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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 26

1 John A. Buric, State Bar No. 012074


2 Peter J. Foster, State Bar No. 026242
Andrea M. Simbro, State Bar No. 031530
3 WARNER ANGLE HALLAM
4 JACKSON & FORMANEK PLC
2555 East Camelback Road, Suite 800
5 Phoenix, Arizona 85016
6 Telephone: (602) 264-7101
E-mail: jburic@warnerangle.com
7 pfoster@warnerangle.com
8 asimbro@warnerangle.com
Attorneys for Plaintiff Wheel Pros, LLC
9
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
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FOR THE DISTRICT OF ARIZONA
11

12 WHEEL PROS, LLC, a Delaware limited


liability company, Case No.
13

14 Plaintiff, COMPLAINT FOR DESIGN


vs. PATENT INFRINGEMENT,
15
TRADEMARK AND TRADE DRESS
16 WHOLESALE CUSTOM TIRES AND INFRINGEMENT AND FOR
WHEELS LLC, an Arizona limited liability UNFAIR COMPETITION
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company, d/b/a PHOENIX TIRES &
18 WHEELS OUTLET; EL PADRINO (DEMAND FOR JURY TRIAL)
TIRES & WHEELS LLC, an Arizona
19
limited liability company, d/b/a EL
20 PADRINO TIRES $ WHEELS; SUPER
LLANTAS FAMILY LLC, an Arizona
21
limited liability company, d/b/a SUPER
22 LLANTAS; ZHEJIANG IVISION
INDUSTRY & TRADE CO., LTD., a
23
Chinese limited company; DOES I-X, as
24 individuals or entities,
25 Defendants.
26

27 Plaintiff, Wheel Pros, LLC (“Wheel Pros”), alleges as follows:


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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 26

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JURISDICTION

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1. This is an action to recover damages and for injunctive relief arising under

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the patent laws and trademark laws of the United States and related state laws, and this

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Court has original jurisdiction of the subject matter for each of the following claims:

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a. Patent infringement in violation of the Patent Act, 35 U.S.C. § 1 et.

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seq., with jurisdiction vested in this Court by virtue of 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331, 1332 and

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1338(a).
b. Trademark/trade dress infringement in violation of the Lanham Act,
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15 U.S.C. § 1051, et seq., with jurisdiction vested in this Court by virtue of 15 U.S.C. §
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1121 and 28 U.S.C. § 1331, 1332 and 1338(a).
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c. Trademark/trade dress infringement in violation of A.R.S. § 44-1453
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with jurisdiction vested in this Court by virtue of 28 U.S.C. §§ 1332, 1338(b) and 1367(a).
12

13 d. Unfair competition in violation of Arizona common law with


14 jurisdiction vested in this Court by virtue of 28 U.S.C. §§ 1332, 1338(b) and 1367(a).
15 2. The amount in controversy exceeds $75,000.00, exclusive of interest and
16 costs.
17 3. Venue is proper in this district by virtue of 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b) and 28
18 U.S.C. § 1400 in that all Defendants are subject to personal jurisdiction in this district
19 and, thus, reside here. Specifically, Defendants have sold (or caused to be sold) infringing
20 product in this district and have dealers in this district. Moreover, the majority of
21 Defendants are Arizona limited liability companies licensed to do business in Arizona. In
22 addition, acts of infringement and unfair competition have been committed in this district.
23 PARTIES AND DISTRIBUTION CHANNELS
24 4. Wheel Pros is a limited liability company duly organized and existing
25 under the laws of the State of Delaware with its principal place of business located at
26 5347 S. Valentia Way, Suite 200, Greenwood Village, Colorado. Wheel Pros is registered
27 to conduct business in Arizona and maintains a warehouse in this district.
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5. Wheel Pros is a well-known vehicle wheel manufacturer and marketer.

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Wheel Pros distributes more than two dozen brands of high-performance wheels and tires

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for cars, trucks and SUVs, including a full line of company-branded wheel products,

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which include (among others) the XD778 Rockstar (“Rockstar”), the XD811 Rockstar II

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(“Rockstar II”), the XD827 Rockstar III (“Rockstar III”), the XD778 Monster

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(“Monster”), and the XD822 Monster II (“Monster II”). In addition to one-piece and

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multi-piece wheels with contemporary styling, Wheel Pros offers a selection of classic
wheel styles reminiscent of hot-rod happy days for racecar and drag racing enthusiasts. It
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sells to customers in the United States and approximately 30 countries worldwide.
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6. Upon information and belief, Defendant Wholesale Custom Tires and
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Wheels LLC is a limited liability company duly organized and existing under the laws of
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the State of Arizona having its principal place of business located at 4931 W. Indian
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School Road, Phoenix, AZ 85031. Defendant Wholesale Custom Tires and Wheels LLC
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does business under the trade name Phoenix Tires & Wheels Outlet. Wholesale Custom
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Tires and Wheels LLC is hereinafter referred to as “Phoenix Tires.”
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7. Upon information and belief, Phoenix Tires is a distributor and retailer of
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wheels and tires that sells directly to consumers and retailers in the Phoenix area.
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8. Upon information and belief, Defendant El Padrino Tires & Wheels LLC is
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a limited liability company duly organized and existing under the laws of the State of
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Arizona having its principal place of business located at 5946 N. Black Canyon Highway,
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Phoenix, AZ 85017. Defendant El Padrino Tires & Wheels LLC does business under the
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trade name El Padrino Tires $ Wheels. El Padrino Tires & Wheels LLC is hereinafter
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referred to as “El Padrino.”
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9. Upon information and belief, El Padrino is a retailer that purchases wheels
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and tires from Phoenix Tires to sell directly to consumers in the Phoenix area.
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10. Upon information and belief, Defendant Super Llantas Family LLC is a
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limited liability company duly organized and existing under the laws of the State of
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Arizona having its principal place of business located at 3803 N. 43rd Avenue, Phoenix,
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AZ 85019. Defendant Super Llantas Family LLC does business under the trade name

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Super Llantas. Super Llantas Family LLC is hereinafter referred to as “Super Llantas.”

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11. Upon information and belief, Super Llantas is a retailer that purchases

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wheels and tires from Phoenix Tires to sell directly to consumers in the Phoenix area.

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12. Upon information and belief, Defendant Zhejiang Ivision Industry & Trade

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Co., Ltd. is a limited company duly organized and existing under Chinese law having its

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principal place of business in the Zhejiang Province, China. Upon information and belief,
Defendant Zhejiang Ivision Industry & Trade Co., Ltd. does business under the trade
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name Ivision Wheel. Zhejiang Ivision Industry & Trade Co., Ltd. is hereinafter referred
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to as “Ivision.”
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13. Upon information and belief, Ivision is a Chinese manufacturer and trader
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of wheels that imports its products into the United States and markets and sells its
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products directly to Phoenix Tires in the regular course of business.
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14. Fictitious Defendants, Does I-X, are individuals or entities which may have
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liability with respect to the matters alleged herein., At such time as their liabilities and
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identities become known, Wheel Pros may seek leave of Court to amend this Complaint
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to add their true names.
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WHEEL PROS HAS EXCLUSIVE PATENT RIGHTS IN THE WHEEL DESIGN
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OF THE ROCKSTAR II, ROCKSTAR III, MONSTER, AND MONSTER II
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15. Wheel Pros is the exclusive assignee and owner, by assignment from
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inventor Suny Chung, of all rights, title and interest in and to the following patents
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(collectively, the “Rockstar II Patents”):
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a. U.S. Patent No. D701,481, issued March 25, 2014, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 1.
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b. U.S. Patent No. D709,018, issued July 15, 2014, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 2.
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c. U.S. Patent No. D711,808, issued August 26, 2014, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 3.
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d. U.S. Patent No. D730,260, issued May 26, 2015, and which is

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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 4.

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e. U.S. Patent No. D733,026, issued June 30, 2015 and which is

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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 5.

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f. U.S. Patent No. D736,137, issued August 11, 2015, and which is

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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 6.

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g. U.S. Patent No. D805,456, issued December 19, 2017, and which is
subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 7.
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16. Wheel Pros is the exclusive assignee and owner, by assignment from
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inventor Suny Chung, of all rights, title and interest in and to the following patents
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(collectively, the “Rockstar III Patents”):
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a. U.S. Patent No. D786,167, issued May 9, 2017, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 8.
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b. U.S. Patent No. D786,168, issued May 9, 2017, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 9.
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c. U.S. Patent No. D792,831, issued July 25, 2017, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 10.
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d. U.S. Patent No. D794,533, issued August 15, 2017, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 11.
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e. U.S. Patent No. D794,534, issued August 15, 2017, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 12.
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f. U.S. Patent No. D801,903, issued November 7, 2017, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 13.
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g. U.S. Patent No. D811,980, issued March 6, 2018, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 14.
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h. U.S. Patent No. D811,981, issued March 6, 2018, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 15.
27

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i. U.S. Patent No. D812,540, issued March 13, 2018, and which is

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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 16.

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j. U.S. Patent No. D812,541, issued March 13, 2018, and which is

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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 17.

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17. Wheel Pros is the exclusive assignee and owner, by assignment from

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inventor Colbey Groom, of all rights, title and interest in and to U.S. Patent No.

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D558,115, issued December 25, 2007, and which is subsisting (the “Monster Patent”).
A true and correct copy of the Monster Patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 18.
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18. Wheel Pros is the exclusive assignee and owner, by assignment from
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inventor Suny Chung, of all rights, title and interest in and to the following patents
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(collectively, the “Monster II Patents”):
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a. U.S. Patent No. D709,020, issued July 15, 2014 and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 19.
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b. U.S. Patent No. D712,333, issued September 2, 2014, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 20.
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c. U.S. Patent No. D742,293, issued November 3, 2015, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 21.
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d. U.S. Patent No. D747,253, issued January 12, 2016, and which is
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subsisting. A true and correct copy of such patent is attached hereto as Exhibit 22.
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19. The Rockstar II Patents, Rockstar III Patents, Monster Patent, and Monster
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II Patents are sometimes collectively referred to herein as the “patents-in suit.”
21
WHEEL PROS HAS EXCLUSIVE TRADEMARK RIGHTS IN THE
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ROCKSTAR, ROCKSTAR II, ROCKSTAR III,
23 MONSTER AND MONSTER II DESIGNS
24 20. Wheel Pros is the exclusive owner of all rights, title and interest in and to:
25 a. U.S. Trademark No. 4611509, registered on September 23, 2014. A
26 true and correct copy of such trademark is attached hereto as Exhibit 23.
27 b. U.S. Trademark No. 5001689, registered on July 19, 2016. A true
28 and correct copy of such trademark is attached hereto as Exhibit 24.

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 7 of 26

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c. U.S. Trademark No. 4513500, registered on April 15, 2014. A true

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and correct copy of such trademark is attached hereto as Exhibit 25.

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d. U.S. Trademark No. 4919483, registered on March 15, 2016. A true

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and correct copy of such trademark is attached hereto as Exhibit 26.

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e. U.S. Trademark No. 4947750, registered on April 26, 2016. A true

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and correct copy of such trademark is attached hereto as Exhibit 27.

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f. Trademarks Nos. 4611509, 5001689, 4513500, 4919483, and
4947750 are sometimes collectively referred to herein as “trademarks-in-suit.”
8
CONSUMER RECOGNITION OF WHEEL PROS’ PATENTED DESIGN,
9
TRADEMARKS AND TRADE DRESSES IS AN IMPORTANT PART OF
10 WHEEL PROS’ SUCCESS
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21. Wheel Pros’ sales have been extensive, with a substantial portion of those
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sales being of the Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster, and Monster II wheels.
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22. The Rockstar wheels, first sold in 2004, Rockstar II wheels, first sold in
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2013, Rockstar III wheels, first sold in 2016, Monster wheels, first sold in 2007, and
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Monster II wheels, first sold in 2014, are widely recognized by consumers as emanating
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from Wheel Pros, and the distinctive designs on such wheels are key to such extensive
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consumer recognition.
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23. In addition to the basic elements of the Wheel Pros trademarks and patents
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described above, there are a number of other features which when used in combination
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with such basic elements serve to identify and reinforce further to consumers that the
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products are, in fact, products of Wheel Pros or are sponsored by, approved by, or
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otherwise associated with Wheel Pros.
23
WHEEL PROS’ TRADEMARKS AND PATENTS ARE UNIQUE AND
24 INHERENTLY DISTINCTIVE
25
24. The patents-in-suit and trademarks-in-suit referred to above are arbitrary,
26
fanciful and inherently distinctive. The various trademarks-in-suit and patents-in-suit are
27

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 8 of 26

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unique and unusual and no other manufacturer uses them, individually or collectively, to

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denote the source in the automotive industry as does Wheel Pros.

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25. In addition to the inherent distinctiveness of Wheel Pros’ trademarks-in-suit

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and patents-in-suit, such trademarks and patents have been marketed so extensively, and

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have been so favorably received by the public that such trademarks have achieved

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tremendous consumer recognition in the marketplace.

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26. Wheel Pros’ sales success came after expending great amounts of time,
effort, and money in the promotion and advertisement of its goods under its trademarks
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and patents. This promotional effort includes extensive internet, social media, and print
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media advertisements, promotion of products by Wheel Pros personnel, suppliers,
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dealers, and other promotional events and activities, sponsorships, and the like.
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27. The widespread recognition and popularity of Wheel Pros Rockstar,
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Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster, and Monster II wheels have been unwavering. Wheel
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Pros popularized these brands through extensive advertising and promotion so that
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consumers would recognize the unique trade dresses, appearances and trademarks of
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these wheels.
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28. As a result of the widespread and continuous use and promotion of the
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trademarks and patents described above, such trademarks and patents are well known
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throughout the United States and have become widely known and recognized as
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identifying Wheel Pros as the source of a variety of products including, without
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limitation, the Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster and Monster II wheels and as
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distinguishing the source of these goods from those of others. These trademarks and
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patents have come to and now do represent and symbolize the enviable reputation and
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very valuable goodwill of Wheel Pros among advertisers, consumers and retail
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establishments.
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29. The Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster, and Monster II design,
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trademarks and trade dresses today are almost universally recognizable within the wheel
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industry and have one of the most stable and loyal customer bases in the industry.
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 9 of 26

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30. The aforementioned trademarks and patents represent and symbolize one of

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the highest quality and most durable wheels in the industry.

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31. The trademarks and trade dresses referred to above are primarily non-

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functional and are used for product identification purposes. The Rockstar, Rockstar II,

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Rockstar III, Monster and Monster II design trademarks are non-functional.

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DEFENDANTS HAVE WILLFULLY, INTENTIONALLY AND MALICIOUSLY
IMITATED WHEEL PROS’ ROCKSTAR, ROCKSTAR II, ROCKSTAR III,
7 MONSTER AND MONSTER II WHEELS, TRADEMARKS,
AND TRADE DRESS
8

9 32. Defendants, their agents, employees and representatives, are aware of


10 Wheel Pros’ enviable reputation and goodwill in its Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III,
11 Monster, and Monster II patents, trademarks and trade dress.
12 33. Below are photographs of genuine Wheel Pros Rockstar, Rockstar II,
13 Rockstar III, Monster, and Monster II wheels:
14

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26 Figure 1: Authentic Wheel Pros Rockstar Wheel


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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 10 of 26

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Figure 2: Authentic Wheel Pros Rockstar II Wheel
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Figure 3: Authentic Wheel Pros Rockstar III Wheel
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 11 of 26

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Figure 4: Authentic Wheel Pros Monster Wheel
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Figure 5: Authentic Wheel Pros Monster II Wheel
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 12 of 26

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34. Defendants are selling wheels bearing knock-offs of Wheel Pros’ highly

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coveted Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster, and Monster II patented design,

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trademark and trade dress. Specifically, Defendants have infringed, and are continuing to

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infringe, by creating and offering for sale, and based upon information available to Wheel

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Pros’ and believed to be true, Defendants are selling at least the following counterfeit

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wheels:

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Figure 6: Counterfeit Rockstar Wheel Figure 7: Counterfeit Rockstar II Wheel
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 13 of 26

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35. The counterfeit wheels photographed above were manufactured by Ivision.

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Figure 8: Interior of Counterfeit Rockstar Wheel
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36. Upon information and belief, Ivision also manufactured counterfeit
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Monster, Monster II, and Rockstar III wheels.
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Figure 9: Counterfeit Monster II wheel manufactured by Ivision
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 14 of 26

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Figure 10: Counterfeit Rockstar III wheel manufactured by Ivision
9

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37. A side-by-side comparison of an authentic and counterfeit Rockstar wheel
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is depicted below, with the authentic wheel on the left:
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Figure 11: Rockstar Wheel Comparison
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 15 of 26

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38. A side-by-side comparison of authentic and counterfeit stars of the

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Rockstar wheel is depicted below, with the authentic star on the left.

10

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Figure 12: Star Comparison
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39. Upon information and belief, Defendants sell the infringing designs
13
(sometimes referred to as “Imitations”) through the same channels of trade as Wheel
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Pros including through retailers to consumers throughout the United States.
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40. The Imitations are confusingly similar to Wheel Pros’ Rockstar, Rockstar
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II, Rockstar III, Monster and Monster II design, trademarks and trade dress, and are likely
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to cause confusion, to cause mistake, or to deceive as to their sponsorship or origin.
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41. Defendants have advertised and promoted, are advertising and promoting,
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and will continue to advertise, promote and distribute the Imitations unless enjoined by
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this Court.
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42. Wheel Pros is further informed and believes, and thereon alleges, that
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unless enjoined and restrained by the Court, Defendants will continue to manufacture,
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purchase, import, advertise, promote, offer for sale, sell and distribute the Imitations.
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43. The advertisements, promotions, sales, distributions and offers for sale of
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the Imitations are causing and will continue to cause a likelihood of confusion, mistake or
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deception and actual confusion among purchasers of wheels as to the source of those
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products. Such advertisements, promotions, sales, distributions and offers for sale are
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diminishing, and/or will continue to diminish, the distinctiveness and the valuable

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goodwill and reputation of the Wheel Pros patents, trademarks, and trade dress, and are

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resulting in, and will continue to result in, lost sales of wheels by Wheel Pros. Such acts

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will also continue to cause irreparable harm to Wheel Pros.

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44. Defendants have used, are using, and, upon information and belief,

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Defendants will continue to use the trademarks and trade dress in connection with the

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Imitations, which have created, are creating, and will continue to create a strong
likelihood of confusion, mistake, or deception among purchasers of Defendants’ goods
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and with the goods advertised, promoted, distributed and sold by Wheel Pros.
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45. Defendants’ use of trademarks and trade dress virtually identical to Wheel
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Pros’ distinctive trademarks and trade dress creates a likelihood that a false and unfair
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association will be made between the Imitations and the goods of Wheel Pros so that the
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purchasing public is likely to believe that the Imitations are products of Wheel Pros or are
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associated with, affiliated with or otherwise sponsored by Wheel Pros.
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46. Defendants’ unlawful acts, unless restrained, are likely to continue to cause
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actual confusion, mistake or deception as to the purchasers of the Imitations and Wheel
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Pros’ goods.
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DEFENDANTS’ CONDUCT IS CAUSING IRREPARABLE HARM TO WHEEL
18
PROS
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47. Defendants’ acts have caused and, unless restrained, will continue to cause
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Wheel Pros to suffer substantial irreparable damages and injury through, inter alia, a
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likelihood of confusion, deception and mistake among the relevant purchasing public and
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the wheel trade as to the source, origin, sponsorship or approval of the goods associated
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with Wheel Pros’ Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster, and Monster II patented
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design, trademarks and trade dress, and devaluation of Wheel Pros’ valuable goodwill
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and business reputation symbolized by its distinctive patented design, trademarks and
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trade dress.
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48. Wheel Pros has suffered loss of profits and other damages from the

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confusion, mistake and deception resulting from the acts of Defendants, and Wheel Pros

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is informed and believes, and thereon alleges, that Wheel Pros will continue to suffer

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such damages unless and until Defendants are enjoined and restrained by this Court from

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engaging in the acts complained of herein.

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49. Wheel Pros has no adequate remedy at law because injury to its reputation

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and goodwill cannot be quantified and such injury cannot be compensated by monetary
amounts.
8
FIRST CLAIM FOR RELIEF – FEDERAL PATENT INFRINGEMENT
9
50. Wheel Pros realleges and incorporates herein by this reference each and
10
every one of the allegations contained in each of the above paragraphs as though fully set
11
forth herein.
12
51. Defendants’ infringing products mimic Wheel Pros’ designs and are
13
substantially similar and/or the same as those designs claimed in U.S. Patent Nos.
14
D558,115, D701,481, D709,018, D709,020, D711,808, D712,333, D730,260, D733,026,
15
D736,137, D742,293, D747,253, D786,167, D786,168, D792,831, D794,533, D794,534,
16
D801,903, D805,456, D811,980, D811,981, D812,540, and D812,541.
17
52. The ordinary observer would justifiably believe, after viewing the
18
differences between the patented designs and the Defendants’ wheels, that Defendants’
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wheels are substantially similar and/or the same as the patented designs.
20
53. Defendants have offered for sale the infringing products in the United
21
States. Specifically, at a minimum, Defendants have engaged in the following:
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a. Offered for sale products that infringe upon the Rockstar II Patents;
23
b. Ivision has offered for sale products that infringe upon the Rockstar III
24
Patents and Monster II Patents; and
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c. Ivision and Super Llantas have offered for sale products that infringe upon
26
the Monster Patent.
27

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 18 of 26

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54. Defendants were placed on notice of Wheel Pros’ patents but Defendants

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continue to engage in infringing activities.

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55. Defendants’ awareness of Wheel Pros’ patents and Defendants’ continued

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infringement makes such infringement willful, entitling Wheel Pros to enhanced damages

5
and an award of attorneys’ fees pursuant to 35 U.S.C. §§ 284 & 285.

6
56. Upon information and belief, Defendants have further made substantial

7
profits to which they are not equitably entitled.
57. Defendants’ acts and products complained of herein constitute patent
8
infringement in violation of Title 35 of the United States Code.
9
SECOND CLAIM FOR RELIEF – FEDERAL TRADEMARK/TRADE DRESS
10
INFRINGEMENT
11
(Violation of §§ 32 and 43(a) of the Lanham Act – 15 U.S.C. §§ 1114 & 1125(a))
12
58. Wheel Pros realleges and incorporates herein by this reference each and
13
every one of the allegations contained in each of the above paragraphs as though fully set
14
forth herein.
15
59. Defendants have offered for sale wheels with infringing “star” marks in the
16
United States through retail outlets infringing on U.S. Trademark Nos. 4611509 and
17
5001689.
18
60. Defendants have offered for sale wheels with infringing vertical “XD
19
Series” marks in the United States through retail outlets infringing on U.S. Trademark
20
Nos. 4513500 and 4919483.
21
61. Defendants have offered for sale wheels with infringing horizontal “XD
22
Series” marks in the United States through retail outlets infringing on U.S. Trademark
23
No. 4947750
24
62. Defendants have infringed Wheel Pros’ Rockstar I, Rockstar II, Rockstar
25
III, Monster and Monster II trademark and trade dress rights, competed unfairly with
26
Wheel Pros and misappropriated and traded upon Wheel Pros’ goodwill and business
27

28

- 18 -
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 19 of 26

1
reputation by falsely representing its goods as being sponsored by, approved by, or

2
connected with Wheel Pros.

3
63. Upon information and belief, Defendants are, in various ways, through their

4
agents and employees, falsely representing to potential purchasers of their goods that

5
such goods are affiliated, connected or associated with Wheel Pros by reason of the

6
infringing use of Wheel Pros’ distinctive Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster,

7
and Monster II trademarks and trade dress.
64. Defendants are making false and misleading representations by engaging in
8
commercial advertising using a trademark and trade dress which are identical or virtually
9
identical to Wheel Pros’ Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster and Monster II
10
trademark and trade dress.
11
65. Defendants are using in commerce false designations of origin, false and
12
misleading descriptions of fact or false or misleading representations of fact which are
13
likely to cause confusion, or to cause mistake, or to deceive as to the affiliation,
14
connection or association of Defendants with Wheel Pros and as to the origin,
15
sponsorship or approval of Defendants’ goods, services or commercial activities by
16
Wheel Pros.
17
66. Defendants were placed on notice of Wheel Pros’ trademarks but
18
Defendants continue to engage in infringing activities.
19
67. Defendants’ awareness of Wheel Pros’ trademarks and Defendants’
20
continued infringement makes such infringement willful, entitling Wheel Pros to
21
enhanced damages pursuant to and an award of attorneys’ fees pursuant to 15 U.S.C. §
22
1117.
23
68. Upon information and belief, Defendants have further made substantial
24
profits to which they are not equitably entitled.
25
69. As the result of the foregoing, Defendants are infringing on Wheel Pros’
26
trademarks in violation of the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1051 et seq.
27

28

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 20 of 26

1
THIRD CLAIM FOR RELIEF – STATE TRADEMARK/TRADE DRESS
INFRINGEMENT (A.R.S. § 44-1453)
2

3 70. Wheel Pros realleges and incorporates herein by this reference each and
4 every one of the allegations contained in each of the above paragraphs as though fully set
5 forth herein.
71. Defendants knowingly and with intent to sell or distribute offered for sale
6
wheels bearing an unauthorized reproduction or copy of Wheel Pros’ intellectual
7
property; specifically, Wheel Pros’ distinctive trade dress and the infringing “star” and
8
“XD Series” marks.
9
72. Ivision knowingly and with intent to sell or distribute manufactured or
10
produced wheels bearing an unauthorized reproduction or copy of Wheel Pros’
11
intellectual property; specifically, Wheel Pros’ distinctive trade dress and the infringing
12
“star” and “XD Series” marks.
13
73. Wheel Pros sustained a loss as a result of Defendants’ infringement,
14
including, but not limited to, loss of profits, and devaluation of Wheel Pros’ valuable
15
goodwill and business reputation symbolized by its distinctive patented design,
16
trademarks and trade dress.
17
74. As the result of the foregoing, Defendants are infringing on Wheel Pros’
18
trademarks and trade dress in violation of A.R.S. § 44-1453(A) and (C).
19
75. Wheel Pros is entitled to enhanced damages and an award of attorneys’ fees
20
and costs pursuant to A.R.S. § 44-1453(J).
21
FOURTH CLAIM FOR RELIEF –UNFAIR COMPETITION
22

23
76. Wheel Pros realleges and incorporates herein by this reference each and

24
every one of the allegations contained in each of the above paragraphs as though fully set

25
forth herein.

26
77. Defendants made false representations through the Imitations.

27

28

- 20 -
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 21 of 26

1
78. Defendants’ false representations induced buyers to believe that the

2
Imitations are genuine Wheel Pros’ Rockstar I, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster, and

3
Monster II wheels.

4
79. Upon information and belief, consumers have purchased and continue to

5
purchase the Imitations in reliance upon Wheel Pros’ goodwill and business reputation.

6
80. Upon information and belief, Defendants knew that consumers were relying

7
upon Wheel Pros’ reputation for quality and integrity.
81. Defendants’ conduct alleged herein constitutes unfair competition, which
8
has damaged and will continue to damage irreparably Wheel Pros’ goodwill and
9
reputation unless restrained by this Court because Wheel Pros has no adequate remedy at
10
law for Defendants’ conduct.
11
WHEREFORE, Plaintiff Wheel Pros requests the following relief:
12
A. A judgment that Defendants have infringed the patents-in-suit;
13
B. A judgment that Defendants’ infringement of the patents-in-suit was
14
willful, intentional, and malicious;
15
C. A judgment that Defendants have infringed the trademarks-in-suit;
16
D. A judgment that Defendants’ infringement of the trademarks-in-suit was
17
willful, intentional, and malicious;
18
E. A judgment that Defendants violated A.R.S. § 44-1453(A);
19
F. A judgment that Ivision violated A.R.S. § 44-1453(C);
20
G. A judgment that Defendants unfairly competed with Wheel Pros in
21
violation of Arizona common law;
22
H. That Defendants, and each of their agents, servants, employees, attorneys,
23
successors and assigns and all persons in active concert or participation be enjoined and
24
restrained preliminarily and perpetually and permanently from:
25
1. Infringing any of U.S. Patent Nos. D558,115, D701,481, D709,018,
26
D709,020, D711,808, D712,333, D730,260, D733,026, D736,137, D742,293, D747,253,
27

28

- 21 -
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 22 of 26

1
D786,167, D786,168, D792,831, D794,533, D794,534, D801,903, D805,456, D811,980,

2
D811,981, D812,540, and D812,541;

3
2. Infringing any of U.S. Trademarks Nos. 4611509, 5001689,

4
4513500, 4919483, and 4947750;

5
3. Using in any manner simulations or imitations of the patented

6
designs, any of the Wheel Pros trademarks or trade dress (including, without limitation,

7
the Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster, and Monster II trademark and trade
dress), alone or in combination with any word or words, or using any other words,
8
symbols, configurations or designs which so resemble said marks or trade dress as to be
9
likely to cause confusion, deception or mistake, on or in connection with the advertising,
10
offering for sale or sale of any product which is not manufactured, distributed or
11
otherwise authorized by or for Wheel Pros;
12
4. Attempting to or passing-off, inducing or enabling others to sell or
13
pass-off any product as a product affiliated with or sponsored by Wheel Pros, which
14
product is not produced under the authorization, control and supervision of Wheel Pros
15
and approved by Wheel Pros for sale under the Wheel Pros patents, trademarks or trade
16
dress;
17
5. Committing any acts calculated or intended to cause purchasers to
18
believe falsely that any of Defendants’ products are associated with, sponsored by,
19
approved by, guaranteed by, connected with or produced under the control and
20
supervision or within the authority of Wheel Pros;
21
6. Otherwise competing unfairly with Wheel Pros in any manner;
22
7. Obtaining, possessing, shipping, delivering, distributing, returning or
23
otherwise disposing of in any manner advertising materials, goods or inventory bearing
24
any of the patented designs, any of the Wheel Pros trademarks or trade dress (including,
25
without limitation, the Rockstar, Rockstar II, Rockstar III, Monster, and Monster II
26
trademark and trade dress), which materials, goods or inventories were not manufactured
27

28

- 22 -
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 23 of 26

1
by or for Wheel Pros or authorized by Wheel Pros to be used, sold or offered for sale in

2
association with or bearing the Wheel Pros patented designs, trademarks or trade dress;

3
8. Obtaining, possessing, manufacturing or using any tools, dies,

4
stamping, machining, mixing, embossing, printing, labeling, packaging, silk screening,

5
molding equipment or any other apparatus designed for the manufacture or labeling of

6
unauthorized products bearing the Wheel Pros patented designs, trademarks or trade dress

7
and packaging and advertising or display material relating thereto; or
9. Continuing to perform in any manner whatsoever any infringing
8
acts.
9
I. That Defendants be required to deliver immediately to Wheel Pros or its
10
attorneys for destruction any and all products, guarantees, warranties, circulars, price
11
lists, labels, signs, prints, packages, wrappers, pouches, receptacles, advertising matter,
12
promotional and other material in its possession or control bearing the Wheel Pros
13
patented designs;
14
J. That Defendants be required to deliver immediately to Wheel Pros or its
15
attorneys for destruction any and all products, guarantees, warranties, circulars, price
16
lists, labels, signs, prints, packages, wrappers, pouches, receptacles, advertising matter,
17
promotional and other material in its possession or control bearing the Wheel Pros
18
trademarks or trade dress, alone or in combination with any other words, or trade dress or
19
any other words or symbols which so resemble the Wheel Pros trademarks or trade dress
20
as to be likely to cause confusion, mistake or deception, which is or can be used in
21
connection with the advertising, offering for sale, or sale of any product or service which
22
is not manufactured, distributed or otherwise authorized by Wheel Pros;
23
K. That Defendants be required to deliver immediately to Wheel Pros or its
24
attorneys for destruction any and all disks, drives, tapes, computer and electronic storage
25
devices, computer graphics files, molds, plates, screens, graphics, matrixes, patterns and
26
any other means of making simulations, reproductions, counterfeits, copies or colorable
27
imitations of the Wheel Pros patented designs, which are for use on products, containers,
28

- 23 -
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 24 of 26

1
packaging, disks, tapes, labeling, advertising and display literature or other material not

2
authorized by Wheel Pros;

3
L. That Defendants be required to deliver immediately to Wheel Pros or its

4
attorneys for destruction any and all disks, drives, tapes, computer and electronic storage

5
devices, computer graphics files, molds, plates, screens, graphics, matrixes, patterns and

6
any other means of making simulations, reproductions, counterfeits, copies or colorable

7
imitations of the Wheel Pros trademarks and trade dress which are for use on products,
containers, packaging, disks, tapes, labeling, advertising and display literature or other
8
material not authorized by Wheel Pros;
9
M. That Defendants be required to supply Wheel Pros or its attorneys with a
10
complete list of entities from whom it purchased and to whom it distributed and sold
11
products, in bulk, in connection with the unauthorized simulation of Wheel Pros patented
12
designs, trademark or trade dress;
13
N. That Wheel Pros be awarded damages against Defendants adequate to
14
compensate Wheel Pros for Defendants’ infringement of the patents-in-suit;
15
O. That all patent damages against Defendants be trebled on the basis of
16
Defendants’ willful infringement of the patents-in-suit;
17
P. That Wheel Pros be awarded damages against Defendants adequate to
18
compensate Wheel Pros for Defendants’ infringement of the trademarks-in-suit;
19
Q. That all trademark damages against Defendants be trebled on the basis of
20
Defendants’ willful infringement of the trademarks-in-suit and/or violation of A.R.S. §
21
44-1453(A) or (C);
22
R. That Defendants be required in accordance with 15 U.S.C. § 1117 to
23
account for and pay to Wheel Pros the greater of the following, as determined by the
24
Court:
25
1. Three times all gains, profits, benefits and advantages derived by
26
Defendants from the above-described acts of trademark infringement, misrepresentation,
27
unfair trade practices and unfair competition; or
28

- 24 -
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 25 of 26

1
2. Three times all damages suffered by Wheel Pros from the above-

2
described acts of trademark infringement, misrepresentation, unfair trade practices and

3
unfair competition.

4
S. Any such other damages as the Court shall deem to be just;

5
T. All costs and attorneys’ fees incurred in this action;

6
U. That Defendants be required to pay Wheel Pros punitive and enhanced

7
damages in an amount as the Court may determine for malicious, willful, intentional,
deliberate and tortious conduct of Defendants; and
8
V. That Wheel Pros have such other and further relief as the Court deems just
9
and proper.
10

11
DATED this 14th day of January, 2020.
12

13

14 WARNER ANGLE HALLAM


JACKSON & FORMANEK PLC
15
By /s/ Andrea M. Simbro
16 John A. Buric
17 Peter J. Foster
Andrea M. Simbro
18 2555 East Camelback Road, Suite 800
19 Phoenix, Arizona 85016
Attorneys for Plaintiff
20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

- 25 -
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1 Filed 01/14/20 Page 26 of 26

1
DEMAND FOR JURY TRIAL

2 Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 38(b), Plaintiff, Wheel Pros, LLC,
3 hereby requests a trial by jury on all issues triable of right by a jury.
4

5 DATED this 14th day of January, 2020.


6

7
WARNER ANGLE HALLAM
8 JACKSON & FORMANEK PLC
9 By /s/ Andrea M. Simbro
John A. Buric
10 Andrea M. Simbro
11 2555 East Camelback Road, Suite 800
Phoenix, Arizona 85016
12 Attorneys for Plaintiff
13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

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USOOD786167S

(12) United States Design Patent (10) Patent No.: US D786,167 S


Chung (45) Date of Patent: . May 9, 2017
(54) WHEEL PART D569,777 S 5/2008 Chung
D576,936 S 9, 2008 Imai
(71) Applicant: Wheel Pros, LLC, Greenwood Village, B.S, s 1939. R
CO (US) D638,767 S 5/2011 Groon
D669,009 S 10/2012 Chung
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D695,193 S 12/2013 Kong
D698,300 S 1/2014 Chung
(**) Term: 15 Years D712,333 S * 9/2014 Chung . ... ... ... .... ... ... ... . D12,211
D726,628 S 4/2015 Kong
D740,195 S * 10/2015 Perini .......................... D12/209
(21) Appl. No.: 29/569,496 D747,253 S * 1/2016 Chung D12,211
D755,697 S * 5/2016 Tirado D12/209
(22) Filed: Jun. 28, 2016 D755,698 S * 5/2016 Tirado ......................... D12/209
(51) LOC (10) Cl. ............................................... 11 * cited by examiner
(52) U.S. Cl.
USPC ......................................................... D12/213 Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
(58) Field of Classification Search (74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom: Todd J.
USPC ................................................. D12/204–213 Langford
CPC ... B60B 7/00, B60B 7/02; B60B 7/04; B60B
7/01; B60B 7/06; B60B 3/02; B60B 3/04; (57) CLAM
B60B 3/06; B60B 3/10; B60B 1/00;
B60B 1/08; B60B 1/10, B60B 1/12 dgymental design for a wheel part, as shown and
See application file for complete search history.
(56) References Cited DESCRIPTION
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a wheel part showing my new
design;
D453,724 S 2/2002 Hodges FIG. 2 is a front view thereof;
D464,010 S 10/2002 Chung FIG. 3 is a back view thereof;
D466,854 S * 12/2002 Kern ............................ D12,211 FIG. 4 is a left-side view thereof, and,
D503,669 S * 4/2005 Bhambra ... ... D12,211
D508,884 S * 8/2005 Fridie ....... ... D12,209 FIG. 5 is a right-side view thereof.
D512,011 S * 11/2005 Tirado .. ... D12,213
D516,001 S * 2/2006 Tirado ......................... D12/209 1 Claim, 3 Drawing Sheets
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-8 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 4

U.S. Patent May 9, 2017 Sheet 1 of 3 US D786,167 S


Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-8 Filed 01/14/20 Page 3 of 4

U.S. Patent May 9, 2017 Sheet 2 of 3 US D786,167 S

Figure 3
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-8 Filed 01/14/20 Page 4 of 4

U.S. Patent May 9, 2017 Sheet 3 of 3 US D786,167 S


Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-9 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 4
USOOD7861 68S

(12) United States Design Patent (10) Patent No.: US D786,168 S


Chung (45) Date of Patent: . May 9, 2017
(54) WHEEL PART D512,011 S * 1 1/2005 Tirado ......................... D12,213
D569,777 S 5/2008 Chung
D576,936 S 9, 2008 Imai
(71) Applicant: Whil Eros, LLC, Greenwood Village, D578,457 S 10/2008 Guidry
(US) D593.473 S * 6/2009 Fournier ...................... D12/2O7
D598.357 S 8/2009 Chung
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D638,767 S 5, 2011 Groom
D669,009 S 10/2012 Chung
(**) Term: 15 Years D669,412 S * 10/2012 Le Grice ...................... D12,213
D695,193 S 12/2013 Kong
D698.298 S 1/2014 Cortes
(21) Appl. No.: 29/569,497 D698,300 S 1/2014 Chung
D708,114 S * 7/2014 Hodges ........................ D12,213
(22) Filed: Jun. 28, 2016 D711,304 S 8/2014 Chung
D715,211 S 10/2014 Gotschke
(51) LOC (10) Cl. ............................................... 12-16 D722,939 S * 2/2015 Chung ......................... D12,213
(52) U.S. Cl. D726,628 S 4/2015 Kong
USPC ......................................................... D12/213 D736,137 S * 8/2015 Chung ......................... D12,213
(58) Field of Classification Search k .
USPC ................................................. D12/204-213 cited by examiner
CPC ... B60B 7/00, B60B 7/02; B60B 7/04; B60B Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
7/01; B60B 7/06; B60B 3/02; B60B 3/04; (74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom: Todd J.
B60B 3/06; B60B 3/10; B60B 1/00;
B60B os. Bob 10. Bob 3 go
See application file for complete search history. (57) CLAM
(56) References Cited The ornamental design for a wheel part, as shown and
described.
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
D273,102 S 3, 1984 Woodward DESCRIPTION
D291,796 S 9, 1987 Reid
D361975 S 9, 1995 Weld FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a wheel part showing my new
D406,093 S * 2/1999 Wissen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D12,213 design;
D408,775 S 4/1999 Shikado s
D453,724 S 2/2002 Hodges FIG 2 is a front view thereof
D455,698 S 4/2002 Chung FIG. 3 is a back view thereof;
D464,010 S 10/2002 Chung FIG. 4 is a left-side view thereof;
D467,212 S 12/2002 Noriega FIG. 5 is a right-side view thereof;
B.S. s 558 Stalia FIG. 6 is a bottom view thereof, and,
D492,925 S 7/2004 Fitzgerald FIG. 7 is a top view thereof.
D496.317 S 9, 2004 Kataoka
D505,103 S * 5/2005 Bentley ........................ D12,213 1 Claim, 3 Drawing Sheets
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-9 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 4

U.S. Patent May 9, 2017 Sheet 1 of 3 US D786,168 S


Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-9 Filed 01/14/20 Page 3 of 4

U.S. Patent May 9, 2017 Sheet 2 of 3 US D786,168 S


Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-9 Filed 01/14/20 Page 4 of 4

U.S. Patent May 9, 2017 Sheet 3 of 3 US D786,168 S

N.

C S.
l O

s CO
9OS SBO
O) C
-
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-10 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 7
USOOD792831S

(12) United States Design Patent (10) Patent No.: US D792,831 S


Chun 45) Date of Patent: Jul. 25,9 2017

(54) SPOKE INSERT FOR WHEEL RIM D569,777 S 5/2008 Chung


D576,936 S 9, 2008 Imai
- -- D578,457 S 10/2008 Guidry
(71) Applicant: Whil Eros, LLC, Greenwood Village, D598.357 S 8/2009 Chung
(US) D638,767 S 5, 2011 Groom
D669,009 S 10/2012 Chung
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D669,412 S * 10/2012 Le Grice ...................... D12,213
D695,193 S 12/2013 Kong
ck
(**) Term: 15 Years D698.298 S 1/2014 Cortes
D698,300 S 1/2014 Chung
D708,114 S * 7/2014 Hodges ........................ D12,213
(21) Appl. No.: 29/575,688 D711,304 S 8/2014 Chung
D712,333 S * 9/2014 Chung ......................... D12,211
(22) Filed: Aug. 26, 2016 D715,211 S 10/2014 Gotschke
D726,628 S 4/2015 Kong
(51) LOC (10) Cl. ............................................... 12-16 D747.253 S * 1/2016 Chung ......................... D12,211
(52) U.S. Cl. D755,697 S * 5/2016 Tirado ... D12/209
USPC ......................................................... D12/213 D755,698 S * 5/2016 Tirado ... D12/209
(58) Field of Classification Search D786,167 S * 5/2017 Chung ... D12,213
USPC ................................................. D12/204-213 D786,168 S * 5/2017 Chung ......................... D12,213
CPC ... B60B 7/00, B60B 7/02; B60B 7/04; B60B * cited by examiner
7/01; B60B 7/06; B60B 3/02; B60B 3/04;
B60B 3/06; B60B 3/10; B60B 1/00; Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
B60B 1/08; B60B 1/10, B60B 1/12 (74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom: Todd J.
See application file for complete search history. Langford
(56) References Cited (57) CLAM
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS The ornamental design for a spoke insert for wheel rim, as
shown and described.
D273,102 S 3, 1984 Woodward
D291,796 S 9, 1987 Reid
D361975 S 9, 1995 Weld DESCRIPTION
D408,775 S 4/1999 Shikado
D453,724 S 2/2002 Hodges FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a spoke insert for wheel rim
D455,698 S 4/2002 Chung showing my new design;
D464,010 S 10/2002 Chung FIG. 2 i f h f
D467.212 S 12/2002 Noriega . 2 is a front view thereof;
D478,542 S 8, 2003 Sulahian FIG. 3 is a back view thereof;
D482,996 S 12/2003 Sulahian FIG. 4 is a left-side view thereof;
R35 s 3.3. Eld aaC) FIG. 5 is a right-side view thereof;
D503,669 S * 4/2005 Bhambra ........................ D12,211
D508,884 S * 8/2005 Fridie ....... D12,209
E. . g7 is1s aa bottom theof and,
top view thereof.
D512,011 S * 11/2005 Tirado .. ... D12,213
D516,001 S * 2/2006 Tirado ......................... D12/209 1 Claim, 6 Drawing Sheets
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-10 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 7

U.S. Patent Jul. 25, 2017 Sheet 1 of 6 US D792,831 S


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U.S. Patent Jul. 25, 2017 Sheet 2 of 6 US D792,831 S


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U.S. Patent Jul. 25, 2017 Sheet 3 of 6 US D792,831 S


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U.S. Patent Jul. 25, 2017 Sheet 4 of 6 US D792,831 S

EIG. 4
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U.S. Patent Jul. 25, 2017 Sheet S of 6 US D792,831 S

TIG. 5
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-10 Filed 01/14/20 Page 7 of 7

U.S. Patent Jul. 25, 2017 Sheet 6 of 6 US D792,831 S


Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-11 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 5
|HAO WALITATITIKLAT DAN MATA MANUELA HAITI
USOOD794533S

(12 )| United
Chung
States Design Patent ( 10) Patent No.: US D794 ,533 S
(45) Date of Patent: * * Aug. 15 , 2017
(54 ) HUB ATTACHMENT FOR WHEEL RIM D511,297 S * 11/2005 Goldberg ....................... 08 /383
D538 ,733 S * 3/2007 McMath ........... . ....... D12 /213
(71 ) Applicant: Wheel Pros , LLC , Greenwood Village, D569,777 S 5 /2008 Chung
D576 , 936 S 9 / 2008 Imai
CO (US) D578 ,457 S 10 /2008 Guidry
D596 ,073 S * 7 / 2009 Fudala D11/ 133
. . . . . . . D111JJ
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim , CA (US ) D598 ,357 S
D638 ,767 S
8/ 2009
5 /2011
Chung
Groom
(* * ) Term : 15 Years D669 ,009 S | 10/ 2012 Chung
D695 , 193 S 12 /2013 Kong
(21 ) Appl. No.: 29/575 ,687 D695, 200 S * 12 / 2013 Zhao D12 /211
D698 ,298 S 1 /2014 Cortes
D698,300 S 1/2014 Chung
(22) Filed: Aug. 26, 2016 D701, 481
D711,304
S * 3/ 2014
S 8/2014
Chung ..
Chung
D12 /211
(51) LOC (10) Cl. .... 12 - 16 D715 ,211 S 10 /2014 Gotschke
(52 ) U . S . CI. D726 ,628 S 4 /2015 Kong
USPC . . . . . .. .. . . . . ....... D12 /213 D730,260 S * 5/2015 Chung D12 /211
(58 ) Field of Classification Search D736 ,137 S * 8/ 2015 Chung D12 /213
USPC ..... ......... D12 /204 – 213 ; D11/ 117 , 133 , 140 ; D761, 183 S * 7 /2016 Bennett . ............... B60B 7 /0013
| D8383; D21490 D12/213
CPC .... B60B 7 /00 ; B60B 7 /02; B60B 7 /04 ; B60B * cited by examiner
7 /01; B60B 7 /06 ; B60B 3 /02 , B60B 3 /04 ;
B60B 3 /06 ; B60B 3 / 10 ; B60B 1 /00 ; Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
B60B 1 /08 ; B60B 1/ 10 ; B60B 1/ 12 (74 ) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom ; Todd J.
See application file for complete search history . Langford
( 56 ) References Cited (57) CLAIM
U .S . PATENT DOCUMENTS The ornamental design for a hub attachment for wheel rim ,
as shown and described .
D273, 102 S 3/ 1984 Woodward
D291,796 S 9 / 1987 Reid DESCRIPTION
D361, 975 S 9 / 1995 Weld
D365, 296 S * 12 / 1995 Kandampully ..... D11/ 117 FIG . 1 is a perspective view of a hub attachment for wheel
D408,775 S 4 / 1999 Shikado
D453,724 S 2 /2002 Hodges rim showing my new design ;
D455 ,698 S 4/ 2002 Chung FIG . 2 is a front view thereof;
D464,010 S 10/ 2002 Chung FIG . 3 is a left -side view thereof;
D467,212 S 12 /2002 Noriega FIG . 4 is a right- side view thereof;
D478 ,542 S 8/2003 Sulahian FIG . 5 is a bottom view thereof; and ,
D482 ,996 S 12/ 2003 Sulahian
D492,925 S 7/ 2004 Fitzgerald FIG . 6 is a top view thereof.
D496 ,317 S 9 / 2004 Kataoka
D501, 896 S * 2 / 2005 Manville D21/490 1 Claim , 4 Drawing Sheets

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-11 Filed 01/14/20 Page 3 of 5

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-12 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 5
|HAO WALITATIE UIT DIEMITAAMAANA HAITI
USOOD7945345

(12 )| United
Chung
States Design Patent ( 10) Patent No.: US D794 ,534 S
(45) Date of Patent: * * Aug. 15 , 2017
(54 ) HUB INSERT FOR WHEEL RIM D511,297 S * 11/2005 Goldberg ....................... 08 /383
D538 ,733 S * 3/2007 McMath ........... . ....... D12 /213
(71) Applicant: Wheel Pros, LLC , Greenwood Village , D569,777 S 5 /2008 Chung
D576 , 936 S 9 /2008 Imai
CO (US) D578 ,457 S 10 /2008 Guidry
D596 ,073 S * 7 / 2009 Fudala D11/ 133
. . . . . . . D111JJ
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim , CA (US ) D598 ,357 S
D638 ,767 S
8/ 2009 Chung
5 /2011 Groom
(* * ) Term : 15 Years D669 ,009 S | 10/ 2012 Chung
D695 , 193 S 12 /2013 Kong
D695, 200 S * 12 / 2013 Zhao D12 /211
(21) Appl. No.: 29 /577,331 D698 ,298 S 1 /2014 Cortes
D698,300 S 1/2014 Chung
(22 ) Filed : Sep . 12, 2016 D701, 481 S * 3/ 2014 Chung .. D12 /211
(51) LOC (10) Cl. .... 12 - 16 D711,304 S 8/2014 Chung
D715 ,211 S 10 /2014 Gotschke
(52 ) U . S . CI. D726 ,628 S 4 /2015 Kong
USPC . .. . .. . . .. . . ....... D12 /213 D730,260 S * 5/2015 Chung D12 /211
(58 ) Field of Classification Search D736 ,137 S * 8/ 2015 Chung D12 /213
USPC ..... ......... D12 /204 – 213 ; D11/ 117 , 133 , 140 ; D761, 183 S * 7 /2016 Bennett . ............... B60B 7 /0013
| D8383; D21490 D12/213
CPC .... B60B 7 /00 ; B60B 7 /02; B60B 7 /04 ; B60B * cited by examiner
7 /01; B60B 7 /06 ; B60B 3 /02 , B60B 3 /04 ;
B60B 3 /06 ; B60B 3 / 10 ; B60B 1 /00 ; Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
B60B 1 /08 ; B60B 1/ 10 ; B60B 1/ 12 (74 ) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom ; Todd J.
See application file for complete search history . Langford
( 56 ) References Cited (57) CLAIM
U .S . PATENT DOCUMENTS The ornamental design for a hub insert for wheel rim , as
shown and described .
D273, 102 S 3/ 1984 Woodward
D291,796
D361, 975
S
S
9 / 1987
9 / 1995
Reid
Weld
DESCRIPTION
D365,296 S * 12/ 1995 Kandampully ........... D11/ 117 FIG . 1 is a perspective view of a wheel part showing my new
D408,775 S 4 / 1999 Shikado design ;
D453,724 S 2 /2002 Hodges
D455 ,698 S 4/ 2002 Chung FIG . 2 is a front view thereof;
D464,010 S 10/ 2002 Chung FIG . 3 is a left -side view thereof;
D467,212 S 12 /2002 Noriega FIG . 4 is a right- side view thereof;
D478 ,542 S 8/2003 Sulahian FIG . 5 is a bottom view thereof; and ,
D482 ,996 S 12/ 2003 Sulahian
D492, 925 S 7/ 2004 Fitzgerald FIG . 6 is a top view thereof.
D496 ,317 S 9 / 2004 Kataoka
D501, 896 S * 2 / 2005 Manville D21/490 1 Claim , 4 Drawing Sheets

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-13 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 3
|HAO WALIT ATIE A UNA MICA MARINA MARTIN
USOOD801903S

(12 )| United
Chung
States Design Patent ( 10) Patent No.: US D801 , 903 S
(45) Date of Patent: * * Nov. 7 , 2017
(54) WHEEL D482 ,996
D484, 085
S
S
12 /2003
* 12 / 2003
Sulahian
Tirado D12 /211
(71) Applicant: Wheel Pros , LLC , Greenwood Village , D492 ,925 S 7 /2004 Fitzgerald
D492 ,927 S * 7 /2004 Fitzgerald . . .. . D12 /211
CO (US) D496 ,317 S 9 /2004 Kataoka
D569,777 S 5 /2008 Chung
(72 ) Inventor : Suny Chung, Anaheim , CA (US) D569,778
D576 , 936
S
S
* 5 / 2008
9 / 2008
Kim ...
Imai
D12/211
(* * ) Term : 15 Years D578, 457 S 10 /2008 Guidry
D598 ,357 S | 8 /2009 Chung
D638, 767 S 5 / 2011 Groom
(21) Appl. No.: 29 /569,482 D669 ,009
D670,223
S
S
10/2012
* 11/2012
Chung
Chung D12 / 209
(22 ) Filed : Jun . 28 , 2016 D680 ,488 S * 4 /2013 Campbell ....... . D12 /211
D695á , 193
193 SS 12 /2013 Kong
(51) LOC (10) CI. 12 - 16 D698,298 S 1/2014 Cortes
( 52 ) U . S . CI. D698 ,300 S | 1/2014 Chung
USPC .... ....... ......................................... D12 /211 D706,198 S * 6/2014 Chung D12 /211
D711,304 S 8/2014 Chung
(58 ) Field of Classification Search D715 ,211 S 10 / 2014 Gotschke
USPC ...... D12 / 204 - 213 D726 ,628 S 4 / 2015 Kong
CPC .... B60B 7 /00 ; B60B 7 /02; B60B 7 / 04 ; B60B D738 ,279 S * 9 /2015 Dionisopoulos ...... .. ... D12 /209
7 /01; B60B 7 / 06 ; B60B 3 /02 ; B60B 3 /04 ; | D760, 140 S *6/ 2016 Chung .... D12 /209
B60B 3 /06 ; B60B 3 /10 ; B60B 1 /00 ; D761, 178 S * 7 /2016 Johnson ...... D12/ 209
B60B 1 /08 ; B60B 1/ 10 ; B60B 1/ 12 * cited by examiner
See application file for complete search history.
Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
(56 ) References Cited (74 ) Attorney , Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom
scom

U .S . PATENT DOCUMENTS (57 ) CLAIM


D273, 102 S 3/ 1984 Woodward The ornamental design for a wheel,as shown and described .
D291, 796 S 9 / 1987 Reid
D361, 975 S 9 / 1995 Weld DESCRIPTION
D408, 775 S 4 / 1999 Shikado
D426 , 184 S * 6 /2000 Goplen D12 /209 FIG . 1 is a perspective view of a wheel showing my new
D453 .724 S 2 / 2002 Hodges design ; and ,
D455,698 S 4 / 2002 Chung
D464 ,010 S 10/2002 Chung FIG . 2 is a front view thereof.
D467,212 S 12 / 2002 Noriega
D478 ,542 S 8/ 2003 Sulahian 1 Claim , 2 Drawing Sheets

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-13 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 3

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-14 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 3
USOOD811980S

(12 ) United
Chung
States Design Patent ( 10) Patent No.: US D811, 980 S
(45) Date of Patent: * * Mar . 6 , 2018
(54 ) WHEEL D569,778 S * 5 /2008 Kim . ...........
D670, 223 S * 11/ 2012 Campbell
Chung ......
D12 /211
D12 / 209
(71) Applicant: Wheel Pros, LLC , Greenwood Village , D680 .488 S * 44 //2013
2013 Campbell . .. ... ........ .
D12 /211
D706 , 198 S * 6/2014 Chung . . . .. .. . .. . . .D12 /211
CO (US) D712,333 S * 9 /2014 Chung . . .. . .. . D12 /211
D738 ,279 S * 9 /2015 Dionisopoulos ............. D12 / 209
(72 ) Inventor : Suny Chung, Anaheim , CA (US) D747, 253 S * 1/ 2016 Chung ..... D12 /211
D755 ,692 S * 5 /2016 Nakahara ................. D12 /209
(* * ) Term : 15 Years D755 ,698 S * 5 /2016 Tirado D12/ 209
D760,140 S * 6/ 2016 Chung * * . . .. . .. . ... D12/209
D761, 178 S * 7 /2016 Johnson D12 /209
(21) Appl. No.: 29 /569,486 D794,533 S * 8 /2017 Chung D12 /213
D794, 534 S * 8/ 2017 Chung D12 /213
(22 ) Filed : Jun. 28 , 2016
(51) LOC (11) Cl. .... . .. . . . . 12- 16 * cited by examiner
(52 ) U . S . CI. Primary Examiner — Sandra Snapp
USPC . .. .. .. ... . ....... D12/211 (74 ) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom
(58) Field of Classification Search
USPC ........ D12 /204 - 213
CPC ... B60B 7 / 00 ; B60B 7 /02; B60B 7 /04 ; B60B (57 ) CLAIM
7 / 01; B60B 7 / 06 ; B60B 3 /02; B60B 3 /04 ; The ornamental design for a wheel, as shown and described .
B60B 3 /06 ; B60B 3 / 10 ; B6OB 1 /00 ;
B60B 1 /08 ; B60B 1 / 10 ; B60B 1 / 12
See application file for complete search history. DESCRIPTION
( 56 ) References Cited FIG . 1 is a perspective view of a wheel showing my new
design ; and ,
U . S . PATENT DOCUMENTS FIG . 2 is a front view thereof.
D426 , 184 S * 6 / 2000 Goplen ..................... D12 /209
In the drawings, broken lines shown in the drawings depict
D466 ,854 S * 12 /2002 Kern . .......... D12 /211 environmental subject matter only and form no part of the
D484, 085 S * 12 / 2003 Tirado D12 /211 claimed design .
D492 ,927 S * 7 / 2004 Fitzgerald ..... ......... D12/211
D508, 884 S * 8 / 2005 Fridie . ..... .... . D12 /209 1 Claim , 2 Drawing Sheets
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-15 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 3
MI MOTIVI TO NUOMALATI USOOD811981S

(12 ) United
Chung
States Design Patent ( 10) Patent No.: US D811, 981 S
(45) Date of Patent: * * Mar . 6 , 2018
(54) WHEEL D496 ,317
D508 ,884
S
S *
9 / 2004
8/ 2005
Kataoka
Fridie
(71) Applicant: Wheel Pros , LLC , Greenwood Village ,
CO (US )
D569,777
D569,778
D576 , 936
S
.5 /2008
S * 5 / 2008
S 9 /2008
Chung
Kim
Imai
D12 / 209
D12 /211
D578 ,457 S 10 /2008 Guidry
( 72 ) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim , CA (US) D598 ,357 S
D638 ,767 S
| 8/2009 Chung
5 /2011 Groom
D669 ,009 S 10/2012 Chung
(* *) Term : 15 Years D670, 223 S * 11/ 2012 Chung D12/ 209
D680 ,488 S * 4 / 2013 Campbell D12 /211
(21) Appl. No.: 29 /569,490 D695, 193
D698, 298
S
S
12 / 2013
1/ 2014
Kong
Cortes
(22 ) Filed : Jun . 28, 2016 D698,300
D706,198
S
S
1/2014
* 6/2014
Chung
Chung D12 /211
(51) LOC (11) CI. .... ......................................... 12 - 16
(52) U .S . CI.
USPC . .. .. .. ... .. . ............. D12 /211
D711 ,304
D712, 333
D715 ,211
S
S
S
. 8/2014
* 9 /2014
10 /2014
Chung
Chung
Gotschke
D12/211
(58 ) Field of Classification Search D726 ,628 S 4 /2015 Kong
. ......... D12 /204- 213 D738 ,279 S * 9 /2015 Dionisopoulos ............. D12 /209
USPC D747,253 S * 1/ 2016 Chung .......... D12/211
CPC .... B60B 7 /00 ; B60B 7 /02 , B60B 7 /04 ; B60B D755 ,692 S ** 5 /2016 Nakahara ................... D12 /209
7 /01; B60B 7 /06 ; B60B 3 /02 ; B60B 3 /04 ; D755 ,698 S * 5 /2016 Tirado D12 /209
B60B 3 / 10 ; B60B 1 /00 ; B60B 1 /08 ; D760,140 S * 6/ 2016 Chung . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . D12 /209
B60B 1 / 10 ; B60B 1/ 12 D761, 178 S * 7/ 2016 Johnson D12 /209
See application file for complete search history . * cited by examiner
( 56 ) References Cited Primary Examiner — Sandra Snapp
U . S . PATENT DOCUMENTS (74 ) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom
D273, 102 S 3 / 1984 Woodward (57) CLAIM
D291 ,796
D361, 975
S
S
9 / 1987
9 / 1995
Reid
Weld
The ornamental design for a wheel, as shown and described .
D408 ,775 S 4 / 1999 Shikado DESCRIPTION
D426 , 184 S * 6 / 2000 Goplen . D12 /209
D453 ,724 S 2 / 2002 Hodges FIG . 1 is a perspective view of a wheel showing my new
D455, 698 S 4 / 2002 Chung
D464, 010 S 10/ 2002 Chung design ; and ,
D466 ,854 S * 12 / 2002 Kern D12 /211 FIG . 2 is a front view thereof.
D467,212 S 12/2002 Noriega In the drawings, broken lines shown in the drawings depict
D478,542 S 8/ 2003 Sulahian environmental subject matter only and form no part of the
D482,996 S 12/ 2003 Sulahian
D484 ,085 S * 12/2003 Tirado D12 /211 claimed design .
D492 ,925 S 7 / 2004 Fitzgerald
D492 , 927 S * 7 /2004 Fitzgerald ............. D12 /211 1 Claim , 2 Drawing Sheets

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USOOD812540S

(12 )| United
Chung
States Design Patent ( 10) Patent No.: US D812 ,540 S
(45) Date of Patent: * * Mar. 13 , 2018
(54) WHEEL D496 ,317
D508 ,884
S
S *
9 / 2004
8/ 2005
Kataoka
Fridie
(71) Applicant: Wheel Pros , LLC , Greenwood Village ,
CO (US )
D569,777
D569,778
D576 , 936
S
.5 /2008
S * 5 / 2008
S 9 /2008
Chung
Kim
Imai
D12 / 209
D12 /211
D578 ,457 S 10 /2008 Guidry
( 72 ) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim , CA (US) D598 ,357 S
D638 ,767 S
| 8/2009 Chung
5 /2011 Groom
D669 ,009 S 10/2012 Chung
(* * ) Term : 15 Years D670, 223 S * 11/ 2012 Chung D12/ 209
D680 ,488 S * 4 / 2013 Campbell D12 /211
(21) Appl. No.: 29 /569,488 D695, 193
D698, 298
S
S
12 / 2013
1/ 2014
Kong
Cortes
(22 ) Filed : Jun . 28 , 2016 D698,300
D706,198
S
S
1/2014
* 6/2014
Chung
Chung D12 /211
(51) LOC (11) CI. .... ......................................... 12 - 16 D711 ,304 S 8/2014 Chung
(52) U .S . CI. D712, 333
D715 ,211
S
S
* 9 /2014
10 /2014
Chung
Gotschke
D12/211
USPC . .. .. .. ... .. . . ....... D12/211
((5858)) USPC
Field ofof Classification Search. ......... D12 /204- 213
Field D726 ,628
D738 ,279 S *
D747,253 S *
S 4 /2015 Kong
9 /2015 Dionisopoulos ............. D12 /209
1/ 2016 Chung .......... D12/211
CPC .... B60B 7 /00 ; B60B 7 /02 , B60B 7 /04 ; B60B D755 ,692 S ** 5 /2016 Nakahara ................... D12 /209
7 /01: B60B 7 /06 ; B60B 3 /02 ; B60B 3 /04 ; D755 ,698 S * 5 /2016 Tirado D12 /209
B60B 3 /06 ; B60B 3 /10 ; B60B 1 /00 ; D760,140 S * 6/ 2016 Chung . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . D12 /209
B60B 1 /08 ; B60B 1 / 10 ; B60B 1/ 12 D761, 178 S * 7/ 2016 Johnson D12 /209
See application file for complete search history . * cited by examiner
( 56 ) References Cited Primary Examiner — Sandra Snapp
U . S . PATENT DOCUMENTS (74 ) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom
D273, 102 S 3 / 1984
Woodward (57) CLAIM
D291,796
D361, 975
S
S
9 / 1987
Reid
9 / 1995
Weld
The ornamental design for a wheel, as shown and described .
D408 ,775 S 4 / 1999
Shikado DESCRIPTION
D426 , 184 S * 6 / 2000
Goplen . D12 /209
D453 ,724 S 2 / 2002
Hodges FIG . 1 is a perspective view of a wheel showing my new
D455, 698 S 4 / 2002 Chung
D464 ,010 S | 10/ 2002 Chung design ; and ,
D466 ,854 S * 12 / 2002 Kern D12 /211 FIG . 2 is a front view thereof.
D467,212 S 12/2002 Noriega In the drawings, broken lines shown in the drawings depict
D478,542 S 8/ 2003 Sulahian environmental subject matter only and form no part of the
D482,996 S 12/ 2003 Sulahian
D484 ,085 S * 12/2003 Tirado D12 /211 claimed design .
D492 ,925 S 7 / 2004 Fitzgerald
D492 , 927 S * 7 /2004 Fitzgerald ............... D12 /211 1 Claim , 2 Drawing Sheets
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|HAO WALITATITOMU AMAI MULT THALITATI USOOD8125415

(12 )| United
Chung
States Design Patent ( 10) Patent No.: US D812 ,541 S
(45) Date of Patent: * * Mar. 13 , 2018
(54 ) WHEEL D492 ,925 S 7/2004 Fitzgerald
D492 ,927 S * 7/2004 Fitzgerald D12 /211
(71) Applicant: Wheel Pros, LLC , Greenwood Village , D496 ,317 S 9 /2004 Kataoka
D508, 884 S * 8 /2005 Fridie D12 /209
CO (US) D569 ,778 S * 5 /2008 Kim D12 /211
D670,223 S * 11/2012 Chung ............. D12 /209
(72 ) Inventor : Suny Chung, Anaheim , CA (US) D680 ,488 S * 4 /2013 Campbell D12 /211
D698 ,298 S. 1/2014 Cortes
(* * ) Term : 15 Years D706,198 S * 6/2014 Chung ... ....... D12 /211
D711,304 S 8 /2014 Chung
(21) Appl. No.: 29/569,493 D712,333 S * 9 /2014 Chung D12 /211
D715 ,211 S 10 /2014 Gotschke
D738 ,279 S * 9 /2015 Dionisopoulos ............. D12 / 209
(22 ) Filed : Jun. 28 , 2016 D747,253 S * 1 /2016 Chung ........... D12 /211
(51) LOC (11) Cl. .... . .. . . . . 12 - 16 D755,692 S * 5 / 2016 Nakahara ................. D12 /209
(52 ) U . S . CI. D755 ,698 S * 5/ 2016 Tirado ....... D12 / 209
D760, 140 S * 6 / 2016 Chung .... .. . . . . . . . . . . . D12 / 209
USPC . .. .. .. ... . ....... D12/211 D761, 178 S * 7 /2016 Johnson ...... ... D12 / 209
(58) Field of Classification Search D794,533 S * 8 /2017 Chung
w . . .. . . . . .. . D12 /213
USPC ... . .. D12 /204 - 213 D794 ,534 S * 8/2017 Chung .... ... ... D12 /213
CPC ... B60B 7 / 00 ; B60B 7 /02; B60B 7 /04 ; B60B * cited by examiner
7 /01; B60B 7 /06 ; B60B 3 /02, B60B 3 /04 ;
B60B 3 /06 ; B60B 3 / 10 ; B6OB 1 /00 ; Primary Examiner — Sandra Snapp
B60B 1 /08; B60B 1 / 10 ; B60B 1 /12 (74 ) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Eric Hanscom
See application file for complete search history.
(57) CLAIM
( 56 ) References Cited
The ornamental design for a wheel, as shown and described .
U .S . PATENT DOCUMENTS
D273 , 102 S 3 / 1984 Woodward DESCRIPTION
D291,796 S 9 / 1987 Reid
D361,975 S 9 / 1995 Weld FIG . 1 is a perspective view of a wheel showing my new
D408,775 S 4 / 1999 Shikado design ; and,
D426 , 184 S * 6 / 2000 Goplen D12 /209 FIG . 2 is a front view thereof.
D455 , 698 S 4 /2002 Chung In the drawings , broken lines shown in the drawings depict
D466 ,854 S * 12 /2002 Kern .... D12/211 environmental subject matter only and form no part of the
D467, 212 S 12 / 2002 Noriega
D478 ,542 S 8/ 2003 Sulahian claimed design .
D482,996 S 12/ 2003 Sulahian
D484 ,085 S * 12 / 2003 Tirado .. . . . .. .. . . . .. .. .. D12/211 1 Claim , 2 Drawing Sheets
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-18 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 3
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-19 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 7
USOOD709020S

(12) United States Design Patent (10) Patent No.: US D709,020 S


Chung (45) Date of Patent: Jul. 15, 2014
(54) WHEEL D578.458 S * 10/2008 Cortes .......................... D12,211
D597,012 S * 7/2009 Chung ......................... D12,211
D633,027 S * 2/2011 Matei et al. .................. D12,211
(71) Applicant: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D656,447 S * 3/2012 Johnson ....................... D12,211
D670.227 S * 1 1/2012 Chung ......................... D12,211
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D683,686 S * 6/2013 Alfonso ....................... D12,211
D688,187 S * 8/2013 McMath ...................... D12/209
(73) Assignee: Wheel Pros, LLC, Greenwood Village, D695,188 S * 12/2013 Chinavare .................... D12/209
CO (US) * cited by examiner
(**) Term: 14 Years Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Garcia-Zamor IP Law; Ruy
(21) Appl. No. 29/481,665 M. Garcia-Zamor
1-1. (57) CLAM
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12-16 The ornamental design for a wheel, as shown and described.
DESCRIPTION

(52) U.S. Cl.


USPC ......................................................... D12/211 FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a wheel according to my new
(58) Field of Classification Search design;
USPC ......... D12/204-213: 301/37.101, 64.101, 65, FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
301/64.201 FIG. 3 is a left side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
See application file for complete search history. FIG. 45 isis aa right
FIG. sideview
top plan elevational view ofofthe
of the wheel wheel
FIG. 1; of FIG. 1;
(56) References Cited
FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of the wheel of FIG. 1; and,
FIG. 7 is a rear elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1.
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS The broken line showing of the rear of the wheel is included
M for the purpose of illustrating environment and forms no part
D470,812 S * 2/2003 Chu ............................. D12/211 of the claimed design.
D526,267 S * 8/2006 Looho ...... ... D12,211
D548,165 S * 8/2007 Young .......................... D12,211 1 Claim, 6 Drawing Sheets
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-19 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 7

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-19 Filed 01/14/20 Page 6 of 7

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USOOD712333S

(12) United States Design Patent (10) Patent No.: US D712,333 S


Chung (45) Date of Patent: Sep. 2, 2014
(54) WHEEL D683.296 S * 5/2013 Tirado ......................... D12/209
D688,187 S *ck 8/2013 McMath ... D12/209
(71) Applicant: Suny Chung, Yorba Linda, CA (US) D695,188 S 12/2013 Chinavare .................... D12/209
* cited by examiner
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Yorba Linda, CA (US)
Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
(73) Assignee: Wheel Pros, LLC, Greenwood Village, (74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Garcia-Zamor IP Law; Ruy
CO (US) M. Garcia-Zamor
(57) CLAM
(**) Term: 14 Years The ornamental design for a wheel, as shown and described.
(21) Appl. No. 29/481,663 DESCRIPTION
(22) Filed: Feb. 7, 2014 FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a wheel showing my new
design;
(51) LOC (10) Cl. ................................................ 12-16 FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
(52) U.S. Cl. FIG. 3 is a left side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
USPC ......................................................... D12/211 FIG. 4 is a right side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
(58) Field of Classification Search FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
USPC ......... D12/204-213: 301/37.101, 64.101, 65, FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
301/64.201 FIG. 7 is a rear elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
See application file for complete search history. FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a wheel according to a second
preferred embodiment of my new design;
(56) References Cited FIG. 9 is a front elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 8:
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS FIG. 10 is a left side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 8:
FIG. 11 is a right side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 8:
D470,812 S * 2/2003 Chu ............................. D12,211 FIG. 12 is a top plan view of the wheel of FIG. 8:
D526,267 S * 8/2006 Looho .......................... D12,211 FIG. 13 is a bottom plan view of the wheel of FIG. 8; and,
D558,115 S * 12/2007 Groom ......................... D12/209 FIG. 14 is a rear elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 8.
D578.458 S * 10/2008 Cortes .......................... D12,211 The broken line showing of the rear of the wheel is included
D579,845 S * 1 1/2008 Chung ......................... D12/209 for the purpose of illustrating environment and forms no part
D597,012 S * 7/2009 Chung ......................... D12,211 purp 9. p
D624,863 S * 10/2010 Zhao ............................ D12/21 of the claimed design.
D625,238 S * 10/2010 Zhao ............................ D12/209
D670.227 S * 1 1/2012 Chung ......................... D12,211 1 Claim, 12 Drawing Sheets
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-20 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 13

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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-21 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 7
USOOD742293S

(12) United States Design Patent (10) Patent No.: US D742.293 S


Chung (45) Date of Patent: . Nov. 3, 2015
(54) WHEEL D578.458 S * 10/2008 Cortes .......................... D12,211
D597,012 S * 7/2009 Chung ... D12,211
D625,238 S * 10/2010 Zhao ....... D12/209
(71) Applicant: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D670,227 S * 1 1/2012 Chung ... D12,211
D686,959 S * 7/2013 Hale ....... D12/209
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D688,187 S * 8/2013 McMath ... D12/209
D695,188 S * 12/2013 Chinavare ... D12/209
(73) Assignee: Wheel Pros, LLC, Greenwood Village, D707,167 S * 6/2014 Chung ... D12/209
CO (US) D709,020 S * 7/2014 Chung ... D12,211
D712,333 S * 9/2014 Chung ... D12,211
D722,548 S * 2/2015 Chung ... D12,211
(**) Term: 14 Years D733,025 S * 6/2015 Chung ......................... D12,211
(21) Appl. No. 29/495,360 * cited by examiner
(22) Filed: Jun. 30, 2014 Primary Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
(51) LOC (10) Cl. ................................................ 12-16 74) Attorney,
orney, Agent,
Ag or Firm — Garcia-Zamor IP Law; Ruy
(52) U.S. Cl M. Garcia-Zamor
USPC ......................................................... D12/211 (57) CLAM
(58) Field of Classification Search The ornamental design for a wheel, as shown and described.
USPC ................................................. D12/204-213
CPC ..... ... B60B 7/00, B60B 7/02; B60B 7/04; DESCRIPTION
B60B 7/01; B60B 7/06; B60B3/02; B60B
3/04 B6OB 3/06 B6OB 3/10; B6OB 1 FOO FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a wheel according to my new
s s s s design;
B6OB 1 FG)8: B6OB 1 f10: B6OB 1/12 s
S lication file f s let s
h historv. FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1:s
ee appl1cauon Ille Ior complete searcn n1Story FIG. 3 is a left side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
(56) References Cited FIG. 4 is a right side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of the wheel of FIG. 1; and,
FIG. 7 is a rear elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1.
D470,812 S * 2/2003 Chu ............................. D12,211 The broken lines in FIGS. 1 and 3-7 represent environment
D499,062 S * 1 1/2004 Cheng .......................... D12/209 and are for illustrative purposes only and do not constitute
D526,267 S * 8/2006 Looho .......................... D12,211
D543,493 S * 5/2007 Kim ............................. D12/209 part of the claimed design.
D548,165 S * 8/2007 Young .......................... D12,211
D569,778 S * 5/2008 Kim ............................. D12,211 1 Claim, 6 Drawing Sheets
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-21 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 7

U.S. Patent Nov. 3, 2015 Sheet 1 of 6 US D742.293 S


Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-21 Filed 01/14/20 Page 3 of 7

U.S. Patent Nov. 3, 2015 Sheet 2 of 6 US D742.293 S


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U.S. Patent Nov. 3, 2015 Sheet 4 of 6 US D742.293 S

FG, 4
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U.S. Patent Nov. 3, 2015 Sheet 5 of 6 US D742.293 S

- a - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
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U.S. Patent Nov. 3, 2015 Sheet 6 of 6 US D742.293 S


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USOOD7472.53S

(12) United States Design Patent (10) Patent No.: US D747,253 S


Chung (45) Date of Patent: ... Jan. 12, 2016
(54) WHEEL D597,012 S * 7/2009 Chung ......................... D12,211
D625,238 S * 10/2010 Zhao ............................ D12/209
D631,419 S * 1/2011 Kim ............................. D12/209
(71) Applicant: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D670.227 S * 1 1/2012 Chung ......................... D12,211
D686,960 S * 7/2013 Claunch ....................... D12/209
(72) Inventor: Suny Chung, Anaheim, CA (US) D688,187 S * 8/2013 McMath ...................... D12/209
D695,188 S * 12/2013 Chinavare .................... D12/209
(73) Assignee: Wheel Pros, LLC, Greenwood Village, D709,016 S * 7/2014 Zane ............................ D12/209
CO (US) D712,333 S * 9/2014 Chung ......................... D12,211
D726,629 S * 4/2015 Guidry ......................... D12,211
(**) Term: 14 Years * cited by examiner
21) App
(21) A1. No. 29/495.359
9 Primaryy Examiner — Stacia Cadmus
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm — Garcia-Zamor IP Law; Ruy
(22) Filed: Jun. 30, 2014 M. Garcia-Zamor
3. ...) Cl. ................................................ 12-16 (57) CLAM
(52) USPG --- ------ ----- --------- ----- ------ --- ------ ----- -------- D12/211 The ornamental design for a wheel, as shown and described.

(58) Field of Classification Search DESCRIPTION


USPC ................................................. D12/204-213
CPC .............. B60B 7/00, B60B 7/02; B60B 7/04; FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a wheel according to my new
B60B 7/01; B60B 7/06; B60B3/02; B60B design;
3/04; B60B3/06; B60B 3/10, B60B 1700; FIG. 2 is a front elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
B60B 1/08; B60B 1/10, B60B 1/12 FIG. 3 is a left side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
See application file for complete search history. FIG. 4 is a right side elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a top plan view of the wheel of FIG. 1;
(56) References Cited FIG. 6 is a bottom plan view of the wheel of FIG. 1; and,
FIG. 7 is a rear elevational view of the wheel of FIG. 1.
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS The broken lines in FIGS. 1 and 3-7 represent environment
D470.812 S * 2, 2003 Chu D12,211 and are for illustrative purposes only and do not constitute
D526,267 S * 8/2006 Looho ...... D12/21 part of the claimed design.
D558,115 S * 12/2007 Groom ... ... D12,209
D569,778 S * 5/2008 Kim ............................. D12,211 1 Claim, 6 Drawing Sheets
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U.S. Patent Jan. 12, 2016 Sheet 1 of 6 US D747,253 S


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U.S. Patent Jan. 12, 2016 Sheet 2 of 6 US D747,253 S

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U.S. Patent Jan. 12, 2016 Sheet 3 of 6 US D747,253 S

FIG, 3
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U.S. Patent Jan. 12, 2016 Sheet 4 of 6 US D747,253 S

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FIG, 4
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-22 Filed 01/14/20 Page 6 of 7

U.S. Patent Jan. 12, 2016 Sheet 5 of 6 US D747,253 S

FG, 5
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-22 Filed 01/14/20 Page 7 of 7

U.S. Patent Jan. 12, 2016 Sheet 6 of 6 US D747,253 S

FG, 7
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Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-24 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 2

Reg. No. 5,001,689 Wheel Pros, LLC (DELAWARE LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY)
Suite 200
Registered Jul. 19, 2016 5347 South Valentia Way
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Int. Cl.: 12 CLASS 12: Automotive vehicle wheels and components thereof

Trademark FIRST USE 12-28-2004; IN COMMERCE 12-28-2004

Principal Register The mark consists of a raised star in the middle of a wheel cap. The broken lines depicting
the wheel hub, wheel cap, and lug nuts indicated placement of the mark on the goods and are
not part of the mark.

SEC.2(F)

SER. NO. 86-733,660, FILED 08-22-2015

RENEE D MCCRAY, EXAMINING ATTORNEY


Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-24 Filed 01/14/20 Page 2 of 2
REQUIREMENTS TO MAINTAIN YOUR FEDERAL TRADEMARK REGISTRATION
WARNING: YOUR REGISTRATION WILL BE CANCELLED IF YOU DO NOT FILE THE
DOCUMENTS BELOW DURING THE SPECIFIED TIME PERIODS.

Requirements in the First Ten Years*


What and When to File:

First Filing Deadline: You must file a Declaration of Use (or Excusable Nonuse) between the 5th and 6th
years after the registration date. See 15 U.S.C. §§1058, 1141k. If the declaration is accepted, the
registration will continue in force for the remainder of the ten-year period, calculated from the registration
date, unless cancelled by an order of the Commissioner for Trademarks or a federal court.

Second Filing Deadline: You must file a Declaration of Use (or Excusable Nonuse) and an Application
for Renewal between the 9th and 10th years after the registration date.* See 15 U.S.C. §1059.

Requirements in Successive Ten-Year Periods*


What and When to File:

You must file a Declaration of Use (or Excusable Nonuse) and an Application for Renewal
between every 9th and 10th-year period, calculated from the registration date.*

Grace Period Filings*

The above documents will be accepted as timely if filed within six months after the deadlines listed above with
the payment of an additional fee.

*ATTENTION MADRID PROTOCOL REGISTRANTS: The holder of an international registration with an


extension of protection to the United States under the Madrid Protocol must timely file the Declarations of Use
(or Excusable Nonuse) referenced above directly with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
The time periods for filing are based on the U.S. registration date (not the international registration date). The
deadlines and grace periods for the Declarations of Use (or Excusable Nonuse) are identical to those for
nationally issued registrations. See 15 U.S.C. §§1058, 1141k. However, owners of international registrations
do not file renewal applications at the USPTO. Instead, the holder must file a renewal of the underlying
international registration at the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization, under
Article 7 of the Madrid Protocol, before the expiration of each ten-year term of protection, calculated from the
date of the international registration. See 15 U.S.C. §1141j. For more information and renewal forms for the
international registration, see http://www.wipo.int/madrid/en/.

NOTE: Fees and requirements for maintaining registrations are subject to change. Please check the
USPTO website for further information. With the exception of renewal applications for registered
extensions of protection, you can file the registration maintenance documents referenced above online at h
ttp://www.uspto.gov.

NOTE: A courtesy e-mail reminder of USPTO maintenance filing deadlines will be sent to trademark
owners/holders who authorize e-mail communication and maintain a current e-mail address with the
USPTO. To ensure that e-mail is authorized and your address is current, please use the Trademark
Electronic Application System (TEAS) Correspondence Address and Change of Owner Address Forms
available at http://www.uspto.gov.

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http://www.azd.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/generate_civil_js44.pl
Case 2:20-cv-00104-MHB Document 1-28 Filed 01/14/20 Page 1 of 2

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT


DISTRICT OF ARIZONA

This automated JS-44 conforms generally to the manual JS-44 approved by the Judicial Conference of the United States in September
1974. The data is required for the use of the Clerk of Court for the purpose of initiating the civil docket sheet. The information
contained herein neither replaces nor supplements the filing and service of pleadings or other papers as required by law. This form is
authorized for use only in the District of Arizona.

The completed cover sheet must be printed directly to PDF and filed as an attachment to
the Complaint or Notice of Removal.

Wholesale Custom Tires and


Wheels LLC ; El Padrino Tires &
Plaintiff(s): Wheel Pros, LLC Defendant(s): Wheels LLC ; Super Llantas
Family LLC ; Zhejiang Ivision
Industry & Trade Co., Ltd.
County of Residence: Outside the State of Arizona County of Residence: Maricopa
County Where Claim For Relief Arose: Maricopa

Plaintiff's Atty(s): Defendant's Atty(s):


Andrea Marie Simbro
Warner Angle Hallam Jackson & Formanek, PLC
2555 E Camelback Road, Suite 800
Phoenix, Arizona 85016
6022647101

John A Buric
Warner Angle Hallam Jackson & Formanek, PLC
2555 E Camelback Road, Suite 800
Phoenix, Arizona 85016
6022647101

Peter J Foster
Warner Angle Hallam Jackson & Formanek, PLC
2555 E Camelback Road, Suite 800
Phoenix, Arizona 85016
6022647101

II. Basis of Jurisdiction: 3. Federal Question (U.S. not a party)

III. Citizenship of Principal


Parties (Diversity Cases Only)

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Plaintiff:- 2 Citizen of Another State
Defendant:- 1 Citizen of This State

IV. Origin : 1. Original Proceeding

V. Nature of Suit: 830 Patent

VI.Cause of Action: 35 U.S.C. § 1 et. seq.; 15 U.S.C. § 1051, et seq.

VII. Requested in Complaint


Class Action: No
Dollar Demand:
Jury Demand: Yes

VIII. This case is not related to another case.

Signature: Andrea M. Simbro

Date: 1/14/20
If any of this information is incorrect, please go back to the Civil Cover Sheet Input form using the Back button in your
browser and change it. Once correct, save this form as a PDF and include it as an attachment to your case opening documents.

Revised: 01/2014

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