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Main pump of DX Excavator

K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

Jan., 18th . 2007


Overseas P/S Team
Docu. No : DXT MPK 0508 – Rev 01
K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

Applied model

T5 : DX140LC,DX225LC (Tong myung)


K3 : DX255LC (Kawasaki)
K5 : DX300LC (Kawasaki)

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Section drawing

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Pump schematic

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Pilot pump section drawing & schematic

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Proportional valve section drawing & schematic

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ P- Q Curve (DX225LC)

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ P- Q Curve (DX255LC)

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ P- Q Curve (DX300LC)

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Flow control (Decrease oil flow)

Control valve spools are neutral position ( no


working condition), main pump doesn’t need to
discharge lots oil.

High nega-con pressure comes up to pilot


piston on main pump regulator.
The pilot piston makes spool move to decrease
oil flow. How?
High nega-con pressure

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Flow control (Decrease oil flow)

Oil tank
High nega-con pressure Under spool neutral position,
C/ V
discharge oil goes to oil tank directly
trough small orifice.

Decrease oil flow

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Flow control (Increase oil flow)

When spool is moved ( for working), main


pump should be discharged lots oil to
control valve for supplying oil to actuator.

Low nega-con pressure comes up to pilot


piston.
The pilot piston makes spool move to
increase oil flow. How?
Low nega-con pressure

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Flow control (Increase oil flow)

Oil tank
Low nega-con pressure
Actuator
C/ V Spool is switched, all of discharge oil
goes to actuator, So nega con pressure
is drop.

Increase oil flow

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power control (Decrease oil flow)

The com-pen spool senses both pump system


pressure. (average pressure of both pump is
applied on com-pen spool)
If average pressure over come spring set
force, oil flow is decreased. How?

com-pen spool

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power control (Decrease oil flow)

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power control (Increase oil flow)

The com-pen spool senses both pump system


pressure. (average pressure of both pump is
applied on com-pen spool)
If average pressure is decreased, the com-
pen piston is moved to left side. oil flow is
increased. How?

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power control (Increase oil flow)

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (1)

When pilot pressure is come to com-pen piston behind


chamber, it will help com-pen piston moving.
If no pressure there, moving com-pen piston is a little
bit harder then high pressure.
If there are no pilot pressure there, in order to move
the com-pen piston, more high system pressure is
applied on blue chamber, isn’t it?
Now. Let’s compare that high pressure and low
pressure on behind chamber (Red)
Controlling for decrease oil.
- Standard mode :
System pressure + Pilot pressure
- Power mode :
System pressure only

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (2)

Input current

2nd pressure 2nd pressure

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (3)

* Data from DX300LC


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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (4) : Power mode – 150~400 mA (2nd pressure is 0~16 bar)

0 bar
(16bar)

150 mA (~400mA)

* Data from DX300LC 22


K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (5)

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* Data from DX300LC
K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (6) : Standard mode – 400~600 mA (2nd pressure is 16~32 bar)

16 bar
(32bar)

400 mA (600mA)

* Data from DX300LC 24


K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (7)

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* Data from DX300LC
K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (8) : Low idle, Auto idle – 600 mA (2nd pressure is 32 bar)

32 bar

600 mA

* Data from DX300LC 26


K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (8)

* Data from DX300LC


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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Power shift (9)

Model Working mode Current (mA) 2nd Pressure (bar)

Power 150 ~ 600 1 ~ 32


DX140LC Standard 250 ~ 600 6 ~ 32
Low engine 600 32
Power 200 ~ 600 0 ~ 28
DX225LC Standard 300 ~ 600 8 ~ 28
Low engine 600 28
Power 150 ~ 600 0 ~ 31
DX255LC Standard 300 ~ 600 7 ~ 31
Low engine 600 31
Power 150 ~ 400 1 ~ 16
DX300LC Standard 400 ~ 600 16 ~ 32
Low engine 600 32

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Measure point (Power shift)

* Data from DX300LC 29


K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Max. / Min. flow adjustment.

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K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Pressure control (Power control) flow adjustment.

Outer adjust
screw - Flow adjusting (II) – Pressure control

Inner adjust
screw

Outer adjust screw

Inner adjust screw 31


K3 / K5 / T5 Main pump

ƒ Flow control (Nega con control) flow adjustment.

Flow adjust screw 32