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 Connected Discourse
o Identify what type of discourse is being manifested in every item
Narration,Description, Exposition,Argument
Poetic, Expressive,Transactional

 Brainstorming
Rules in Brainstorming

 Graphic Organizer
 Outlining
Reading of sentence outline and identifying the important ideas

 Narration- derived from the words nararre and gnarus

 Description pattern of a paragraph/ Descriptive Essay
1.Develops mental realization to the readers.
2.Allows the reader to sense the world around .
3.Makes the reader to see, feel ,smell, taste ,hear and touch what the writer had experienced.

 Narrative Essay- usually tells a fictional story-made up or real-life story

 Definition Essay- used to give the derivation of a word,to explain word or expression, to define a concept.
The purpose is to explain to the readers your understanding of a key term or concept


A ballad is a song that tells a story

 Cause and Effect Essay-

- it is when you fully explain the cause and effect that are the focus of the essay's thesis and presents
these causes of effects
- explains why something happens ,what causes it, what are the effects , and how it is related to
something else

Cause- The reason something happened in a given situation.

Effect- The result of what happened in a given situation.

 Compare and Contrast

1.Comparison- used when only the similarities are given
2.Contrast - used when only the differences are included
Take note: choose the best and most relevant items to be compared and contrasted

 Classification Essay- Based the natural human instinct for arranging things from lower to higher.
-In discussing each of the categories, define and describe each category
Basic for classification essay
1. Generate possible topics
2. Make sure topics do not overlap
3. Determine an effective basis for categorizing

 Persuasive Writing- states your point of view about a specific topic and tries to convince readers to think
the same as you do.
-The main intention of the author in writing a persuasive paer is to convince the reader to agree
with the author about an issue through the use of fictional facts.

Components of Persuasive Writing

Topic sentence, Details, Concluding Sentence