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Course Structure

Civil Engineering
w.e.f 2011-2012
Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies

Minutes of the BoS meeting of Civil Engineering

The first BoS of the CE Dept was held on 2nd May 2011. The minutes of the
meeting are as follows:

1. The overall curricular structure for engineering programmes was

discussed, the novelties over the existing typical structure were
highlighted by the VC and the same is discussed at length. The trimester
structure was appreciated.
2. The CE curriculum was examined in respect of foundation, professional
and advanced courses, their sequencing and the laboratory components of
the 2nd, 3rd and 4th years of engineering. Some minor modifications were
made in the names of subjects.
3. The syllabus content for each theory paper has been discussed and the
same for some of the subjects was improved.
4. The list of experiments for each laboratory has been discussed and some
improvements were recommended in the same.
1/1 Term (Common to all branches):

Subject Pre-
Subjects for I semester (L-T)-P Credits
No. requisite

MA1001 Mathematics – I None 3-0 4

PH1001 Physics None 3-0 4

CY1001 (Chemistry)

HS1001 English for Communication None 2-2 / 3

ME1001 (Mechanics)

EE1001 Electrical Technology None 3-0 4

CS1001 (Programming & Data struct)

ME1002 Intro. To Manufact. Proc & WSP None 1-3 3

(Engg.Drawing and Graphics)

PH1201 Physics Lab None 0-3 2

CY1201 (Chemistry Lab)

EE1201 Electrical Technology Lab None 0-3 2

CS1201 (Programming & Data Struct Lab)

EA1001 Extra Acad Activity(EAA)-1 None 0-3 P/R

Total load and Credits 12-14 / 22


Contact hours: 13X2 + 12 = 38 (or 12X2 + 14 = 38)

2/1 Term (Common to all branches):

Subject Pre-
Subjects for II semester requisite (L-T)-P Credits
MA1002 Mathematics-2 None 3-0 4

CY1001 Chemistry None 3-0 4

PH1001 (Physics)
ME1001 Mechanics None (3-0) / 2- 3
HS1001 (English) 2
CS1001 Programming & Data struct (Electrical None 3-0 4
EE1001 Technology)
CE1001 Engg.Drawing and Graphics or None 1-3 3
ME1002 (Intro. to Manufact. Proc & WSP)
CY1201 Chemistry Lab None 0-3 2
PH1201 (Physics Lab)
CS1201 Programming & Data Struct Lab (Electrical None 0-3 2
EE1201 Technology Lab)

EA1001 Extra Acad Activity(EAA)-2 None 0-3 P/R

Total load and Credits 12-14 / 22


Contact hours: 13X2 + 12 = 38 (or 12X2 + 14 = 38)

3/1 Term (Common to all branches):

Subject Pre-
Subjects for III semester (L-T)-P Credits
No. requisite
CS1301 Database Management Systems (DBMS) None 5-0 4

HS1302 Managerial Economics None 5-0 4

HS1303 Soft Skills None 4-3 4

EA1301 Extra Acad Activity(EAA)-3 None 0-3 P/R

Total load and Credits 14-6 12

Contact hours: 14X2 + 6 = 34

1/2 Term:

Subject Subjects Name Pre- (L-T)-P Credit

No. requisite
CE2101 Surveying None 3-0 4
CE2102 Construction Materials and Introduction of Design None 3-0 4
CE2103 Mechanics of Solids None 3-0 4
CE2104 Geo Sciences None 3-0 4
MA2103 Maths-3 None 3-0 4
CE2701 Surveying Lab CE2101 0-3 2
CE2702 Mechanics of Solids labs CE2103 0-3 2
HS2101 Human Values-1 None 0-3 P/R
Total load and Credits 15-9 24
Contact hours: 15X2 + 9 = 39

2/2 Term:

Subject Subjects Name Pre- (L-T)-P Credit

No. requisite
CE2201 Mechanics of Fluids None 3-0 4
CE2202 Water Resources None 3-0 4
CE2203 Structural Analysis None 3-0 4
EC2201 Introduction to Electronics None 3-0 4
CS2201 Design of Algorithms None 3-0 4
CE2801 Mechanics of Fluids Lab CE2201 0-3 2
EC2801 Introduction to Electronics Lab EC2201 0-3 2
HS2201 Human Values-2 None 0-3 P/R
Total load and Credits 15-9 24
Contact hours: 15X2 + 9 = 39

3/2 Term:

Subject Pre-
Subjects Name (L-T)-P Credits
No. requisite
CS2301 Internet Technology None 5-0 4

HS_60_ HSS Elective I None 5-0 4

BM_60_ Management Elective I None 5-0 4

HS2301 Professional development None 0-3 P/R

Total load and Credits 15-3 12

Contact hours: 15X2 + 3 = 33
1/3 Term:

Subject Subjects Name Pre- (L-T)-P Credit

No. Requisite
CE3101 Transportation Engineering None 3-0 4
CE3102 Soil Mechanics None 3-0 4
CE3103 Hydraulics Engineering CE2201 3-0 4
CE3104 Design of Concrete Structures CE2203 3-0 4
Breadth – I None 3-0 3
CE3701 Transportation Lab CE3101 0-3 2
CE3702 Soil Mechanics Lab CE3102 0-3 2
Total Load and Credits 15-9 23
Contact hours: 15X2 + 6 = 36

2/3 Term:

Subject Subjects Name Pre- (L+T)-P Credit

No. Requisite
CE3201 Environmental Engineering None 3-0 4
CE3202 Building Science None 3-0 4
CE3203 Design of Steel Structures CE2203 3-0 4
CE3204 Foundation Engineering None 3-0 4
Breadth-II None 3-0 3
CE3801 Environmental Engineering Lab CE3201 0-3 2
CE3802 Building Science Lab CE3202 0-3 2
CE3803 Design of Concrete and Steel Structures Lab CE3203/CE3104 0-3 2
Total load and Credits 15-9 25
Contact hours: 15X2 + 9 = 39

3/3 Term:

Subject Pre-
Subjects Name (L-T)-P Credits
No. requisite

CE3301 Summer Internship None 0-40 8

Total load and Credits 0-40 8

1/4 Term:

Subject Subjects Name Pre- (L-T)-P Credit

No. requisite
CE4101 Construction Engineering None 3-0 4
CE440_ Elective - I None 3-0 3/4
CE440_ Free Elective – I None 3-0 3/4
Breadth – III None 3-0 3
CE4700 Project None 0-9 6
CE4701 Construction Engineering Lab CE4101 0-3 2
Total load and Credits 12-12 21-23
Contact hours: 12X2 + 12 = 36

2/4 Term:

Subject Subjects Name Pre- (L-T)-P Credit

No. requisite
CE450_ Free Elective – II None 3-0 3/4
CE450_ Elective - II None 3-0 3/4
CE450_ Elective – III None 3-0 4
Breadth – IV None 3-0 3
CE4800 Project None 0-9 6
CE4801 Project viva None 2
Total load and Credits 12-9 21-23
Contact hours: 12X2 + 9 = 33

Total no of credits = 2X22+2X12+2X24+23+25+2X(20-23) = 214-220

NOTE: L = Lecture T = Tutorial P = Practical
Choice of Electives:
Electives I, II, and III can be taken from any of the courses being offered from a campus
which are expected to be a sub set of the list Electives given here.
Some of the electives also can be taken from the relevant ones from those being from other
departments with the approval of the Head of the department.

SI Elective Subject Elective Subject Pre - (L-T)- P Credits

No Code requisite
1 Structure CE4401 Matrix Structural Analysis CE2203 30 4
2 Engineering CE4402 Finite Element analysis None 30 3
3 CE4403 Design of Pre stressed concrete CE3104 30 3
4 CE4501 Design of concrete structure CE3104 30 3
CE4502 Design of Steel structure system CE3203 30 3
CE4503 Introduction to Dynamics None 4
8 Environmental CE4411 Air pollution science and None 30 4
Engineering engineering
9 CE4412 Clean development mechanism None 30 3
10 CE4511 Solid waste managements None 30 4
CE4512 Water treatment technology None 30 3
11 Construction CE4421 Construction contracts and None 30 3
Planning and specifications
12 Management CE4521 Construction quality and safety None 30 3
13 CE4522 Construction Method and None 30 4
14 Hydraulic and CE4431 Hydropower Engineering None 30 4
16 water resource CE4531 Groundwater Hydraulics None 30 3
17 Engineering CE4532 Remote sensing and GIS None 30 4

19 Soil CE4441 Machine Foundations None 30 3

20 Engineering CE4541 Dynamics of Soils and Foundation None 30 4
21 CE4542 Soil-Structure Interaction None 30 3
22 Transportation CE4451 Traffic Engineering and None 30 4
Engineering management
23 CE4551 Urban Transportation Engineering None 30 3

Note: The above stream wise classification of subjects is only suggestive and not mandatory
Requirements for Minor
Civil Engineering
Compulsory courses for all streams:

Sl. Subject Subject Name Semester Pre-requisite (L-T)-P Credits

No Number

1 CE2101 Surveying Autumn None 3-0 4

2 CE2701 Surveying Lab Autumn CE2101 0-3 2

3 CE2102 Construction Material and Autumn None 3-0 4

Introduction to design

4 CE3202 Building Science Spring None 3-0 4

5 CE3802 Building Science Lab Spring CE3202 0-3 2

Structure Stream (any three following theory courses and the associated labs):

Sl. Subject Subject Name Semester Pre - (L-T)-P Credits

No Number requisite

6 CE2103 Mechanics of Solids Autumn None 3-0 4

7 CE2203 Structural Analysis Spring None 3-0 4

8 CE2702 Mechanics of Solids Lab Spring CE2103 0-3 2

9 CE3104 Design of Concrete Autumn CE2203 3-0 4


10 CE3203 Design of Steel Structure Spring CE2203 3-0 4

11 CE3803 Design of Concrete and Spring CE3104 0-3 2
Steel Structure Lab

12 CE4401 Matrix Structural Analysis Spring CE2203 0-3 4

Hydraulics Stream (any three following theory courses and the associated labs):

Sl. Subject Subject Name Semester Pre - (L-T)-P Credits

No Number requisite
13 CE2201 Mechanics of Fluids Spring None 3-0 4

14 CE3103 Hydraulics Engineering Autumn None 3-0 4

15 CE2801 Mechanics of Fluids Lab Spring CE2201 0-3 2

16 CE3202 Water resource Spring None 3-0 4


17 CE4531 Hydropower Engineering Autumn None 3-0 4


Introduction: Types of Surveys, linear measurements, chain surveying, compass surveying,

accuracy, Chaining.

Theodolite: Triangulation Measurements, Traverse Survey and Computations, Vertical

Distance Measurement.

Leveling: Principle of Leveling, Simple and Differential Leveling, Adjustments,

Trigonometric Leveling, Contouring.

Plane table Surveying: Different Methods, Two and Three Point Problems.

Electronic Distance Measurement (EDM), Total Station Instrument, Minor Surveying

Instruments, Setting out Simple Works.

Introduction to Maps, photos and Scales, Remote Sensing and Mapping, Global Positioning
System, Applications of Surveying to Practical Problems.

 Anderson, J.M. and Mikhail, E.M., Surveying: Theory and Practice, McGraw Hill.,
 T.M. Lillesand and R.W. Kiefer, Remote Sensing and Image Interpretation, John
Wiley & Sons, 1994.
 Arora, K.R., Surveying , Vol. I, II and III, Standard Book House., 1995.
 Schofield, W. and Breach M., Engineering Surveying, 6th Ed, Butterworth-
Heineman., 2007.
 G. Joseph, Fundamentals of Remote Sensing, Universities Press, 2003.

Bricks and bricks masonry:

Manufacture, properties, classification and specifications, brick masonry and principles of
design of masonry structures.

Other materials:
Timber, Geotextile, FRPs, Epoxy-coated bar.

Constituents of concrete

Cement: Required raw materials, manufacturing of cement, hydration of cement, physical

properties of cement (Fineness, setting time, soundness, compressive strength, heat of
hydration specific gravity), chemical properties of cement, various types of cement.
Aggregate : Classification according to size, classification according to shape, characteristics
of aggregates (strength of aggregate, particle shape and texture, specific gravity, bulk density,
bulking of fine aggregate), fineness modulus, maximum size of aggregate.
Water: Quality of mixing water.
Admixtures: Functions of admixtures, classification of admixtures.
Properties of fresh concrete: Workability, measurement of workability, factors affecting
workability, requirements of workability.
Properties of hardened concrete: Strengths of concrete, stress and strain characteristics of
concrete, shrinkage, creep and durability of concrete, efflorescence, fire resistance, thermal
properties of concrete.
Production of concrete : Batching of materials, mixing of concrete materials, transportation
of concrete, placing of concrete, compaction of concrete, curing of concrete, form work.
Proportioning of concrete mixes and concrete mix design.


Stress and Strain: Tension, Compression and Shear; Uniaxial, Biaxial and general state of
deformation; Basic equations of elasticity for plane elasticity problems; Elastic constants and
their relations; Strain energy, Principal stresses and strains, Mohr's Circle; Membrane stresses
in thin and thick cylinders and simple shells; Theories of failure; Impact and cyclic loading;
Bending, Shear and Compression: Classical theory, various cross-sectional; shapes of beams,
shear stresses in beams; Unsymmetrical bending and shear center; Deflection of beams:
Double integration of governing differential equation; Euler buckling load of columns;
Torsion: Torsion of circular shaft, close coiled helical springs; Torsion of thin walled open
and closed sections and non-circular sections (formulae only without derivation)

1. Beer, F.P., and Johnston, JR, E.R., "Mechanics of Materials", (2nd Edition), McGraw
Hill, 1992.
2. Boresi, A.P., Schmidt, R.J. and Sidebottom, O.M., Advanced Mechanics of Materials
(4th Edition), John Wiley and Sons, 1993.
3. Popov, E.P., Mechanics of Materials, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, 1976.
4. Pytel, A. and Singer, F.L., Strength of Materials (4 th Edition), Harper Collins
Publishers, Singapore, 1987.
5. Srinath, l.S., Desayi, P.Murthy, N.S. and Anantha Ramu, S., Strength of Materials,
McMilan India Ltd., 1997.
6. Timoshenko, S. and Young, D.M., Element of Strength of Materials (5th Edition),
Affiliated East-West Private Limited, 1968.


Earth System: Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Cryosphere and atmosphere and their interactions;

Solid Earth: Shape, size, interior of the solid earth.

Geological materials: rocks, soils, minerals (clay mineralogy), Engineering and Genetic
classification of soils, rocks, rock cycles, rock-water interaction. Earth Processes and their
consequences, Geomorphological features, structures (folds, faults);

Earthquakes: Causes, classification, magnitude, intensity, Historical earthquakes, Seismic

hazards zoning, Strong ground motion, Earthquake prediction;

Landslides and Subsidence: Causes, Classification and Monitoring;

Groundwater: Groundwater resources and quality of ground water; Geology of India,

different cratonic blocks;

Geophysical mapping: Seismic, Resistivity, Radar, Geotomography, Logging;

Remote sensing, GIS and GPS: Basic principles and their applications in monitoring
Lithosphere, Hydrosphere, Cryosphereand Atmosphere; Criteria for site selections for Dam,
tunnels, waste/radioactive disposal sites


Fluid – definition, distinction between solid and fluid - Units and dimensions - Properties of
fluids – ideal and real fluids, Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids.

Fluid statics: concept of fluid static pressure, absolute and gauge pressures - pressure
measurements by manometers and pressure gauges.
Fluid Kinematics - Flow visualization - types of flow - velocity field and acceleration -
continuity equation (one and three dimensional differential forms)- Equation of streamline -
stream function - velocity potential function - circulation - flow net.

Fluid dynamics - equations of motion - Euler's equation along a streamline - Bernoulli's

equation – applications. Reynold's experiment, Venturi meter, Orifice meter, Pitot tube,
Nozzles, notches, cavitation, free and forced vortex. energy and momentum equations -
Applications, dimensional analysis - Buckingham's theorem- applications.

Viscous flow - Navier - Stoke's equation (Statement only) - Shear stress, pressure gradient
relationship - laminar flow between parallel plates - Laminar flow through circular tubes
(Hagen poiseulle's) - Hydraulic and energy gradient - flow through pipes - Darcy -weisback's
equation - pipe roughness -friction factor- Moody's diagram-minor losses - flow through
pipes in series and in parallel - power transmission – Boundary layer flows, boundary layer
thickness, boundary layer separation - drag and lift coefficients.

Reference Books

1. R.A. Granger, Fluid Mechanics, Holt Reinhart and Winstaw, 1985.

2. V.L. Streeter E.B. and Wylie, Fluid Mechanics, McGraw Hill Book Co., 1983.
3. R.L. Daugherthy, J.B. Franzini, E.J. Finnermore; Fluid Mechanics; with Engineering
Application, McGraw Hill, International Ed: 1989.


Hydrology - Hydrological cycle, precipitation and its measurement, recording and non
recording rain gauges, estimating missing rainfall data, rain gauge net works, mean depth of
precipitation over a drainage area, mass rainfall curves, intensity-duration curves, depth-area
duration curves. Infiltration and infiltration indices, evaporation stream gauging, run off and
its estimation.

Hydrograph analysis - hydrograph analysis, components, peaks flows, unit hydrograph and its
derivation from isolated and complex storms, S-curve hydrograph, synthetic unit hydrograph,

Floods - Types of floods and their estimation by different methods, probability and frequency
analysis, flood routing through reservoirs and channels, flood control measures, economics of
flood control.

Ground water - Occurrence, confined and unconfined aquifers, aquifer properties, hydraulics
of wells under steady flow conditions. Groundwater quality, Ground water recharge-necessity
and methods of improving ground water storage. Darcy’s law and its limitations. Formulation
of governing equations for groundwater movement. Flow nets and its uses. Hydraulics
of flow towards wells.

Irrigation & drainage- Irrigation, crop requirements and yields, irrigation scheduling. Weirs
on permeable foundations. Canals layout, stable channels, and silt control, canal losses and
Water logging- Theory of subsurface drainage. Seawater intrusion and its
control, Approximate solution. Water logging-causes, effects and its prevention. Salt
efflorescence causes and effects

Water resources planning and management - Planning of water resources projects, data
requirements, and economic analysis of water resources projects. Role of water in the
environment, rain water harvesting, impact assessment of water resources development and
managerial measures, Brief introduction of GIS for water resource management.

Texts/References Books

1. R.K. Linsley and J.L.H. Paulhus: Water Resources Engineering, McGraw Hill Book
Co., 1992.
2. 2.W.P. Creager and J.D. Justin: Hydroelectric Handbook, John Wiley, 1968.
3. Bharat Singh : Fundamentals of Irrigation Engineering, Nemchand Bros., Roorkee,
4. P.N. Modi, Irrigation water Resources and Water Power Engineering, Standard Book
House, New Delhi, 1990.


Introduction: Structural analysis, structure and load response.

Force response in statically determinate structures: Support reactions; Internal force in beams,
Axial forces in trusses; Axial forces in cables and funicular arches; Internal forces in frames,
Influence lines - using direct equilibrium and principle of virtual displacements.

Displacement response in statically determinate structures: Deflection in beams -

conventional methods; Principle of virtual forces; Basic energy methods.

Analysis of statically indeterminate structures (propped cantilever, fixed and continuous

beams, trusses and plane frames): Introduction; Method of consistent deformation and
theorem of least work (including two-hinged / fixed arches, plane frames and simple grids);
Approximate lateral load analysis of building frames (portal and cantilever methods);
Displacements using principle of virtual forces.

Kinematically indeterminate structures: Introduction to displacement methods; Slope

deflection method; Moment distribution method.

Basic matrix concepts: Review of matrix algebra; Introduction to matrix structural analysis
(force and displacement transformations; stiffness and flexibility matrices; basic
formulations; equivalent joint loads)


1. Elementary Structural Analysis - Norris, Wilbur and Utku, McGraw Hill.

2. Basic Structural Analysis - C.S. Reddy, Tata McGraw Hill.
3. Intermediate Structural Analysis - C. K. Wang, McGraw-Hill
4. Theory of Structures - Volumes 1 and 2, S P Gupta and G S Pandit, Tata McGraw Hill.
5. Structural Analysis - L.S.Negi & R.S. Jangid, Tata McGraw Hill.

6. Structural Analysis - A Unified Classical and Matrix Approach - Ghali, A and Neville,
A.M., Chapman and Hall.
7. Classical Structural Analysis - Anthony E. Armenikas, McGraw Hill.


Introduction to transportation Systems

Definition and objectives of transportation systems, fields of transportation, role of

transportation in society, modes of travel, transportation demand and supply, planning models
and mass transit systems, transportation costs.

Highway Engineering

Planning and Geometric Design of Highways

Basic principles, road development and planning in India, highway alignment, design of
crossectional elements, design of horizontal and vertical curves, IRC specifications

Design, Construction and Maintenance of Pavements

Requirements and tests on pavement materials, classification of pavements, design factors,

design of flexible pavements, design of rigid pavements, Construction practice including
modern methods, Highway drainage ,Special considerations for hilly roads.

Introduction to Traffic Engineering

Traffic characteristics, Traffic studies and their use, Traffic signs and signals, Traffic
intersection control.

Railway Engineering

Historical development of railways in India – Advantages of Railways – Classification of

Indian Railways – Permanent way – Components and their functions – Rail joints – Welding
of Rails – Creep of Rails – Rail fixtures & Fastenings.

Track Geometric design – Points & Crossings – Track drainage – Layout of Railway stations
and yards – Signals – Interlocking – Track circuiting – Track Maintenance.

Docks & Harbour Engineering:

Layout of Port components – Functions – Classification of Ports – Site selection – Natural

Phenomenon – Tides, Winds, Waves, Currents – Drift – Navigational aids.
Airport Engineering

Layout of Airports – Components functions – Aircraft characteristics – Airport site selection

– Airport obstructions – Runway design – Visual aids – Air traffic control.


Characteristics of soil: Introduction, Engineering geology and formation of soil, Soil types,
Engineering Classification of Soil, Soil structure and Clay minerals, Soil Compaction, field

Permeability: Bernoulli’s equation, Darcy’s law, hydraulic conductivity, lab tests for

Stress analysis: In-Situ Stresses, Effective stresses, Seepage force, Capillary rise, piping,
quicksand condition.

Seepage through soils: Seepage, Flow nets, Seepage calculations for geotechnical structures.

Compressibility and consolidation of soil: Settlement of Soil, Immediate settlement, Over

consolidation, Pre-consolidation pressure, Cc and Cs, Terzaghi’s theory of consolidation,
coefficient of consolidation, Settlement calculations.

Shear Strength of Soils: Stresses on soil elements, Mohr’s Circle, Principal Stresses, Pole,
Stress Path, Direct shear test, Mohr-Coulomb Failure criterion, Triaxial tests- drained and
undrained tests, Vane shear test, stress-strain relationships and strength of loose and dense
sands, NC and OC clays, dilation, pore pressures, Skempton’s coefficients, Liquefaction
phenomenon, Shear Strength of unsaturated soil, Liquefaction.

Stability of slopes: Methods, limit equilibrium method, method of slices and simplified
Bishop method, factors of safety.

1. Principals of Geotechnical Engineering, By: Braja M. Das., Fifth edition, First reprint
2002, low price edition, Thomson learning Inc.
2. Geotechnical Engineering Principles & Practices, By: Donald P Coduto 2002 print,
Pearson Education Limited.
3. Basic & Applied Soil Mechanics, By: Gopal Ranjan / Rao A.S.R. 2003 print, New Age
International Pvt Ltd.


Free surface flows -Introduction, Channels and their Geometric properties, Pipe flow and free
surface flow, continuity equation, energy in free surface flow. Velocity measurement and
distribution, discharge measurement by velocity-area method. Continuity and Momentum
Uniform flow - Resistance flow formula, Velocity distribution, Equivalent roughness
coefficient, Velocity coefficients, Uniform flow in rigid boundary channel, Uniform flow in
mobile boundary channel, normal and critical slopes.

Energy and Momentum Principle - Concept of Specific Energy, Critical Depth, Alternate
depth, Specific Force, Sequent depth.

Non-Uniform Flow - Governing equation of GVF, Classification of Gradually Varied Flow,

Computation of GVF profile, standard step method, Rapidly Varied Flow, hydraulic Jump,
Flow in Channel Transition.

Unsteady Flow - Wave and their classification, Surges, Characteristic equation, dam-break

Pipe Flow - Losses in pipes, Pipe in series and parallel, Pipe network analysis, Water
hammer, Surge tank.

Hydraulic machines - Fundamentals of hydraulic turbine theory; Turbine performance

characteristics and selection of turbines; Design of radial flow and axial flow turbines and
Pelton turbines; Fundamentals of Rotodynamic pumps; Centrifugal and axial flow pumps;
special duty pumps; cavitations in hydraulic machines.

1. V.T. Chow, Open Channel Hydraulics, McGraw Hill, 1975.
2. K.G. Rangaraju, flow in Open Channels, Tata McGraw Hill Publication Co. Ltd.,
New Delhi, 1993.
3. K.Subramanya, Flow in Open Channels, Tata McGraw Hill Publication co. Ltd. New
Delhi, 1992.
4. R.H. French, Open Channel Hydraulics, McGraw Hill Book Co., New York 1986.


Basic Design Concepts: working stress, ultimate load and limit states design.

Behaviour in Flexure: analysis at service and ultimate loads; singly and doubly reinforced
rectangular and flanged sections; design of beams and one-way slabs for flexure at ultimate
limit state as per IS 456; deflection control.

Behaviour in Shear and Torsion: analysis and design with and without shear reinforcement at
ultimate limit state as per IS 456.

Design for Bond: development length, splicing, curtailment, code requirements.

Design of one way, two-way slabs introduction of flat and ribbed slabs

Design of Compression Members: effective length, short columns subject to axial

compression with and without uniaxial/biaxial eccentricities; introduction to slender columns.

Design of Footings: types of footings, design of isolated and wall footings/combined footing

1. Reinforced Concrete Design (Second edition) - S. Unnikrishna Pillai and Devdas

Menon, Tata McGraw Hill
2. Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete - P. C. Varghese, Prentice Hall India
3. Design of Concrete Structures (12th edition) - Arthur H Nilson, Tata McGraw-Hill
Reinforced Concrete Limit State Design - Ashok K Jain , Nemchand &Bros.


Ecology and Environment, Environmental Pollution. Global issues on environment.

Water and waste water

General requirement for water supply, sources, quality and quantity of water, intake, pumping
and transportation of water.

Water supply and treatment: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for
water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit
processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment,
quantity and characteristics of wastewater. Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of
wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment,
quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit
operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal.

Air pollution:

Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution
control, air quality standards and limits.

Noise pollution:

Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of
noise pollution.

Solid waste management

Introduction to Solid Wastes and its Management, types of solid wastes, municipal solid
wastes, hazardous solid wastes, characterization of solid wastes, collection of solid wastes,
handling and transport of solid wastes, treatment and disposal of solid wastes.

Understanding of conventional signs and symbols; Building components: bonds and

brickwork, doors, staircases, simple foundations; Site and building planning: Site plans,
simple one-bedroom house, two-storied house, multi-storied apartment building; Planning
and layout of large scale commercial facilities

Design and drawing of continuous or two way slabs; continuous beam; column with a
footing; joint details beam-slab; beam-column and column-footing.

Design and drawing of built-up compression members; plate girder design, design and
drawing of laced/battened columns with base plate; moment resistant designs.

Reference Books:

1. Balagopal T.S. Prabhu, K. Vincent Paul, and C. Vijayan, "Building Drawing and
Detailing", Spades Publishers, Calicut, 1987.
2. M.G. Shah, C.M. Kale, and S. Y. Patki, "Building drawing with an integrated
approach to built environment - 4th Edition," Tata McGraw Hill, 2002.


Manufacture, different types of steel, steel in Civil Engineering (Structural, reinforcing bars,
Introduction to Building System; Load Path; Loading as per IS: 875 load Combinations;
Design Philosophy- Rolled Sections and Built-up sections, Optimization Design of Industrial
Structures; Connections, Welded and riveted; Failure Modes;
Design of Tension; Compression Members-effective length, buckling load;
Design of Flexural Members, accounting Lateral Buckling;
Design of Built-up column using lacing and batten plates;

Design of Column bases; Design of Anchor bolts; Design of Plate Girder and Gantry Girder;
Concept of Plastic Analysis;
Drawing and Detailing of an Industrial Structure.

1. Steel Structures Design and Behavior - Charles G. Salmon and John E. Johnson,
Harper and Row Publishers.
2. Steel Designer’s Manual (Fifth Edition) - Graham M. Owen & Peter R. Knowles -
3. Design of Steel Structures - P. Dayaratnam. Wheeler Publishing.
4. Design of Steel Structures - A. S. Arya & J. L. Ajmani Nemchand & Bros., Roorkee.
5. "Teaching Resources for Structures Steel Design" Volume 1 & 2. INSDAG, Calcutta.

Introduction and examples of foundation problems.

Characterization of ground: Site investigations, methods of drilling, sampling, In-situ test -

SPT, CPT, plate load and dynamic tests, groundwater level, etc.

Bearing capacity: Types of shear failures, correction factors, ultimate and allowable stresses,
Settlements of foundations, immediate, consolidation and creep settlements.

Shallow Foundations: Isolated, combined, mat, raft foundations etc., contact pressure

Deep Foundations: Piles, pile groups, Types of pile foundations, methods of installation,
shaft and base resistances, down drag, negative skin friction, pile load tests, Limit State
Design, stability and serviceability states, load and strength factors.

Earth Pressures: Coulomb and Rankine approaches, c-ø soils, smooth and rough walls,
inclined backfill, depth of tension crack, Earth retaining structures – gravity, cantilever,
counter fort, reinforced earth, etc.

Text Book:
1. Foundation Analysis and Design, By: Joseph E. Bowles., Fifth Edition, 2001 print, The
McGraw Hill Companies Inc.
2. Principals of Geotechnical Engineering, By: Braja M. Das., Fifth edition, First reprint
2002, low price edition, Thomson learning Inc.
3. Basic & Applied Soil Mechanics, By: Gopal Ranjan / Rao A.S.R. 2003 print, New Age
International Pvt Ltd.


Factors affecting selection of equipment and methods - Technical and economic;

Construction engineering fundamentals; Analysis of production outputs and costs; Methods
and equipment for Earthmoving, Lifting and erection, Material transport, Pile driving,
Dewatering; Concrete construction - batching, mixing, transport, placement, finishing,
formwork, scaffolding; Steel construction - fabrication and erection

Principles of Project Management, Project Planning, Introduction to scheduling -

work/project break down structures, Bar-charts; Principles of application of CPM and PERT;
Precedence Method; Updating; Time - cost tradeoffs, Resource constrained scheduling;
Resource leveling Project control; Performance Measurement, Earned value; Multiple
Construction Projects; Other network techniques

Estimation:- Objectives -Process components - Basic Principles of measurement - Units of

measurement - Quantification of various items of construction - Illustrative examples for
different types of structures - Reinforcement bar bending and bar requirement schedules -
Principles of rate analysis - Standard data and schedule of rates approximate estimates,
1. B.N. Dutta "Estimating & Costing in Civil Engineering Theory and Practice" UBS
Publishers & Distributors Limited New Delhi 1996.
2. M. Chakrabrti "Estimating, Costing, Specification and Valuation on Civil
Engineering" Calcutta, 2002
3. IS: 1200 - 1974- Parts 1 to 25, Methods of Measurement of Building and Civil
Engineering Works, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi
4. Standard Data Books of Central Public works Departments and Public Work
Department of States.



Chain surveying, Compass surveying, Theodolite surveying, Plane table surveying, Leveling,
Total station, Contouring, Tachometric surveying


Experiment on axial tension of mild steel and cast iron; strain ressolate, charpy, impact and
Izod test, hardness test, compression test on concrete and helical spring; bending of beams;
buckling of columns.

Experiments on shear centre; continuous and interconnected beams; unsymmetrical bending

of angle sections; buckling of columns of various cross-section and end conditions.


Orifice and Notch, Reynolds Experiment and Impact of Jet, Hydraulic Jump, Current
Meter/Velocity Distribution, Pipe Friction and Basic Hydrology Experiment, Infiltration
Experiment, Electrical Analogy.


Laboratory testing of subgrade soils, aggregates, bituminous binders and mixes for their
suitability in road construction with reference to BIS; Traffic studies; Pavement evaluation


Specific gravity of Soil Solids, Grain size analysis – Mechanical Method, Grain size analysis
– Hydrometer analysis, Atterberg limits determination – Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit,
Shrinkage Limit, Vane shear test, In-situ density of soils – Sand jar cone method, Coefficient
of permeability – Falling head method, Direct shear test, Unconfined Compression Test(UC),
Unconsolidated Undrained Test(UU), Compaction test, Consolidation test

Physical characteristics of water: Turbidity, Taste, Odor, Colour, Electrical conductivity;

Analysis of solids content of water: Dissolved, settleable, suspended, total, volatile, inorganic
etc.; Alkalinity and acidity ;Hardness: Total, calcium and magnesium; Analysis of ions:
Fluoride, copper, arsenic; Optimum coagulant dose; Break point chlorination; Settling
column analysis for sedimentation tank design; BOD and BOD rate constant determination
COD; DO and re-aeration constant determination; Bacteriological quality measurement:
MPN, plate count


Normal Consistency, initial setting time and compressive strength of cement.

Slump, compaction factor and Vee Bee time of fresh concrete. Compressive, tensile, and
flexural strengths of concrete. Water absorption, Compressive strength, efflorescence of
bricks. Flexural strength and abrasion resistance of tiles.

Bond strength tests on steel reinforcement; Flexural behaviour of under and over reinforced
concrete beams; Flexural behaviour of rolled steel section; Symmetric and unsymmetric
bending on singly symmetric section; Buckling behavior of steel struts; Torsional behavior of
open and closed sections; Shear strength of beams with and without web reinforcements;
Behaviour of reinforced concrete short column; Torsional behaviour of reinforced concrete
elements; Lateral torsional buckling of steel beams; Behaviour of steel bolted lap splices;
Plastic behaviour of steel propped cantilever.


Units of measurement - Quantification of various items of construction - Illustrative examples

for different types of structures - Reinforcement bar bending and bar requirement schedules -
Principles of rate analysis - Standard data and schedule of rates approximate estimates,


1. Basic matrix concepts: Review of matrix algebra; Introduction to matrix structural

analysis (force and displacement transformations; stiffness and flexibility matrices;
basic formulations; equivalent joint loads)
2. Matrix analysis of structures with axial elements: Conventional stiffness method using
truss elements in one- two- and three-dimensional pin-jointed structures; Reduced
stiffness method using truss element with single degree of freedom; Flexibility
method - analysis of statically determinate and indeterminate trusses
3. Introduction to advanced topics: Matrix analysis of grids and space frames using
conventional stiffness method and reduced stiffness method; Elastic instability and
second-order analysis; Introduction to finite element analysis.


1. Structural Analysis - A Unified Classical and Matrix Approach - Ghali, A and

Neville, A.M., Chapman and Hall.
2. Classical Structural Analysis - Anthony E. Armenikas, McGraw Hill.
3. Elementary Structural Analysis - Norris, Wilbur and Utku, McGraw Hill.
4. Intermediate Structural Analysis - C.K. Wang, McGraw Hill.
5. Structural Analysis - L.S. Negi & R.S. Jangid, Tata McGraw Hill.
6. Basic Structural Analysis - C.S.Reddy, Tata McGraw Hill.


Principles of discretization; Element stiffness mass formulation based on direct, variational

and weighted residual techniques and displacements, hybrid stress and mixed approaches,
shape functions and numerical integrations, convergence; displacement formulations for
rectangular, triangular and isoparametric elements for two dimensional and axisymmetric
stress analysis; thin and thick plates and shells; Semianalytical formulations; Three
dimensional elements and degenerated forms; Stiffener elements and modifications such as
use of different coordinate systems, use of nonconforming modes and penalty functions;
Application to layered composite plate/ shells, bridge, roof, nuclear and offshore structures;
Hybrid stress and mixed formulations for plates.


Concept on Mechanics; Materials; Properties of sections; Stress analysis - three methods;

Prestressing and Post stressing; Beam design - no tension and ultimate; Poles and slab panels;
Loss assessment; Composite beams; Design for shear. Large span structures; Structural forms
and design principles; Special materials, open web and built-up structures.

Flat slabs; Design for serviceability (deflection, crack-width); Stairs; Combined footings;
Raft foundation and Pile caps; Multistoreyed buildings systems; Basics of wind and
earthquake analysis; Detailing of structures for ductility; Elements of prestressed concrete;
Retaining walls: Cantilever and counterfort retaining walls; Water tanks; Introduction to
bunkers, silos and chimneys. Introduction to concrete bridges: IRC loading, slab bridges, T-
beam bridges.


1. 1. Reinforced Concrete Design - S.U.Pillai and D.Menon, Tata Mc-Graw Hill

Publishing Co.
2. Limit State Design of Reinforced Concrete - P.C.Varghese, Prentice Hall of India P.
3. Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design - P.C.Varghese, Prentice Hall of India P. Ltd.
4. Prestressed Concrete - N.Rajagopalan, Narosa Publishing House.
5. Essentials of Bridge Engineering - D. Johnson Victor, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.
Pvt. Ltd.


Design of moment resisting beam to column connections, Plastic analysis and design of
continuous beams and simple frames; Multistoried buildings. Industrial Structures, Gantry
girders, Liquid storage tanks, bunkers, silos, Conveyors structures, Chimneys; Highway and
railway bridges. Electric overhead and Microwave Towers.


1. Design of Steel Structures - Arya and Ajmani, Nemechand Bros.

2. Design of Steel Structures - Ram Chandra, Standard Book House.
3. IS: 800 - 1984 "Use of Structural Steel in General Building Constructions", BIS.
4. IS: 802 - "Use of Structural Steel in Overhead Transmission Line Towers"
5. IS: 875 - 1987 "Code of Practice for Design Loads" (Parts I, II & III).
6. IS: 6533 - 1992 "Steel Chimneys".
7. IS: SP (6) - 6 - 1972 "Application of Plastic Theory in Design of Steel Structures


Concepts of dynamics and Vibrations; Discrete and continuous systems ;Damped and
undamped systems; Single and Multidegre of Freedom systems; Analytical methods;
Transform Methods, Impulse and Earthquake response; Earthquake response spectra,
Response of multidegree of freedom systems; Numerical Methods for free and forced
Vibration Analysis; Continuous systems; Vibration Control.

History of air pollution; definition of air pollution and various types of sources and
classification of air pollutants.

Ambient air pollution monitoring: techniques and instrumentation; monitoring stations, Stack
monitoring: techniques and instrumentation. Experimental analysis: gaseous and particulates;
standards and limits.

Effects of gaseous and particulate air pollutants on humans, plants and materials; principles
of air pollution control and various control equipments at source.

Dispersion phenomenon of air pollutants covering diffusion and advection, meteorological

components, stability of atmosphere and corresponding plume shapes.

Air quality model, its definition, types and description of Gaussian based air quality model
for point source along with its application.

Indoor air pollution, sources, causes, its effects and control

Issues of concerns in air pollution: green house effect, acid rain, ozone hole, and
photochemical smog.

Reference Books:

1. Aerosol Technology: Properties, Behavior, and Measurement of Airborne Particles by

William C. Hinds.



Introduction to Climate Change and Global Warming, International Response to Climate

Change & Global Warming, Kyoto Protocol and its mechanism, objectives of Kyoto
protocol and details of the agreement.


Overview of Clean Development Mechanism, Administration and Participation, CDM

Project Cycle and Financing, Post Kyoto Negotiations and India.


CDM, Sustainable Development and its Assessment, The CDM Market, Types of Major
CDM Projects, Small Sectors and CDM, preparing CDM project design document (PDD)

Course Project

Municipal Solid Waste Management:-

Introduction to Solid wastes and Problems associated with improper disposal of Solid wastes,
Characteristics of solid waste, Composition and Handling of Solid Wastes : Sources and
Types of solid wastes, Waste generation and handling at source.

Collection of Solid Wastes: Collection of solid wastes, Transfer and Transport of wastes,
Material segregation, Recovery and Recycling, Management strategies.

Treatment and Disposal of Solid Waste: Volume reduction, Open dumping, land
filling techniques. Design and operation of landfills, Land farming, Deep well injection,

Hazardous Solid Waste Management:-

Hazardous Waste: Introduction, Classification, Generation, Toxicology, Bio-medical wastes.

Treatment and Disposal of Hazardous Waste: Physico-chemical processes, Biological

methods, Stabilization and Solidification, Thermal methods, Land disposal. Remedial

Reference Books

Handbook of solid waste management - Frank Kreith, George Tchobanoglous

Integrated Solid Waste Management: Engineering Principles and Management Issues -

George Tchobanoglous


Water Treatment:

Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water and their significance, water quality
criteria, water borne diseases, natural purification of water sources. Engineered systems for
water treatment: aeration, sedimentation, softening, coagulation, filtration, adsorption, ion
exchange, and disinfection.

Water distribution system Generation and collection of wastewater, sanitary, storm and
combined sewerage systems, Quantities of sanitary wastes and storm water. Design of
sewerage systems.
Waste Water treatment:-

Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater; Wastewater disposal standards.

Basics of microbiology. Biological wastewater treatment systems: Aerobic processes -
activated sludge process and its modifications, trickling filter, RBC, Anaerobic Processes-
conventional anaerobic digester, High rate and hybrid anaerobic reactors. Sludge digestion
and handling. Disposal of effluent and sludge.

Design problems on waste water distribution, sewerage, waste water treatment units,
wastewater treatment units and sludge digestion.

Reference Books:

Wastewater engineering: treatment and reuse Metcalf & eddy, inc., george
tchobanoglous, franklin burton, h. David stensel


Comprehensive study of different types of contracts and their working; Problems in the
operation of contracts; Claims and disputes; Arbitration case studies; Professional practice
ethics, duties and responsibilities; Construction specifications - standard specifications,
development, interpretation


Total quality management concepts; ISO9000; QA/QC systems and organizations, Quality
Audits; Problem solving techniques; Statistical Quality Control; Quality Function
Deployment; Material Quality Assurance; Specifications and Tolerances.

Safety issues; Injury accidents and their causes; Safety program components; Role of
workers, Supervisors, Managers and Owners; Safety Procedures for various construction
operations; Safety audits; Safety laws.


Factors affecting selection of equipment and methods - Technical and economic;

Construction engineering fundamentals; Analysis of production outputs and costs; Methods
and equipment for Earthmoving, Lifting and erection, Material transport, Pile driving,
Dewatering; Concrete construction - batching, mixing, transport, placement, finishing,
formwork, scaffolding; Steel construction - fabrication and erection.

Hydroelectric developments Location; Design and Construction; Water power estimates;

Types of turbines; Power house structures; Surges; Canals and penstocks; surge tanks; Water
hammer analysis.


Groundwater flow concepts; Porous media properties; permeability and conductivity tensors;
Darcy’s law; Governing flow equations; Saturated and unsaturated flows; Well hydraulics;
Governing equations for confined and unconfined acquifer; acquifer properties; Steady and
unsteady flows; Thiem-equilibrium equations; Type curves; Introduction to numerical
methods; Groundwater pollution and remediation; Groundwater recharge.


Modern Surveying Techniques: Electronic distance measuring instruments, Total station,

Electronic Theodolite, Triangulation: Concepts, Introduction to Global Positioning
System(GPS), GPS errors and accuracy, Diffrential GPS techniques, Photogrammetry,
Geometry of vertical aerial photographs, Photo scale, Stereoscopy and parallax.

Geographic Information System (GIS): What is GIS? Components of GIS, Raster and vector
data models, Scale, Projection, Datum and coordinate system, Data acquisition and
conversion techniques, Database management System, Query development, Spatial querying,
Geoprocessing, Elements of map making (Cartography), GIS Applications: Case studies.

Remote Sensing: Physical basis of Remote sensing, Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR),

Remote sensing platforms and sensor characteristics, image interpretation, Multi-spectral
remote sensing systems, Digital Image Processing and classification, Active and Passive
microwave remote sensing, Remote sensing Appliations: Case studies.

During the lab section the students will get hands on training in applying the concepts learned
during the Lecture using GIS and remote sensing software.


Introduction, Principles of dynamics and vibrations, Single degree and Multi degree of
freedom systems - free and forced vibrations, Introductions to vibration of continuous
systems - wave propagation in soil media, Laboratory and In-situ determination of dynamic
soil properties, Introduction to machine foundations and its practical considerations for
construction IS code of practice, Design of machine foundations.
 Principles of soil dynamics by Braja M Das., G V Ramana, second edition, 2001.
 D.D. Barkan, Dynamics of Bases and Foundations, McGraw-Hill, 1962.
 W.T. Thompson, Mechanical Vibrations, George Allen Unwin Ltd. S.P. Timoshenko
et. al.
 Vibration Problems in Engineering, John Wiley.


Introduction; Seismic Hazards: Mitigation of Seismic Hazards, seismology and earthquakes,

strong ground motion, seismic hazard analysis; Wave propagation in unbounded media: in
semi-infinite bodies, in layered soils and attenuation of stress waves; Dynamic soil
properties; Ground response analysis; Effect of local site conditions on ground motion;
Liquefaction: evaluation of liquefaction hazards, effects of liquefaction; Case studies.

Sources of vibration; Fundamentals of vibration theory; vibration criteria; Foundation

vibration analysis using simple physical models; Design of block and framed foundations;
Measurement of dynamic soil properties: Laboratory and field testing techniques; Vibration
isolation techniques. Isolators and isolating materials; Introduction to earthquake
Geotechnical Engineering

1. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering by Steven L. Kramer., prentice hall, 1996.
2. Prakash S. and Puri V. K. (1998) Foundation for machines: Analysis and Design, John
Wiley & Sons, New York, USA.
3. Prakash S. (1981) Soil Dynamics, McGraw-Hill, New York
4. Kameswara Rao N. S. V (1998) Vibration Analysis and Foundation dynamics, Wheeler
Publication Ltd.
5. Kramer S.L (1996) Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering, Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 5.
Rao S.S (2004) Mechanical Vibrations, Fourth Edition, Pearson Education, Singapore


Introduction, Interaction problems of retaining walls, Buried conduits - Design charts,

Interaction problems of shallow foundations, Combined footings, Beams on elastic
foundations, Modulus of sub grade reactions, Raft foundation, Sheet pile walls, Braced
excavation, Analysis of laterally loaded piles, Mechanism of failure, Ultimate load,
Deflections, Batter piles under vertical and lateral loads

Traffic stream characteristics

Introduction to traffic engineering, Fundamental parameters and relations of traffic flow,

Traffic stream models

Traffic measurement procedures

Measurement at a point, Measurement over a short section, Measurement along a length of

road, Automated traffic measurement

Specialised traffic studies:

Parking Studies, Accident Studies, Fuel consumption and emission studies, Congestion
studies, Toll operation, Pedestrian studies, Intelligent transportation system

Traffic intersection control:

Principles of traffic control, Traffic signs and road markings,Uncontrolled intersection,

Channelization,Traffic rotary, Grade separated intersection

Traffic signal design:

Elements of traffic signal,Design principles of a traffic signal,Evaluation of a traffic

signal,Capacity and Los analysis of a signalized I/S,Coordinated traffic signal,Vehicle
actuated signals and Area traffic control



Transport Planning Process, Problem Definition, Solution Generation, Solution Analysis,

Evaluation and Choice, Implementation, Sequence of Activities Involved in Transport

Trip Generation

Trip Production Analysis, Trip Attraction Modelling, Category Analysis.

Mode Choice Models

Influencing Factors, Earlier Modal Split Models, Trip-End Type Modal Split Model, Trip-
Interchange Modal Split Model, Model calibration, Case studies