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Name: Serion, Silverio Modesto G.

ME 400 – A
Course & Year: BSME – IV
On-the-Job Training Monthly Report
Company: Komatsu Human Resource Development Center (Philippines)
Place of OJT: Construction Manpower Development Center, Barangay Salawag, Dasmariñas
City, Cavite
Inclusive Dates: April 1-30, 2019

 When we first arrived, a set of uniform (polo shirts, pants, working boots, hard hat, safety
glasses, and ID card) were given to us and then headed to our respective room and group
 On the first module day, the facilitators, place or dormitory, and schedule were introduced.
The manager, Mr. Yoshinori Tono, instructed us on what each should expect to learn during
and after the 2-month traineeship program. Also discussed were the information about
company, its goals, mission and vision, and job opportunities.
 First module discussed for one (1) day was Safety. We were also asked to group ourselves
and eliminate the dangers in given a situation.
 We then had an opening ceremony officiated by the Batch 11 trainees.
 Second module discussed for two (2) days was measuring a component and seeing if it fits
within the standard range. Different tools were taught to us such as the Vernier caliper,
in/out Vernier caliper, micrometer, cylinder gauge & micrometer and dial gauges for
detecting small bumps.
 We were given an activity wherein we are going to measure different components such as
engine liner, engine piston, connecting rod, piston pin, steel bushing, engine valve & liner
presser tool).
 Another set of tools were presented: battery coolant tester, tachometer, and Infrared
 An exercise was then conducted such as measuring the anti-freeze component in coolant,
moving fan speed, battery electrolyte percentage, and engine manifold temperature.
 Third module discussed for one (1) day was Seal and Hose. Shown were the function,
kinds, part numbering, characteristics, and installation of: O-ring, back-up rings, oil seal,
floating seal and liquid gasket. The structure, part numbering, and installation of different
kinds of hose was introduced thereafter.
 Fourth module discussed for one (1) day was General Skills: Tightening, Safety & Tools.
Under the module was 5S (Japanese-English: Seiri – Clearing up workplace, Seiton –
Organize the tools, equipment and materials, Seiso – Fight dirt, dust and rust, Seiketso –
Maintain a high standard of housekeeping and workplace organization, Shitsuke – Make
5S a habit and code of discipline), proper body posture, worn out tools, proper use of tools.
 Discussed were kinds of spanners, adjustable wrenches, offset wrench, box wrench, flare
nut wrench, socket wrenches, hook wrench & circle nut wrench, Allen wrench, screw
drivers , pliers, pipe and filter wrench, hammer, chisel & puncher, pullers and correct
fittings and size and thread diameter of bolts.
 Also discussed are the tightening order of simple and irregular shapes, tightening torque
for respective thread diameter of bolts, tensile strength & elongation, relationship of
tightening torque and fastening force, bolt loosening because of distortion, double nut and
angle tightening. Another tool was also taken up such as the different kinds of torque
wrench, and tapping tool and Loctite.
 We were then sent to the workshop to disassemble and assemble a hydraulic hose training
 In the second week, we were scheduled to do welding and driving of heavy machines.
 We first had to do welding for two (2) days. Welding terminologies, electrical terms,
welding, history of arc welding, classifications, processes were then discussed. Expounded
to us was a skills development training in Shielded Metal Arc Welding headed by a DOST
certified instructor. Duty cycles, work cable, electrode holders and additional tools,
electrodes and its classifications and personal protective equipment for welding were
presented. Because of the nature of welding, safety practices and dangers were also
 After the discussion, we had to weld plates in a butt joint and T-joint while wearing
personal protective equipment.
 The other two (2) days was set for driving of heavy equipment such as the hydraulic
excavators, crawler track or bulldozer, wheel loader, forklift, and a virtual simulation of
driving a hydraulic excavator.
 In the third week, we were assigned to wash the heavy machine for one (1) day and then
tackle the fifth module which is Basic Hydraulics.
 For four (4) days extended until the fourth week, we had to learn the functions of basic
hydraulics as the fifth module. Discussed were pressure with/out resistance, amplification,
flow rate, cavitation caused by hot oils, surge pressures, hydraulic symbols & circuits,
equipment lay-out, pump, its control in different states, spools, control valve components,
and kinds of actuators.
 Afterwards, we were assigned to disassemble and assemble different components of the
hydraulic such as the control valve, hydraulic cylinder, transmission motor, and for our
group which is hydraulic pump. We were then task to explain the mechanisms of our
respective part to our co-trainees.
 Continuing on was the sixth module which was the Basic Electricity & Mechatronics for
seven (7) days. In this module there were a lot of experiments to really comprehend and
visualize the systems. Discussed were the components in heavy equipment that used
electricity such as alternator the parts, location, discharge, removal of battery.
 Taught to us that another component highly used because its versatility and high
dependency was solenoids such as the horn, battery relay, safety starter motor relay, heater
relay, on/off solenoid and different pole-throw relays.
 With importance, switches were then laid and its different application such as the horn,
light, buzzer cancel (removal of unwanted sounds), swing lock and safety lock (prevent
unnecessary movement when starting), starting switch (connect components that are
needed before running), fuel dial (allow a great torque needed when load is high), and
toggle switch.
 With great understanding, diodes were also presented as it a simple and efficient way to
keep circuits from burning itself when a component is set to off.

Inclusive Dates: May 1-31, 2019

 We have learned that because of the use of solenoids and switches, mechatronics can now
be applied because it acts a sensor and the readings is converted in the display port of a
heavy equipment. Pressure sensors, coolant level sensor, engine oil level sensor, air
clogging sensor are switch or On/Off type sensor. Resistance type sensors give specific
level such as the hydraulic oil temperature sensor, cooling water temperature sensor, fuel
level sensor, and thermistors.
 There were about 29 hands-on experiments related to electricity and mechatronics.
 On the sixth week of training, basic power train structure & function was discussed for five
(5) days. In this section was the different drive types, functions of main clutch, damper &
torque converter, the steering clutch and brake of heavy machines, types and applications
of gears, different transmissions, differential, service brake, final drive, and hydrostatic
steering system.
 After discussion, we proceeded to the workshop. We then disassemble and assemble
different components such as the planetary gear transmission, countershaft gear
transmission and for our group the differential gear system for the wheel loader. Next, we
reported the parts and mechanisms of our respective component to other groups and vice
 The following two (2) weeks or ten (10) days was all about basic engine structure and
function which was the last module.
 The first few days were all about the diesel engines used by Komatsu products, difference
between 2 stroke and 4 stroke, gasoline versus diesel, structure and function of engines,
the electrical systems, mechanical system, air system, cooling system, fuel system and
lubricating system. Also discussed were the improvements Komatsu is making in order to
cope up to the strict international regulations concerning byproducts and pollution.

 For the last week of training, was the closing week:

 On Monday, we had to clean at different parts in training area, workshop and dormitory.
 On Tuesday, we had a Distributor Tour in Maxima Offices (only known new Komatsu
product distributor in the Philippines) at Makati. They presented to us the purpose, mission
and vision, leaders, shareholders and also rebuild centers of the company.
 For Wednesday, we had to report what were discussed in the distributor tour as a
preparation for the final presentation to be held the following day.
 On the Thursday was the final report with every facilitator, including the manager. We
presented what we have learned throughout the training, what modules impressed us the
most and the ones that were so-so, and what we suggest for the future traineeship program.
Afterwards was the closing ceremony and the giving of certificates. In the afternoon, we
presented our respective colleges and universities.
 In the evening was the farewell party, and was officiated by Batch 11 and the Student