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1. Critical thinking - This is convergent thinking. It assesses the


worth and validity of something existent. It involves precise,
persistent, objective analysis. When teachers try to get several
learners to think convergently, they try to help them develop common
understanding.

2. Creative thinking - This is divergent thinking. It generates


something new or different. It involves having a different idea that
works as well or better than previous ideas.

3. Convergent thinking - This type of thinking is cognitive


processing of information around a common point, an attempt to bring
thoughts from different directions into a union or common conclusion.
[. Divergent thinking - This type of thinking starts from a common
point and moves outward into a variety of perspectives. When fosering
divergent thinking, teachers use the content as a vehicle to prompt
diverse or unique thinking among students rather than a common
view.

5. Inductive thinking - This is the process of reasoning from parts to


the whole, from examples to generalizations.

6. Deductive thinking - This type of reasoning moves from the whole


to its parts, from generalizations to underlying concepts to examples.

7. Closed questions - These are questions asked by teachers that


have predictable responses. Closed questions almost always require
factual recall rather than higher levels of thinking.

8. Open questions - These are questions that do not have predictable


answers. Open questions almost always require higher order thinking.

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To think is to analyze, examine and sort out information and form in the
mind ideas or opinions, to perform any mental operation, to reason, to bring
to mind or recollect, to determine, resolve and to work things out.

Thinking is to conceive thoughts and ideas by reasoning, to form an opinion,


to judge, to consider, to employ and to bring one's intellectual faculties to
work, to concentrate one's thoughts on any given subject.

Thinking is the act of reasoning from factual knowledge and or evidence.


Thinking is to use the mind for processing imagination and information, to
arrive at logical conclusions, from premises known and or assumed to be true
for making imaginative decisions.

To think is to reason about or reflect on, to ponder. Think how complex is our
Milky Way Galaxy. Think the matter through creatively. To decide by
reasoning, reflection or pondering, thinking what to believe, what to say or
what to do.

To think is to judge or regard, look upon. To think is to learn of, or from, by


analyzing what one could learn by thinking about the newly acquired
knowledge, thought, suggestion and or idea, in order to learn and accept as
truth.

Thinking is to call to mind, to remember, to visualize and recall the images of


what was once known to the mind. To think is to have creative thoughts, to
bring a thought to mind by imagination or invention to devise or evolve to
invent by imaginative thinking.

Thinking is to bring one's mind into a given condition by mental


preoccupation, to exercise the power of one's mind by reasoning and by
conceiving ideas, drawing inferences, and using or arriving to a judgment.

Common sense should be the guide, based on which one could lead a fruitful,
thoughtful and exciting life journey. One should never make decisions nor
implement one's decisions under extreme euphoria, sadness, resentment or
anger. The best condition conducive for rational thinking is a calm relaxing
environment.

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