar Ibn
Khattab use to carry stick just like Musa. Our source or sources for this series,
obviously when we talk about history must go back to the “Classical Sources” that’s
where histroy is. But the thing is with Classical Sources, is the style of our early
scholars was to right down everything even they might know this particular narration,
that is not authentic. But for the sake of documentation they would write it. They
wanted to document everything. So even though we are using at-Tabari but we are
using it with care because some of narrations at-Tabari are not very strong. Lot of
exaggeration, weak narrations, sometimes fabricated so it needs to be used with care.
However, we are going to base the series the primary source would be contemporary
book written by Sheikh ‘Ales as-Sulaabi, a Professor in Islamic Studies. We are using
his source because he has combed the classical sources one by one and he has retrieved
the gems the treasures out of these old books and compiled them into one version. So
when we say contemporary sources its not really contemporary in terms of throwing his
own words in it. It’s a classical reference because he is quoting from classical books
and bringing them in one reference. So that will be used as a primary source and then
also will be consulting at-Tabari which is earliest history books written. What we are
going to talk about we will talk about name of Umar Ibn Khattab , his character, his
family, we talk about his life in Jahiliyah, we will talk about his Islam, hijrah, we will
talk about Umar Ibn Khattab and Qur’an, Umar Ibn Khattab in Jihad, some incidences
that happen in Madina, we will talk about his virtues, we will talk about Umar Ibn
Khattab in the reign of Abu Bakr and then we will talk about the Khilafah of Umar Ibn
Khattab radhiAllahu anhu. We will talk about Umar Ibn Khattab and his family, Umar
Ibn Khattab with the society, we will talk about the government of Umar Ibn Khattab,
we will talk about the conquest that took place in times of Umar Ibn Khattab in Iraq and
ash-Sham and then we will talk about his last days. So this is the blue print for our
course. So lets start and we ask Allaah Azza wajal to give us tawfeeq [Z:,] we ask
Allaah Azza wajal to give us Ikhlas, we ask Allaah Azza wajal to benefit us in the
sessions, and to make these sessions surrounded by Angels sessions which Allaah Azza
wa jal will throw in tranquility, mercy upon us because we are talking about as-Saliheen
and this is to encourage us to be like them. And we ask Allaah Azza wa jal to make us
those who follows best at words and applies. [ameen]

Date of Birth:
Umar Ibn Khattab was born according to one opinion eleven years after the Year of the
Elephants. Now Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was born in the Year of
Elephants, thats when the army of Abraha tried to destroy the Ka’ba. Umar Ibn Khattab
was eleven years younger than Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. So according to
this opinion, Umar Ibn Khattab would be twenty nine years old when Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam received Prophethood. And he would be few years older than
when he became Muslim. However, it’s the opinion of as-Sayuti [\] that he was
younger then that. So he was in his late twenties when he embraced Islam according to
as-Sayuti.
As we did with Abu Bakr we want to start of with a mental image of Umar Ibn Khattab
because that helps you to learn about him, when you have a mental image of a person.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

What were physical discriptions of Umar Ibn Khattab?

Dear brothers and sisters! Umar Ibn Khattab was a towering figure. Whenever, he
would be with any group, he would be tallest among them. And it was described as
when you see him from a distance in a group, you think that he is riding his mount
when everybody around him were standing. As if he was on top of his camel and
everybody else is standing around it. He was very well built. He wasn’t over wieght but
he was described as [#‫ ود ا‬T] Majdood al-Lahm. There was a lot of flesh on his
bones but it was muscle. Umar Ibn Khattab was a wrestler, he had a body of a wrestler
and he used to wrestle. He used to be a wrestler in Jahiliyah [ignorance] . Majdood al-
Lahm ! ‫ ا و‬3‫ ا!] ا‬#‫ ود ا‬T [] his limbs were large, he had large bones, large
frame, and his limbs were large, his hands and his feet were large. He was bald head,
[bald headed] and he was described as being a fair skin obviousely relative to the colour
of skin of people in Arabia, which is predominantely dark. So relative to that he was a
bit fair. [‫[ ]ب  ا‬Mashoob bi humra], redness in his colour. [‫ ]وآ
ن‬he used [
^^^7]
Hina, when he was old he used hina hin his hair. [that red dye]. He was described, the
tip of his moustouch called the whiskers were long, and he used to twist them with his
fingers when he become upset. [when he was angry he would twist his moustouch, they
were long]. He was described as when he would walk, he would walk fast. Whe he
would speak you could definetly hear him, and when he strikes he strikes with strength,
he hurts. [L‫ب او‬M ‫[ وإذا‬when he strikes he hurts]. So it was a personality of strength,
his voice was strong, his demiter in walking was strong and when he strikes he strikes
with strength.
Now Umar Ibn Khattab had that presence, his presence was intimidating to his enemy
and to strike fear even within his friends. The Sahaaba radhiAllahu anhum, it happened
on many occasions they were afraid of Umar Ibn Khattab. Abu Musa al-‘Ashari once he
was requested,[we will talk about it later on], to do something by Umar Ibn Khattab and
when he left, his face was pale. Sahaaba said, whats wrong with you? He said Umar
Ibn Khattab did this. His face was pale. Another occasion when he was walking some of
the sahaaba, he turned around suddenly there was pregnant woman behind him, she had
a miscarraige and Sahaaba were then debating whether he has to pay the blood money
or not but it happened without his, he didn’t intend to cause her all that trouble. But then
Ali Ibn Taalib said you have to pay the blood money to her because the damage that
was done but you don’t have to pay it, it should be paid from [‫ ا
ل‬D] bait al-Maal
[treasury of the Muslims]. When the enemies of Allaah would hear the name of Umar
Ibn Khattab their knees would shake and their hearts would tremble. Now the unique
thing about the personality of Umar Ibn Khattab is that even though he had all these
characteristics, his eyes would flow with tears easily. And he had very compassionate
and merciful heart. And he was very humble, and that’s the unique thing about
personality of Umar Ibn Khattab. Usually people who have this strength tend to be
harsh and aggressive and arrogant. And people who have compassionate and soft heart
tend to be weak. But Umar Ibn Khattab had these opposing characteristics in one
personality and that’s why he was unique.

His Family:

His father al-Khattab Ibn Nufail. His father was a very harsh man and Umar Ibn
Khattab had a tough up bringing. His father was very harsh with him. Umar Ibn Khattab
when he was a Khalifah he would say, he was with some other campanions and he came
to this place where he used to be a shepherd, he used to takes the camels of his father,

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

he said ” [‫ ا ( 


!`ء  !_ء‬W(‫ ا‬B(‫ ا ا‬#‫ ا ا‬#] ” the Most High and the Great
Who gives whomever he wants and to whom he wants, I used to be a shepherd for
camels of my father in this place, [‫*ب‬7 5‫ا‬C :] would wear some harsh wool
clothes. [D
 7(! W: ‫ ]وآ
ن‬and my father was harsh and he would make me
exhausted when I worked and he would beat me up if I don’t work. [ ‫ اذا ='ت‬7C!‫و‬
‫ و  ا ا‬7 a D ‫ ]و= ا‬and today, there is no one between me and Allaah. Being
Khalifah of the Muslims on the ladder of classification humanity he is the highest.
There is no one in between him and Allaah. Umar Ibn Khattab was saying Subhan
Allaah, there was a day when I was a shepherd for my father and he would beat me up.
He would hit me, and he was very harsh with me. And now look at where Umar Ibn
Khattab is? When you say La Ilaha iLalah [ ‫ ا‬#‫ ا ا‬#] Allaah gives whatever he wants
whomever he wants. Who would imagine that he would be given to Umar Ibn Khattab
the shepherd of yesterday. He wasn’t only shepherd for his father but he also use to
work for other woman his aunts. He said that I had aunts I would take their goats, sheep
to this valley and I would come back at the end of the day and they would give me a
handful of raisins or dates. Now Abdur Rahman Ibn ‘Awf is narrating the story, he said
Umar Ibn Khattab called the people to the Masjid and when they all assembled Umar
Ibn Khattab stands up on the pulpit and he says and this is when he is Khalifah,’I used
to be a shepherd for some of my aunts and I would come back on the end of the day and
they would give me a handful of dates or raisins and I would have a miserable day. ’
and then he came down from the pulpit. I had a miserable day what it meant was I
worked for entire day and this is what I get in the end of the day handufl of dates, that
was how poor I was. Abdur Rahman Ibn ‘Awf said [b E7,
 16‫ ]
زت  ا‬you haven’t
done more then to belittle yourself , I mean why, what you mean by this khuttba? Whats
the point? All what you did just to belittle yourself infront of everyone. Umar Ibn
Khattab said, [‫ف‬d ‫
ت ا‬9!‫ ]و‬Woe to you son of ‘Awf! My nafs my soul was telling me
that you are ameer ul mo’mineen so who is better than you?” So I wanted to teach
myself a lesson and let it know who it is. I wanted myself to know who it really is, how
humble it is, because myself was trying to play games on me, was tying to tell me I am
the ameer ul mo’mineen and who is better than me.
When we are going through the story of Umar Ibn Khattab I wanted to reflect on his
sayings, and his actions. Because it tells you a lot about his personality. Umar Ibn
Khattab he can not be fooled by anyone even his own self. See, his self was trying to
play game on him and was telling him that you are the best. Look at who you are?

Brothers and sisters Shaytan can not come to you unless you allow him to do so? On the
Day of Judgment people would go to the Shaytan and compalint and Shaytan would say
[ ‫ ا 
ن‬1# ‫ ]
آ
ن‬I have no authority over you, you are the one who [Y\ ‫ =م‬57‫] آ‬
but you are people who are transgressors. Shaytan cannot have access to your heart
unless you give him the keys. Umar Ibn Khattab was closing all the cracks which would
allow shaytan to come in. while we don’t have cracks we have opened our gates, the
gates of our heart to the shaytan. Welcome ‘come in’. Shaytan cannot come to you
unless you allow him to. When he went to Adam Alaihe Salaam in Jannah what did he
tell the Adam? Did he tell him go and eat from the tree Allaah has banned? Go and eat
from the tree that is haram. Go and disobey Allaah Azza wajal “no”. he told him [ ‫دم‬e
!
! # b‫ و‬R‫ة ا‬TQ  b‫ اد‬N‫“ ]ه‬O Adam I am going to tell you about a tree that
would give you everlasting life and a great kingdom” Shaytan knows whats appealing
to our hearts. You want to live forever, you want to have power, so these are the gates
in which he came in heart of Adam alaihe salam. So shaytan needs to find the way to
come in Umar Ibn Khattab was sealing all these cracks. He shuts them, Umar Ibn

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Khattab says,’[7‫ !( ا‬DR‫ و ا‬D" N D ] [Correct the Arabic text if needed
Jazakallahu Khairun] I am not a deceiver nor I will allow anybody to deceive me. I
don’t go around by deceiving people but at the same time no once can deceive me.
That’s why Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says,”whenever shaytan sees you
following one road, he would take another”. Shaytan has given up on Umar Ibn Khattab
there is no hope, there is no way, its just waste of time.The father of Umar Ibn Khattab
was very rough and harsh in the way he use to bring up his children.

The mother of Umar Ibn Khattab, there is one opinion that says that she is from the
family of Bani Makhzom [‫وم‬gR B7 \ ‫م‬WR B7] family of Khaalid Ibn Waleed but most
of the historeans says that she is the cousin of Abu Jahl. Her name was Hintimah Ibn
Hisham.

His wives: He married seven or eight in total, he married Zaynb bint Mad’on a sister of
great Sahaabi Uthman Ibn Mad’on, he married her during the time of Jahiliyah. And she
was the mother of Abdullah, Abdur Rahman the eldest, and Hafsa. He married Maleeka
bint Jarwul and she was the mother of Obaidullah he divorced her. He married Quraiba
bint Abi Makhzom, he later on divorced her and she then later on married Abdur
Rahman ibn Abu Bakr. He married Umme Hakeem bint al-Harris, she was the wife of
Ikramah ibn Abi Jahl, when Ikramah died in the Battle of Yarmook Umar Ibn Khattab
married her. And then when Umar Ibn Khattab died she remarried again. She was the
mother of Fatimah. He married Jameela bint ‘Asim bin Sabit. He married ‘Atika bin
Zayd bin ‘Amr bin Nufail, she was a relative of his. She was married before to
Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr. And when Umar Ibn Khattab was killed she married Zubair Ibn
Awam. Umar Ibn Khattab wanted to marry the youngest daughter of Abu Bakr her
name is Umm Kalthoom she is was born when Abu Bakr passed away. She was his
youngest daughter. So Umar Ibn Khattab asked for hand in marriage, she refused.
‘Aysha told her,[7A ‫  ا ا‬7d , ‫ ]أ‬you don’t want to merry Ameerul
Mo’mineen? She said,’[i!# i" ‫ ]ان ه‬his life style is harsh. Woman want easy life
styles even in those days, she wants her husband to take care of her make her life
comfortable, easy I donot want him. So ‘Aysha told ‘Amr bin ‘Aas about it. ‘Amr bin
‘Aas went to Umar Ibn Khattab and said,’I have a suggestion for you, why don’t you
merry Umm Kalthoom the daughter of Ali? Because by merrying her you will have [ KH
‫ ]ا رل ا‬you will have a relationship with the family of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam because Umm Kalthoom was daughter of Fatimah radhiAllahu ta’ala anha’
she was the grand-daughter of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. So Umar Ibn
Khattab asked her hand in marriage and she agreed and she married her. That was the
daughter of Ali ibn Abi Taalib. Now Ali Ibn Abi Taalib was much younger than Umar
Ibn Khattab so his daughter very young. Lohaiya was either a slave girl or wife there is
a difference of opinion and she bore him Abdur Rahman the youngest. Then he had a
slave girl whose name was Fuqiyha and she was the mother of Zaynb. So he had a total
of thirteen children from his marraiges. [Y#‫آ و ز! ا‬#‫ ]ز! ا‬Zayd the eldest and Zayd
the youngest I am translating literally [‫آ‬#‫ ]ز! ا‬and [Y#‫ ]ز! ا‬he named his two sons
Zayd because his brother was Zayd. Whom he use to love very much. [this is his elder
brother] died as a Shaheed. He had ‘Asim, Abdullah, then Abdur Rahman the Eldest,
then Abdur Rahman the Middle and then Abdur Rahman the Youngest. So he used to
love the name Abdur Rahman he named three of his kids Abdur Rahman. [ ‫ ا
ن اآ‬
Y‫ و ا‬j‫]او‬, he had Obaidallah, Ayad, these are the male children. Then he had four
daughters, Hafsa, Ruqiya, Zaynb and Fatimah, total of fifteen.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

A just a word on the marraiges in those days, just a thought came to my mind about the
marraiges of Umar Ibn Khattab first of all you noticed he married more than four,
obviousely they were not,he didn’t have four at any one point. We are talking about
total number of woman that married seven or eight during his life time. We also noticed
that he divorced two of his wives and he divorced them in Islam. Its was not in the time
of Jahiliyah. Abu Bakr also divorced and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was
almost going to divorce. Many of the Sahaaba divorced. Now a days we tend to see
divorce as un-acceptable thing. Infect when we talk about the ills of society, we say the
ratio of divorce is so high. Well if that’s the standard then the ratio at the time of
Sahaaba was extremely high. So that’s not quite really a criteria of the health of society.
But their perception of divorce was different then ours. They used to see marriage as a
relationship between two souls, so there needs to be a competability. If it doesn’t work
out just like business agreement if it didn’t work out fine we can part. Now a days we
see divorce in a different light. We see it something that’s no [no] you never do and
then if it ever happens that’s a stigma on a person untill the end of their life especially
to the woman. The woman who is divorced no one wants to marry her and that is very
unfair. That’s oppressive.

You notice in the time of Sahaaba radhiAllahu anhum no woman would be left without
a husband. Because for Muslim male or female family is the essence of your life.
Family is the most important thing you have. Your family as a Muslim is very very
important. We not living a life style of Kuffaar they don’t have a maid that’s fine, you
go from one pub to another and enjoy yourself. That’s not a life style of a Muslim. The
kuffar woman that’s alright changing from one hand to another, living a life that’s
closer to the animal life, there is to human life. So for a Muslim man or a woman
family is everything. So the Sahaaba radhiAllahu anhum never leave any of there sisters
without the opportunity and previlage being married. And that’s why polygamy was
very wide spread and it was accepted. And if a woman or a man divorced that’s not a
stigma on them they can easily be remarried. Also you will find that, there could be a
great difference in the age. As long as both sides are agree, there wasn’t a cultural
problem with that Umar Ibn Khattab was very old when he married Umm Kalthoom
bint Ali. And Umm Kalthoom bint Abu Bakr didn’t refuse to marry him because he was
old because she then married Talha Ibn Obaidullah who was also old. So as long as both
sides agree they were fine with it culturally. So our perception of marriage and divorce
are different then the perception of the Sahaaba. In times of Sahaaba marriage was early
and easy and everyone was allowed to be part of the family. Now there are millions of
woman around the Muslim world not really a problem in the west but in the Muslim
countries it’s a disastrous social problem. Millions of woman are growing older and
older and they cannot get married. Why? Because nobody wants to marry them because
they are old, nobody wants to allow polygamy, and that’s why we have all these woman
unmarried. So when you look at it from this point of view, polygamy is fairness to the
woman rather than being oppressive. Because then it gives every woman in the society
an opportunity to be married there are always more woman then men. So if polygamy is
not accepted then that means there are going to be woman who are not be able to get
married. So the champions of woman rights should actually be asking for the
legalization of polygamy.

The work of Umar Ibn Khattab:


His first profession was being a shepherd for his father and for his aunts. And then he
started a business. And he was very successful at it, to travel to Syria, to Yemen and

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

trade and he became very wealthy. He became wealthy men of Quraysh. And also he
was a wrestler. That’s something he used to join in compitition in k(1‫[ق ا‬40:40] and
he was unbeatable. In Jahiliyah because of the nature of the Umar Ibn Khattab, Umar
was not a person who would do something with a half hearted effort. He would put full
throttle into every thing. He was very committed, disciplined person and he would go
ahead with what he believes. He doesn’t sit on the side lines on the margins to get
involved. Therefore, in Jahiliyah he was one of the most effective men of the Quraysh
in the inquisition against the Muslims. He was one of toughest in his persecution of the
Muslims. Because that’s the nature of the Umar Ibn Khattab. He goes full ahead with
what he believes and don’t sit on the sidelines. So he used to torment, he used to torture
this slave girl. He would lash her with this whip and then when he would get tired he
would sit down, and what would he tell him? “Listen I didn’t stop because I feel sorry
for you, I stopped because I am tired.” She would respond back and say,”It is Allaah
who made you stop,” that’s the Emaan of this slave. And it was unacceptable to the
minds of many of the Muslims that one day Umar could become Muslim.

One day when Umar Ibn Khattab was walking down in the streets of Mecca he saw one
of the Sahaabiya who was on her way to Abyssinia. She was making a Hijrah to al-
Habasha. So Umar Ibn Khattab said,’are you living?’. She said,’yes, because you have
oppressed us and persecuted us. We are going to travel in the land of Allaah in order
that we can practice our Religion freely.’ What did Umar Ibn Khattab say? He said,[’
‫ ا‬1
’] “may Allaah be with you”. This statement was contrary to the nature of
Umar Ibn Khattab. Umar Ibn Khattab showing compassion to a Muslim? So when
Mo’aim Ibn Abdullah came back he was with the Sahaabiya. She told him what
happened. He said that it appears that you are hoping for Umar Ibn Khattab to become a
Muslim? She said, yes. He said, okey let me tell you, “the donkey of his father would
become a Muslim before he does”. He is telling that you woman go with your
emotions, don’t, Umar Ibn Khattab is not going to become a Muslim. But she was right
and he was wrong. But this is to show you that, they didn’t see it possible that one day
this man can become a Muslim. But Hidayah is in the hands of Allaah Subhanahu
Wata’ala. You never know who going to embrace Islam.

How did he become Muslim?


There was one incident that was narrated by his son Abdullah. He said,’ one day a
handsom man walked infront of us, so my father looked at him. He looked at his face
and said,”if my intituition is right this man was a [‫ ]آ
ه‬a fortune teller for his people”
this is what you call a Farasa [/‫ا‬:] is the art of reading the face and Umar Ibn Khattab
had that ability. It’s a gift from Allaah. You look into the face of some body and you
read their personality. And Umar Ibn Khattab was good at Farasa. So by just looking at
face of this man he never met him before, he read his face and he said,’this man used to
be fotune-teller of his people’ so they called the man. and he said I have never seen
something like this before, he was amazed. Umar Ibn Khattab told him to tell him about
himself. By the way this issue of Farasa was seen as an art. They say that ash-Shafi’e
wen to Yemen to learn Farasa. So its some kind of art to be taught, and it appears in
some kind of culture like for example Chinese culture, they have some sort of different
virsion of Farasa reading the face. But Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says [ ‫ا‬3,‫أ‬
‫ر ا‬7 ‫;ن ه !ى‬: A ‫ ا‬/‫ا‬:] ‘beware from the Farasa of believer because he can see by
the light of Allaah.’ So it’s a gift that is given by Allaah to certain people and Umar Ibn
Khattab had it. So Umar Ibn Khattab called the man and the man said yes, I was the
fortune teller of my people. Abdullah Ibn Umar Ibn Khattab said, “rarely the intituition

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

of my father would go wrong.” It was always on target. So Umar Ibn Khattab told him
tell me the strangest thing that your jinn told you. Because these are the people the
fortune tellers deal with jinns. [They were dealing with jinn.] so Umar Ibn Khattab is
asking about strangest thing that you heard from your jinn. So he said my jinn came to
me, he mentions this rhyming words. Spkeaing about coming of a prophet. Umar Ibn
Khattab said yes that’s true. One day the man was sacrificing for the idols next to
Ka’aba I heard a very loud voice. And this voice was saying something similar there is
a prophet was coming and then Umar Ibn Khattab said immediately after that
Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam claimed to be a Prophet.

So these were hints, that were coming to Umar Ibn Khattab to prepare him. To prepare
him for Islam, so this was the thing that happened in the beginning. Another important
incident was what happened between him and this Sahaabiya when his heart was feeling
soft because see that he was getting closer to Islam. The stance was changing, one day
while the Mushrikeen were discussing how to deal with the problem of Muhammad
sallalahu alaihe wa salam? They said,’who will volunteer to kill him?’ Umar Ibn
Khattab said I will. They said you are the one for it. So Umar Ibn Khattab carries his
sword in the middle of very hot day in Mecca. He was walking down the streets towards
[=‫ر‬#‫ ]دار ا‬he was told that Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is meeting his Sahaaba
there. And this is after many of Sahaaba already have made Hijrah to Abyssinia, so
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was left with small group of Sahaaba, Hamza
Ibn Abdul Muttalib, Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu anhu, and few other Sahaaba. So
Umar Ibn Khattab was heading straight down in the streets of Mecca and you can see
eveil in his eyes. One of th campanions who was practicing Islam in secrete saw Umar
Ibn Khattab and he realized that there was something wrong. So he told him where are
you aheading? Umar Ibn Khattab said, “to this man who has disunited our people, and
who has made fools out of us, and who has cursed our gods, I am going to kill him.” So
the companion told him, it seems that you are too confident in yourself. You think that
Bani Abd Manaf [‫
ف‬7  7] family of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam are
going to let your walk on the face of the earth after you killed their man? it was a trible
system. Umar Ibn Khattab was upset so, they started an argument. And then Umar Ibn
Khattab told this man, he said,’I think that you have became Muslim, I am sure if you
became Muslim I am going to start by killing you first. ’. The Sahaabi felt that, [the
whole reason why the Sahaabi was discussing with Umar Ibn Khattab because he wants
to divert him from his objective].he wants to save Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam. So when he felt that there is no hope, he carried on discussion with Umar Ibn
Khattab this way, he told Umar Ibn Khattab,’well before you go to Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam why don’t you take care of your house hold first?’ Umar Ibn
Khattab said,’what did you mean?’ he said,’your sister and her husband, they have
became Muslims.’ This Sahaabi though he said this, when every other argument did not
work. The sister of Umar Ibn Khattab was Muslim in secret and so was her husband
Saeed Ibn Zayd. What the Sahaabi did was put the sister of Umar Ibn Khattab and her
husband in a big trouble. He exposed them but why would he do that? He did that to
save Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. So it shows you anything and everything
can be sacrificed for the safety of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. [Everything]
So now Umar Ibn Khattab changed his coarse and he went straight to the house of his
sister. He got next to the door, he heard them reciting Qur’an. Fatimah bint Khattab and
her husband Saeed bin Zayd. Saeed bin Zayd is the cousin of Umar Ibn Khattab. And he
is one of the ten who were given the glad tidings of Jannah. And they were being taught
Qur’an by Khbaab bin Arat. When he knocked at the door and they saw that its Umar

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Ibn Khattab Khbaab Ibn Arat immediately went into hiding and Fatimah she hide the
Scroll of Qur’an under her thigh. Umar Ibn Khattab came in and he said what was that
humming sound that I heard? They said, it was nothing we were just talking. He said,
don’t lie to me. What was that noise and have you became Muslims? Saeeb Ibn Zayd
said, well what if Islam is better than your religion? At that point Umar Ibn Khattab
attacked Saeeb ibn Zayd he threw him to the ground and then he sat on top of him. And
Fatimah saw that she came to defend her husband Umar Ibn Khattab he struck her and it
came on her face and she started to bleed. She then said,”you enemy of Allaah, you hit
me just because I believed in Allaah? Whether you like it or not I bear witness and I
testify that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam is
Messenger of Allaah do whatever you want”. When Umar Ibn Khattab saw this strength
eminating from his sister and this confidence and he saw that blood on her face. He
regretted what he did because it was unacceptble in their custom to hit a woman in such
a manner. So he felt sorry for what he did to his sister. So he moved away from Saeed
and sat down. He said .”hand me over your scrolls”. She said,”I won’t” Umar Ibn
Khattab said,”what you said has struck a chord in my heart and I promise you that I will
return the scrolls to you safely.” She said,”you are a Mushrik and you are in state of
impurity so you have to make Ghussal [N d] first.” Umar Ibn Khattab went and he
made Ghussal he bathed himself, [they make him bath]. Then she gave him the scrolls.
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu started to recite the ayaat in the scroll.

‫رض‬#‫ ا‬Z"   %!g7, R!   ‫آة‬8, #‫ ا‬35 ‫اءن‬3‫ ا‬b


7g6‫  ا ا
ن ا \ 
ا‬
D,
‫
و‬97
‫رض و‬#‫ ا‬:
‫ ا
وات و‬:
  ‫اى‬5‫ ا( ا
ن  ا(ش ا‬: ‫وا
وات‬
7 ‫ _ء ا‬#‫ ه  ا‬#‫ ا ا‬# ‫
ء ا‬E"‫ !( ا اء وا‬6
: 3
 9T,  ‫ء‬e ‫ا‬
“ Ta Ha. We have not sent down the Qur’an unto you to be occasion for you for your
distress but only as an admonition to those who fear Allaah. A revelation from Him
Who created the earth and heavens on high. Allaah the Most Gracious is firmly
established on the throne. To Him belongs whats in the heavens and the earth and all
between them and all beneath the soil. If you pronounce the words aloud it is no
matter for verily He knows what is secret and what is yet more hidden. Allaah there is
no god be He to Him belongs the Most beautiful names.” When Umar Ibn Khattab
recited these ayaat he said,”is this what Quraysh was against? The one who has spoken
these words needs to be worshipped.” [   6‫[]د‬54:19] where is Muhammad
sallalahu alaihe wa salam ? they told him where Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam
was meeting the Sahaaba. Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu he goes to Dar ul Arqum
and he knocks on the door. The Sahaaba peek and see that’s Umar Ibn Khattab so they
all sit down. Hamza looks at them and asks whats wrong with you? They say, its Umar
Ibn Khattab. What did Hamza say? He said so what if its Umar Ibn Khattab? See no one
can see that but Hamza [the rest were sitting]. No body wanted to open the door. No one
wanted to deal with Umar Ibn Khattab. But the Hamza is the one who can handle that.
He was the knight of Qurayh. He said,”so what if its Umar Ibn Khattab if he came for
good, then he is welcome, if he came for evil, then we will kill him with his own
sword.” because remember Umar Ibn Khattab was hanging his sword on his neck.
Hamza opens the door and they [he and another Sahaabi] hold Umar Ibn Khattab by his
arms and they bring him to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam says, [ ‫ ]أر‬leave him alone. So Hamza and the other Sahaabi leaves
Umar Ibn Khattab. Now Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam even though he was
short than Umar Ibn Khattab but when Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam wants that
strength he has strength of thirty men. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam grabs
Umar Ibn Khattab by his clothes and pulls him towards himself and says,” why did you

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

come here son of Khattab? Aren’t you going to stop fighting Islam until Allaah destroys
you” Umar Ibn Khattab said,’O Messenger of Allaah I have came here for no reason
other than beleiving in Allaah and His Messenger.’ Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam made Takbeer [‫ ]ا اآ‬now none of the other Sahaaba were there, they were not
seeing what was happening they were hiding when they heard the Takbeer of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam the whole place erupted in Takbeer, they could
not believe it and it was so loud that they had to immediately disperse, because
everybody else could hear. Khbaab Ibn Arat when Umar Ibn Khattab was reading the
scrolls so he said I want to go and meet Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam he came
out of hiding and he said, ‘O Umar Ibn Khattab I think that Allaah has accepted the
Du’a of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam’. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
had made a du’a [‫
ب‬R‫    ه
م او    ا‬b‫ ا ا‬K‫م ا‬%#‫ة ا‬g‫ ا‬9‫ ]ا‬Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam said O Allaah honour Islam with one of the two men the most
beloved to them ‫
ب‬R‫    ه
م او    ا‬b‫ ا ا‬K‫ ا‬either Umar Ibn Khattab or
Umar Ibn Hisham. Who is Umar Ibn Hisham? Abu Jahl [N9‫]ا‬. Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam made du’a O Allaah honor Islam with one of the two, the one whom
you love most, Abu Jahl or Umar Ibn Khattab. Why did Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam made du’a specific for these two men? Because there strength would turn into
strength for Islam. Abu Jahl was a leader of his people he was a very wise man. you
know people have this impression of Abu Jahl as being a monster. No abu Jahl was a
strong man who was a straight forward person, he was committed to his objectives. He
was a hard worker and he was very wise and intelligent. So people gave him a name
and his real name is Umar Ibn Hisham. His name is not Abu Jahl [his real name is Umar
Ibn Hisham] but because of his wisdom, he was given the name [1‫ ]اا‬Abu al-Hakam
the father of wisdom. Now Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam gave him the name
Abu Jahl the father of Ignorance. Why? Because no matter how wise you are, no matter
how intelligent you are, if your intelligence would not leads you towards Islam then you
have no intelligence whatsoever. If your mind doesn’t take you to believe in [ ‫ ا‬#‫ ا ا‬#
‫ ]و ان  رل ا‬then you have no mind. No matter how intelligent people think you
are if you do not use your intellect take it towards Islam then you don’t have intellect
whatsoever. And that would be admission of Kuffaar on the Day of Judgment. [  ‫و=
ا‬
( ‫ ا
ب ا‬: ‫ 
آ‬N3(6 ‫ (ا او‬6 ‫“ ]آ‬if we had any understanding or hears could
hear we would not be here we have no understanding whatsoever.” So Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam gave him the name Abu Jahl. Allaah Azza wajal accepted the
Du’a of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and chose Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu
anhu.
There is another incident that happened with Umar Ibn Khattab and that brought him
closer to Islam. Umar Ibn Khattab in his days of Jahiliyah used to be a heavy drinker.
He used to love his wine. And he had [‫] 
ء‬6][59:31] [Nudima] are your drinking
partners. One night it was very late. He went around to the pubs of Mecca all them were
closed, first pub no body was there, second pub nobody was there. He didn’t find any of
his drinker partners because its already too late. So he decided as there was nothing else
to do, why not go and make Tawaf [‫]\اف‬. So he goes to the Ka’ba, nothing better to do
so he goes to the Ka’ba and who does he see there? This late hour at night nobody there
who does he see? Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam is praying. At this late hour
when everybody is sleep Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is standing infront of
Ka’ba making Ruko’ah and Sujood. Umar Ibn Khattab said well why don’t I strike fear
in the heart of Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam, so its me and him alone. So what
he does, he goes behind the Ka’ba so Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam can’t see
him and he slides between al-Ka’ba and the Cloth of the Ka’ba. Ka’ba is covered in a

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

cloth so Umar Ibn Khattab is standing in between Ka’ba and the cloth. And he began to
sneak around the Ka’ba so Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam cannot see him until
he made it right infront of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. but Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam cannot see him because he is hiding behind the cloth of
Ka’ba. What Umar Ibn Khattab wanted to do is to ambush Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam. but when he gets there he was in the hearing range of Ayaat of Qur’an. Now
the people of Qurayh used to intentionally plugged there ears so that they cannot hear
Qur’an. Now Umar Ibn Khattab is right there within range, Umar Ibn Khattab is
listening attentively to the Ayaat of Qur’an. Umar Ibn Khattab said to himself,”these
must be the words of a poet wonderful words” [it must be words of a poet] Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam was reciting the [/=
‫ ]رة ا‬Surat al-Haaqa and the exact
next Ayaah after this tought came to mind of Umar Ibn Khattab was [ %=
Q ‫ل‬3 ‫و
ه‬
‫ن‬7A,
] “These are not the words of a poet but little did you believe”. Umar Ibn
Khattab was shocked and he immediately said, “these must be words of a [kahin]
fortune teller how did he know what was in my heart?” the next ayaah was [ ‫ل آ
ه‬3 #‫و‬
‫آون‬8,
 %=] “these are not the words of a fortune teller little do you remember”
Umar Ibn Khattab just froze in his tracks these must be words of Allaah. So Allaah was
preparing Umar Ibn Khattab for important role that he will going to play in the future.
That he would be the second best of all of the Sahaaba.

‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و  و‬6   ‫ ا‬

Monday April 27, 2009


3rd Jumada I 1430.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

PART 2

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

‫اذ 
 ا
ن ا   ا ا
ن ا‬
‫ 
آ*ًا‬, ‫
 و اه و و‬6   ‫م‬% ‫ة وا‬%'‫ا ا‬

ً
This is session number two we carry on insha Allaah ta’ala with Umar ibn Khattab in
Mecca [we are still in Mecca]. We talked about his Islam in the last session and the du’a
of Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam for him. [b‫ ا ا‬K ‫م‬%#‫ة ا‬g‫ ا‬9‫ ]ا‬O
Allaah grant Islam strenght [power] through the most beloved of the men to You Umar
Ibn Hisham or Umar ibn Khattab and Allaah Azza wajal choose Umar ibn Khattab.
So Umar became Muslim and he grew in Islam to become the second greatest after Abu
Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu anhu while Abu Jahl choose the other course and that is the
Fir’on of this Ummah. [
9 ‫ ها‬D9‫ و‬N1] everyone chooses a path. Now Umar Ibn
Khattab being the man he is, he didn’t want the event of his Islam to go un-noticed.
Umar ibn Khattab was a man for the Ummah. Some people they just want to be [you
know] do their Salah and do their small individual ‘Ibadaat and stay out of trouble stay
out of islamic work don’t do any thing just pray and do their fasting and be calm and
don’t be noticed, thats not Umbar ibn Khattab. Some people they just care about
themselves family and as long as i am alright and my family is alright everything is
okey. But umar ibn khattab was not such a person. Umar ibn khattab saw that Muslims
have been tortured, he wants to be like them. He saw them being persecuted, he wants
to be like them. He cared for the Ummah and thats why Umar ibn Khattab was a
statsman by nature. He had the virtues of a Khalifah. Because he was very very
concerned with the Ummah , he was a man for the Ummah. What pleases them pleases
him and what displeases them displeased him. And thats why Abu Bakr as-Siddique
appointed him a Khalifah. Thats infect the statement that Abu Bakr made he said,’he is
a man whose is pleased when the Ummah is pleased and displeased when the Ummah is
displeased.’ Umar was not a selfish person who is only caring about his direct family
like many of the Muslims today are. Umar bin Khattab wanted to join the Ummah in
their happiness and in their pain. When he saw Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe waslam
and Abu Bakr crying he came and he said,’tell me why are you crying? If it makes me
cry otherwise i will force myself to cry.’ So umar ibn khattab did not want his islam to
go un-noticed. so where does he go? Which house does he choose to go to? The house
of Abu Jahl. He goes to the house of Abu Jahl and knocks on his door. Abu Jahl opens
the door and says welcome son of khattab welcome because he did not know that he
became Muslim yet. He used to love umar ibn khattab because of his dedication to the
persecution of the Muslims. So he said welcome son of khattab. Umar ibn khattab
said,’i became a Muslim for your information’. Abu Jahl said what? he said I have
became Muslim. Abu Jahl said don’t do so, umar said well i did so. Abu Jahl slammed
the door on his face. Umar said,[V ‫ا‬8‫ ]
ه‬this is not what I am looking for?. Because
Umar Ibn Khattab wanted to be like the rest of the Ummah but no one in their sane
minds Quraysh no matter how much they hate islam were willing to take over the task
of torturing umar even Abu Jahl. Abu Jahl did not want to deal with it so he just closed
the door. Umar went to another house knocking the door welcome son of khattab ‘i
become a muslim’ he said don’t do so [D(E, N(E,#] i did so, closes the door. So there
was somebody watching what umar was doing. He went to umar and said,”it seems that
you want people to know that you have became Muslim isn’t so? He said yes, he said,
do you see that man over there? Go to him and tell him that you have became Muslim
and thats all you need” he was pointing towards Jameel Bin Ma’mr al-Jumahi. Jameel
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

ibn ma’amr is a man who can not hold any water in his mouth he was a mobile
transmitter a living braodcasting station. So he goes to him and he says [ D ‫ ا‬3 N 
!
] O Jameel I became Muslim. Abdullah ibn Umar Ibn Khattab said,”I was watching my
father”. He said when told Jameel that he became Muslim Jameel immediately stood up
without saying anything he just stood up sprang up dragged his [‫[ ]إزار‬lower garment]
and walking bristly towards al-Ka’ba where everybody is meeting. And then he says.”[
!
i!=] O people of Quraysh! Umar Ibn Khattab emrabced Islam Umar Ibn Khattab
embrace Islam Umar Ibn Khattab embrace Islam. Breaking news all over Mecca. Thats
all umar needed to do was to tell Jameel infect the narration says that Jameel wasn’t
saying that Umar was Muslim he was saying’[L]’ and Saba’ was a derrogretory term
people of Quraysh used to use when somebody would become a Muslim. So Umar was
following the Jameel trying to correct the information but when it gets on the front
page of a newspaper then its too late. Jameel was just running all over saying [   L
  L] and Umar Ibn Khattab is trying to correct the information by saying [ D ‫ ا‬N
D ‫ ا‬N] but there is nothing you could do. Now Jameel did it for Umar. The mob just
attacked from every direction and umar is in between them fighting for himself and they
are attacking him and he is getting hits from every side. What did umar do? He grabs [
(‫ ا ر‬L5] Utb’a Ibn Rabi’ah their noble man throws him to the ground sits on top of
him and then he sticks his fingers in his eyes. So Utba’a screams and then everybody
backs off. Abdullah says when he released Utaba’ah and he walked away the mob
attacked him again. Abdullah ibn Umar says whenever the mob will attack him he will
grab the most noble man he sees infront of him and stick his fingers in his eyes untill
they back off. And that kept on happeing again and again. He said, eventually umar
could not fight any further. People are attacking him from every direction. He sat down
while people were hitting him and then he said,’[ ‫ او‬1
97‫آ‬5 ‫ ـءات‬/H%H ‫وا  آ‬

7
‫ اه‬5‫آ‬,]’ if we were but three hundred strong you would either you leave it for us or
we would leave it for you” and this was a very Prophetic Statement. What Umar was
saying is if we were three hundred strong. If the Muslims were three hundred strong we
would fight you and either you live Mecca or we leave it for you. And Subhan Allaah
the order of Jihad was given Qitaal and the first army to meet al-Kufr was three hundred
and thirteen in Badr. So as if umar ibn khattab was waiting for it but the numbers were
not ready yet. We going to fight you but we are few. The narration says that Muslims
were about forty in Mecca when umar became Muslim. [‫ ]ا ا‬if that includes the
Muhajireen of al-Habasha or not. Because Muhajireen of al-Habasha could have been
[the majority of Muslim] made Hijrah to Habasha. Umar went to dar al-Arqum and he
asked Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam that, [’
75 ‫
وان‬7 ‫ ان‬Z‫
 ا‬7  ‫ ’]أ‬aren’t
we on the right path whether we live or die? Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam said
yes. Umar ibn khattab said,[‫
ء اذا‬E5"‫
ا‬:] then why should we hide? Why should our
Islam be underground? Why are we hiding? So rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam
agrees with umar and he arranges Muslims in two ranks and rasoolullah sallalahu
‘alaihe wasalam is standing between these two ranks and one rank is headed by Hamza
and other by umar. And they marched down the streets of Mecca declaring [ #‫ ا ا ا‬9Q‫أ‬
‫ ان  ا رل ا‬9Q‫ ]ا و أ‬that was the public declration to Islam in Mecca. And it
happend when umar and hamza became muslims. And difference in time between their
islam according to one narration was three days. The narrator says, when they reached
to al-ka’ba and the people of Quraysh saw umar and Humza [j= K', p‫ آ‬95
‫[ ]ا‬make
correction if needed]they became depressed like never before. Because now they has
seen strength that Allaah has given to islam through Hamza and umar. And thats the
day in which Umar was given the name al-Farooq [‫
روق‬E‫ ]ا‬by Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam. Al-Farooq the Criterion, he is the criteria of Haqq & Batil. He is the

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

criteria that separated between the truth and falsehood. Al-Farooq this name was given
to him by Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam to him. The islam of Umar had great
impact on the early Islamic Movement. Abdullah Ibn Masa’ud radhiAllahu anhu says,”
5 97,
= ‫
ا‬:  
‫ ا‬5 D
 ‫ا‬E6 ‫ ان‬L5 6
‫
و‬75!‫ را‬3‫ و ا
  و‬7 ‫ة‬g‫ ا‬q

”[Please rectify Arabic errors if any Jazakallahu Khairun] ‫
ق‬7E\‫
و‬7': ‫آن‬,
He said, we became powerful when Umar Ibn Khattab became Muslim before we were
not able to even make a Tawaf around the Ka’ba [house of Allaah] or Pray. When he
became Muslim we fought them until they allowed us to Pray and make Tawaf around
the Ka’ba. He also says,
5 5
 ‫ف‬6‫' و‬6 ‫(ا‬5‫
وا ا‬75!‫ را‬3‫ ر  و‬,‫'ًا وإ
ر‬6 ,T‫ ً
و‬5:   ‫م‬%#‫آ
ن ا‬
[rectify Arabic errors if any Jazakallahu Khairun] '6 ‫آن‬, 5 97,
= ‫
ا‬:   ‫ا‬
Islam of Umar Ibn Khattab was an opening and his Hijrah was a victory and his reign
was mercy and we were not able to pray publically until he became Muslim. Suhaib ar-
Romi [‫ او‬K9] says,
E\‫= و‬% D‫
ال ا‬7 ‫ و‬/6%‫م ود  ا‬%#‫ا‬9q 7 ‫ ا‬M‫
ب ر‬R‫” ّ
ا   ا ا‬
[ rectify Arabic errors if any] 
6‫
وردد‬7
Wd ّ  E'6‫ وا‬D

“When Umar Ibn Khattab became Muslim Islam became public and we used to invite to
Islam publically and we use to sit in circle around the House of Allaah and we use to
make Tawaf around the House of Allaah and we started getting equal to the ones who
use to oppress us”. All of that because of the Islam of one man Umar Ibn Khattab
radhiAllahu anhu.
According to as-Sayuti the age of Umar Ibn Khattab when he became Muslim twenty
seven years old which is younger than the earlier narration which will be in his thirties.
But that’s the rough estimate of the age of the Umar Ibn Khattab when he became
Muslim, so he was young.

What about his hijrah?

Ibn Abbas said,”Ali Ibn Taalib told me that every Muslim made hijrah secretely except
Umar Ibn Khattab.” When he wanted to make hijrah he hung his sword on his neck and
he threw his bow over his shoulder and he have a batan hanging on his waist and he has
his hand full of arrows.[fully loaded] and then he walked to al-Haram to al-Ka’ba and
he made Tawaf. Now all the people of Quraysh were sitting around ka’ba and Umar Ibn
Khattab is making a Tawaf. Now the key word that Ali says,”71 5” [mutamukenun]
with the confidence. You know sometimes you could be going to a fight and you are
putting up a strong face while insdie you are trembling. [yea yea its alright I am fine I
am fine I am ready for it I am ready for it] and inside you are shaking but Ali said [
71 5] Mutamukenun he was so confident at ease about it. [71 5 ‫اف‬:] he made Tawaf
around the House with confidence then he stands behind the [‫
م ااه‬3] Maqam
Ibraheem and he prays. Ali ibn Abi Taalib said, “The leaders of Quraysh were sitting in
circles around Ka’ba Umar Ibn Khattab goes to those circles one by one and he stands
on top of every circle and he says”[‫ ا‬D‫
ه‬Q]” may these faces be disfigured. [ d! #‫و‬
a( ‫ا‬89 ‫ ]ا‬may Allaah Azza wajal humiliate these noses in the dirt. And then he did
not even knew the word nose which means Ma’atis that is he is telling them the organ
which you sneeze with. He is making fun of their noses Ma’atis and then he said [ 
ّ ‫ ا‬N1*! ‫ ]ارادا ان‬the one who wants her mother to breaved and his wife to be a widowed
and his children to be orphaned come and meet me behind that valley. If you want your
mother to cry for the loss of your son and your wife to live as a widow and your
children to be orphans come and meet me behind that valley. Alib ibn Taalib said,”no
body stood up except some of the fools of Mecca and he taught them a very good lesson

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

before they went back home.” Only Umar Ibn Khattab made hijrah publically everyone
else made it in hiding.
Umar Ibn Khattab had made an appointment with two of his friends. Ayaash ibn abi
Rabi’a and Hisham ibn al-Haris, that they are going to meet at this place out side of
Mecca and they are going to be accompanied on journey to Madina. And they said we
meet at this place and if you do not show up at this time that means that something had
happened [you were arrested or something] so whoever, is there would leave. So at the
appointed time Umar Ibn Khattab and Ayaash were there Hisham was not. And Hisham
was arrested and Umar Ibn Khattab says,”[,5E, /75: ]” they put him in tribulations and
he left Islam. So the others two headed to Madina Umar Ibn Khattab and ‘Ayaash. They
reached [‫
ء‬3‫ ]ا‬al-Quba or al-Qiba [both are correct] which is outside Madina and they
were hosted there but Abu Jahl being a dedicated man as he was a hard worker and the
one who put his life on the line and his effort,his wealth, his time to fight against the
religion of Allaah Azza wajal. Abu Jahl would not give up easily. So Abu Jahl along
with his brother al-Haris bin Hisham they go to the Madina because Ayaash ibn Abi
Rabi’a was their cousin and their maternal brother. [So Abu Jahl and his brother al-
Haris go to meet with ‘Ayaash whose their cousin and maternal brother.] ‘Ayaash was
the one who accompanying Umar Ibn Khattab. So they go to the Madina and
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam has not made hijrah yet he was the last sallalahu
alaihe waslam. So they go to Ayaash and they say.”your mother who is also their
mother made an oath that she will not seak shade and she will not comb her hair until
you come back.” His mother was a Mushrik and she made an oath that she will going to
stand in the sun of Mecca she is not going to comb her hair you see that that’s a difficult
oath. Sun of Mecca and you are not combing hair [
9 ‫ق‬:] Umar Ibn Khattab narrating
the story and he said so Ayaash felt sorry for her mother. So I told him,”do not believe
these two liars they want to deceive you and do not worry about your mother because
when the heat of Mecca picks up she is going to seek a shade and when her head gets
full of lice she is going to comb it.” Emotions cannot fool Umar Ibn Khattab. He cannot
be tricked he said [ 7‫ دا‬DR‫ و‬DR
 D  ] I am not a deceiver but at the sametime no
one can deceive me. Umar Ibn Khattab suspected that these men were lieing. So he said
do not worry about it and this oath that your mother made you will not be able to carry
on with it. Lice will fill up her hair and she will have to comb it eventually. Ayaash
said, no I have to go and fulfil the oath of my mother and I also have some money that I
want to get. [I have some money that I want to get from Mecca.] Umar Ibn Khattab told
him you know that I am one of the wealthy men of Mecca I will give you half of my
wealth but donnot go. Ayaah said no I must go. Umar Ibn Khattab said well if you insist
this camel of mine is strong, obedient and fast take it and you ever see anything
suspicious you can run away on its back. And he gave him his camel so they left
Madina. After a while Abu Jahl told Ayaash O my brother this camel of mine is horrible
you mind if we both share your camel? Ayaash being the nice man he said yes ofcourse
as soon as the camels sat down Abu Jahl and al-Haris attacked Ayaash they tied him up
and dragged him back to Mecca. And they put him under the Trials [Fitnah] and he
also gave up Islam.
Umar Ibn Khattab said we used to consider and they also used to consider that whoever
gives up Islam after they know Allaah Azza wajal there is no repentance for that. That’s
it they have no hope whatsoever. So when Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam came
to Madina we asked him about the situation of these men. So Allaah Azza wajal
revealed the Ayaat in Surat az-Zumar 52-55

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

/* 
 59.*: 8  
  
     
 
     !
"  !
#    $%
 &'( ) +*  , -
  *. /*!0
 1 2 .* $ 
3
 4 5  6 7
 9 ;)<  "*. 6 5 7* $=%  9 ;=> $=%  ; * A* B  . C% $ -
  .*
 95)
: 8 "* :?
 ') +* @ 

* 
 ; )<  "*. 6 5 7* $%  *
 ! 2 .*:  ; => 
"* : D
 ) +*  E*.: # E > 

* 

Say: "O My servants who have transgressed against [their souls]themselves! Despair
not of the mercy of Allah, verily [for] Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-
Forgiving, Most Merciful.'"And turn [to your Lord] in repentance and bow to His
will before the penalty comes upon you, (and) then you will not be helped. And
follow the best of that which is sent down to you from your Lord, before the penalty
comes on you of a sudden while you perceive not!
Umar said, as soon those ayaat were revealed i wrote them down and by the way umar
was one of few men of Quraysh who is literate and the one who taught him was the
father of Abu Sufiyan [‫
ن‬E ‫ ]ا‬so umar combines many skills, physical strength,
intelectual power, he was literate man, he was well versed in poetry, he had a very sharp
mind. Anyways he writes down these verses [ayaat] and he sends them to Mecca to
Hisham ibn Haris. One of the man who stayed behind and gave up Islam. All what umar
did was write down these verses. Hisham said i received these schroll and i would go to
the valleys in the mountain and read the verse and I would read again and again and I
didnot understand what umar meant? I didnot understand the meaning of these verses
because umar didnot write any commentary. The Ayaat say that Allaah if Forgiving if
you have commited wrong against yourself Allaah will Forgive. So Hisham said I asked
Allaah Azza wajal and I prayed to Allaah to give me the understanding.
Dear brothers and sisters when you do not understand something so pray to Allaah. You
know Ibn Taymiah used to say.”that i would recite a verse and i would go and read the
tafseer of the ayaah i would read eighty different views on this particular verse but none
of them would appeal to me, so i would go out to the ruins and i would stick my face in
the dirt and make sujood and pray to Allaah Azza wajal to give me the understanding.”
And this is the scholar Ibn Taymiah. So Hisham ibn Haris is praying to Allaah Azza
wajal to give him understanding. He said then I realized that these verses were revealed
talking about us and the ones who are in similar situations. And I realized that Allaah
Azza wajal is giving us another chance. And thats when I mounted my camel and went
towards Madina.
Brothers and sisters there is very important lesson to learn here from this story of Hijrah
of Umar and Ayaash. Umar told Ayaash do not believe them they will deceive you. The
important lesson to learn here is never ever trust al-Kuffar. Do not trust them. You
might argue but my neighbour is such a nice person. My classmates are such a nice, my
co-workers are such a fabulous people, they are so decent, so honest, I know the only
problem is that we muslims are giving Islam a bad name, these terrorists will stop what
they are doing and we give them Da’wah the right way and every body will become
Muslim. Now I am not going to argue that your neighbour is not nice person or
classmate or they truely might be decent and nice person. Brothers when we make a
judgement about Kufr. Making a judgement based on Kufr on your neighbour and then
you make a Qiyas alright and then you generalize and you make a judgement according
to one person that you know. Because this person that you know is not the one who is
calling the shots and when Qur’an talks about Kufaar and the leaders of Kufaar [leaders
of Kufr]. The one who are pulling the strings. Do not make a judgement on Kufr based
on Jean, Bow and John. You do not base it on Joe six pack or soccer man you make the
judgement based on the leaders of the Kufr. And these are the one whom Allaah Azza
wajal talks about in the Qur’an and gave them name [‫ء‬% ‫ ]ا‬al-Malao. In one verse after
another verse Allaah Azza wajal talks about al-Mala’ Qur’an does not waste its time

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

talking about the people who are just fillings and do not make any decisions. Qur’an
talks about the decision makers on both sides on the Camp of good and the Camp of
evil but the followers because they donot care so Qur’an doesn’t care about them either.
Just like in the story of [D ‫ ]ا‬as-Sabat [when] this is the story which happened in Bani
Israel. They devided into three Camps. One Camp committing evil which is fishing on
the as-Sabat. The second Camp was making [17 ‫ ا( ا‬96‫ ]ا
 (وف و‬they were
telling them what you were doing is wrong and then there was a third Camp that was
quite. Allaah Azza wajal told us the Fate of the evil doers, that were transformed into
pigs and monkeys that is in Surat al-‘Araf [‫اف‬#‫ ]رة ا‬and it tells us about the one
who are preventing this evil that they were saved and it completly ignores the third one
who did nothing. Allaah Azza wajal talks about al-Mala [the leaders], Allaah Azza
wajal says, [ ‫ل‬%M : ‫اك‬7 ‫ء  = ان‬% ‫ ]=
ل ا‬Allaah Azza wajal says that the leaders
of the people of Noah have said,”you are being deceived [you are mislead]”. Allaah
Azza wajal says about Aad [‫]
د‬, [ b7W7 ‫ن‬ ّ ‫ وا‬/ٍ 
E : ‫اك‬7
76‫وا  = ا‬E‫! آ‬8‫ء ا‬% ‫=
ل ا‬
‫
ذ‬1‫ ] ا‬the leaders of ‘Aad said,[/ٍ 
E : ‫اك‬7
76‫ ] ا‬we see that you have feeble mind
and we think that you are a liar. So it just talking about the leaders Allaah Azza wajal
talks about the leaders of Sho’aib [ ‫ا‬7‫! ءا‬8‫ وا‬K(Q
! b7R7 =  15‫! ا‬8‫ء ا‬% ‫=
ل ا‬

75 : ‫( ون‬,‫
او‬5!=  b(] the leaders of the people of Sho’aib said, we going to drive
you out of our land you and the ones who followed you if you don’t give up your
religion. Allaah Azza wajal says about the people of Fir’on [‫ن‬:] [ ‫ء  =م‬% ‫=
ل ا‬
 
 ‫ا‬8‫ن ان ه‬:] the leaders of Fir’on said that he [Musa] is a knowledgeable
socceror. It also says about them
‫
ءه‬7‫ ا‬N536
 ‫ =
ل‬b,‫ء‬N‫رك اه‬8!‫رض و‬#‫ ا‬:
 ‫ وا‬E =‫رو  و‬8,‫ن ا‬: ‫ء  =م‬% ‫و=
ل ا‬
[Correct: mistake in the Arabic Script if any ‫ =
هون‬b7 ‫ق‬: ‫ _ءه وان‬6 B5 6‫و‬
Jazakklahu Khairun]
Just talking about the people of Fir’on [Pharoah] who are lobyying they are lobyying
Fir’on and inciting him they said,’you will going to leave Musa do whatever he wants?
That’s when Fir’on said we are going to kill him’ so they are lobying Fir’aon to kill the
believers. These are al-Mala [Check for errors in arabic text and rectify them
Jazakallahu khair]
 !  ‫ج‬# ‫ب‬%
&'( ‫*ون‬+
‫ء‬- ‫ ل
! ان‬/ !*0
1
‫! ا‬/‫& ا‬2‫ء ر‬42‫و‬
56 ‫ا‬
“And a man came from the other end of town to warn Musa and tell him that the
leaders are plotting to kill you leave I am giving you a sincere advise”

Brothers and sisters that’s what they are doing today. They are plotting to kill this
religion. Don’t make Qiyas based on your friend. Who is not a decision maker. Allaah
Azza wajal is telling you that the leaders of the Kufr are plotting against you and Allaah
Azza wajal says they are plotting so much to says [‫
ر‬97‫ 
ا‬% ‫وا‬1 N] “they are plotting
night and day”. And there plotting is so great. Allaah Azza wajal says about it [ D6
‫وان آ‬
‫
ل‬T‫ول ا‬g5 ‫وا‬1] “there plotting is sufficient to move the mountains from there places.”
After all of this you will trust them?. You know these nice neighbours and wonderful
co-workers and friends. All work needed for Melozovich to tell them that the Muslims
are evil people that’s all what was needed and they pounced on the Muslims like wild
beasts. This is in twentieth century Europe. So those who are counting on Democracy
and Human Rights and the Civilised World and Amnesty International do not be
foolded. Allaah Azza wajal is telling you that they are upto no good. And Allaah Azza
wajal tells you [‫ءآ‬e 
 ‫“ ]وا ا‬Allaah Azza wajal knows your enimies.” Are you
going to go with what Allaah Azza wajal tells you? Or you are going to go with
assumptions? Allaah Azza wajal says,
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

[Correct mistakes if any Jazakallahu ‫ء‬e ‫ن‬615: ‫و‬E‫و آ


آ‬E1,  ‫د‬t ‫و‬
khairun]
‘They want you to disbelieve so you would become equal to them’
[Correct mistakes if any Jazakallahu 95 L5, 5 ‫'
راى‬6 ‫دو و‬9‫ ا‬b7
M, ‫و‬
khairun]
The Jews and the Christians will not be pleased untill you become like them. How can
you have trust in leaders of Kufr when today, right now [right now] there are Muslim
brothers who are in jail. Every sinister method of interrogation is being used against
them. They would use against them homosexual to raped them. They would bring their
mothers and sisters and wives and rape them infront of these brothers. Now that’s true
that its not happening in the west but the west knows about it. United nations knows
about it and Amnesty international knows about it and they are doing nothing. Infact
sometimes they are encouraging it. There is something happened today. And we have
seen what happened yesterday to our brothers in Bosnia. So Allaah Azza wajal tells you
in Qur’an what you need to know but the thing is that many of us are gallable and naïve.
Umar Ibn Khattab knew it very well and he said [ ‫ ك‬7 b75E #‫ ]
!! ون ا‬all they want is
to deceive you from your religion. That’s what they are upto. So we need to wisen up
and not be dupped. Malcom X [32:06] says “we have been Bambozo”. By the way this
thing that’s not going to happen to us, it’s a civilised world , demoracy , human rights.

Brothers and sisters when it comes to religious freedom Mecca have more religious
freedom than the west today. Before the Da’wa of Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa
salam Mecca had Christians, it had Jews, it has followers of the religion of Ibrahim and
they were tolerated. There was [N:6  =‫ ]ور‬Warqa Ibn Nofel who was a Christian there
was [N:6  ‫ ] ز!  ا‬Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nofail who was on the religion of Ibrahim
and Jews use to come in and out. But the thing is the system of Kufr will tolerate
everything accept Islam. They will tolerate gays, lisbeans, but its not going to tolerate
the message of truth. That is how the system of Shaytan is designed. When it comes to
the freedom of speech Souq al-Kaf is equal or better than speakers corner of High Park.
The tradition of freedom of speech in Mecca was great. You could go stand up and say
whatever you want. Nobody is going to harm you. It was a pretty much democratic
system in Quraysh there wasn’t tyrent they didn’t have this one leader who is imposing
the military rules on them. Everyone in Mecca could do whatever they want. It was very
very free society. But the thing is when Islam came in the same “Islam was not
tolerated” because that’s the way of Shaytan. To tolerate everything except the truth. So
beware! Be cautious! Take the advice of Umar Ibn Khattab be careful do not trust the
enemies of Allaah. Especially brothers do not trust the Mouth Piece Of Shaytan
“Western Media”
One brother comes to you and says you know what happened? What happened ? listen
listen…… by the way did you hear it? Reliable sources.. what? CNN “it was a two hour
documentary on CNN man they showed everything.” BECAREFUL. And back to the
issue of masses of people. Masses of people they are decent and they are nice but the
thing is if, if they do not wake up from the dream world that they are living in they are
not going to wake up until they end up in the Hell Fire. And then they will blame the
leaders that you are the one who brought us here and they will ask Allaah Azza wajal to
multiply their punishments on their leaders. We have quite their confirmations in the
Qur’an that happened between the leadership and their followers. And Allaah Azza
wajal gives us the reasons why? [3
:
ً =‫ا‬6
‫ آ‬96‫ ا‬F(p: = kR5 :] Allaah Azza
wajal says, “Fir’aon belittled his people so they followed him they were people who
were corrupt.”so Allaah Azza wajal says the masses followed Fir’aon, why? Because

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

they were [Fasiqeen] they had [‫ ق‬:] they were attached to the Dunya [world] they
were attached to their jobs. They were attached to the status quo, they were attached to
their Shahawat [‫ات‬9Q] their desires, and that mislead them and that’s need restricted.
So in Bosnia that’s what happened. They were nice, I mean a brother telling me that
they use to date our woman, they used to be very close to us, neighbour to neighbour
very close, but then Melosovich tricked them by bringing up them false legends history
and these nationalalistic songs and all of that. It inspired the people and they turned
against the Muslims. They were so gallable and naïve that all them took that few
nationalistic songs and few events in the history that were fabricated and not even true
and they just attacked the Muslims. That just how easy it was to deceive these masses.
Who otherwise, before that very decent, honest and nice people. But the thing is that
many of the people just follow what is told or what they are told.

Umar Ibn Khattab and Qur’an:

We said in the last session that Umar Ibn Khattab the truth will flow out naturally on his
tongue. He was a Muhadas. Umar Ibn Khattab says about himself [that is in al-
Bukhari],”Allaah agreed with me on three occasions”[Allaahu Akbar Subhan Allaah]
Allaah agreed with me on three occasions Umar Ibn Khattab says something and Allaah
agrees with him. [Make correction in Arabic text if needed Jazkallahu khairun]
[ ' ‫
م ااه‬3  ‫وا‬8R,‫ وا‬D‫ا‬g7: ' ‫
م ااه‬3 
68R,‫ !
رل ا  إ‬D3: ‫ث‬%H : D3:‫]وا‬
Umar Ibn Khattab said,”why don’t we take the standing of Ibrahim as a prayer? So
Allaah Azza wajal revealed the verse and take the standing place of Ibrahim as a place
of prayer.” [Make correction in Arabic text if needed Jazkallahu khairun]
[‫
ب‬T D!‫ ا‬Dg7: 
E‫ ا وا‬9 1! 6;: T5‫ _ء آ
ن ا‬6 7,‫ !
رل ا  ا‬D= : ‫
ب‬T‫ ا‬D!‫]وا‬
I told Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam O Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
why don’t you order your women to have Hijaab? Because they are speaking to men
who could be good or evil. And that’s when the Ayaat of Hijaab was revealed.
‫ ان !  ازواج "ًا‬336‫   ر ا‬9 D3:  FY‫ ا‬: ‫  ا  وا و‬6 ‫ _ء‬6 L 5‫و‬
[Make correction in Arabic text if needed Jazkallahu khairun] D!#‫ ا‬Dg7: 17
The wives of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam had jealousy and the wives of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam because of their jealousy they made this plan and
they told Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam something [the whole thing was
because of their jealousy between them ] Umar Ibn Khattab caught words of that so he
went to the wives of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam he brought them together
and he said,”if you don’t stop what you are doing? Allaah Azza wajal will replace you
with better wives for His Messenger” and he was giving them this harsh advice. So one
of these wives of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was upset and she said,”what
do you think? Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is unable to give us Naseeha [
156 ] ? that you come and give us Naseeha? Who are you to come and give us
Naseeha?” Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam could do that. But an Ayaat was
revealed saying

رًا‬1‫ت ا‬
ٍ
\ ‫ت‬
ٍ

 ‫ت‬
ٍ ‫ت  ا‬
ٍ
‫
ء‬, ‫ت‬
ٍ
56
= ‫ت‬
ٍ
7A ‫  
ت‬17 ‫  ر ان !  ازواج "ًا‬
[Make correction in Arabic text if needed Jazkallahu khairun]
Allaah Azza wajal can give him wives better than you to the end of the ayaat. These are
three event which he mentions that’s not it as there are some other events that
happened.
Abdullah Ibn Obaiy [V‫ ] ا ا ا‬the leader of the Munafiqeen [3:
7] he was the top
Munafiq in the Madina. When he passed away Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
wanted to lead his Jinazah [‫
زة‬7] after all what he has done. Rasoolullah sallalahu

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

alaihe wa salam still wanted to lead his Jinazah. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam is standing ready to lead Salat ul Jinazah Umar Ibn Khattab comes and stands
infron of him. And he says,”O Messenger of Allaah! You want to pray on this man who
did this and this and this…..” he said that when I kept on going Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam was only smiling. When I was not stopping and mentioning all his evil
sins Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”move away from me Umar Ibn
Khattab”. Allaah Azza wajal had told me [ ‫ا‬EY! : ‫ ( رة‬9EY5 , # ‫ او‬9EY5‫]أ‬
“Ask for forgiveness for them or don’t ask forgiveness for them even if you ask
forgiveness seventy times Allaah will not forgive them”. So if I know that if I make
Istighfaar seventy one times if that would help them I would do so, so Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam prayed on Abdullah ibn Obaey. And then he followed his
Jinazah and stood on his grave asking Allaah to forgive him. Umar Ibn Khattab
said,”Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was surprised by my boldness.” Umar Ibn
Khattab comes and stands infront of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam to prevent
him from praying [leading him the Salah]. And he argues with Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam and then Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told him move away.
Umar Ibn Khattab says a short while after that Allaah Azza wajal reveals the Ayaat [at-
Tawbah 9:84]
‫ن‬
ً 3
: ‫اوه‬,
‫وا 
ور و‬E‫ آ‬96‫ ا‬F=  3,#‫ 
ت ا ا و‬97 ‫  ا‬N', #‫و‬
Allaah Azza wajal says,”donot ever pray for any of them that dies and donot stand on
his grave for they rejected Allaah and His Messenger and they died as unbelievers.”
Allaah Azza wajal is telling Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam never ever pray on
the Munafiq, so it came to confirm what Umar Ibn Khattab have said.
In the Battle of Badr Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam have seventy prisoners of
war. This is the first battle of Islam so they were many new things and the Laws weren’t
revealed yet relating to those issues. One of them was the issue of [Pow] Prisoners of
War. They had seventy prisoners of war what should we do with them? As usual
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam makes a Shoora [‫رى‬Q] with them. Abu Bakr
Siddique radhiAllahu anhu said,”these are our relatives, our fathers, brothers, coursins,
why don’t we ransom them? The money that is paid we will going to strengthen the
Muslims and these men might grow one day to become Muslim and that would
strengthen Islam.” Umar Ibn Khattab said,”O Messenger of Allaah! I disagree with
what Abu Bakr said. I say you should hand over to Ali his brother [N3] ‘Aqeel to
execute him. You hand over to Hamzah his brother so and so to execute him, you hand
over to me my relative to execute him. And he went on and on.”so Allaah knows the we
have no mercy in our hearts for the disbelievers. [E1‫  ا‬F‫
اد‬73‫ ا او   ا‬F! 5]
[Please correct errors if any] “give a message to the believers and to disbelievers and to
show Allaah that we have no mercy in our hearts for Kufr”. Abdullah ibn Rawah have
said, my view is that you dig a ditch [a trench] and you fill it with wood and you burn
them. That was the opinion of Abdullah bin Rawaha. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam left and Sahaaba were debating which opinion would he choose.some say
Abdullah ibn Rawaha’s some say Umar Ibn Khattab and some say Abu Bakr’s.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam comes out and he adopts the opinion of Abu Bakr
that we accept friends. And there is a longer Hadith in al-Ahmad relating to this.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam came out and he said,””
 ‫ ا‬Q‫ن أ‬1, 5 : ‫ ! وا =ب ر
ٍل‬# ‫ن ا
ن  وان ا‬1, 5 : ‫ا =ب ر
ٍل‬6 B! # ‫ان ا‬

رة‬T‫ا‬
[Please rectify errors in arabic script Jazkallahu khairun]
“Allaah Azza wajal softens some hearts so they become as soft as milk and Allaah Azza
wajal makes some heart hard and strong so that they become like rock.”

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

‫ر ا‬EY‫ ا‬b6


' ‫ و‬B7‫;ن ه‬: 7(\  ‫م =
ل‬% ‫ ااه  ا‬N* ‫ آ‬1 ‫ !
ا‬b* ‫وان‬
[Please rectify errors in arabic script Jazkallahu khairun]
And anology of you and Abu Bakr is that of Ibrahim alaihe salam you are similar to
Ibrahim alaihe salam who said “whoever follows me is from me and whoever disobeys
me You are Forging and Merciful” and you are also similar to 'Isa [‫م‬% ‫]   ا‬
1‫ ا‬g!g(‫ ا‬D6‫ أ‬b6;: 9 ‫ك‬EY, ‫ وان‬b‫ا‬8 96;: 98(, ‫=
ل ان‬
[Please rectify errors in arabic script Jazkallahu khairun]
“If You punish them they are Your servants and if Your Forgive them You are al-‘Aziz
ul Hakeem.” [ ‫ح‬6 N* ‫ !
  آ‬b* ‫ ]وان‬you Umar Ibn Khattab are similar to Noah alaihe
salam.
[Please rectify errors in arabic Jazkallahu khairun] ‫! د!
ر‬:
1‫رض  ا‬#‫ر  ا‬8, # ‫=
ل ر‬
Noah said O Allaah donot leave any disbeliever on the face of the earth. And you are
also similar to Musa who said,
[Please rectify errors in arabic Jazkallahu ‫اب ا‬8(‫ !وا‬5 ‫ا‬7A! %: 9=  ‫ د‬Q‫رب ا‬
khairun]
O Allaah make their hearts sealed so that they donot believe until they see the
punishment.
And then Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam accepted the advice of Abu Bakr. Later
on Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu sees Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and
Abu Bakr crying. So he goes to them sand says,”why are you crying? If it makes me cry
then I will cry otherwise I will force myself to cry.” Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam said,”we are crying because Allaah Azza wajal [showed] presented me with the
punishment that was going to befall us because we accepted the ransom.”and Allaah
Azza wajal revealed to me the following verses [Ayaat][Sura al-Anfal 8:67-68]
1 g!g ‫ وا‬F"#‫
وا !! ا‬6 ‫! ون ض ا‬, ‫رض‬#‫ ا‬: R*! 5 ‫ن  اى‬1! ‫ ان‬7 ‫
آ
ن‬
W ‫اب‬8 ,8"‫ 
ا‬: 1  ‫
ب  ا‬5‫ آ‬#
Allaah Azza wajal says, it is not fitting for a prophet that he should have prisoners of
war
[PoW] until he has caused bloodshed among the disbelievers. You look for temporal
goods of this world but Allaah looks at the hereafter and Allaah is Exalted in Might and
Rights. Had it not been for previousely ordainedment from Allaah a severe punishment
would have reached you for the ransom that you took.
So Allaah Azza wajal telling Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam this was the first
time that you fight with the Kufaar you should have executed them all. You should have
caused bloodshed on the land among the Kufaar. So Allaah Azza wajal disapproved
taking the ransom. But Allaah says that punishment will come down however, it was
already ordained. That the [/ 7d] Ghaneema is Halal for this Ummah. So that’s why
the punishment was with held. So Qur’an came approving the opinion of Umar Ibn
Khattab radhiAllahu anhu when it came to those prisoners of war.
Another incident: Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam to send a servant to call Umar
Ibn Khattab and this was at noon. In those days they didn’t have these locked gates
doors all what they had was mud houses very small. And there would be a curtain
hanging on the entrance and just walk in. so Umar Ibn Khattab was sleeping and part of
his body was uncovered. So this servant comes in and he calls Umar Ibn Khattab. Umar
Ibn Khattab said,”O Allaah! Ban allowing people to visit us at these times. ” Umar Ibn
Khattab felt uncompfortable for this man walking in and seeing him with part of his
body uncovered. Now there was already an Ayaat that was revealed that “you should
seek permission before you go in” however, this was for foreigner people. But with
your slaves and your children and your direct family members there wasn’t any

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

permission. They would just walk in any time. So this was the servant of Umar Ibn
Khattab and he walked in. Allaah Azza wajal revealed the ayaah [an-Nur 24:58]
‫ و‬TE‫ة ا‬% N=  ‫ث ات‬%H 17 ‫ا ا‬Y!  !8‫ وا‬16
!‫ ا‬D1 !8‫ ا‬16‫
ذ‬5  ‫ا‬7‫! ا‬8‫
ا‬9!
!
‫ن‬:‫
ح ( ه \ا‬7 9 #‫ و‬1 a 1 ‫ث رات‬%H ‫ة ا(
ء‬% (  ‫ة‬9W‫  ا‬1
H ‫(ن‬C,
1  ‫!
ت وا‬#‫ ا‬1 ‫ ! ا‬b8‫  (] آ‬1C( 1
O you who believe! Let those whom your right hands possesses and the children among
you who have not come up age ask not your permission before they come to your
presence on three occasions. Before morning prayers, while you undress for the noon
day heat and after the ‘isha prayer these are your three times of undress…... So the
children who are of not the age of puberty yet need to ask permission before they come
into the room. At these different three times. After Salatal ‘Isha[‫ة ا(_ء‬%] and before
Salatal Fajr[TE‫ة ا‬%] and after [9W‫ة ا‬%] Salatul Zuhr [Siasta time] because in the hot
climate of Madina they would sleep at mid-day.
And Ibn ‘Abbas says this is one of the ayaat of Qur’an that people are not applying or
practicing anymore. You sing about those old days now its not practiced. You have to
teach your children this habbit they don’t just walk into your room at any time. They
can walk in at any other time but these three times they shouldn’t. seek permission first.
Also we will move to the next section which is the:

Jihad of Umar Ibn Khattab with Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam:

We already mentioned part of story of Badr the prisoners of war there are two other
incidences that happened in Ghazwatul Badr. You have Suhail Ibn ‘Amir, was very
eloquent speaker from Quraysh. And he used his this ability to fight Islam. He was one
of the prisoner of war [PoW]. Umar Ibn Khattab went to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam and said,”O Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam allow me to pluck out the
front teeth of Suhail so that his tongue would hang out and he wouldn’t be able to speak
against you again.” Take out the front teeth so his tongue will just hang out in his mouth
and he would not be able to talk against you again. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam said,”
‫ا‬7W, # ‫
م‬3 ‫م‬3! ‫ و' ان‬B6 57‫ ا ح  ا ح ا  وان آ‬#
[Please rectify errors in arabic Jazkallahu khairun]
He said I am not going to mutilate him because Allaah will mutilate me even if I am a
Prophet. And may be one day he will take a stand that will impress you. So Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam said that I am not allowed to do something like that and then
he said, one day he will take a stance that you will like. Subhan Allaah this disbeliever
Suhail ibn ‘Amr who became Muslim very late after [! ‫ ]` ا‬Sulha al-Hudaibiya.
When Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam passed away people of Mecca many of
them commited Rida’ [‫[ ]ردّا‬apostacy] and the governor of Mecca ‘Ataab Ibn Usaid [
‫
ب ا او‬5] who was appointed by Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam he went
into hiding. It was Suhail Ibn ‘Amr who stood up and invited the people of Quraysh and
said,”the death of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam only make Islam stronger and
whosoever gives up Islam I am going to behead him.” And it was only because of
Suhail ibn Amr the people of Mecca remained on Islam. That was the position that
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was refering to. So don’t be in a hurry don’t
punish this man because one day this tongue will benefit Islam.
Another occasion was Umair ibn Wahab [K‫ ]  ا وه‬was Umair Ibn Wahab and his
son was taken as [PoW] Umair Ibn Wahab was a very wicked man. Umair Ibn Waheb
after the Battle of Badr went to Madina. Umar Ibn Khattab was sitting up with some of
the Sahaaba talking about the Battle of Badr. And he saw Umair Ibn Waheb

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

approaching him with his sword hanging from his neck. Umar Ibn Khattab said,”that
dog [ ‫  وا‬K‫ ]آ‬he is the enmy of Allaah and he is here for evil.” Because see the
Farasah of Umar Ibn Khattab he said this man came for evil. And he immediately rush
to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam he came and said,”the enemy of Allaah Umair
is here and he is no good” Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said bring him in.
Umar Ibn Khattab goes and he wraps the sword around Umair ibn Waheb and he ties
him up and he brings him in to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam says [ 
! ‫ ]ارا‬leave him alone O Umar Ibn Khattab. And
then Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam tells Umair, [ 1,‫ ]
ـء‬why did you come
here? He said O Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam [first thing that he actually said
was [‫( 
ح‬6‫“ ]ا‬Good Morning”] Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said we have a
better greeting then that. [,
‫ ا وآ‬/ ‫ ور‬1 ‫م و‬% ‫ ]ا‬Allaah has given us something
better than good night and good morning. [ 
! b‫ ]

ء‬why are you here O Umair?
He said I came here to ransom my son. He said Umair tell me the truth? Why did you
come here? He said I am telling you the truth that’s the only reason why I came here.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said then what is that sword doing on your neck?
He said,[‫ء‬pQ ّ  ‫ ه‬D7d‫ ا‬N‫ ف وه‬9‫[ ]=
ح ه‬Make correction in Arabic Text if needed]
may evil befall on these swords what good have they done? We lost in Badr
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said no that’s not why you came here. The reason
why you came here is because you have met with Sufwan Ibn Umaya [7 ‫ان ا( ا‬86]
Nex to al-Ka’ba and you told Sufwan if it wasn’t because you have daughters and you
fear for their wellfare if you die and you are in debt you would go and kill Muhammad
sallalahu alaihe wa salam and then Sufwan Ibn Umayah told you I am going to take
care of your daughters just as if they are mine and I am going to pay your debt and you
agreed to come and kill me that’s why you came here Umair. Umair said,”that
conversation was witnessed by no one but me and Safwan.” So I testify and bear
witness that there is no god except Allaah and you are the Messenger of Allaah. He
became Muslim. Back in Mecca Safwan was telling the people wait you will just hear a
very good news in few days. Umair comes back and tells Safwan that I have became
Muslim. You can also notice that Umar Ibn Khattab had a very great sense of security.
Because he knew that this man is intending evil and when he went in and grabed him
and wrapped his sword around him and took him to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told him to leave him alone. Umar Ibn
Khattab told some Ansaar [‫'
ر‬6‫ ]ا‬he told them becareful from this man this man is here
for an evil purpose protect Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam from him. So Umar
Ibn Khattab had very good sense of security. You can see into this incident and you can
see it in some other stuff that we have talked about earlier with ‘Ayaash, he told him to
becareful from Abu Jahl. And so he had a very good sense of security and this is a good
thing to have and no to be dupped.

‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و و‬6   ‫ ا‬

1st May 1, 2009


07th Jamada I 1430

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

PART 3

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

‫اذ 
 ا
ن ا   ا ا
ن ا‬
‫ 
آ*ًا‬, ‫
 و اه و و‬6   ‫م‬% ‫ة وا‬%'‫ا ا‬
We carry on with the Jihad of Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu with Muhammad
sallalahu alaihe wa salam, we talked about Battle of Badr now we move on to the Battle
of Uhud Uhud started out as a victory for the Muslims. The army of al-Mushrikin was
running away but because of the disobedience of the few the whole suffered.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam has appointed fifty archers to stay on the hill and
not to move from their place. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, even if you
see birds eating from our dead bodies, vultures eating from our dead bodies DONOT
come down until I tell you. And if you see us winning DONOT come down until I tell
you. Very clear orders but forty of the fifty disobeyed those orders of Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam and they came down from the moutains because they thought
that the battle is over. That’s when Khaalid Ibn Waleed with his eyes of an eagle caught
the weak spot and he made his move and he attacked the Muslims from behind so the
victory was turned into defeat. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam very swiftly
changed his plan and he retreated up the Mountain of Uhud and he went into some of
the cravices [the cracks into the mountain]. He climbed up thus protecting the rest of the
Muslim army and the Mushrikeen of the Quraysh did not pursue them any further.
However, there was a rumour that went around that Ibn Qamiyah has killed Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam. He claimed that he has killed Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam. Infact he injured Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. So Abu Sufyaan wants
to know the facts. So he goes off abit in the mountain and he screams [shouts] says.
[‫م  ؟‬3‫ ا‬: ‫]أ‬
is Muhammad among you? Because Muslims are now hiding [  ‫م‬3‫ ا‬: ‫]أ‬
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said [‫ا‬T, #] do not respond back. He then said
‫ ؟‬:
= ‫م ا ا‬3‫ ا‬: ‫أ‬
he used to call Abu Bakr Abi Qahafa [the nickname of his father was Abi Qahafa] he
said,”is Abu Bakr among you?” Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,” [‫ا‬T, #]
do not respond back” he said,
[‫
ب ؟‬R‫م   ا ا‬3‫ ا‬: ‫]أ‬
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said donot answer back. Abu Sufyaan then
said
[‫
ا‬y ‫ا ا
ء‬6
‫ آ‬: ‫ا‬5= ‫ء‬zA‫]ان ه‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
these men have been killed if they were alive they would have responded back
Why did Abu Sufyaan only asked about only these three? Because he and the Kufaar
recognized that these are the pivots of the society of the Muslim community. [ ‫رل ا‬
!!‫ ] ا  و و وز‬Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and his two advisors
Abu Bakr and Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhum. And it shows you the status of
Abu Bakr and Umar Ibn Khattab wasn’t only recognized in Muslim community but it
was also recognized among al-Mushrikeens. When Umar Ibn Khattab heard that
statement he couldn’t hold back. He said,
[b!8R!
 b ‫ ا‬3‫ !
 وا ا‬D8‫] آ‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
he said, you lieing you enemy of Allaah the ones who are mentioned are alive to upset
you. So Abu Sufyaan said, “[N‫ ”]=(ا ه‬raise Hubl [is one of their many gods.]
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”[‫ا‬T, #‫ ”]أ‬aren’t you going to respond

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

back? They said what should we say? He said, say [N‫ ]ا ا و ا‬Allaah is Higher and
Great. Abu Sufyaan said,” [1 ‫ى‬g‫ا‬#‫
و‬7 ‫ى‬g#‫ ”]ا‬we have Uza and you have no Uza
[Uza is another of their gods.] Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, [‫ا‬T,#‫]ا‬
aren’t you going to respond back? They said what should we say? He said, says
[1 #‫
و‬6# ‫]ا‬
Allaah is our protector and you have no protector.
And then Abu Sufyaan said
[ 7( , ‫
و‬9‫ ون '`  ا‬T5‫
ل و‬T ‫ !( واب‬#‫]!م م  ر و‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
he said, days rotate one day you win and one day you loose and this day is our
payback for the day of Badr.And then he said,
[ B7( , ‫
و‬9‫ ون * وا‬T5‫]و‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
you are going to find some mutilation I did not order it but I also don’t approve. He
was refering to the bodies of who were mutilated such as body of Hamzah ibn Muttalib
radhiAllahu anhu his body was mutilated Hind ask for his liver to be plucked out so that
she can eat it. She had a bite from it but then she had to spit it out. So abu Sufyaan says
I am not the one who calls for this mutilation of bodies but in at the same time I am not
very upset about it that happened. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said [‫ا‬9 :‫]أ‬
aren’t you going to respond back? They said what should we say?
[‫
ر‬7‫ ا‬:
6%5= ‫ و‬/7T‫ ا‬:
6%5= ‫ء‬e #]
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
respond back by saying "we are not equal our dead are in Paradise and your dead are
in Hell Fire". Because Abu Sufyaan was saying that now its tit for tat we are equal
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is saying no we are not even its not the same
because dead among us goes to Jannah and dead among you goes to Jahanum [Hell]. It
was Umar Ibn Khattab who was doing that talking so Abu Sufyaan got bit closer to
Umar Ibn Khattab and he said [ 5 +/‫ ]أ@ ك ا>
= أ‬I ask you in the name of Allaah
Umar Ibn Khattab did we kill Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam? Umar Ibn Khattab
said,
[ ‫ن‬e b%‫  (ن آ‬6‫ وا‬# 9‫]ا‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
in the name of Allaah now and he is right here listening to you talking. Abu Sufyaan
said
[ ‫ وا‬/( = ‫ ى  وا‬7 ‫ ا ق‬D6‫ ى وا ا‬7 ‫ ا ق‬D6‫]ا‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
you are more truthful to me and righteous than Ibn Abi Qamia’ I will believe you not
ibn Abi Qamia’h

In the Ghazwat bani Mustalaq one of the Muhajireen kicked one of the Ansaar so the
Ansaari said [‫'
ر‬6#‫ ا‬N‫ ]!
اه‬he is calling the Ansaar to gang up on the Muhaajir and the
Muhajir said [!
9 ‫ ا‬N‫ ]!
اه‬he is now calling for the Muhaajireen. And a fight was
about to start between the Campanions of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam for
such a small affair. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said
[1 7
6‫
ه وا‬T‫]ا ا ا‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
are you calling to the slogans of Jahiliyah and I am still living among you? You are
calling for this Nationalism, this Tribalism, while I am still here? And then he said [ ‫د=ا‬
+ B] then he said stay away from it because it has evil smell in it. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam is talking about the perils the evils of nationalism and

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

tribalism. He is telling them to stay away from it because it has an evil smell in it.
Abdullah Ibn Abaeey who was the head of the Munafiqeen when he heard about this
incidence he said
[ /‫ذ‬#‫
ا‬97 ‫ة‬g#‫ ا‬R /7! ‫
ا ا‬7(‫ن ـءن ر‬3! ‫(ا‬:‫] ا‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
that what they have done when we go back to Madina the noble one will drive out the
lowely one. What Abdullah ibn Abaeey was refering to is that, he the noble one is going
to drive out Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam the lowely one. These were the
words of the head of the Munafiqeen. His son Abdullah heard about his statements of
his father. He stood on the entrance to the Madina and he said to his father he is holding
his sword in his hand and he said,”I am not going to allow you to enter until
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam allows you in.” that shows you the loyalty that
Islam has built that he was willing to kill his father. If Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam did not give him permission to come in. now Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu
said
[Z:
7 ‫ا ا‬8‫ ه‬bُ7 ‫ب‬M‫ ا‬7‫]دا‬
O Allaah’s Messenger let behead this Munafiq. What did Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam said? He said
[
‫ ا‬N53! ‫
س ان  ًا‬7‫ ث ا‬5! #]
I don’t want people to say that Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam is killing his
followers. Over here Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is not disputing the fact that
Abdullah ibn Abaeey deserves to die what he said that was Kufr that was Ridda so
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is not disputing the fact that he deserved to be
executed. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is saying the reason why I am not
going to implement that punishment against Abdullah ibn Ubaeey because I don’t want
people to say that Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam is killing his followers.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was concerned about the reputation of the
Muslims. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam has given reputation of strength and
unity. He has given reputation of loyalty that the Muslims stick together that they donot
allow any of the enemy to come between them. And this has been witnessed by the
visitors who come to Madina among the ranks of the disbelievers for example one of
them said, “I have visited the Roman Emporer in his palace, I have visited Persian
Emporer in his palace, I visited an-Najaashi in his palace and I have seen how these
kings and emporers were treated but I am telling you that I have never ever seen people
who respect and love their leader like the Sahaaba love Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa
salam. He would be making Wudu and they would be jumping to grab the water droplet
and then they would rub their bodies with it.” So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
did not want people to say Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam is killing his followers
because that would turn people away from Islam. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam is saying [‫ ا
ب‬N53! ‫
س ان  ًا‬7‫ ث ا‬5! #] don’t want people to say that
Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam is killing his followers. Some lessons here
• The perils of nationalism this is a disease which rasoolullah said will carry on in
my ummah. Rasoolullah said two things of Jahiliyah will remain in you this
/' nationalism or tribalism and /
6 the weiling on the dead. This is very
dangerous disease and this is one of most important gate ways of Shaytan. So
Allaah Azza wajal is warning us. [97 ‫غ‬g7! ‫ ه أ  ان ا
ن‬5‫ل ا‬3! ‫ (
دى‬N=]
tell My servants to speak good words because Shaytan causes disunity or rifts
between them. You can say one word that would be mis-interpreted by your
brother and that could cause a war. All whta shaytan needs is you to make a slip
of a tongue or a wrong word and then he plays in the heart of your brother by

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

giving him a feeling of bad suspicion in what you have said and after this he just
picks up and flares up. All what cause this problem for one of the Mahajireen to
kick on of the Ansaar. Allaahu ‘Alim [‫ ]ا ا‬if it was accidental or was it
intended [‫]ا ا‬. Anyway that was the reason why they were about to fight
each other. Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam is saying [ 7
6‫
ه وا‬T‫ا ا ا‬
1] this is the call to Jahiliyah. And this disease still exist in the Ummah today.
There is racism, there is discrimination, you will rarely find any two
neighbouring Muslim countries which don’t have [13:51]‫ دآ‬in between them.
They don’t have to be neighbours Pakistan and Bangladesh are not neighbours.
So its all over the Muslim world. Look at the Middle East every country has
problems with every country that is adjucent to it or bordering it. And then
within the country have different tribes, and then within tribes are free clans
thats all ‘Asabiyah of Jahiliyah [/‫
ه‬T‫ ]'
 ا‬Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam says that it belongs to the time of Ignorance. Pre-Islamic Ignorance. So
we need to stay away from it. Everybody is equal and Allaah Azza wajal
differentiates between you in your status according to your Taqwa [ ‫ ا‬7 1‫ا‬3(
‫
آ‬3,‫ ]ا‬closest to Allaah Azza wajal among you are the one who have Taqwa.

Umar Ibn Khattab in Sulha Hudaybiyah [/!  `]

In Sulha Hudaybiyah Umar Ibn Khattab and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa


salam were together. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam went with Sahaaba
radhiAllahu anhum with the intention of making UMRAH [‫ ]=ة‬but people of
Quraysh prevented them from entering into Mecca.
So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam wants to send one of his Sahaaba to
negotiate with the leaders of Mecca so he proposed to Umar bin Khattab
radhiAllahu anhu that he should go and negotiate with the people of Mecca. Umar
bin Khattab said,”O Messenger of Allaah there is nobody of Banu Odaey who I
can count on to give you protection. [his clan, the clan of Umar bin Khattab was
small]” and there wasn’t anybody in there who was strong at the moment to offer
Umar ibn Khattab the protection. That was the system in those days every clan
offer protection to his followers. If the clan is small or weak then you don’t get
protection. So Umar ibn Khattab said,”why don’t you tell Uthman to go? Because
his family can offer him with protection Banu Umayah [7 ‫ ”]( ا‬So Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam agrees with the suggestion of Umar Ibn Khattab and he
sent Uthman Ibn Af’an to go to Mecca. Anyways things developed from there.
They were not allowed to go in. And they ended up signing up an agreement called
Sulha al-Hudabiyah [1
‫ ا‬D6] The Peace Pact of al-Hudaybiyah.
The terms in there was not appealing to the Muslims and Umar ibn Khattab was not
happy at all. Some of the terms in that Agreement:
1. You don’t make Umrah and you go back. [They all came with the intention of
Umrah]
2. If a Muslim comes from Mecca to Madina after the signing of the Agreement he
is turned away. But if a Muslim Apostates and leave Madina to Mecca he is not
turned away. So it seems to be a double standard here. We turn away our people
but you don’t turn away the people leave from among us.
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu he went to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
and argued with him. He said,”‫ ل ا ؟‬D ‫ ”أ‬aren’t you the Messenger of Allaah?
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”[ ]” “Yes”. [‫ ]أ  
  ؟‬aren’t we the
Muslims? Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”Yes”. [‫ ]أ ا 
 آ؟‬aren’t

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

these the Mushrikeens the disbelievers? Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam


said,”Yes.” Umar Ibn Khattab said,”!‫ د‬: D7 D(7 N(:” why should we then agree to
this compromise? Why should we agree to these terms? Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam responded by saying,” !
6 ‫ 
 وه‬D ‫ رل ا و‬6‫ ”وا‬I am the Messenger
of Allaah and I am not going to disobey the commands of Allaah and Allaah will give
me victory .Umar Ibn Khattab wasn’t satisfied so he went to Abu Bakr [Umar Ibn
Khattab now went to Abu Bakr and told him] [‫ ل ا ؟‬a‫ ]أ‬ins’t he the Messenger of
Allaah? Abu Bakr said.”Yes” [‫ ]أ  
  ؟‬aren’t we the Muslims? Abu Bakr
said,”Yes” ”. [‫ ]أ ا 
 آ؟‬aren’t these the Mushrikeens? Umar Ibn Khattab said,”
,”!‫ د‬: D7 D(7 N(:” why should we then agree to such an Agreement? Abu Bakr
Siddique radhiAllahu anhu said,
>‫ ا‬EF
‫ ا  ا> و‬G # ‫ و‬7( ‫ ا‬H5‫ن ا‬
ّ ‫ رل ا> وأ‬7‫ أ‬J‫! أ‬B ‫زة‬L ‫م‬N‫ا‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
[‫زة‬d ‫م‬g‫ ]ا‬stick to his sturbs [sturbs of where you put your feet in when you are riding
your horse] stick to them, meaning stick to whatever he does. Don’t move an inch from
the way of Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam because I witnessed that he is
Messenger of Allaah and that what Allaah tells him is the Truth and that Allaah Azza
wajal will not forsake His message. That was the [3!] Yaqeen of Abu Bakr
radhiAllahu anhu. Yes may be these terms doesn’t make any sense to us however, what
he does is right and if its a command of Allaah Azza wajal then its right and true and
Allaah Azza wajal has promised to give His Prophet victory He will give it to him. One
of the concerns that Umar Ibn Khattab had was Umrah. Umar Ibn Khattab told
Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam in the earlier conversation “Didn’t you promise
us that we will make an Umrah?” Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam said,’Yes I did,
but did I promise you that you will make it this year?.’ Umar said,”No” Rasoolullah
sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam said,”then you will make Umrah you will make Tawaf around
the house of Allaah.” Umar bin Khattab it was his zeal, that drove him into this
conversation. But after he heard the response of Abu Bakr [you know at times of
difficulty Sahaaba would go to Abu Bakr, Abu Bakr was the Sheikh of Sahaab and his
response would put an end to their arguments and would give them tranquility in their
hearts.] it happened when Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam died, it happened when
they disputed on the Khilafah, it happened on the issue of Army of Usamah, it happened
on the appointment of Usamah as being the leader of the Army, every time it was Abu
Bakr as-Siddique radhiAllahu anhu who give them peace.
When umar heard the response of Abu Bakr he felt that he has done something wrong,
he shouldn’t have argued with Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam back and forth.
Umar Ibn Khattab says,”
 D 1, ‫ى‬8‫م ا‬%‫ آ‬D:
R ‫ !ـء ٍذ‬D(7 ‫ى‬8‫ وا  ا‬Z5‫' ق وا' وا‬,‫ أ‬D‫
ز‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
“After that I will give Sadaqah [/= ] charity I would fast I would free slaves and I
would pray because of the words I have spoken on that day”. And there is very
important lesson for us, when you commit a sin if you want to wipe out that sin what
you do is, do good deeds. Umar Ibn Khattab tells he commited a mistake therefore, he
was fasting, praying , freeing slaves, giving sadaqah not just once, not just once of each
but he was doing it more then once so that Allaah Azza wajal will forgive him for what
he did. Allaah Azza wajal says,”” ‫ه ا'
د‬8, ‫
ت‬7 ‫ ان ا‬good deeds wipes out the evil
deeds. So to wash away your sins to cleanse your body do good deeds. Abu Bakr
Siddique, he had a statment but briefly he said, “People have short vision and they fail
to see that Allaah Azza wajal has a plan and that plan takes its time.” He was talking
about Sulha Hudaibiyah. He said, they fail to see the wisdom behind this Sulha. He
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

said, a short while later, I saw Suhail Ibn ‘Amr. Suhail Ibn ‘Amr was the one who
represented the Quraysh in signing the Agreement with Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam. And he was very argumentative, for example, when Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam was dictating to Ali Ibn Taalib what to write, Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam said,”write [O‫ ا‬O‫ ا> ا‬0(] so Ali wrote “O‫ ا‬O‫ ا> ا‬0(” so Suhail said,’
No, we don’t know ar-Rahman ar-Raheem [O‫ ا‬O‫ ]ا‬write,”9‫ ا‬b ” “with the
name of God”, you have to neutral. Then Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”
‫ا 

`   رل ا‬8‫ ”ه‬this is an agreement between Muhammad sallalahu alaihe
wa salam the Messenger of Allaah, Suhail Ibn ‘Amr interrupts and says,”No, if we
agree that you are Messenger of Allaah we wouldn’t be negotiating with you to start
with, but write your name and your father name Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam
Ibn Abdullah.[ ‫ ”] ا  ا‬Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told Ali to wipe it
out. [erase it] Ali Ibn Taalib didn’t want to erase it Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam told Ali to him me the place where it is written [Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam was illetrate] show me where it is? So Ali pointed to it so Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam erased it with his own hands.
Suhail Ibn ‘Amr who is reprsenting the Kuffaar in this Agreement. A year later Abu
Bakr Siddique said,”I saw him with my own eyes bringing the camels to Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam after his Umrah so Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam to
sacrifice.” And then I saw when the barber of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
was shaving his head I saw Suhail Ibn ‘Amr going down on his knees and picking the
clipping of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and putting them on his eyes to get
Barakah[/‫ ]آ‬from him. Abu Bakr says, people have a short vision, this was a short
while later, look at how the hearts change? Suhail ibn ‘Amr was now a Muslim. Islam
spread like a wild fire when there was peace. Before [/1 ‫` ا‬5:] Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam was preparing his army but he made his destination secrete.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam didn’t want to give the people of Mecca time to
prepare to fight. Why because Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam didn’t want to
cause bloodshed in that. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam wanted to ambush
them within over whelming force so that they give up and don’t fight. So he didn’t want
anyone to know that he is going to Mecca so that the people of Mecca won’t prepare.
He knew their nature, they are stubborn, they are going to try to fight. So he wanted to
make sure that he assembles a large army overwhelming force not to give them even a
chance. However, one of the Sahaaba [(5 ‫ ا ا‬K\
] Haatib Ibn Ani Balta’ah writes
a letter to Quraysh telling them that Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam plans to
attack. And he sends it with a woman who is traveling to Mecca. [‫م‬% ‫  ا‬N‫]ـ‬
Jibreel comes to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and tells him so Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam sends Ali, al-Miqdad and az-Zubair to pursue this woman.
So they go to a place called [‫
خ‬R‫ ا‬/M‫ ]رو‬Rawdha al-Khakh and they approach the
woman and they tell her give us the message that you have. She said,”I don’t have
anything.” They said,”either you hand it over to us otherwise we will going to take out
your clothes.”and it shows you that you can rough off the person in interrogation to
certain extent and exposing the [‫ ]راة‬Awrah is allowed in such situations. They
threatened her that they will going to take off her clothes. Hands over the message.
When she saw that they are serious she pulled it out of her braids. Because hidden very
well and they carried the letter to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam calls Haatib Ibn Ani Balta’ah and asks him why did you do
that? Haatib Ibn Ani Balta’ah he said,”
[  NT(, # ‫]!
رل ا‬
O Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam don’t rush to Judgment about me.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

9 E6‫ و أآ  أ‬i!= : /A ‫ رأن‬57‫ آ‬6‫ا‬


[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
O Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam I was a man didn’t belong to Quraysh
9‫ واا‬9‫
اه‬9 ‫ ! ن‬/ٍ ‫ =ا‬9ّ  !
9 ‫  ا‬1(ّ  ‫وآ
ن‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
while rest of the Muhajireen they have families back in Mecca who can take care of
their interest their family their wealth
1(‫ا‬/ ‫ن‬5
ً F
‫ا = ه‬P#+ ‫  ا‬Q0 ‫! ذا‬9  ‫ إذ‬RO /
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
so I wanted to do them a favour so that they would do me a favour and protect my
family in Mecca.
‫م‬%~‫  ا‬E1 ‫
ء‬M‫ ر‬#‫ و‬7!‫ ادًا  د‬,‫ ار‬b‫ ذا‬N(:‫و أ‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
I didn’t do that because I have apostated or because I prefer Kufr over Emaan [‫]إ!
ن‬.
So Haatib Ibn Ani Balta’ah is explaining why he did that? I didn’t do it because I want
to betray Allaah Azza wajal and His Messenger. I didn’t do it because I have apostated
because I love Kufr. I did it because I was worried about safety of my family in Mecca.
And since rest of the Campanions have relative in Mecca to take care of their families I
wanted to do this for the Kuffaars so they would in exchange protect my family. Umar
Ibn Khattab sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”1=  = 6‫“ ”ا
ا‬he is telling us the truth”.
Umar Ibn Khattab said,”
Z:
7 ‫ا ا‬8‫ ه‬Z7 ‫ب‬M‫ ا‬7‫!
رل ا دا‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
“O Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam allow me to behead this Munafiq.” He is a
hypocrite. He needs to be beheaded. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,””
" 9,Ed 3: ,‫ـء‬Q
 ‫
ل "أ ا‬3: ‫ ا  ر‬9Q   L\ ‫ ( ا‬b!‫  رًا و
! ر‬9Q = N 6‫ا‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
he has witnessed Badr, and you never know may be Allaah has looked upon the
people of Badr and said,”Do whatever you want because I have forgiven you” you are
forgiven, your sins are forgiven and this is in al-Bukhari [‫
ري‬R‫] ` ا‬.
A few lessons to learn from this Hadith:
1. The Hukum [1] the Ruling regarding the SPY [the one who spies against
Muslims] is execution. That’s ruling regarding the one who spies against the
Muslims. Because Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam didn’t dispute what
Umar Ibn Khattab said,”he should be beheaded” Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam said its because he witnessed Badr and Allaah has granted them
forgiveness that’s why he shouldn’t be beheaded. If it was somebody else he
would be executed. So this is a stern warning for those who betray Allaah Azza
wajal and His Messeneger and spy against the Muslims. Their Hukum is
execution and if a person is doing it [is doing it] and they are agreeing with what
they are doing they think that what they are doing is right no matter who they
are doing it for? That is [‫ ]ردّا‬Ridda that is Kufr. And if they are doing it for a
reason such as Haatib Ibn Ani Balta’ah, such as fear, because of love of Dunya,
Love of money, then that is a major sin. But the punishment is still the same. So
this thing of working for the enemy of Allaah in order to spy against the
Muslims no matter who the Muslim is as long as they are still a Muslim
regardless of what they are doing? Even if what they are doing you disagree
with. Even if they are doing something is agaisnt your methodology or the way
or the movement of the idiology that you follow, as long as they are Muslims
that they testify that there is no god but Allaah and Muhammad sallalahu alaihe
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

wa salam is the Messenger of Allaah spying against them is a Ridda [‫ ]ردّا‬if you
agree with what you are doing? You have left the folds of Islam.
2. Second lesson, this is a sin to be exposed that the sins of a Muslims to be
concealed. They should not be made public. For example, the Muslim drinks,
they don’t want any body to know about it, don’t go around and say this person
drinks. If a brother is using drugs and they are ashamed of what they are doing
and they are doing it in a secret don’t want anybody to know and you happen to
know. You don’t go around exposing that sin. Allaah Azza wajal loves the sins
of a believers to be concealed. [5] Satar Allaah loves the sins to be concealed,
not make public. However, with this particular sin should be made public and
exposed. And we see if from the Hadith, it was exposed. Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam brought Haatib Ibn Ani Balta’ah infront of everyone. When we
know on other occasions Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam will tell a person
who done adultary go back, don’t speak about this. But a man came and said,”I
was drinking”. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told him,”to leave.” An-
Nawwawi [‫وى‬7‫ف ا‬Q  B!
!‫ ا زآ‬3E‫ ا‬:
‫ ] ا~
م ا‬says,”sins are only
exposed if there is benefit in exposing” so this sin because its agains the
community needs to be exposed people need to know that this person has
betrayed Allaah and His Messenger. And I hope that I have driven the point very
clear and as long as the person is a Muslim no matter what they are doing [no
matter what] you donot spy against them.
3. Finally the third lesson, the virtues of the people of Badr. These selected few
who has witnessed the Battle of Badr Allaah Azza wajal has granted them
forgiveness. Even though Haatib Ibn Ani Balta’ah commited such a major sin
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam lets him go, without punishment why?
Because he attended Badr. So Allaah granted them forgiveness that extends to
the future. Its not just the past sense but it also extends to the future. It’s a [‫ة‬EY]
Maghfirah of the past and the future. The ones who attended Badr are The Best
of Muslims and Jibreel comes to Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam and
says,”The ones who attended The Badr from among the are also the Best of
Angels” its not just for the humans its also for the angels.
When the army of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam came closer to Mecca
Abu Sufyaan came to see the army. So [‫ ]ا(
س‬al-‘Abbas told him,”if you are
seen like that, you are going to be killed.” So Abu Sufyaan said what should I do
now? Now Abu Sufyaan is lost, that’s it. Every thing is gone, his leadership of
Mecca is gone. Mecca will be conquered by the Muslims, Abu Sufyaan doesn’t
know what to do? He is in state of lost. Al-‘Abbas the uncle of Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam told him, you ride with me on the Mount of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam’s camel or donkey and when people see
you riding the donkey of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam they are going to
leave you alone. So he was riding and whenever he passed next to a camp fire of
Muslims they will say who is it? But when they see the donkey of Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam they let him go without even asking who is on it.
That’s the donkey of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam whoever, it is he is
granted a free pass. Until they passed by the camp fire of Umar Ibn Khattab
radhiAllahu anhu. Umar Ibn Khattab said,”
‫ ذ‬#‫ ا ٍ و‬Y b7 ‫ ا‬1‫ وا ا = ا‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
Enemy of Allaah! Allaah has brought you to us and you don’t have any Agreement
of Peace with us in other words you are going to be dead! So he rushes to Rasoolullah

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

sallalahu alaihe wa salam and says,”O Messenger of Allaah! The enemy of Allaah is
here and we don’t have any peace agreement with him, so lets execute him.” Al-Abbas
said,”I am giving him protection O Messenger of Allaah!” I have granted him
protection. Umar Ibn Khattab argued with al-‘Abbas and they went on arguing and then
al-‘Abbas said,”Slow down Umar Ibn Khattab if he was of Banu ‘Adi [‫  ى‬7] you
wouldn’t have say what you are saying. But just because he is from Banu Abd Manaf [

ف‬7  7]” its not from your clan, you want him execute. Umar Ibn Khattab
said,”Slow down al-‘Abbas, your Islam was more bloved to me if my father would have
become a Muslim”. Umar Ibn Khattab does not make his decision based on his
relationship, based on his clan or his tribe. Umar Ibn Khattab is saying that the Islam of
al-‘Abbas [the uncle of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam] was dear to him then if
his father would have became Muslim. His own father! He would have rather ‘Abbas to
become a Muslim and then Umar Ibn Khattab said because I know that, that pleases
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Because your Islam would be to please
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam I am happier that you have become Muslim then
if my father became Muslim. Because al-‘Abbas granted Abu Sufyaan protection
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam set him free. But you see that Umar Ibn Khattab
had this clear understanding of [‫ وااء‬#‫ ]ا‬al-Wala wal-Bara who he gives his loyalty
to, who he against. He would not follow his emotions in that. He would go with what
pleases Allaah Azza wajal and pleases Messenger of Allaah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasalam.

Umar Ibn Khattab in Medina:

In [ ‫ ]` ا‬Sahih al-Muslim [7 ‫ ا‬M‫ ]اه!ة ر‬Abu Hurairah radhiAllahun anhu
said that,”we were sitting with Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam among others
were Abu Bakr and Umar Ibn Khattab and then Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
left. And he didn’t come back so we were afraid that something happened to him.” And
this shows the deep concern of Sahaaba for Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
whenever he would be delayed or late they would be worried. They loved him more
than their wives, their children and their parents. Infact the common term they would
use with Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam [B‫ وا‬D6‫ أ‬Bp] biAbi anta wa Umm
means I would sacrifice my mother and my father for you. That’s a statement that’s
always read in the Hadith. biAbi anta wa Umm ya Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam. So Abu Hurairah said,”I was the first to go and look for him, so I came to this
farm, there was a wall surrounding it and I went around the farm and I didn’t find any
entrance [any gate] but I saw a small crack in which water was flowing into the or out
of the farm. So I squeezed myself in like a fox would.” You see a big fox in a small
hole is able to go through it. So Abu Hurairah said,”” [K(H E5!
‫ آ‬DWE59:]
[Please correct text if needed]
I squeezed myself through like a fox would.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”” [‫ ]أا ه!ة‬are you Abu Hurairah? Abu
Hurairah said,”Yes” Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”Ya Abu Hurairah! O
Abu Hurairah take these sandals of mine [take them] and whom ever you meet behind
this wall who says ‫ ا‬#‫ ا ا‬# with Yaqeen [3!] in their heart give him the glade tidings
of the Jannah.”
/ٍ 7T
 F: = Z' ‫ ا ا‬# ‫ ان‬9! D3 N
[ Please correct text if needed]
Abu Hurairah took the sandals of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam, now the
sandals are symbolic of or evidence that he is carrying a message from Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam, I have something from Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

with me. The first one he meets was Umar Ibn Khattab. He says,”Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam sent me with the sandals and told me to give the glade tidings to
anyone I meet, who testifies that there is no god but Allaah with Yaqeen in there heart
to give them the glade tidings of Jannah. ” what do you expect the response of Umar
Ibn Khattab was? [ ‫ ]ا اآ ا‬I am so happy going telling the people about it. It was
a strange response, Umar Ibn Khattab punches Abu Hurairah in his chest until Abu
Hurairah falls on his back. It was such a rough punch Abu Hurairah flew and fell on his
back. Abu Hurairah said,”I stood up went to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
crying [I was crying]” now obviousely he had to cry nobody fights with Umar Ibn
Khattab, you don’t fight with Umar Ibn Khattab. [You swallow and you swallow it]
Abu Hurairah went to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam Umar Ibn Khattab
followed me. He came in and he was crying Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
said,”what happened Abu Hurairah?” abu Hurairah said,”you sent me to give glade
tidings to the people and I give him the glade tidings he punches me until I fall on my
back.” Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told Umar Ibn Khattab why did you do
that? Umar Ibn Khattab said, did you tell him to go and give glade tidings to the
people? That they are granted Jannah by saying [ ‫ ا‬#‫ ا ا‬# ‫ ان‬9Q‫ ]ا‬with Yaqeen
[certainty] Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says,”Yes” Umar Ibn Khattab
said,”don’t do that because people will take that for granted, let them work for it.”
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, then we will let them work. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam would go with the opinion of Umar Ibn Khattab.
Umar Ibn Khattab had that relationship with Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam that
he could tell him do and don’t. their relationship was so close and it also shows you the
humbleness of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Umar Ibn Khattab comes and
tells him don’t do that and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam accepts the opinion of
Umar Ibn Khattab with an open heart. And says then let them work. Umar Ibn Khattab
wanted to be on the side of air of caution not have people take things for granted. Don’t
tell them that, let them work for it, even though they are going to Jannah let them work
for it. So it tells you something about the personality of Umar Ibn Khattab he was
concernd for the Ummah. You know if it would have somebody else who was selfish,
alright fine I have glade tidings of Jannah that’s it I am happy I don’t really care what
will happen to the rest of the people but no Umar Ibn Khattab was thinking what would
happen to Abu Hurairah when he is going and telling the people this!!! Even though
that was an occasion for him to be happy and satisfied but no his mind immediately
jumped to what is going to happen with the Ummah? How our people are going to take
this? And that’s why we keep on saying that Umar Ibn Khattab was the man for the
Ummah.
In the beginning because Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu was learned man, he was
literate, he wanted to swallow as much information as he could, so now he is in Madina
there are Jewish neighbours so why don’t I learn from their Books? And Qur’an have
said that they have received the Torah [‫راة‬, \ ‫رات‬,] and the Christians have received
the Injeel [NT6‫ ]إ‬so Umar Ibn Khattab wants to learn more about the religions of Allaah
Azza wajal so he is reading from a scroll of Torah. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam sees it with him, and the face of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam changes.
And he can see that he was upset. And he said,””
[‫
ب؟‬R‫
ا ا‬9: /75‫] أ‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
are you rushing into the things without thinking them true son of Khattab?
F  aE6 ‫ى‬8‫وا‬
In the name of Allaah whom my soul is in his hand.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]


36
'
9 b,‫ ـء‬3
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
I have brought you with the religion that is so clear that’s like a white cloth. And if
Musa was alive today he would have to follow me.
 L5!  #‫آ
ن  
ء 
وا( ا‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
If Musa was alive he would have to follow me. You don’t need to go back to those
scritpions everything that you need is in the Qur’an. It over rules everything before. [
b  9] Mohaimin ‘Alaik “it stands above everything else” all of the truth that you
need, all of the guidance that you need, [ V
7\:
] “The Book has not over looked
anything.” Everything that you will you will find it in the Qur’an. And this was an
important lesson that was given to Umar Ibn Khattab he learned the lesson very well.
So later on when the Ummah was expanding and entering into the lands of learned men
Umar Ibn Khattab was very aware about the fact that they could bring in their former
knowledge which could be painted into Islam. So he made sure that the people learned
their knowledge from Qur’an and not from anything else. And we will see in the
Khilafah of Umar Ibn Khattab he would design rules implement to enforce the fact that
your [] ‘ilm should come from Qur’an not from nothing else.

Umar Ibn Khattab and the wives of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam:

Ibn ‘Abbas rahiAllahu anhu and this Hadith is in al-Bukhari and Muslim and Masnad
Imam Ahmad [ ‫ ا
م ا‬7 ] Ibn ‘Abbas said,”There was something that I wanted to
ask Umar Ibn Khattab and I waited for an entire year until I asked him.” He was afraid
to ask Umar Ibn Khattab the question. However, Ibn ‘Abbas he was a scholar given an
exquisitive mind he had to ask the question. [‫ او‬a7‫[ ]
ن ا‬Please make correction if
needed] ‘I was given an exquisitive tongue” so one day they were traveling and he was
pouring water on Umar Ibn Khattab for his Wudu Ibn ‘Abbas said,”who are the two
wives of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam whom Allaah talked about in Qur’an?”
( /‫ـءآ‬% ‫ وا‬7A ‫ و
` ا‬N!‫ و‬F# ‫
ن ا ه‬:  ‫
ها‬W, ‫
وان‬1= DY 3: ‫
ا ا‬5, ‫ان‬
!5‫ رة ا‬- 9q b‫ذا‬
If you two turn in repentance to him your heart are indeed so inclined but if you back of
each other against him [that is Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam ] then truly
Allaah is his protector and Jibreel and every righteous among those who believe and
further more the Angels will back him up. Umar Ibn Khattab said,”‫ 
س‬b7‫ ”واه‬Umar
Ibn Khattab wasn’t happy that Ibn ‘Abbas asked him this question but he gave him the
answer. He said,
” ‫ _ء‬6 KY, ‫ ه‬i!=( ‫”آ‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
We the people of Quraysh were men who had the upper hand over their women. Our
men had the upper hand over our women [our say goes!!] [‫
=م‬6‫ـء‬T:] we came to
Madina
[‫ءه‬p 6 9Y! ‫
=م‬6 :]
We found people in Madina their woman had the upper hand.
‫ءه‬p 6  ‫( ن‬5!
6‫
ء‬6 ZE5:
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
So our women started learning from their women. Umar Ibn Khattab is saying that in
Quraysh the men had the upper hand. In Madina the women were quiet strong so our
women were learning from them.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

He said one day I went back home and I was angry with my wife and she answered
back to me. He said, [b‫ت ذا‬, ] [Please correct arabic script if needed]I was
surprised what happened. How come she is answering back? She said, “what you
surprised that I am answering back to you? The wives of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam answer back to him. Not only that some of them boycott him from morning
till night.” For Umar Ibn Khattab This Was News. So he rushes to his daughter Hifsa [
‫
ب‬R‫' ا  ا‬E] who was the wife of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam [ ‫ام‬

97 
(, ‫ ا‬BM‫' ر‬E 7A ‫ ]ا‬umul mo’mineen Hifsa radhiAllahu ta’ala anha and he
says,”you answer back to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam ? do you argue with
him? She said,”Yes, and sometimes we boycott him from morning to night.” Umar Ibn
Khattab said,”you have lost, you are loosers aren’t you afraid that Allaah angry with
you of anger of His Messenger” and then he said,”do not ever argue with Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam or answer back to him and don’t ask him for anything ask me
for anything you want.” And then he said,”and don’t think that ‘Aeysha is doing it so
you could do it. ‘Aeysha is more beautiful than you and she is more beloved to
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam than you.” Because the conspiracy was done by
‘Aeysha and Hifsa. So he is telling her that ‘Aeysha may afford to do that you can’t
don’t do that?

And then Umar Ibn Khattab said,”we heard that Ghassan [‫


ن‬d]” [was a Arab Tribe
loyal to the Romans] were putting the horse shoes on to attack us. We had that
information ready and we were waiting for that. He said, I was home when my Ansaari
partner came to me and he said something, I said,”‫ ن؟‬0L Q=‫ ”ا‬did Ghassan come? He
said,”No, something worse than that.” I told him what happened? He said,”Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam has divorced her wives” he said, that was what I was afraid
of. So I rushed to Madina he was living on the out skirts of Madina. I rushed to Hafsa
and I saw her crying [sitting down crying] I asked her did Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam has divorced you? She said,”I don’t know? But he has boycotted us and he is
in that room.” So I saw a servant of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and I told
him to ask for permission for me to visit Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. He
went in and came out and he says I have mentioned your name and he didn’t answer.
So, I left and then I came back. I sought permission again the servant said,’I mentioned
your name he didn’t answer’ the third time, the same thing happened. So Umar Ibn
Khattab walked away, the servant then called him back. So Umar Ibn Khattab came in.
and he saw Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam sitting and he was visibly upset.
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu said,”[‫ _ء‬6 D3,‫ ”]أ‬did you divorce your wives?
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam looked up to me and he said,”No”. I said [‫]ا اآ‬
Allaahu Akbar Umar Ibn Khattab now wants to put Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam at ease. So he is starting [trying to start] conversation and he said,”O Messenger
of Allaah! We the men of Quraysh use to have upper hand over our women and we
come here to Madina where the women are stronger then the men, so now our women
are learning from their women and my wife is now talking back to me” so Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam smiled. He said, then I went to Hifsa and I asked her is that
what you do to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and she said,”yes, we answer
back to him and sometimes we boycott him from morning to night.” Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam smiled again, so now Umar Ibn Khattab said, can I sit down?
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”go ahead” and then Umar Ibn Khattab said,
I looked around the house of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam I couldn’t see
anything that could pleases the eyes, no furniture and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam was sitting on a matress of ['] Haseer is Palm Leaves its very harsh, so it was

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

leaving markings on the skin of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam, so I said O


Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam why don’t we ask Allaah to give us like he has
given the Persians and the Romans when they don’t even believe in Allaah. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam answered Umar Ibn Khattab and said,”‫
ب؟‬R‫ !
ا ا‬bٍ Q :‫”أ‬
are you having any doubts O son of Khattab?
[‫
ء‬6 ‫ ااة ا‬: ‫ت‬
ٍ
\ 9 DT ‫ءك =م‬#‫]أو‬
[Make correction of Arabic Script,if needed Jazakallahu khairun]
Those are people whom Allaah Azza wajal hastening their rewards in Dunya Allaah
is giving them rewards in this Dunya because in Akhira they will have nothing left so I
said, [ ‫ !
رل ا‬EY5‫ ]ا‬ask Allaah to forgive me O Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam.

Some lessons from this story:

1. Number One: cultural differences exists in the dominion of men and women.
Men and women would have different conduct of behaviour in different
cultures, so we saw how women were in Mecca more submissive while in
Madina they were stronger you could even see that on the battle field. Usayb Ibn
Ka’ab for example was a Ansaariya she was a fighter. That was the case with
some of the other woman if Madina. They were strong tough woman. Similar
could be said about the Bedoin woman they are strong by nature. So cultural
differences do exists however, some Common Constent Islamic Behaviours
that should be applied cross culturally.
• That the husband is the head of the household. That is something that
shouldn’t change from one culture to another.
• That the parents are to be respected by their children Shouldn’t change.
• That the young respect the old that is something Islamic.

So these are things that are cross cultural and if a culture does not have them that
culture should be changed. So Islam does have some cultural constants and it should be
applied by everyone. Over here we are just talking about difference in behaviour but
they are equally following the orders of Islam. Don’t want sisters and brothers to get
wrong message from this and they start arguing at home and start saying that’s how it
was happening in Madina and wife start slapping husbands around and all those things
because that’s how the woman of Madina were. [Unless the husband is okey with that
☺] definetly Umar Ibn Khattab was not okey with that. We will carry on few minutes
with some of the [‫
ـءل‬C:] Fadha il

[virtues] Umar Ibn Khattab: [Next Section is about Fadha il of Umar]

His knowledge: Umar Ibn Khattab was knowledgeable, he was a scholar, infect
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam saw in a dream in Bukhari and Muslim
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,
(‫ =
ل ا‬5‫
او‬: ‫
ل‬3:   D‫و‬p6 H ِ 9q : ‫ى‬T! `!‫وا ا ر‬W6‫ أ‬5  7(! DQ ٌ!‫ ا
م ءا‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said while I was a sleep I saw in my dream that I
was drinking milk and I drank so much of it that it started to flow beneath my fingers
nails and then I gave the rest of the cup to Umar Ibn Khattab. They said what do you
interpret that, he said Milk is knowledge. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
drank some much of the knowledge that it was coming out of his fingers. And then he
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

gave the rest to Umar Ibn Khattab. Knowledge of Prophethood. So Umar Ibn Khattab
had knowledge of [‫ة‬6] Nubuwah of Prophethood. The left overs the bottom of the cup
was given to Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu.
A note hear on the interpretation of dreams:
Even the dreams of Anbiyah needs to be interpreted because they asked Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam about the interpretation of the dream [he said Milk].
Ibn Hajar as-Qalani says
‫اء  ن‬8Y ‫ ا‬: ‫  ا'اط‬K
‫ وآن ه‬LE6 ‫ آ*ت‬: (‫اك  وا‬5Q‫ إ‬D9  b‫ا‬8 (, ‫و‬
(‫وا‬
‫ى‬7( ‫اء ا‬8Y
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
He said, the reason why milk is knowledge? Is because of their benefit. Milk benefits
the body and knowledge benefits the soul. So that’s why milk represents the
knowledge in this dream and he also says, and this is very important and interesting
point. Ibn Hajar says,””
‫  ا  وا و‬B6 D7‫
ب ا و‬5‫
س آ‬7‫ ا‬D
  (‫
ا‬7‫وا اد 
( ه‬
[Please make correction in Arabic Text if needed, Jazakllahu khairun]
and what is meant by knowledge here is the knowledge of the administration of the
people in accordance to the Book of Allaah and Sunnah of His Messenger.

We have developed a certain concept of what Sharia’ah knowledge is? If you are able
to quote the narrations off hand from the top of your head easily this man is a sheikh. If
you are eloquent in speech you are a scholar Subhan Allaah what a scholar? Ibn Hajar is
saying the ‘ilm here is the ability of Umar Ibn Khattab to administer the Ummah by the
Book of Allaah Azza wajal and Sunnah of Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam. It was
refering to the ability of Umar Ibn Khattab as a statsman when he was Khalifah [/E"]
and that is the knowledge that benefited the Ummah.
There could be someone who has a lot of knowledge road memorization they memorize
all the books but they have no clue how to use it? How to apply it? They don’t have the
[3:] Fiqh of [(=‫ ]اا‬the understanding of the reality of the world today. They are not in
the field. And that why Ibn Khaldun [‫ ]ا " ون‬says,”That many of the people who are
called scholars tend to be very far away and are unable to deal with the realities of
people, the brutal realities of life because they are only living with their books.” But
with the knowledge of Umar Ibn Khattab it was a knowledge that was applied in the
field. He wasn’t just sitting in the institute studying and giving off Fatawa [‫
وى‬5:] on the
phone or on the mic. Umar Ibn Khattab was living with the Ummah. He was leading the
Ummah. He was suffering with the Ummah. He was pleased what pleases them and he
was displeased what displeases them, so be careful in using this word ‘ilm don’t throw
it around carelessly, such person is a Mufti, such person is scholar. The [‫ ]
ء‬Ullama
are the persons who know how to benefit the people through the ‘ilm of Allaah in
Qur’an and in the Sunnah of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. And these could be
people who don’t memorise a lot of opinions of Fiqh you will ask them what did Abu
Hanifa [E7‫ ا‬7(! D
H  ‫(
ن‬6] on this and what did Ashafi’I say on that what did
Qadhi ‘iyad says on that or what did this person say ‘izat abdusalam says they don’t
know that. But they know what is needed for that situation. They know it very well.
They know how to apply the Ayaat [‫ ]ا!
ت‬and the Ahadith [!‫ ]ا
د‬that they have
learned. They know how to apply them into the reality. And that’s why Allaah Azza
wajal says about for example Dawud [‫م‬% ‫]داود  ا‬, “
ً ‫ و‬1 ‫
ه‬7,‫ ”وا‬and we have
given him Hukm and ‘ilm. ‘ilm and hukm, hukm is the good Judgment. A judge could

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

have the information right infront of his eyes right there but he doesn’t know how to use
it? The ability to use this Hukm the good Judgment.

Once a woman came to the [3] Halaqah of al-Imam Abu Hanifa she asked a
question she didn’t ask the question to Abu Hanifa, she asked it to a scholar of Hadith,
who was sitting in that circle. Because the Majlis the circle of Abu Hanifa was a circle
of scholars. He have scholars sitting with him. It was more of a council of Fiqh than a
study circle. That is the unique things about Abu Hanifa you don’t call his students,
students you call them as-Haab [‫ ]ا
ب‬friends, companions because they were scholars
like him. He had scholars in language, scholars in Hadith, scholars in Fiqha, scholars so
they would consult each other. So this woman comes to one of the scholars and she asks
them a question and he didn’t know the answer. Abu Hanifa said, I know the answer
and he gave her the answer. So the scholar of Hadith said how did you know the
answer? I knew it by the Hadith you just quoted awhile ago. You the one who quoted
the [N‫ ]د‬Daleel for me, I didn’t know the evidence for it until you quoted it. But he
didn’t know how to use it. Imam Abu Hanifa knew how to use it. [K\] we will carry
on insha Allaah tomorrow night with the rest of the Fadha il of Umar Ibn Khattab
rahiAllahu anhu.

‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و و‬6   ‫ ا‬

5th May, 2009


11 Jamada I 1430

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

PART 4

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

‫اذ 
 ا
ن ا   ا ا
ن ا‬
 ‫م‬% ‫
ء وا  ات ا وا‬6#‫م   ا‬% ‫ة وا‬%'‫ا رب ا(
  ا‬
Umar Ibn Khattab’s Knowledge:

All of you want to learn Islamic knowledge. We have been saying that again and again
that I want to learn. Brothers and Sisters are alike and are very eager to learn Islam and
that’s a very good sign [ ‫ ]ا‬this is one of the things that is found among the young
generation and this was not something to be found in the generation of their fathers. The
zeal and eagerness we have to learn today is definetly more than the generation before
you. So that’s a good sign it’s a sign of the awakning of Ummah and it’s a sign that [
‫ ]ا‬even though may be in other areas the situation is getting worse, politically its
getting worse, however, when you want to assess a situation don’t look at the political
realities or the economical realities but look at the human factor. If the people are
improving then you will see the improvement in the other areas early on. Its the human
resource factor that the most important factor in any change in human history. And that
change [ ‫ ]ا‬is happening among many of the youth. So everybody wants to learn,
they sign in for a courses and they go and study and they travel overseas. However,
many of you are saying “we are not learning enough, we want to learn more.” Many of
you are saying we are not given Islamic knowledge enough time, right?? You all feel
that you want to do more. And what is holding you back from giving more time to
studying Islam? You are busy! You have work to do! You want to make a living!! And
if you are not trying to make living yet because your parents are taking care of your
expenses, you are studying!!! You are going to college, university, and you are
complaining that you don’t have enough time need to study Islamic Shari’ah [/(!Q].
Right??
Now are you assuming that the Sahaaba didn’t have any work to do?? How come they
were able to learn and you are not able to learn? You might say Oh we are living in 21st
Century!!! Things are complicated now. And life had become very difficult. We have to
work more. If that’s your assumption that you are wrong. Infact you have more time
than the Sahaaba. The Sahaaba had to make a living none of them was born with a
golden or silver spoon in their mouth. They had to work. Infact their commitment to
work was more difficult than yours. You work now from 9:00 to 5:00 or from 8:00 to
4:00 [‫ ]ا ا‬Allaahu ‘Alum what your schedule is in this country but then you have
Saturday and Sunday off. And after 5:00PM you go back home you are free. Well
Sahaaba didn’t work in offices. Sahaaba were shepherds or they were farmers or they
were businessmen. And as a shepherd you can not go to your cows and say O my cows
see you next week I am not going to be here Saturday and Sunday you can’t do that.
You have to feed them everyday. You can’t go to your farms and tell them your plans
that I am going to be off for a month. I am taking a summer vaccations. Your plains if
you don’t show up they will die. You have to be there for them everyday. And in those
days business was tough. So you have to put a lot of effort and time. So how come the
Sahaaba were able to do both? How come they were able to study from Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam and at the same time they were able to make a living? You
know the Sahaaba radhiAllaahu ‘anhum were very active they were farthest being lazy
they were not living a benefits or the wellfares. Sahaaba radhiAllaahu ‘anhum they have
to go out and make a living for them self. Yes some of them were poor like [/E N‫]اه‬
Ahl Suffa and if they had a chance to work they would work because we know that
many of these Ahl Suffa they will go out to the area in Madina called [/
Y‫ ]ا‬al-Ghaba
forest. They would go there cut woods for fire and sell it in Madina. So when there is
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

work, they going to work. So there just wasn’t any work to do. That’s why they were
unemployed. So how did they do it? How come we are failing today and they while
they were successful in their endeavours. Lets see how Umar Ibn Khattab did?
Umar Ibn Khattab radiAllaahu ‘anhu had to take care of some business, he had some
pieces of land. He had a partner among al-Ansaar. He made an agreement and they used
to live on the outskirts of Madina suburbs. He made an agreement with his Ansaari
companion that I am going to work on day and you go down to Madina and accompany
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam for the whole day. And then when you come
back at night we meet and you report to me that eveything Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam said. And then the next day I am going to go down to Madina while you pick
up my work. So they work alternate. One day Umar Ibn Khattab will work and the
Ansaari is studying and vice versa. What this meant Umar Ibn Khattab and his partner
will end up doing double the effort. Double the work. Because Umar Ibn Khattab have
to do his work and then his partners work and his partner has to do his work and Umar
Ibn Khattab’s work. So this tells you something. As a Muslim we have to make a living
just like the Kaafir. You know Allaah Azza wajal does not differentiate between
Muslim and Kaafir when it comes to Rizq[‫]رزق‬. You all have to go out and work.
Human beings, animals, plants, you have to make a living. Even when Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam wanted to teach us about Tawakul [N‫آ‬,] what did Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam say?

7 ‫وح‬,‫ 
 و‬: ‫ و‬Y, \ ‫زق‬,
‫ آ‬5=‫  رز‬7‫آ‬, Z
ّ  ‫آن ا‬5, 16‫ ا‬
[Kindly, check for errors in the Arabic Text, and rectify them Jazakallahu khairun]
If you have the right Tawakul ‘alallah then Allaah will give you Rizq like he is giving
the Rizq to birds. They leave in the morning hungry and they come back at night full.

Notice that Hadith did not say that the birds are staying at home, sitting on their nests.
Holding remote control and watching TV. They went out early in the morning, they
came back at night, working for the whole day and that’s Tawakul. That Hadith is the
definition of Tawakul. So the birds had to do a lot of work from morning to sunset. But
then they come back full. So when it comes to Rizq you have to work like everybody
else. Just because you are a Muslim don’t think that you will be spoon fed. When it
comes to Rizq in Dunya everybody has to go out and work for it. However, there is a
difference between you and the Kaafir. The Kaafir all he wants to make a living in this
dunya but as a Muslim you are making a living in dunya in order to take you to the
Akhirah [‫"ة‬e] dunya for you is a bridge to Akhirah. So you have an additional effort
which is your Akhirah and that means that in order to you as a Muslim to succeed you
have to do the double the effort of a Kaafir. You can not be on an equal footings. You
have to put in double the work. Doubel the time, double the effort. Because if you don’
t since you are holding the two items in your plate you end up failing in both.
So, if the system of Rizq today is so complicated demands a lot of effort from you. The
only way for you is to succeed in both dunya and Akhirah is for you to cut off time from
your entertainment, from your sleep, you have to do what you have to do. As a Muslim
you can not afford to waste single moment of your life. [Not a Single Moment!]. A
Muslim can not afford to waste anytime because the clock for you is ticking and it’s a
count down. [For you it’s a count down] the way the Kufaar or some of the Kufaar see
it is that we are in a fight with nature and every year that passes by we have won against
nature. Atleast that was the perception in the old Europe it’s a fight between us and
nature. You know in some societies they used to be in harmony with the nature for
example the Native Americans, their world view is that we are in harmony with the
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

nature. So they wouldn’t touch the environment because they believe that we all are
one. However, in the western mind, it’s a chanllenge between us and nature to fight, and
that’s why they celebrate birthdays. You find that birthdays is a big thing in the west.
Why? Because in the old days when life was rough and you know when you had a few
months in the year when you can not plan you cannot form in winter, so life for them
was struggle. So when they live for another year they see that they had won against the
forces of nature so they celebrate birthday. I have lived for another year and I have
defeated the forces of nature therefore, I shall celebrate my birthday, but that’s not the
world view of a Muslim. A Muslim believes that your life is already destined. You are
not fighting with nature. Your life is already destined. Allaah Azza wajal has already
ordained the exact time you will spend in dunya, so when a year passes by the way you
should see it as a Muslim, you should see it that I am one year closer to my death. I am
getting closer to my grave so it doesn’t make any difference whatsoever, for as a
Muslim to bring a cake infront of you blow the candles and you are smiling so happy,
when you are one year closer to your death. While you should be making [
]
Mahasibah. You should be holding your self accountable for that year not celebrating
and taking photos infront of a cake. You should be viewing it with seriouseness. I am
closer in meeting Allaah Azza wajal what have I done? Did I have prepare myself for
it? ['08‫ ا‬Q O] one of the statements of Umar Ibn Khattab was:
K
, ‫ ان‬N= 1 E6‫ ا‬K

Hold youself accountable before you will be hold accountable for your today. So if you
want to succeed you going to have to find a formula like Umar Ibn Khattab
radhiAllahu ‘anhu did. Umar Ibn Khattab has narrated many Ahadith. One of them for
example, is considered to be one quarter of Islam according to Imam Ahmad [ ‫ ]ا
م ا‬.
Imam Ahmad considers this Hadith to be one quarter of Islam. And which Hadith is
that? It’s the first Hadith in [/!‫و‬7‫ر(ن ا‬#‫ ]ا‬al-Arba’on an-Nawwawia. What is the
hadith?
‫
ت‬7 ‫
ل‬#‫
ا‬6‫ا‬
Deeds are in accordance with intentions. This hadith was narrated by Umar Ibn Khattab
radiAllahu ‘anhu. Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu has narrated many ahadith.
That’s the [we still stalking about his virtues.]so that’s his knowledge.

His Deen [Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllaahu ‘anhu’s Deen]


In Sahih al-Muslim Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam have said, while I was asleep
[we find that Subhan Allaah Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam have seen Umar Ibn
Khattab in many dreams]. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is saying,””
ّ ‫ و‬b‫

!‚ دون ذا‬97‫

!‚  و‬97 ٌa= 9‫
س !(دون و‬7‫ ا‬D!‫
ƒ رأ‬6
6‫ ا‬
!‫ د‬D
= ‫ !
رل ا ؟‬b‫ ذا‬D‫ =
ا 
ذا او‬FّT! „ = ‫
ب و‬R‫  ا ا‬
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, while I was asleep, people were being
presented to me. They were walking infront of me. And they were wearing clothes
some of them had short clothes, some of them had long clothes. Some of them their
clothes would only reached to their chest. And some of them would have clothes shorter
than that. But then Umar Ibn Khattab passed infront of me and his clothes were so long
that they were dragging on the floor. Is that a good sign or bad sign? You know we
know in Sunnah you are not suppose to have your clothes dragging. The Sunnah is to
have your clothes above the ankle. And here Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahun ‘anhu is
dragging his clothes behind him. Way below the ankle. Well because it’s a dream and
dreams needs to be interpreted. They asked Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam what
is the interpretation of the dream? He said, I interpret that to mean the religion.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

So, the clothes were representing the religion of the people. Some of them that their
religion was so short that it only reaches to their chest. While the Deen of Umar Ibn
Khattab was dragging behind him, it was so great. His religion was so encompassing
that it was covering his whole body and then draggin on the ground. That’s the deen of
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu. An-Nawwawi says,””
 705‫ ا‬7+ ‫ و‬1‫ ا‬U‫ ر‬WX ‫ ء‬%( != 7
U2‫ ! ام ا
و‬V%‫ ل اه& ا* رة ا‬/
7( ‫ اء‬+(:‫ (* و ة ا‬0‫ا‬
An-Nawwawi says,”that the scholars of interpreting dreams say that clothes in dream
means religion and when the clothes are dragging behind you it means that your
teachings your religious teachings will stay behind you and benefit the people.” So
when his clothes are dragging behind him it means that his teachings will stay behind
him for a long time. And people are going to benefit from it.
Another virtue of Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu and this is in al-Bukhari there
were some woman in Quraysh who were with Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam.
And they were asking him so many questions and their voices were loud. The Hadith
says,””
9‫ا‬6‫ ا‬1 = 78Y+0 7'

They are asking him and they are asking him a lot and their voices were loud. And then
comes umar ibn khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu. The woman go into hiding and there is
suddenly mute. Umar ibn khattab came in and rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasallam
was laughing, umar bin khattab said, why are you laughing O Messenger of Allaah?
Rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasallam said, because of these women, their voices were
very loud and asking me so many questions then when you come in they suddenly go
into hiding and they are quiet. Umar ibn khattab said, O Messenger of Allaah they
should be respecting you and then he goes to these women sand says.””
9 E6‫!
 وات ا‬
You enemy of youselves. You are raising your voices in the presence of Allaah and you
fear me more than you fear Messenger of Allaah sallalahu ‘alaihe wsallam. They said,
yes
Kd‫ ا"] ا‬D6‫( ا‬6
They said, yes because you are harsh and rough. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
laughed and said,”O Umar Ibn Khattab ”
"e NTE‫ ا‬b #‫ ا‬NTE‫ ا‬b
 ‫ ا
ن‬bƒ‫
ب 
را‬R‫ !
ا ا‬b ‫اي ه‬
O Umar Ibn Khattab whenever Shaytan sees you, you taking road, he would take
another road. Shaytan could not come into your path. Two points on this hadith:
1. ibn hajar as-Qalaani he says this doesn’t mean that Umar Ibn Khattab is
infallable, it doesn’t mean that Umar Ibn Khattab is not exposed to the
Waswasah [1‫ ]و‬of Shaytan. But it means that Shaytan has no way into Umar
Ibn Khattab. And that Shaytan has hard time in dealing with Umar Ibn Khattab.
And that Shaytan fears Umar Ibn Khattab,
2. second point: and you will see whenever we are talking about the Seera [‫]ة‬
or the lives of Sahaab radhiAllaahu ‘anhum, its relating to the interaction
between men and the women. And the culture of the women in that time. How
was it in Madina? How was the life of women in Madinatu Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam? I think its fair to say that the women of Madina or the
society of Madina was more conservative than the liberal Muslims of today.
And its more liberal then the conservative Muslims of today. You will find them
somewhere in between.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

There wasn’t ineraction between men and the women, the would speak the voice of
women was not seen as Awrah [‫ ]=راة‬as we see in this hadith. They were talking with
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam not only talking with him but there voices were
loud. And they would ask him and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam will give,
devote entire session women on weekly basis because they came to him and they said,
that the men are taking all of your time what about us? So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam devoted some special time for the women and the women would also attend
the sessions with the men. So they ended up in getting a good deal. Because they would
also attend the Halaqat [1%O\‫ ت‬%O] in the Masjid. They used to attend in Musalla [
! ] there wasn’t a barrier in those days, they would pray behind the men. Women
used to serve in the Walayah [1
:‫]و‬, invitations, they participated in Jihad [‫ د‬2] with
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam, so I think there is a lot to learn if we go back to
history and study the qualities of the society of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam in
those days.
Again I think in my view, they were more conservative then the libral Muslims of today
and they were more liberal then the conservative Muslims are. And they would carry on
with their lives with [7'O] modesty, and when they would be dealing with men they
would be dealing with men in a formal way, it wasn’t in informal joking way or
manner. It was in a formal way. So we needs to avoid the extremes today of going into
the feminist ideology or realm or going to this conservative realm of where woman
should stuck in that room not allowed to be seen by anyone, not to talk to anyone and
not to learn anything and not to go to the Masjid, not to not not not…… we have to go
back to the Seerah of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and to see how the society
was then? That is the “Ideal Society”. Plus Umar Ibn Khattab go and give Naseeha [
15] to the wives of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. A brother was telling
me, how a brother will feel today, a brother goes and gives his wife a Naseeha?
Obviously Umar Ibn Khattab had his daughter as Umahatul Mo’mineen [  \‫]ا  ت ا‬
but he would aslo direct the talk to all of them.
We have already talked about his virtue of being [‫ ّث‬5 ‫ او‬1 :‫ ا‬UP‫ ه‬5 ] Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam says’
= 7  O‫! ا‬+ ‫ن ! اي
' ا‬W 5  ‫' ا‬/ ! ‫ آ ن‬%
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, there were Mohadasoon in the nations
before you and if there is going to be Mohaddas in my Ummah it would be Umar Ibn
Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu.

Umar Ibn Khattab was also seen in another dream by Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam, amazing dream and this is in al-Bukhari narrated by Abi Hurairah radhiAllahu
‘anhu, Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,”while I was asleep, I saw that I was
drawing water from a well. [So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was drawing
water int his bucket] and then Abu Bakr came after me and he drew out water once or
twice and his drawing was weak May Allaah forgive him. [what Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam saying here is May Allaah forgive him he is not criticizing Abu Bakr
he is making a dua’ for him May Allaah forgive him]. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam said, Abu Bakr he with drew water once or twice but it was weak. And then
Umar Ibn Khattab came. And he withdrew water and he was so strong [ E! ‫ّي‬3 ‫ ارى‬:
L!:][Please correct arabic script,if correction needed] I haven’t seen a master who was
givin out water like him until all of the people left and they were full and their animals
too, water was going left and right.” Umar Ibn Khattab was strong he was just drawing

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

bucket after another and pouring it and feeding the people. Whats the interpretation of
this dream?
The scholars look back at our history and says this dream is talking about the Khilafah.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was the one who was running the affairs of
Muslims so he was the one giving them water. And then Abu Bakr came after him and
he was giving the people water but Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said it was
weak why? Because Khilafah of Abu Bakr was little over two years a very short time,
but then Umar Ibn Khattab came in and his Khilafah was long ten plus [10 +] and that
was the golden era of Islam. That was when the blessings came down on the Ummah in
terms of knowledge, in terms of spreading of knowledge, in terms of the Futohaat [
‫
ت‬5:] the conquests, also when it comes to wordly aspects the administration of the
Ummah and the insitituitions and the wealthwise the Muslims were starting to become
very wealthy. So this Hadith is talking about the Khilafah of Umar Ibn Khattab
radhiAllahu ‘anhu. The word Aqqari [‫ي‬3] means today Genius but it also means
Master or Leader Nobleman.
In another dream; brothers and sisters dreams play an important role in the days of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam after
Saalatul Fajr would turn around and he would ask the Sahaaba did any of you have
seen a dream? And they would narrate their dream and he would interpret dreams for
them and sometimes Abu Bakr would interpret the dream, so the dreams are
Mubashiraat [‫ ]ّات‬they are glad tidings that Allaah gives to this Ummah. So the
early Muslims use to talk about the dreams, they would talk about the Fitan [5:] they
would talk about the events of end of time. This is not something like that you are not
suppose to involve in obviously things need to follow the criteria of Sharia’a and for
example somebody comes and says that in a dream I have seen the voice told me not to
pray anymore. See the dreams do not change the Sharai’a. Dreams don’t make Haalal
Haraam or Haraam Haalal. Dreams are Mubashiraat [a good news] glad tidings for
you. Because sometimes shaytan comes to people and deceive them like that.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, “In my dream I visited Jannah and I saw a
Rumaisa [70 ‫ ]ر‬a wife of Abu Talha a woman from al-Ansaar and then I heard
footsteps, so I asked who it was? I was told this was Bilaal and then I came near to a
beauftiful palace and I saw a woman who was making a Wudu [‫ء‬M‫ ]و‬next to the
palace. And I said whom this palace belongs to? I was told this palace belongs to Umar
Ibn Khattab. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said I wanted to go into the palace
and see it but then I rememberd your jealousy, so I walked away.” Umar Ibn Khattab
was jealous that was his nature. He was very protective of his wives and daughters. So
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam knew that so he didn’t want to go next to his
palace and he said because of your jealousy and Umar Ibn Khattab cried and he said,
not from you O Messenger of Allaah. What does it mean when a woman is making
Wudu outside of palace? I mean there is no Salah in Jannah so why would they make a
Wudu? Whats the point of making a Wudu in Jannah? So this was the question posed by
the scholars and an-Nawwawi or Ibn Hajar [Ibn Hajar actually] he said Wudu in Arabic
one of the derivates of it is [‫
ء‬M‫ ]و‬which means beauty. So this woman is making Wudu
in Jannah to make herself more beautiful. So every time she makes Wudu she becomes
more beautiful. So Wudu in Jannah is not for worship its not for Saalah but its to add
increase to her beauty and thats why she is making wudu. Umar ibn Khattab
radhiAllahu ‘anhu loved rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasallam so much. In al-Bukhari
umar ibn khattab goes to rasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wasallam and says,
 E6  #‫ ا‬VQ N1 B
ّ ‫ ا‬K‫ ا‬D6‫ ا‬#

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

O Messenger of Allaah I love you more than everything. Now Umar Ibn Khattab was
very straight forward and honest. He said, O Messenger of Allaah I love you more than
everything except myself. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told him not until you
love me more than yourself. Umar Ibn Khattab comes back and says O Messenger of
Allaah now I love you more than everything including myself. Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam said, now you have attained the Faith. You have attained complete
faith when you love Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam more than everything
including yourself.
Now today our understanding of love is that its an abstract feeling that you have in your
heart and there is no implications to it. But that’s not how they used to understand love.
For them love was a feeling and also an action. For them when you love somebody it
means you will put them in high esteem, you will think about them a lot, and when you
love someone more than yourself means that you will sacrifice yourself for them. So
love was not a lip service that’s not what you say its not something that you claim you
feel there are implications to it. When you are confronted with a situation where you
have to make a choice between your interests and the person you love that is a test on
whether you are more important or the other person. So if you love Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam more then yourself and you are confronted with a situation
where you have to sacrifice for Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam yourself , if you
sacrifice yourself for Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam that means you love him if
you don’t then it means you really love yourself more.
Now we try to get away from the real implications of loving Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam by praising him and reciting poetry and feel good things to make us
feel that you love him. And when we are put to the challenge time to really sacrifice for
him we bail out. If you love Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam? You will consider
his Sunnah to be more important than what the people think. You will consider his path
to be more important than your own interests and when Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam asks you in a Hadith to do something you will be ready to do it no matter what
the consequences are? That’s how you prove your love of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam. Not by singing a song about him. I am not saying praising Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam is Haaram don’t get me wrong sometimes people would
jump conclusions. I am just saying that might be an easy way out for you to feel good
that you love Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Making Salaah on Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam in the form of poetry or in form of Nasheeds [ Q
6] are
absolutely fine but that’s not the criteria that proves whether you love him or not? It is
the Sunnah of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam proves that not only loving
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam if you loving Allaah. Allaah Azza wajal says,””
'(‫' ذ‬8Y
‫' ا> و‬5
!*ّ+ >‫ن ا‬59 +‫ان آ‬
If you claim that you love Allaah? In Surat ‘ale Imraan if you claim that you love
Allaah then follow the Messenger of Allaah, Allaah Azza wajal will love you and
forgive you.
So even if you want to show your love of Allaah Azza wajal you going to have to
follow the way of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. And when we talk about the
Sunnah of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam we just shouldn’t think about sunnah
as the outward sunnah which is the part of the Sunnah but also how did he live his life?
What did he spend his time doing in Madina? Did he spend his time fighting the
enemies of Allaah? or did he spend his time [what did Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam do when he was in Madina?]. How did he spend those ten years? We should want
to do the same like he did. He spent his time in Jihad Fi Sabeelillah [ ‫ ا‬N : ‫
د‬9] ,
teaching in the Masjid, Qur’an and Hadith, and being an example for the Sahaaba that’s
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

how he spend his time? Being an example teaching and fighting fi sabeelillah. That’s
the sunnah of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. You want to talk about sunnah
this is the sunnah of Rasoolullah salawatuhulahe wasalamu ‘aliahe and Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam loved them a lot too its not just one way. They both love
each other ‘Amr Ibn ‘Aas radhiAllahu ‘anhu he went to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam and said who is the most beloved person to you? Rasoollulah sallalahu
‘alaihe wasallam said,”’Ayesha” ‘Amr said what about the men? Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam said,’her father.’ ‘Amr said, and then whom? Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam said, “Umar Ibn Khattab”.
So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam loved Abu Bakr the most and then Umar Ibn
Khattab comes next. He was given glad tidings of Jannah many times, one in Mecca
which is the Ten [/7T‫  ا‬F ‫‘ ]ة ا‬asharat um-mubashira fi Jannah but also in
Madina happened more than once, Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was sitting in
[a!(‫ ]…ا‬bir al-‘arees you have a well and then quarding them and then it would be
surrounded by a wall. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was sitting on the ring
of the well, they would also have a pool next to the well to draw water to the pool that
you can come and drink immediately you don’t have to draw water so that there would
be a small water pool. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was sitting with his
feet in that pool, ‘Abu Musa al-‘Ashari said, today I will going to be the guard for
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam not guard him in terms of protection but to make
sure that nobody comes in except when they seek permission. So he sits on the gate and
he hears somebody opening the gate, so he says, who is it? He says, Abu Bakr abu musa
goes to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and says Abu Bakr is outside should I
allow him in? Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, yes, [/7T
 F‫ ]و‬wa bushri
hu bil Jannah , yes and give him glad tidings of Jannah. So Abu Bakr comes in and says
[ ‫ ]ا‬alhumdulillah and then he sits next to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
on his right, and then Umar Ibn Khattab comes and he opens the gate abu Musa goes
and he asks for permission Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, allow him in [
/7T
 F‫ ]و‬wa bushri hu bil Jannah so Umar Ibn Khattab was given glad tidings of
Jannah and said [ ‫ ]ا‬alhumdulillah and he sat to the left of Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam and then Uthman comes, so Abu Musa asks for permission for him, so
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says, allow him in [9',‫  و‬/7T
 F ]
wa bushri hu bil Jannah ‘ala balwa wa toseebohum give him the glad tidings of Jannah
and that calamaty befall on him. So Uthman comes in and he says [ ‫ ]ا‬and then he
says [‫(
ن‬5  ‫ ]ا‬Allahu musta’an Praise be to Allaah and then he said,[‫(
ن‬5  ‫ ]ا‬Allaah
is the one to give me help. Because there was a glad tidings and there was also a
warning. A calamty befall on you. And this might be referring to the Fitnah that
happened at the end of his Khilafah that ended with his own death.
Uthman came and there was no place near Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam to sit
so he ended up sitting infront of them. Saeed ibn Musayyib says, we interpret that to
mean Their Graves. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and Abu Bakr sitting next
to him and that’s where they have been buried, Uthman ibn Affan there was no place
for him so he was burried in al-Baqeey.
When Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was ill, it was the illness that ended up
with his death salawatullahe sallamu ‘alaihe. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
told Ibn Zam’a to have somebody lead the prayer. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam according to this narration “have somebody leads the prayer”. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam did not specify Abu Bakr. Ibn Zam’a didn’t find Abu Bakr
so he told Umar Ibn Khattab to lead the Salaah, the voice of Umar Ibn Khattab was
loud. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam heard him in Salaah, he said,

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

  ‫ وا‬b‫ ا ذا‬K(!
Allaah Azza wajal rejects that and the Muslims reject that, and Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam repeated it again.

س‬7
 ': 1 ‫ ا‬
Tell Abu Bakr to lead the Salaat. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is saying that it
is not pleasing to Allaah and the Muslims to Umar Ibn Khattab lead the Salaat when
Abu Bakr is around. Abu Bakr should be the one to lead the Salaat. So when Abu Bakr
came back he was leading the salaat. Umar Ibn Khattab went to Ibn Zam’a and
said,”Woe to you Ibn Zam’a! why did you do that to me? ” when you told me to lead
the salaat I thought Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told you to tell me to lead
the salaat, if that wouldn’t have the case I would not lead the salaat. Ibn Zam’a said,
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam did not tell me to tell you to lead the salaat, but
when I didn’t find Abu Bakr I saw you the most appropriate person to lead the salaat.
So there are two things to learn from this hadith:
1. Number one: Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam did not specify to ibn
Zam’a to have Abu Bakr to lead the salaat. Nevertheless, ibn Zma’a
understood that it means Abu Bakr. Which sends a very clear message for the
Muslim community, it was clear to them the Abu Bakr was their leader. That
he is the one who should be the Imam. That’s number one.
2. Number two: Ibn Zama’a made a judgment if Abu Bakr is not around then one
who should be Imam in his absence is Umar Ibn Khattab. So according to ibn
Zama’a second in command is Umar Ibn Khattab. And for Muslims position of
the Imam of Salaat is more important then leading them in dunya affaris.
Because Imam in Salaat is Imam in Deen and for them Deen was more
important then Dunya.So, they would appoint somebody to lead them in Deen,
its obvious that the person would lead them in Dunya because for them Deen
was higher than Dunya.
And this is one of the many evidances or indications that the Khilafah starts with Abu
Bakr and then Umar Ibn Khattab. When Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam passed
away, Abu Bakr wasn’t around he was in the as-Sanah, one of his wives in as-Sanah
which was close to Madina. So he was not present when Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam was passed away. The news spread and it was the greatest catastrophe that the
Sahaaba every experienced. I mean, you will not be able to understand what the
Sahaaba went through? Because for them Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was
everything.
Sahaaba would go back home to their wives and children and then they would feel
home sick. They are at home and they are feeling home sick. So, they want to go back
to their real home, the presence of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. And they
would say, ‘we would be completely different people when we are in your presence
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam.’
One of the Sahaaba said,”N7 Z:
6” nafaqa hunbala I am an hypocrite, Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam told him how come you said? He said, because Messenger of
Allaah when I am with you, I feel in my heart to be closest to Allaah then when I go
back home, and blend in with my kids and my family I feel different. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam told him, first of all he told him that its not a nifaq and then
he told him,”if you would carry on in the same state you are in when you are with me
the angels would come and shake your hands in the streets of Madina” but its [ ‫ و‬1= 
>‫ ا‬1= ] but its one hour for yourself and one hour for Allaah and hour for your family.
That’s the destiny of Allaah for us as human. You have to split your time half.
Sometimes has to go to work, sometimes has to go to family, sometimes has to go to
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Ibaadah[‫]
دة‬. You can’t have it all going in one area this [/6
‫ ]ره‬rahbaniya life in
monastaries is not something that is approved in Islam.

So it was a shock for Sahaaba some of them just sat down and couldn’t move, like
Uthman he couldn’t speak. That’s it, he sat down and couldn’t speak. He couldn’t
anything helpless. While Umar Ibn Khattab was carrying his sword roaming around
then he went to the Masjid and he stands up and he gives a speech. He says “there are
some Munafiqeens [3:
7] who are claiming that Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam had died, Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam did not die, but he went to meet
Allaah like Musa went to meet Allaah. And when Musa went to meet Allaah for forty
days [Nƒ‫ اا‬7] Banu Israel said,”he died but then he came back.” And Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam will came back like Musa came back. And Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam will cut off the hands and feet of the people who claim that
he died”. And he was saying, anybody who is saying that Muhammad sallalahu alaihe
wa salam is dead I am going to behead him with this sword.
Umar Ibn Khattab, his heart could not handle it, could not believe that Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam died. That was how difficult it was on them. A strong man
like Umar Ibn Khattab for him to be shaken like this in such a way it tells you that
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam meant everything to him. Because he was not
feeble, weak man he was very very strong man who had control over his emotions. So
that shows you how dear Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was dear to Umar Ibn
Khattab. His heart was telling him don’t believe it and his emotions overwhelmed his
mind. Abu Bakr came back on his horse went straight to the house of Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam died on the lap of
‘Ayesha, so he uncoveres Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and then he kisses
him and cries, and then Abu Bakr says,”the death that was destined for you has
passed, you will never die again” then Abu Bakr goes to the Masjid, while Umar Ibn
Khattab is speaking telling the people that Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam did
not die. Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu said to Umar Ibn Khattab stay quiet.
Umar Ibn Khattab was not listening, he was carrying on! So Abu Bakr ignored him, and
stood aside and started speaking. So when people saw Abu Bakr speaking they left
Umar Ibn Khattab and they came to him. Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu was
very short and very brief in speech he made, he said,””
 D" = ‫ رل‬#‫ ! ت و
 ا‬#  ‫;ن ا‬: ‫ آ
ن !(  ا ان  ا = 
ت و آ
ن !( وا ا‬
‫ى ا‬gT‫…
] و‬Q ‫ ا‬C! ‫
ن‬: 3  K37! ‫ و‬1
3‫  ا‬536‫ ا‬N5: ‫
ن 
ت او‬:‫ ا‬N‫= ا‬
[!‫
آ‬Q‫ا‬
Whoever, was worshiping Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Muhammad sallalahu
alaihe wa salam is dead and whoever, was worshiping Allaah, Allaah is alive and never
dies.and then he recites to them an ayaat from surah ‘ale imran”that Muhammad
sallalahu alaihe wa salam is but a messenger if he dies, or he is killed are you going to
go back on your heels?” Abu Hurairah said,”as if we heard this verse for the first time.”
When Abu Bakr narrated this verse to us we all went around reciting that verse and
carrying it to the people. And then there was the important event of choosing the
Khalifah.

Event of choosing the khalifah:


Sahaaba were discussing it even before they burried the Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam passed away on Monday and he was
burried on Wednesday. Now we know the Sunnah is to speed up the burial process. The
sunnah is to burry the deceased as fast as possible. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

salam his Janazah was delayed for two days, he died on Monday and he was burried on
Wednesday why? Because Sahaaba were busy in discussing the issue of Khilafah.
Saeed ibn Musayyib was asked about it how come they neglect the janzah and
discussing this issue of Khilafah? Some people today might say what? That they were
so busy with politics that they leave the Sunnah of janazah? Saeed ibn Musayyib
said,”The Sahaaba didn’t want to be outside the Jamma’a of even part of a day ” living
in a Jamma’a was so important to the Sahaaba they did not want a day to pass by
without them being with a Jamma’a and with an Ameer, because you can not have a
Jamma’a without Ameer. [there is no Jamma’a without Ameer] so they had to sort out
who will be the Ameer first. And the fact that they put that in a greater priority then the
burrial of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam tells you that their understanding was
that the issue of Khilafah was critical and they delayed the Janazah to discuss that.
The Ansaar were discussing appointing the Ameer within their ranks. So the news
reaches to Abu Bakr Umar Ibn Khattab and Abu Obaidah so the three men rush to
Saqeefat [k3H] Banu Sa’da [‫( ة‬7] a political shed belongs to Banu Sa’da. The Ansaar
were meeting under it and they were discussing this issue. Abu Bakr Umar Ibn Khattab
and Uthman and Abu Obaidah rushing. Umar Ibn Khattab said, I already prepared a
speech. I already worked out a speech in my mind of some important points to be said,
so I stand up and I wanted to speak and Abu Bakr stops me and he starts speaking.
Umar Ibn Khattab said there was nothing that I wanted to say that Abu Bakr did not say
and he aided more to it.
Umar Ibn Khattab said whole point of me preparing the speech was so that because may
be Abu Bakr was shy of saying something may be he miss something so I wanted to do
it for him. He ended up saying it and more. He said, I couldn’t have done better than
that. The just of it was that the issue of Khilafah should be among the people of
Quraysh the Muhajiroon. Which are the poor group of dawa’. The Ansaar had the
different understanding since they are the helpers they are the one who assisted
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam they should be the leaders plus this is their town
this is their land. And they were planning to appoint Sa’d bin Abi ‘Abadah as the
Ameer. Abu Bakr told Sa’d bin Abi ‘Abadah, Sa’d did you remember one day we were
sitting with Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam said that khilafah is in Quraysh. Do you remember that? Sa’d bin Abi ‘Abadah
said, yes I do remember that.
So he reminded him with that hadith and there were some discussions went on for
example this suggestion by al-Hubaab al-Munzr [‫ ا‬17‫ ا و‬ ّ ] lets have one Ameer
from us and one Ameer from you. Umar Ibn Khattab said, you can not have two ameers
in one house. So Abu Bakr to bring an end to this discussion that could end up causing
Fitnah, he said, give [L] bai’ah to these two men, Abu Obaidah Ibn Jarrah or Umar
Ibn Khattab. Give bai’ah to one of them either Umar Ibn Khattab or Abu Obaidah.
Umar Ibn Khattab he jummed ahead and he grabbed the hand of Abu Bakr and said, ‘I
give you the bai’ah’ that’s it he put them on the spot. You can not back out of it. The
narrator said then they just jumped on Abu Bakr giving him bai’ah and they were about
to step over Sa’d bin Abi ‘Abadah as Sa’d bin Abi ‘Abadah had a fever and he was sick.
So they were about to step over him to crush him that’s how emotional they were and
how bad they wanted to give bai’ah to Abu Bakr.
So this tells us Sahaaba radhiAllaahu ‘anhum in their disputes they were very honest
and sincere and when they would realize that their opinion was not the right opinion
they weren’t stubborn. These were the Ansaar who wanted to give bai’ah to Sa’d bin
Abi ’Abadah are now jumping ahead to give bai’ah to Abu Bakr. So it wasn’t personal
interest, it wasn’t jealousy, it wasn’t selfishness. They thought they had the right to

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

claim to it when they realized that it belongs to Abu Bakr they gave him the bai’ah.
Next day in the Masjid [because this was a private bai’ah in a private meeting] Abu
Bakr walks in Umar Ibn Khattab goes and stands on the pulpit and he asks everyone in
the Masjid to give a bai’ah to Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu.

Dear brothers and sisters! There is very important thing to learn here Umar Ibn Khattab
was a man of initiative, he would take the initiative. There are sometime things that you
can not do, its not right to come from you. Abu Bakr cannot go around people and
telling them give me bai’ah and he did it. Sometimes we wait for our leaders to do
everything. There are somethings that our leaders cannot do, either because they are
uncapable of doing it, either because they don’t want to do it, or it could be because its
not appropriate for them to do it. You need to have initiative and go and do it. Abu Bakr
he did not call people to give him Khilafah he called people to give it to Umar Ibn
Khattab or Abu Obaidah but Umar Ibn Khattab knew that it belongs to Abu Bakr so he
took the initiative and he did it and then he did it in the Masjid again.
There is a lot of passiveness in the Muslims today we need to throw that behind and be
proactive. Take the initiative, when there is something that is right and you are the one
who could do it, go ahead and do it don’t wait. The leader was Abu Bakr but Umar Ibn
Khattab went ahead and did it because if he seeks permission from Abu Bakr to do it
Abu Bakr would refused. He went ahead and he put him on the spot and he gave him
bai’ah. And then in the masjid he was recruiting the bai’ah soliciting the bai’ah from
the people. He was a man of initiative and we need that trait that attribute today, we
need it badly.

Some incidence that happened during the time of Abu Bakr’s Khilafah:
There was a man called Aswad al-Ansi [B 6#‫د ا‬#‫]ا‬in Yemen, he claimed to be a
prophet. [this was a man in Yemen who claimed to be a Prophet]. During the last days
of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam, Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam saw a
dream where he is wearing two bracelets of gold and then he looked at them and they
flew away from his hand. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam said I interpret those
to be liar of Yemen and lair of Yamamah. There were two men who claimed to be
prophets in the times of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. Aswad al-Ansi in
Yemen and Musailmah Kazzab [‫اب‬8‫ ]   آ‬in al-Yamamah. They came in the form of
gold so gold doesn’t mean good things in dreams. Whenever you see gold its not a good
sign. In this dream it meant these two lairs, it also means the things that are fake, unreal,
deceptive, these are all meanings of gold in dreams. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam blew them and they just flew away so that means that their Fitnah will go away.
Anways aswad al-Ansi his Fitnah carried on passed the time of Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam and the same with Musailmah Kathab but then it was Abu Bakr who
ended their Fitnah.
Aswad al-Ansi arrested a man in Yemen called Abdullah ibn Sowri [‫رى‬H ‫ ] ا ا‬and
he was a Wali Allaah [ ‫ ]و ا‬pious man. His Kuniyah [/7‫ ]آ‬was Abu Muslim al-
Khawlaani [6#R‫]ا   ا‬. Aswad al-Ansi arrested him and he told him do you bear
witness that I am the Messenger of Allaah? He said,’I cannot hear you’ he said, do you
bear witness that Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam is the Messenger of Allaah? He
said, Yes. So he makes sure that he doesn’t have hearing problems so he ask him again,
do you bear witness that I am the messenger of Allaah? He replied I cannot hear you.
Do you bear witness that Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam is the Messenger of
Allaah? He said, Yes. So aswar al-Ansi knew that he was playing games on him, so he
ordered him to be burnt alive. They tied him up and they threw him in the fire the only

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

thing that burnd on his body were the ropes that were tieing his arms, he came out
untouched. He walked out of fire untouched. The deputies of aswad al-Ansi said,”this
man will be a fitnah for us drive him out of the land.”this is a [/‫ ]آا‬karamah send him
out, so he was forced to leave Yemen and he went to al-Madina enters into Masjid
Nabawwi [‫ي‬7‫ ا‬T ] this was during the khilafah of Abu Bakr he goes into the masjid
Nabawwi and prays and Abu Bakr was sitting with Umar Ibn Khattab, Umar Ibn
Khattab sees this foreign man coming and he never met him before. Umar Ibn Khattab
walks to him after he finishes his Salaat and he said,”are you from Yemen? He said,
Yes.” He said, what happened that man who was burnt in the fire and he came out free?
He said, that man is Abdullah ibn Zowb Umar Ibn Khattab said I ask you in the Name
of Allaah is it you? The man said, Yes. Umar Ibn Khattab embraced him and kissed him
and then he took him to Abu Bakr as-Siddique and he had him sit between him and Abu
Bakr and he said, praise is be to Allaah who did not allow me to die until he made me
see a man who went through a miracles very similar to the miracle of Ibrahim ‘alaihe
sallam.
First of all look at the amazing Farasah of Umar Ibn Khattab, he sees this man, never
meet him before and he knows this is the man who was burnt in the fire by just looking
at his face. An amazing farasah and then the second thing, and this is blessing of Allaah
subhanahu wata’ala on this Ummah, there are men in this Ummah who are not Prophets
but they are friends of Allaah [N‫و‬g ‫ ]او
ء ا‬who went through Karamat that are
similar that were given to Anbiya. Abu ‘Ala al-Hadhrami [BC #‫ ]اا‬we talked
about him during our series on Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu he performed
miracle similar to the miracle of Musa ‘alaihe sallam he walked on water. And here you
have Abu Muslim al-Khawlaani he is burnt in the fire like Ibraheem ‘alaihe sallam and
he comes out unscraped untouhed. So this is a blessed Ummah. This is the greatest
Ummah. Abu Bakr radhiAllaahu ‘anhu had a reputation of very soft and compassionate
man so the Bedoin of Arabia want to take advantage of that, these Bedoins were harsh
and rough they are attached to Dunya and their profession was raiding caravans and
oppressing others so they felt that this is a soft man we will take advantage of him. The
name Abu Bakr means the young lively camel [abu Bakr young lively camel] its not his
real name, his real name is Abdullah but this was his Kuniyah Abu Bakr which is the
father of a lively camel or the one of the lively camel. So these tribes they use to make
fun of Abu Bakr and they say,”Abu al-Haseer”['#‫ ]ا ا‬the father of the infant camel
to mean that he is weak. ‘Odaee ibn haatim will tell them a day will come when you
will realize that he was [‫آ‬#‫ ا‬N9E‫ ]اا‬abu Fahl al-Akbar but he is a father of a great
stallion, you will come to know that becareful. Anyway one of these tribes decided they
don’t want to pay the Zakkah [‫ ]زآاة‬we are not going to pay to Abu Bakr. We use to
pay to rasoolullah salallahu ‘alaihe wasallam and we are not going to pay it to abu
bakr. Abu Bakr sends one army after another [one army after another] and they came to
realize that he is serious that he is not going to leave them alone. And they were loosing
big time. They eventually have to submit they came to Abu Bakr and what they wanted
to do, they want to make a peace agreement. Abu Bakr Siddique said, I am going to
give you two choices:

‫ي‬gR6 /(" ‫ّ


او‬T ‫ا
ب‬
[Please make correction accordingly for arabic script incase of errors]
I give you two options one a war of extermination and second a humiliating plan for
peace agreement. They said we understand what war of extermination means he is

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

going to wipe us out. That’s one option and the second option what do you mean by [
‫ي؟‬gR6 /("] a humiliating agreement ? he said,
1. “I want you to hand over all of your arms and then you follow the tails of your
camels.” To them even among the people of Jahiliyah in those days, a man
without his arms is no different then the animals. If you don’t have weapons you
are equal to a camel or a donkey or a horse. That was their perception in those
days. So Abu Bakr is telling them you hand over all your arms and you follow
the tails of your camels. You and your camels become equal.
2. Number two: the spoils of wars we took from you we are not going to hand
them back and anything that you took from us you handed it over back to us.
3. Number three: you publically testify that the one you killed among us are going
to Jannah and the ones killed among you are going to Hell fire. This is very
humiliating thing for them to go around telling the people that the one who died
among us are going to Hell fire and the ones whom we kill among them are
going to Jannah and then he said,””
4. I want you to pay the blood money for the ones who you kill among us and we
don’t pay you anything for the ones whom we killed among you.

And then Abu Bakr said, I need your advice. He is asking Umar Ibn Khattab. Umar Ibn
Khattab said,”giving them a choice of war of extermination or a humiliating agreement
I agree with that. Saying that they have to publically declare dead among them go to
Hell fire and dead among us go to Jannah I agree with that.they pay us what they took
from us and we don’t pay them back I agree with that. That they give up their weapons
and that they follow their camels I agree with that. But when you say that we don’t have
to pay them blood money and they have to pay us blood money the dead among us were
Shuhada Fi Sabeelillah [ ‫ ا‬N : ‫ اء‬9Q] and their reward is on Allaah Azza wajal so
we don’t want any money from them. These are Shuhada they don’t pay anything for
that. Its an honour for them that they died Fi Sabeelillah.
So he agreed with everything except with this clause in the agreement. So Abu Bakr
gave these Murtadeens [! ,] very different impression. He was very strict and he
needed to be because this was al-Haq [Z‫ ]ا‬this was the truth Fi Sabeelillah.

Another incident that happened:


There are two men from the ‘iradh the leaders of the bedoin clan. Al-‘Qra’a bin Haris [
   7 ‫اء  
رث و‬3(‫‘[ ]ا‬Oayyna bin Hassan] these two men were trouble makers
they used to cause a lot of trouble in the time of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
and they were ask late in out of Islam. When they see the dunya is on the side of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam will go with them and whenever scale tilts to the
Mushrikeens they would go with them. They were the people of dunya. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam wanted to win them over because they were prominent
people in their tribes. So he was giving them from the Zakkah and he was giving them
from the Ghanaim [ƒ
7d] in order to win them over. And that is allowed in da’wah you
can win over people by encouraging them even if money is involved. So Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam was given them to soften their hearts to get a commitment
from them because he knows behind them are many people who would become Muslim
if they became Muslim.
Thess two men came to Abu Bakr Siddique when he was a Khalifah and they
said,”there is a waste land it doesn’t belong to anyone can you please give it to us so
that we will use it as a place of a pasture for our cattle.” Abu Bakr Siddique didn’t see a
problem with that, this land is a waste land, it doesn’t belong to anybody so why not?
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

He sort [he made a Shura] with the Sahaaba who were with him. He consulted them,
they didn’t see a problem with that. So Abu Bakr Siddique writes a document,”that this
piece of land [we say in America “Title”, titled that this belongs to you] he wrote down
that this land belongs to them and he writes down that Umar Ibn Khattab is one of the
witnesses.” Now Umar Ibn Khattab wasn’t present. So he has a name of Umar Ibn
Khattab and he gives this document to al-‘Qra’a and ‘Oyyaynah so they go to find
Umar Ibn Khattab so that he can sign on it because his name is their so he has to sign it.
He is one of the Shoohud [‫د‬9Q] one of the witnesses. So to al-‘Qra’a and ‘Oyyaynah
they go and they find Umar Ibn Khattab applying Tar [ ‫ ]=اع‬he use to apply Tar, its
called in Arabic Qatraun. They use to apply to their camels to cure them from the flees.
So they would apply this tar. So he is applying this tar to his camel working hard on his
camel. Now the Sahaaba would do this type of work that now you may be assuming a
servant be doing it but Umar Ibn Khattab was doing it himself.
So al-‘Qra’a and ‘Oyyaynah these are rough men they are from the desert they come to
Umar Ibn Khattab and they say that we have this document from Abu Bakr the Khalifah
and has your name on it and we want you to sign it. So shall we read or you read? He
said, we you see I am busy so if you want to read so go ahead and if you want me to
read it then you will have to wait until I finish. They said, alright we will go ahead and
read it. So they read it, what does Umar Ibn Khattab do? He stands up and he grabs the
document and he spits on it and he wipes everything in there. That’s it the title is gone.
al-‘Qra’a and ‘Oyyaynah were angry were exploding and they were arguing with Umar
Ibn Khattab. Umar Ibn Khattab told them Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam use to
give you when Islam was weak today Islam is strong so go and work for yourself. You
are not going to get anything for free Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam used to
give you yesterday because Islam was weak we don’t need you now. They were
fumming they went to Abu Bakr Siddique they were just steamed coming out of their
heads. They said,”we do not know who is the Khalifah you or Umar Ibn Khattab?”
who is making the decision? What did Abu Bakr say? Abu Bakr said, he is the khalifah
if he wants. He is the khalifah if he wants.now you know when you are in a position in
administration and somebody steps into your territory you become very very sensitive.
He stirfores [1:03:49] they cause so much hatred in the hearts. You are stepping over
my toes. You are getting into my realm of sphere of influence whatever, and fight starts
Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu said, if he wants to become a khalifah he can be
the khalifah. They were doing it for the sake of Allaah they were not doing it for their
personal interests. Even though the khilafah is the greatest status that exists on the face
of the earth. There is no status at all higher than the khalifah in the Muslim or non
Muslim world. Khalifah is the highest. Nevertheless, they were so easy with it Abu
Bakr didn’t have problem of giving it to Umar Ibn Khattab so you should be wondering
today how come Muslims are fighting? We have nothing, we have no khilafah we have
no wealth we have nothing and we are still fighting on these small territories. Its foolish
it doesn’t make any sense whatsoever. I mean you fight al-Khilafah they didn’t fight in
the times of Sahaaba but then later on in times of Banu Ummaya and Banu ‘Abbas they
were fighting on khilafah. Its wrong but atleast there is a reason for them to fight. You
know that they are fighting on something big even though that was wrong. But now
what are Muslims fighting for? NOTHING!! Its miserable. Abu Bakr said if he wants
to become a khalifah he is a khalifah Umar Ibn Khattab comes in and he was angry. He
comes to the khalifah and look at how he speaks to the khalifah,he said”this land does it
belongs to you? Or it belongs to Muslims?” Abu Bakr Siddique rahdiAllahu ‘anhu
said,”it belongs to the Muslims.” He said,”then how come you can give this to these two
men?” Abu Bakr Siddique said,”I have made a Shura, I consulted the Sahaaba” Umar

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Ibn Khattab said,”you consulted these Sahaaba but did you consult all of the Muslims?”
Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu said,”O Umar Ibn Khattab! I already told you
before that you are more competent to do this job then me but you refused.”I already
told you Umar Ibn Khattab I wanted you to become a khalifah you are stronger than me
you are more competent then me but you are the one who refused. Can you imagine a
leader to say that??? Can you imagine a president or a king or a prime minister saying
that publically that you ought to be the leader you are better than me in the greatest
democracy of the democracies you would not find that let alone in journey of the
Islamic world. But Subhan Allaah [ ‫ ]
ن ا‬that was the way of Sahaaba. [ N3 ‫ا‬6
‫وآ‬
k1, ‫
س‬7‫ ]ا‬wa kanu ‘aqalanas takulufa that they were the least superficial. They were
very simple, easy, straight forward and honest people. Abu Bakr says it publically
infront of the people. Infront of al-‘Qra’a bin Haris and ‘Oyyaynah bin Hassan. I
wanted you to become a khalifah but you refused. But these were men who were living
for the Akhirah they were not living for the dunya. There minds were connected to
Akhirah, their eyes were fixed on Jannah dunya to them was just a bridge. [ ‫ ا‬N 

]’Abir Sabeelillah travel.

Finally, [‫ن‬e‫ء‬3‫ ا‬L ] jama’al Qur’an:


During the Khilfah of Abu Bakr in [‫ ]وب اداء‬huroob ar-Rida specifically in the wars
of Yamamah against Musailmah al-Kadhab hundreds of Sahaaba were killed and many
of them were Hufaaz [‫
ظ‬E] of Qur’an [memorizers of Qur’an ] Umar Ibn Khattab goes
to Abu Bakr and says,” N53‫ّ ا‬,‫ اذ‬3 ” death is going through the memorizers of the
Qur’an and I am afraid that death will take them away in one battle after another battle
so you have to compile the Qur’an. Upto that stage Qur’an was not compiled in one
book. Qur’an if you want a mushaf [k'] it would be a huge sack of bones, pieces of
wood, leaves and leather. They use to write it on the shoulder bone of camel because it
was big plate. They would write it on a piece of wood they would write it on a piece of
leather they would write it on a palm leaves. So the mushaf would be a huge sack and it
wasn’t really compiled in one place and was spread around. every Sahaabi would have a
one piece of it. Umar Ibn Khattab said, if the one who memorized the Qur’an are dead
mushaf would be lost. So you have to compile it together. Abu Bakr Siddique said,’how
you want me to do something that Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam did not do?’ [
L5
6‫ّ
ا‬6‫ ]إ‬inama ana mutabi’a I am a follower I am not an innovator. Umar Ibn
Khattab kept on argueing with Abu Bakr again and again until he convinced him. That
this is the [L'] masliha’ that this is a good thing to do and its not an innovation. Abu
Bakr agreed and then they decided to appoint that task Zayd bin Thabit [D
H  !‫ ]ز‬one
of al-Ansaar. Young man in his twenties, imagine this duty this huge project is hands
over to Zayd bin Thabit.
So, Zayd radhiAllahu ‘anhu was summoned to come and meet the khalifah Umar Ibn
Khattab was sitting next to Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu
said,”Umar Ibn Khattab came to me and said that death is taking away the lives of
many of the memorizers of Qur’an and we want you to be the one who compile the
mushaf” Zayd said,”how to you want me to do something which Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam did not do?” Abu Bakr said that’s what I said but then Umar Ibn
Khattab convinced me and they convinced Zayd. Zayd said,”if they had told me move a
mountain from its place it would have been an easier task then what they have given me
[the taks that they gave]. ” he felt that it was so heavy of a task so greater responsibility
it would be easier for him to move a mountain from its place. However, he did it he did
it perfectly and he combined the mushaf in one original copy that was left with Abu
Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu and that was the first compilation of Qur’an and then

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Uthman made copies of that original copies. So Uthman made copies of original copy
that was made by Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu.

One comment to make one this:


Where were the hufaaz of Qur’an? Where were the memorizers of Qur’an? How come
they were dieing? Where were they? THEY WERE IN THE LINE OF FIRE. the
memorizers of the Qur’an were not hiding away in their Masajids pretending to be
scholars leading the Salaat and staying away from trouble. Memorizers of the Qur’an in
those days were in the line of fire. Salim mowla Abi Hudhazfah [/E!8 ‫ ]
  ا‬he
was the one given the banner of war and they told him,”are you up for that challenge?
Are you sure that you are able to do this task?” he said,”
N=  D, ‫
ان‬6‫ن ا‬e‫ء‬3‫ ا‬N  (
[Please make correction in arabic script if needed]
I am the worse carrier of Qur’an if you are attacked from my side. How can I be a
carrier of Qur’an if I allow you to be attacked from my side? That was the
understanding that they had. If you are somebody who memorize the Qur’an you need
to be on the front line. You need to be the one practicing the Qur’an. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam said, “the time will come when people will memorize the
Qur’an and it doesn’t go beyond their throats” All what they can do is to recite it.
They don’t know what it means? And they are not practicing what it says. And these
are very dangerous people. And Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam warned us
from them. Qur’an can be an evidance for you or against you. If you know it and don’t
apply it that person ends up going into Hell fire.

So the hufaaz of Qur’an in those days were on the front line. And that’s why they
were hufaaz of Qur’an. Haafiz of Qur’an means someone protecting Qur’an and you
protect Qur’an by living it by promoting it and that what they were doing.

This was the life of Umar Ibn Khattab with Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu insha
Allaah tomorrow we will start with the Khilafah of Umar Ibn Khattab

‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و  و‬6   ‫ ا‬
18 ‫ول‬:‫ دي ا‬21430
May 12, 2009

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

PART 5

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

‫اذ 
 ا
ن ا   ا ا
ن ا‬
‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و  و‬6   ‫م‬% ‫ة وا‬%'‫ا ا‬
When Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllaahu ‘anhu feeling that death is approaching him he
told the Sahaaba radhiAllahu ‘anhum I want you to choose for yourselves a khalifah
after me. Your bai’ah to me is over and I am not incharge of your affairs anymore
because I am leaving this dunya. And he wanted this affair to be settled down before he
dies. So Sahaaba radhiAllahu ‘anhum discussed the matter but then they came back to
Abu Bakr and they said, that we trust your advice so we put it back in your hands you
choose for us. Abu Bakr Siddique rahiaAllahun ‘anhu said then give me some time to
decide.
Abu Bakr Siddique rahiAllahu ‘anhu called Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf and he asked him
and he said,”inform me about Umar Ibn Khattab?” Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf
radhiAllahu ‘anhu said,”he don’t ask me about anything but you have better knowledge
than me” anything that you ask me about you know it better than I do. Abu Bakr as-
Siddique said,”even though, I want to hear your opinion?” so Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf
said
W,
ّ  ‫ه "ا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Umar Ibn Khattab is better than what you think of! Abu Bakr radhiAllahu ‘anhu said
‫ ا‬B7 5‫اآ‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Keep this conversation private. Abu Bakr as-Siddique invited Uthman ibn Affan, he
said, “tell me about Umar Ibn Khattab?” Uthman Ibn Affan said,”” basically he said the
same thing “anything you ask me about you know it better than I do?” the Sahaaba
radhiAllaahu ‘anhum gave it to Abu Bakr, he was most scholarly, most knowledgeable
among them. Abu Bakr said, I still want to hear your opinion on Umar Ibn Khattab? He
said,” I know what I know of Umar Ibn Khattab? And Allaah is my witness! Is that his
inside is better than his outside and there is non among us is like him” [there is non of
us equal to Umar Ibn Khattab] and what we see of Umar Ibn Khattab in the outside
think is good and what is inside is even better. Abu Bakr Siddique rahdiAllahu ‘anhu
told Uthman ibn ‘Affan,”if I am going to by pass him is not going beyond you!” if I am
not going to choose Umar Ibn Khattab you will be my next choice. And then he asked
some of the Sahaaba radhiAllahu ‘anhum for example, Osayed Ibn Khubair one of al-
Ansaar. He was asked about Umar Ibn Khattab? Abu Bakr Siddique asked him Osayed
Ibn Khubair said, “”
!e‫ ا‬e

[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]


He is pleased with what ummah is pleased and he is displeased with what displeases the
ummah and there is non among us who is more competent stronger for this affair then
himHe is the most competent among us, to run this affair.

So, basically all of the Sahaaba were given Umar Ibn Khattab the council but there was
the concern of some of the Sahaaba for example, Talha [75f] that Umar Ibn Khattab is
rough and Talha was quite stern in the Naseeha that he gave to Abu Bakr he told him O
Abu Bakr! How will you answer on the Day of Judgment Allaah? When He tells you
that you appointed over the Muslims a man who is harsh and rough. Abu Bakr Siddique
was ill and he was on his bed and he sat up straight and he said,””
‫ ؟‬#9 > (‫أ‬
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]


Are you threatening me with Allaah? I will respond to Allaah on the Day of Judgment
by saying,”I have chosen the best among them to lead them.” He is the best among you.
So the opinion of Abu Bakr was settling on Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu and he
wrote a document of his appointment of Umar Ibn Khattab. And he gave that document
to Uthman ibn ‘Affan and he said,”you go and read it in the Masjid and you take a
bai’ah from the people.” Abu Bakr wanted to make sure that this issue is settled before
he dies.
So, Uthman goes to the Masjid and he says, “you give bai’ah to, who is in this
document? And they all gave bai’ah” so, bai’ah was given to Umar Ibn Khattab during
the time of Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu before he passed away. Ibn ma’sud
radhiAllahu ‘anhu he says,
 :‫ي ا‬%‫* ا‬+‫ن ا ا‬ ّ ‫ ا‬U*+‫ ا‬R(X
R / O ! 1O 6 ‫ث‬-W ‫اس ا س‬
G#+‫ ا‬O '((‫ و وا‬UP#+ ‫* ان‬8
‫ = ء ان‬U‫ا‬h 0O‫ ل ا‬/ O G
QO 6‫و‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Ibn Mas’ud says,”three with the greatest intuitions among makind are the woman or the
wife of Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= and the Master of Yousuf ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= and Abu Bakr as-Siddique
when he appointed Umar Ibn Khattab ” what are these three incidence? Ibn Masa’ud
says, that these three have the greatest Farasah [intuition] that ever existed among
humanity. The wife of Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7=, whem Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= left Egypt he was running
away from the Egypt to save his life, that was before he became a Nabi [B6] because
they wanted to execute him so he left Egypt and he went to the land of Madayan [ƒ‫] ا‬
he left alone and he didn’t have any trasnportation and he was travelling and his shoes
were torn apart, and then his skin on his feet was tearning apart and he was so hungry
he had to eat the leaves of the trees and so until his lips were cracking and the colour
was turning green. Because they are not edible not suitable for human consumption.
And Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= is going through that difficult journey and then he reaches to the
land of Madayan and even though he is exhausted and tired and hungry. He sees these
two women waiting on this side of the well, while all are the men are fighting to get
water. Musa ‫م‬% ‫  ا‬is still practicing
17 ‫  ا‬96 ‫ا 
 (وف و‬
Even though, he is in that exhausted state. This was the personality of Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= he
cannot hold back “enjoing good and forbiding evil” even if he is extremely tired and
exhausted. He is in a foreign land, he doesn’t know anybody there but still he cannot
stand seeing wrong happening infront of his eyes.
So he goes in and asks these two women [they are sisters] that how come you are not
quenching the thirst of your animals? They said, we cannot go in and fight with the
men. These men have no honour, they are fighting over the water and have these
women waiting and they are not standing in que. They are just fighting to get the water
and the poor ladies are wating. Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= jumps in and fights his way through and
he gets them water. And he is fighting them even he is in that exhausted state, he gets
some water and then he goes under a tree and he throws himself under a tree,
completely exhausted. He has no where to stay, no food to eat, no supporter no helper.
So he just lays down, and he says,
3: ‫  "ا‬B‫ ا‬Dg6‫ 
ا‬B6‫ ا‬B‫
ل[ر‬3:]
“O Allaah whatever, good you bring down on me I need it.” I have reached a state
where anything would do, O Allaah! Anything. 3: ‫  "ا‬B‫ ا‬Dg6‫ 
ا‬B6‫ ا‬he is
begging Allaah Azza wajal for anything. Subhan Allaah the dua’ of Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= was
immediately accepted. And this shows you brothers and sisters, the consequences of

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

doing good. Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= has every excuse in the world to be passive about at that
moment. Just sit down under the tree and forget about what those people are doing?
Those two women they went back home, and one of them went to her father and said, O
my father! Why don’t you hire that man? because the best man to hire is the one who is
trust worthy and strong. That action of Musa ‫م‬% ‫  ا‬look at the consequences of it.
The woman goes back home and told her old father hire this man. so she comes back
and she calls Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7=. Musa ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= goes there and he gets a job, he finds a
wife because this woman marries him and he was given a guarantee of work have to
eight or ten years. So he signs a contract to work for this man for eight to ten years as a
result of that small action of good that he did.
‫…
ء‬Q ‫ن  ا (وف‬19, #
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says,”never belittle anything good that you do”
anything! You don’t know what will be the act that will make it or break it. Whether on
the side of good or side of evil. A person could go up in levels in Jannah because of one
good word or they good go down levels in Hell fire because of one evil word. And you
are not even paying attenion to those words. One small deed can tilt the scales and you
will enter into Jannah, one evil deed can tilt the scales and you are going to Hell fire. #
‫…
ء‬Q ‫ن  ا (وف‬19, “donnot belittle anything good that you do” and at the same time
donot see any sin being insignificant. So ibn Masa’ud says this woman had great
Farasah is very intuitive.

Ths second Sahib Yusuf ‫م‬% ‫ ا‬: [G


QO 6‫]و‬
When Yusuf ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= was found in the well, he was sold as a slave in Egypt. The man
who purchased him was the, we wll say the Prime Minister or Treasurer of Egypt. He is
the one who purchased Yusuf ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= when he took this young boy home he told his
wife
F‫اآ *ا‬
“Make his stay with us honorable” he is a slave, but he told his wife make his stay
among us honorable because one day he might be a great benefit for us or we might
adopt him as a son. So this man saw some marks of intelligence and wisdom in Yusuf
‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= so he gave special instructions to his wife to treat him well. He didn’t know
that one day this man will grow up and be one of the Anbiya.
And the Third:
Ibn Mas’ud says,”Abu Bakr when he appointed Umar Ibn Khattab to be the Khalifah.”
May be one of the greatest deeds of Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu before he
died he appointed Umar Ibn Khattab to be the Khalifah. Because everything that Umar
Ibn Khattab did after that goes into the scales of Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu.
And that’s why Abu Bakr Siddique is higher than everybody including Umar Ibn
Khattab because his khilafah becomes one of the Hasanat [‫
ت‬7 ] of Abu Bakr
Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu. It had a choice that had a Towfique [Z:,] of Allaah Azza
wajal. Allaah Azza wajal gave Abu Bakr success in that choice of leaving behind Umar
Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu.

Ibn ‘Abbas radiAllahu ‘anhu when Umar Ibn Khattab was passing away he came and he
gave him some words to import to compfort the Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu
among those words he said, “”
‫ ن‬W‫ ا‬+- != G+5
‫و‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

“No two men disputed in your Khilafah“ which means that the khilafah of Umar Ibn
Khattab was with consinsus of Sahaaba and we know that consensus in this Ummah is
Hujjah [/T] evidence and here we just don’t have consensus of the Ummah we have
consensus of Greatest Generation of the Ummah the generation of Sahaaba radhiAllahu
‘anhum. We know in Fiqh that the evidence is the Ayaah of the Qur’an or the Hadith of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam or Ijma’h [‫ ]ا
ع‬the consensus. So, it was the
consensus of Sahaaba radhiAllaahu ‘anhum that the Umar Ibn Khattab is the khalifah.
And that he is the most deserving of that position. So who can there after that to doubt
in the validity of the Khilafah of Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu? Among the
generations where there are evil and bida’a [/ ]. If the greatest generation the purest
generation of the Sahaaba radhiAllahu ‘anhum agreed that Umar Ibn Khattab is the
Khalifah who can there say after that no it should have been somebody else? When
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu became khalifah there are few different speeches
that were attributed to him and one of them was, he says,””

س‬7‫
ا‬9!‫ اآ ا‬D‫ = ا‬6‫ ا‬H
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“O people! Know that I have been appointed to govern your affairs“
DE(C = ‫ ة‬Q‫ ا‬b, ‫( ا ان‬:
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“So realize now that my roughness is now weaker” that roughness has been weakend.
‫( ى‬, ‫ و‬W‫ ا‬N‫ن  اه‬1,
ّ6‫
ا‬97‫ آ‬#‫و‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“But I will still be rough and harsh on the people of oppression and transgression”
"#‫رض وادا =   "] ا‬#‫  ا‬LC" F  5  ‫( ا‬5 ‫ او‬9 W! ‫ ًا‬9 ‫ ادا‬D ‫و‬
Z‫( ا‬W! 5
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“And I am not going to see anybody who oppresses others but I am going to have them
put one of their cheeks in the dirt and I will step over their other cheek until they give
the people what is due to them.” And then he said,””

ب‬51‫
ف وا‬3(‫ ا‬N‫رض ~ه‬#‫  ا‬BC" ‫(ا‬M‫ ا‬b, ‫ ت‬Q ( 6‫وا‬
“But I will put my cheek on the floor to the people of piety and righteouness ” I will be
so humble towards these people as if I am placing my cheek on the earth for them.

9 6‫و‬8R: 1

س "'
ل اذآوه‬7‫
ا‬9!‫  ا‬1‫و‬
“And I will promise you a few things which you can hold me accountable to”
9‫  و‬#‫ ا‬1 ‫
ء ا‬E
 #‫ و‬1‫…
ء  "ا‬Q B5‫ ا‬#ّ ‫ ا‬B 1
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“I promise you that I will take nothing of your Khiraj [khiraj is what your land
produces] 1 ‫
ء ا‬E
 #‫ و‬and I will take nothing from the spoils of war that you get
except that which is rightfully taken.” Which I am allowed to take according to the
Book of Allaah.
‫ ان اذ! ة‬B 1‫و‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Then he also said,“and that money I will only spend it in accordance to law of Allaah
Azza wajal ” so I am not going to take anything except the Book of Allaah allows it
and I will only spend it in the way pleases Allaah Azza wajal.
‫(
 وا ا  ورآ‬, ‫_ء ا‬6‫ ا‬1=‫ ان اذ! ا 
!
آ وارزا‬B 1‫و‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“And I promise you that I will increase your salaries and your provisions and I promise
you that I will protect your borders.”

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

b
 ‫ ا‬: 1,‫ او‬#‫ ان ا‬B 1‫و‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“And I promise you not to throw you in destruction”
‫ ا آ‬#‫و‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“And I will not keep the soldiers away from their families for extended periods of time.”
9‫(ا ا‬, 5 ‫
اا ا(
ل‬6p: BH( 5d ‫وإذا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“and when I send you out in Jihad I will be the father of your children untill you come
back, So have Taqwa O servants of Allaah!”

A few points regarding this speech:


1. First of all Umar Ibn Khattab is changing his personality. Umar Ibn Khattab is
saying that roughness is now turning into softness. Abu Bakr Siddique
radhiAllahu ‘anhu said when some of the Sahaaba radhiAllahu ‘anhum how will
you appoint a man who is tough? Abu Bakr said, “Umar Ibn Khattab was tough
because he saw that I was weak but when I pass away he will leave behind much
of that behavior.” And Umar Ibn Khattab said about himself,”Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam had a very great heart that was open for everyone
so I had to be a sword in his presence and Abu Bakr Siddique was very soft
man so I had to be tough in his presence but now since I have assume
responsibility of you that harshness will be turnd into softness.”Shows you
something about Umar Ibn Khattab that he had a control over himself to the
extent that he can change his personality. And he could be the man of the
moment and act according to what those times need. So in the times of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam he was carrying the certain character, in
times of Abu Bakr certain times of character, and in time of his khilfah he
changes his ways that he could modify his personality to be appropriate for
those circumstances. And this is great ability don’t be slave of yourself. You
need to take control of yourself. And you need to tame your Nafs [aE6]
2. Number two: see the importance of financial justice: umar ibn khattab is saying
that i am not going to take your money and i am not going to spend your money
except in the rightful way. A Muslim leader is not a Muslim leader if he is
taking money in an unrightful way and spend it in a wrong way. Part of being a
Ameer for Muslims is that you are accountable financially and you spend the
money and you take it in a way that pleases Allaah Azza wajal so umar ibn
khattab is mentioning this as a points that people are hold accountable.
3. Number three: what an amazing government was that: Umar Ibn Khattab is
paying his citizens salaries and this is not for any work that they are dong. Every
citizen of the Islamic Khilafah would get a salary a payment. These were not
government employees, everyone has a right to the money of the Islamic
Treasury. This is money that belongs to the Muslims so Umar Ibn Khattab was
giving it back to the Muslims. This is not something that he invented this is
something that existed in times of Abu Bakr and in times of Umar Ibn Khattab
and at times of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam Umar Ibn Khattab just
promised to increase it. I am going to increase your payments. So, those were
very blessed times.
4. Number four: in offenssive Jihad the safety of the Muslims is paramount:
Umar Ibn Khattab is saying that I am promising you not to throw you into the
destruction. He would only send out the army if there was sufficient

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

reconnaissance done and if there is not great risk. So there is difference between
Defesive Jihad and an Offsensive Jihad. In Defesive Jihad Muslims takes greater
risk and they sacrifice their life and their wealth and their family. But when we
are talking about Offesive Jihad which is for the sake of Da’wah the risk that
they take is less. And their safety is taken into consideration by the Khulafah [

ء‬E"] that was something that Umar Ibn Khattab instuited and we find Umar Ibn
Abdul Aziz radhiAllahu ‘anhu he would recall the army that were laying sieged
on Qanstantanople [/77 =] because he said that the Muslims are dying.
5. Number five: the role of the leader is to protect the people not to protect
himself. Now the leaders are concerned about their personal safety they don’t
care about the Ummah. Let the Ummah die as long as I am safe I am going to
use the entire army and police force to protect myself. Umar Ibn Khattab was
concerned about the safety of Ummah. So he said, I am not going to throw you
in destruction. I am going to take care of you, I am going to take care of your
families. While Umar Ibn Khattab will go around without any security guards
Umar Ibn Khattab didn’t even have one bodyguard to accompany but he use to
pay a lot of attention to the security of Muslims. Infact in one of his letter he
said,”you donot sent out reconnaissance missions unless they are properly
secured and defended.”
6. Number six: Umar Ibn Khattab is telling his army in your absence I will be the
father to your children and care taker of your wives. Just think about how much
psychological compfort that would give to a soldier when he is fighting. When
he is in the front line he will realize that if something heppens to him my family
would be taken care of. The Khalifah would be their father, he will be there for
them. So this motivates your army, it’s a morale boaster and this is the concernd
the leader should have for his people and that’s why Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam said,””
Kƒ‫ ورا‬#‫ ا‬B6 

[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
That every Prophet has been a shepherd of a sheep. They said what about you
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam? He said, even me. How come Anbiya were
shepherds of sheep? Specifically sheep because a shepherd of sheep is dealing with
a weak animals not camels these are sheep see the camel is arrogant proud animal
but the sheep are weak and they are vulnerable they can be attacked any moment by
a wolf or a wild animal. So the shepherd learns responsibility and is always
guarding his flock. And the shepherd has a lot of mercy towards these weak
animals. So that is the training for the Anbiyaa when they start giving Da’wah to the
people they carry on those characteristics with them. They see themselves as
responsible for the security of their followers. They see themselves as care takers of
their followers. And a shepherd as he is standing as a vantage point the sheep donot
have. The shepherd is the first to see danger appraoch but the sheep does not see
that coming. So the Nabi of Allaah has that ability to see the danger when its on his
way before his followers. So, Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is saying the
anology of me and you is that somebody who is sitting next to the bonfire and all of
these flying insects are jumping into the fire thinking that it’s a light and they don’t
know that it will burn them. And I am pulling you away from fire while youa re
forcing yourselves into it.
‫ ن‬55, 56‫ا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam is saying I want to save you from the fire
and you don’t know that you are aheading towards it. So, Umar Ibn Khattab is
treating the Ummah as if he is the shepherd caring for them.

An Issue relating to Bai’ah:


1. Number one: the bai’ah that was given to the Khulafah was only given by
the people of Madina. It wasn’t given by everybody. It was as long as the
people of Madina gave bai’ah to the Khalifah that was seen as sufficient.
They didn’t get the bai’ah from each and every Muslim living in the
Khilafah because it is impossible to do that. It would take months and
months they are going to solicit bai’ah from each and every individual living
in Islamic Khilafah. So, as long as the people of Madina gave bai’ah that
was seen as sufficient and after that all of the people follow. So, al-Madina
had [ N3(‫ \ ا‬1‫ و ا‬B‫ ا‬N‫ ]اه‬the people who make the decisions.
2. Number two: we don’t find it anywhere in our old references that they took
bai’ah from woman. It was only the men who were giving the bai’ah
women never gave bai’ah to Abu Bakr or Umar Ibn Khattab or Uthman or
Ali or any of the Khulfah after that. And that was seen as a natural thing to
the extent that non of our classical scholars ever talked about that issue in
their books of Fiqh it was seen as natural or normal for the men to give the
bai’ah and woman not to give the bai’ah. But on the other hand there is
nothing in Qur’an or Sunnah that says that the women are not allowed to
give bai’ah. So the issue was left open women never gave bai’ah before
however, there is nothing in Qur’an or Sunnah that prohibits them from
giving bai’ah and this is like many of the other issues that relate to the
politics. The general guide lines were given in Qur’an and Sunnah but the
details were left open for the people to formulate according to the need of
their times. Even though when it came to the appointment of khalifah we
find that it happened in different ways. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam did not appoint anyone even though he gave many implicit indications
that Abu Bakr should be the khalifah. He was the Imam of Salaah. He was
Ameer on Hajj[ˆ] when women came to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam he said, she asked for something from Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam, Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told her to come later she
said what if I don’t find you? He said go to Abu Bakr. So Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam is telling this woman that you don’t find me next
in line is Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu. While Abu Bakr appointed
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu specifically. Umar Ibn Khattab
appointed council of six to choose. So it was done in different ways. The
general guidelines are al-‘adl [‫ ]ا( ل‬justice, Shoora [‫رى‬Q] consultation,
Bai’ah [L] giving pledge of allegiance but other areas are left open for the
Mujtahideen [! 95T] to decide according to the needs of the time. Now
women were consulted in terms of Shoora, women are consulted its just the
bai’ah that they didn’t give the bai’ah to khulafah. They did however, give
bai’ah to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam which was the Bai’ah Of
Islam.

We will talk about the government of Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu:
1. Number one: Shoora [‫رى‬Q] it was a government of Shoora. Allaah Azza wajal
says,””

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

‫
وره‬Q‫ و‬9EY5‫ وا‬97 k
: b  ‫ا‬CE6 # K3‫ ا‬d
W: D7‫ و آ‬9 D7 ‫  ا‬/ ‫
ر‬:
‫آ‬5 ‫ ا‬K! ‫  ا ان ا‬N‫آ‬5: Dg #‫ ا‬:
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“Its is part of mercy of Allaah that you do deal gently with them where if you were
severe or harsh hearted they would have broken away from about you. So pass over
their faults and ask for Allaah’s forgiveness for them and consult them in their
affairs. Then when you have taken a decision put your trust in Allaah for Allaah
love those who put their trust in Him.”[3:159]
Umar Ibn Khattab said
”‫رى‬Q Y
 ‫ اًا ا‬: ‫ "ا‬#,”
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
there is no good in an affair that was decided without consultation. There is no
Barakah in it. So if you want to have barakah in your affairs make Shoora. He also
says,
”
(, ‫
ف ا‬R!  ‫ اك‬: ‫
ور‬Q”
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“Consult in your affairs the ones who fear Allaah.” And this is an imporatnt
teaching you need to consult the people of Taqwa the people of righteousness. If
you consult a Shaytan you will not do any good. It doesn’t say that you go and make
a Shoora with everyone including Ibless asking for his opinion. And it also means
that you don’t go and ask the opinion of his followers. So you don’t go around
asking for advice from the people who donot have the concern for the religion of
Allaah Azza wajal. you need to seek the Shoora from the people who have Taqwa
of Allaah Azza wajal and they also need to be experts in that particular area that you
are asking them. Not everybody who has Taqwa of Allaah Azza wajal knows about
every thing. So, when you seek Shoora [consultation] you look for Taqwa and you
look for competence in that particular area. They have to know what they are talking
about? So, these two qualities are the two elements that are needed when you are
looking for advice.
There are many people who have understanding but they don’t have Taqwa and
there are many people of Taqwa but they don’t have the understanding. So you have
to go to the right people and ask them for Shoora. Umar Ibn Khattab not only he
would make Shoora but he would make sure that his governors and generals will
make Shoora. For example, when he appointed Abi Obaid Thaqafi [BE3H  B‫ ]ا‬to
lead an army he said,
‫  ر‬N‫  اه‬97 ‫  آ
ن‬/
" #‫ ا‬: ‫آ‬Q‫  ا  و وا‬B6 ‫ ان‬B
‫  ا‬L\‫ وا‬L ‫ا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“He told him, listen and obey to the Campanions of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam [because he wasn’t Campanion he was a Tabi’ee] specially those who have
attended the Badr.” And he told Utbah ibn Ghazwan [‫وان‬gd ‫ ا‬5] who he also
appointed as an army general, he told him, I have written a letter to Abi al-‘Ala
Hadrami [C #‫ ]ا ا‬to send with you ‘rfajah Ibn Harshama [ Q‫ ا ه‬T:]
‫ وا=ب‬F5
: b
 = ‫
ذا‬: ‫
! ة‬3‫
ه ( وى و‬T‫وه  وا و‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“I told Abu ‘Ala Hadrami to send with you this man ‘rfajah and Umar Ibn Khattab told
him this man is good in his fighting the enemy and their plans ” he knows how to fight
the enemy and to fight the plans of the enemy. So he needs to be with you and he said,
“”
F5‫ا‬
“Seek his advice and make him clos to you ‫و=ب‬

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Umar Ibn Khattab for example, he place a travel bag on the senior Sahaaba he told him
you are not allowed to leave the Madina. You know Umar Ibn Khattab have some strict
rules. Told all of these senior Sahaabas you are not allowed to leave Madina you have
to stick to me here. One reason was he wanted them to be his Shoora Council another
reason was Umar Ibn Khattab was afraid that if these senior men spread around that
could be a reason for contention and division among the Muslims. Because all of these
men are strong leaders so people would start coming around it and then you will have
various points of influence among the Ummah. And he was afraid that everyone of
these men would lead the people in different direction so he wanted to make sure that
they are under his watchful eye. So, he told them that you have to stick with me here in
Madina.

Some of his close advisors are :


• al-‘Abbas ibn Muttalib K ‫ ا(
س ا  ا‬the uncle of Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam
• and his son Abdullah ‫  ا‬Abdullah was young very young. Abdullah ibn
‘Abbas was thirteen years old when Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was
passed away. So here we are talking about someone who was in his early
twenties. And he was, you will always find him next to Umar Ibn Khattab. He
would accompany him where ever Umar Ibn Khattab would go. Some of the
other Sahaaba were wondering how come? This young man was sitting on this
Shoora body Umar Ibn Khattab wanted them to know the reason. So he asked
him, he said “tell me whats the meaning of”

‫ آ
ن‬6‫ ا‬FEY5‫ وا‬b‫ `  ر‬:
‫ا‬:‫ د! ا ا‬: ‫
س ! "ن‬7‫ ا‬D!‫` ورا‬5E‫'ا وا‬6 ‫إذا _ء‬

‫ا‬,
“When the victory of Allaah approaches people enter into Islam in multitudes then ask
Allaah for forgiveness because Allaah is Forgiving and Merciful”
what does this Surah mean? So the Sahaaba mentioned some different views and then
he asked Ibn ‘Abbas what does it mean? He said,”This Surah is the obituary of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. it was telling him that your death is near.
Because when you finish a deed Allaah tells you to ask for forgiveness. So since Allaah
Azza wajal is telling Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa salam to ask Allaah for
forgiveness it means that he has completed his mission. ” Umar Ibn Khattab said, that’s
why Ibn ‘Abbas is here with me. He was the only one who knew the answer. Some of
his advisors are
• Uthman Ibn ‘Affan 7 ‫ ا‬BM‫
ن ر‬E ‫*
ن ا‬
• Abdur Rahman Ibn ‘Awf 7 ‫ ا‬BM‫ ا
ن ا ف ر‬
• And Ali Ibn Taalib radhiAllahu ‘anhu 7 ‫ ا‬BM‫ ر‬K
\ ‫ ا ا‬
• And Ubae Ibn Qa’ab [Scholar of Qur’an] 7 ‫ ا‬BM‫ ر‬K(‫  آ‬V‫أ‬
• Zayd Ibn Thabit [who compiled the Mushaf \ Qur’an]. 7 ‫ ا‬BM‫ ر‬D
H ‫ز! ا‬

These were the close advisor of Umar Ibn Khattab. His government was a government
of justice and equality. Imam Malik says that, a Jew and a Muslim came to Umar Ibn
Khattab to solve a dispute that happened between them. So Umar Ibn Khattab his
Judgment was for the Jew against the Muslim. When the Jew walked out he said,”in the
name of Allaah you are rulling with Justice.” [Z
 DC=] this is al-Haq so he judged
for a Jew over a Muslim. And he was very strict when it comes to his governors. He
wanted to make sure that they would apply ‘Adl. Every year he would meet with the

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

subjects in Hajj. And he would ask them about their governors. So he gave a Khutba [
/"] once he said,””
N(:  : 1…: K 1‫ و‬17 gT9 95*(
6‫ وا‬1‫  اا‬#‫ !'ا  ا
رآ و‬1 ‫  ا( 
ل‬B6‫إ‬
1: b‫ ذا‬d  N(:
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
He said,”I did not send my governors to flog you and to take away your wealth but I
sent them to distribute your wealth between you fairly and to solve your disputes” so
the governors are there to serve you. And if anything other than that happens to you let
me know. So one man stood up and said,”your governor whipped me a hundred lashes”
Umar Ibn Khattab asked the governor why did he do it? He didn’t get the satisfactory
answer he told this subject to go and lash the governor. ‘Amr bin ‘Aas stood up and said
O Ameerul Mo’mineen what you are doing is dangerous, if you start this the news of
this will spread and it would be a fequent occurance of people complaining against their
governors and it would become a Sunnah after you. Umar Ibn Khattab said,”Retribution
must be paid to this man” and this was something that Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam used to do you ask me to change the Sunnah of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam? ‘Amr bin ‘Aas said, O Ameerul Mo’mineen let us settle the affair with the man.
he goes to the man negotiates with the man settlement he agrees that he will be paid two
dinars for every one whipping. We are talking about two hundred Dinaars. Which is
large amount of money. ‘Amr bin ‘Aas wanted to settle peacefully because he didn’t
want all of the governors to be lashed after that. Because he was one of the governors.
Infact one incidence that happened with ‘Amr bin ‘Aas [‫ ]=و ( ا* ص‬when he was the
governor in Egypt. His son got involved in a racing competition with Egyptian. So the
Egyptian won. The son of ‘Amr bin ‘Aas was upset [angry] so he start beating up this
man. why did you win? This man, he went all the way to Madina to complain about son
of ‘Amr bin ‘Aas because he knows that there is a just man in the Madina. So he goes to
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu and he complains about what happened to him.
Umar Ibn Khattab calls the son of ‘Amr bin ‘Aas and his father to come all the way
from Egypt to the Madina. So, they come and they are presented to Umar Ibn Khattab
in his court. And when evidance was established what this man is saying is true Umar
Ibn Khattab hands him over the stick and tells him to avenge for what happened to him.
So he starts beating up son of ‘Amr bin ‘Aas and one of the companians was present he
said, before he started beating him we wanted him to do that to get even but he was
beating him so much we were praying for him to stop and when he finished Umar Ibn
Khattab was quiet he wanted that man to feel satisfied, that he got even. When he
finished Umar Ibn Khattab told him now I want you to hit his father on his head [‘Amr
bin ‘Aas ‫ =و ( ا* ص‬was baldheaded]. He said, I want you to hit his father on his
head. The man said, I am satisfied with what I have done and my problem was with his
son not with the father. Umar Ibn Khattab said, but if it wasn’t for the position of his
father he wouldn’t have done that. He is taking an advantage of his father’s position in
the government. But the Egyptian man said, I don’t want! I have nothing between me
and ‘Amr bin ‘Aas and I am not going to hit him. And it was settled with that.

But this shows you Subhan Allaah the extent Umar Ibn Khattab was willing to go in
order to enforce justice. He was the man for the Ummah. He established the pillars of
justice al-‘Adl and then he told, ‘Amr bin ‘Aas ‫=و ( ا* ص‬
‫ اارا؟‬9,
9‫ ا‬9, ‫
س و= و‬7‫( ه ا‬5‫ ا‬5g
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“since when did you take people as slave, When their mother gave birth to them free?”
they are born free since when did you take them as slaves? Umar Ibn Khattab would

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

apply these standards to himself. He made himself equal to the people he equated
himself to his subjects he did not hold himself a special status for example, ’Am
Ramadah [‫ ]
م ا
دة‬year of ashes. Ramadah means ashes. The weather was so hot and
dry that when the wind was blowing as if it was blowing ashes in their faces and it was
a year of famine. Very difficult time a test and trial for the Muslims in time of Umar
Ibn Khattab. So there were some items of food that were going out of shelves in the
market. You cannot find them, for example, meat, butter and milk. Which were stable
food so, the people were eating bread, dry bread and they would dip it in the vinegar or
oil [possibly olive oil] Umar Ibn Khattab said,”I am making oath in the name of Allaah
that I am not going to eat meat, butter or drink milk until it becomes available in the
market and the Muslims can buy it.” He made a promise that he is not going to eat
something that Muslims are unable to buy. And he was upto his words did not have any
of those items until it became available in the market but when it first came to the
market you expect the prices to be high right? It just arrived in the market so it’s a new
item. So, his servant went and bought him some butter and milk and he paid forty dinar
to buy, which was a lot of money. And he told Ameerul Mo’mineen
(‫ 
ر‬L
95(:    ‫  واآ‬K\‫ اك = م ق و‬W‫ وا‬b7 ! ‫= اا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
“He said, Allaah Azza wajal has fulfilled your oath and Allaah will reward you greatly
for what you have done now there is milk and butter in the markets so I bought you
some and it cost me forty dinars” Umar Ibn Khattab said, that is too expenssive and I
view that as israaf [‫ ]ااف‬excess and I am not going to have it. And then he said,
9 !
 B7 !  ‫ راƒ اذا‬b7ƒ
Q 7(! k‫آ‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
How can I be concernd about my subjects if I am not going through what they are going
through? How can I feel for them? If I am not going through the same hunger and thirst
that they feel. He said, as a leader I will not be just and fair with my subjects if I don’t
put myself in their shoes. So Umar Ibn Khattab refused to have until the prices went
down.

Now I have to make a comment here:

I have heard this more than once from the brothers that they donnot want to eat meat
because Umar Ibn Khattab here is saying that I am not going to eat meat. Umar Ibn
Khattab is saying that I don’t want to eat meat. So these brothers become vegetarians
and they eat so much vegetables that they turns into bunnys and they turn into couch
potatoes and they think its healthy not to eat meat. Just need to eat carrots and lattice
and broccali, coliflower, tomatoes and stay away from meat its not good for you.
Brothers and sisters Umar Ibn Khattab didn’t refrain from meat beause of [Whaco]
nutritionist told him to do so. Umar Ibn Khattab stayed away from the meat because he
loves meat and because it was expenssive and the people are unable to eat it. He did not
stay away from it because of health reasons. If Allaah has made it Halaal then it’s a
good for you. So all of these false that the nutritionists come up with, if it doesn’t
confirms with Islamic Medicine throw it out of window. No where in Islam does it says
that Lattice is the healthiest thing in the world. Nor does it says that meat is not healthy
for you. These items are Halaal and as long as you are not eating them in excess then
you should be fine. Even if you eat a lot of vegetables its not good for you. Anything
that you have more than what you should have is unhealthy. If I want to eat this
coliflower and you haven’t ate too much of it. Its not good for you, just like you ate a
lot of meat. So the point if you are living a very stationery life style, house work and
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

eating all of these high calory food obviously it will be unhealthy. But when Sahaaba
radhiAllahu ‘anhum use to eat meat not only meat but they would eat fat. The Sahaab
would not throw out any thing from that sheep. They would eat up all of the fat in it but
because they had a very active life style they didn’t have a problem. They would eat
butter they would dip their bread in the oil [olive oil or whatever types of other oils that
were available in those days] and they were very healthy. So what I am trying to say
don’t follow these new face that come up money making schemes they just want to sell
their books of healthy eating and healthy food and how much dozes of vegetables you
should have per day and how much water you should drink and stay away from meat
and stay away from …. Go with the Islamic medicine have things in moderation
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says,””
[49:30] 6   7‫ء ا ادم و‬%

[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
There is no container that son of Adam can fill at worse than his stomach. If you are
having a lot of food its not good for you. That’s the islamic medicine. And if you are
yelling then have a lot of honey black seed and olive oil. That’s healthy food. Allaah
shifa except two things. There are ]‫_ء‬EQAzza wajal have not called anything in Qur’an [
only two things in Qur’an who were given the name Shifa [cure] i.e Qur’an & Honey.
Qur’an is cure for the heart and honey is the cure for the body. That’s the Islamic
medicine Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says about the black seeds,
/e‫ د‬N‫_ء  آ‬EQ
Its healing for every disease and Allaah Azza wajal says about the olive oil and the
olive tree
‫ن‬5!‫ ز‬/‫ة 
رآ‬TQ
it’s a blessed tree and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says,
 ‫ا‬7M‫ و‬B5!g ‫ ا‬,‫ا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Dip your bread on olive oil and also apply to your skin. There was another year called
‘Amul Ghala [‫ء‬%Y‫ ]
م ا‬al-Ghala means expensive prices, so there was a year where the
prices were sky rocketing very expensive. So Umar Ibn Khattab stoped buying butter
and he would only have bread with oil. So his stomach was complaining it was making
a rumbling noise. It was saying O Umar Ibn Khattab I am not happy with this food that
you are giving me. Umar Ibn Khattab said,

س‬7‫ !
آ ا‬D ‫ ا‬N‫آ‬p, # ‫ا‬: =3, ‫== او‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Rumble or either you don’t rumble wallaahe [ ‫ ]وا‬you are not going to have anything
else until the people have it. He is telling his stomach to behave itself. He had such a
control over himself and discipline. He would not follow his whims and desires.
He went to Mecca and he was invited to have a meal with Safwaan [/‫ان ا ا‬E] so
they brought this huge plate that was carried by four servants. [Huge plate] and placed it
and the servants left. Umar Ibn Khattab said, your servants don’t eat with you? They
said, no we don’t give them this food. Umar Ibn Khattab said, you eat food different
then that which you serve your servants and he started talking against them and then he
called his servants and you sit down and eat and he refused to eat. And imagine that you
do this in an invitation, that takes alot of strong personality to do that. But umar ibn
khattab al-haq is haq truth is truth.
Utbah bin Furqad [ =:  5] was in Azerbaijan [‫
ن‬T…‫ذر‬e] they were conquering
Azerbaijan another Sahaaba was exposed to new types of food different dishes. You
know the food of Sahaaba was very simple. They didn’t have any spices all of what
they had salt, they would eat bread, meat cooked in a soup, and they would mix the
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

bread in that soup or they would have bread with oil. And they would have in terms of
fruits would be dates or raisin that would come from at-Taaif [kƒ
‫ ]ا‬and sometimes
they may get dry fruit coming from ash-Sham [‫ ]اّ
م‬so that was it. Very very simple
and now they are being exposed to these different sophisticated styles of cooking. So
Utbah saw in Azerbaijan a dessert called Khabees [a"] it was a sweet dish. He liked
it, and they loved the Khalifah so he said, I must send this to Khalifah to taste it. Its
very good and we want him to have som, so he prepared lot of it and he send it on a
camel and they took it to umar ibn khattab in Madina so he tasted it and very sweat
umar ibn khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu said, to all of the muslims in azerbaijan have this?
Said, “no” umar ibn khattab said, take it back. Then he said, a letter to Utbah, he told
him,”its is not the money of your father or the money of your mother that you spended,
do not eat anything unless Muslims are eating the same thing”. Why are you having
this special prvillage? Its non of your parents money. I have appointed you over there
and umar Ibn Khattab would refuse to have anyone give themself preference over
somebody else. It was unacceptable to him. One of the kings of Ghassan [‫
ن‬d].
Ghassan were Arabs who lived in ash-Sham they were living under Romen Rule but
now Islam was spreading and the Arab tribes were embracing it so Jabillah ibn Aeyhum
[!‫ ] ا ا‬embraced Islam and he sent a letter to umar ibn khattab telling him that I
have embraced Islam me and my family. So we want to visit you in Madina [he is a
king]. Umar Ibn Khattab welcomed him in Madina and he was very happy and he
stayed in Madina for some time. He honored him respected him and welcomed him and
then Jabillah wanted to make a Hajj so he went to Mecca to make Hajj and while he
was in Tawaaf [‫ ]\اف‬a bedoin a layman from Banu Fazara bedoins in desert it could
be abit crude in their manners, he steped over the Izar [‫ ]ازار‬of Jabilah so it ws untied.
Jabilah was very upset how could this bedoin do this to me? He is rude hase no manners
he punched him in his face and broke his nose. So the Fazariman went to umar ibn
khattab. Umar Ibn Khattab calls Jabilah, Jabilah is a new Muslim, Jabilah comes in
Umar tells him why did you do this to him? Jabilah said,’O Ameerul Mo’mineen! I was
very gentle with him, if it wasn’t for the fact that this is the house of Allaah i would have
plucked out his eyes.’ He is a king and this lowly man does that to him. I actually did
him a favor i was gentle with him all i did was just to break his nose. Umar ibn khattab
said, so you admit your guilt? You either settle the account with him or he will have to
retaliate. Jabilah said, Ameerul Mo’mineen i am a king and he is a layman. He is trying
to remind umar, umar may forgot to whom he is talking to, I am a king! And he is a
layman. You know, because these are new things to him, these are new concepts you
didn’t comprehend it I am a king and he is a layman. What you mean he retaliates
against me? Umar Ibn Khattab said, he will retaliate against you because Islam made
you equal. Jabilah said, Ya Ameerul Mo’mineen [7A ‫ ]!
اا‬I thought that by
becoming Muslim, Islam will only increase my honor [by becoming Muslim I will
become even more honorable] umar ibn khttab said,””
‫ا‬8‫ ه‬b6‫د
ء‬
Keep this stuff away from me. You either settle him this with him peacefully or he
retaliates against you. Jabilah said,
'7,‫اذا ا‬
Jabilah said, then I will become a Christian. Umar Ibn Khattab said, then I will behead
you. You became Muslim you cannot leave Islam. Jabilah came to realize that he
cannot talk umar out of it. So he said, give me some time to think over it. Umar ibn
khattab agreed. Jabilah under the cover of darkness with drew out of Mecca and ran
away. And he went to Canstantanople and settled there and later on he would regret his
decision and he would write down line of poetry expressing his regret for what he has
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

done. He has lost Islam [given up Islam] because of personal pride. Umar ibn khattab
just not accomodate him because he is king or he is a new Muslim “Rules are rules and
we have to abide by them we are equal” i am the khalifah and i am not given my self
any preferable status who are you? Giving special status for your self.

The freedoms that were to granted in the government of umar:


He granted the religous freedom to the people of the Book. There were some
restrictions that were placed for example, regarding the Hadith of rasoolullah sallalahu
‘alaihe wasallam “no two religions should exist in the Arabian peninsula
‫(
م‬6#‫ا ا‬8‫ ه‬: L 5T!#
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Because of the Arabian peninsula being the starting point of Islam and the homeland of
Islam being Mecca and Madina are. There is an excption to Arabia that no non Muslims
are allowed to live there. And Arabia is Arabian peninsula which encompasses present
day Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and Oman and the Gulf States. This rule does not apply to
the rest of the Muslim world. Christians and Jews can live else where but the Arabian
Peninsula is only for Muslims. So Umar Ibn Khattab forced the Jews of Khayber ["]
and Christians of Najran [‫ان‬T6] to leave arabia. With the Jews of Khayber that had an
agreement between them and reasoolullah sallalahu ‘alaihe wassallam. Abdullah ibn
Umar Ibn Khattab had some business over there had some farm lands so he went there
and at night he was attacked and his bones were crushed. They crushed the bones of his
arms and feet. Umar Ibn Khattab gave a khuttba and he said, I suspect nobody did this
to my son but the jews, they are the only people who would do that in khayber.
Therefore, I am announcing that we will force them out of Khayber. One of there
leaders came to Umar Ibn Khattab and said, ‘O Umar Ibn Khattab did you forget?
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was the one who allowed us and made an
agreement with us. Umar Ibn Khattab said, did you forget that Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam told you that one day your camel will take you out day and night? ’
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam prophesized that this man will lead but Umar
Ibn Khattab compensated them with all of their belongings in the Khayber he paid them
for their lands and trees and they resettled in ar-Riha in Philistine [ :] with the
Christians of Najran Umar Ibn Khattab was becoming concerned that its becoming a
plotting place against Muslims. So the safety of Muslims comes first then therefore, he
asked them to leave the land [even though he asekd them to leave] he told his governors
in Iraq to allow them to settle in unsettle land and to take claim of that land to become
there property. So they settle in an area outside Kofah [/:‫ ]آ‬and they claimed that land
as there land. So they were compensated and given property in a replacement for the
property that was taken from them in Najran.
Other than that Umar Ibn Khattab upheld the rulings regarding the [/8‫ ا‬N‫ ]اه‬ahl
dhimmah [Christians and Jews who are paying Jizia] for example to show you his
treatment with them, as an example [by the way as an individual Jews and Christians
did lived in Madina and other places of Arabian peninsula but not as a significant
presence].
Umar Ibn Khattab for example, he had a servant who was Christian and his name was
Asheq [ZQ‫]ا‬. He told his servant I want you to become a Muslim because I want to
appoint you on some of our affairs and I am not going to appoint but a Muslim. Asheq
said, I am not going to leave my religion Umar Ibn Khattab said,
! ‫ ا‬: F‫ اآا‬#

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

There is no compulsion in religion, Asheq said, when Umar Ibn Khattab was passing
away he told me you are free go where ever you want [he freed him]. He can go where
ever he want.

Umar Ibn Khattab signed agreements with Christians of the Holy Land Jerusalem,
Eliyah, and he also signed agreements with the Christians of Egypt. For example, he
promised to protect their chruches, their properties, Umar Ibn Khattab said,””
H‫ ا‬b7 97 BR6 ‫  ان‬9#‫
ه ا‬7‫
ا‬6‫وا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
We have given them a covenant that we would leave them to worship freely in their
churches
9 

9: ‫ن‬3!
And to say whatever they want even though they are saying Kufr. Umar Ibn Khattab
said, it’s a covenant between us and them to say within their churches whatever they
want.
‫ن‬3! #
 9 6 #‫وا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
And we will not over burden them [meaning we will not have them pay more than what
they are able to pay.]
96‫
دو‬7,
= ‫وان اراده  واه   ٍء‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
And if an enemy wants to harm them we would fight on their behalf to defend them.
9
1‫ و ا‬97
R6 ‫و ان‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
And we would allow them to appoint judges among themselves and to have their own
speparate legal system.
97 17:
7
1

7!‫اد‬,
!‫ ا‬#ّ ‫ا‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
Except if they choose voluntarily to come to our courts.
#‫(ز‬,  ‫ ان‬Kّd ‫وان‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
And if they stay away from us we will not harm them.

Brothers and sisters!


These legal accomodations that were given to non Muslims under the Khilafah not even
given to us today in 21st century. In the western democracies today minorities are forced
to accept the rules of the majority that’s democracy. Majority rules! However, in the
Islamic khilafah the religious minorities have the right to have a separate legal system,
they are free to choose which courts they want to go whether it’s the Muslim or their
own court system and the rules of the majority do not apply to them.
When we are told that we have religious freedom, what religious freedom do we have?
When we are forced to accept the legal system that is not Islamic. Its an issue of the
numbers in the west. While in the Muslim world the Christians were majority or
minority in a community they had their rights protected even if its one percent [1%]. So
when we talk about Muslims having rights in the west today I say that’s a broken
records play anymore. Now Muslims are going to come and realize when they start
hitting the hard walls now when our community have, because in the old days, you
know it was small families that came from back home, and whenever there was a
dispute or an issue they would solve it within the family. Now we have group to
become large community now we are having problems. And without having a proper
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Islamic legal system, we are living in a state of religious and social anarchy. There are
tremendous family problems that are going around among the Muslims and we have no
solution for that. For example, a wife is suffering because of an abusive husband, and
this wife is a righteous good sister she is stuck between rock and hard ways she eithre
goes to the Kufaars legal system and she feels that she is doing something wrong or she
just sits idly and accepts what happens because there is no Islamic accomodation for her
because we cannot have our laws [family laws] implemented among ourselves.
So, when we say that our rights and our freedom what rights to we have? You are
talking about you have righ to pray, they had that in Mecca, in the early days of Da’wa
they were able to pray in Mecca but that’s not Islam. That’s not what Islam is all about.
Islam is about the way of life. When a wife runs away with the kids what does the
husband do? Sometimes it just happens that the wife runs away with the kids you will
go and datea Kafir and the kids upbringing as non Muslims what can the father do? As
parents you want to discipline your children and bring them up to grow up as being
good Muslims. They threaten to call police on you and you can’t do anything. In the
western democracies state have more authority over your direct family, over your
children then yourself. In Islam the family is protected. No one has an access to your
children, you have the upper hand in the family its not the judge or the khalifah.
So, as Muslims now we have started to suffer because we don’t have that accomodation
and unless western governments give the Muslims that accomodation the Muslims will
whither away and die because our survival depends upon our moral fabric depends on
our moral background. And our morals going to go away and dissolve if we don’t have
any legal system to protect them. Islam was very accomodating to the religious
minorities not only did they exist [not only that they survived] but they flourished.
Christian Arabs flourished in Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Philistine, Iraq and that’s why they
still exist today. If the Khulafah wanted to wipe them out they could have done so
easily. Easily the Christians and the Jews had no power what so ever to resist the will of
the Khulafah but they flourished. They flourished in Spain they flourished….. and
Yahood [‫د‬9!] infact would runs away from the Christian lands go and seek refuge with
the Muslims. They ran away from the oppressive Europe. From the oppression of the
Romans and they sought refuge in Spain. And once Spain fell in the Catholic hands
they left Spain and went to istanbul [‫ل‬7‫ ]ا‬to be under the watchful eye of the
Khulafah of Banu Uthman. They choose to be right next to the Khalifah. Al-Ghazali
says,
!‫اد د‬: ‫ و ! ث ان‬a R‫ ا‬D‫اه‬1‫ ا‬: ‫!ا‬86
9 ‫رض  !(ف‬#‫ ا‬N‫ه‬# ‫م‬%#‫` ا‬: B5‫ ا‬B7!‫ د‬D!‫ان ا‬
‫م‬%#‫ ا‬L  B: ‫
ر‬M‫ز‬#‫
ء وا‬3‫ ا
ب ا‬N‫
د آ‬35(‫ ا‬B: k
" ‫ 
ن و ه‬
[Please rectify Arabic Script errors if any, Jazakallahu khairun]
He said the relgious freedom that was granted by Islam has never seen any similar
situation to it on any of the five continents and then he says and this an imporatnt point
a religion never had a monopoly over power and gave other religion the freedom to
exist except Islam.
If we want to say that the west today is granting religious minority freedom that’s
because it’s a secular system its not a relgious system. However, they has never been in
the history of man a religion that assume political authority and gave religious freedoms
to others but Islam. When they Christians were empowered they did not give others
rights. When Jews are in power they did not give others rights. However, when
Muslims were in power in terms of a religion only Islam gave religious minority the
right to exist. I hope you see the difference? Because we talking about a religion that is
ruling. Now the west is warning against Theocracy and they have the right to be
worried because they experienced it. When the west was living under Theocracy you

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

have the religious wars you had the inquisition you had the burning at the stake but they
are making a mistake when they are assuming that Islam is the same. Because Islam is
an exception.
Subhan Allaah Umar Ibn Khattab one day, he sees an old man begging. So he goes to
that old man and grabs him by the arms and he says,””
‫؟‬D6‫
ب ا‬51‫ ا‬N‫ اي اه‬
From which people of the book are you? He said, ’I am a Jew’ Umar Ibn Khattab told
him
‫  
ارى؟‬b 
:
How come you are begging? He said,
 ‫ وا‬/
‫ وا‬/!gT‫ا‬
Because I have to pay Jiziah and I am in need and I am old.
Umar Ibn Khattab held him by the hand and he took him to his house, and he gave him
money and then he walked with him to the Treasurer and he told him,”it is unfair for us
to have Jiziah when they are young and then we forsake them when they become old I
want you to stop the Jiziah on everyone in situation similar to him” anyone who is in
need like this old man I want you to stop asking them for Jiziah you drop the Jiziah on
them and I want you to give them a pension from Baitul Maal [‫ ا
ل‬D] he said, its
unfair to we have pay Jiziah when he is young and now that he is old he goes around
begging to pay the Jiziah. No, now we should pay him money.
Brothers and sisters! Umar Ibn Khattab didn’t treat this man well because there was
strong Jewish lobby in Madina, he didn’t treat him well because he wants the Jews of
his constituency to vote for him, he wasn’t doing it because of the political agenda.
Umar Ibn Khattab was doing it out of his sense of responsibilty, out of sense of justice.
This is how we should treat our subjects regardless of what there religion is. So you
cannot look at it and interpret it and find some hidden agenda behind it or hidden
motive. This was done sincerely.

Unlike, in democracies usuallay everything is done for a political reason. Suban Allaah
Ya’ni Yahood [‫د‬9! B7(!] found refuge in Muslim land. And now we see what is
happening in Philistine , how the Muslims are treated. The dog biting the hand that is
feeding it. Muslims are being oppressed now and by the way the resason of why the
state of this Israel was established by the Jews is because of the Holocaust. So the
Muslims pay for European sin. It was because of the holocaust Jews said, that we are
not going to allow to happen this, we are not going to live under anybody else. We are
going to have our own homeland and who pay the price? The Muslims. And who gives
them the Islamic land? It is the west. The West makes the problem, causes the problem
and then solves it by another problem and that’s the Ya’ni weird justice. Just like you
find we are sinful because our father Adam is sinful and then Jesus will come and pay
the price for it. So we are held accountable for something we didn’t do, and then
somebody else takes care of it and the innocent ‘'Isa have to suffer on the cross for my
sins and my sins are not really my sins but the sins of my father SO IT IS UPSIDE
DOWN JUSTICE.

Insha Allaah we will carry on:


 و ا و‬6   ‫
ر و ا‬7‫اب ا‬8
7=‫ و‬/7  ‫"ة‬#‫ ا‬: ‫ و‬/7 
6 ‫ ا‬:
7,‫
ا‬7‫ر‬
‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫ و‬
27 ‫ول‬:‫ دي ا‬21430
May 21, 2009
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

6PART

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

‫اذ 
 ا
ن ا   ا ا
ن ا‬
‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و  و‬6   ‫م‬% ‫ة وا‬%'‫ا رب ا(
  وا‬
‫ ا‬/ ‫ ور‬1 ‫م و‬% ‫ا‬
This is beginning of our second week insha Allaah ta’ala in the series of Umar Ibn
Khattab radhiAllaahu ‘anhu. On Friday we were talking about some of the freedoms
that were granted by the Khalifah, we move on to:

The freedom of property or [b , D!] in English we will call it Property Rights. Its
more of right then freedom rights.

The khalifah granted the Muslims property rights, and not only that but sometimes it
would give out [hand out] to the citizens property. Such was the case with Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam who gave Bilal ibn Rabah [7 ‫ ا‬BM‫ل ا ر
ح ر‬%] a large
piece of land. Now since the population was expanding. The size of the khalifah was
expanding and number of Muslims were going up, Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllaahu
‘anhu went to Bilal ibn Rabah. He told him, Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
given you a large piece of land and you are unable to cultivate it all.[this was either
pasture land or it was agricultural land] and Bilal was unable to invest all that of land so
part of the land was still wasted, so Bilal ibn Rabah said, yes. Umar Ibn Khattab said,
then I want you to hand me over the land which you are not cultivating. Bilal responded
and said, I am not going to give you something that was given to me by Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam, no way I am going to give you this land back. Umar Ibn
Khattab said, yes you will. And he took away the part that was not cultivated and he
distributed it among the Muslims.

So, Umar Ibn Khattab did not want people to hold up these pieces of land when they
could be given to other Muslims who will cultivate them. So Umar Ibn Khattab wanted
the benefit of the whole. While Bilal ibn Rabah was looking at it this was the piece of
land that was given to me by Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. So anyways, he
took it away distributed it to the Muslims. So the point to learn here is that “property
needed to be invested” to be cultivated and not just left like that and this shows you the
interest that the khilafah had in promoting trade and commerce.

Freedom of expression:

Umar Ibn Khattab is the khalifah and he meets a man who just came out of a court Ali
ibn Abi Taalib use to judge in the time of Umar Ibn Khattab [he was Qadhi] so this man
comes out Umar Ibn Khattab told him what was the ruling of Ali and Zayd? So the man
said, so and so. Umar Ibn Khattab said, if it was me I would have ruled other wise. So
the man said,”what prevents you from doing so if you are the Ameer of the Believers?”
Umar Ibn Khattab said,”if this was an issue that straight goes to the book of Allaah or
the Sunnah of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam I would enforce my rulling but
this is my opinion and my opinion is as good as opinion of Zayd and Ali.” So he went
along with the rulling of Zayd and Ali bin Abi Taalib radhiAllahu ‘anhuma even though
it is contrary to what he thinks. It’s a rulling right rulling that shows you the freedom of
expression that existed in the time of Khalifah that he didn’t enforce his opinion on Ali
ibn Taalib and Zayd radhiAllaahu ‘anhum.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

He was once giving khutba and he told the Muslims, if you see any crookedness in me
then I want you to fix it. [to make it straight] so a man stood up and he said,”if we see
any crookedness in you we will straighten it with our swords” this was the very
outspoken member of the society.Umar Ibn Khattab [recalled his security guards says
this is terrorism against the state and this man must be thrown in jail we need to keep
him away he is harm to society] said,” [ ‫ ]ا‬alhamduillah! That Allaah has
granted me followers that will straighten me up if I go wrong” Umar Ibn Khattab was
happy. Umar Ibn Khattab was happy that this was the state of Ummah at that time.
Umar Ibn Khattab wasn’t looking for submissive followers who will say this is [ ‫و‬
#‫ ]ا‬wali al-Amr just do whatever he want, take away our wealth, lash flog our backs
and we will just say, [
7(\‫
وا‬7( ] sami’na wa ata’na we listen and obey. You could do
right we will follow you do wrong we will follow him, we are just blind followers. No,
Umar Ibn Khattab just wanted to make sure that this was not the condition of the
Ummah. He wanted to make sure that Ummah going to follow him if he is right and
they will stand up and correct him if he is wrong. And he was very happy when he saw
somebody willing to use force to do that. Obviously this is something that Ummah
needs to learn today because the Ummah has become blind followers, submissive and
they have given him to [q] dhulm they have accepted dhulm on themselves and others.
And they have accepted the state of humiliation that the Ummah is going through. The
Ummah needs to stand up and fight for its rights. If you don’t fight for it you not going
to get it.
Amazing condition of the society once he was giving the khutba and he said,
] listen and obey. L\‫ و ا‬L ‫[ ا‬

One man stood and said, we are not going to listen and we are not going to obey. Umar
Ibn Khattab said, why? He said, you have given us each one piece of cloth and I see you
wearing two pieces [this was some pieces of fabric that came into Madina] he gave it
out and he gave everybody one piece. And now this man is saying Umar Ibn Khattab is
wearing two pieces, Umar Ibn Khattab said, call Abdullah [his son Abdullah] Umar Ibn
Khattab said, I am not going to answer this Abdullah will. So he calls in Abdullah ibn
Umar Ibn Khattab and he tells him,”tell them that how come I am wearing two pieces of
this cloth?” Abdullah ibn Umar Ibn Khattab said,

[07:06] 1‫ ا‬/


3‫ ا‬N!\ N‫ ر‬B‫ن ا‬y
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
My father is a very tall man with wide shoulders so one piece of cloth is not enough for
him so I gave him mine. [I gave him mine!!] Umar Ibn Khattab did not take and
additional piece from the Muslim Treasury. This shows you how delicate the justice of
Umar Ibn Khattab was and it shows you how delicate the standard of the Muslims were.
They did not even accept for the khalifah to have an additional piece of cloth that they
don’t have. Very very very different standards than we have now. Some Muslims are
even able to be owned by the kings or presidents. They see it as a rightful claim for the
government to just take away wealth, abuse the wealth of the Ummah.
Umar Ibn Khattab another time was talking givening a khutba and he was angry that the
mahr [9] was going up. Mahr is the dowry and Umar Ibn Khattab wanted the dowry
to be reasonable and he was quiet upset that the prices were going up. So he gives a
khutba and says the mahr should not go above this amount and if I hear that any mahr is
over this amount I am going to take the additional amount and put it in the treasury. So

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

a woman stood up and old woman stood up and said,”its not upto you to do that.” Umar
Ibn Khattab said, why? She said because Allaah Azza wajal said,
‫
را‬7= ‫ ا اه‬5,e‫و‬
It mentions in Qur’an “you give a woman a Qintara” Allaah Azza wajal was refering
to some issues of marriage and it mentions in the Ayat Qintara is a large amount of
Gold. So this woman used this as a Daleel [N‫ ]د‬as an evidence that you can give mahr
as much as a Qintar Umar Ibn Khattab said,”A man was wrong and a woman was
right.” Another narrations says,”’
  ‫ ااة وا"
ء‬D
‫ا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
The woman was right and Umar Ibn Khattab was wrong. In a third narration said, he
said,
  3:‫ ا ا‬N‫آ‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Everyone has more Fiqh than Umar Ibn Khattab than me. And these are the examples
also not to show the justice but also shows the humbleness of Umar Ibn Khattab you
know for somebody to stand up in public and correct him in the public, his pride didn’t
take him over he accepted and he said, every body has more Fiqh than me. There are
exception to this rule Umar Ibn Khattab just didn’t give a blanket freedom of expression
anyone or everyone to say whatever they want. Umar Ibn Khattab placed restrictions
just we saw he place restriction on property rights, also placed restrictions on freedom
of expression. He was, once giving a khutab, in the beginning of the khutbaopening of
,the khutba he says
 ‫ ه
دي‬%: NC! ‫  و‬NC %: ‫ ا‬9! 
Whomever, Allaah guides nobody can misguide him and whomever, Allaah misguide
nobody can guide him. So this man stands up [‫ ]ا ا‬Allaahu ‘Alam if he was Muslim
or not anyways, he said, Allaah Azza wajal does not misguide anyone because it said,
So now he .Allaah misguide nobody can misguide him ,whomever  ‫ ه
دي‬%: NC! ‫و‬
is one area where we Qadr-al and [‫ ر‬3‫ ]ا‬Qadr-al is bringing up a controversial issue of
This an area .We should not try to delve into and try to comprehend .should believe
Because some aspects ?Why .belief in the unseen [KY
 ‫ ]ا!
ن‬Emaan bil ghaib taken as
wajal has taught us the knowledge Allaah Azza .beyond human comprehension Qadr of
Allaah taught us in Qur’an things .He didn’t teach us everything .that we need to know
There are things that are many aspects of knowledge that are not .that we need to know
hidayah We don’t need them for .emmentioned in the Quran because we don’t need th
it was mentioned in some ,Some were debating .so for example in Suratul Kahf [
!‫]ه ا‬
You know the dog of the people of .They were debating on the Issue of the Dog .books
.People of the cave they had a dog and this dog is mentioned in the Quran .the cave

 ‫ ذرا‬j
 9‫وآ‬
So they were debating what colour is this dog? Is it black or white or is it black and
white or is it red or yellow. Whats the benefit of such knowledge? What will you gain
by knowing the colour of the dog? NOTHING.
LE7! # 
This is knowledge that does not benefit. Therefore, it wasn’t mentioned to us. You find
that Qur’an doesn’t mention the details of time, of names, of locations, you will have
entire story and no location would be mentioned no time would be mentioned. In some
stories you would have a time line, some stories you would have locations but it for a
benefit. But these details are left out there is clear difference. When you read a story in
the Bible and when you read a story in Qur’an it could be the same story but they are

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

very different. The Bible gets into the name of the man, his wife, their fathers, their
relatives and their tribes but the Qur’an goes straight into the story and mentions to you
the just of it al-‘bra [‫]ا(ة‬
‫ ة‬9''= : ‫ آ
ن‬3
In those stories are reminders. [benefits] So, the issues that are irrelevant are not
mentioned in the Qur’an because this Qur’an is the Book of Guidance. You are not
going to find chemistry in Qur’an you are not going to find physics in Qur’an why?
Because these are the issues that are not really important for our guidance. Qur’an has
mentioned every single thing we need to know in order to we get into Jannah and save
ourselves from hellfire, all that is mentioned in the Qur’an.
So, the issue of Qadr we know of Qadr what we need to know but there are some parts
of Qadr we don’t need to know so we are not told about it and our minds cannot
comprehend them. So this man is talking about How come Allaah misguide us? Allaah
does not misguide. Umar Ibn Khattab told him,”if you ever said that again I am going
to execute you”. You know Umar Ibn Khattab does not play around I am going to
execute you. He goes straight to the point and he knows how to deliver the medicine.
In another example, there is this man who is within the Muslim army a soldier Fi
Sabeelillah fighting and then he will go around [because in camps you have a lot of free
time you are not fighting all the time] there is time of ribaat [‫ ]ر
ط‬when people are
waiting and you are guarding your out post. So the mujahid who knows his benefit
would use that time to learn, to study Shari’ah, make Ibaadah, you know like al-
Murabitoon [‫ ]ا ان‬there is this great ‘imarat [‫ ]
رة‬in the great Africa in our
history its called al-Murabitoon. These were scholars and were students who would set
pace in the frontier between the Muslim land and the non Muslim land. And they would
fight Fi Sabeelillah to spread the religion and when they are not fighting they are
studying. The Shoyukh [‫خ‬Q] are teaching them the ‘ilm. So, there time was spent in
fighting Fi Sabeelillah, Ribaat, Da’wah and ‘ilm.The best things that you could ask
there was this man in the time of umar ibn khattab this man was in the ,However .for
the ayaat that [‫
ت‬95 ‫!
ت‬e] Ayat Mutashabihaat army he would go around asking about
and [1] Muhkam There are some ayaat in the Quran that are .meaning is not clear
meaning is very clear and direct and there is muhkam The .[‫
ت‬95] there are some ayat
With .to be known [N!‫و‬p,] ta’weel it is unknown and it takes time for the mutashabih
So this .some ayaat the final ta’weel would only be known on the Day Of Judgment
man was going around and say what does that
[mean?] ‫ار!
ت ذروا‬8‫وا‬
[mean?] ‫ت و=ا‬% 
:
[mean?] ‫
ر!
ت ! ا‬T
:
He goes around these soldiers and asking them these controversial questions. And no
body has an answer and he is causing so much gossip. So, the Ameer of the army was
quiet concern because we have a lot of new Muslims and why raise these issues? And
some people are upto not that level of knowledge. So, you don’t talk about every thing.
So he came to the Ameer and said I have these questions for you what does this mean
and what does this mean? So, the Ameer of the army, he sends a letter to Umar Ibn
Khattab and telling him about this situation. Umar Ibn Khattab sends him a letter and
asks him to send it to me [bring him over to me]. So, they send this guy down to, the
man comes in and Umar Ibn Khattab meets him and how come I help you? The man
say, I want to know what does ‫ار!
ت ذروا‬8‫ وا‬means and what does ‫ت و=ا‬% 
: means
and Umar Ibn Khattab is telling him go on go on!!! And he is getting all these questions
from him, he said, I will give you all the answers. So he wraps him in this rug and then

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

he beats him up so bad, and then Umar Ibn Khattab said,”you understand now?” he
said, Yes Ameerul Mo’mineen I know the answer I know the answer now. Umar Ibn
Khattab said, I never want you to ask them these questions again. They said, he left and
he behaved himself until Umar Ibn Khattab died and then he starting to asking the
questions again.
Umar Ibn Khattab was the one who would stand between the Ummah and Fithnah he
was the wall between the Fitnah and the Umma. So Islam does give freedom of speech
and freedom of expression but it does not allow to fool around with the religion. It’s a
serious issue the religion of Allaah Azza wajal is a serious. He wouldn’t also allow to
slander al-hatayani [ ›5‫ ]ا‬and Arab poet, his poetry was slandering others. He was
a wonderful poet but he use to slander other people. So one of the target of his slander
came to Umar Ibn Khattab and complained. So Umar Ibn Khattab brought al-hatayani
and put him into jail. Al-hatyani made some poetry talking about his daughters and
how Umar Ibn Khattab have left them without care taker now and very said line of
poetry. So, Umar Ibn Khattab released him until he has to pay three hundred dinars as a
compensation to those who has been slandered and he said you never slander again. So
he prevented him from slandering others. And this is a serious problem in free societies
today so called free societies today for example in the west that freedom of expression
over spills and it turns into slandering the people. And the media now has a free hand in
slandering people. Look at how Muslims have been slandered left and right. And you
can’t do anything about it. Whom you are going to sue whom you are going to hold
accountable? Its just flood gates are opened but Islam does not allow that. It doesn’t tell
anybody to slander, it protects the dignity of the people.

How the khalifah lived?


People have an impression as long as you are doing something for Islam you should do
it Fi Sabeelillah and don’t get paid for it but that’s impracticable. Somebody going to
give all his time for the religion of Allaah Azza wajal they need to make a living. So
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllaahu ‘anhu told the Sahaaba how much you are going to pay
me? And there is a Qa’ida [‫ = ة‬/] of Fiqh it says,””
7+%8 7 N+ UL &*  ‫س‬5 &‫ن آ‬ ّ‫ا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Anybody who is dedicated for a cause that cause need to paid expenses. This is the rule
of Fiqh and they give examples for that the judge, like the mufti [!+8 ], and the wali [
!‫ ]وا‬is the governor, Mufti is the scholar and the judge. Since they have dedicated their
time for a certain cause that cause need to pay their expenses. Abu Bakr siddique
radhiAllaahu ‘anhu with Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam his expenses were paid
through the Fai [œ] the spoils of the war that are gained without fighting. Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam said,
O‫ & رو‬R59 /‫ زر‬-ž2
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
My Rizq comes from beneath my spear. So Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
contrary to comment misconceptions, wasn’t he businessman after he became a
Prophet? He stopped practicing business and went Da’wah full time. Business and
shepherding were things of the past. After Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
became a Nabi, he stopped working in any profession and all what he would do is
devote him time to the Da’wah Fi Sabeelillah [ ‫ ا‬N B: ‫]دة‬,
[! ‫ ]ان ا‬ina deena a new door of Rizq opened up to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam and that is the Ghaneema or Fai. When Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

would send an army and no fighting would occur that Fai would go into the hands of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and he claims a portion of it. Now that is
specific to Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam the one who took the responsibility
of their affairs of the Muslims was Abu Bakr, Abu Bakr is not Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam to take the Fai, so how can he live? We talked about this in the lecture
series of Abu Bakr but just briefly after Abu Bakr became khalifah they saw him in the
market place buying and selling. Umar Ibn Khattab and Abu Obaidah told him what are
you doing? He said, what you mean what I am doing? I am making a living for me and
my family. They said, well there is some woman waiting for you at your office and you
need to be working khalifah. He said, I have to make a living, how I am going to feed
myself and my family? They said, alright we will give you a salary. And they gave him
half a sheep a day and they also gave him a stipend some money and later on they found
Abu Bakr again in the market place, they told him whats wrong? He told him, what you
gave me is not enough. So they said, alright we will give you the whole sheep and will
also raise your salary and then he was satisfied and didn’t work because Abu Bakr was
a businessman he used to make sufficient money for him and his family. So atleast his
expenses need to be paid now. Umar Ibn Khattab he went to the Sahaaba and said, what
salary are you going to give me? They said, well Ameerul Mo’mineen you know better.
He said, I will tell you what I will take what I see as halaal for me from the Treasury
9q ‫ وا  و‬5‫ اˆ وا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
A transportation for my Hajj and my Umrah since Umar Ibn Khattab will not going to
leave Madina and does need transportation in Madina. So he said, I need transportation
for Hajj and Umrah otherwise, in Madina he is going to walk.
k'‫_ء وا‬5Q‫ ا‬: B,%‫و‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
And set of clothes in summer and set of clothes in winter [just one one set.]
‫…ه‬Q‫ ا‬B
 ‫ا‬,‫وا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Sufficient food for me and my family I want them to be full.
  ‫ ا‬B: 9‫و‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
And my share of the booty
  ‫  ا‬N‫
ر‬6‫
ا‬6;:
Because I am still a Muslim like you. I am one of you so I want to get my share of the
booty. [9 ‫ ]ا‬as-Sahm that was the salary of Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllaahu ‘anhu.
Which is quiet modest. A man came to Umar Ibn Khattab and said, this is an agreement
between me and my brother, he borrowd some money from me so he needs to pay me
back and he give the Umar Ibn Khattab the agreement. And this man says that its long
over due. What does it say in the agreement that the debt should be paid back in
Sha’ban [‫(
ن‬Q] now the Arabs didn’t have a calender. They didn’t have the calender to
count the years they had a calender for months. The twelve lunar months but they did
not calender for the years. And the way Arabs would remember years is by the
important event that happened that year like ‘Amil Feel [NE‫ ]
م ا‬Year of the Elephants.
Why was it call year of the Elephant? Because that’s when Abraha send army and it
was destroyed. You have ‘Am ar-Ramada [‫ ]
م ا
دة‬the year of Famine and you have
‘Am al-Ghala [%Y‫ ]
م ا‬year of Expensive Prices. Because that was the important event
that happened then. But they didn’t have a numbering system for the years, they didn’t
have a true calender.
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

So, this man is telling Umar Ibn Khattab this money is long over due. Umar Ibn Khattab
reads it and it says Sha’ban he said, which Sha’ban? This Sha’ban ? Sha’ban last year?
Sha’ban next year? So, he gathered the Sahaaba, and see now things are getting more
complicated because now we have a khilfah and its expanding its not like family affairs
like it was before and you could work things out. You did not have have these
sophisticated rules. Now you have all these disputes happening. So Umar Ibn Khattab
said to the Sahaaba we have to have a calender. And he was soliciting advice from
them, some said lets use the calender of Romans, some said lets use the calender of
Persians, some said lets use this and lets use that. And then Ali bin Abi Taalib said,
‫ك‬Q ‫رض‬#‫  ا‬B7‫ و ان "ج ا‬7
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Our calendar should start from the time Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam made
Hijrah from the land of Shirk to the land of Islam. The Hijrah. So its interesting to see
that the Sahaaba do not use for example, birth of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
or his death or the date of his Prophethood they used Hijrah. Why Hijrah? Why did
they specifically choose Hijrah? And didn’t choose his death or his birth.

Well for his death ibn Hajar says, because that will bring bad memories. But then why
didn’t they choose the date of his Prophethood or the date of his birth? Why did they
specifically choose date of Hijrah? The Sahaaba use to see the Hijrah as a turning point
in Islam. That is the beginning of Islamic State. That is the beginning of living a Islamic
life. Before that we were a minority in Mecca. But now we have an Ummah a nation
and that’s why Islamic Calender should start from the Hijrah of Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam. So that’s the year but the month Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam made Hijrah in Rabia al-Awwal [‫ول‬#‫ ا‬L‫ ]ر‬however, the Islamic calender starts
with which month? Whats the first month of the year? Muharram [‫ ]م‬why did they
choose Muharram? One of the opinion and this is the opinion of ibn Hajar is because
Muharram was the beginning of the intention of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
to make Hijrah. Because [/6
*‫ ا‬/3 L] bai’ ‘qabata saniya occurred in Zulhijah [
/T‫ ]ذوا‬and the first hilaal [‫ل‬%‫ ]ه‬after Zulhijah is Muharram. The other opionion is
that its good to start the year that after people came back from Hajj. So, people come
back from Hajj in Zulhijah makes it the last month of the year and the people start of
with the new year when they come back from the Hajj. Could make a sense Hajj
forgives for you sins and Umrah forgives the sins between Umrah and the next scenerio
starting again in new month of Muharram. So that’s how the Islamic Calender started,
wasn’t something that was done in the time of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam at
the time of Abu Bakr it was something that was started by Umar Ibn Khattab
radhiAllaahu ‘anhu. So you can see that when Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam
said,
K‫ا‬7
9 ‫ !ّ  ( ي  وا‬9 ‫ ون ا‬Q‫
ء اا‬:%" D7‫ و‬B57  1
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam says, follow my Sunnah and the sunnah of the
guided Khalifs after me. Because Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam knew that new
affairs or circumstances will occur in the time of the khulafah and there will be some
new rulling is given by the khulafah and needs to be taken as sunnah. And many of
these things occurred in the times of Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu.

There was another dilema what to name the khalifah? What name to give him? With
Abu Bakr he was given the name of “Khalifah”. Khalifah to who? Khalifah to

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam. [ ‫ ال ا‬/E"] khalifatu rasoollulahe was the
title of Abu Bakr , Umar Ibn Khattab said, you cannot call me Khalifahtu rasoolullahe I
am not the khalifah to rasoolullahe I am khalifah of Abu Bakr I am the successor of
Abu Bakr so, if you give me the name khalifahtu rasoolullahe what about the one who
come after me? It going to become very very long. Khalifat khalifat khalifat …….
Rasoolullahe so they were thinking about a title to give the khalifah and they couldn’t
come up with one? Umar Ibn Khattab said, he wants two men companied men come
down from Iraq so we we can ask them about Iraq and its people. He wants to hold
meeting with men from Iraq and asking about the conditions in Iraq. Iraq was a frontier
land where lots of fighting happening. So he wanted to know the latest news. So they
brought him the Lubaid bin Rabi’a [(‫ ] ا ر‬and Oda’e bin hatim [,
  ‫] ي‬
they came and they met ‘Amro bin ‘Aas [‫ ] و  ا(
ص‬and they told ‘Amro bin ‘Aas
can you please ask permission for us from Ameerul Mo’mineen. ‘Amro bin ‘Aas he
went to Umar Ibn Khattab
7A ‫ !
ا ا‬1 ‫م و‬% ‫ا‬
He said, assalamu alikum Ya Ameerul Mo’mineen! Umar Ibn Khattab said, where did
you get this from? ‘Amro bin ‘Aas told him, Labaid bin Rabia and ‘Aid ibn Hatim he
said we want to meet Ameerul Mo’mineen and I like that name because we are the
believers and you are our Ameer.[you are our Ameer!] Umar Ibn Khattab said,”that
would be the title” and since then khulafah were given the title of Ameerul Mo’mineen.

Some of the qualities of Ameerul Mo’mineen :


t fear of Allaah Farooq radhiAllaahu ‘anhu he had such a grea-Umar ibn Khattab al
[ ‫ ا‬D"] He had .subhanahu wata’ala in his heart khashiyatu Allaah and that’s a fruit
of knowledge. Allaah Azza wajal says,
‫ ا(
ء‬F‫ ا  
د‬R!
6‫ا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
The ones who have fear of Allaah are the Ulema, so that’s the fruit of knowledge. The
name of one man was mentioned infront of Imam Ahmad bin Hunbal [N7  ‫]ا
م ا‬
some of the students said, he doesn’t [he is not a scholar] they were putting him down,
he doesn’t have ‘ilm. Imam Ahmad responded and said, “He has the fruit of
knowledge,” the fear of Allaah Azza wajal. He already has the fruit of knowledge that
is actually what you want knowledge to do for you, to have the fear of Allaah Azza
wajal and he had that.Anways Umar Ibn Khattab had the Khashiy Allaah Azza wajal.

Once a man came to Umar Ibn Khattab and he said, O Umar Ibn Khattab! I want you to
solve this dispute happening between me and this man. Umar Ibn Khattab became upset
and he said,
‫ ـ‬5,‫ 
ر ا   ا‬NY5Q ‫ اذا‬5 1 N3 ‫آن   وه‬5,
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
When I come to you offering my help in my free time you don’t come forth and when
you see me busy with the affairs of the Muslims you rush to me and he hit him with his
stick.
The man left and he was upset and was complaing and walk away. Sometimes, it
happens that when you are free nobody comes to you and when all the paper work is
piling up and you are so busy everybody comes up with these urgent demands. Umar
Ibn Khattab said, call the man back. So they called him. Umar Ibn Khattab gave him the
stick and he said,”I want you to hit me like I hit you!” the man said,’for the sake of
Allaah and for your sake I won’t’. Umar Ibn Khattab said, no. You either do it for the

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

sake of Allaah or you hit me back. Then the man said, I will do it for the sake of Allaah
alone. Al- ahnaf bin Qais [ a=  k7#‫ ]ا‬said I was with Umar Ibn Khattab when that
happened. And he went into his house and he went with him and then he prayed and aftr
he finished his Salaah, he said,
 b  9 : ‫ك ا‬g(: %
ً ‫ د‬D7‫ ا وآ‬b‫ اـ‬9: #ً
M D7‫ ا وآ‬b(::
ً (M‫ و‬D7‫
ب! آ‬R‫!
ا ا‬
D,‫ ًا اذا ا‬d b ‫ل‬3,
 DC: b! (5 ! N‫
ءك ر‬T:   ‫ا=
ب ا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Umar Ibn Khattab said, O son of Khattab [he is speaking to himself]! You were low and
Allaah raised you, you were lost and Allaah guided you, you were humble and Allaah
made you noble and then Allaah appoints you over the Muslims and a Muslim man
comes to you asking for your help and you hit him? How will you answer to Allaah on
the Day you meet Him? What will you do and you will stand infront of Allaah Azza
wajal? how will you answer Allaah for what you have done? Al-ahnaf bin Qais said,
when I saw that I knew the Umar Ibn Khattab was the best of the men. This is the fear
that he had he regreted what he did to this man. Even though he was busy Umar Ibn
Khattab did not see that he had the legitimate reason for doing what he did. Umar Ibn
Khattab used to say,
K
 D6‫ ا‬N= 1 E6‫ ا‬K

[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Hold yourselves accountable before you will be held accountable
‫ا‬6g…, D6‫ ا‬N=
96‫وز‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
And weigh yourselves on the scale before you would be weighed.
‫آ‬#‫رض ا‬% ‫
ء‬,‫ا و‬7ّ!g,‫و‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
And prepare yourselves for the great exposition.
‫
ء‬:
" 17
RE, #
6M(, ‫!م‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
The day you will be exposed and nothing will be hidden prepare that time prepare for
that day.
Once Umar Ibn Khattab with his stick again, he hit men and women who were making
Wudu in a pool next to al-ka’ba [ /(1‫ ]ا‬in al-Haram [‫ ]ام‬he hit them with his stick.
He told them to go away. And then he called one of his employees so the employee
came and said,
b! ( !‫ و‬b
Umar Ibn Khattab said,no lubayka no Sa’daiyka[ b! ( !‫ و‬b] didn’t I tell you to make
separate pools for men and separate pools for women?because they were making
Wudu from the same pool and Umar Ibn Khattab didn’t want that mixing to occur next
to the House of Allaah Azza wajal. so, he pushed them away. And then he told his
employee why didn’t you follow my instructions? And then Umar Ibn Khattab went to
Ali ibn Abi Taalib and he said, [D1‫“ ]ه‬I perished” Ali bin Taalib said, why did you say
that? He said, I hit men and women in the House of Allaah in the Harum. Ali ibn Taalib
radhiAllaahu ‘anhu said, “You are a shpepherd and if the shepherd disciplines his flock
then that is justice but if the shepherd disciplines flock wrongly then that is
oppression!” Ali ibn Taalib is saying you are a shepherd and you have the right
discipline your flock when you see them doing wrong. Al-Hassan al-Basari [  ‫ا‬
‫ ]ا'ي‬is said, one night while Umar Ibn Khattab was walking in the streets of Madina
remembered the ayaah

ت‬7A ‫ وا‬7A ‫! !( ون ا‬8‫ها‬

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]


The one who harms the believing men and the believing women, so he goes and visits
Obaey ibn Ka’ba [K(‫ ا آ‬V‫ ]ا‬was a scholar of Qur’an. He was one of the scribes, he
was one of the memorizers of Book of Allaah, he was one of the Mufasiren [! E] so
Umar Ibn Khattab visits him. As soon as he comes in to his house, Obaie ibn Ka’b pulls
down a pillow beneath him and his gives it to the khalifah. Umar Ibn Khattab kicks the
pillow away and he sits down on the floor. And then he said, Obaei I fear that I am one
of those who are harming believing men and the believing women. Obaeiy ibn ka’ab
radhiAllaahu ‘anhu told him

97,‫ و‬p5: b5ƒ‫ ى را‬9(, ‫ ان‬#ّ ‫ ا‬L5 , #
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
O Umar Ibn Khattab! You cannot but discipline your subjects and tell them what is
right and what is wrong. You have to do that, you are the Khalifah, Umar Ibn Khattab
said,
‫ وا ا‬D= = ‫ وا ا‬D= =
You have said the right thing. You have said the right thing! But this shows you that
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu used to have fear of Allaah Azza wajal and he was
so afraid that he would harm his subjects. He harms someone and then he is held
accountable for that on the Day of Judgment. You know its kind of difficult to make
even a comparison between Umar Ibn Khattab and some of the rulers of today. Who are
using every way that you can possibly think of to abuse their followers we are not
talking about kuffaar leaders, we are talking about the leaders of Muslim world. May be
they are Murtadeen, anyways it doesn’t make any difference. When you are hearing
about their genius in the tools that they implement to toture the Awliya Allaah Azza
wajal [N‫و‬g ‫ ] او_ء ا‬might have mentioned before, they would rape their family
members. They would suse homosexuals against them, they would use sorcery and
magic, they would hire magicians, hire sorcerers and fortune tellers. And all different
stuff to cast magic spells on these Awliya of Allaah Azza wajal. they would use every
psychological tool could cast fear in their hearts, you name it!!!!! Physical abuse
everything. These rulers they never think about Allaah Azza wajal they never think
about the day they will meet Allaah Azza wajal and will be asked about what they have
been doing? Umar Ibn Khattab sometimes when he would see fire, he would put his
hand over it. [He would put his hand in the fire] and he would say,’O son of Khattab! Is
this a pain that you will be able to sustain? ’ he is telling himself. You need to be
straight [35 ‫ ]اط ا‬in Dunya because this will be the consequence in the Akhirah if
you are not. And he would put his hand in fire and say, “Can you handle this? Son of
Khattab can you handle this?”.
Umar Ibn Khattab was outstanding in his Zuhd [ ‫ ]زه‬in his austerity. Umar Ibn Khattab
was seen giving Khuttbah in a Thowb [‫ب‬H] that have twelve patches. He was seen
making Hajj [actually Tawaf] making Tawaf that thowb. A khalifah having twelve
patches [stiches] in this thowb and he is using it until its worn out completely before he
gets a new one and he is the khalifah of the Muslims. Hafsa his daughter, wife of
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam umal mo’mineen [7A ‫ ]ام ا‬came and she said,
bH
7‫ ا ا‬: D ‫ و‬b‫  ذا‬K ‫ \(
م‬D‫اآ‬: ‫  ازق‬b
(‫ و او‬R‫ان ا اآ* ا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
She told him, Allaah Azza wajal has provided us with a lot of blessings and Allaah Azza
wajal has opened for us the doors of Rizq why don’t you get some better food? And
some better clothes? During the times of Prophet there might be poverty, during the
time of Abu Bakr there was poverty, but now we have Rizq there are plenty. Why are

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

you still following those strict rules of the past? Why don’t you have some better food
and some better clothes? Umar Ibn Khattab he looked at Hafsa and he said, “I want you
to be the judge.” And then he started reminding her the way Rasoolullah sallalahu
alaihe wa salam used to live. And he went on and on mentioning examples to her until
Hafsa started to cry and then Umar Ibn Khattab said, “I have two companions who
preceded me and I am going to follow this way of hardship so that I can join them in the
life if pleasure.” Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and Abu Bakr they left before
me and I want to follow them. And I am going to follow this way of hardship. This life
style of difficulty. So that I can join them in the life of happiness, this will be my way.
Umar Ibn Khattab was not living for dunya, he is living for the sake of being reunited
the most beloved Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam and Abu Bakr siddique
radhiAllahu ‘anhu.

Umar Ibn Khattab he was once walking with his companions, advisors, deputies, came
next to a dumpster he just stopped.

9 ‫وا‬8((, 
‫ن ا‬p1:
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Until his companions were irritated because of the smell and they were being irritated
because he had them stand there for so long. But Umar Ibn Khattab was trying to teach
them a lesson. He said, this is your world, which you are fighting over and crying for!
This is your dunya, this is what you are fighting over, this is it. It’s a stinking dumpster.
And that is how Umar Ibn Khattab saw this dunya. His interest was in al-Akhirah. Sa’d
bin Abi Waqas radhiAllahu ‘anhu said,
‫ة‬T‫
ه‬97 ‫= م‬p 7 ‫ ا‬BM‫
ب ر‬R‫وا 
آ
ن   ا ا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Umar Ibn Khattab was not the earliest among us because of hijrah.
%C: VQ ‫ 
ي‬D:‫و= ا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
But I know how come Umar Ibn Khattab is ahead of us! I know how come Umar Ibn
Khattab is better than us.
‫
ء‬6 ‫ ا‬B: ‫آ
ن ازه ون‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
He was the most austered among us . He was least attached to dunya among all of us.
That’s why Umar Ibn Khattab stands above all of us. Its is because of his Zuhd. The
dunya is right there in his hands and he leaves it. He discards it. He was very humble.

[LM‫ا‬,] of Umar Ibn Khattab:

Umar Ibn Khattab was once approached by al-Lahna bin Qais is one of the leaders of
his people. A very dignified man, noble man he was respected by his community was
loved and respected by Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam he was a chief of a tribe.
So he came, and Umar Ibn Khattab , Umar Ibn Khattab doing the same thing he was
doing when he was visited by Oyaiyna bin Hassan applying tar to his camel. And this is
a difficult job to do and it is something that is done by the slaves. Know somebody who
is well off he wouldn’t do that. You are applying this tar to the camel to clear it from
the flee. Its not something that should be done by somebody who is a noble man let
alone the khalifah. But that’s what Umar Ibn Khattab was doing. And its very difficult
thing to do so you have to take your clothes off. So al-ahnaf came and Umar Ibn
Khattab told him O Ahnaf take your clothes off and come and join me. Obviously when

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

you take your clothes off your outer garment you have your inner clothes will cover
your body on. But your clean clothes that you wear when you outside take those out
because you are dealing with Tar [‫ ]=ان‬so there is one man with them he said, O Umar
Ibn Khattab Ameerul Mo’mineen! why don’t you have a slave do that? Umar Ibn
Khattab responded by saying
‫؟‬k7#‫ و ا‬B7  ‫واي  ه‬
And who is more of a slave then me and al-Ahnaf?
6
#‫' وا‬6 BE: ‫ا  ا(   ي‬T!
 9  KT!   ‫  و
اا‬6‫ا‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
And who is more of a slave then me and al-Ahnaf? Anyone who assume responsibility
over the Muslims is accountable just like slave is accountable to hs master. And his is
talking about the fact that he is accountable to Allaah Azza wajal. he is a slave and al-
Ahnaf is a slave and they are appointed over the Muslims so they need to be
accountable to their Master Allaah Azza wajal. Just because I am your leader shouldn’t
make you forget that I am still a slave and that I have a Master above me Allaah Azza
wajal.

In a gathering some man said,



س‬7‫ "ا ا‬D6p: 7A ‫ !
ا ا‬b7 3:
7 ‫  ا‬Q‫ ا‬#‫ و‬Z ‫ ا=ل‬#‫ و‬j 3
 [Z‫ ]ا‬K3 N‫
ر‬7ƒ‫
را‬
‫( رل ا  ا  و‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
They said, we had never seen anyone who is more just and who [says] speaks the truth
and who is more severe on the munafiqeen then you? Awf bin Malik [b
  ‫ ]ف‬who
was sitting there he said, no that’s not true [D8‫ ]آ‬you are lying. And then he said, we
know somebody who came after Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam who is better
than Umar Ibn Khattab. And this was said infront of Umar Ibn Khattab. Umar Ibn
Khattab said, “whom you are talking about? He said, “I am talking about Abu Abu
Bakr”, Umar Ibn Khattab said, “you are right. There was a time when Abu Bakr
siddique was more pure then musk and I was more mislead then the camel of my
parents.” I was in a worse condition then the camel of my family. While Abu Bakr as-
Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu was better then musk. Umar Ibn Khattab was saying that
Abu Bakr became Muslim before me and he was pure and clean like musk while I was a
disbeliever and I was worse then the camel of my family. Umar Ibn Khattab was not
insulted by what this man said, when he said you are not the best after Rasoolullah
sallalahu alaihe wa salam Umar Ibn Khattab wanted the people to know who he really
is? And that he is in lower status than Abu Bakr Siddique radhiAllahu ‘anhu. He didn’t
allow the people to tempt him to believe that he is better. Like people deceptive people
what they do today to leaders. They decieve the leaders and make them think that they
are better than everybody else. You are the best king that ever existed in the history.
You are the best leader that ever lived. You are the best president whatever! And they
pump him up and it gets to you after a while it gets into your brains and you really think
that you are Y’ani I am the best. Umar Ibn Khattab do not allow that. And he had
people in his presence who won’t allow that, like ‘Awf bin Malik.

He was also forebearing:


Umar Ibn Khattab even though he had that strong personality but he had [] helm.
‘oyaiyna bin hassan again, his name comes up, he is the bedoin leader whom Umar Ibn
Khattab tore the he had the document given by Abu Bakr, he tore apart. ‘Oyaiyna bin
Hassan wanted permission to meet with Umar Ibn Khattab because Umar Ibn Khattab
would surround himself as ibn ‘Abbas says, with the scholars of Qur’an. These would
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

be his advisors lets say. They were friends and also advisors. These are the people with
whom he would surround himself with the [7]. And ibn ‘Abbas it doesn’t matter
whether they were old or young as long as they were scholars in Qur’an they
understood Qur’an they would accompany Umar Ibn Khattab. So one of them is al-Hurr
bin Qais [a=  ‫]ا‬. ‘Oyaiyna bin Hassan was his uncle. So ‘Oyaiyna comes to al-
Hurr and says, I want you to arrange a meeting between me and Umar Ibn Khattab, I
want to meet him. So al-Hurr bin Qais, he is very clos to Umar Ibn Khattab he asked
Umar Ibn Khattab for permission to ‘Oyaiyna come in. so Umar Ibn Khattab allowed
him in. ‘Oyaiyna comes in and Subhan Allaah look at what he said,


( ل‬7: 1, #‫ب و‬8T‫( ا‬,
 ‫ا‬: ‫
ب‬R‫ ا ا‬B‫ه‬
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
O son of Khattab! You are not giving us enough and you are not judging among us with
justice. You are being oppressive and you are not giving us enough. And you really
need to look at the first date, you are not giving us enough that’s what it really means.
And Umar Ibn Khattab is oppressive because he his not giving him enough. So you
know sometimes people there standard of justice is how good you are to them. They see
the world. They are the centre of universe. If you treat them well then you are the best.
If you treat them bad you are the worse. Doesn’t really make any difference whether
they have merits or not. They judge according to how they are treated. And this is a
statement that is false and Umar Ibn Khattab wanted to respond back. Al-Hurr bin Qais
interrupted and he said, Allaah Azza wajal has told Muhammad sallalahu alaihe wa
salam;
‫
ه‬T‫واض  ا‬
Stay away from the ignorant and this man is one of them. He is saying that about his
uncle but al-Hurr bin Qais defends Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu because he is
defending the truth. Even if it leads to insulting his own uncle. This man is among al-
Jahiliyeen and the ayaah says, ‫
ه‬T‫ واض  ا‬stay away from them. Ibn ‘Abbas said,

9,  F‫
وز‬T,
:
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Umar Ibn Khattab didn’t go beyond that as soon as the verse was revealed

ب ا‬5‫ آ‬7 :
‫ آ
ن وآ‬6
:
[Check for errors in Arabic Script and rectify Jazakallahu khairun]
Because Umar Ibn Khattab was a person who would stop at the Book of Allaah.
When he would hear a ayaah he would stop. He would follow the rule of Allaah Azza
wajal. he would not go ahead with what he intended because now he heard a Naseeha
the Ayaah of the Book of Allaah Azza wajal telling him to ignore. So he ignored
‘Oyaiyna bin Hassan.

‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و  و‬6   ‫ ا‬
2  %‫ دي ا‬21430
2009 ,26 May

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Allaah
PART 7
Azza wajal make the inside of us better than the out side [ameen]

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و  و‬6   ‫م‬% ‫ة وا‬%'‫ا رب ا(
  وا‬
His life with his family:

Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was in a gathering with the Sahaaba radhiAllahu
‘anhum and Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam would use various instructional
methods to deliver the message to the Sahaaba radhiAllahu ‘anhum. For example,
sometimes he would draw a diagram on the sand, sometimes he would ask a question,
sometimes he would make a statement like an oath to make them attentative what he is
going to say and the statements of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam were very
short and concise that they can be remembered. So all of these will show you the
Hikmah [/ 1] of Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam as a Teacher. Once
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam was with the Sahaaba so he asked them a
question. He said,”Tell me what tree is similar to the Mo’min?[to the believer]”
Abdullah ibn Umar Ibn Khattab said, I was with the Sahaaba. And the Sahaaba got lost
in the trees of the desert, Sahaaba their minds tunned in to the desert and they started
mentioning names of tree from the desert. While the tree Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe
wa salam was refering to right around the corner. Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa
salam was refering to [/7‫]ا‬an-Nahla [the palm tree]. Since Sahaaba radhiAllahu
‘anhum went around mentioning one tree after another, none of them knew the answer.
Rasoolullah sallalahu alaihe wa salam told them the answer. He said, it is an-Nahla the
palm tree. Abdullah ibn Umar Ibn Khattab he went back home and he told is father, O
my father! I knew the answer. Umar Ibn Khattab told him then why didn’t you answer it
then? Abdullah ibn Umar Ibn Khattab said, because I was the youngest in the gathering
and there were people like you and Abu Bakr so I was shy, embarrassed. I didn’t feel it
right to answer in your presence. Umar Ibn Khattab didn’t like that answer so he said, it
would have been better if you have answered and I would rather have you answered that
question because [‫ا‬8‫ا وآ‬8‫ ]آ‬kadhaa wa kadhaa, this was a statement what they meaning
“whatever could you sacrificed would have been better for me if you mentioned the
answer then.”
What Umar Ibn Khattab is teaching his son Abdullah that you should have courage.
You should have speak up when you knew the truth. You shouldn’t just stay there
quietly because you are shy, because you don’t want to talk infront of the gathering and
this is very important message to deliver it to your children. Don’t be shy, don’t be
ashamed if you know the right answer, you know the truth answer it. So he is teaching
his son Abdullah to have courage and this is an important thing we need to teach our
children. Infact sometimes parents would teach their children fear, not courage, fear.
Stay away from trouble, don’t answer, don’t talk, don’t speak up, don’t go to the
Masjid, don’t do this, don’t do that. You should tell them that they should uphold the
truth no matter what the consequences are. You should stand up for what is right no
matter what the consequences are. Parents donnot make your children grow up to be
chicken. You need to raise them up having the Ikhlaq [‫ق‬%"‫ ]ا‬of Islam, courage,
sacrifice. Ibrahim ‘alaihes sallam is telling his son I want to slaughter you? What do
you say? Because he was brought up by Ibrahim ‘alaihes sallam, he said,
[Please Make Correction If Needed Time Stamp 03:51] ‫ ا‬D (: B5‫!
ا‬
O my father do what you are commanded to do. He was ready, Ismael ‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= he was
ready to die for the sake of Allaah ‘Azza wajal.
Umar bin Khattab use to care for the benefit, the religious, the Akhirah benefit for his
children. When Hafsa = ! *9 >‫ ا‬e‫ ر‬her husband died. Umar bin Khattab wanted her

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

to marry the best. So he goes to Uthman ibn Afan. I want fathers [I want parents
ingeneral] and mothers to think about this. Umar bin Khattab goes to Uthman ibn Afan
and he tells him my daughter Hafsa = ! *9 >‫ ا‬e‫ ر‬, I am offering her to you in
marriage. This is no , no to parents today. You don’t go offering your daughter out. You
wait till somebody comes and if no body comes you have her sit at home until she dies.
No Umar bin Khattab he wants the best for his daughter. He is not thinking about
shame, embarassment and doesn’t think about these things. I want her benefit, I want
what is good for her, so he goes to Uthman and he says, “I am offering you my daughter
in marriage”. Uthman bin Afan comes back to Umar bin Khattab and says,

[Please make correction if needed TS: 05:08]      
   
I am not interested in marrying in this particular time. Umar didn’t like that answer. Obviously,
but you can not force him. He turned him down. Uthman ibn Afan turned him down. Very
difficult, but Uthman wasn’t interested in getting married at that time at that particular time. So
then Umar bin Khattab he goes to Abu Bakr and he offers Hafsa to him. Abu Bakr siddique he
did not respond back, he did not say yes or no. He just left. Umar bin Khattab said and I was
even more upset with Abu Bakr, atleast Uthman told me the answer. He said, No. Abu Bakr just
ignored me. A short while later, RasoolAllaah     asks for Hafsa and he marries
her Subhan Allaah. So Abu Bakr comes back to Umar and he said, “I think you were upset with
me?”
Umar said, “yes”.
The reason why I didn’t answer you [answer back] because I heard RasoolAllaah   
 mention her name and I am not going to be the one to expose the secrete of RasoolAllaah
    and if RasoolAllaah     did not get marry to her I would have
married her. Abu Bakr said, I have heard something in private and he would not tell anybody
about it. RasoolAllaah mentioned her name. so I wanted to wait and see if RasoolAllaah  
  would marry her. And if he didn’t I would have married her. But Allaah ‘Azza Wajall
choosed for her the best Muhammad    . But the thing here is that we are talking
about how he is dealing with his family. Umar ibn Khattab is eager to get the best husband for
his daughter and he is willing to go and offer her.
Umar bin Khattab was strict with his family members. And when he was a Khalifah he wanted
to make sure that there is no favoritism going on and he was very strict about it. Abdullah ibn
Umar said, I purchased some camels that were very weak because of fever. These camels were
sick so they became very weak, skinny Abdullah ibn Umar purchased them and then he took
them to al-Hima. Al-Hima is a guarded area that is open for all, it’s a common pasture. So the
land doesn’t belong to any particular person. It is guarded and any Muslim can take their flock
there to feed. So Abdullah bin Umar he took his camels to this Hima and they grew fate and
then Umar bin Abdullah took them to the market place to sell. Umar bin Khattab he used to
inspect the markets of Madinah. So during one of his inspections tours he sees these fate
healthy camels. He said, who did these belongs to ? they said, it belonged to Abdullah ibn
Umar. So he calls Abdullah ibn Umar and he said, O Abdullah what is this? Abdullah said,
these are some camels I bought, they were very skinny and I took them to Himah and now I
want to sell them. Umar said, yes. You took them to Himah and the Muslims over there said,
move away let the camels of the son of Amirul Mo’mineen eat and they would bring them water
and say take good care of the camels of son of Amirul Mo’mineen until they grew fate. Sale
these camels you take your capital and every single Dinar that you made in profit goes back to
the treasury because you are the son of the Khalifah, the Muslims were giving you prefered
treatment and that’s why your camels became fate. So he said, you take your capital [the money
that you have invested] don’t make money any money out of this. Abdullah ibn Umar
radhiAllaahu ‘anhu he made some money of the Ghanaim of the Jalolah this was the battle in

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Iraq. So Abdullah ibn Umar being fighter in the army he got portion of the spoils of war. So he
brought it to Madinah and he wanted to sell it. Umar bin Khattab said, yes. You going to sell it
and you are going to make alot of money out of it. It actually cost him forty thousand (40,000)
and he sold it for four hundred thousand (400,000) so he made alot of money out of it. So he
made a good deal. So Umar ibn Khattab radhiAllaahun ‘anhu said, O my son Abdullah! Would
you sacrifice any thing for me if you know that you are father is going to hellfire? Abdullah
said, O my father! I would sacrifice anything for you. [Anything] Umar said, well this
merchandise of yours which you want to sell the Muslims are going to say, he is the Sahaabi of
RasoolAllaah and he is the son of Amirul Mo’mineen and he the most beloved of his sons to
him and then Umar said, that is true. Umar was saying that you are the most beloved of my
children to me. So they Muslims are going to give you the best deal. They are going to sell you
with the lower prices and they will buy from you with the highest prices.so let me tell you my
son I am going to give you best profit a man of Quraysh can make. For every dirham that you
have invested I am going to give you a dirham. So after it was sold for four hundred thousand
Umar bin Khattab gave Abdullah bin Umar Eighty Thousand (80,000) all of the rest went to
Baitul Maal [Treasury].
Now this is a legitimate deal but Umar bin Khattab was very sensitive, very sensitive to the way
his son would be treated. Infact Abdullah and Ubaidallah bin Umar were in Iraq, they were with
Abu Musa al-Asha’ri and Abu Musa al-Asha’ri is appointed as a Governor by Amirul
Mo’mineen so Abu Musa told Abdullah and Ubaidullah, he said I want to send some money to
the Khalifah. I want to send some money to Amirul Mo’mineen. However, I am going to give
you this money you buy some items from Iraq, using this money and you can take it to Madinah
and sell it and give the money back to Umar and you keep the profit. So you see the deal here?
So Abdullah bin Umar took the money that belongs to Amirul Mo’mineen should go back to the
treasury and they bought some items from Iraq they carried the items and they wanted to sell
them in Madinah. So Umar bin Khattab when he knew about this deal he said, No. He said, all
of the money goes to the treasury. Abdullah said, I said, quiet and Ubaidallah argued with my
father. He said, but my father if we lost in this deal we would have guarantteed the return of the
money. So how come now when we made money you want to take it away from us? Because if
this turned out to be a soar deal we would have paid you money out of our pockets because this
was a trust given by Abu Musa. Umar said, give the money back. So one of the Sahaaba was
sitting there he argued on behalf of Abdullah and Ubaidallah and he said, O Amirul Mo’mineen
how about you give them half of the profit and you take half? Umar bin Khattab he remained
silent though, thats what happened.
His son Aasim was in Iraq and he came with some plates and jewellary, some items that he
brought them from Iraq. So Umar bin Khattab called some Mo’iqeeb his servent and he said
Mo’iqeeb take every thing you see with Aasim and deposit it in the treasury. Aasim said, but he
belongs to me. Umar said, no , you went to Iraq and you asked them to give you this. Aasim
said, but I asked my family. Umar bin Khattab told Mo’iqeeb take it and leave it in treasury,
take it all. Stipped Aasim all of the items that he brought from Iraq and he put it in the treasury.
Abu Musa al-Asha’ri he came back from Iraq and he gave wife of Umar a gift. Small item he
gave her as a gift to wife of Amirul Mo’mineen. Umar comes in and he sees this gift with his
wife he said, where did you get it from? She said, Abu Musa al-Asha’ri gave it to me as a gift.
Umar picked up that item and he hit her on the head [he banged her on her head] and he said,
and why are you getting gifts from Abu Musa? And then said, call Abu Musa. Abu Musa came
in and he was breathing because they had dragged him and he had to run he said,
[Please make correction if needed TS 14:49]      !
Don’t haste in your judgment against me. Umar bin Khattab told him, who told you give my
wife gifts? He took that item and he hit Abu Musa on the head. And he said, take it back to
Baitul Maal. [I want to make a comment here]
Abu Musa al-Asha’ri has no blood relations with whatsoever, with the wife of Umar bin
Khattab. They are foreign to each other None-Mahram and Abu Musa is giving her a gift. If that
were the conduct of a Sahaaba it shows you how tight they were? Ya’ni for somebody to come
and give the wife of his friend a gift shows you how tight and close the relationship was. And

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

how close Abu Musa was close to Umar and how close Sahaaba were. They were like one
family. You know because. why would Abu Musa give the wife of Umar a gift? But it shows
that they had extremely close and loyal and brotherly relationship to the extent that Abu Musa
can give the wife of Umar a gift. Now Umar didnot agree with that because he felt that this is a
preferred treatment just because she is the wife of Umar does not entitled her to get gifts.
Because as he sees it as a conflict of interest. He is the Khalifah he should not be getting gifts.
Especially someone who is appointed by the Khalifah as a Governor. And Umar ibn Khattab
was very strict with his wives, he didn’t want them to entervene into the affairs of state.
Once he was writing a letter repremending his governors so the wife of Umar came and she
said, why are you being so harsh on him? He said, you stay quiet go and do your stiching and
stay away from the affairs of government. Sometimes the comments of Umar were bit harsh and
rough [and hope that sisters will still going to show up tomorrow and you are not going to say
that statments, Ya’ni] Umar ibn Khattab he was disciplining his wives and that was the way of
Umar ibn Khattab he didnot want his women to involve in the affairs of government.
RasoolAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 would seek the advice of his wives. Like for example, Umm
Salma = ! *9 >‫ ا‬e‫ ر‬in Sulah Hudaibiya, she was the one who gave the Nasihaa of
RasoolAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 going himself and shaving his head slaughtering his animals. But
Umar ibn Khattab he didn’t. He didn’t want his women to involve into the affairs of state.

Umar bin Khattab received some money so Hafsa ummahatul mo’mineen radhiAllaahu ‘anha
came to umar and said, don’t forget to give your relatives, you need to give to your relatives
you need to make your [Sala tur Rahm] you need to be kind to your kinship, and she was telling
about your rights and duties towards your family the clan of Banu Udae’. Umar ibn
Khattab he stopped her and said,

[Please make correction if needed TS 18:00]  


 
You have cheated your father by doing well [by being nice and well to your family]. He said, this money
belongs to the Muslims. I would give my relatives from my own personal money not from the money that
belongs to the Muslims. So he said, you cheated your father, meaning, you are not doing your father good
by giving me this nasiha even though you are benefiting your relatives. So he was very strict with his
house hold.
Now how he treated the house hold of RasulAllaah    
that is ahlul bait [ 
 ]. He used to take special care of [   ], he used to love al-Hassan and Hussain,
Ali bin Abi Taalib, al-‘Abas and his son Abdullah and he used to put them in a very high status. When he
would send money to the house hold of RasulAllaah    
he would give them so
much and incase there is any shortage, the shortage would be in the share of his own daughter Hafsa 
     that’s where the shortage would be. In what he gives to Hafsa the wife of
RasulAllaah    
why? Because she was his daughter.
Once he gave Zaynab bint Jahsh [      ! "   # $] so much money, huge
pile of coins, when Zaynab saw that she said, “May Allaah forgive Amir ul Mo’mineen. There are other
wives of RasulAllaah    
who would do a better job in distributing this money.” He
told her, no, no , no this is not for distribution this is yours. She thought that he is bringing her the money
to distribute among the rest of Amahatul Mo’mineen but she was told that all of this is your portion. She
was so terrified by the amount of it, she told her servants to cover it with a cloth. It was so much for her.
And then she told her servants to put her hand under the cloth and take out from it and go and give it to
orphans, to widows, to Miskeen to the needy and the pile was decreasing going down going down going
down until her servant said, “O Ummul Mo’mineen Zaynab! Why don’t you leave some for us? We have
a right in it.” So then Zaynab said, alright take what is under that cloth. They uncovered it and there were
more than Eighty Dirham left.
Zaynabd she was so terrified with this amount of money, the whole concept of all of this wealth coming
in. you know in the time of RasulAllaah    
they were so poor. A month would pass
by without ever having a hot meal. Zaynab raised her hands up and said,”O Allaah don’t allow me to live
until the next time umar gives me ‘atta, and she died soon after that.” She felt that this wealth is a Fitnah
I don’t want to see this again. So O Allaah! take me away before this happens. And Allaah " $
accepted her dua and she died. She was the earliest of the wives, the first of the wife of RasulAllaah 

   to pass away. The wives of RasulAllaah    


Umahatul
Mo’mineen ugring umar to allow them to make Hajj and he was refusing but when they insisted he

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

agreed. And he told Abdur Rahman ibn Awf and Sa’d bin Abi Waqas to accompany them and he said,
one of you be in front and one of you should be in back and don’t walk with them. Because they are not
Mahram. So he said, don’t walk with them. You walk one ahead and one behind. And he said, whenever
they spend the night you have them stayed in a protective area and you stand and guard them. And in
Tawaff do not allow any man to make Tawaff with them. Only woman can make Tawaff with them. He
was giving special care to Ummahatul Mo’mineen. Nobody would ever be prevented from Tawaff. The
only exception was when Ummahatul Mo’mineen making Tawaff no men are allowed there so only
woman can make Tawaff with them. These were exception rules that Umar bin Khattab had for
Ummahaatul mo’mineen radhi Allaahu ‘anhum. And as I have said, that he was very close to Ali, He was
one of his senior advisors, and he used to love al-Hassan wal Hussain. Al-Hussain ibn Ali said, [and al-
Hussain was very young at that time] he said, Umar saw me once and he told me O my son! Why don’t
you visit me? How come you are not visiting me? So al-Hussain said, I will Amirul Mo’mineen. Al-
Hussain said, I went to visit umar and he was having a private session with Mu’awiya ibn Abi Sufyaan.
And Abdullah ibn Umar was standing at the door and he wasn’t even giving permission to come in. Even
Abdullah ibn Umar wasn’t allowed to enter into the room because umar was meeting privately with
Mu’awiya. Al-Hussain said, when I saw Abdullah ibn umar himself walking away I didn’t bother asking
for permission to go in so I left. A while later umar meets me and he says, O my son! How come you
didn’t visit me? Al-Hussain said, well I did visit you but you were meeting with Mu’awiya and Abdullah
wasn’t even given the permission to go in so I didn’t ask for permission. Umar bin Khattab said, O my
son! I will give you priority over my own son Abdullah because you are in my head. Umar placed his
hand on al-Hussain head and said, it is Allaah and then you. [For me it is Allaah and then you]. That was
the love that he had to al-Hussain and al-Hassan the sons of Ali bin Abi Taalib radhi Allaahu ‘anhum.
Al-‘Abbas and Ali bin Abi Taalib = >‫ ا‬e‫ ر‬had a disupte [financial dispute] Ali and his uncle ‘Abbas.
So they came in to meet with Umar ibn Khattab and Umar had Abdur Rahman ibn Awf, Zubayr bin
Awam, Sa’ed bin Abi Waqas, some other Sahaaba Uthman. So Uthman said, O Ameerul Mo’mineen why
don’t you judge between these two men? and get it over with. The dispute has been going on for some
time. Uman ibn Khattab said, slow down, didn’t you know that RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 said,
whatever the Anbiya leave behind….. that the Anbiya donnot leave behind any inheretance.
[TS 25:09] %&'
 (  ) * + *   
RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 says that we the prophets do not leave behind inheretance. What we leave
behind is charity a sadaqah. So this is an exception from the rule of inheretance. Inheretance usually goes
to the family members but the exception are with the Anbiya. They said, yes. Umar ibn Khattab asked Ali
and ‘Abbas radhiAllaahu ‘anhum don’t you know that RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 said that? They said,
yes. Umar ibn Khattab said, and you know that RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 in his days he used to live
off the Fai [œ][the spoils of war] that came from Banu Nadhir [F (]. What he used to do is he use to
take from it enough from it to support his family for a year and then the rest would given out in saddaqah,
isn’t that true? They said, yes that’s true. Umar said, when RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 passed away Abu
Bakr held on to that land and he would give you enough for a year and he would spend the rest in
saddaqah, isn’t that true? Ali and ‘Abbas said, yes. Umar said, then when I became Khalifah for the first
two years that was what I was doing. I would take what RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 used to take and
would give it to you. Ali your portion goes to Fatimah because she is daughter of RasulAllaah 7= >‫! ا‬6
‫ و‬and al-‘Abbas you are asking for your portion from Muhammad ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 being his uncle and
I used to give you that isn’t that true? They said, yes. Umar bin khattab said, and I gave it to you because
you asked me for it. And you said, that you will follow the same way that I was following, Abu Bakr was
following, RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 was following in distributing the harvest of this land and you
agreed to that and you took it from me. And now you are coming and complaining that you are having a
dispute among you. I am not going to make any ruling among you. You either follow the same way or
you give it back to me and I will take care of it.
So when it came to following the rules, umar bin khattab follow the rules strictly even though he had the
love of the house hold of RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 but in this particular situation he told al-‘Abbas and
Ali either you are upto it you can take care of that land yourself and not fight among you or you give it
back to me and I will be the one to manage it.
Umar ibn Khattab and His people
We start first with umar and the woman citizens especially the women of Madinah. Umar bin khattab
radhiAllaahu ‘anhu was walking down a road in Madinah and a woman comes up to umar and she stops
him and she said, O Umar! I remember one day you will be called umair/ umayr [] is small umar.
Its [,-
 -
] seegha tasghira in Arabic, that is if you want to make something smaller you add
that ya [.] to it so umar [ / ] [' / ' ]. So she said, I remember a day, when you
were young, you could be called umair/umayr and you would be carrying your stick with you, terrorizing
the kids. [go around beating the kids when you were young ☺ with a stick. He was a tough man since his

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

young days he would go around the streets of Mecca fighting the kids with his stick. He used to be a
wrestler, he became a wrestler after that. So he was that type of street boy when he was a young.]
Umair/umayr and then after that, you were called umar and then the days passed and you are called
Ameerul Mo’mineen. So fear Allaah! And fear Allaah with your people and remember the day of
judgment. And she went on giving him Naseeha. And umar just stood their listening to her without any
interruption. So the man with umar stopped her and he said, stop speaking like that to Ameerul
Mo’mineen, umar ibn khattab said, you stop. If this woman would continue talking, I would continue
listening and I would only leave her to go and make Salah and come back. Why shouldn’t I listen to a
woman whom Allaah " 0 $ listend to her complains from above seven heavens. This was Khawlah [
 1] who went to complain about her husband to RasulAllaah    
and ‘Ayesha
said, I was in the next room and I could barely hear the conversation between RasulAllaah  

  and her but Allaah " $ heard her and revealed Ayaat:

  ( " $ 2 '"   &  3 '&


Allaah " $ heard the conversation of the woman who was complaining to you about her husband and
Allaah " $ heard that conversation.
Khawlah was giving umar ibn khattab     a Naseeha and umar bin khattab was listening to
her attentively and she was reminding her of his humble origin.
Al-Khansa a woman of al-Ansar four of her sons were killed in the Battle of al-Yarmook. [Four] when
umar bin khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu heard the news he orderd the treasurer to carry on paying their
salaries to their mother [all four]. As a reward to this patient woman who was the reason behind the
Shahada of her sons because of her encouragment for them and the way she brought them up. She was a
poetess and her poetry was so encouraging and that was not only encouraging for her sons only but it was
also encouraging for all other Muslims.
Once umar bin khattab is walking in Madinah so a young woman came to him [% ,  ] (woman
in her youthful years). She came to umar and she said, O Ameerul Mo’mineen! My husband died and he
left behind young children and he left us no land and he left us no cattle and he left us with nothing. And
my father is [TS 32:37 .4- 51  ] he witnessed [' 6
] Sulha Hudaybia with
RasulAllaah    
. umar bin khattab said, welcome her father was Imam of his people
Ghifaar. [The people of Abu Dhar] her father was their Imam. So umar bin khattab when he heard that
she is the daughter of this man the Sahabi of RasulAllaah    
he said, welcome come
with me. So this young lady comes with umar bin khattab so he finds a very strong camel [strong back]
good for carrying and he loads two huge sacks he fills them up with money, food and clothes and he
packs on the top of this camel and he handles the briddle to this woman and he says take the camel and
every thing on top of it, its all yours. And then he told her, by the time this runs out Allaah " $ would
provide you with something. So the man who was with umar bin khattab said, O Ameerul Mo’mineen!
You have given her too much. Umar bin khattab said, may your mother be bereaved of you! I can still
remember her father and her brother fighting next to a fortress until they opened it and now we are
enjoying the fruits of their deeds. These men died Fi Sabeelillah, these men died so that we can live! We
are now enjoying the blessings of their efforts. What is in baitil maal what is in treasury because of the
efforts of the Sahaaba who fought for this Deen and now you are telling me that its too much to give this
woman what I gave her?
Umar bin khattab would take care of the families of the Shuhada. He was greatful towards the ones who
gave their lives for the religion of Allaah      because RasulAllaah   

 says:

[TS 34:49] ,$7 '2 1  2 .$7 81  ,$7'2 .$7 $" 
The one who finances a fighter has fought, and the one who takes care of the families of the fighter has
fought. You get the same Ajr [" ] if you take care of their families. So umar bin khattab is receiving
the Ajr of Ghazo even though he is sitting in Madinah because he was taking care of the needs of these
families. And that was the expected thing to do, that was the right thing to do. So in those days, the
Mujahid Fi Sabeelillah would go out and he is satisfied. He has tranquility in his heart that he knows that
his family would have something to fall back on and they will have somebody to take care of them. But
today things are very different. So the ones that are Fi Sabeelillah today may Allaah reward them and
help them because the days are now different. The times are different.
One brother was telling me about a sister in Yemen. He said, he knows a wife of a shaheed who had to go
around the houses of the neighbourhood knocking on their doors begging for second hand clothes. So that
she could put on her children for the day of Eid. Imagine a sister if you would be in that situation and you
have to go around begging not for new clothes but for second hand clothes to put on your little ones for

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Eid and why are you doing that because your husband did not die for himself but because he died for the
Ummah. [ ] brothers and sisters that’s the ultimate level of betrayal that we allow this to happen
today. We have forsaken our brothers we have forsaken [the Ummah has forsaken] them because they
died Fi Sabeelillah for the sake of Ummah. Why are they doing that? They are not doing that for their
own benefits. This person could otherwise be a successful doctor or business man, he could be making
living for himself and family but he went out for the sake of YOU. And then this is how he is treated. He
is betrayed, his wife is betrayed, their children are betrayed and not only that people will go on the media
talking against them. Muslims are going to go out on Media talking about him [against him.]. when he
has givin his life for the sake of Ummah. Nothing goes for free, we will be held accountable for that on
the day of judgment. You will be held responsible for what is happening today if you don’t do a thing
about it. And when you see your brohters wherever they are being harrassed, being arrested, being
abused, and you do nothing about it beware and realise that you will be next and in addition to paying for
that sin in dunya Allaah " $ will make you pay heafty price on the day of judgment. If you allow this
to happen to your brothers be assured that the punishment is on its way. It will happen in your health, or
in your family or in your wealth Allaah " $ is going to make you pay for that. Why? Because we are
Ummah and this membership is not a free membership that is giving to you without any duties. Being a
member of Muhammad    
carried with it responsibility because its an honor. It is
such a great honor that Anbiya would wish to be member of Ummah of Muhammad   

 . Musa 9  he would wish to be a member of Ummah of Muhammad   

 and Allaah " $ has given you that virtue Allaah " $ has gave you that honour to make you
part of greatest Ummah that ever existed

:  "1 % 1  (
But that honor is not free there are some duties and responsibilities that are tie to it. And those duties are
that you are responsible towards the welfare of every member of this ummah. And if there is something
that you could do to help a brother or sister who is in need and then you do nothing about it be assured
that Allaah &2‫و‬N= will hold you accountable for that. Because RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 said, this
ummah is like a body if one part of it feels a pain the whole body joins in the pain and fever and
suffering. You can not separate your finger from your rest of the body. Even if that small finger is injured
the whole body will feel the pain.

With other family issues


Umar bin khattab would also deal with them. For example, a man said, I want to divorce my wife. Umar
bin khattab said,

[TS 39:47] ;<= 


Why do you want to divorce her? He said, because I don’t love her. Umar bin khattab said,
[TS 40:01] ;#       (
And since when all the houses been established on love?
[TS 40:04] ‫ ؟‬7ž =‫
ر‬
Where is the care?
What umar is saying radhiAllaahu ‘anhu is that not every husband and wife love each other and that’s not
the sole purpose of marriage. He is saying there are many families are established on other reasons yes
may be they use to love each other before but hearts can change, things can go wrong, does that mean that
family now should separate just because you don’t love your wife anymore fa ayna ri’ya? Where is care?
Allaah Azza wajal put between male and female
1O‫دة و ر‬
Muwaddah is love and wa rahmah is mercy. If there is no love there still should be mercy, there is care,
there is compassion. A husband should still take care of his wife if even though he might not love her and
vice versa. And for the muslims who are living for the sake of Akhirah a family is a nucleus to build, to
raise up children, and umar bin khattab Allaahu ‘Alam we might get into that later on. Umar bin khattab
said, sometime I force my self to sleep with my wife even though I don’t want to. He doesn’t feel that
desire at that moment but he would force himself to sleep with his wife why? so that may be Allaah Azza
wajal produce
[TS 41:34] >‫ ا‬D09 &0
Because may be out of that Allaah Azza wajal will create a soul “that will glorify Allaah”. So there are
other objectives that the religion would be carried on that there will be people who will raise this religion
and protect and fight for it worship Allaah Azza wajal. So umar bin khattab was telling the man hold on
to your wife. Romance is not everything. And sometimes it could be illussive. You know in the beginning

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

they day dreaming [24/7] Twenty-Four-Seven about each other. But then when they get married, you start
taking things for granted. When you have something you don’t really have that attachment to it as when
its not in your hand. And then problem happens, each problem might leave a scar, so you have done some
scars on heart that keep on accumulating and eventually may be hearts change. That happens a lot. That
happens a lot. But the ma’ruf [‫ ] *وف‬should remain. The good treatment should remain, the mercy
should remain. Subhan Allaah since the female was created from the male these two remain each one
fulfills something in the soul of the other. You see Huwa [‫ّا‬O] wasn’t created independently. She was
created out of the rib of Adam. So she was created from him. And that is why Subhan Allaah you will
find that this relationship between husband and wife is special and unique relationship. There is no
relationship similar to it. The relationship with your friends that you have is different, with your parents is
different, with your children is different. This relationship between husband and wife is different it is
unique. Subhan Allaah nothing seems to be able to exists independently. Allaah subhanahu wata’ala
created everything in pairs. Glory be to He, Who created things in pairs. He created you in pairs and
created plants in pairs and created things that you don’t know in pairs. Only Allaah Azza wajal is
independent and doesn’t need a partner.
[TS 43:52] '
 '2 " $ 
He doesn’t need a partner but this is reflection of our human deficiency that we need a pair we need
spouse its part of your Deen, because it is part of your humanity, its part of your human make up. You are
deficient until that missing piece of the puzzle comes into your life. And this need even exist when there
is no love between the couple. That is still needed.
Similarly, this time a woman came complaining about her husband. She came to umar bin khattab and
she said about her husband;
[TS 44:37] > ?( @1 9(
“His good is little and his evil is a lot”. The good that comes from my husband is little and the evil that
comes from him is a lot. He said, who is your husband? She said, Abu Salamah. Umar bin khattab asked
the ones whom are with him, all that we know about Abu Salamah is he a very nice man. He is one of the
Sahaba radhiAllaahu ‘anhu. So umar was kind of shocked to hear the statement by her wife. So he said,
bring the husband. So they brought the husband, he said, do you know this woman he said, yes, she is my
wife. What is she saying? He said, she claims that your good is little and your evil is a lot. He said, she is
lying. I am treating her in the best way a husband could treat his wife and I am providing for her very
well but I am:
[TS 45:31]  " 
He was old, and Baqi means a camel or a goat that is running out of milk. He was figuratively speaking
to refer to impotence [impotent]. And that’s why her wife was complaining. So umar bin khattab said,
[TS 45:52] 4  ' 
O enemy of yourself! He was carrying his stick obviously. He said, you consume his youthful years and
you lived off his wealth, and now he become old you come, and complain about him? And lie against
him. She said, O Ameerul Mo’mineen! I am sorry you are never going to see me here again. Even though
umar bin khattab was delivering this harsh statement to her he still gave her a gift. He gave her [ 1W-W
‫اب‬W:‫ ]ا‬three pieces of clothes. So the narrator said, I saw her grabbing them and run away. And then
umar bin khattab told the husband, and then he told her:
[TS 46:37] !¦J
R56 0O‫ا‬
“Be good company of this old man”. [Be of good company of this old man.] and then when she left he
came to the husband and said, don’t think because I gave her those stern words that I am going to let you
off the hook. You have to be good with your wife and then he left.
So over here, umar bin khattab did not see valid ground for this woman complain about her husband if it
was a problem that came up early on in the marriage when they were still young and the husband was
unable to fulfill these natural needs of his wife then those would be grounds for divorce. But that was not
how the man was when he man was young. This was the problem that came him when he was old. So
umar told the woman you spent all of those years with him and now when he is old you want to desert
him and leave him.
Hind bint utbah [7*+= R( ‫ ]ه‬was known as being very intelligent and beautiful woman in Quraysh. She
was initially married to the uncle of Khalid bin Waleed but then he divorced her and she married Abu
Sufyaan. And she lived with him majority of her life but then eventually Abu Sufyaan divorced her. So
she went to umar bin khattab and she borrowed money from him. Because she wanted, since now she is
on her own she wanted to do some business. Umar bin khattab agreed and he gave her some money so
she went to Iraq and she started investing and she became very successful in running her business. And
the reason that why I am bringing this up is to show you that umar bin khattab would take care the needs
of these women in their young age, in their old age. He gave her the money from the treasury in order to
invest and that was something that was accomodated by the Muslims in those days. Woman could go and
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

trade and do business and make money and that’s what Hind bint Utbah did. To some it up- I think this
statement tells it all. It shows you the concern that umar had for women. You know some of the
statements that previousely mentioned might give you an impression that umar bin khattab was a harsh
on woman that is not true that’s farthest from the truth.
Umar bin khattab did not want women intervening in his business. But he was very soft hearted and kind
when it came to women. He was their protector, he was their caretaker. Umar bin khattab radhiAllahu
‘anhu said,
'  "  * < *  *   ' *   A
  * 
[TS 49:27] ' 
“He said, in the name of Allaah if Allaah gives me life I am not going to allow any of the widows of Iraq
in need of the help of anyone after me.” If Allaah just grants me life, I am going to make the women of
Iraq and that was the farthest part of his Empire. I am going to make the women of Iraq the widows I am
going to make them so content, happy, and pleased that they are not going to need the help of anyone
who comes after me. That is how he viewd his responsibility towards the women of the Khilafah.
Umar bin khattab radiAllaahu ‘anhu one day he was on a camel and it was very hot. It was noon time in
Madinah very hot and he is running on the top of his camel in the hot sun. sand blowing in his face Ali
bin Abi Taalib said, Ameerul Mo’mineen where are you heading? He said, a camel of a saddaqah ran
away and I am pursueing it. This was something that a slave could do, a servant could do, Ali bin Taalib
said;
[TS 50:44] ‫ ء (* ك‬2 9 = ‫ ع‬f‫ ا‬%
You are making it difficult on anyone who will come after you. The standard that you are setting up for
the Khilafah is so hight, you are making it difficult on all of the Khulafah after you. He was setting the
bar so high. Ali was worried about who ever assumes this responsibility after umar will he be able to live
up to the standards set up by umar bin khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu.
Umar bin khattab he would give the right assessment of people and he would honour the people that
deserved to be honoured. And
[TS 51:20] $  : $
He would put the people in the right level and he was careful in his judgments of others. Once he needed
somebody to give reference to someone. “Shahadah” so, someone said, I will give him reference umar
bin khattab said, based on what? Are you his neighbour? He said, no. he said, did you lived with him? He
said, no. he said, did you do business with him? He said, no. he said, did you travel with him?
[TS 51:58]" <  2
Because travelling is the test, the real test of men. He said, no. umar bin khattab said,
[TS 52:08] ,'& B& 
     
Well may be you then met him in the Masjid and you saw him praying, he said, yes. He said, go you
don’t really know him. Umar bin khattab said, you don’t judge a person based on seeing him in a masjid.
Are you his neighbour? did you live with him? Were you his room-mate? That how he get to know
people, did you do business with him? When money comes in you know a certain aspect of the
personality of the person. A person could be a sweet tongue, could be a wonderful brothers but when it
comes to money the dark side comes out. And then he said, did you travelled with him?
[TS 52:54] " <  #7* 4 2
That’s the true test of men. When you travel, when you leave behind routine of your life, the comforts of
your life, things start getting on your nerves and the real you comes out. Your sleep schedule changes,
you are sleeping on a different bed, you are eating different food, you know you are used to food of your
mom and now you are eating the food of someone else different country there are not enough spices in
the food, the routine changes and you are always close to your travel companions and this is how umar
bin khattab assesses people. So he said, you are not qualified to give him a reference. And he has some
other statements that I am not really worried about the mo’min whose Emaan is clear and the Kafir whose
Kufr is clear but I am worried about the Munafiq. Who shows Emaan and conceals Kufr. And he has
some statements about:

• Don’t be fooled by the worship that you see of the people because what is in their hearts could
be different and all of these statements are true.Its not the salah of the person, its not the ‘ibadah
that they show to others, their could be some diseases of heart that are still lingering behind and
you don’t really see them but Allaah really sees them.

Some of the first people turned down the Da’wa of Isa 9  were the scholars of Banu Israel.
They were the first the Muftees of the bani Israel the Ulama of Bani Israel they were the first to turn down

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Isa 9  they and the Umara [+  ]. The Ulama and the Umara were the first to betray Isa
9 . The political leaders and the religeous leaders and the ones who followed the Isa 
9 were some fishermen and some simple lay men. They were the one whom Allaah choose to
follow Isa 9  and they were his [ ] hawariyeen. So don’t be fooled by the tongue and
by the appearance because only Allaah can see what is inside. Lets all make dua’ “that Allaah Azza wajal
make the inside of us better than the out side” [ameen].
[TS 55:27]  % 9  1    " 
‘Adi bin Haatim [  C'] one of the noble men of his people one of the Sahaaba of
RasulAllaah    
he said, I came with a delegation of my people about two thousand
and we came to umar and he started choosing some men from my people and he would give them so I
stood infront of him he ignored me. So I went in front of him and he again ignored me and it happened
few times. And then I went straight to him and I said, o umar! You don’t know me? You don’t remember
me? ‘Adi said, Umar bin Khattab laughed so much that he fell on his back. And he said, no ‘Adi I know
you very well. “You are the one who believed when people disbelieved, you are the one who came when
people deserted and you are the one who was true to his words when people betrayed and you are the
one who came with the Saddaqah of Tai [and that was the Saddaqah that made RasulAllaah  

  and the Sahaaba happy].” And he apologized to me and then he said, the reason that why I
am giving these men that you see because these are leaders among their people and they are the men
whom people go to in their times of need and that’s why I am giving them. ‘Adi ibn Haatim said,
[TS 56:49] D  92
I am happy then if that’s the case. So umar bin khattab recogises the status of ‘Adi and he also recognized
the status of the leaders of his people and the reason why he was giving them is because through their
hands others would benefit. He was giving them because these were the men whom their people come to
in moments of need. Allaah Azza wajal gives some people money because these wealthy men distributes
that money to the needy. The moment the start holding back Allaah Azza wajal take that money and will
give it to somebody else.
In battle with romans some Muslims were taken as prisoners of war (PoW) so, the Roman King when he
heard that one of them was a Sahaabi he was so happy. He said, bring me, I want to meet him. The
Sahaaba by now so many legends were surrounding them and news going around the globe about these
special men a SAHABA of RasulAllaah    
so, they were just fascinated, they just
wanted to see a Sahaabi. So the Roman King said, bring him to me. Because these Sahaaba one counts
them as an Ummah. One man is equal to an ummah. That was the product that RasulAllaah  

  left behind. So they brought Abdullah bin Hudhaifah [4'   ']. And this
Roman King now he is thinking and he is thinking about how to make use, to capitlize on a Sahaabi. So
he said, I want you to merry my daughter. Apparently he wanted, he use to think, there is special about
the genes of Sahaaba. He wants that to be carried down in the line, by merrying him to his daughter. So
this is the daughter of a Roman King, she is going to merry this Sahaabi, and their children are going to
be a superman. But he set a condition that he became a Christian. So he said, I won’t. he said, listen, you
merry my daughter and I will give you half of my kingdom. Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah said, no way. I am
not giving up my religion.
Brothers don’t take it as a tale, think about it? Half the kingdom, some Muslims are selling out today for
a miser salary for peanuts. They are betraying the Ummah. They are spying on the Muslims for nothing.
[TS 59:39] & + '  E   '  
They are selling their religion for a very miser price for nothing. They are giving up Islam. They are
committing rida [+ '] and this Sahaabi was offered half the kingdom [half of the kingdom] and he
says, no. you know when you say no to these people how much it hurts them? I am offering you my
daughter I am king nobody ever said no to me in my life and I never offer my daughter [I never offered
my daughter] to anyone in my life, my kingdom before and you are saying no? and then I give you half of
my kingdom and you say no? the people of dunya they has fought so much to get the dunya when they
see someone who is not attached to dunya, it drives them crazy. It is as if you are insulting me and telling
me that I wasted my life for something that is wrong. As if you are telling me that this dunya is not worth
it. What do you mean? You are refusing half of my kingdom, I am offering you my daughter and you are
saying no. so he said, bring the bakara, a bakara is apprently this huge container,bowl, that looks like a
cow. And it is used for burning alive. They would fill it with oil and they would just set fire to it and the
oil would boil. Imagine that oil smokes coming out of it because they set it on fire for so long that it was
boling. And then they bring a Muslim and they throw him in that boiling oil. The narrator said,”it wasn’t
very long after that Muslim was thrown in the boiling oil that his bones started to sticken out.” It is so hot
that his flesh was fried the bones came out. You know when you fry, if you take for an example a chicken
and you fry it the bones sticks out because the flesh shrinks. It looses all of the water and evapourize it

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

and it shrinks. So the bones sticks out. That is what happened to this Muslim prisoner of war and that was
occuring infront of the eyes of Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah. So the king told him are you going to give up
your religion now? Otherwise we are going to throw you in that boiling oil. He said, I am not going to
give up my religion. They picked him up Abdullah started to cry they went to the king and said, he is
crying. The king said, bring him back. He is crying and he has weakened, he has weakened we got him
and bring him to me. He said, alright. Are you ready to give up your religion? Abdullah said, don’t think
that I cried because of fear of death but the reason I cried because I remember I only have one soul and
my soul is going to leave now. So the reason I cried is because I wanted Allaah to give me hundred souls
so that I could die this death hundred times for the sake of Allaah. I wasn’t crying because I was afraid of
death, I was crying because I wanted to die as a shaheed hundred times.
In another narration he said, I wanted to have souls as the number of hair that I have on my skin. So that I
could give them for the sake of Allaah one after another. I think that’s the level of Emaan we can’t even
comprehend. (  and that tells you brothers and sisters this religion is not a religion of talk, its not
a religion of showing off how much knowledge you have, this religion is about your willingness to
sacrifice for Allaah Azza wajal. Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah as-Sahmi proved his Emaan at that particular
moment. It’s a mawaqif [8&] that show who you are? Muwaqif is a standing point in your life at
moment of ease everybody could be equal and you don’t really know whats going on but when the fitnah
hits that’s when truth comes out of the heart. So when the fitnah hit Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah true
Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah was releaved. No body knew umar ibn khattab or anybody else no body knew
who Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah was. They knew that he was a Sahaabi but they didn’t really know what
was inside of him but this muwaqif this standing point revealed the reality al-Emaan. It was the
willingness to sacrifice for Allaah Azza wajal and to give his soul one after another.
You know this makes Sahaaba special and that was just, that was something the people around them
couldn’t comprehend. I mean for example with this, delegation of Qura’ [+ &] memorizers of Qur’an
which RasulAllaah    
sent out to Najd. That were betrayed. You know when one of
the Sahaaba came in to meet with the leader of the tribe. The leader of the tribe gave his signal so a man
came with a spear and stabbed the Sahaabi behind him so the blade came out from the front. So imagine
this Sahaabi he was attacked, he was caught off guard. He didn’t know that somebody was planning to
kill him. It was a surprise to him and then he sees a spear sticken out of his stomach. What did he say? A
big smile on his face and he says,
[TS 01:05:09] % ( # 2
I have won in the name of Allaah [I won].
One man who was present their he said, I couldn’t forget that. That statement stayed in my mind how
could somebody say I have won when they are dying. And since he didn’t know anything about Islam he
went asking about this and then he became Muslim.    Sahaaba are even giving da’wah when
they are dying.
So the king when he saw Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah’s determination he was embarrassed. You know he
wanted to get out something of Abdullah he could kill him but he felt that his pride was insulted. So now
the issue with the king was not of killing of Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah the issue was I want to get
something out of this man. He has to give in, he has to give me something. So he told Abdullah ibn
Hudhaifah I am going to free you if you just going to kiss my forehead. Look at this, just kiss my
forehead and I will let you go “give me something.” He is begging Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah, the Roman
king give me something? Kiss me on my forehead. Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah thought about it and then he
said, only if you going to set me free and all the Muslim prisoners of war free. The King said, I agree.
Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah kissed him and he got all of the Muslims free. Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah goes
back to Madinah umar ibn khattab hears the story he goes to the Masjid Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah is there
all of the Muslims are their. He stands up umar ibn khattab said, it is an obligation on every Muslim to
kiss the forehead of Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah and I am going to be the first and he kisses the forehead of
Abdullah ibn Hudhaifah because he saved the Muslims. He saved the Muslim prisoners of war.

‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و  و‬6   ‫ ا‬
19 ‫ال‬J1430
October 08, 2009

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

  

   
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu

His Life & Times


PART 08
UMAR & THE SOCIETY

Lecture series by Imam Anwar Al-Awlaki


[May Allaah preserve him]

! (
‫  ً
آ*ًا ا‬, ‫
 و اه و و‬6   ‫م‬% ‫ة وا‬%'‫ا رب ا(
  وا‬

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Umar bin Khattab went to meet the re-enforcement that was coming from Yemen. Armies were
coming out of Yemen Fi Sabeelillah to go and fight and they would pass through Madinah on
their way to Iraq and ash-Sham. So, umar went to greet them and he said,
;   : (2F
Is Owais ibn ‘Aamir among you? So they were directing him and Umar was asking and he was
getting closer until he reached to this man. And he told him are you Owais ibn ‘Aamir? He said,
yes I am.
;&  ? '  
Are you from Muraad and then are you from Qarn? So, the clane is Muraad and the tribe is
Qarn. He said, yes. Umar said, were you suffering from Liprosy and then Allaah healed you
except for a size of a coin? He said, yes. Is your mother alive? He said, yes. Umar bin khattab
said, I heard RasulAllaah    
saying;””
&  ? '    ' ' 2   : (G
Owais ibn ‘Aamir will come to you with re-enforcements coming from Yemen and he is from
Muraad and then from Qarn, and he used to suffer from Liprosy and then Allaah healed him
except the size of a coin and he is very kind towards his mother. If you ever meet him ask him
to make dua’ that Allaah forgives you.
 @4-  B2  = 2 D2
This is a man who is not a Sahaabi. Eventhough, he lived in the times of RasulAllaah  

  but he could not meet RasulAllaah    


because he had to
stay with his mother. And to be a Sahaabi you have to see RasulAllaah    

you just can’t be a contemporary of RasulAllaah    


you have to see
RasulAllaah. So, he lost the opportunity of being a Sahaabi why? Because of his mother, he
wanted to stay with his mother. He lost the opportunity of fighting fi sabeelillah because he
stayed behind with his mother. And this is the Hukum only with fighting that is offenssive not
the defenssive one obviously. So its quite strange to hear a statement RasulAllaah  

  asking the Sahaaba to ask someone who is not a Sahaabi to make dua’ for them,
to ask Allaah to forgive them. But this narration is in Sahih Muslim. So umar bin khattab the
khalifah, the Ameerul Mo’mineen is telling Owais ibn ‘Aamir [4- ] ask Allaah to
forgive me. Subhan Allaah. Umar bin khattab asking Owais ibn ‘Aamir to make dua’ for him
that Allaah forgives him. Owais ibn ‘Aamir is one of the Awliya of Allaah " $. Owais ibn
‘Aamir makes istighfaar for Umar ibn khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu and umar is the Khalifah.
Umar bin khattab said, so where do you want to go? Owais said, I want to go to al-Kofa [
2 ( ] umar said, let me write a letter to the Governor of Kofa to take good care of you. The
Khalifah, he loves Owais wants to take good care of him. Owais said, please don’t because I
want to live in obscurity, among the laymen. I don’t want to be known. I don’t want any special
treatment. I want to be a unknown person fi sabeelillah and to live with laymen the common
people. This is an example of somebody who is ‘Abd Taqi Khafi [41  ']. Somebody
who has Taqwa [C ] and is hidden no body knows him. RasulAllaah   

 says;
41  '  #   
Allaah subhanahu wata’ala knows the one who is not known but has Taqwa. So he goes to al-
kofa and he settles their and no body knows about him for a year. Umar bin khattab meets with
some of the noble men of the tribe of Owais al-Qarni who are with him in Iraq in Kofa. He
meets him in Madinah the following year. So umar is asking him about Owais al-Qarni and no
body knows the special status of Owais. So umar, now the khalifah is asking about Owais al-
Qarni how is he doing? So this man said,
[TS 05:02] )?* &  )2 (
I left him in a state of poverty and his house is without furniture, why are you asking about this man? He
is a poor man and he has no furniture in his house Allaaho Akbar, he wants to live in obscurity. If he had
that letter from Ameerul Mo’mineen he would be living a very comfotable life in Haalal, but he was
happy with what Allaah Azza wajal has destined for him. He was happy. He was happy with what Allaah
gave him. Content. So, now the umar bin khattab tells the man if you meet him tell him to make a dua’
for you because this is what RasulAllaah    
had said about him. So the man go back
to Owais and he says,
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

4- :
Ask Allaah to forgive me. Owais said, you ask Allaah for forgiveness, you just came back from travelling
and the dua’ of the traveler is accepted. He said, no no no, I want you to make a astaghfaar for me.
Owais thought about and then he said, did you meet umar? He said, yes I did. Owais made istaghfaar for
him and the news spread. Suddenly, they tried to look for Owais al-Qarni he was no where to be found.
He disappeared in order to go and live in obscurity somewhere else. ((  )running away from
fame, recognition. He didn’t want the people to know his Taqwa, he didn’t want the people to know his
status, he just disappeared to live for the sake of Allaah Azza wajal, to fight fi sabeelillah and to do it for
Allaah and Allaah ‘Azza wajal to recognize what I have done. I don’t want recognition from anyone. We
ask Allaah ‘Azza wajal to give us Ikhlaas in everything that we do and in everything that we say [ameen.].
Another group of Mujahideen from Yemen on their way to ash-Sham to Yemen they passed through
Madinah. And umar bin khattab radhiAllaahu ‘anhu after the early prayer he would bring out plates of
food for the public to eat, for the travellers, for the needy. This was a public service that umar bin khattab
was offering and he would do that and just present the food and he would serve it to the people and stand
over them to make sure that they are having that they are being served well khalifah himself. So he sees
this man from this group and they are travelling back to Yemen so that are in Madinah they are travellers
so he comes and he eats. Umar bin khattab told him eat with your right hand. Umar bin khattab is doing;
'‫ا  ( *وف ون ا‬
And serving, you know so many good deeds at once. Eat with your right hand, the man ignored umar bin
khattab. Umar bin khattab told him, eat with your right hand. The man said, O Ameerul Mo’mineen my
right hand is busy. So umar left him and when he finished his meal umar went to the man and said, what
do you mean your right hand is busy? So the man pulls out his right arm and there was no right hand.
Umar bin khattab said,
‫ا؟‬P‫ ه‬
What is this? The man said, I lost my right hand when I was fighting in the Battle of Yarmook. Subhan
Allaah man didn’t want to show off in front of people that he has lost his arm in Jihad. And he only did it
when the Khalifah insisted. The Khalifah asked him first time, he ignored, second time my right hand is
busy, third time he just pulls out his arm and shows it to the khalifah. Look at the ikhlaas this man had.
But then look at the question of umar. What would you expect umar to ask? You know! It shows you
what was on the mind of the Sahaaba. He said, then how you make a Wudu? Subhan Allaah, you know,
that’s the first thing that triggered in the mind of umar. How you make Wudu? How do you prepare for
the Salah? When RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 was talking to the Sahaaba about ad-Dajjal and he said, one
day is equal to a year and next day is equal to a month, the third day is equal to a week and then the other
days are like your regular days. What did the Sahaaba say? O RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 how come its
equal to a year? Is it because of the rotation of the globe that it stopped? Can you give us a scientific
explaination for that? A how will the weather be? What did the Sahaaba say? What was their concern?
Look at the question what the Sahaaba asked. They said;
[TS 10:11] ‫   اة ام؟‬+*0‫ي آ‬P‫
رل ا> ذا ام ا‬
O RasulAllaah that day which is as long as a year is it enough to pray the five daily prayers as if it is a
one day? So the first thing that came to their minds was salah. How will we pray when that day is a year
long? So umar now when he saw his right hand missing he said, how do you make your wudu? And it
also shows you the care that umar had. The man said, I make wudu with my left hand
*‫وا>! ه ا‬
And Allaah is the one who give help. He said, so where are you going to? He said, I am going back to
Yemen to visit my mother because I haven’t seen her for few years. Umar bin khattab said and you are
also so kind towards your mother. Come with me. And he gives him a servant and he gives him five
camels and he tells him now you are welcome to leave.
This is the care that umar bin khattab radhiAllahu ‘anhu had for the one who sacrificed for the sake of
Allaah ‘Azza wajal. Umar bin khattab knew whats most worthy and whats most valuable. And he wanted
to give the Sahaaba a lesson. So they were sitting in a room. And he said [‫ا‬9] make a wish? One of the
Sahaaba said, I wish that this room would be filled with gold so that I can spend it in the path of Allaah.
He said, Tamanao make a wish? Another sahaabi said, I wish this room would be filled with jewels and
gems so that I can spend it in the path of Allaah. He said, make a wish? They said, O Ameerul
Mo’mineen we don’t know what to say? Filled this room with what? Umar bin khattab said, my wish is
that Allaah ‘Azza wajal fills this room with the likes of Abu Obaida and ‘Amr ibn Jarrah so that I can
send them in Sabeelillah. I wish this room is full of people like Abu Obaidah and in another narration
Abu Obaidah and Mua’dh ibn Jabal so that I can send them in path of Allaah.
Umar is telling us and telling them that your human resources are more important than your financial
resources. They are more important then your bricks and motor. They are more important thing that you
have. It is your human resources that they count. RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 when he passed away he

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

didn’t leave behind any glamorous buildings. The masjid of Madinah was of mud and the floor was sand
and the roof was palm leaves and would drip water on them when it rained. RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6
did not pave any roads. He didn’t established any financial networks of business. He didn’t leave behind
books. All that RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 left behind was Qur’an and he left it behind not in Mushaf
not in books but he left it behind ingrained in the hearts of Sahaaba radhiAllahu ‘anhum. That was the
product that RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 left behind. That was the effort of the dawa’ of RasulAllaah !6
‫ و‬7= >‫ ا‬he left behind the Sahaaba. And every blessing that we enjoy today is a result of that. The
religion didn’t spread that much in the times of RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 it spread in the times of Abu
Bakr and Umar. It spread in the Khalifah of Banu Umayya and Banu ‘Abbas. In the times of RasulAllaah
Islam was limited to the Arabian Peninsula. RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 the Sahaaba that he trained in
the Madinah or in Mecca were not that many a Hundred or Hundred plus. The ones who gave him Bai’ah
of Bai’ahtur Ridhwan (‫ان‬e‫ ا‬1*() Fourteen Hundred (1’400). The ones who made a Hajj Wada’ with
him Nine Thousand. So these are the ones who are close to the RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 but then the
last year of the life of RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 the tribes were becoming Muslim but they didn’t
really study much under RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6. So the Hundred and Twenty Four Thousand
(1’24’000) that prayed Janazah on RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 not all of them very close to him. Really
the core group was Hundred. These are the ones who started off with him in Mecca. But every one of
these men you can just throw them anywhere in this world and just leave them, leave them alone they
will take care of their religion.
Umar bin khattab is saying I want such men like Abu Obaidah and Ma’dh ibn Jabal so that I can send
them out fi sabeelillah. So the tarbiya is the most important thing, its more important than your buildings,
instituitions, the most important thing is the Tarbiyah and that is how Islam will carry on. In al-Andulus
they had the greatest buildings. They had the greatest Masjid, fabulous. Jami’a Qurtabah [7f/ E 2] was
the largest Masjid in the Muslim World until recently. Until the final expansion of Masjid an-Nabawi,
Jami’a Qurtabah was the largest Masjid in the Muslim World. But the Muslims left it, they have left it
behind why? Because their hearts were weak. They had strong buildings, the buildings stayed behind
Spain is making a lot of money out of those buildings today but the hearts were weak. The Muslims lost it
on the moral front. [‫ق‬-:‫ ]ا‬al-Ikhlaaq and the Emaan front when they lost it in the battle field.
Umar bin khattab again, he used to give the appropriate status to people. Abu Sufyaan, Suhail ibn ‘Amr
two leaders of Quraysh and Sohaib and Bilal two former slaves from the Quraysh. Sohaib the Roman and
Bilal the Abyssinian the African standing out side the office of umar ibn khattab seeking permission to
get in. umar bin khattab allows Sohaib and Bilal the slaves to come in Abu Sufyaan and Suhail to wait
outside till he finishes up with Sohaib and Bilal first. Abu Sufyaan complained I have never seen a day
like this. He allows the slaves to go in before us? Suhail said, I can see your anger but you should be
angery with no one but your own self. [with your own self]. RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 invited you and
invited them and they came fast but you were slow. And what will you do on the day of judgment? When
they will be invited before you and you will be waiting. This is not really a big deal now standing outside
the office of a Khalifah what will happen on the day of Judgment when these people will be invited to
Jannah before you? You ought to cry because of your joining the caravan too late and that holds true all
the time. If you are joining in too late you are missing a lot. You are missing a lot. So don’t miss the train.
Don’t leave the caravan without you.
Umar bin khattab was in the court Ali bin Abi Taalib and another man came to him. They had dispute. So
umar bin khattab had Ali and that other man sit down. And then he said, to Ali Ya Abal-Hassan [ 05‫
ا( ا‬
] O father of al-Hassan, go ahead with your side of the story and Kuniya [1‫ ]آ‬is way of respect. He said,
abal-Hassan. He is giving him his Kuniya. And then he asked the other man for his opinion. The face of
Ali changed. Umar bin khattab said, it seems that you are upset because I have equaled you to this man?
And Wallahu ‘Alam as I have heard but its not in the references that I have looked up that this other man
was a Jew. He said, O Ali, it seems that you are upset? Because I am putting you on the same footing as
this man. Ali bin Abi Taalib relative of RasulAllaahu ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 the husband of Fatimah, the father
of al-Hassan wal Hussain. Ali bin Abi Taalib said, no that’s not why I am upset. I am upset because you
called me with my Kuniya and you didn’t call him by his Kuniya. I am upset because you actually
prefered me over him. Umar bin khattab said,
[TS 19:45] 05‫ ا('  ا> ( رض ¬  ا( ا‬:
I ask Allaah never to allow me to live in a land if Abal-Hassan is not around. I ask Allaah not to allow to
live me in a land if Ali ibn Abi Taalib is not next to me. He was greatful to Ali that he has this sense of
justice he doesn’t even want to be given that preference. Its not really preference, it doesn’t effect the
rulling at all but he doesn’t want to be spoken to in a different tone then this other man. We are talking
about justice that to us is just an imaginery world because we don’t have anything to relate to now. We
are living in systems that are so far away from ‘Adl [‫ ]= ل‬that we find it hard to grasp. What we talking
about.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Next Section
Umar bin Khattab again had this reverence, diginity, presence, his presence was felt by everybody around
him. Ibn ‘Abbas says, that the barber of Umar was cutting his hair and Umar bin Khattab caughed so the
man did it on himself. He was so afraid, because of the caughing of umar. Umar bin khattab when he
knew that he gave him Forty Dinars. People use to have fear from Umar bin Khattab. Since he was young
he used to beat the kids with his stick and we talked about this woman who had this miscarriage. There
are two version of that narration. I already mentiond one right? Did I mentioned about the one who had
miscarriage? The other version of this is that, there was this woman and the men were talking about her
Allaaho ‘Alam what that exactly meant? But umar bin khattab want them to investigate the matter how
come men are talking about this woman. So he calls her in. when they told her that umar wants to meet
you she said, woe to me! What does umar wants to talk to me about? She was so terrified that she is
going to go and meet the Khalifah and when she was walking she had a miscarriage and the child came
out and he cried in the beginning and then he died. He had to pay blood money because of that.
Ali bin Abi Taalib, Uthman ibn ‘Affan, az-Zubayr ibn Awaam, Talha bin Obaidallah, Sa’d bin Abi
Waqas and Abdur Rahman ibn Awf they all came together for meeting. What were they discussing? They
said, somebody needs to go and talk to the khalifah and tell him that people are terrified. And the boldest
among them in talking with umar was Abdur Rahman bin ‘Awf, he was the boldest among the group. So
they sent him, they said you go and talk to him. Now it wasn’t easy, ibn ‘Abbas said, I had a question to
ask umar bin khattab and I waited for an entire year. I couldn’t have the courage to go and have asked
him. For entire year I was waiting. So Abdur Rahman ibn ‘Awf he went to umar and he told him that
people are afraid of you. People fear you. Umar bin khattab said, tell me the truth Abdur Rahman. Did
Utham, Ali , Sa’d , az-Zubayr were some of them send you here to talk to me about this? He said, yes
they did. Umar had a feeling. Then umar bin khattab said, “O Abdur Rahman! In the name of Allaah I try
to be so soft with them until I felt that Allaah will punish me because of that softness and then I became
harsh until I was afraid that Allaah would punish me for my harshness. O Abdur Rahman! Tell me what
to do? tell me what to do, I am doing my best” I am trying to be soft but then I am afraid Allaah will
punish me for that, I am trying to be harsh and strict and I am afraid that Allaah will punish me for that
Abdur Rahman started to cry and then he walked out and he was saying, “Woe to them after you! Woe to
them after you! Woe to them after you!” Abdur Rahman bin ‘Awf was crying so hard, he was saying who
will take care of this Ummah after you leave? Who will have a heart like you after you leave? Who will
be so concerned about the Ummah of Muhammad ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 like you after you leave? And he left
and he was crying. Because he felt the sincerety of umar bin khattab, he felt how sencere umar was. Umar
was telling him what to do? I am trying my best. Subhan Allaah when umar bin khattab would see how
people would fear him he would say, “O Allaah you know that I fear You more than they fear me”. Umar
bin khattab was so concerned with the welfare of his people. He told one of his employees:
[TS 24:51] ‫ ب‬+0   ®‫! د=ة ا‬%9‫ و‬0‫ = ا‬O 2 e‫
ه ا‬
O Hani! Be soft with the Muslims and beware of the Dua’ of a oppressed because Allaah will accept it
and he said,
‫ ه‬R*J 9 ‫ ان‬Y‫& وان رب 
 وا‬# ‫*  ا! زرع و‬2
‫ ه‬R*J 9 ‫ ن   ان‬8= (‫وإ
ي و* ا( =ف وا‬
[TS 25:30] 1F8‫ وا‬Q‫ه‬P‫ ا ا‬7= ‫ا‬0
‫ ا‬-'‫ ا(   و‬: ‫ رآ ا‬9 ‫ل
ا  ا\  ا‬% 7( 9¯

Umar bin khattab took over some pasture land this pasture land belonged to some tribes (some Arab
Tribes) but he took it over why? Because he wanted to be a common pasture land for everyone. And he
would have the camel and horses of Jihad also feed from that pasture land. So he told his servant and I
want you to make sure that the Camels of Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf and the Camels of Uthman ibn 'Affan
do not feed from that pasture land because if there camels die they have something to fall back on. They
have farms that will be enough for them but the poor men who has one camel or one sheep if there cattle
die then they are going to come to me with their children and say woe to yo! Who do you want me to
leave these children to? Who will take care of these children and it is easier for me to provide them with
grass and water then for me to provide them with gold and silver. What umar is saying is, this land it is
easier for me to provide them with pasture land and with water, why? If you prevent them from this
pasture land from this grass and water their cattle would die and then will come and ask me for gold and
silver to feed their children and it is easier for me to have their cattle graze than to have me to take care of
their children. And he is saying keep the camels of Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf and Uthman ibn 'Affan away
because these were the millionaires. They can go back to their farm lands, so don't let them use this
common pasture land. Allaah 'Azza wajal has blessed the wealth of Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf and Uthman
ibn 'Affan so much Subhan Allaah. Ya'ni Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf comes from Mecca to Madinah broke,
he has nothing and then he was put into brotherhood [, 1 ] Akhuwah between Muhajireen and Ansar
him and Sa'd ibn 'badah. So Sa'd ibn 'badah told him O Abdur Rahman! I have two wives and I am

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

wealthy businessman, I will give you half of my wealth and you choose whichever of my two wives you
want I will divorce her and you can marry her (amazing sacrifice!). Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf said,
  2   
May Allaah bless your wives and your wealth. I donnot need either. All that I want from you is to show
me market place of Madinah.
; % ' <    '
Where is the market place? Gives him the directions and Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf starts from the scratch.
A short while later RasulAllaah    
sees Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf. In those days
women would use this yellow powder for a make-up. In arabic its called a horud ['] [I don't remember
the translation of it in English] its actually a spice but its yellowish in color. And they would use it as
make-up. So RasulAllaah    
sees Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf with this make-up on
his face, its not for me, this is for woman. So RasulAllaah    
tells him whats this on
your face? Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf said, I got married. You know like a lipstick proof, so he had that
make-up on his face so RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 asked him what is this he said, I got married. So he
said, what did you pay as a Mahr [ ]? Because Abdur Rahman came broke, he had nothing.
RasulAllaah wanted to get to know how did he married? He said, yes I had paid her Mahr. This amount
of gold. He already made enough money that he was giving Mahr in gold. So he was a man, who could
put his hand on rocks they would turn into gold, blessed Allaah subhanahu wata'ala has blessed the Rizq
of Abdur Rahman ibn 'Awf and so was the case with Uthman ibn 'Affan. So umar is saying keep their
camles away Allaah has blessed their wealth don't worry about them. And then umar ibn khattab said, and
he is talking about this poor man, who would come with his goat and camel and he said,
[TS 30:14] ‫م‬-:‫ و اا =  ا‬1‫ا =  ا ه‬9 / ‫ده‬-( : ‫ ا‬+ ‫
ون؛ ا‬: ‫وا
ا>؟ ا
ون‬
In the name of Allaah they think I have oppressed them, this was their land, they fought over this land in
times of Jahiliyah and when they became Muslim they became Muslim over this land and now I have
took away from them and in the name of Allaah if it wasn't because of the money that I am getting for it
to send out the armies to fight in the path of Allaah Azza wajal I wouldn't have taken an inch of their
land. If it wasn't because I want to send out the armies (>‫ ) & ا‬I wouldn't have taken away that land. It
belongs to them. This shows you the importance of that umar is placing on (>‫ د  & ا‬2). He was
investing for that. Umar bin khattab would teach the leaders lessons.
Umar received a complaint from the people in Mecca that Abu Sufyaan is building a house and he is
preventing the passage of water to come to us. So umar goes to him, this is in Mecca and Abu Sufyaan is
standing there and they are building this house for him. So umar bin khattab with his stick he points to
this rock and he says, take away that rock, so he takes away, take this one away, take this one, take this
one, take this one, and Abu Sufyaan is bending down and taking it away and then umar ibn khattab said,
[TS 31:56] > 5‫ ›*ا ؛ ا‬1' ›( ‫ ن‬8 !(‫*& =
¯  ا‬2 ‫ي‬P‫ > ا‬5‫ا‬
Who put umar in a position to give orders to Abu Sufyaan in Mecca and Abu Sufyaan obeys him. Abu
Sufyaan at one point of time was a leader of Mecca. The indisputable leader of Mecca. He was the leader
of the armies of against RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 he comes from the noble family of Banu Umayyah.
And umar bin khattab was Umayr/Umair he comes from a small clane of Banu Odaey. He couldn't have
dreamt of becoming one day a leader and now umar is giving instructions to Abu Sufyaan. Do this do
that. He said, Alhamdulillah who put me in this position to bring justice.
Oyainah bin Hassan again, this man, this Bedouin leader. He was sitting with umar bin khattab and there
was a commoner, a lay man, poor man, bedouin sitting there and he is talking so Oyainah makes fun of
him and ridicules that man. So the man starts responding back, Oyainah cuts him off and says who are
you to talk to me in such manner? Umar ibn khattab interrupted Oyainah and said, "you need to be
humble in Islam and in the name of Allaah I am not going to allow you out until this man makes Shafa'a
for you". You going to have to please him and make him appeal for you so that I will be please with you.
Now Oyainah has to beg this man for forgiveness and ask him to make an appeal for him with umar bin
khattab. He said you need to be humble in Islam, don't have this pride, don't be arrogant you are Muslim
now. Throw this arrogance away.
Some of the amr bil ma'ruf wa nehya 'nil munkar (17 ‫  ا‬B96‫ )ا 
 (وف و‬of umar bin khattab:
Umar bin khattab saw a man and woman talking (it was at night) talking in the public in street of
Madinah. He came with a stick and hit the man. So the man said, what did I do wrong? So umar bin
khattab said, why are you talking with this woman in the street? The man said, this is my wife. Umar bin
khattab said, you shouldn't be talking to her like that when there is no body around because this will
going to make people slander you. She is in hijab people can not see her they don't know who she is. So,
people are going to slander you. Yes she might be your wife, and you have absolutely right to talk to her
where ever you want however, it will going to cause people to slander you. A few things that could be ….
Let me continue then we will talk about the lessons. So the man said, O Ameerul Mo'mineen! We just
arrived to Madinah (these are foreigners) and we were discussing where to stay? Umar bin khattab gave

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

him the stick and said, hit me. Hit me back. The man said, I won't, he said hit me back three times and the
man said, no, I forgive you.
1. we shouldn't put overselves in such position that would give people an excuse to talk about us. It
is absolutely fine for him to do that. RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 once it was night and he was
speaking to Saffiyah his wife and there was no body around. So two Sahaaba were passing by
and RasulAllaah stopped them and he said, come here, this is my wife Saffiyah. They said, O
messenger of Allaah we wouldn't have any doubts in you. RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 said, I
don’t want shaytan to come to you. So Shaytan plays games. A person could be absolutely
innocent but because you see them in certain posture, place, condition, you become suspicious,
shaytan comes to you and builds up. Builds up a scenerio and then you go on to tell it to some
body and they add some salt and pepper to it. And then it goes to the next person and they load it
with spices. And then it goes to the next person and suddenly the story is blown out of
proportion. (Chinese whisper). That’s a game of Shaytan. It is wrong for the people to slander
you. It is wrong. Umar bin khattab was not saying that the people have the right to make a
Gheebah but umar bin khattab is saying, these are people. People are people and they are going
to commit these sins don't put yourself in that situation.
2. the second thing, look at the innocence and the purity of Madinah (Allaah) what if umar bin
khattab would see for example london underground and how people behave that as if they are
the private bedroom. (> ( ‫ )ا=ذ‬umar bin khattab saw a man talking to a woman in the street and
he didn't like that. We have become desensitized. You know we see the haram and it doesn't
effect us anymore. Umar didn't like what he saw. We see all of this haram around us. Billboards,
tv, newspapers, you see it on the streets, and it will going to get worse, RasulAllaah 7= >‫! ا‬6
‫ و‬says, "that a time will come when the man and woman would commit a Zinah (‫ )ز ء‬on the
street and the best of people would be the one to tell them would you please move a side". Not
telling them to stop the haram but just move a side. These are the times of Fitan but it is not that
much different in some western countries. And Subhan Allaah its leading a bad effect on us. We
ask Allaah 'Azza wajal to pure our hearts from this Fahisha and to keep us away from the
fitnah" (ameen)
umar bin khattab saw a man begging and he had some sacks of food hanging to his shoulders. Umar
bin khattab grab the food and he gave it to the camel of Saddaqah and said, go and beg if you want.
You are begging and you already have food with you? Why are you begging? Takes it away from
him. So next time you see the begger take that plate with all the coins in it and tell them to beg not,
don't do that.
Umar bin khattab saw a man walking lazily with pride. His hands and feet are swinging around. I can
of may imagine like rappers with walk. Umar bin khattab he uses his Durrah (‫)درأ‬. He said, stop
walking like that. The man said, I can't. he said you can't? teaches him a second lesson, so he
changes the way he walks and then he came back and he said, Alhamdulillah umar, that was a
shaytan that has left me. He said, I changed my ways.
Umar bin khattab saw another man who was pretending to be a good Muslim. Pretending to be a
'Aabid ( ( =). You know some people, they could be full of energy, explossive, active, hyper active,
when they are not practicing. Street boys, and then they start practicing Islam, how they get into
some brands of Islam, they teach them that they need to be passive. You need to cool down. So they
start dressing differently, and when they walk, they walk as if they are dead. Like Zombees coming
out of graves and they dangle their hands and their eyes become very dizzy and they talk softly and
when they come and give you salam and they bend over and fall down and they become very very
very soft and they think that, that is Zuhd ( ‫)زه‬. So woman saw such men after the times of umar,
when umar already passed away. She said, who are these? They said, these are from (+ ) [TS 40:25]
these were walking like this and dressed in different clothes walking down the streets lazily. She
said, these are Nustaq these are people devoted themselves to worshipping Allaah. She said, no they
are not. The real Nasik ( ) was umar bin khattab. And umar when he would walk he would walk
fast and when he would talk you would definitely hear him and when he strikes he strikes hard. Umar
bin khattab actually in his life time he saw one of these men, walking down the street. Umar bin
khattab he didn't even talk to him he went straight up to him started beating him and said,
[TS 41:07] >‫ ا‬9 ‫ = د
 ا‬R9 :
Do not make a religion dead may Allaah give you death. You are killing our religion, you are making
our religion a religion of passiveness, religion of laziness. What is this way of walking? You know
pretending to be humble.
Umar bin khattab wanted this ummah to be strong. He wanted the ummah to be an ummah of fighters
(>‫ ) & ا‬the people who would spread the religion (&2‫و‬N= >‫) & ا‬. Didn't want to deal with

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

people who are chicken, who are weak, who are feeble, he wanted a strong ummah and that is the
teaching of Islam.
[TS 41:47] G*F‫ ا! ا> ا\ ا‬QO‫ي ا ا‬%‫ا\ ا‬
The strong believer is better in the eyes of Allaah then the weak believer. So this is a religion of
strength. Allaah 'Azza wajal tells Bani Israel:
‫ة‬%( '9X ‫وا‬P
"Take what we have given you with strength". And Allaah 'Azza wajal tells Yahya (‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= !5
)
‫ة‬%( ‫ ب‬+'‫ ا‬P !5

Take what we have given you (al-kitab) with strength. So this is not a religion of weakness. Umar bin
khattab would encourage exercise and he didn't like obesity. He was against obesity. Infect he said,
[TS 42:29] ‫ = ا›* م‬7›‫ا
 ا س
آ ا‬
O people beware of over eating.
[TS 42:36] ‫ = اة‬10'  
Because it makes you lazy in your Salah.
[TS 42:39] 0‫ ا‬U 08
It makes your body weak.
[TS 42:42] %0‫و رث =! ا‬
And it makes you un healthy.
[TS 42:50]  ‫ص ا‬5‫ ا‬±Y
>‫وان ا‬
And Allaah dislikes the obese man.
[TS 42:56] '9/  % ( '= '‫و‬
And you should be modest in your food.
[TS 43:04] ‫ف‬0‫ اد! اة و (* = ا‬7 
Because that is closer to righteousness and further from access.
&2‫و‬N= >‫ي =! = د ة ا‬/‫وا‬
And it makes you stronger in worshipping Allaah 'Azza wajal.
[TS 43:16] 7
‫ =! د‬79‫ا‬J ‫ة‬8*
+O = 
‫و‬
And you will perish when your desires become more likable to you then Allaah 'Azza wajal or your
religion. When your desires become dearer to you then your religion that is when you will perish. When
we talk about obesity we are talking about obesity caused by over eating not by health reasons. Some
people genetically have that. This is not talking about that. We don’t want any body to assume that
because Allaah created them like that Allaah does not like them. This is talking about obesity that is
caused by over eating and that is unhealthy. If you are over weight even if it is caused by genetic reasons
try to loose weight. Try to loose weight and exercise.
Umar bin khattab saw a man with a big belly. You know they say that (don't take this saying for granted)
the sign of dignity and wisdom are three: the moustuche, the bold head and a big belly. Obviously that’s
not true. Say that you need to have a belly as big as when you have to scratch it you have to send your
hand as far as you can. That’s a big belly. In our old books in al-mustadraf [‫ رف‬+0‫ ]ا‬it says that they
asked a beduin when do you know that you are full? When you do you know that you have eaten enough?
He said, when I can't tell the difference between the heavens and earth and I can't tell the difference
between nafl (&8) and fard (‫ )ض‬and I cannot tell the difference between length and height that is when I
had enough food.
‫ض‬8‫& ا‬8‫ل ا*ض وا‬f‫رض و‬:‫ء و ا‬40‫ اق ( ا‬: O
So, a man came to umar and he had a big belly, umar bin khattab told him what is this? He said, this is
barakah min Allaah:
>‫ ا‬1‫(آ‬
This is a blessings from Allaah, umar bin khattab said, no it’s a punishment from Allaah. This is not a
blessing this a punishment. What are you doing dragging that thing in front of you? So, try to exercise
brothers. Umar bin khattab says, that:
[TS 45:56] &#‫ ا‬Q‫ ح ور
ورآ‬0‫دآ ا‬:‫= او‬
Teach your children swimming (and Subhan Allaah swimming is the best exercise for tonning your
muscles) swimming, target shooting and riding horses. Umar bin khattab by the way he had some
amazing teachings. He sent a letter to the Sahaaba up north in Azerbaijan (southwestern Asia in the
former Soviet Union). He got a sense that may be they are getting into comfortable life. Umar bin khattab
was developing, no he was not developing he was carrying on the military tradition that was started by
RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 men are suppose to be soldiers and live a military life. That was the life of
Sahaaba = >‫ ا‬e‫ ر‬it wasn't a civilian life. It was a life a soldier, a life of a military. Umar bin khattab
was getting a sense that may be some of them are settling down to civilian life. They were leaving the life
of Murabiteen [ ›(‫ ] ا‬so umar sends them a letter. He says,
‫ا‬J@‫إ‬

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Be rough and tough and follow the way of your father


‫* دوا‬9‫و‬
Follow the way of your forefathers. Their forefathers even though they were living in the time of
Jahiliyah but they were the men of dessert and wear clothes of your father Ismael (‫م‬-0‫ ا‬7= &*‫ )ا‬the
Izar and stay away from the clothes of al-'ajam, stay away from the clothes of non-Arabs. The non-Arabs
in those days were the people of the civilization Roman and Persian Empires. So they have very
comfortable, expenssive, luxurious clothes. While Arabs were the poor people of the world they came
from the desert. He said, stay away from the clothes of the non-Muslims and wear that clothes of your
fathers and then he said, and I want you to go with bare top. They use to have two pieces of Izar one to
cover the top and one to cover the bottom. He said, go with the bare top. Take the one on the top off. And
I want you to walk bare foot. Take your shoes off and walk bare foot and
‫ م ا*ب‬O ‫=' ( @¬  ن‬
And stand under the sun because it is bathing of the Arabs and he said,
[TS 48:31] ‫اف‬L:‫و*ا ( ا‬
And I want you to walk fast and run between the targets. In those days the target shooting practice, the
Archery. They would set two targets, alright! They would stand next to the first target and they would
shoot their arrows at this target and then they would walk to the second target pick up their arrows and
shoot the first target. Umar bin khattab said, I want you to walk fast between the targets. Not only are you
training but I also want you to exercise walk fast. So Hudhaifah bin Yaman he would run and then he
said, and I want you to jump on the horse while the horses are running. These are lessons that he is
sending it to his Military Generals. The generals with the stars who tends to develope big belly this is
how I want you to live.
• When he says, you walk bare foot, it doesn't mean that you walk bare foot all the time but
sometimes to get that training.
• To not always be under the shade, go under the sun. you are already dark you will going to
become darker that’s alright. You don’t have to be the most! You will get married don't worry
you will find a wife. Its alright. Maybe the sister won't believe us but some times brothers would
intentionally stay indoors so that they don't develop a tane. Stand under the sun because it is
humaam al-Arab (‫ م ا*ب‬O) this is the bath of Arabs. You know other have thses luxurious
baths, the Greek, the Roman. Umar bin khattab is saying our bath is in sun.These were the strict
orders to keep the military tradition alive. So he wanted them to be active.

Umar bin khattab was told about a man of strength strong man who helps against the enemies of Allaah
'Azza wajal but he had a problem. He used to be an alcoholic a Muslim in times of umar bin khattab
fighting (>‫) & ا‬, loves Islam but he is addicted to alcohol. So they came to the Khalifah and said,
what should we do? He said, give me the pen and paper. Means with his own hands he writes a letter to
him. He says, umar bin khattab to so and so, peace be upon you
= ‫م‬-
I praise Allaah to you that there is no god but He and then he writes down to him frist three ayats of
Surah Ghafir.
*‫ ا‬N
N*‫ ب ا> ا‬+'‫
& ا‬N9 O
The revelation of this book is from Allaah Exalted in Power full of knowledge.
‫ ا‬7‫ ا> ه ا‬:‫ ا‬7‫ ا‬: ‫ل‬f ‫ ب ذي‬%*‫
ا‬J ‫ب‬+‫ (& ا‬/ ‫ و‬QP‫  ا‬L
Who forgives sins, accept repentance is strict in punishment and has a long reach in all things there is no
god but He to Him is the final goal. So the man reads these ayaat, the ayaat are saying Allaah is forgiving
and it also says that Allaah has a sever punishment.
Umar bin khattab gave this letter and said, make sure that when you deliver it to him he is sober because
he was drunk most of the times. Make sure when you deliver it to him he is sober. so they go to him and
they gave him the letter and he reads it and he says, (‫)ا> اآ‬. Allaah is forgiving Allaah is merciful but
Allaah's punishment is sever and he cries and he makes Tawbah. When umar bin khattab wrote the letter
he asked everyone present to make dua' for that man and Allaah Azza wajal accepted their dua and he
repented. When the news was brought back to umar bin khattab radhiAllahu 'anhu he said,
[TS 52:47] 7= f @ ‫'ا =ان‬9 :‫ و‬7=‫ ود‬U‫  د‬1‫ آ ذ‬O‫ ا‬+
‫ ء اذا را‬h ‫ا‬P'‫ه‬
He said, this is how you treat one of you when they make a mistake and you should make a dua for them
and you should not assist shaytan against them. "Don't Assist Shaytan Against Your Brothers". By
boycotting them, by being harsh against them, you are only turning them away from Islam. And I think
that and I am going to close it with this, I think that this is very important story for the Muslims in the
West. There are Muslims who are on drugs. There are Muslims who drink. There are Muslims who
commit Zina. Some of them want to get out of it and they are sincere but they are stuck because of the
addiction it takes them over and they are unable to break it free. If you are harsh with them you are only

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

make it worse, you have to lend them a helping hand. And you have to be accomodating and don't be
idealistic. Don't say that because this is haraam, these are Fusaaq, these are sinners, these are corrupt keep
them away from our Masajid, stay away from them, don't talk to them, if you don't then shaytan will talk
to them. So hold your brothers and sisters by the hand and deliver them out of their misery. They don't
like it, many of them don't. who love! Who would love drugs? When they know how it messes up their
lives. How it takes them out of the humanity, who would love to live like that? But you need to help
them. We are talking about the time of Sahaaba and they were understanding, they were understanding
and that is "The Best Generation". They weren't idealistic, they didn't say that this man should be
punished and throw him in jail, boycott him, no. he said, lets help him. We ask Allaah Azza wajal to help
us all, we ask Allaah Azza wajal to grant us Tawbah, to accept our deeds, to forgive us, to reward us with
Jannah, we seek refuge in Him from Hellfire [ameen].
‫ 
آ*ا‬, ‫
 و ا و  و‬6   ‫ ا‬
24 ‫ال‬J1430 October 13, 2009

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

  

   
Umar Ibn Khattab radhiAllahu anhu

His Life & Times


PART 09
Enjoing Good & Forbidding Evil

Lecture series by Imam Anwar Al-Awlaki


[May Allaah preserve him]

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

! J
#M : ;!0 : NG2

OPQ !-) !2: 5RS: !
/!0: KT K2 /!0 NG-
: FG?
: HI
 J KL

We will start with Umar bin khattab and how he would deal with innovations in religion ()
and this is still relating to Umar bin khattab and the society. Basically we will spend a lot of
time talking about the Khilafah of Umar bin khattab how he approaches the society and how he
dealt with them and then after that we will talk about the Ghazawat that occurred in the time of
Umar and that would be the end of these sessions. Towards the end of the sessions we will talk
about the Ghazawat.
The people of Egypt went to Umro bin ‘Aas (
 ) their Governor. He was appointed
governor over them by Umar bin Khattab. So, they went to Umro bin al-‘Aas and they said, this
river the Nile does not flow unless we sacrifice for it. He said, every year we have a young lady,
we would go to her father and take her from him and we give him back some money and we
would put the best clothes on her and the best jewellery and then we would throw her into the
river. These are tradition of Shirk () that existed in Egypt and they believed that it makes the
river flow. So they sacrificed this poor woman for the river and it makes it flow. Umro bin al-
‘Aas said, “Islam erases everything before it and you are not allowed to practice such traditions
as Muslims.” So, he issue the ban on such a practice. Subhan Allaah it was a Qadr () of
Allaah a test. That the water level went down. So, everybody started to saying, see because we
didn’t sacrifice this woman the river is not flowing and Umro bin ‘Aas insisted on such
prevention and ban and it got so bad the water level went so low that the people were about to
move, they were about to evacuate because people in Egypt their life line is the Nile River.
Egypt doesn’t receive suffient rain for agriculture. So it is the life line for the people. That is
how they lived. So Umro bin ‘Aas sends a letter to Ameerul Mo’mineen, he said, this is the
tradition that they had and I banned it and I told them that it is in Islam it is Haaram, so Umar
bin Khattab sends him a letter back. He said, what you have done is the right thing and I am
sending along with this letter a card or piece of paper and I want you to throw it in the river. In
that card Umar bin Khattab wrote:
         ! " #  
From the servant of Allaah the Ameer of al-Mo’mineen Umar bin Khattab to the Nile of the
people of Egypt. He is writing the river a letter.
$%  &' ( )% *+ )% $,-  . *+ &/ 0
If you are running of your own accord then stop running because we don’t need you anymore.
$41 0 ' 5 # 67% $41 *2 3 # # . *+ &/ 0
And if you are running because Allaah ‘&³³2‫ّو‬N=is the one making you run and flow then we ask
Allaah ‘&³³2‫ّو‬N=to make you flow. Umaro bin ‘Aas takes this card and he throws it into the Nile
River within one day the Nile River went up sixteen dirar (dirar – unit of measurement of
increase or decrease of water level – wallahu ‘Alam.), within one day. Receiving a letter from
Ameerul Mo’mineen it went up sixteen dirar. So, apprently, umar bin khattab was not only the
‘Ameer of Mo’mineen who was the Ameer of the Rivers and this story was mentioned by Ibn
Kathir (rahimahullah) in (7
‫ و ا‬7
‫( )ا ا‬Trials and Tribulation in the End of times.) so umar
bin khattab stopped this evil tradtion of sacrifice for the religion Shirk in Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=he made
it Haraam.
Umar bin khattab when he kissed the black stone he said,
$;,-  $,4 8,< =, # >,? # @3< &4 A 9 3 BC 9 DEC 9 F( $ 8, 9 :
I know that you are rock that cannot harm or benefit and if it wasn’t for RasulAllaah =, # >,?
8,< kissing you I wouldn’t have done so. At-Tabri says, the reason why umar bin khattab made
such a statement is because people were new to Islam and they were close to Jahiliyah so he
wanted to make sure that people will not revert back to the habbits of Jahiliyah when a rock or a
stone is being kissed so he wanted to make sure that they understand the reason why he is doing
that? Ibn Hajar he comments on this because this statement of umar is in Bukhari (* G HI?)
ibn Hajar said, “and this presents to us very important principle and that is the fact that we

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

submit to Allaah ‘&³³2‫ّو‬N= and we follow the way of RasulAllaah 8,< =, # >,? and the
Sunnah of RasulAllaah 8,< =, # >,? even if we don’t understand the wisdom behind it.” Umar
bin khattab is saying, you are a stone you don’t harm you don’t benefit and the reason why I am
kissing you is not because why I should be doing that it is because RasulAllaah 8,< =, # >,?
did that so you do it and you ask the questions later. If you want to know the hikmah (JK) you
are more then welcome to go and search for the hikmah but you need to do it even though you
don’t know the wisdom behind it and that is the ultimate level of submission. You submit to
Allaah ‘&³³2‫ّو‬N= even if you something does not make a sense to you even if you don’t
understand it, even if you don’t feel like it, even if you don’t like it, you do it because Allaah
wants you do it and because RasulAllaah 8,< =, # >,? did it. Infact, a lot of things are done in
Hajj (LK) are done without knowing the wisdom behind them and may be this is the reason why
Hajj is so special because really Hajj is the ultimate level of submiting to Allaah Azza wajal.
You are doing things and you don’t know the Hikmah behind them but you do them because
RasulAllaah 8,< =, # >,? did them and Ibrahim M)7 =, did before him. Going around a
building, seven times, why you are going around the Ka’ba? You know now we might have
these wonderful explainations that you go around in counter clock wise and that’s really the
direction every planets revolves it is counter clock wise which is true. You would find all of the
movements in universe are counter clock wise the only one who got it wrong is who made the
watch. They made it clock wise. While to be in harmony with the rest of the universe it should
be going counter clock wise. And that shows you that the fitrah is messed up even by the one
who made the watch. If it was a Muslim who made the watch they would have made it in the
right direction. But everything in the universe is going counter clock wise and that is the
direction you go in al-Ka’ba you go counter clock wise. But how come you do it seven times?
And by the way with this explaination Sahaaba didn’t know it. Sahaaba didn’t know that the
planets go counter clock wise they did it because RasulAllaah 8,< =, # >,? did it. How come
seven times? How come its not ten or six? How come seven? You are running up and down
Saffa wal Marwa (N ! E) just because Hajrah =)7 =, did it. Why is ‘arafah (=%
) the
greatest day? Why ‘Arafah, ‘arafah is a waste land. Its an empty piece of land and that is the
greatest day of Hajj, and we are just standing in land? Over land, its just like any other piece of
land. No different. Whats special about Mina? Whats so special about Muzdalifah? Everything
that you do in Hajj you doing it why? Just because Allaah told me to do so because RasulAllaah
‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 did so. RasulAllaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 was telling the Sahaaba:
[TS 09:54] (M)7 =,) 8  O 8J  P  P >, 8J % 8/  >, 3E-
Follow me in these rituals because you are following the way of your father Ibarahim (M)7 =,) ,
this is the inheretance that Ibrahim (M)7 =,) left behind. Kissing the black stone same thing, so
whats the hikhmah behind kissing the black stone? It is following, it is submission. Submission
that is what its about. Submitting to Allaah subhanahu wata'ala doing it because Allaah
subhanahu wata'ala wants you to do it. Umar ibn Khattab was very aware of the tendancies of
the humans to go astray and that’s why Islam is strict when it comes to following the right way.
And you know sometimes brothers would complain when they hear the word Bid’a ( ) and
you are saying everything is bid’a and that is bid’a and this is bid’a – no leave us alone. Stop
telling us that everything is bid’a everything is bid’a bid’a bid’a bid’a……..
The thing is Islam doesn’t want to make things hard on you and say that everything is bid’a
don’t do this don’t do that but there is a hikmah in these restrictions because Shaytan is always
there and Shaytan wants you to go astray and all what Shaytan needs in the bigining is for you
to deviate in a very small angle even if it is one degree. If you have a straight line and then he
makes you deviate from that straight line one degree. Now in the bigining if you draw a line
with an angle of one degree coming out of other line you know you could barely distinguish the
two. They are so close together that angle is so miniscule but keep on going and following that
line it will go farther and farther and farther and farther and farther unil they are miles apart. So
Shaytan starts by getting you one step away from the straight path and then it just builds up
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

from there. The way Shaytan got people into idol worshipping, the people were believers after
Noah (M)7 =,). They followed the message of Noah (M)7 =,) everybody else died so the
believers remaind. When the righteous among them died Shaytan came to them and said, why
don’t you erect statues to remind you of as-Saliheen? Because remembering as-Saliheen is good
for you. So why don’t you have a statue for this righteous man so that you will do good. You
will see that statue and you will remember this good man so they liked the idea. It’s a good
idea. They had these statues to remind them about these pious men of the past. And then slowly
and slowly Shaytan started changing their minds into asking these statues. These are righteous
men ask them does things for you and then from there he turned them to idols that were
worshipped. Dieties worshipped besides Allaah subhanahu wata'ala. Know may be the process
took centuries but he was doing it slowly but surely. So, Islam to close all of those gates placed
these restrictions and Umar bin khattab wanted to make sure that no deviations would happen
during his reign.
So for example, there was a shajarat ridhwan (03S NFT)/shajaratu ridhwan is a cedar tree
(alout tree) where RasulAllah sallalahu 'alaihe wasallam sat under this tree and he took the
pledge of allegiance from the Sahaabah to fight and the background behind that story was that
RasulAllah sallalahu 'alaihe wasallam wanted to make Umrah and then he was prevented by the
people of Quraysh. So, RasulAllah sallalahu 'alaihe wasallam sent a delegation Uthman ibn
Affan. So, Uthman ibn Affan he went to Mecca to meet with the leaders of Mecca but what
happened is he was late in coming back. So, there was a rumour that went around that the
people of Quraysh killed Uthman = 
C # US. So, RasulAllah sallalahu 'alaihe wasallam
gathers the Sahabah and said, pledge an allegiance to me. What was the pledge?
[TS 14:00] V3! >,
4 C 3 -
We pledge to die. We going to avenge for the death of Uthman ibn Affan and they pledged to
die. Later on it was discovered that this was a false rumour but that was very imporant point in
the history of Islam and it is called Bay’atu Ridhwan (‫ان‬e‫ ا‬1*() “The Pledge of Ridhwan”.
Why is it called ridhwan? Ridhwan means pleasure, because Allaah subhanahu wata'ala was
pleased with that bay’ah. Allaah subhanahu wata'ala was pleased with the ones who gave the
bay’ah and Allaah subhanahu wata'ala mentions that in the Qur’an in suratul fatih:
NF &W $3
4 4 X  !  # US 
Allaah subhanahu wata'ala is pleased with the ones who gave the pledge of allegiance under
the tree.
And this tree was the tree of Ridhwan. In the time of Umar bin khattab this tree was now
becoming a relic of the past. So, people were starting to visit it and they would pray next to it to
get barakah from this special location. So, it is an important historical site for Islam. This is
were the pledge happened, it is very imporatnt historical site. What does umar bin khattab do?
He cuts it down. He cuts down the tree. Now you might be very upset because of that because
you may want to visit that tree and to see it yourself where Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? was and
where he sat, where the Sahaabah were but Umar bin Khattab didn’t like that so he cut the tree
down. Why? Because umbar bin khattab radhi ‘allahu anhu didn’t want this tree to turn into an
object of worship. He didn’t want this tree to be an object of barakah, people going and seeking
barakah from this tree. It’s a tree it doesn’t benefit, it doesn’t harm even if Rasul Allaah # >,?
8,< =, sat under that tree it doesn’t make a difference, I am going to cut it down. Umar bin
khattab was farthest being sentimental person. Umbar bin khattab, his logic and his common
sense and mind would take over his emotions. The Sahaabah would have great emotions to this
location because they were there. They were the ones who gave bay’ah to Rasul Allaah # >,?
8,< =, umar was one of them. So they must have extremely strong emotional attachment to that
location. It brings back the wonderful memory of bait ar-Ridwan but umar bin khattab would
not think about that. He is thinking about the implications, he is thinking about the future, so he
cuts down the tree.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

In another incident, he saw men prayering in a particular location. They were prayering. He
said, how come you are praying here? He said, Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? prayed here. He said,
if it’s a time for salah pray anywhere other wise you leave. And then he said, what has
destroyed the people before you is that when they have taken the places of their Anbiya as their
places of worship. The place where the Nabi prayers or place where Nabi dies they take the
place as a worhip. He said, that destroyed them.
With the grave of Daniyal. Daniyal – Daniel in the Bible is a Prophet that is not mentioned in
the Qur’an and is not mentioned in Sunnah. We don’t have any textual reference that Daniyal is
prophet. In Arabic it is refered to as Daniyal. However, in the Bible Daneil is a prophet and
there is a book of Daneil it talks about the events of end of time. The ahadith of fitan, the
Christians are atributed to Daneil. His grave or what the people claimed to be his grave was
uncovered. And what made the Muslims think that Daniyal is actually a Nabi is when they saw
that the earth has not effected his body. The Muslim opened the land of Tastur in the time of
umar bin khattab and that is when the flood uncovered the grave of Daniel. And they saw his
body intact with no scratches at all. And we know that Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? said,
[TS 18:41] Y  Z 7' /.C 0 [9 M( # 0
Allaah has prevented the earth from eating the bodies of the prophets (Anbiya). So
they said, most likely this man was a prophet because he had died hundreds of year
ago and his body is still intact. So now they have to reburry him. Umar bin khattab
sends a letter, see umar is thinking about the implications of that. Umar bin khattab
radhi allaahu anhu sends a letter and he said, during day time I want you to dig thirteen
graves in different areas and then under the cover of darnkess you go and burry the
body of Daniyal without any body seeing you and you cover up all the graves at once.
Why umar bin khattab do that? So he would confuse the people they would not know
which one is his grave. Dig thirteen graves during the day time so people know the
location. At night you burry him, you cover up all the graves people now don’t know
which one is the grave of Daniyal. Why? Because he didn’t want that grave to be
worshiped.

With khalid ibn waleed, umar bin khattab he fires khalid ibn waleed. That’s one of the
first orders of the al-Khalifah. Khalid ibn waleed relinquihes all of his authorities as a
military leader and he immediately and suddenly turns into becoming a regular soldier.
So the people were wondering why did the khalifah do that? I mean, khalid bin waleed
such an impressive leader. Khalid bin waleed dear brothers and sisters, never in his
life ever he never lost a battle in Islam and in Jahiliyah. Every battle that he lead in
Islam or before Islam he won. He never lost and he had skills and we talked about
some of these when we were talking about Abu Bakr as-siddique radhi allahu anhu. He
was like a storm and they would say:
[TS 21:09] M 4 ( ;4 9 M 4 9

He would not sleep and would not anybody other to sleep. He would not himself sleep
and he would not leave friend or foe sleep. And it was like a hurricane. And he had
such a swift movement from one battle ground to another that he drives his enemy
crazy. They try to plan him out khalid bin waleed is here okey lets plan suddenly he is
somewhere else. They plan suddenly he is somewhere else. So he just drove them
crazy. Infact he was, when the Muslims were sending urgent messages to umar bin
khattab to abu bakr to send re-enforcements to as-Sham. Abu Bakr sends a letter to
khalid ibn waleed who was in Iraq and told him to go and rescue the Muslims in ash-
Sham. Now the Roman had protection, they had garrisons all over the known routes
between al-Iraq and ash-Sham. Suddenly out of no where Khalid bin waleed radhi
allahu anhu and the Muslim army show up in the middle of ash-Sham. The Roman
said, where did he come from? All of the roads are protected with the garrisons. Khalid
bin waleed travelled through desert land which was never ever travelled before him. It

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

was the first time ever an army has crossed that desert and he suddenly lands right in
the center of ash-Sham by passing all of the Roman security points. And now umar bin
khattab fires him, so umar bin khattab said,
[TS 22:57] Y O 3 # 0 3,
4 0 &( % = 3;% \  J  ] 9 ^G< 0 3   ] @5 _ :
I didn’t not fire khalid ibn waleed radhi allahu anhu because I am angry with him or because of
betrayal of trust of responsibility but the reason was that people that he was becoming a fitnah
for the people and I wanted the people to know that it is Allaah who gives victory. Khalid,
people were attributing victory to the person of khalid. It is khalid who is making us victories.
He s the one creating them. So umar said, he was turning into a fitnah for the people. They were
attributing that to him. When it should be attributed to Allaah Azza Wajal. So he wanted the
people to know that victory comes from Allaah and that victory will carry on even when
somebody else assumes responsibility and that was true. The Muslims carried on wining.
Umar bin khattab was fighting false ideas or assumptions. He saw some men who were
travelling from Yemen and again they are part of people which we said you know they don’t do
nothing just walk lazily so umar said, who are these? They said,
03,/3;! Y9 
These are the one who have tawakul alAllah, so they don’t work. These have tawakul
they don’t work. They have tawakul alAllah. Umar bin khattab went to them with the
“durrah” and he said,
03,/3;! 8 
They are the ones who are dependent “mutwaqil means dependent” the mutwaqil is the one who
plans his seed and then puts his trusts in Allaah. So you have to plant the seed first and then
after that you leave results to Allaah Azza wajal.
Umar bin khattab did not want to deal with the society bump [TS 25:11] he wanted the people
to work to be productive. A man came to umar bin khattab thinking that he is delivering some
good news to him. Said we came from al-Madayan delivering the good news to umar bin
khattab he said we opened al-Madayan , al-Madayan was the capital of Persia he said and we
found a book that has wonderful words. They found a book and it has so much wisdom in it.
Umar bin khattab said,
`3 #  ;/ 
Are these words are from the book of Allaah? He said, no. umar bin khattab started
beating him with the durrah by the way brothers don’t think that it’s a huge button or
stick cane that he is carring – it’s a small stick it’s a more of symbolic thing. Its not a
physical beating its of a symbolic nature. So he would actually tab people. I don’t want
you to get wrong impression also when I talk about umar being severe I don’t want you
going around being severe with people to re-inact what you think umar ibn khattab.
That was “shidah” [NT] in the right place. That was a toughness use in the right way in
the right place. Umar bin khattab assumed responsibility at a time when the ummah
needed that. In the time of Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? that would have been
inappropriate and that is why the personality of the Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? was soft
and compassionate. Because that was in time of Da’wah, people needed to be
attracted.
$3(  3BE9 a, b,c d% &/ 3
Allaah ‫ّو‬says, “if he was severe and hard natured people would have abandoned
you.” But Umar became Khalifah in times when dunya was opening up on the Muslims.
So there was a potential of a huge problem, Muslims being attached to dunya and their
hearts becoming greedy. So they needed somebody stern and firm to keep them on
the straight path.
So, Umar bin Khattab he was tapping this man with the durrah and he was reciting the
first ayaat of Surat Yousaf:
! =,-  &/ 0 0e 2 $ (  f g 7( $, g h 03,
C 8J,
   e- i 5  !  ;J V 4 $,C 
,% j

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Alif Laam Raa, says this book has a clrearist verses it is a Qur’an in Arabic for you to have
understanding and then it says that the best of the stories are in this book.
So why you have to go to another source, another book of wisdom? And then he told the man:
[TS 28:13] 8,
  k%  aX \Z l( m9 N3; C 8k;E/  8kn , =;/ >, - 8o 8J,- 0 /  $, p
He said, what destroyed the nations before you is that, they studied the books of their
scholars and they left the Torah and Anjeel (the Gospel) until the Torah and Anjeel
became part of the distant past. And that’s when these people perished.
And we find that a lot today among Muslims unfortunately, we are studying the sayings of the
scholars and the person doesn’t even know an ayaah of the Qur’an or Hadith from Rasul Allaah
8,< =, # >,? . and the excuse always is? A brother I don’t have the ‘ilm to study Qur’an and
Sunnah. It has to be done by a scholar. As if the book of Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=is encrypted and it needs
somebody to open up to crack up that encription. Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=has revealed the book that is
clear, Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=says that it’s a book that is clear. And Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=is saying:
q E- 3,- >, M 0e 0  ;4 )%
Don’t they contemplate on the meanings of Qur’an or are their hearts sealed?
This ayaah is talking to you. Its not just talking to the scholars, it is saying its just you need to
contemplate on the meanings of the Qur’an. If you are not scholar you are not allowed to make
Tafsir of Qur’an but you need to contemplate on its meanings. And these are two different
things. Contemplation and pondering is different then Tafsir. When you are making a Tafsir you
are deriving ahKaam (M J() rulings. You are saying that the Fiqh of Qur’an says that this what
should be done and this is what shouldn’t be done. That’s something that is left to the scholars
who have the ability and tools of Tafsir. But thinking about the meanings of the ayaat of Qur’an
contemplating on them applying them to yourself thinking about Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=thinking about
the afterlife that’s what Qur’an talks about. Thinking about the stories of the past that is
something everyone everyone is expected to do and if they don’t then Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=is saying
that your heart is sealed. Rasul Allaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 was speaking in unknown language?
What language did Rasul Allaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 speak? He was of the clearist of terms. Rasul
Allaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 would be understood by a Beduin who is illiterate. A simple man who
comes straight out of the desert he would understand what Rasul Allaah ‫ و‬7= >‫! ا‬6 was
saying. You won’t understand that?
What is standing between you and Qur’an and Hadith is Shaytan. That’s all. I am not saying
that we souldn’t be studying from the scholars and learn what they say because scholars are
needed to understand the Ahkaam. To know the Ahkaam to derive the rulings you need to study
under scholars. But to completely neglect Qur’an and Hadith and just to go and study the
opinions of scholars of fiqh and abandon the book of Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=and abandon Hadith is
exactly what Umar bin Khattab is saying. They followed their Rabbi they followed their preists
and they left the Torah and the Gospel. For example today among the Jews the Talmud is more
important then the Torah. And among the Christians for example within the Catholics the
statements of the pop are more important then what is in the Bible. The evidence the daleel (&‫د‬
) the guidance (‫ )ه ى‬is in the book of Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=and in the Hadith of Rasul Allaah >‫! ا‬6
‫ و‬7= plus this scholar you have no way of knowing for a fact whether he is on the right path
or not? But you can’t have doubts with the ayaat of Qur’an and the ahadith of Rasul Allaah >,?
8,< =, # I mean don’t think that everyone who is a scholar is a righteous person. There are
Munafiqeen among every rank of the Muslims among every profession. There are Muslim
doctors who are Munafiqeen there are Muslim engineers who are Munafiqeen and there are
Muslim Scholars who are Munafiqeen. Nobody has a protection from that and what happened
with the Jews and Christians that they were mislead and decieved by the ones who are supposed
to be the most learned among them. Every deviant sect in Islam didn’t founded by an ignorant
men by the way. Every deviant sect that existed was founded and promoted by scholars. Every
single one. There is not one of those seventy three sects of Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? said
Seventy Two of them are going to go to the Hell Fire not anyone of them was promoted by an
ignorant or founded by an ignorant man all of them had ‘ilm.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

So in order to know whether this person is on the right path or not you need to go and check
there statements and cross reference them with the Book of Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N=and the Sunnah of
Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? and that’s why always tell the brothers and sisters that if you want to
learn, if you want to become educated in Islam read Qur’an a lot and go straight to the books of
hadith. Who said that you can’t go and read from (* G HI?) Bukhari? Who said you can’t go
and read for (K  [ 4) Riyadh us Saaliheen or (8,7! HI?) Sahih Muslim? Is there some Wudu
in that, that prevents you from opening it up? Only a person who has a special protection can
read it? But then you go and read books that are purely opinions. Pure opinions of men who are
like you at the end of the day.
Ibn ‘Abbas radhiAllaahu ‘anhu used to tell the Tabee’in “I tell you the Allaah said and Rasul
Allaah 8,< =, # >,? said and you tell me Abu Bakr said and Umar said?” Ibn ‘Abbas was angry
with the people because they are refering to Abu Bakr and Umar and they are not refering it to
Allaah and Rasul Allaah. What about today? That we are refering to fulaan and fulaan and
fulaaaan (0)% 0)% 0)%) (so and so and so and so).
And please don’t take these words as putting down on the scholars, NO, the scholars are the
leaders of the Ummah they are the ones that you study from but you as a Muslim who is given
an intelligent mind you are not insane, right? That’s I hope so ☺ you have sane mind you have
intelligence and that is sufficient for you to be able to access the Book of Allaah &³³2‫ّو‬N= and
access the Hadith of Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? just make sure that you don’t make Fatwa
(r3;%). Make sure that you don’t make a fatwa and that’s the thing.
Umar ibn Khattab radhiAllaahu ‘anhu was very concerned about the state of the ibaadat. When
he was dying
[TS 35:27] Y S Ye3< ! 3k% knsS  =4Z # bE( k, b% ( kdE( % N3, * 8/ 8t  0
The thing that I am most concerned about is your Salah if you take care of it Allaah will take
care of your rest of Religion if you neglect if rest of your religion would be neglected. So start
with the Salaah. Infact on the Day of Judgment there is a hadith Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? the
first thing the angels will look into in your book of deeds is your Salaah. If its complete then
they will go to the next page. If not, they will try to see if you have any voluntary prayers to fill
in the deficiency in the Fard Salah (N)? [%) if you don’t have Salah in there they are not going
to look at anything else in your books of deeds. Your Akhlaq (u)]) or A’maal (@ ) the pre-
requisite of Salaah. Salaah is the most important thing ( 4 Z ) it’s a pillar of the Religion.
And we talk about Salaah we talk about the whole package. We talk about doing the Salaah,
doing it on time, Salaatul Jama’a having Khushu (Y3]), doing the Wudu right, teaching it to
your children, all of this is enclosed within that package. Salaah is a system its not just an
individual thing. And he had a khushu’ in Salaah himself. ‘Abdullah ibn Umar said,
[TS 36:54] v3E P)O Ye 8k &
7%  w,] &,?
He said, I prayed behind umar ibn khattab and I heard him weep and I was in the third line of
Salah.
He had a lot of khushu’ in the Salaah and he once saw a man who was messing around in
Salaah, you know that there are some people they are very stationery before Salaah as soon as
they say Allaaho Akbar suddenly start scratching there hands are all over the place. Its not
Haram to move in Salaah because Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? moved in Salaah. Rasul Allaah >,?
8,< =, # opened the door in Salaah, Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? carried a child in Salaah, Rasul
Allaah 8,< =, # >,? pushed his wife in Salaah. So Rasul Allaah 8,< =, # >,? did actually move
in Salaah but the movement was justified there was a reason. What we are not suppose to do is
be hyper active in Salaah. And the issue is not really the movement , the movement is reflection
umar ibn khattab saw a man moving a lot and he said, if this man had a khushu in his heart, his
body would also have a khushu’. So if you are not having a Khushu’a and you are just holding
yourself back and you don’t want yourself to move that’s not the issue over here. The issue is if
you are having a khushu’a in a Salaah that khushu’a will prevent you from moving a lot in the
Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah
 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

prayer. Its not the movement that’s the problem it is a symptom of the problem. The problem
itself the heart does not have a khushu’a.
Once subhan Allaah I prayed behind this brother in the Harum (
/ \ MK & ) I had difficulty in
praying. I have never in my life seen somebody move more then he was. It’s unbelievable. First
we were praying, it was a Salaat dhuhur or ‘Asr so we had to pray out side the Masjid itself it
was in the sun. and some people there were praying with there shoes and some of the people
with bare foot. So first he prayed with the shoes on and then I don’t know why he changed his
mind in the middle of the Salaat, he took his shoes off. And then a short while later he wears his
shoes again. And then he was looking at his watch putting his hands in his pocket blowing his
nose that’s all right Ya’ni if you have a allergy of anything or flue you can blow your nose
that’s fine but and then he was fixing his thoub (3y) and his head was moving a lot. And you
can’t have khushu’ I mean when somebody is doing all that movements next to you. and for
him, he couldn’t be concentrating with Adhkar of Salaah with all these movements.
=%3' z ,-  ' # 
' 
You don’t have two hearts in your chest – you have one heart.
You can focus on one thing at a time. That’s why now you have pay fine of Thirty Pounds if
you drive with your mobile phones because you can not concentrate on two things the same
time. Unless these two things are second in nature to you. so he said,
[TS 40:19] ={3' &
 2 a,- D] 3
Umar ibn khattab was a man of dua’
[TS 40:25] &- |3' =, &
  X}
Its narrated that when the news of the armies would be late he would make Qunoot (V3-). And
when the armies are late in coming back he would make Qunoot. (Qunoot is Dua’). He was very
concerned, he was very concerned with the state of the Ummah especially the Ghazu (N t5c) that
concerned him a lot. The Ghazu and the Financial situation of the Muslims. With all of this
Khushu’ that umar had it is narrated that he once, woke up to pray Salaat at-Tahajjud (Fk; N)?)
and he couldn’t have concentration in the Salaah. So he went to sleep he couldn’t sleep. And
then he said, when I pray I can not pray and when I try to sleep I can not sleep. So they asked
him why? He said, “because I am concerned about my people.” He is thinking so much about
the Muslims he couldn’t pray and he couldn’t sleep. So he was very concerned with the
Ummah. We ask Allaah ' t5 give us leaders who are concerned, who have care for the Ummah
(e). And the Ummah is now like a flock without a shepared, surrounded with wolves from
every direction. Ibn Tayymiayh says:
[TS: 41:54]  3;J! N3, z 8k, &
-  ;J  ;-  $X  &4 =C3,? z 4 F, 34 0 /
He used to pray to make dua’ for the Mujahideen in his Salaah and he would make Dua’
Qunoot for that and when he fought against the people of the Book he would make a Dua’
against the people of the Book he would say:
[TS 42:07]  ;J   EJ $, 8k,
O Allaah! Destroy the disbelievers of the people of the Book. And this is when he is fighting
against the Roman Empire. And he used to make Qunoot against them in Salaah of Fard, in
Fajr, Dhuhar, ‘Asr, Maghrib and ‘Ishaa. He would make Dua’ against the people of the Book.

Juma’. Khalifah wanted people to be on time:


He started giving khuttbah and here comes Uthman ibn ‘Affan (= # US) walking into the
Masjid. Umar ibn Khattab (= # US) infront of everyone he stops his Khuttbah and he said:
[TS 42:46] `  < i2 z~
Is this the time to show up? Utham Ibn ‘Affan (= # US) said, I was so busy and I only went
back home now and I made Wudu and came and he said, you are also telling me that, you only
made Wudu when you know that Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) use to tell us that we need to

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

make Ghusal (7c)? So, he wanted people to be on time and follow the Sunnah of Rasul Allaah
(8,< =, # >,?). Don’t be late to Salaatul Juma’, you need to be there before Imam starts the
Khuttabh.
Umbar Ibn Khattab even though he didn’t want his wives to pray in the Masjid but he didin’t
prevent them because of the Hadith of Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?):
[TS 43:36] # ' 7 #  D 9
Don’t prevent the women servants of Allaah from praying in the Houses of Allaah. So he told
his wife you know my preference, she said, “I am not going to stop going to the Masjid unless
you tell me to do so”. She knows that he won’t and she carried on praying in the Masjid and in
Bukhari he says that, when he was stabbed in Salaah and killed she was in the Masjid. When
Umar ibn Khattab was assisinated in the Salaatul Fajr, she was in the Masjid, so they carried on
praying until he died in the Masjid. He didn’t prevent her.
Now I need to make a comment on that: in those days it would be a right to tell the woman to
pray at home because in Madinah they would find benefit at home they would find benefit on
the street they would find benefit in the Masjid I mean its all an Islamic Society. However, now
a days, for those brothers who do not want their women to pray in the Masjid and you tell them
that, that’s your preference first of you can say that’s its your preference but you cannot
prevent them. You do not have the right to prevent them.Because of the Hadith of Rasul Allaah (
8,< =, # >,?) do not prevent them from going to the Masjid. And if you make your preference
known to them and they agree to stay you are responsible you need to provide them with an
alternative. You need to provide them with the services that they would get in the Masjid. You
can’t just tell your wife or daughter to stay home alright and then leave her with the Television
(TV) Set to be her Shaykh. You have to offer her an alternative.
Preventing women from going to the Masaajid today, if there is ‘ilm or Islamic Activities that
they would learn from the Masjid is not a wise idea if you are not going to offer them with a
viable Islamic program. So may be the recommendation now should be that for benefit, if there
is benefit in the Masjid because in some Masaajid there is no benefit, they just do the Salaah
and leave. I mean the Masjid is dead. You know, you finish the Salaah and then the person who
has the keys care-taker of the Masjid is shaking the keys next to you. Its time to leave brother☺.
Time to leave and he is ringing those keys and turning off the lights yullah yullah out.
So, the Masjid is dead but if there is an activity going on there is Halaqat of ‘Ilm something that
would benefit our Muslim sister then she should go and she should be encouraged to go to
Masaajid. It doesn’t make a sense to allow her every where except to Masjid, you can go to
school, you can go to university, you can go shopping, you can here and there, you can go visit
your family but you are not allowed to go to Masjid. Now the Masjid is for men and sister leave
the Takbir to the brothers☺. (I guess Brothers you should do the Takbir for the sisters, do the
Takbir for them. (Audience: Takbir €/ # Takbir €/ # Takbir €/ # Takbir €/ # Takbir €/ # so
sister, should be very happy that this is the first time ever that we have Five Takbirs ☺ So,
ya’ni, this brother must be a champion of women rights ☺ masha Allaah, Jazakallahu khairun
brother. I am sure thas not the case you are just a bachelor ☺ try to develop a good reputation
for yourself ☺ )

Umar Ibn Khattab (= # US) would sometimes go to his friend Abu Musa al-‘Ashari ( ><3 3 
*
) all of them were friends, the Sahaabah (8k 8k, # US) brothers. You know this is one
thing if you never experience brotherhood its something that cannot be expressed in words. (
# z i3]9) al-Akhuwah fillah brotherhood for the sake of Allaah is such a wonderful blessing of
Allaah in this dunya it cannot be described in words, it’s a blessings straight out of Jannah. And
these Sahaabah had it, and this brotherhood is not something that you develop through casual
relationships. Usually this is a relationship that develops when they go through similar
hardships. So the Sahaaba radhiAllaahu ‘alaihim ‘anhum had it because they were tortured
together. They fought in the same Trench together. They suffered hunger together. You know
you remember the story when Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) went out of his house and he meets

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Abu Bakr, Abu Bakr why are you walking in the streets at this late hour? He said, O Rasul
Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) because I am hungry I am going to search for food. Rasul Allaah ( # >,?
8,< =,) said this is the same reason why I am out and then they met Umar ibn Khattab and the
same thing he said, so, they suffered together. And that’s how they develop the strong bonding.
And then because of the battles that they fought being soldiers who are being together that also
develops the special relationship between them. You are even going to find that between the
soldiers who are none Muslim. You know that experience of being together at that moment of
danger develops a special bonding. So the Sahaabah in addition to having that, they also had
Akhuwah fillah for the sake of Allaah (' t5) you know its not just the experience of fighting
together but its also the love for the sake of Allaah, Emaan having the same goals in life,
working for the same cause, there relationship was very tight. Very tight.
Umar ibn Khattab (= # US) sometimes, would come to Abu Musa al-‘Asha’ri and he would
tell him Abu Musa start reciting for us. So, Abu Musa al-‘Asha’ri would recite Ayaat from
Qur’an and then they would all cry. They would all cry together.
Once the servant of Usayd (<~) his slave, he is the one narrating, he said, Umar ibn Khattab
used to paterol at night, he would talk about his paterols tomorrow night insha Allaahu ta’ala (

C # Y ) his nightly paterols. So, he would go to the Masjid and he would prevent anyone
from staying in the Masjid except the ones who are praying. He didn’t want people hanging
around the Masjid after ‘Ishaa. After ‘Ishaa you go back home unless you are praying. Don’t
just sit around Masjid and talking. So, he was going around Masjid he came and he saw in the
Masjid this Halaqah he said, who are they? They said,
[TS 50:52] $, 8 p}
It is your family. Actually there were none of the relatives of Umar were there. These were
some his close Sahaaba his brothers he said, ah-luk your brothers. I mean your family. So, he
goes there and he sits down with them, and he said, why are you staying behind the Salaah?
They said,
[TS 51:14] ' t5 #/2 7,'
We are sitting to remember Allaah (' t5c). So he sat down with them. When he know that they
are making Dhikar of Allaah (' t5c) he sat down with them and then he told the one next to
him:
[TS 51:29] Y  ‚ 2] 8oZ
The one sitting right next to him, asked him to make Dua’ for us. So the man started making
dua’ and then Umar (= # US) would go around asking everyone to make Dua’ for the group
and they would say Ameen (e) until he gets to this servant (the slave) you make dua’ for us
now and I was the last one before him. He said,
[TS 51:49] V(.%
I couldn’t speak
[TS 51:52] /X V2]~
And I was shaking. This is unlearned man he is not used to speak infront of people and he
didn’t know what to say? So, he couldn’t speak. Umbar ibn Khattab (= # US) told him say
anything even if you say,
[TS 52:14]  8( 8k, Ec 8k,
O Allaah! Forgive us O Allaah! Have a mercy on us. Just say something, make a dua’ for us
anything. It doesn’t have to be a long sophisticated dua’ that you memorize out of a book,
anything, make any dua’. So he said, I said those words, and then it was Umar (= # US)’s turn
to make dua’ and he made dua’ and he was the one who was crying the most among us and he
said,
[TS 52:41] uE;% 0ƒ
Now everybody go home.

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

With the word of Umar make any dua’: you know you see people in Tawwaf , if you have been
to Hajj or Umrah reading form these booklets. There is dua’ you say in first tawwaf , dua’ you
say that in second, dua’ that you say in third, dua’ in the fourth, then they have the book for Sifa
and Marwa, they have book for everything. And they are reading for this book and they are
bumping into people because they cannot see. I mean these are the people you should be paying
Thirty Pound Fine. They are bumping into everyone causing traffic hazards because they are so
concentrating in that book of dua’. And they are causing harm to the Muslims in Tawwaf. A
brother was telling me that he was reading from the book of Hajj and the author was saying
again and again that donnot harm the Muslims, do not harm the Muslims, do not harm the
Muslims. Don’t cause them hardship because you want to finish your book.
Now this man may be he doesn’t understand that dua’ its in Arabic and probably this person
doesn’t speak Arabic, many Arabs do also reads those dua’ and may be they don’t understand
whats in it. So they don’t have khushu’ and everybody around them having a problem because
of this, that’s not a dua’. Make any dua’ can’t you say O Allaah forgive me? Can’t you say O
Allaah have a mercy on me? Can’t you say O Allaah grant me Jannah? Does it take a scholar to
make such a dua’? anybody can make it. If that book dua’ in it wasn’t written by Rasul Allaah (
M)< N)? 8,< =, # >,?) why is it binding on you to read it? It is prefering symbols of read-
substance, no I have to finish this book. Allaah (6:B0) does not want to hear a dua’ from you
that you don’t understand. How will Allaah (
C = I<) respond to a dua’ that you making it if
you don’t know what you are asking for? You know subhan Allaah it doesn’t make any sense
at all. The essence of dua’ is that your heart should be connected to your tongue when you make
the dua’ and you should have khushu’ and you should humble yourself and ask Allaah (' 5)
and beg Allaah (' 5) to accept your dua’.
[TS 54:55]  z v K9
That’s one of the reasons why dua’ is accepted when you persists in dua’. That persistance
means that you are repeating again and again you do it with enthusiasm with commitment and
with humbleness and you are begging Allaah (' 5) to give you that. So you can make any
dhikar you can make any dua’ it doesn’t have to be from that book.

A Hajj:

He was also concerned with the Muslims who were not making Hajj he said,
8  !,7f 8  !,7f 8  =45… 8k, 3 B% L† 8,% ' i 0 /  /  d%  9 i2  9 ' ‡
 0 &„ 
[TS 55:41] !,7f
I was thinking about I was considering sending men to different Muslim States to see the
Muslims who are able to make Hajj and didn’t make Hajj and to have them pay Jizya because
they are not Muslim! They are not Muslim! They are not Muslim. According to many of the
scholars
[TS 56:05] 3E >, a' LK
Hajj is manditory immediately this year if you are able to make it. If you have the financial
ability you are strong and you can make time for it and you didn’t make Hajj that’s a sin
according to many of the scholars. According to (U
% ) ash-Shafi’i it is mandatory but any time
you can make it however, ash-Shafi’i says if you die and you didn’t make it and there was a
year in which you were able to make it then you are dying in the state of sin. So, even though he
says that you can make it later but he said, if death comes to you and you didn’t do it then you
will be held accountable for that and this is talking about anyone who is above the age of
puberty. If you are able to make Hajj have the financial resources to Hajj and you don’t do it
you have to pay Jizyah, according to Umar Ibn Khattab (= # US). So make sure that you do
Hajj, plan for it this year, you can if you have still time, well its getting close but don’t delay
Hajj. Do not delay Hajj its one of the Five Pillars of Islam and Hajj is so great it will forgive for
you all of your past sins (all of them).

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

(= # US 
 ) he came to give the Pledge of Allegiance to Rasul Allaah ( 8,< =, # >,?
M)< N)? ) when he wanted to become a Muslim, he came to Rasul Allaah and said, O Rasul
Allaah I want to become a Muslim. So Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) extended his hand, Umro
bin al-‘aas (= # US 
 ) pulled his hand away. Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) told him
whats wrong? Now (= # US 
 ) was a diplomate he was the man Quraysh would send
around to negotiate with the leaders, so he wanted to negotiate his Islam with Rasul Allaah ( >,?
8,< =, #) . you know he was evening thinking of negotiations when he wanted to becom a
Muslim (8k # US). Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) told him why did you hold back your hand?
He said, because I have some conditions to make. Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) said, what
conditions? He said, that you pardon me for my sins. (= # US 
 ) knew that he has
been such an enemy of Islam that he deserves to be executed because of what he has done. So,
he wants to make sure that Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) give him clemency, and he is not going
to be accountable for what he did in the past. Rasul Allaah (8,< =, # >,?) smiled and said,
[TS 58:43] k,-  a1 LK 0 k,-  a+ NFq 0 k,-  a1 M)<9 0 `8,
C   4
O Umro didn’t you know that Islam erases everything before it and Hijrah erases everything
before it and Hajj erases everything before it. Hajj will erase everything that you did before and
you will come back as if you are day born.
[TS 58:59] = / V M3/ $
'
You will come back as if you are day born (as if your mother gave birth to you today) so , make
Hajj. Umar ibn Khattab (= # US) himself he would lead the Hajj every year, so they said, he
made Hajj when he was Khalifah Nine or Ten Times. He would lead the Hajj himself.
Umar ibn Khattab (= # US) would give a lot of attention to the Financial Aspects of the
Khilfah, the business, the commerce, Anas bin Malik (= # US) said,
    >, &4~
I saw umar ibn khattab wearing an Izaar (‰}) and it had twelve patches in it and he didn’t have
any Qamees on him and he was wearing his turban and carrying his stick and he would go
around the market of Madinah inspecting the market. He would go and inspect the market and
he would go and tell the Businessmen in the market of Madinah:
[TS 01:00:08]  YŠ T 3  / 9 kEC  9 -3< z D4 9
You are not allowed to sell in our market place unless you have (Fiqh) otherwise you will deal
with Riba (interest) whether you like it or not. So he said, you have to learn the Fiqh of business
before you sell in our markets, like you have to have certificate that you have studied the Fiqh
of business before you come in and do trade. So this is just like now you are not allowed to
work unless you have a certificate unless you graduated in that field same thing Umar Ibn
Khattab (= # US) wanted to know that they were qualified to practice in the market and that
applies to you today, if you are physician you need to study the Fiqh relating to your field you
need to study the aspects of Da’ and Dawa’ (the illness and the medicine) in Islam. What is the
Islamic Medicine? What is concidered to be an illness? How to cure in Islam? Help in your field
you need to learn rules regarding abortion when it is allowed and when it is not allowed,
contraceptions all of these issues that would relate to a specific field you need to learn about
them. If you are a farmer you need to learn the rules regarding farming. If you are a
businessman depending upon the field of your business you need to learn the Ahkam relating to
that. And if you real estate agent you need to know what is Halal and that field and what is
Haraam? What involves Riba and what doesn’t? not only in your field of profession but as a
husban you need to know what your responsibilities are? as a wife you need to know what your
responsibilities are? Notice here that I am saying RESPONSIBILITIES not RIGHTS. In the
West you are always told to fight for your Rights, so the man and women come into marriage
with the well to fight for their rights. The man is fighting for his rights, the woman is fighting

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

for her rights and its like you are in a bull ring. A Muslim asks about their responsibilities not
rights. You are asked about your responsibilities towards others. If the wife take cares of her
responsibilities and the husband take care of his responsibilities there will be no problems. You
get problems when you start fighting for your rights its not a boxing arena marriage is a
cooperation it is a ‘ibadah you are serving Allaah (
C = I<) through that relationship. The
parents needs to learn their responsibilities and the children need to learn their responsibilities
all of this is Fiqh that needs to be studied.
Umar Ibn Khttab (= # US) wanted the people to work he said,
[TS 01:03:05] \  ,67  "] =,67  "] Y  
k% a7J
Having a work that is of low reputation is better than begging people. Working in a particular
field that has a bad reputation (low reputation) I am not talking about something Haraam but
there are some things that are Halaal that are viewd as lowly, as humble, as humiliating but they
are Halaal. Umar (= # US) is saying that is better then begging people. Living on welfare is
worse then working in something that is be littled by people. Now Umar ibn Khattab (= # US)
would go to the poor and would say:
[TS 01:03:54] \  9 4 33JC 9 ‹4Œ $
S %  + 8J< Y 3
% YE 
 4 3
%~
O you the poor! raise up your heads and go and do business because the path is clear and don’t
be dependent on people. You know, sometimes you cannot blame poor for not working because
they are put in such a depressed state and they have no where to start from that they loose hope
and they become down, you know they just giv up. Umar Ibn Khattab (= # US) is trying to
encourage them, he said, rise up, look up raise your heads up and go and trade, start somewhere,
and then he said, that is better then being dependent on others. So the poor needs to be given
encouragement because when you are poor and all the doors of opportunities are shutting on
your face that is very difficult pyschological state. You loose hope. So Umar Ibn Khattab ( # UT
=) is trying to encourage them. You know, sometimes we talk about working and working and
working the brother comes and says I have been trying to do work but there is no work to do.
So, such a brother needs to be encouraged. You know keep on trying keep on trying ask Allaah
(' 5) it’s a test from Allaah (' 5) for you, keep on trying.
Umar ibn Khattab (= # US) saw some people who were not working they were in the Masjid,
you know they were just sitting in the Masjid and they were sitting in the Masjid during the
business hours. Umar Ibn Khattab (= # US) goes and said what are you doing in the Masjid its
not a time for Salaah? They said, we put our trust in Allaah (
C = I<). Allaah (' 5) is going
to give us Rizq (u‰). Umar ibn Khattab (= # US) said:
@3- C Ž
 8kB
\  u‰4 # 0 B% 9 a2  9 Ys7 0 8, - -‰ 8k, @34 u‰ a,Œ & 8/( 
4 9
[TS 01:05:52] "" R!) ;!
OPQ J

:QV
: J
6W1 $%
E>: X +
Y
:DE1 FG?
ZW1
V[1" ' 5 
C #
He said, don’t sit down without doing any work, and then say, “O Allaah give me Rizq!”
because you know that the sky does not rain gold and silver and then he recited the ayaah in
Qur’an “when Salaah is over (Salaatul Jumu’a is over), go out and disperse in the land and
seek the bounties of Allaah. ” go out and work. And then he said, because Allaah (' 5) gives
the people Rizq from each other. Your Rizq is coming from me and my Rizq is coming from
that person we work for each other. We serve each other. See this money that you have in your
pocket it has passed through how many hands before it reaches you. so our Rizq comes from
each other. Its rotating among us.
[TS 01:06:37] 8J c9   Z $6 /
Its rotating among us. The money is going around. Umar ibn Khattab (= # US) if he sees a
young man and he is impressed with the looks of him he asks, does he have a skill? And if they
say, no, he would say, “he fell from my eyes”, I held him in high esteem but he doesn’t have a
skill, he doesn’t have a work, he is not good at anything. So that puts him down, subhan Allaah

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬
Biography of Umar Ibn Khattab His life and times & His Character 1-9 [18]

Umar ibn Khattab was Murrabbi (‘t) in every area. He was a Murrabbi. He was a trainer for
this Ummah, every area Deen and Dunya.
May Allaah (' 5) allow us to meet him fi jannatul firdows (e \ ZE … z).


OPQ !-) !2: 5RS : 
/!0: KT K2 /!0 J
/!S
Started at 24 @3T1430October 13, 2009 -
Finished bi idhn Allaah half of the series transcription i.e. CD 1-9
(Wednesday @ 9 *Z ’ 08, 1431 / Wednesday April 21, 2010)
Donot forget us in your supplications
% ‫ ا ا‬RN‫رب ا  ا‬

Audio lecture by Sheikh Imam Al Awlaki Translation Abdullah Mujahid fi Sabeelilah


 
‫ا ا اا ا ه‬