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Rizal in London &

Paris

Niel Patrick Canono


Bad news from home
• Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the anti-friar petition
• The Calamba agrarian conflict of 1888
Christmas in London
• December 24, 1888
- Rizal returned to London
Rizal in London &
Paris

Niel Patrick Canono


Rizal in London &
Paris

Niel Patrick Canono


Rizal in London &
Paris

Niel Patrick Canono


Rizal in London &
Paris

Niel Patrick Canono


Rizal lived in London from May 1888 to march 1899
Reasons why he choose English city
• To improve his knowledge of the English language
• To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas
• London was a safe place for him to carry out his fight against spaish
tyranny
Trip across the Atlantic
• S. S. City of Rome
• Entering American and European
May 24, 1888
• Quenstown in Ireland
• Liverpool England
May 25, 1888
• Adelphi Hotel
• No. 37 Chalcot Crescent Primsore hill
- Dr. Antonio ma Regidor
• An 1872 exile and a practicing lawyer
• Rizal stayed as a guest
Dr. Reinhold Rost
• Librarian of the ministry of foreign affairs
• Authority on Malayan language
• Called Rizal a ‘’pearl of a man’’
Rizal in London &
Paris

Niel Patrick Canono


Rizal in London &
Paris

Niel Patrick Canono


Annotaion of Sucesos de
las Islas Filipinas

To the Young Women of


Malolos

Sculptures made by Jose


Rizal

Jierossel Mae C. Gloria


Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas

– One of the books that have been written about the History of the
Philippines
– Describes about the past history of the Philippines in the year 1493-
1603.
– The scope of the book is Political, Social & the Economic aspects of a
country that had invades and that have been invaded.
– It is based on:
– Documentary research
– Observation
– Personal experiences of Antonio de Morga
Antonio de Morga Sanchez Garay

– Antonio de Morga, born in Seville in the year 1559


– Graduated “Canon Law” at University of Salamanca 1574-
1578
– A professor at Osuna but immediately went back to
Salamanca to study Civil Law
– Went to the Philippines as Lieutenant Governor <1593>
– Published the Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas and imprinted it
in Mexico in the year 1609
Jose Rizal and Sucesos

– May 25, 1888, Rizal went to London:


– to enhance his English literate skills
– to do his historical research on Pre-Colonial of the Philippine History
– London is a safe place to fight against the Spaniards
– August 18, 1888:
– Rizal copied <by hand> the 1st edition of the Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas by Antonio de Morga
– September 1888:
– Rizal went to Paris and stayed for a week to read and learn more about the History
– March 19, 1889:
– Rizal brought the manuscript to Paris, where the price of it is cheaper
Jose Rizal and Sucesos

– May 25, 1888, Rizal went to London:


– to enhance his English literate skills
– to do his historical research on Pre-Colonial of the Philippine History
– London is a safe place to fight against the Spaniards
– August 18, 1888:
– Rizal copied <by hand> the 1st edition of the Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas by Antonio de Morga
– September 1888:
– Rizal went to Paris and stayed for a week to read and learn more about the History
– March 19, 1889:
– Rizal brought the manuscript to Paris, where the price of it is cheaper
Jose Rizal and Sucesos

– May 25, 1888, Rizal went to London:


– to enhance his English literate skills
– to do his historical research on Pre-Colonial of the Philippine History
– London is a safe place to fight against the Spaniards
– August 18, 1888:
– Rizal copied <by hand> the 1st edition of the Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas by Antonio de Morga
– September 1888:
– Rizal went to Paris and stayed for a week to read and learn more about the History
– March 19, 1889:
– Rizal brought the manuscript to Paris, where the price of it is cheaper
Rizal lived in London from May 1888 to march 1899
Reasons why he choose English city
• To improve his knowledge of the English language
• To study and annotate Morga’s Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas
• London was a safe place for him to carry out his fight against spaish
tyranny
Trip across the Atlantic
• S. S. City of Rome
• Entering American and European
May 24, 1888
• Quenstown in Ireland
• Liverpool England
– “Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas por el Doctor
Antonio de Morga. Obra publicada en Mejico en el
ańo de 1609, nuevamente sacada a luz y anotada
por Jose Rizal, y precedida de un prologo del
Prof. Fernando Blumentritt”
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Ferdinand Blumentritt

– Told Rizal to write a book about the Philippine


History
– Blumentritt wanted to know about the beginning of
the history of the Philippines
– Just like Rizal, he wanted to inform that Philippines
had a civilization before the Spaniards invades the
country
Why did Rizal choose Morga’s
book?

– Morga is one of the Spaniards’ official


officer
– Morga is a keen observer
– Morga have an experience in the
Spanish Colonization in the Philippines
Why did Rizal choose Morga’s
book?

– Morga is one of the Spaniards’ official


officer
– Morga is a keen observer
– Morga have an experience in the
Spanish Colonization in the Philippines
Why did Rizal choose Morga’s
book?

– Morga is one of the Spaniards’ official


officer
– Morga is a keen observer
– Morga have an experience in the
Spanish Colonization in the Philippines
Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas

– 1st history book that wrote by a Filipino <revised>


– Wrote by the person that have been invaded by the Spaniards
– The Book that Rizal annotated was banned in the late 19th century
– This book was jeopardized
– Because Rizal’s manuscript is a secondary source, most readers
prefer Morga’s book.
– Few Filipinos nowadays give their time reading the annotation of
Rizal
To the Young
Women of Malolos
To the Young Women
of Malolos
– It was originally written in Tagalog.
– He wrote this when he was in London, in response to
the request of Marcelo H. del Pilar
Prominent points in the letter
contained:

1. The rejection of the spiritual authority of the friars:


– not all of the priest in the country that time embodied the true spirit of
Christ and His church. Most of them were corrupted by worldly desires
and used worldly methods to effect change and force discipline among
the people.
2. The defense of private judgment.
3. Qualities Filipino mothers need to possess:
– as evidenced by this portion of his letter, Rizal is greatly concerned of
the welfare of the Filipino children and the homes they grown up in.
4. Duties and responsibilities of Filipino mothers to their children.

5. Duties and responsibilities of a wife to her husband:


– Filipino women are known to be submissive, tender and loving. Rizal states
in this portion of his letter how Filipino women ought to be as wives, in order
to preserve the identity of the race.

6. Counsel to young women on their choice of a lifetime partner.


To the Young Women of Malolos
Analysis: Zaide, 1999

– Filipino mothers should teach their children love of God, country and fellowmen.

– Filipino mothers should be glad and honored, like Spartan mothers, to offer their sons in
defense of their country.

– Filipino women should know how to protect their dignity and honor.

– Filipino women should educate themselves aside from retaining their good racial values.

– Faith is not merely reciting prayers and wearing religious pictures. It is living the real
Christianity way with good morals and manners.
2 Types of History that Rizal
highlighted in Sucesos:

–History of the Place


–History of the people that lived
in a place
Annotation of Rizal

– The annotation of Rizal about the Sucesos de


las Islas Filipinas explains the details of the
book, his disagreement of Morga’s
observations and the confirmation of the
history of some of the writings.
Sculptures Made by
Jose Rizal

Stephen Karl Jumao as


Sculptures made by Jose Rizal

– Woodcraft
– Two gate Columns <Depicting Busts>
– 1895: Dapitan, Philippines
– Was made when water service was completed in Dapitan
– Biscuit Mold
– 1893; Dapitan Philippines
– Bowl of Pipe; Representing a Girl’s Head
– Dapitan, Philippines