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PAPER WITH SOLUTION

8th January 2020 _ SHIFT - 2


PHYSICS
1. A uniform sphere of mass 500g rolls without slipping on a plane horizontal surface with its centre
moving at a speed of 5.00 cm/s. Its kinetic energy is :
(1) 6.25 ×10-4 J (2) 8.75 ×10-3 J (3) 1.13 ×10-3 J (4) 8.75 ×10-4 J
500 g æO; eku dk, d , dl eku xksy kfcukfQl y sgq
, , d {kS
fr t l er y l r g i j y q
<+
d r kgq
v kpy j gkgS(rolls without
slipping) r Fkk bl dsæO
; eku dsUædhxfr 5.00 cms gS -1
A xksy sdhxfr t Åt kZgS %
(1) 6.25 ×10-4 J (2) 8.75 ×10-3 J (3) 1.13 ×10-3 J (4) 8.75 ×10-4 J
Sol. 4

K.E. of the sphere = Translational K.E. + Rotational K.E.


1  k2 
 mv2  1 
2 R 2 
K = Radius of gyration
2
1 1  5   2
=   1 
2 2  100   5

35
=  104 J
4
= 8.75×10-4J

2. In double-slit experiment, at a certain point on the screen the path difference between the two
1
interfering waves is th of a wavelength. The ratio of the intensity of light at that point to that
8
at the centre of a bright fringe is :
(1) 0.853 (2) 0.760 (3) 0.672 (4) 0.568
1
, d f} &f>j hç; ksx esai nsZi j , d LFkku i j nksO
; fr dj .kdj usoky hr j a
xksadki Fkka
r j mudsr j a
xnS
?; Zdk gS
a
Ar c bl LFkku
8
i j çdk' k dhr hozrk dk , d pedhy hfÝa
t dschp esaçdk' k dhr hozrk l svuq
i kr gksxk %
(1) 0.853 (2) 0.760 (3) 0.672 (4) 0.568
Sol. 1
  
I  I0 cos2  
 2

 2 
I 2
   x  2   
 cos    cos   ;  0.853
I0  2   8  I0
 
3. A galvanometer having a coil resistance 100 gives a full scale deflection when a current of
1 mA is passed through it. What is the value of the resistance which can convert this galvanom-
eter into a voltmeter giving full scale deflection for a potential difference of 10 V?
(1) 8.9 K (2) 10 K (3) 9.9 K (4) 7.9 K
, d xS Yosukseki hdhdq a
My hdk çfr j ks/k 100 gSr Fkk bl esal s1 mA fo| q r /kkj k cgusi j ; g i w j hr j g l sfo{ksfi r gkst kr k
gSA ; fn bl s, d , sl soksYVeki hesacny uk gkst ks10 V foHkokUr j y xkusi j i w
j k fo{ksfi r gkst k; r ksbl i j y xk; st kusoky s
çfr j ks/k dk eku gksxk %
(1) 8.9 K (2) 10 K (3) 9.9 K (4) 7.9 K
Sol. 3
Vg = ig Rg = 0.1 V
V = 10 V
 V 
R  Rg   1
 Vg 
=100 × 99 = 9.9 K

4. An object is gradually moving away from the focal point of a concave mirror along the axis of the
mirror. The graphical representation of the magnitude of linear magnification (m) versus dis-
tance of the object from the mirror (x) is correctly given by (Graphs are drawn schematically and
are not to scale)

(1) (2) (3) (4)

, d oLr q, d vor y ni Z. k dsl keusbl dsv{k i j py r sgq


, bl dsQksd l l s/khjs&/khjsnwj t k j ghgS
A , sl hvoLFkk esafuEu
esal sdkSu l k xzkQ bl oLr qdsj s[kh; vko/kZ
u (m) dseku dk l Eca /k bl dsni Z . k l snw
j h (x) dsl kFk n' kkZ
r k gS
A¼ xzkQ
lad srkRed gSa
½

(1) (2) (3) (4)

Sol. 4
At focus, magnification is .
5. As shown in the figure, a battery of emf  is connected to an inductor L and resistance R in series.
The switch is closed at t = 0. The total charge that flows from the battery, between t = 0 and
t = TC (Tc is the time constant of the circuit) is :

L L R L  1
(1) (2) (3) (4)
R2  1  e 
eR 2 R2 eL2
fp=kkuql kj fo| q
r &okgd cy  dh, d cSVj hdksØec) Js.khesat ksM+d j y xsgq, çsjd L r Fkk çfr j ks/k R l st ksM+
k x; k gS
A
; fn fLop dksl e; t = 0 i j cUn dj fn; k t k; r kst = 0 vkS
j t = TC (Tc i fj i Fk dk l e; fLFkj ka
d gS) dschp cS Vj hl s
cgusoky hvkos'k dk eku gS :

L L R L  1
(1) (2) (3) (4) 1 
eR 2 R2 eL2 R 2  e
Sol. 1
TC

q  idt
0

TC
 
  e  t / TC  
 t   ;   TC  TCe 1  TC 
R 1  R 
 TC 
 0

 1 L L
   :  2
R e R R e

6. A simple pendulum is being used to determine the value of gravitational acceleration g at a


certain place The length of the pendulum is 25.0 cm and a stop watch with 1 s resolution
measures the time taken for 40 oscillations to be 50 s. The accuracy in g is :
(1) 3.40% (2) 5.40% (3) 2.40% (4) 4.40%
, d l k/kkj .k y ksy d dk ç; ksx fdl hLFkku i j xq
: Rokd"kZ
. k dsdkj .k Roj .k g dk eku Kkr dj usdsfy ; sfd; k t kr k gS
a
A ; fn
y ksy d dhy EckbZ25.0 cm gksvkS j bl ds40 nksy uksadsfy ; s, d 1 s fo; kst u (resolution) oky hLVkWi okp l suki k x; k
l e; 50 s gksr ksg dseku dh i fj ' kq ) r k (accuracy) gksxh%
(1) 3.40% (2) 5.40% (3) 2.40% (4) 4.40%
Sol. 4
 4 2 
T  2 g
g T2

g L 2 T
 
g L T

0.1  1 
  2
25.0  50 
= 4.40 %

7. A particle moves such that its position vector r(t)  cos tˆi  sin tj ˆ where  is a constant and t is
 
time. Then which of the following statements is true for the velocity v(t) and acceleration a(t) of
the particle :
  
(1) v and a both are parallel to r
  
(2) v is perpendicular to r and a is directed away from the origin
  
(3) v is perpendicular to r and a is directed towards the origin
  
(4) v and a both are perpendicular to r

, d py k; eku d.k dhl e; t i j fLFkfr r(t)  cos tˆi  sin tjˆ osDVj } kj k nht kr hgS
A ; gk¡ i j , d fLFkj ka
d gSA , sl s
 
esad.k dsosx v(t) r Fkk bl dsRoj .k a(t) dsfy ; sfuEu esal sdkS u l k dFku l R; gS
\
  
(1) v vkS j a nksuksagh r dsl ekukUr j gSa
A
  
(2) v y Ecor ~gSr dsr Fkk a dh fn' kk ew y fcUnql snw
j t kr h gq
bZgS
A
  
(3) v y Ecor ~gSr dsr Fkk a dh fn' kk ew y fcUnqdhvksj gS A
 
(4) v vkS j a nksuksagh r dsy Ecor ~gSA
Sol. 3

r  cos tˆi  sin tj ˆ

 dr
v  ( sin tˆi  cos tj)ˆ
dt

 dv
a  2 (cos tˆi  sin tj)ˆ
dt

a  2 r
 
 a is antiparallel to r

v.r  ( sin t cos t  cos t sin t)  0
 
So, v  r

8. A particle of mass m is dropped from a height h above the ground. At the same time another
particle of the same mass is thrown vertically upwards from the ground with a speed of 2gh . If
they collide head-on completely inelastically. the time taken for the combined mass to reach the
h
ground, in units of is :
g

1 1 3 3
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2 2 4 2
m æO ; eku ds, d d.k dks/kj kr y l sh Å¡pkbZl sNksM+k t kr k gS
A ml hl e; i j l eku æO ; eku ds, d d.k dks/kj kr y l s
ÅèokZ
èkj fn' kkesaÅi j dhvksj 2gh xfr l sç{ksfi r dj kt kr kgS A; fn ; snksd.kvkeus&l keus(head-on) i w. kZ
r %vçR; kLFk
h
: i l sVdj kr sgksar kst q
M+sgq
, d.kksadks g dhbdkbZekur sgq
, /kj kr y r d i gq
¡pusesay xusoky k l e; gksxk :

1 1 3 3
(1) (2) (3) (4)
2 2 4 2
Sol. 4

h
time for collision t1  2gh

After t1

gh
v A  0  gt1  
2

 1 
and VB  2gh  gt1  gh  2  
 2
at the time of collision
 
Pi  Pf
  
 mVA  mVB  2mVf

gh  1  
  gh  2    2vf
2  2

vf  0

1 2 h 3h
and height from ground = h  gt1  h  
2 4 4

 3h 
 4  3h
so time  2 
g 2g

9. A particle of mass m and charge q is released from rest in a uniform electric field. If there is no
other force on the particle, the dependence of its speed v on the distance x travelled by it is
correctly given by (graphs are schematic and not drawn to scale)

(1) (2) (3) (4)


m æO; eku ds, d vkosf' kr d.k] ft l i j vkos'k q gS
] dks, dl eku fo| q
r {ks=k esafLFkj voLFkk l sNksM+k t kr k gS
A ; fn bl i j
dksbZvkSj cy u y x j gk gksr ksbl dhxfr v r Fkk bl ds} kj k py hx; hnw j hx esal Eca /k fuEu esal sfdl xzkQ } kj k çnf' kZ
r
fd; k t kr k gS
\ ¼
xzkQ l a
d srkRed gSa
½

(1) (2) (3) (4)

Sol. 2
2qE
V2  
m

1
10. A Carnot engine having an efficiency of is being used as a refrigerator. If the work done on
10
the refrigerator is 10 J, the amount of heat absorbed from the reservoir at lower temperature is:
(1) 1J (2) 100J (3) 99J (4) 90J
1
, d dkuksabUt u dhn{kr k (efficiency) gSvkS
j bl s, d j sfÝt j sVj ds: i esaç; ksx esay k; k t k j gkgS
A ; fn j sfÝt j sVj
10
i j fd; k t kusoky k dk; Z10 J gksr ksfuEur ki oky sr ki dq
. M l svo' kksf"kr dht kusoky hÅ"ek dk eku gS
:
(1) 1J (2) 100J (3) 99J (4) 90J
Sol. 4
For Carnot engine using as refrigerator
T 
W  Q2  1  1
 T2 

1 T2 T2 9
It is given   10    1  T  T  10
1 1

So, Q2 = 90 J (as W = 10 J)

11. A capacitor is made of two square plates each of side ‘a’ making a very small angle  between
them, as shown in figure. The capacitance will be close to :

 0a2  a  0 a2  3a  0a2  a  0a2  a


(1)
d 1  2d  (2)
d 1  2d  (3)
d 1  d  (4)
d 1  4d
,d l a/kkfj =k nksoxkZ d kj Iy sVksa¼
vkdkj a  a½l scuk gS A Iy sVksadschp , d cgq
r NksVk dks.k 'a' gSt S
l k fd fp=k esafn[ kk; k
x; k gS
A bl l a /kkfj =k dhfo| q r /kkfj r k fuEu esal sfdl dsfudVr e gksxh\

 0a2  a  0 a2  3a  0a2  a  0a2  a


(1)
d 1  2d  (2)
d 1  2d  (3)
d 1  d  (4)
d 1  4d

Sol. 1

 0adx
dc 
d  x
0 a a
c n  d  x  
 0

0 a  a 0 a2  a
 n 1   1  2d 
  d  d

12. A plane electromagnetic wave of frequency 25 GHz is propagating in Vacuum along the z-direc-

tion. At a particular point in space and time, the magnetic field is given by B  5  108ˆjT . The

corresponding electric field E is (speed of light c = 3×108 ms-1)
(1) 1.66  1016ˆiV / m (2) 15iˆ V / m

(3) 1.66  1016ˆiV / m (4) 15iV ˆ /m


25 GHz vkof̀Ùkdh, d l er y fo| qr &pq
Ecdh; r j ax fuokZr esaz-fn' kkesapy j ghgS A ; fn fdl h, d l e; i j , d LFkku i j
 
rja
x dk pq
Ecdh; {ks=k B  5  108ˆjT gksr ksogk¡ i j ml l e; fo| q r {ks=k E gksxk %(çdk' k dhxfr c = 3×108 ms-1)
(1) 1.66  1016ˆiV / m (2) 15iˆ V / m

(3) 1.66  1016ˆiV / m ˆ /m


(4) 15iV
Sol. 4
E
c
B
E=B×c
= 15 N/c
13. Consider two charged metallic spheres S1 and S2 of radii R1 and R2 respectively. The electric fields
E1 (on S1) and E2 (on S2) on their surfaces are such that E1/E2 = R1/R2 . Then the ratio V1 (on S1)/
V2 (on S2) of the electrostatic potentials on each sphere is :
3
 R1 
(1) R1/R2 (2) (R2/R1) (3) (R1/R2)2 (4)  
R 2

/kkr q
v ksal scusgq
, nksxksy sS1 vkS j S2 ft udhf=kT; k, ¡ Øe' k%R1 vkS
,
j R2 gSvkosf' kr gS
A ; fn budhl r g i j fo| q r {ks=k E1
(S1 i j ) r FkkE2 (S2 i j ) , s
l sgS
afd E1/E2 = R1/R2 r ksbu i j fLFkj oS|q
r oksYVr k V1 (S1 i j ) r Fkk V2 (S2 i j ) dk vuqi kr
V1/V2 gks xk %
3
 R1 
(1) R1/R2 (2) (R2/R1) (3) (R1/R2) 2
(4)  
 R2 
Sol. 3
E1 r
 1
E2 r2
2
V1 Er r r r 
 11  1  1   1
V2 E2r2 r2 r2  r2 

14. Consider a mixture of n moles of helium gas and 2n moles of oxygen gas (molecules taken to be
rigid) as an ideal gas Its CP/CV value will be :
(1) 23/15 (2) 40/27 (3) 19/13 (4) 67/45
ghfy ; e xS
l dsn eksYl vkS
j vkW
Dl ht u xS
l ¼
bl dsv.kq
v ksadksn`<+ekus½ds2n eksYl dhfeJ.k dksvkn' kZxS
l ekusar ksbl
feJ.k dsfy ; sCP/CV dk eku gksxk:
(1) 23/15 (2) 40/27 (3) 19/13 (4) 67/45
Sol. 3
n1CP1  n2Cp2
 mix 
n1C v1  n2C v2

5  7 
n  R   2n  R 
2  2  5  14 19
  
3  5  3  10 13
n  R   2n  R 
2  2 

15. In the given circuit, value of Y is :

(1) 0 (2) will not execute (3) 1 (4) toggles between 0 and 1
fn; sx; si fj i Fk esaY dk eku gS%

(1) 0 (2) i fj i Fk dk; kZ


fUor ughagksxk (3) 1 (4) 0 vkS
j 1 chp esa?kVr k&c<+
rk
Sol. 1

Y  AB  A

 AB  A
= AB + A
=0+0
=0
16. As shown in figure. when a spherical cavity (centred at O) of radius 1 is cut out of a uniform
sphere of radius R (centred at C), the centre of mass of remaining (shaded) part of sphere is at
G, i.e. on the surface of the cavity. R can be determined by the equation :

(1) (R2 + R – 1) (2 - R) = 1 (2) (R2 – R – 1) (2 - R) = 1


(3) (R – R + 1) (2 - R) = 1
2
(4) (R2 + R + 1) (2 - R) = 1
fn[ kk; sx; sfp=kkuq
l kj t c R f=kT; kds, d , dl eku xksy sesa¼ xksy sdkdsUæC i j gS
½1 f=kT; kdh, d xqfgdk(cavity) cukbZ
t kr hgS a¼xq
fgdk dk dsUæO i j gS ½r kscpsgq, fgLl s¼ Nk; kfnr ½dk æO ; eku dsUæG fcUnq¼t ksfd xq
fgdk dhl r g i j gS
½gS
A
, sl sesaR dk eku fuEu esal sdkS u l hl ehdj .k } kj k Kkr fd; k t k l dr k gS
\

(1) (R2 + R – 1) (2 - R) = 1 (2) (R2 – R – 1) (2 - R) = 1


(3) (R2 – R + 1) (2 - R) = 1 (4) (R2 + R + 1) (2 - R) = 1
Sol. 4
4
M1  R 3 
3
4
M2  (1)3 ()
3
M1X1  M2 X2
Xcom 
M1  M2

4 3  4 3 
 3 R  0   3 (1) () R  1
      (2  R)
4 3 4 3
R   (1) ()
3 3

(R  1)
  (2  R) (R  1)
R 3
1
(R  1)
 (2  R)
(R  1)(R2  R  1)
(R2 + R + 1) (2 - R) = 1
Alternative :
Mremaining (2–R) = Mcavity (1-R)
 (R3 – 13 ) (2-R) = 13 [R-1]
 (R2 + R + 1) (2 - R) = 1

17. A transverse wave travels on a taut steel wire with a velocity of v when tension in it is 2.06×104
N. When the tension is changed to T, the velocity changed to v/2. The value of T is close to :
(1) 5.15×103 N (2) 10.2×102N (3) 30.5×104N (4) 2.50×104 N
t c , d r usgq
, LVhy dsr kj esar uko 2.06×104 gksr ksbl si j py usoky h, d vuq
çLFk r j a
x dhxfr v gS
A ; fn r uko dk
eku cny dj T dj fn; k t k; sr ksr j a
x dhxfr cny dj v/2 gkst kr hgSA T dk eku fuEu esal sfdl dsfudVr e gS \
(1) 5.15×103 N (2) 10.2×102N (3) 30.5×104N (4) 2.50×104 N
Sol. 1
v T

v1 T1 v 2.06  104
   
v2 T2 (v / 2) T

2.06  104
T  N  0.515  104 N
4
 
18. An electron (mass m) with initial velocity v  v0ˆi  v0ˆj is in an electric field E  E0k
ˆ . If  0 is
initial de-Broglie wavelength of electron, its de-Broglie wave length at time t is given by:

0 2 0 0 0
2 2 2 2 2 2
2
eEt 2 2
eEt eEt e2E2 t2
(1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 1 0 (4) 1
m2 v20 m2 v20 mv 2 2
0 2m2 v20

 
, d by SDVªkW
u¼ æO
; eku m½dk çkj a fHkd osx v  v0ˆi  v0ˆj gSr Fkk ; g , d fo| qr {ks=k E  E0kˆ esagS
A ; fn by S
DVªkW
u dh
Mh&czksXy hr j a
x dk çkj a
fHkd r j a
xnS
?; Z 0 gksr kst l e; dsi ' pkr bl dk r j a
xnS ?; Zgksxk %

0 2 0 0 0
2 2 2 2 2 2
(1)
2
eEt 2 2
(2) eEt (3) eEt 0 (4) e2E2 t2
1 2 1 1
m2 v20 m2 v20 mv 2 2
0 2m2 v20

Sol. 3
h
Initially m  2v 0  0

eE0 ˆ
Velocity as a function of time = v0ˆi  v0ˆj  tk
m
h
 
so wavelength e2E20 2
m 2v20  t
m2

0
 
e2E20 2
1 t
m2 v20

19. A very long wire ABDMNDC is shown in figure carrying, current I. AB and BC parts are straight,
long and at right angle. At D wire forms a circular turn DMND of radius R.AB,BC parts are
tangential to circular turn at N and D. Magnetic field at the centre of circle is :

 0I  1   0I  0I  0I  1 
(1)
2R   
2
 (2)
2R
   1 (3)
2R
(4)
2R   
2

, d y Eck r kj ABDMNDC fp=k esafn[ kk; k x; k gSvkS j bl esafo| q
r /kkj k I cg j ghgS
A bl r kj dsAB vkS j BC Hkkx l h/ksgS
vkSj , d nwl j sl sl edks.k cukr sgS
a
A D i j r kj ?kw er sgq, R f=kT; k dk , d oÙ̀k DMND cukr k gSr Fkk r kj dsAB vkS j BC
Hkkx bl oÙ̀k i j Øe' k%N r FkkD i j Li ' kZj s[kk, ¡ cukr sgS
a
A bl n' kk esaoÙ̀k dsdsUæi j pq Ecdh; {ks=k dk eku gS
%

 0I  1   0I  0I  0I  1 
(1)
2R   
2
 (2)
2R
   1 (3)
2R
(4)
2R   
2

Sol. 1

    
   B   B   B 
B0  B0
1
0
2
0
3
0
4

 0i i i
[sin90  sin 45]   0   0 [sin45  sin 90] 
4R 2R 4R

0i  1   0i i  1 
 1    0   1 
4R  2  2R 4R  2 

0i  1 1 
  1   2   1 
4R  2 2 

0i 0i  1 
  2  2       
4 R   2R  2 
20.

Two liquids of densities 1 and 2 (2  21 ) are filled up behind a square wall of side 10 m as
shown in figure. Each liquid has a height of 5m. The ratio of the forces due to these liquids
exerted on upper part MN to that at the lower part NO is (Assume that the liquids are not
mixing):
(1) 1/3 (2) 1/2 (3) 2/3 (4) 1/4

fHkUu ?kuRoksa1 r Fkk 2 (2  21 ) dsnksæo 10 m y EckbZdh, d oxkZ d kj nhokj dsi hNsHkj sgq
, gS
a¼fp=kns[ksa
½
A çR; sd æo
dhÅ¡pkbZ5 m gS A r c bu æoksa} kj k nhokj dsÅi j hHkkx MN r Fkk fupy sHkkx NO i j y xusoky scy ksadk vuqi kr gksxk ¼
;g
ekusafd ; sæo fefJr ughagksrsgS a
½
(1) 1/3 (2) 1/2 (3) 2/3 (4) 1/4
Sol. 4

F1 1

F2 4

21. The first member of the Balmer series of hydroge n atom has a wavelength of 6561 Å. The
wavelength of the second member of the Balmer series (in nm) is ..................
gkbMªkst u i j ek.kqdhckej Jà
[ ky kdsi gy s?kVd dkr j a
xnS
?; Z6561 Å gS
A r c ckej Jà
[ ky kdsnw
l j s?kVd dkr a
j xnS
?; Znm
esagksxk..................A
Sol. 486

1  1 1
 RZ2  2  2 
 n
 1 n2
1  1 1  5R
 R(1)2  2  2  
1 2 3  36

1  1 1  3R
 R(1)2  2  2  
2  2 4  16

2 20

1 27

20
2   6561Å  4860Å  486nm
27

22. The series combination of two batteries, both of the same emf 10 V, but different internal resis-
tance of 20 and 5 , is connected to the parallel combination of two resistors 30 and R. The
voltage difference across the battery of internal resistance 20 is zero, the value of R (in )
is................
Øec) Js.khesat ksM+ hgqbZnkscS
Vfj ; ksadksi k' oZl Eca
/ku (parallel connection) esat q M+
snksçfr j ks/kd r kj ksal st ksM+
k x; k gS
A
nksuksacSVfj ; ksadk fo| q
r okgd cy 10 V gSi j mudhvka r fj d çfr j ks/kdr k 20 vkS
j 5 gS A r kj ksadsçfr j ks/k 30 vkS j R
gSa
A , sl h n' kk esa; fn 20 vka r fj d çfr j ks/k oky h cSVj h ds VfeZ uy ksadk foHkokUr j ' kw
U; gks r ks R ( esa ) dk eku gS
................A
Sol. 30
V1  1  i.r1
0  10  i  20
i = 0.5A
V2  2  ir2
=10–0.5×5
V2 = 7.5 V
7.5 7.5
0.5  
30 x
7.5
0.5  0.25 
x
7.5
 0.25
x
7.5
x  30
0.25

1
23. A ball is dropped from the top of a 100 m high tower on a planet. In the last s before hitting
2
the ground. it covers a distance of 19 m. Acceleration due to gravity (in ms-2) near the surface on
that planet is ..............
1
, d xzg i j 100 ehVj Å¡ps, d Lr EHk dsÅi j l s, d xa
sn dksNksM+
k t kr k gS
A /kj kr y i j Vdj kusl si gy sds s esa; g xsa
n
2
19 m dhnw
j hr ; dj r hgS
A bl xzg i j xq
: Rokd"kZ
. k dsdkj .k Roj .k dk eku (ms-2 esa
) gS..............A
Sol. 8

Area of shaded trapezium

 1 
g t   t 
2   1  19 ....(1)
 
2 2
1 2
gt  100
2

200
t
g

 200 
 1 4  1
g 2t    76 76  g 
 2  
g 2
g = 8 m/s2

24. An asteroid is moving directly towards the centre of the earth. When at a distance of 10 R (R is
the radius of the earth) from the earths centre, it has a speed of 12 km/s. Neglecting the effect
of earths atmosphere, what will be the speed of the asteroid when it hits the surface of the
earth (escape velocity from the earth is 11.2 km/s)? Give your answer to the nearest integer in
kilometer/s ..................
, d {kq
æxzg (asteroid) i F̀ohdsdsUæl s10 R (R i F̀ohdhf=kT; k gS ) nwj hi j gSvkS
j i F̀ohdsdsUædhvksj 12 km/s xfr
l svkj gkgSA ; fn i F̀ohl si y k; u xfr dkeku 11.2 kms-1 gSr ksi F̀ohdsokr koj .kdsçHkko dksux.; ekur sgq , bl {kqæxzg
dhi F̀ohdhl r g l sVdj kr sl e; xfr fdr uhgksxh\ ¼ vi uk mÙkj kms esafudVr e i w
-1
. kkZ
d esansa
½..................A
Sol. 16
KEi  PEi  KEf  PEf

1  GMm  1  GMm 
mu20      mv2   
2  10R  2  R 

2GM  1 
v2  u20  1
R  10 

2
9 GM  9  11.2
v  u20   122   
5 R  5 2

 144  0.9(11.2)2  256.896


= 16.028 km/s = 16
25. Three containers C1, C2 and C3 have water at different temperatures. The table below shows the
final temperature T when different amounts of water (given in liters) are taken from each con-
tainer and mixed (assume no loss of heat during the process)

The value of  (in °C to the nearest integer) is .........................


C1, C2 r FkkC3 r hu i k=k (Containers) gSft ues afHkUu&fHkUu r ki ekuksai j i kuhj [ kk gq
v k gS A t c bu i k=kksal svy x&vy x
ek=kkvksaesai kuhy sd j fey k; k t kr k gSr ksbl feJ.k dk vfUr e r ki eku T gkst kr k gS A i k=kksal sfy ; si kuhdhek=kk ¼ y hVj esa
½
vkS
j r ki eku T dk eku uhpsr kfy dk esafn; k gq v k gS
A¼ ; g ekusfd fefJr dj usdhçfØ; k esaÅ"ek dk {k; ughagq v k gS½

dseku (°C es
a
) dsfudVr e i w
. kkZ
d gS.........................A
Sol. 50
11  22  (1  2)60
1  22  180 ...(1)
0  1  1  2  2  3  (1  2)30
2  23  90 ...(2)
2  1  0  2  1  3  (2  1)60
21  3  180 ...(3)
and 1  2  3  (1  1  1) ...(4)
from (1)+(2)+(3)
31  32  33  450  1  2  3  150
from (4) equation 150 = 3    50C