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DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION Prepared in cooperation with the BEDROCK GEOLOGY OF THE PENNS GROVE AND WILMINGTON SOUTH

Prepared in cooperation with the BEDROCK GEOLOGY OF THE PENNS GROVE AND WILMINGTON SOUTH QUADRANGLES,
LAND USE MANAGEMENT U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY SALEM AND GLOUCESTER COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY
NEW JERSEY GEOLOGICAL SURVEY NATIONAL GEOLOGIC MAPPING PROGRAM GEOLOGIC MAP SERIES GMS 06-4
INTRODUCTION boundary between the units is an unconformity. Unit 3 (Kp3) is of Late Cretaceous (early Schenck, W. S., Plank, M. O., and Srogi, L., 2000, Bedrock geologic map of the 75o30'
B' MARCUS HOOK 75o22'30"
27'30" 25'
Cenomanian) age. Unit 2 (Kp2) is present in the subsurface only, and is mapped based on Piedmont of Delaware and adjacent Pennsylvania: Delaware Geological Survey Geologic o
39 45' 39o45'
! 30-9449
Bedrock of the Penns Grove and Wilmington South quadrangles includes a regionally traceable 30-to-50-foot thick sand at the base of unit 3, as identified in Map Series 10, scale 1:24,000. Kmg !
unconsolidated Coastal Plain formations that overlie metamorphic and igneous geophysical and lithologic well logs (McKenna and others, 2004; Sugarman and others, ! 30-10762 Kmg
2004). Unit 2 is of Early Cretaceous (Albian) age (Doyle and Robbins, 1977; Owens and ! Kmg ! 30-4403
basement rocks. The Coastal Plain formations include sand, clay, and glauconite clay Stanford, S. D., 2006, Surficial geology of the Penns Grove and Wilmington South ! 30-3381 Kmg
others, 1998). The Potomac Formation unconformably overlies Late Proterozoic and quadrangles, Salem and Gloucester counties, New Jersey: N. J. Geological Survey Kp3
laid down in coastal, nearshore marine, and continental-shelf settings between 110 and .
20 million years ago (Ma). The underlying metamorphic rocks are much older and were early Paleozoic bedrock. Geologic Map Series GMS 06-5, scale 1:24,000. 30-6723 Kmg
Kp3

-200

-800
-400

-600
200
originally laid down as sediments, or intruded as magma, between 700 and 420 million
LATE PROTEROZOIC AND EARLY PALEOZOIC METAMORPHIC AND IGNEOUS Kmv

0
Sugarman, P. J., Miller, K. G., Burky, D., and Feigenson, M. D., 1995, Uppermost

D'
years ago, and compressed and deformed several times. The lithology and age of the OCZu ! 30-7693
formations are provided in the Description of Map Units. Age relations are also ROCKS--Gray schist and gneiss. Upper 5 to 50 feet is commonly weathered to a brown, Campanian-Maestrichtian strontium isotopic, biostratigraphic, and sequence stratigraphic ! Kp3

Kw
summarized in the Correlation of Map Units. Four cross sections show the subsurface red, gray, or greenish gray micaceous sandy clayey saprolite. Of Late Proterozoic and framework of the New Jersey Coastal Plain: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 30-8433
Kp3 ! 30-8393
geometry of the formations along the line of section. Further details on the regional early Paleozoic age. Includes the Wissahickon Formation and related rocks of the 107, p. 19-37. Kmg !
stratigraphy of the Coastal Plain formations are provided by Owens and others (1998). Potomac-Philadelphia-Hartland terrane of Late Proterozoic, Cambrian, and Ordovician

Kmt
!
age (Volkert and others, 1996; Schenck and others, 2000). In subsurface only. !
Surficial deposits of Pliocene and Quaternary age overlie the bedrock formations in Sugarman, P. J., Miller, K. G., Owens, J. P., and Feigenson, M. D., 1993, Strontium
. 30-5842 !
most of the map area. The surficial deposits are mapped by Stanford (2006). isotope and sequence stratigraphy of the Miocene Kirkwood Formation, southern New 30-9483.
. 30-9600 Kmg
Jersey: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 105, no. 4, p. 423-436. Kmg Kmv !
Kmg
MAP SYMBOLS Kp3

Kmg
Kmv
Kwb

Kp3

Kp2
! PG-13

Ket
!
DESCRIPTION OF MAP UNITS Sugarman, P. J., Miller, K. G., McLaughlin, P. P., Jr., Browning, J. V., Hernandez, J., Kp3 !
Contact--Approximately located. Monteverde, D., Uptegrove, J., Baxter, S. J., McKenna, T. E., Andres, A. S., Benson, R. . 30-7118
Kmg . 30-4308
KIRKWOOD FORMATION--Silty clay to silty, very fine sand. Yellow, reddish-yellow, N., Ramsey, K. W., Feigenson, M. D., Olsson, R. K., Brenner, G., and Cobbs, G., III, Kwb

30-1253
33-111
Tkw white, light gray. As much as 30 feet thick. The Kirkwood sediments in the map area are Formation observed in outcrop, excavation, or hand-auger hole. 2004, Fort Mott site, in Miller, K. G., , Sugarman, P. J., Browning, J. V., and others, eds., ! 30-5768
. 30-963

G
Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports, v. 174AX, p. 1-50. Kmg COUNTY ROUTE 551
within the informal lower member of the Kirkwood Formation (Owens and others, Kp3
1998), also known as the Alloway Clay in outcrop in this area (Isphording and Lodding, 30-9247 Well or boring, location accurate to within 200 feet--Number followed by map-unit . 30-4708 . 30-2656
78 Ket symbol is depth, in feet below land surface, of base of unit (or total depth of well, if ! 30-10134 . 30-964 ! 30-1772 Kmg Kwb
1969). The lower member is of early Miocene age (22-21 Ma) based on strontium 102 Kwb Volkert, R. A., Drake, A. A., Jr., Sugarman, P. J., 1996, Geology, geochemistry, and Kp3 Kp3 Kmg
within unit OCZu) as inferred from driller's log or geophysical log (for wells not shown tectonostratigraphic relations of the crystalline basement beneath the Coastal Plain of Kmg Kmv
stable-isotope ratios (Sugarman and others, 1993). Unconformably overlies the . 30-8177 !
Vincentown, Hornerstown, and Navesink formations. on sections). Map-unit symbol without a depth indicates uppermost formation as inferred New Jersey and contiguous areas: U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1565-B, Kmv
from driller's log; for these wells, underlying formations cannot be positively identified. 48 p. ! PG-12
Kmg Kwb
VINCENTOWN FORMATION--Glauconitic clayey quartz sand, medium grained. Identifiers of the form 33-xxx are U. S. Geological Survey Ground Water Site Inventory !
Tvt . 30-6602
Locally calcareous and fossiliferous, with foraminifera and bryozoan detritus. numbers. Identifiers of the form 30-xxxx are N. J. Department of Environmental Wolfe, J. A., 1976, Stratigraphic distribution of some pollen types from the Campanian Kwb
. Penns Grove well 2

deposits
surficial
Glauconite occurs primarily in soft grains of medium sand size. Yellowish-brown, olive, Protection well permit numbers. Identifiers of the form PG-xx are auger borings drilled and lower Maestrichtian rocks (upper Cretaceous) of the Middle Atlantic States: U.S. 30-467!
Kp3 ! ! 30-9028
light gray. As much as 40 feet thick. Late Paleocene in age, based on foraminifera by D. S. Powars and J. P. Owens of the U. S. Geological Survey. Well 45B (section BB') Geological Survey Professional Paper 977, 18p., 4 pls. Kwb
is from Leggette, Brashears, and Graham, Inc. (1979). Penns Grove well 2 (section BB') 30-8119
(Olsson and Wise, 1997). Unconformably overlies the Hornerstown Formation. Kp3 ! 30-9374
is from Woolman (1902, p. 92). Woolman, Lewis, 1902, Artesian wells: N. J. Geological Survey, Annual Report of the Kmg Kmv
HORNERSTOWN FORMATION--Glauconite clay. Olive, green, black where State Geologist for the Year 1901, p. 53-129.
Tht 30-4748 Well or boring, location accurate to within 500 feet--Identifiers and symbols as above.
unweathered, olive brown with brown to reddish-brown mottles where weathered. 73 Ket Ket MAHONEY RD

30-2048
Glauconite occurs primarily in soft grains of fine-to-medium sand size, with botryoidal 107 Kwb

E, G
SECTION
and accordion shapes. Quartz, mica, feldspar, and phostphatic material also occur as E, G ! 30-4771 ! 30-9881
BEND IN
minor constituents. Between 20 and 25 feet thick. Early Paleocene in age based on Geophysical log--On sections. "G" indicates gamma-ray log, shown in red, intensity 30-6522 Kmg Kwb !
increasing to right. "E" indicates electric log, shown in blue, with spontaneous potential Kmg NJ ROUTE 49
foraminifera (Olsson and Wise, 1997). Unconformably overlies the Navesink .
shown on left-hand curve (voltage increasing to right) and resistance shown on right- . 30-4661 . 30-5063
Formation. ! .
Kwb 30-8260
30-10374 ! . Kmg .
hand curve (resistance increasing to right). Kp3 30-5189
45 Kwb
! 30-8017 30-8768 30-8604 ! 75 Kmv
NAVESINK FORMATION--Glauconite clay to sandy clay. Locally fossiliferous, with Kp3 Kmg 53 Kwb Kwb
Kns ! 30-8261
calcareous shell beds. Olive, green, black where unweathered; olive brown to olive Kp3 30-244 72 Kmv
yellow where weathered. As much as 15 feet thick. Glauconite occurs primarily in soft Surficial deposits--On sections, shown where more than 10 feet thick. 30-527 30-6729 !
Kmg Kwb
30-529 ! 30-9872 .
grains of medium-to-coarse sand size, with botryoidal form. Quartz sand, medium 30-563 Kp3 Kp3 Kmg Kmg ! PG-6 Kmt
Kmg

Kmg
Kmv
Kp3

Kwb

Kp3

Kp2
grained, is the principal accessory. Pyrite, mica, and phosphatic material are minor .
REFERENCES !. ! 30-10635 Kmg ! PG-15
constituents. The basal few feet of the Navesink contain a glauconitic quartz sand with 30-3535 ! Kmg Kwb-Ket
Kp3 . Ket
granules and black phosphate pebbles. Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) in age based on 30-5310
foraminifera (Olsson, 1964). Strontium stable-isotope age estimates for the Navesink Christopher, R.A., 1979, Normapolles and triporate pollen assemblages from the Raritan Kp3 . 30-526 Kp3 ! 30-8530
. 30-8061 Kmg ! PG-7
range between 69-67 Ma (Sugarman and others, 1995). Unconformably overlies the and Magothy Formations (Upper Cretaceous) of New Jersey: Palynology, v. 3, p. 73-121. Kp3 Kwb FORT MOTT RD
Kp3

30-1010 28-10466
Mount Laurel Formation.

30-1033 33-360
Christopher, R. A., 1982, The occurrence of the Complexiopollis-Atlantopollis Zone 30-5441 30-3454 SECTION
. 30-620 30-8511 !

E
! Kmg 30-9378 15 Ket BEND IN
MOUNT LAUREL FORMATION--Quartz sand, slightly glauconitic, medium grained. (palynomorphs) in the Eagle Ford Group (Upper Cretaceous) of Texas: Journal of Kp3 Kp3 ! Kmv Ket ! ! 65 Kwb
Kml Paleontology, v. 25, p. 525-541. 30-8149 . 30-266 . 100 Kmv
Yellowish-brown to reddish-yellow where weathered, gray where unweathered. As ! 30-1143 ! 30-9041 ! 30-5726
SECTION BB'
. 33-343 Kmg

33-112
Kp3 Kwb

E, G
SECTION,
much as 70 feet thick in map area. Contains traces of feldspar, mica, and phosphate . 30-5287 Kp3 30-4634 . Kmt
Doyle, J.A., and Robbins, E.I., 1977, Angiosperm pollen zonation of the Cretaceous of ! BEND IN
pebbles. The upper several feet are a coarse sand with granules and pebbles; this interval Kp3 30-7813 85 Ket-Kwb ! 30-1842 ! Kmt
the Atlantic Coastal Plain and its application to deep wells in the Salisbury embayment: 103 Kmv Kw 42'30"
also contains glauconite from the overlying Navesink Formation concentrated in 23 Kwb Ket ! !
Palynology, v.1, p. 43-78. 52 Kmv
burrows. Late Cretaceous (late Campanian) in age based on nannoplankton (Sugarman . 30-9165 ! 30-7104 30-7591 30-10179
and others, 1995). Grades downward into the Wenonah Formation. . 30-618 . 30-8179 Kmg Kmg 97 Ket-Kwb !.
Kwb 106 Kmv 67 Ket-kwb
Isphording, W. C., and Lodding, W., 1969, Facies changes in sediments of Miocene age Kp3 Kp3 ! 105 Kmv
! 30-4532
WENONAH FORMATION--Quartz sand, micaceous, slightly glauconitic, fine- to very in New Jersey, in Subitzky, S., ed., Geology of selected areas in New Jersey and eastern
Kw Pennsylvania and guidebook of excursions: New Brunswick, N. J., Rutgers University 70 Ket-Kwb
fine-grained. Yellow to very pale brown where weathered, gray to pale olive where . 33-337 111 Kmv ! SALEM DRIVE
unweathered. As much as 40 feet thick. Late Cretaceous (late Campanian) in age based Press, p. 7-13. Kp3 Kmt
. 33-398
on pollen (Wolfe, 1976) and ammonite fossils (Kennedy and Cobban, 1994). Grades 30-1113 30-9721 Ket ! C'
downward into the Marshalltown Formation. Kennedy, W. J., and Cobban, W. A., 1994, Ammonite fauna from the Wenonah Formation 30-9191 ! 30-7608
Kmg 30-10642 . ! 46 Kwb !
(Upper Cretaceous) of New Jersey: Journal of Paleontology, v. 68, no. 1, p. 95-110. . Kp3 33-332 .! ! 50 Kwb 72 Kmv 30-196
MARSHALLTOWN FORMATION--Glauconitic clayey quartz sand, fine- to medium-
A . 30-5204
Kp3 ! 30-9727
! Kmg
30-5339
Kmg 30-1815 69 Kmv
! 30-6184
110 Kmt-Ket-Kwb
140 Kmv
Kml
Kmt 30-8190 ! Kmg ! 30-10493
Leggette, Brashears, and Graham, Inc., 1979, Progress report of contaminated ground- Kp3 Kp3 Kmg 47 Kwb ! !
grained. Olive to dark gray where unweathered, brown to olive brown where weathered. Kw
water recovery system at E. I. DuPont de Nemours and Co., Inc., Chambers Works, ! 30-9595 78 Kmv ! 30-5228 !!
As much as 20 feet thick. Late Cretaceous (middle Campanian) in age, based on . 33-328 70 Ket-Kwb !
nannoplankton (Sugarman and others, 1995). Unconformably overlies the Englishtown Deepwater, N. J. 30-8835 . Kp3 30-6642
105 Kmv . 30-6472
Kp3 Kmt-Ket ! . 30-66 Kw
Formation. 30-7532 ! 30-2177 Kmt-Ket
Kwb ! . Kwb . 30-2747 30-9810
DELAWARE DRIVE
McKenna, T. E., McLaughlin, P. P., and Benson, R. N., 2004, Characterization of the !
! Ket .
Potomac aquifer, an extremely heterogeneous fluvial system in the Atlantic coastal plain . 33-321 Kp3 30-8564 . 30-7543 Kmt-Ket
ENGLISHTOWN FORMATION--Quartz sand, fine- to medium-grained, with thin beds Kwb 30-3918 !
Ket
of clay and silt. Sand is white, yellow, and light gray where weathered, gray where of Delaware: Delaware Geological Survey Open File Report 45, 1 p., 3 plates. Kp3 87 Kwb
50Ket 33-69, 30-67 . .
30-8946 96 Kmv 30-229, 33-70
95 Kwb 30-7833 .
unweathered. Silt and clay are light gray to brown where weathered, dark gray to black 70 Kwb 129 Kmv
Miller, K. W., Sugarman, P. J., Browning, J. V., Kominz, M. A., Olsson, R. K., . 30-5600 115 Kmv ! PG-8 Kw
where unweathered. As much as 40 feet thick. Sand contains some lignite and mica and 30-1049, 33-139 Kp3 Kmt
minor amounts of glauconite; silt and clay contain some mica and lignite. Late Feigenson, M. D., and Hernandez, J. C., 2004, Upper Cretaceous sequences and sea-level Kmv !
. 30-3439 30-76 . 30-8995 ! 30-8529
Cretaceous (early Campanian) in age, based on pollen (Wolfe, 1976). Grades downward history, New Jersey Coastal Plain: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 116, no. 3- Kp3 . well 45B . 33-397 Kwb 95 Kwb
.. ! 30-3858 55 Kmt-Ket
into the Woodbury Formation. 4, p. 368-393.
30-3368 . 30-3438
Kp3 30-9169 ! . 108 Kmv Ket-Kwb 121 Kwb

Kp2
146 Kmv
Kp3 Kp3 Kmg Kwb 61 Kwb

Kp3
70 Kmv !
Minard, J. P., 1965, Geologic map of the Woodstown quadrangle, Gloucester and Salem 30-4252 ! 30-9170 ! 30-2466 .
WOODBURY FORMATION--Clay with minor thin beds of very fine quartz sand. Dark ! 30-2455 30-7065 15 Kml !
Kwb counties, New Jersey: U. S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map GQ-404, scale 68 Kwb 64 Kwb
gray and black where unweathered, yellowish brown to brown where weathered. As . 30-2251 80 Kmv Kwb 100 Kmv Ket 65 Kw 30-6512
1:24,000. 30-1046 Kw 55 Kml-Kw
much as 50 feet thick. Clay is micaceous, with some pyrite and lignite and traces of 254 Kp3
30-3545 . . 497 Kp2 ! 30-6604 85 Kmt
glauconite. Late Cretaceous (early Campanian) in age based on pollen (Wolfe, 1976). Kp3 30-4667 110 Kmt-Ket-Kwb 125 Ket
517 OCzu . 30-1063

WOODSTOWN
Grades downward into the Merchantville Formation. Minard (1965) includes this clay in Olsson, R. K., 1964, Late Cretaceous planktonic foraminifera from New Jersey and ! Kp3 . 145 Kmv 175 Kwb-Kmv
! Kp3 30-6359
Delaware: Micropaleontology, v. 10, no. 2, p. 157-188. 33-136 . . 30-7979

surficial deposits
the Merchantville or Englishtown formations in the adjacent Woodstown quadrangle. It Kp3 30-492 ! 30-987 120 Ket-Kwb ! 30-5924
is mapped separately here because the general absence of sand beds distinguishes it Kp3 Kp3 Kp3 30-9639 30-2564 145 Kmv ! ! PG-9
30-514, 33-311 . 30-9633 Kmt-Ket
Olsson, R. K., and Wise, S. W., Jr., 1987, Upper Maestrichtian to middle Eocene ! 30-2640 . Kwb 30-9751 Ket-Kwb Ket Kw
from the overlying Englishtown Formation and the absence of glauconite distinguishes Kp3
RIVER
stratigraphy of the New Jersey slope and coastal plain: Initial reports of the Deep Sea . 30-698 . Ket-Kwb .. . 30-10745
it from the underlying Merchantville Formation. Kp3 . 30-1080, 33-126 30-513, 33-308
DELAWARE
Drilling Project, volume XCII, Washington, D. C., p. 1343-1365. ! Ket-Kwb !
30-11001 . Kmt
MERCHANTVILLE FORMATION--Glauconitic fine-sandy silty clay to clayey silt. . 30-1234 30-861
Kmv Kp3 Kmg . 30-2741 30-9290
! 30-8666 Kml
Olive, dark gray, black where unweathered, olive brown to yellowish brown where Owens, J. P., Sohl, N. F., and Minard, J. P., 1977, A field guide to Cretaceous and lower ! 30-2580 Kwb Kwb 57 Ket-Kwb 30-8365 ! 39 Kmt
30-5266
30-9807 ! . 30-975 88 Kmv !30-9248
weathered. As much as 30 feet thick. Glauconite occurs primarily as soft grains of fine- Tertiary beds of the Raritan and Salisbury embayments, New Jersey, Delaware, and Kp3 78 Ket-Kwb Kmt-Ket ! !

OCZu
Kmg Kmg 30-10348 Kmv 30-6360

VERTICAL EXAGGERATION 10X


Maryland: American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic 102 Kmv .
to-medium sand size. Sand fraction is chiefly quartz; feldspar, mica, and pyrite are 30-9697 30-8739 Kmv 30-3734 Kmt-Ket
minor constituents. Iron cementation is common. Late Cretaceous (early Campanian) in Paleontologists and Mineralogists, 113 p. Kmg Kmg Kmt-Ket
. 30-8099 . 30-8109 Ket
age based on ammonite fossils (Owens and others, 1977). Unconformably overlies the Kp3 30-7960 ! ! Kmg
Magothy Formation. Owens, J. P., Sugarman, P. J., Sohl, N. F., Parker, R. A., Houghton, H. F., Volkert, R. A., Kmg Kmv
. 30-8729
Drake, A. A., Jr., Orndorff, R. C., 1998, Bedrock geologic map of central and southern !
. ! . Kmg
! 30-6661 30-10124 ! ! Kwb
MAGOTHY FORMATION--Quartz sand, fine- to very coarse-grained, and clay and New Jersey: U. S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-2540-B, Kp3 ! ! 30-10684
!.
Kmg
Kmg silt, thin-bedded. Sand is white, yellow, light gray where weathered, gray where scale 1:100,000. 30-3378 ! Kmg
30-8231! Kmg
unweathered. Clay and silt are white, yellow, brown, rarely reddish-yellow where Kmg ! . 30-8615
30-6520 Kmg
weathered, gray to black where unweathered. Gray colors are dominant. Sand includes Kmg 30-8783 30-8207
Kmg Kmg . 30-1931 ! 30-5964
some lignite, pyrite, and minor feldspar and mica. Silt and clay beds include abundant 83 Ket-Kwb
30-5289 30-6517 Ket-Kwb
mica and lignite. Late Cretaceous (Turonian-Coniacian) in age based on pollen Kmg Kmg Kmg 114 Kmv
30-3691 !
(Christopher, 1979, 1982; Miller and others, 2004). Unconformably overlies the 105 Ket-Kwb
Kp3

D
Potomac Formation. Contact with Potomac Formation placed at change from 135 Kmv ! 33-305

-400
0

-800
200

-600
-200
predominantly gray clay and silt in Magothy Formation to red clay in the Potomac, as 50 Ket
! 30-18 Kmg 90 Kwb
reported in well or boring logs, or at increased gamma-ray intensity, decreased electrical Kmg 110 Kmv Kw
resistance, and increased spontaneous potential on geophysical logs, recording the 180 Kmg ELEVATION (feet)
thicker clays in the Potomac. Thickness ranges from 40 to 50 feet over most of the map 30-6469 ! 30-10918
30-6210 ! 30-8848 Kp3 40'
area, to 150 feet in the northeast corner of the Penns Grove quadrangle. This thickening Kmg ! ! 33-303 !!
Kmg 30-16 Kp3 .
is due, in part, to erosion of the Potomac Formation before the Magothy was deposited. . 30-9179
. Kmg
Regionally, the Magothy thickens, and the Potomac correspondingly thins and pinches 30-6716 . ! 30-476 Kmg . 30-13862
Kmv !
30-6717 Kp3 ! PG-14 Ket ! 30-1076, 33-395Ket 60 Kw !
out, northeastward along strike in New Jersey (Owens and others, 1998). The upper 10 Kwb . 30-13864 80 Kmt !
to 15 feet of the Magothy Formation as mapped here may include the Cheesequake 40 Kmt 125 Ket
!30-7941 100 Ket 185 Kwb-Kmv
Formation, which has been identified biostratigraphically in coreholes in this region Kmv ! 30-3013 170 Kwb-Kmv
(Miller and others, 2004; Sugarman and others, 2004) but, as a largely non-glauconitic Kp3 . 30-9268 210 Kmg
silt, cannot be lithically distinguished from the Magothy based on outcrop and well data Kwb Kml
30-462
in the map area. 30-451, 33-115 !! Kmv Kmt
Kwb ! 30-1065, 30-1081, 33-67

-600
-400
-200

-800
200
! 30-8856 30-1467 !

C'
POTOMAC FORMATION--Quartz sand, fine- to very coarse-grained, and clay and silt,

0
Kp3 thin- to thick-bedded; minor pebble-to-cobble gravel. Sand is white, yellow, light gray D Kmg
.
Kmv ! 30-5152 Kw
43 Kml
117 Kw-Kmt-Ket
where weathered, gray where unweathered. Clay and silt are white, yellow, brown, 30-7460 70 Kwb 143 Kwb
Kmg 88 Kmv Ket ! 30-5150

Kml

Kw
Kp2 reddish-yellow, red where weathered, gray where unweathered. Clay beds are as much 36 Kml !

as 10 feet thick, sand beds are as much as 50 feet thick. Clay beds are more abundant Kmv 98 Kw-Kmt
126 Ket Tht
!! !
than sand beds. Total thickness of formation as much as 650 feet in map area. The Tht Kns

OCZu
Potomac Formation in the map area is divided into two informal subunits (Kp3, Kp2)

Kmv

Kmg
Kwb
30-9484 ! !

Kmt

Kp3
!

Ket
30 Kw ! !
based on pollen zonations (Doyle and Robbins, 1977), although it is not known if the Kml !
80 Kmt-Ket ! 30-1086, 33-64
150 Kwb-Kmv
! !
. 30-469, 33-114

surficial deposits
Kmt Kw !
Kns Tvt
Kmg !
Kwb !

PG-11
50 Kw PG-2 ! ! !
! 13 Kns Tkw
!
30-1797 ! PG-3
!Kmv 6Tkw
Ket Tht
!
! 30-9829 Kns Tht
Kwb ! 30-5337
Kw
Kmg

33-69 30-229
! PG-13

33-70
Ket-Kwb

G
Tvt !
Kmv ! 30-8731 Kml SECTION
Kmt A'

30-67
Kmv 40 Kw
!
BEND IN

G
60 Kmt 30-8779 ! !
! 30-9167 Ket Kml !
Kwb
Kns Tkw Tvt
Kw
Kmt !30-4489 !
Kw
!
. 30-2048 Tht Tvt !
30-2049 .
TWO PENNY RUN
30-8755
Kwb 5 Tkw !
15 Tvt . 30-4434
! 30-5427 53 Tht-Kns 35 Tht-Kns
Kmt ! 90 Kml
30-1010, 33-393 . 28-10466, 33-360 Kns !
. 30-7734
. ! Kw
30-1033, 33-112 . 33-93 Tvt Tkw
! Kwb
30-1659 ! 30-1253, 33-111 . 30-7430
.30-1261 ! !
Kwb Kwb Kwb !
Kml PG-5 ! !
Kns Tkw Tht
! 30-1322
Tvt

Kw
65 Kwb !

OCZu
Kw

Kmg
90 Kmv

Kmv
Kwb

Kp2
Kmt

Kp3
Ket
Kns 39o37'30"
!
39o37'30" 32'30" 75o30' 27'30" 25' 75o22'30"
DELAWARE CITY
B D' SALEM C
POINTERS-AUBURN RD

Base from U. S. Geological Survey Penns Grove (1995) and Wilmington South (1997) quadrangles
INTERSTATE ROUTE 295

SWEDESBORO RD

Geology mapped 2003-2004


SECTION CC'

Cartography by Scott Stanford and Michael Girard


SECTION BB'

A A' Reviewed by John Jengo, Karl Muessig, Lloyd Mullikin, Kelvin Ramsey
DELAWARE RIVER

POINTERS-
SECTION
SALEM RIVER

US ROUTE 40
200
BEND IN

200 Research supported by the U. S. Geological Survey, National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program,
US ROUTE 130

NJ TURNPIKE

under USGS award number 03HQAG0091. The views and conclusions contained in this document are
those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies,
either expressed or implied, of the U. S. Government.
33-64 Tkw Tkw
33-139 33-311 33-308 30-1086
30-1050
30-2251 30-514 30-513 30-1065 E, G Tvt Tvt
E, G

surficial deposits
E Tht
0
surficial
surficial deposits surficial deposits
Ket
Kml Kns 0 BEDROCK GEOLOGY OF THE PENNS GROVE
Kw
deposits
Kwb Kmt
Ket
AND WILMINGTON SOUTH QUADRANGLES,
Kmv
Kmg Kwb SALEM AND GLOUCESTER COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY

33-303
Kp3 Kmv
-200

G
-200
ELEVATION (feet)

Kmg
by

30-1076
33-395
Kp3 SECTION

G
BEND IN

Kp3
Scott D. Stanford and Peter J. Sugarman
Kp2 2006
-400
-400
Kp3

30-1081
O SALEM RIVER
11.5

33-67
SCALE 1:24 000 BEND IN SECTION

E
POINTERS-AUBURN RD
1 1/ 2 0 1 MILE
MAG

TRUE NORTH

Kp2
N E T IC

1000 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 FEET


OCZu
Kp2
NOR

-600 1 .5 0 1 KILOMETER
-600
TH

APPROXIMATE MEAN CONTOUR INTERVAL 5 FEET


DECLINATION, 1993
LOCATION IN

30-1086
NATIONAL GEODETIC VERTICAL DATUM OF 1929

33-64
NEW JERSEY
SECTION AA'

E, G
OCZu OCZu Kp2 BEND IN SECTION

-800 -800
VERTICAL EXAGGERATION 10X
CORRELATION OF MAP UNITS
SECTION AA'
SECTION DD'

WHOOPING JOHN

B
SALEM CANAL
SECTION
SECTION

SECTION

B'
SECTION
BEND IN
BEND IN

BEND IN

SECTION
HENBY CREEK
BEND IN
NJ ROUTE 49

BEND IN
INTERSTATE

WALKER AVE
NJ ROUTE 49
INDUSTRIAL RD

Tkw Miocene
ROUTE 295

200 200
BROAD ST

UNCONFORMITY
MAIN ST
CREEK

Tvt Tertiary

33-112 UNCONFORMITY Paleocene


33-114 33-115 33--126 well 458
30-1033 30-476 30-451 30-6717 30-1080 30-2440 E 33-328 33-343 Penns Grove
E, G E G 33-398 Tht
E E E E E well 2
0 0
surficial deposits surficial deposits UNCONFORMITY
surficial deposits
Kwb Kns Maastrichtian
Kmv HAINES NECK RD
UNCONFORMITY
Kmg
Kp3
Kml
ELEVATION (feet)

-200 -200 Kw

surficial deposits
Kp3
Kp3 Kmt

OCZu
Kp3

Kmg
Kmv
Kwb
Campanian

Kmt

Kp2
Kp3
Kml
UNCONFORMITY

Ket
Kw

VERTICAL EXAGGERATION 10X


Ket
Late Cretaceous

-400 Kwb
-400
Kmv

30-7430
Kp2
Kp2 UNCONFORMITY

Kmg Turonian-
Kp2 Coniacian
OCZu UNCONFORMITY
-600 -600 Kp3 Cenomanian

OCZu UNCONFORMITY?

C
OCZu

-800
Early Cretaceous

-400
-200
Kp2 Albian

-600
0
200
UNCONFORMITY
ELEVATION (feet)
-800 -800 OCZu Late Proterozoic-early Paleozoic
VERTICAL EXAGGERATION 10X