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HANDS-ON ABOUT Parts of the Science

Investigatory Project Report Science


Investigatory Project Doing an
investigatory project considers as a
major achievement of any students in
Science. Through scientific investigation,
they learn how to apply the acquired
knowledge, scientific concepts, theories,
principles and laws of nature. They can
use their higher-order process or
thinking skills in conducting a research.
Let us provide you a brief description of
the parts of the Science Investigatory
Project Report below. Title The Title
should be clear and precise. It has an
objective or purpose. It should not be
written too long or too short. By just
reading the title, you can determine
what the investigative study is all
about. Abstract The Abstract should be
one or two paragraphs only. It includes
your research problems, the method or
procedure that you used and the
findings or conclusion of the study.
Chapter I 1. Introduction and Its
Background The Introduction is about
one page only wherein it includes the
background of the study and its
rationale. It usually leads into the
research problem. 2. Statement of the
Problem The Statement of the Problem
has two categories namely: the general
problem and specific problems. Usually,
one general problem and three specific
problems which derived from the general
problem. The research problems should be
specific, reliable,valid, measurable,
objectively stated. It can be a question
form or in a declarative statement. 3.
Formulation of the Hypothesis The
Formulation of the Hypothesis has two
types namely: the null hypothesis and
affirmative hypothesis. Hypotheses is a
scientific guess which intends subject for
thorough investigation. It is
recommended to use null hypothesis in
your research project. 4. Significance of
the Study The Significance of the Study
indicates how important is your
investigatory project for the people,
environment and community as a whole.
It is really relevant in the changing
world or global impact into the field of
technology. 5. Scope and Delimitation of
the Study The Scope and Delimitation of
the Study covers the range of your
research. It includes the period of
research, the materials and equipment to
be used, the subject of the study or the
sample of the study, the procedure and
the statistical treatment to be used. 6.
Definition of Terms The Definition of
Terms has two types: the Dictionary-
derived definitions and the Operational
definitions which derived from how
these terms were used in your research.
Chapter II Review of Related Literature
and Studies Related Literature The
Related Literature are statements taken
from science books, journals, magazines,
newspapers and any documents from
authorized scientists, Science experts or
well-known Science agencies. These
statements can support your study
through their concepts, theories,
principles and laws. Footnoting is
important on this part. Related Studies
The Related Studies are those researches
which may be local and foreign studies
who can attribute to your research or
can support your investigation
scientifically. Footnoting is also
important on this part. Chapter III
Methodology has several parts namely:
the subject of the study, the procedure
and the statistical treatment 1. The
Subject of the Study The Subject of the
Study includes your population and the
sample. It applies the sampling techniques
to obtain a good sample of the study.
Your sample should be valid and reliable.
2. The Procedure The Procedure is the step
by step and systematic process of doing
your research. It includes the materials
with right amount of measurements, the
appropriate equipment to be used in
doing the scientific investigation. It
consists of several trials with control
variables, independent variables and
dependent variables. Gathering of data is
essential in any kind of research. It is
recommended to use control and
experimental set-ups to arrive at valid
conclusion. 3. Research Design The
Research Design may be shown through
Theoretical Framework or Conceptual
Framework wherein the researcher plans
and designs his study with significant
theories, concepts and connections. It
shows the input, intervention and
output of the study. 4. The Statistical
Treatment The Statistical Treatment
comes in various ways. It can be mean,
median, mode, percentage, Chi-square,
standard deviation, T-test, Pearson r,
Spearman rank or Anova I or Anova II. It
is recommended to use T-test in any
experimental research. Chapter IV
Presentation, Analysis and
Interpretation of Data 1. Presentation of
Data, Analysis and Interpretation of
Data The data gathered should be
presented in order to be analyzed. It may
be presented in two forms namely:
through table or graph. You may use
both of them if you want to clearly
figure out your data. A table has labels
with quantity, description and units of
measurement. Graph has several types
namely the line graph, bar graph, pie
graph and pictograph. Choose what type
of graph that you prefer to use. Analyze
the data that had been gathered,
presented in table or graph
scientifically. You interpret the data
according to what had been quantified
and measured. The numerical data
should be interpreted clearly in simple
and descriptive statements. 2. Results
Results show the findings or outcomes of
your investigation. The result must be
based according to the interpreted data.
Chapter V Summary, Conclusion and
Recommendation 1. Summary The
Summary briefly summarizes your
research from Chapter I to Chapter IV
which includes the research problems,
methodology and findings. It consists of
one or two paragraphs only. 2.
Conclusion The Conclusion is the direct
statement based on findings or results. It
should answer your hypothesis and
research problems. 3. Recommendation
The Recommendation is given based on
your conclusion. You may give few
recommendations which you think can
help the fellow Science students,
researchers, consumers or the entire
community where people live in.