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GE – 6 - Mass: Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus

MUSIC APPRECIATION (Sanctus & Benedictus) & Agnus


Alliah Erika S. Doydora Dei

 Thomas Weelkes: As Vesta Was


Medieval Period Descending: Madrigal
 Gregorian Chant: Dies Irae - collection of madrigals, including
- Chant to organum “As Vesta…” written in honor of
 Anon: Estampie Queen Elizabeth I
 Perotin: Alleluia: Nativitas - Organum - madrigals by different composers
 Franceso Landin: Ecco la Primavira – - Genre: Madrigal
Trovadoures - “long live fair Oriana”
 Guillaume de Machaut – Notre Dame - simple rhythms - dupic
Mass Agnus Dei - clear harmonies
- harmonious chords are heard;
Rennaisance melodies – lively but they also
become as the pitch progresses
 Josquin Desprez Ave Maria Virgo - texture: homophonic but it gets
Serena: Motet polyphonic at place; imitative
- Witten in honor of the Virgin Mary - crisp, engaging melodic motives
- Used for church/ for interlude - accurate declamation
- Rhetorical text: spiritual unity - frequent word painting
- Clear imitation, highest to lowest - through-composed (paratactic)
voices, polyphonic (4) form
- Latin – derived from a poem - metric
- Imitation & 4-part vocal ensemble  Thomas Morley: Now is the Month of
1. Imitative polyphony Maying: Madrigal
2. Alternate between polyphonic - Performed during spring
and homophonic lines - Tonality: major key
lyrically repetitive - Tempo: allegro (lively)
- Accompanied or used in liturgical - Mood: joyful
service, counter information of - Rhythmic feature: 4/4 time
Martin Luther (“Christian chant”) signature; upbeat; dotted rhythms
- Mass (5 sections): 1. Kyrie Elieson, - Genre: Balleto (light-hearted secular
Kristi Elieson 2. Gloria 3. Santos English song)
(Sanctus & Benedictus) 4. Lamb of - Strophic; 2 contracting sections;
God (Agnus Dei) 5. Credo Rhythmic & mixed voice; treble
- Morley seems to use more of a
 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palistrina: chordal, almost homophonic
Pope Marcellus Mass, Kyrie – texture rather than imitation
Renaissance Mass - Meant for entertainment
- Polyphonic choral music  L’Orfeo-Claudio Monteverdi: “Tu Se
- “imitative” polyphony and Morta”
homophonic in which the basic - First Opera music
melodies and thus, their words are - English: You are Dead
stated clearly in a single voice - Selection – Tu se morta
- cantus firmus (a simple melody - Form – Opera/ through-
usually derived from a preexisting composed
Gregorian chant). - Arioso – tuneful then recitative
- Timbre – voices, strings, basso were complex. In Ritornello form,
continuo means “returning”.
- Melody – one voice, text about - A song about the four seasons
woman that dies from poisonous which included a series of poems
snake bite describing each season’s event.
- Harmony – simple, mourning  George Frideric Handel: “Hallelujah
- Dynamics – no gradual changes, Chorus” from Messiah (oratorio
low key, very passionate book – smaller)
- Texture - polyphonic, with - A song written during his hard times
closing from the choir which helped him over it
- Rhythm/Tempo – simple and slow, - Texture: homophony,
minor increase in tempo monophony, polyphony (varies),
- Two Key Characteristic’s of Stylistic all kinds of texture
Period - Form: through composed
1. emotional and theatrical qualities (chorus)
2. feeling of continuity - Finished the whole book in 24 days
– just fasting, commissioned
- Almost 400 pages composition
BAROQUE PERIOD - 3 parts: Old Testament, New
Testament and Judgement Day
 Johann Sebastian Bach: “The Little”
 Johann Sebastian Bach: Minuet in G
Organ Fugue in G Minor
- Texture: polyphonic
- Form:Fugue
- Form: ABA Ternary
- Texture: polyphonic music
- Minute - “dance” mi- small
- The key of G minor, sometimes
- Graceful movements
associated with sadness, is used
extensively in the cantata, which  J S Bach: Jesu Joy of Man’s
sets Psalm 130, one of the Desiring
penitential psalms - Usually played during the advent
season
 Antonio Vivaldi (introduced concerto
- Texture: homophonic
grezzum): “Spring” from the Four
- Form: Chorale and Ritornello
Season
- String instruments (programmed
music) – eventually became CLASSICAL PERIOD
orchestra  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Piano
- In the Summer piece, it was a Sonata in A.K. 331. Theme &
polyphonic texture, contained both Variation
crescendos and decrescendos, had - Sonata form
an upbeat tone color. - 3 – movement sonata for solo piano
- Autumn was more relaxed but still - 3rd movement – Turkish style
aspiring. It had a ritornello form and - 1st movement -andante grazioso
a homophonic texture. - 2nd movement – menuetto (minuet &
- Winter had a darker tone color. It trio)
was also played in the ritornello - 3rd movement – allegretto grazioso
form and contained leaps in the (sonata-rondo)
melodic motion and fast steps that  Ludwig Van Beethoven: Symphony
led to jagged and complex tunes in No. 5
the melody. It was also a - Form: symphony
homophonic texture. - 4 movement
- Spring piece was polyphony in
texture with short melodies that
- 1. Allegro con brio ( C minor) - - Beethoven: important composer
sonata form who opened the idea of
- 2. Andante con moto (Ab major) - Romanticism (Romantic Period)
double variation form (theme and - Orchestral work; 4 movements
variations form) - 1st – sonata form, 2nd – scherzo
- 3. Scherzo: Allegro – ternary form and trio, 3rd – double variation
- ABA (consisting of a scherzo form, 4th – theme and variations
and trio) form
- 4. Allegro – Presto (c Major) – - 4th movement: taken from the
temporarily compressed form, "Ode to Joy", a poem written by
includes a very long coda -sonata Friedrich Schiller in 1785 and
form revised in 1803, with text additions
 Franz Joseph Hayden: Serenade Op. made by Beethoven
No. 3 - Part symphony and part oratori
- Father of Symphony - Deaf – LV lost his hearing
- 6 string quarter  L V Beethoven: Moonlight Sonata
- first movement - “Allegro,” is in - Piano Sonata No. 14 C Sharp Minor
sonata form. Opos No.2
- second movement, “Poco - Sonata Almost like a fantasy
adagio, cantabile” (“Rather Slow, - Dedicated to Giuliette Guicciardi, 17
Songlike”), uses the elegant yr old pupil
“Emperor’s Hymn” as a basis for - Influenced by Giovanni and Mozart
variations - 1st – adagio sostenuto – modified
- third movement, “Menuetto sonata-allegro form
allegro,” is a dance form. The - 2nd – allegretto – scherzo and trio
quartet closes with a sometimes - 3rd – presto agitato – sonata form
strident, sometimes lilting,  W A Mozart: Queen of the Night from
- invariably dramatic “Finale: the Magic Flute
presto,” again in sonata form. - Story of the queen and prince
 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: - aria
EineKleine Nachmusik Serenade No. - Opera in 2 acts
13 - Singspiel – popular form which
- first movement opens with a includes both singing and
bright allegro in sonata form, spoken dialogue
has a homophonic texture. - noted for its prominent Masonic
- 2nd movement, which is inscribed elements
with romance, was composed in a  W A Mozart: Variation on K 265 Ah
three-part song form (A-part, B- Vous Dirai-ji Maman
part and shortened A-part with - “Twelve variations”, English : Ah,
final coda. Structure: rondo-like, Mother, if I could tell you
with opening section (A) recurring. - French folk song
A and B sections in rounded binary - Around 25 songs
form. - Variation – timbre, counterpoint etc.
- 3rd - in minuet and trio form, - 1. Basic
homophonic - 2. Variation
- 4th - rondo and sonata-allegro, - Solo piano
homophonic - Form: theme and variations
 Ludwig Van Beethoven: Symphony - Texture: clear and unambiguous
No. 9 choral Conclusion; Ode to Joy homophony
- Symphony – instrumental only
 W A Mozart: Symphony No. 40 last - : Large orchestra with some special
movement instruments: celesta
- 1st – molto allegro (very fast and
lively)  Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco
- 2nd – andante (a slow movement) Verdi: Aida
- 3rd – Menuetto Allegretto (a minuet - Contrapuntal texture
dance form) – minuet nd trio - Triumphal march
- 4th – allegro assai (fast and lively)  George Bizet: Habanera from
- Sonata form (1st, 2nd, 4th) Carmen
- End w/ Homophonic texture - Homophonic texture
 L V Beethoven: Fur Elise (Bagatelle - Very free in form
in A minor) - Festive music
- Discovered 40 yrs after his death - Carmen, the cigarette girl falls in
- “Fur therese” – Therese mAlfatti – love with corporal Don Jose, but
- Bagatelle No. 25 after she meets the strong torero
- 5 part rondo – A-B-A-C-A Escamillo, she abandons Don Jose
(homophonic) and falls for the torero. Don Jose is
demoted to a normal soldier
because he sets Carmen for free,
ROMANTIC but he loses Carmen at the end. In
 Frederic Chopin: Nocturne in Eb the final act, Don Jose kills Carmen
- Op. 9, No, 2 after he fails for begging her love in
- Song of the Night front of the people coming out from
- Nocturne – piano piece the abattoir.
- Homophonic - Gypsy music cstyle – vivid rhythms
- musical form is ABA, or ternary  Giacomo Antonio Puccini TUSCA
- A part is usually in a dream mood, - Performed by Luigi
whereas the B part is more of - Pera
dramatic content and overall the - Through-composed
mood is melancholic.  Giacomo Antonio Puccini: Nessun
- ROBATO – extended value of notes Dorma from “Turandot”
 Sergei Rachmaninoff: Rhapsody on - Tenor aria
a Theme of Paganini - “Let no one sleep”
- Written for Solo piano and - It is sung by Calaf, il principe ignoto
symphony orchestra) (the unknown prince), who falls in
- Allegro vivache love at first sight with the beautiful
- Inspired by Paganini’s work but cold Princess Turandot.
- Set of 24 variations However, any man who wishes to
- Variation form wed Turandot must first answer her
- texture is thick and chordal. three riddles; if he fails, he will be
 Peter Ilych Tchaikovsky: Dance of beheaded. In the aria, Calaf
the Sugar Plum Fairy from The expresses his triumphant assurance
Nutcracker Suite that he will win the princess.
- homophonic, moving toward -
polyphonic.
- Constant crescendo and 20TH CENTURY – MODERN POP
decrescendo  Claude Debussy: Clair de Lune
- Form: Both in ternary: A-B-A - Form: ternary form, or three part
form. (ABA)
- Ballet music form
- Impressionistic music – expresses  John Denver: Take Me Home
feeling - Homophonic
- Homophonic texture - has a prominent status as an iconic
 Maurice Ravel: Bolero symbol of West Virginia, which it
- set of 18 variations on an original describes as "almost Heaven".
two-part theme— - ABABCB
- in C major, 3/4 time, beginning  Aaron Copland: Appalachian Spring
pianissimo and rising in a - divided into 14 movements
continuous crescendo to fortissimo - orchestral suite
possibile (as loud as possible). It is - 8 Sections:
built over an unchanging ostinato - 1st – very slow part
rhythm played on one or more - 2nd – fast/allegro
snare drums that remains constant - 3rd – moderate
throughout the piece: - 4th – quite fast
 Igor Stravinsky: Sacrificial Dance - 6th – very slowly
- Was affected of WWI - 7th -calm and flowing (doppio
- Expresses about anger and pain movimento)
- Expressionist - 8th – moderate
- Ballet and orchestra - Homophonic and polyphonic
- Form: Sectional (A-B-A'-C-A-D-E- - Episodic nature of ballet
F-G-A''-F') - Slowness: peacefulness of the
- The Chosen One dances to death in countryside, tenderness, love,
the presence of the old men, in the calmness
great “Sacrificial Dance”. - Fast tempos: joy, dancing, fear,
 George Gershwin: Excerpt from excitement
Rhapsody in Blue  John Philip Sousa (March King) -
- Solo piano and Whiteman’s band Military Band of the Officer: The
- Harmonic structure Stars and Stripes Forever
- Influenced by jazz - Magnus opus (master piece)
 Khachaturian Sabre Dance - National march (US America)
- From Gayane Ballet - U.S. military march form—of
- Dance of the Kurds" repeated phrasing of different
- n A and B sections, followed by a melodies performed in sections
bridge, a return of the A section, called strains: a Sousa legacy.
and then a coda  John Williams: Star Wars
- homophonic - Form and structure: fanfare,
- the theme for the celebration of introduction, A-A-B-A, link,
Gayane's and Kasakov's wedding, codetta
the music is expressing a Russian - The two textures in the opening
celebration of music and happiness. music are:
Khaturian uses Gayane to express - fanfare imitation between lower
pariotism to his country during the and upper brass
time of war. - melody-dominated homophony
 Michael Dadap: Dandansoy throughout
- Folk song – Ilonggo, Bacolod –  John Williams: Titanic (James
Maskara Fest Horner: My Heart Will Go On)
- About the boy who want to go to his  Elvis Presley Rock N’ Roll Medley
hometown - Arrangement are simple
- Confused with Kundansoy - Feels spontaneous and fun
- lullaby - strophic
 Ryan Cayabyab: Limang-dipang Tao
 Ryan Cayabyab: Paraiso
 Lucio San Pedro – Sa Mahal Kung
Bayan
 Parokya ni Edgar: Pumapatak Na
Naman ang Ulan
 Michael Jackson: BEN
- King of pop
- Most cultural figure
- composed by Walter Scharf for the
1972 film of the same name (the
sequel to the 1971 killer rat film
Willard)
- piano – add color
- guitar – melody
- standard rhythm
 Madonna: Like A Virgin
- " is a dance-oriented song,
composed of two hooks.
 Nicanor Abelardo: Mutya ng Pasig
 Sugarfree: Batang Bata Ka Pa

Note:
Homophonic form
- Rondo
- Theme and variations
- Minute and trio form