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VTP Interview Questions and Answers (VLAN Trunking Protocol) Search

What is VTP?
VTP (VLAN Trunking Protocol) is a Cisco proprietary protocol used by Cisco switches to exchange VLAN
information. VTP is used to synchronize VLAN information (Example:-VLAN ID or VLAN Name) with switches
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inside the same VTP domain.
Question
What are different VTP modes?
VTP Server mode - By default, every switch is in server mode. Switch in VTP Server Mode can create, delete
VLANs and will propagate VLAN changes.
VTP Client mode - Switch in VTP client mode cannot create or delete VLANs. VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP)
client mode switches listen to VTP advertisements from other switches and modify their VLAN configurations
accordingly. It listens and forwards updates.
VTP Transparent mode - Switch in VTP Transparent mode does not share its VLAN database but it forwards
received VTP advertisements. we can create and delete VLANs on a VTP transparent switch but these changes
are not sent to other switches.

What are the requirements to exchange VTP messages between two switches?
1. A switch should be configured as either a VTP server or VTP client.
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2. VTP domain name must be same on both switches.
3. VTP versions must match. Buy VP
4. The link between the switches should be a trunk link. Intervie
Ans
What is VTP Pruning?
VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) pruning is a feature in Cisco switches, which stops VLAN update information
traffic from being sent down trunk links if the updates are not needed. Broadcast frames, multicast frames or
unicast frames for which the destination MAC address is unknown are forwarded over a trunk link only if the
switch on the receiving end of the trunk link has ports in the source VLAN. This avoids unnecessary flooding.
VLAN 1 can never prune because it’s an administrative VLAN.

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1 comment Posted in VLAN Trunking Protocol. Cisco vtp server mode vtp client mode vtp transparent mode vtp pruning

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